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Lesson Transcript

Hello, and welcome to the Culture File: Thailand series at ThaiPod101.com. In this series, we’re exploring essential cultural information about Thailand, Thai Culture and Thai People. For the next few lessons, we’re going to learn about popular Thai cities and provinces. I’m Michael, and you're listening to Season 1, Lesson 1 - Bangkok Province.
Bangkok, or กรุงเทพฯ in Thai, is the capital city and the most populated urban area of Thailand.
Bangkok was originally located on the west side of the Chao Praya River, or แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา in Thai, where it was known as the city of Thonburi. It was moved across this river after King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke(พระบาทสมเด็จพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลกมหาราช), or "Rama I," became the first king of the Rattanakosin Era in 1782. He gave the city a ceremonial name, which became shortened to its current official name, กรุงเทพมหานคร. The full name of the city is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's longest place name.
The name กรุงเทพมหานคร means the "City of Angels," but Thai people call it Krung Thep for short. Foreigners, however, have referred to the city as "Bangkok" since the Ayutthaya era.
Today, the majority of people living in Bangkok are Thai-Chinese or in Thai คนไทยเชื้อสายจีน, but there is also a large population of fully native Thais in the city as well. Many of these fully Thai residents migrated from other provinces to the city to make a living. Bangkok is also home to people from all over the world, including Chinese, Indians, Japanese, Arabs, and many more.
Most of Bangkok's sights are concentrated in the Old City on the Island called Rattanakosin. The Grand Palace, or วัดพระแก้ว in Thai, Wat Pho, and Wat Arun are generally the most visited places in Bangkok. The Grand Palace was built when Rama I founded Bangkok as the nation's capital. This palace has been the site of many important religious ceremonies performed by the King of Thailand.
The temple Wat Pho was built during the reign of Rama I. It is home to a large Reclining Buddha, which was constructed during Rama III’s reign, and also houses a school that teaches traditional Thai massage.
The "Temple of Dawn" or Wat Arun was built during the Ayutthaya period. It is on the Thonburi side of the Chao Praya river, across from Wat Pho. The main tower is about sixty-seven meters high and is surrounded by four smaller towers. If you look closely, you can see that it’s beautifully decorated with many colorful Chinese porcelain pieces.
So listeners, how did you like this lesson? Did you learn anything interesting?
What would you want to do if you were in Bangkok?
Leave a comment telling us at ThaiPod101.com! Until next time!

18 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What would you want to do if you were in Bangkok?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 08:13 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Rick,


Thank you for question. A proper pronunciation of Siam is "sà-yăam". Hope that's help. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Rick Thai
Monday at 07:01 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello,


What is the proper pronunciation of Siam?

In your Thai Dictionary, one speaker pronounces it as: sà-yăam

And another speaker says: sii-yăam.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:39 PM
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Hello Jim,


Thank you very much for your comment and pointed out the mistake.I already inform our quality control team. They will take an action as soon as they can. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions or suggestions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai. 😄


Wish you a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Jim
Monday at 07:56 AM
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"Bangkok is the captial city of Thailand"


capital is the correct spelling.

Thaipod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดีค่ะ ธานที


ขอบคุณสำหรับประโยคของคุณค่ะ ตอนที่ดิฉันอยู่ที่กรุงเทพดิฉันอยากไปซื้อของ but when you write a short name of Bangkok, you need a special symbol กรุงเทพฯ ไปยาลน้อย


เก่งมากค่ะ


สวัสดีค่ะ

Parisa


Team ThaiPod101.com

Thaipod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:42 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดีค่ะ ธานที


ขอบคุณสำหรับประโยคของคุณค่ะ ตอนที่ดิฉันอยู่ที่กรุงเทพดิฉันอยากไปซื้อของ but when you write a short name of Bangkok, you need a special symbol กรุงเทพฯ ไปยาลน้อย


เก่งมากค่ะ


สวัสดีค่ะ

ครูน้อยหน่า


Team ThaiPod101.com

Thanh Thi Nguyen
Friday at 12:45 AM
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ตอนที่ดิฉันอยู่ที่กรุงเทพดิฉันอยากไปซื้อของ

www.thaipod101.com
Wednesday at 05:06 PM
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Hello Kami,


Thank you very much for your comment. I wish you success in learning Thai. Please let me know if you need any future assistants. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

kami
Wednesday at 08:49 AM
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:innocent: hello every one

i can't read thai but i will learn it

so for me i want to have a walk and eat thai dish with friends

Thaipod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:21 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Clark,


Thank you very much for your comment. We really appreciated. This lesson is an advance so the quiz is all in Thai. Good that you trying to learn how to read Thai. Cheer up :) You will get better soon I believe. Please let us know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com