Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jing: สวัสดีค่ะ sà-wàt-dii khâ. I’m Jing, and welcome to ThaiPod101.com!
Ohm: Hi everyone, I’m Ohm. This is Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 10 - Pretty Can be a Noun in Thailand. In this lesson, you'll learn about using แอบ with verbs to say an action is done in secret.
Jing: The conversation takes place at a restaurant.
Ohm: It’s between Gong and his friend Go.
Jing: The speakers are very close friends, so they’ll be using impolite Thai.
Ohm: Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Ohm: Hey Khru Jing, can you explain what a “pretty” is in Thailand?
Jing: Ah yes, พริตตี้ ‘phrít-dtîi’ in Thai is what we call those product presenter models. You know, those gorgeous young women whose job is to stand around and look pretty.
Ohm: OK, I see. They’re the beautiful models companies use to get your attention, and hopefully keep your attention long enough to notice the product as well.
Jing: Yes. For a young girl with the right looks, it can be a good way to earn some money. But the competition is really stiff.
Ohm: To the point that they turn to plastic surgery?
Jing: That’s right. Most pretties will get a nose job, and there’s all sorts of injections for beauty that they try to get too.
Ohm: Is all that really necessary?
Jing: I don’t know. I’ve heard in the news about underground beauty treatments that went bad. I’m sure some girls wish they could undo those.
Ohm: I guess people will do almost anything if there’s an incentive. Well, now let’s take a look at the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Ohm: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase we’ll look at is....
Jing: ช่วย...หน่อย ‘chûuai...nàwy’
Ohm: This pattern is used often for making polite requests.
Jing: That’s right. ช่วย ‘chûuai’ is the verb “to help”. And หน่อย ‘nàwy’ means “a little”. It makes the request more humble.
Ohm: I see. In the conversation, the speaker was just asking for help in general. But if you want to ask for help doing something specific, the action can be placed between ช่วย ‘chûuai’ and หน่อย ‘nàwy’.
Jing: That’s right. For example, someone might say...
ช่วยเปิดประตูหน่อย
chûuai bpòoet bprà-dtuu nàwy.
Ohm: “Help by opening the door.” OK, what’s the second phrase?
Jing: มันดูเวอร์ไป ‘man duu wôoe bpai’
Ohm: This is an expression that means “That’s going overboard” or “That’s taking things too far.”
Jing: Yeah, that’s about right. The key word here is เวอร์ ‘wôoe’. It’s a shorter form of the English loanword โอเวอร์ ‘oo-wôoe.’
Ohm: So you mean “over” as in “overdoing it” or “overacting”?
Jing: Yes, you got it. You can use โอเวอร์ ‘oo-wôoe’ or just เวอร์ ‘wôoe’ anytime something is too exaggerated.
Ohm: What do the rest of the words in the phrase mean?
Jing: มัน ‘man’ is the pronoun “it”. And ดู ‘duu’ is the verb “to look”, but in this case it means “to seem”. Finally, ไป ‘bpai’ is used at the end of the phrase to mean “too much”.
Ohm: Alright. And the whole phrase once again was?
Jing: มันดูเวอร์ไป ‘man duu wôoe bpai’
Ohm: Great. Now what’s the last phrase we want to look at today?
Jing: ทำความรู้จัก ‘tham khwaam-rúu-jàk’
Ohm: This means “to get to know”.
Jing: Yes, that’s right. รู้จัก ‘rúu-jàk’ is the verb “to know” or “to be familiar with”. And ความ ‘khwaam’ is a prefix that turns the verb into a noun.
Ohm: So ความรู้จัก ‘khwaam-rúu-jàk’ means “familiarity”.
Jing: Yes. That makes ทำความรู้จัก ‘tham khwaam-rúu-jàk’ mean “to make familiar” or “to get to know”.
Ohm: OK, now let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Ohm: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use แอบ ‘àaep’ with verbs to say an action is done in secret.
Jing: แอบ ‘àaep’ is a verb meaning “to hide” or “to sneak”.
Ohm: And we can use it with other verbs, right?
Jing: That’s right. You can put แอบ ‘àaep’ before another verb to say that something is being done “secretly” or “hidden”.
Ohm: What was the first example from the conversation?
Jing: We had the sentence...กูแอบมองมานานละ แต่ไม่กล้าจีบ ‘guu àaep maawng maa naan lá. dtàae mâi glâa jìip’.
Ohm: “I’ve been watching her for awhile, but I don’t have the courage to hit on her.”
Jing: The key words here are แอบมอง ‘àaep maawng’. The meaning of มอง ‘maawng’ is “to look at”.
Ohm: So แอบมอง ‘àaep maawng’ can mean “to look at in secret” or “to watch without being known”.
Jing: Yeah, that’s right. If you แอบมอง ‘àaep maawng’ it’s like you are spying on someone.
Ohm: OK, well then, what’s the second example of แอบ ‘àaep’ from the conversation?
Jing: แค่ถามชื่อหรือทำอะไรก็ได้ให้เค้ารู้ว่ามึงแอบชอบเค้าอยู่
‘khâae thǎam chûue rǔue tham à-rai gâaw dâai hâi kháo rúu wâa mueng àaep châawp kháo yùu.’
Ohm: “Just ask her name or do whatever so that she’ll know you like her.”
Jing: In this case, the key words are แอบชอบ ‘àaep châawp’, which can mean “to secretly like” or “to like while hiding your feelings”.
Ohm: I see. So if you แอบชอบ ‘àaep châawp’ that makes you someone’s secret admirer.
Jing: Exactly.
Ohm: Are there any other common verb combinations that go with แอบ ‘àaep’?
Jing: Well, there’s many that you can use. But two of the most common ones are แอบฟัง ‘àaep fang’ and แอบดู ‘àaep duu’. Can you guess what they mean?
Ohm: Let’s see. ฟัง ‘fang’ means “to listen”, so I guess แอบฟัง ‘àaep fang’ would mean “to eavesdrop”.
Jing: Yes, that’s right.
Ohm: And ดู ‘duu’ is the verb “to watch”, so I guess แอบดู ‘àaep duu’ must mean “to peek at”.
Jing: Very good! แอบดู ‘àaep duu’ and แอบมอง ‘àaep maawng’ are quite similar in meaning -- “to take a peek” or “to spy on”.

Outro

Ohm: Ok listeners, that's it for this lesson. Make sure to check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Jing: แล้วเจอกันใหม่ láaeo jooe gan mài

16 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Do you also have phrít-dtîi girls in your country?

ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:39 am
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Hi again Martin,


I means also about the feeling and you can't help it. It's just happen naturally.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:35 am
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Hello Martin,


Thank you very much. These two are ending particle.

นี่ end of sentences to emphasis

หว่า end an unsure sentences.

นี่หว่า together as an ending particle, show something happen and you can't help.

Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Martin
Sunday at 5:39 am
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Hello,

I do not completely understand the sentence กูไม่กล้านี่หว่า. What is the meaning of นี่ and หว่า here?


Thank you,

Martin

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 1:36 pm
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Hello Anne,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. We have this wonderful resource of reading lesson. Please check it out and let me know if that would be able to help you. https://www.thaipod101.com/index.php?cat=38 If you already read a little bit you can still check all system in order to get better at it. To write Thai can not be from feeling of how to spell word. You have to really remember word spelling by practice writing what you want to speak and chat with Thai person on your daily life basis. Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Anne11q4
Saturday at 5:02 pm
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Hello ThaiPod101.


If have a question but it have nothing to do with the lesson. I hope its okay with you guys.?

I was born in Thailand, so I do understand thai, when its a conversation. But I haven't learned to write or read, before I left Thailand. My mom is still lives over there, so I want to learn how to read and write thai so I can talk to her.

I can read a little bit. But the most of the time I predict the words in the sentence.

Do you guys know how I can improve my writing and reading skills?

Thank-You anyways! :)

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 11:17 pm
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สวัสดีค่ะ John,


Thank you very much for your comment and joined our lesson activity. Well done as always. พริตตี้ ที่เมืองไทยส่วนใหญ่ขายรถ และสินค้าเกี่ยวกับสุขภาพความงาม ไม่เคยเห็นเขาขายบุหรี่นะคะ เคยเห็นตามงานอีเว้นท์ ถ้าขายเบียร์เราเรียกว่า สาวเชียร์เบียร์

Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

John
Friday at 8:34 pm
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เข้าใจแล้วครับ มีครับ แต่พริตตี้ในอินโดนีเซียมักจะขายบุหรี่ กับ salesgirl เหมือนกันล่ะมั้ง

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Friday at 8:22 pm
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สวัสดีค่ะ John,


ครูคิดว่าเขาจะถามว่า ประเทศคุณมีพริตตี้ ‘phrít-dtîi’ pretty ไหม คุณคิดเหมือนครูไหม


สวัสดีค่ะ

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

John
Thursday at 1:29 pm
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ไม่เข้าใจคำถามครับ ผู้หญิงมีเยอะแยะมากมาย คุณแม่ของผมเป็นผู้หญิง 555

www.thaipod101.com
Tuesday at 10:20 am
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Hello Sai,


Thank you for your comment. For your question, “kháo” is originally “khǎo” from it spelling but "hight tone" is how we speak. Hope that help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com