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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ ดิฉันกิตติยาค่ะ (sà-wàt-dii khâ. dì-chǎn Kittaya khâ )
Hi everybody! I’m Kittaya.
Welcome to ThaiPod101.com’s “Learn Thai in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Thai.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the word mâi, which is "not / don’t".
In this lesson, we will start to learn how to properly use Thai adjectives.
Adjectives in Thai are not as easy as in English.
The basic rule in English is to put the adjectives in front of the noun but in Thai it’s the other way around, we put it after noun, for example ;
beautiful flower - “ดอกไม้สวย(dàawk-máai sǔuai) (Flower (is) beautiful)”
[slowly] “ดอกไม้สวย(dàawk-máai sǔuai)
Let’s start with another example: รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao) - "a white car" รถ(rót) is car สีขาว(sǐi-khǎao) is white, so together is รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao)
[slowly] รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao)
ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai) - ผู้หญิง(phûu-yǐng) is Woman and สวย(sǔuai) is beautiful, so ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai) is the beautiful woman
[slowly] ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai)
Let’s try one more,
หนังสนุก(nǎng sà-nùk), หนัง(nǎng) is movie and สนุก(sà-nùk) is fun so together is หนังสนุก(nǎng sà-nùk) , the fun movie.
So, how do we use an adjective in a sentence?
Thais always use a “classifier word” in front of the adjec tive.
Let’s see a similar sentence:
หมวกใบนี้สวย(mùuak bai níi sǔuai) - "this hat is beautiful"
First we say หมวก(mùuak), which is just “hat.”
Then we add ใบนี้(bai níi), which is a special expression we use to count hats. It’s what we call the classifier.
Then we put สวย(sǔuai) which means “beautiful.”
Now, can you help me make an adjective sentence?
“This woman is beautiful” the classifier for humans is “คน(khon)” and adjective “beautiful” is “สวย(sǔuai)”
ผู้หญิงคนนี้สวย(phûu-yǐng khon níi sǔuai)
“This movie is fun” the classifier for movies is “เรื่อง(rûueang)” and the adjective fun is “สนุก(sà-nùk)”
หนังเรื่องนี้สนุก(nǎng rûueang níi sà-nùk)
To practice this, let’s see some examples:
If you want to say "My house is big" you will say บ้านของฉันหลังใหญ่(bâan khǎawng chǎn lǎng yài). ของฉัน(khǎawng chǎn) is “my” and หลัง(lǎng) is the classifier for houses.
Now it’s time for Kittaya’s Insights.
If you want to show emphasis on an adjective in Thai, you can use the word มาก(mâak) before adjectives. For example, in สวยมาก(sǔuai mâak) which is "really beautiful" or อร่อยมาก(à-ràuy mâak) to say "really delicious."
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use adjectives in Thai and how to arrange them correctly in the sentence.
Next time we’ll learn the basic use of verb bpai, which means "to go". Do you know how to use this in Thai? If not, I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next Learn Thai in 3 minutes. สวัสดีค่ะ(sà-wàt-dii khâ)

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 4:32 pm
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Hello Robert,


Thank you very much. Yes, "mâak" is place after adjective. I think she just speak it in correctly in the video. I will inform our team about that. Please let me know if you have any questions in the future. I will be glad to help.

Thanks again and hope you have a great day.



Parisa


Team ThaiPod101.com

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Robert
Friday at 11:57 pm
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I believe there is a mistake in the explanation at 2:54. The video says that if you want to add emphasis, you can use the word mâak before adjectives. I believe the word mâak should actually be used after the adjective, not before.


The "Language Tip" in the lesson notes also contains this same explanation. It currently says this:


If you want to place emphasis on an adjective in Thai, you can use the word mâak before it. For example, in sǔuai mâak, which is "really beautiful" or à-ràwy mâak which is "really delicious."


The "Language Tip" first says that you can use the word mâak before an adjective, but then the example shows that you should actually place the word mâak after the adjective.

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ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 7:12 pm
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Hello Randal,


Thank you very much for your comment and question.  You can check them out on our Thai Grammar Bank search and download directly from lessons notes.

https://www.thaipod101.com/thai-grammar/

Search for "Thai classifier". Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai language.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Randal
Friday at 3:13 pm
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Is it possible for Thaipod to make a download for the most commonly used nous classifiers as this is a very important part of the grammar. Thanks.

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 2:10 pm
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Hello Marcus,

Thank you very much for your comment and question. Yes, there is a difference between masculine usage and feminine usage. Men would say บ้าน(ของ)ผม women say: บ้าน(ของ)ฉัน The word ของ can be omit. Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any questions in the future. I will be glad to help. We wish you have a good progress with Thai.


Have a great weekend.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Marcus
Saturday at 2:31 pm
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Hi there,


I noticed that the example "My house is big." contains the word ของฉัน(my, mine).

Is there a difference between masculine usage and feminine usage?

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:45 pm
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Hello Tom,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. There are a lot of classifier but there are some of them here we often use.

kon คน people

dtuua ตัว animals, clothes, tables, chairs, letters of alphabet, cigarettes etc.

lêm เล่ม books, notebooks, magazines, *knives, *candles

an อัน pieces of candy, ashtrays, round object, objects with unknown classifiers.

lûuk ลูก fruit, mountains, balls and other round things.

Hope that's help. Please let’s know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Tom
Sunday at 6:30 pm
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Hi there,


Interesting lesson. I am little confused with the classifiers, as they all seem different for every adjective. How many classifiers are there? How do I learn them all for each adjective? Is there a simple pattern that they follow or a rule to simplify how they work? I understand where to put them in the sentence and how to construct the sentence, just not sure how to learn them all if they are all different for each new adjective I will learn. Thanks, hope that makes sense and you can help me out!


Tom

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WWW.ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 5:25 pm
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Hi William,


Thank you very much for your comment. For your question, classifier are using after a nouns or pronouns that there describe. For example: dàawk-mái suai become "dàak-mái dàawk-níi suai" / rót-sii kaao become "rót kan-níi sii kaao". Hope that help.


Have a great day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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William
Monday at 2:03 am
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How do I know what classifiers to use?