Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Ohm: สวัสดีครับ
Ja: Hello, and welcome back to ThaiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 6: “Make Sure You Don’t Leave Anything at Your Thai Hotel!” I'm Ja.
Ohm: And I'm Ohm. What are we going to learn in this lesson?
Ja: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express ownership.
Ohm: This conversation takes place at a hotel on Koh Lanta island.
Ja: It’s between two friends, Nok and Dao.
Ohm: The speakers are friends, so they'll be using casual Thai.
Ja: Alright, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

นก : ดาวเห็นไดร์เป่าผมของเรามั้ย
ดาว : อันนี้รึเปล่า
นก : ไม่ใช่ นั่นของโรงแรม ของเราสีแดง
ดาว: หาทั่วแล้วเหรอ ลองหาดูอีกทีซิ
Ja: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
นก : ดาวเห็นไดร์เป่าผมของเรามั้ย
ดาว : อันนี้รึเปล่า
นก : ไม่ใช่ นั่นของโรงแรม ของเราสีแดง
ดาว: หาทั่วแล้วเหรอ ลองหาดูอีกทีซิ
Ja: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
นก : ดาวเห็นไดร์เป่าผมของเรามั้ย
: Dao, have you seen my hair dryer?
ดาว : อันนี้รึเปล่า
: Is this it?
นก : ไม่ใช่ นั่นของโรงแรม ของเราสีแดง
: No. That's the hotel's. Mine is red.
ดาว: หาทั่วแล้วเหรอ ลองหาดูอีกทีซิ
: You looked everywhere already? Try looking for it again.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Ja: Ohm, how do you think Thai hotels compare with those in other countries?
Ohm: It all depends on the hotel, guesthouse, or resort that you choose. Some are excellent and some are not so great.
Ja: Overall the value is better than in most western countries, wouldn't you say?
Ohm: Yes, you can get a pretty nice three- or four-star hotel room a lot cheaper than a comparable room in some other countries. What do you think about the English-language ability of Thai hotel staff?
Ja: Well, that also depends on the hotel. In some cheaper places you can't really expect the staff to speak English so well.
Ohm: Right, so if you want to stay at cheap hotels in Thailand, you should practice your Thai so you can tell the staff exactly what you need!
Ja: Exactly, and that's a good motivation for studying Thai! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Ja: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word is…
Ohm: เห็น [natural native speed]
Ja: to see
Ohm: เห็น [slowly - broken down by syllable] เห็น [natural native speed]
Ja: The next word is...
Ohm: ไดร์เป่าผม [natural native speed]
Ja: hair dryer
Ohm: ไดร์เป่าผม [slowly - broken down by syllable] ไดร์เป่าผม [natural native speed]
Ja: Next we have...
Ohm: ของ [natural native speed]
Ja: of, thing
Ohm: ของ [slowly - broken down by syllable] ของ [natural native speed]
Ja: Next...
Ohm: เรา [natural native speed]
Ja: I, we
Ohm: เรา [slowly - broken down by syllable] เรา [natural native speed]
Ja: The next word is...
Ohm: รึเปล่า [natural native speed]
Ja: or not?
Ohm: รึเปล่า [slowly - broken down by syllable] รึเปล่า [natural native speed]
Ja: Next we have...
Ohm: โรงแรม [natural native speed]
Ja: hotel
Ohm: โรงแรม [slowly - broken down by syllable] โรงแรม [natural native speed]
Ja: Next...
Ohm: สีแดง [natural native speed]
Ja: red
Ohm: สีแดง [slowly - broken down by syllable] สีแดง [natural native speed]
Ja: Our last word is...
Ohm: ทั่ว [natural native speed]
Ja: throughout
Ohm: ทั่ว [slowly - broken down by syllable] ทั่ว [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Ja: Let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the key words and phrases from this lesson. The first one is...
Ohm: เรา
Ja: This is a first person pronoun that can mean either "I" or "we."
Ohm: When you use it to mean "I," เรา (rao) is more casual than the polite pronouns ผม (phǒm) or ดิฉัน (dì-chǎn), and it can also be used by speakers of both genders.
Ja: Usually you can tell the meaning from the context. But if you want to be clear that you mean "we," you can use พวกเรา (phûuak-rao) instead. Okay, what's the next phrase?
Ohm: รึเปล่า
Ja: This is a phrase that means "or not?" It’s used at the end of a sentence, right?
Ohm: That's right. Actually, the proper written form is หรือเปล่า, but we usually say it รึเปล่า in conversational Thai.
Ja: You can put it at the end of a sentence to make a type of yes or no question that asks for a confirmation. For example..
Ohm: อันนี้รึเปล่า.
Ja: Meaning, "Is this it?" And the literal translation of this sentence would be "This or not?"
Ohm: That's right.
Ja: So what's the last vocabulary word we want to focus on?
Ohm: ทั่ว
Ja: This is a preposition that means "throughout" or "everywhere."
Ohm: You can use it in phrases such as ทั่วโลก (thûua lôok).
Ja: Meaning, "all around the world."
Ohm: Or ทั่วประเทศ (thûua bprà-thêet).
Ja: Meaning "throughout the nation." And you usually use this type of phrase after a verb or at the end of a sentence, right?
Ohm: Yes, that's right. For example, หาทั่วแล้วเหรอ.
Ja: That’s from our dialogue, and it means, "You looked everywhere already?" Okay, now let's move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Ja: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express ownership.
Ohm: You can use the word ของ (khǎawng) to show ownership of objects.
Ja: ของ (khǎawng) can also be a noun that means "thing," but when it comes between two nouns, it indicates that the second noun is the owner of the first one. So you can think of it as acting like the "apostrophe S" in English.
Ohm: Yes, that's right. But keep in mind that the word order is different.
Ja: What's the correct order?
Ohm: “A ของ (khǎawng) B” means that B is the owner of A.
Ja: How about we look at a couple of examples to illustrate this?
Ohm: Good idea! หนังสือของจอห์น
Ja: Meaning, "John's book."
Ohm: เสื้อของแม่
Ja: "Mother's shirt." As you heard in both examples, the object that’s owned comes first in the phrase.
Ohm: Yes, then we have the word ของ (khǎawng), followed by the owner.
Ja: If it helps, you can think of the word order being "A of B."
Ohm: That's a good tip. Then the phrase เสื้อของแม่ (sûuea khǎawng mâae) can be translated as "shirt of mother."
Ja: We can also use ของ (khǎawng) to make possessive pronouns such as "my," "your," and "his," or "her." It's quite simple, we just use a Thai pronoun instead of a person's name after ของ (khǎawng). There are many of these because Thai has so many pronouns. Okay, how about we go over some of the more common ones?
Ohm: Sure. Let's start with ของฉัน (khǎawng chǎn)
Ja: Which means "my."
Ohm: ของคุณ (khǎawng khun)
Ja: "Your."
Ohm: ของพวกเรา (khǎawng phûuak-rao)
Ja: "Our."
Ohm: ของเขา (khǎawng khǎo)
Ja: "His" or "her."
Ohm: ของพวกเขา (khǎawng phûuak-khǎo)
Ja: "Their."
Ohm: ของมัน (khǎawng man)
Ja: "Its." Listeners, do you remember that we can omit words from Thai sentences when the speaker and listener both know what’s being talked about from the context? So in this situation, we don't need to include the object that is being owned.
Ohm: Exactly. For example, in the conversation, Nok said, นั่นของโรงแรม ของเราสีแดง.
Ja: "That's the hotel's. Mine is red." In this case, we know that they're talking about a hair dryer because it was mentioned in the first line of the dialogue.
Ohm: Right, when Nok asked, ดาวเห็นไดร์เป่าผมของเรามั้ย.
Ja: "Dao, have you seen my hair dryer?" And the key words in that sentence were…
Ohm: ไดร์เป่าผมของเรา
Ja: "My hair dryer."
Ohm: Well, it looks like that's all the time we have for this lesson.
Ja: Be sure to check out the lesson notes for more examples and explanations.
MARKETING PIECE
Ja: Listeners, do you ever have any Thai language or lesson-related questions?
Ohm: Or maybe you have some feedback for us...
Ja: Leave us a comment or ask a question on the lessons page!
Ohm: It's super simple. Go to ThaiPod101.com...
Ja: ...click on comments,
Ohm: ...enter your comment and name,
Ja: ...and that's it!
Ohm: Commenting is a great way to practice writing and reading in Thai.
Ja: It helps you learn faster.
Ohm: And it helps us get better through your feedback.
Ja: No excuses.
Ohm: Go to ThaiPod101.com, and comment now.
Ja: NOW!

Outro

Ja: Thanks for listening, and we'll see you in the next lesson. Bye!
Ohm: แล้วเจอกันนะครับ สวัสดีครับ

11 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! Have you ever forgotten anything in a hotel? 

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 2:35 am
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Hello Joanne,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. มอง (maaung) is to look at something around you for example มองทะเล มองคน มองตา มองหน้า เห็น (hen) is to see things around eyes vision มองเห็น is to be able to see which is sometimes interchangeable with เห็น

Hope you understand and can use Thai word correctly. Please let us know if you need any future help. Wish you have a good progress in learning Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

joanne
Thursday at 7:55 pm
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สวัสดีค่ะคุณครู,


I'm glad to say I haven't forgotten anything in a hotel yet.


My question is, What is the difference between มอง (maaung) and เห็น (hen) or มองเห็น (maaung hen)?


Thank you,


joanne

www.thaipod101.com
Thursday at 11:56 pm
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Hi Sai,


Yes, we do omitted the word “khǎawng” in a conversation.


Regards,

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

sai
Wednesday at 2:21 pm
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Hello


Can we omit "khǎawng" in conversation, I saw in some dialogues it is omitted.


Sai

www.thaipod101.com
Saturday at 7:51 pm
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Hi Philip,


I think you can find an explanation of all those words in a previous or later on lesson. One way that you can find an explanation for new word is by using our dictionary. Now let me explain those word to you. "hǎa" mean "to look for", "rooe" is a speaking version of "rǔue" which is a question particle and " laawng" means "to try". Hope that help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

philip robinson
Friday at 1:22 pm
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you don't give an explanation to the final sentence. what does haa mean also rooe and laawng.

www.thaipod101.com
Friday at 10:00 pm
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Hello Sedat,


Thank you very much for your feedback. We really appreciated. Please let us know if you need any future help.

Wish you have a good progress in learning Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Sedat Ayhan
Friday at 12:28 am
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What a perfect lesson again :) I am happy to use this website na krub :sunglasses:

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 1:31 pm
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Hello Token,


Thank you very much for your comment. We glad you like our lessons.


Thank again for cheering us and have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

TokenToy
Monday at 5:33 pm
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Hi TP,


Thank you for another great real world lesson about life in Thailand. Wherever do you get your inspiration for these lesson stories?