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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters จ ต and ป. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 3 more vowels plus words with consonant clusters.
First let's look at a new vowel. It's called สระ เอา (sà-rà ao). It makes the vowel sound "ao" like the OW in "how". สระ เอา is a short vowel, but it counts as a long vowel for determining the tone.
To write สระ เอา, all you have to do is write สระ เอ before the consonant and สระ อา after the consonant.
Take a look at this word. Can you read it?
The initial consonant is ม. And we write สระ เอา, with สระ เอ before and สระ อา after the consonant. So this word is เมา (mao), which means "drunk".
สระ เอา is a live syllable ending, so เมา is said with a mid tone.
Let's practice writing it.
สระ เอ, ม, สระ อา, เมา
Next let's take a look at a new pair of vowels. These two symbols are called สระไอ ไม้มลาย (sà-rà ai mái-má-laai) and สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน (sà-rà ai mái-múuan). They both make the short vowel sound "ai" like the I in "Hi".
Just like สระ เอา, สระไอ is a short vowel, but it counts as a live syllable ending for determining the tone.
Both versions of สระไอ are written to the left of a consonant.
Let's write these.
สระไอ ไม้มลาย is used more often. Start with a clockwise head at the bottom, draw a tall vertical line, then finish with a little zig-zag at the top. สระไอ ไม้มลาย
สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน is only used in a handful of words. You start writing it the same way, but at the top you make a curl. สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน
We can use สระไอ to write the word ไกล (glai), which means "far".
ไกล has an initial consonant cluster. ก and ล blend together to make the sound "gl" like the GL in the word "glue".
So the vowel sound ไอ (ai) comes after both of the consonants.
There are only 3 letters that make consonant clusters when they follow other consonants. These are ร, ล, and ว .
This is a big difference from English, which can make clusters from just about any combination of consonants.
Take a look at the word ใคร (khrai). This is the question "who?" The two letters ค and ร combine to make an initial consonant cluster with the sound "khr", like the CR in "crash".
Let's write those two words.
สระไอ ไม้มลาย, ก, ล...ไกล
and
สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน, ค, ร... ใคร
This is a good spot to introduce a new symbol. It's called ไม้ยมก (mái-yá-mók). [ ๆ ]
This symbol is used to show that a word should be repeated.
For example, if we add ไม้ยมก to the end of ใคร which means ‘’who’’, it makes ใครๆ (khrai-khrai), which means "anyone".
Let's try writing it together.
สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน, ค, ร, ไม้ยมก.
That makes ใครๆ
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
There are only 20 words in Thai that use สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน, but some of them are very common words, so you'll see it often. This means you'll just have to memorize which words use it. When you're not sure about how to spell a word, it is better to try writing it from memory first, and then check afterwards to see if you spelled it right. This gives your brain a chance to exercise its power of recall instead of depending on a dictionary all the time.
Can you write the Thai word for "island"? First you'll need a new consonant. In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn that and much more! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

29 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using  เอา (Ao), ไอ ไม้มลาย (Ai mái-má-laai), ใอ ไม้ม้วน (Ai mái-múuan), and ไม้ยมก (Mái-yá-mók)?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 2:50 pm
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Hello Preston,


Thank you for comment. No, that is incorrect. ม is "m" follow by vowel ไ "ái", so become "mái". Hope that's help. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Wish you a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Preston
Thursday at 12:56 am
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Why the second consanant ม in ไม้มลาย is "ma" instead of "mo"? In last lesson, we learnt that if an consonant ends with another consonant without vowel, 'o' is omitted, right?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 7:26 pm
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Hello Arc,


Thank you for questions. No, both are not exchangeable. “ใ” only be used for 20 words. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Arc
Wednesday at 9:10 pm
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“ไ” & “ใ” can either be used in a word or sentence since they are just the same vowel?🤔

ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 9:11 pm
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Hello Balleto,


Thanks. I'm sorry to hear that. I will let our team check and will let you know. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Balleto
Monday at 12:11 pm
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I cannot play the video

ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:39 pm
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Hello Tony,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. เ-า is a short vowel which is consider as a long vowel when applying to tone rule. While า or าว are long vowel. เยา is not a word by itself. Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tony
Monday at 12:48 pm
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I am trying to understand the spelling of ยาว (long, "yaao"). Why does this not use the เ_า vowel [สระ เอา (sà-rà ao)]? Which lesson covers the าว vowel/dipthong?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 5:23 pm
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Hello Tony,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. ๆ is not only used for repeat words no matter how many syllable it is Ex: มีเสียงตะโกนว่า “ไฟไหม้ๆ” read as มีเสียงตะโกนว่า ไฟไหม้ ไฟไหม้ , repeat phrase and sentences. Hope that’s help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any more questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tony
Sunday at 5:39 am
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Regarding the repetition character -- (mái-yá-mók) [ ๆ ] -- how do we know how much to repeat? Is it only the preceding syllable? What if the word is a multi-syllable word?