Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ศ, ษ, and ส. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about two high class consonants and two vowels.
The 2 new consonants for this lesson look very similar to a pair of consonants that we already learned. Here are ผ (phǎaw phûeng) and ฝ (fǎaw fǎa). The word ผึ้ง (phûeng) means "bee", and ฝา (fǎa) means a "lid" or "cover".
As you can see, ผ and ฝ look almost the same as พ and ฟ. The only difference is the direction that the heads are written. ผ and ฝ have counter-clockwise heads, which leaves the head inside the letter.
But พ and ฟ have clockwise heads, which makes the head stick outside the letter.
This pair of letters make the same sounds as their cousins. ผ and พ both make an initial sound "ph" like the P in "pig". And ฝ and ฟ both make the sound "f" like the F in "fan". All four letters make a P-stop as a final consonant.
Let's practice writing both new letters, using counter clockwise heads for both.
Here is ผ. And then ฝ.
We can use ฝ to write the word ฝน (fǒn), which means "rain". ฝ is the initial consonant, and น is the final consonant. Remember the rule about สระ โอะ from lesson 9? A word containing only two consonants and nothing else will have the short vowel sound สระ โอะ, but the สระ โอะ itself isn't written.
So when writing it, you just have ฝ and น -- the สระ โอะ is unwritten... ฝน (fǒn).
ฝน is a rising tone because we have a high class initial with a live syllable ending.
You can remember that the missing vowel in words with a single syllable, such as ฝน, will be สระ โอะ. However, words with more than one syllable will often have สระ อะ as an unwritten syllable.
For example, here is the word ผนัง (phà-nǎng), which means "wall". In this case, we can see that there is a vowel symbol ไม้หันอากาศ written above the second consonant, น. This shows us that น has to be treated as an initial consonant for a syllable. The syllable has the short vowel sound สระ อะ written with ไม้หันอากาศ, and the final sound "ng" coming from the consonant ง.
But that leaves the consonant ผ all by itself in the front. Thai consonants need some vowel sound to make noise, so we give ผ a short vowel sound สระ อะ right after it.
This first syllable ผะ (phà) is a low tone because it has a high class initial consonant with a short vowel to make a dead ending.
Then what happens is the high class consonant gives its tone quality to the letter that follows it. This is because there was no written vowel in the middle.
So in this case, น will act like a high class consonant. The syllable has a live ending, so it is said with a rising tone.
ผนัง (phà-nǎng)
Something similar happens in the word ขนม (khà-nǒm), which means "snack". This word is a little bit more tricky because it has 2 unwritten vowels. There is an unwritten สระ อะ after ข. And there is an unwritten สระ โอะ between น and ม.
The first syllable (khà) is low tone, and the second syllable (nǒm) is rising tone because the high class consonant ข has an effect on both syllables.
Do you remember the sound of this syllable? It's สระ อื (sà-rà uue). The next pair of vowels we are going to learn sound like a combination of สระ อื (sà-rà uue) and สระ อะ (sà-rà à).
These are called สระ เอือะ (sà-rà ùea) สระ เอือ (sà-rà uuea).
สระ เอือ is written using สระ เอ before the consonant, สระ อื above the consonant, and อ after the consonant.
The short vowel, สระ เอือะ, can be written by adding สระ อะ onto the end of this.
Let's write them:
สระ เอือะ (sà-rà ùea), สระ เอือ (sà-rà uuea).
We can use สระ เอือ to write the word เมือง (muueang), which means "city" or "country". The initial consonant is ม, which makes a sound like the letter M. It has the vowel สระ เอือ written around it. And the final consonant is ง.
Let's practice writing เมือง together.
สระ เอ, ม, สระ อื, อ, ง... เมือง
เมือง is said with a mid tone because it has a low class initial consonant and a live syllable endling.
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
It may take some time in the beginning to figure out where unwritten vowels should go, especially with long words. But after a while you'll begin to notice patterns in words that have similar spellings. So the more you practice reading, the easier it will become to read new words that you come across.
Do you know which animal is called หมี (mǐi) in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn what it means, and most of all, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

44 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What Thai words can you write using ผ (Phǎaw phûeng), ฝ (Fǎaw fǎa), เอือะ (Short uea), or เอือ (Long uea)?

Dani
Saturday at 09:41 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I'm a little confused on the tone aspect of this lesson. In a word with multiple syllables, is each syllable its own tone? So ขนม has the first syllable as low and then the second syllable is rising?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:14 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Jin,


Thank you. If there are two consonant together with out vowels show and their are not cluster, then yes vowel โอ๊ะ hidden would be apply. ฝน คน จน สน มน Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Jin
Friday at 10:19 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

when a initial consonant requires lending from the next syllable, how are the vowels that would be used for the initial consonant to get attached gets decides? would it always be สระ โอะ for initial consonant to get attached to?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ron,


Thank you very much. I would suggested. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Ron
Tuesday at 07:23 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi, I got to say I'm making great progress on the thai letters . I learned them many years ago but over time i have forgotten a lot. I've always had problems with tones I could never get it right. Could they not put tone indicators above the syllables to indicate tone ?


Thanks

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:17 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Ian,


Thank you. The trick is smile wide and put your chin down at the end to make the sound. Look at Pradthana mount will help you a lot as well. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Ian
Monday at 08:02 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi

From 05:00 to approx 06:40 - despite watching several times I still can't grasp this. Any tips or advice please?


Thanks

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. ตก to fall ลง to go down, also be able to use in this case of "...fall down". ตกลง in the right situation it can means "okay", Just see when it use and what situation surround it. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Friday at 12:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I was studying the sentences that demonstrate how vocabulary from the lesson can be used.


One sentence (ฝน กำลัง ตก ลง บน ถนน) uses the words ตก ลง. Read together, these words (ตกลง) mean "okay" rather than "fall down." Can you explain why there is such different meaning?


Also, is the context of the sentence the only way to determine if ตกลง means "okay" or "fall down?"

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. Yes, you understood right. because there was no written vowel in the first syllable, both น AND ม get the high class effect from ข. the tone effect from ข, both น AND ม because they are together as one syllable. Instead of นม mid tone "milk" it become ขนม (khà-nǒm) "nǒm" rising tone right you see. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com