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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letter ห and the vowels สระ อัวะ and สระ อัว. Do you remember how to write them all? Let’s review them.
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 4 more low class consonants and one vowel…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
Here is the letter ภ (phaaw sǎm-phao). The word สำเภา (sǎm-phao) means a "Chinese junk" - for those of you who don’t know, that is a type of Chinese ship. As an initial consonant, ภ makes the sound "ph" like the P in "pink". As a final consonant, ภ makes a P-stop.
If you look at the shape of ภ you'll notice that it contains the shape of the letter ก.
The only difference is that ภ has a head. This is a counter-clockwise head that sticks out to the left side of the letter.
Let's practice writing ภ together. Have you got your pen ready? Ok, start with the head at the bottom, then make the shape of ก.
We can use ภ to write the word ภูเขา (phuu-khǎo), which means "mountain". ภูเขา has 2 syllables. The first syllable has the initial consonant ภ with the long vowel สระ อู written below.
The second syllable has the initial consonant ข with the vowel สระ เอา.
The first syllable is mid tone, and the second syllable has a rising tone: ภูเขา
Let's write it together.
ภ, สระ อู , สระ เอ, ข, สระ อา. ภูเขา
The second low class consonant for this lesson is called ธ (thaaw thong). The word ธง (thong) means "flag". As an initial consonant, ธ makes an aspirated T sound, like the T in "tennis". As a final consonant, ธ makes a T-stop.
The first thing you might notice about ธ is that it doesn't have a head. There are only 2 Thai consonants that don't have heads: ก and ธ.
You might also notice that the upper portion of ธ is very similar to ร.
Let's practice writing ธ together.
Start with a short vertical line on the left side. Then it turns to make an L shape. And the top part is drawn like the shape of ร.
We can use ธ to write the word ธรรม (tham), which means "the Dharma" or "the teaching of the Buddha".
You might think that ธรรม doesn't have any vowels when you look at it. But actually it does. Whenever you see two ร letters side-by-side, it is actually a special way to write สระ อะ.
But if there are two ร attached to an initial consonant with no final consonant in the syllable, then we pronounce it อัน (an).
We have a special name for the two ร. It’s called “ร หัน”.
So we write the word ธรรม as:
ธ, ร หัน, ม. ธรรม (tham)
Here's the letter ณ (naaw neen). The word เณร (neen) means a "novice monk". ณ makes the sound of the letter N when it's an initial or final consonant.
The shape of ณ looks a little bit like a combination of the letters ก and น.
Let's practice writing ณ together. Start with the head. Make the shape of ก, and finish with the loop on the right side with a vertical line.
ณ is of course used to write the word เณร (neen), which we said means a "novice monk". The initial consonant is ณ. The vowel สระ เอ is written to the left of it. And the final consonant is ร. Remember that ร makes the sound of the letter N when it's a final consonant.
ณ is a low class consonant, and this word has a live ending, so it is said with a mid tone.
The last new consonant for this lesson is ญ (yaaw yǐng). The word หญิง (yǐng) means "woman" or “female.”
ญ makes the sound of letter Y as an initial consonant. And as a final consonant it makes the sound of letter N.
ญ looks a little bit similar to the letter ณ that we just learned.
Let's practice writing ญ together.
Start with the head. Make the shape of ก, and bend back up. Then add the curl under the letter.
Most of the time when you see ญ, it appears in a pair. When this happens, the first ญ will be the final consonant of one syllable, and the second ญ will be the initial consonant of the next syllable. For example, here is the word สัญญา (sǎn-yaa), which means "promise".
The first syllable has the initial consonant ส, with the vowel sound สระ อะ written using ไม้หันอากาศ. Then ญ is the final consonant. So the first syllable makes the sound สัญ (sǎn), with a rising tone.
The second syllable has the initial consonant ญ and the vowel สระ อา. So it makes the sound ญา (yaa) with a mid tone.
Let's write the whole word together.
ส, ไม้หันอากาศ, ญ-ญ , สระ อา. สัญญา
Let's learn one more vowel in this lesson.
Here is สระ อำ (sà-rà am).
สระ อำ is different than other vowels because it includes it's own final consonant sound. สระ อำ is like a combination of สระ อะ and ม.
To write it, we draw a tiny circle above the consonant, and then สระ อา is drawn to the right. When spelling a word, we will say สระ อำ to mean the entire symbol.
For example, here is the word ดำ (dam), which means "black". We spell the word ดำ as ด, สระ อำ.
Because it has the sound ม built into it, สระ อำ always forms a live syllable, and it never has a final consonant behind it. Any letters that follow สระ อำ will be the beginning of the next syllable.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Point.
Congratulations! So far you've learned all of the tone rules that are based purely on spelling. After this you'll learn how the 4 tone marks can be used to give different tones to words. The tone marks work differently for different consonant classes. So it's important to remember which consonant class each letter belongs to. If you can't remember, go back and watch some of the earlier lessons for a review.
Do you know the Thai word for "chicken"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write it correctly. Here's a hint, you'll need to use a tone mark. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

69 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write with the letters you've learned in this lesson?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:39 AM
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Hi Jenn,


Thank you. ฌ เฌอ chaaw-chooe is low class consonant, It make the sound "ch" sound as an initial consonant and make "t stop" final sound. Here are some examples words, ฌอน Sean; Shaun; Shawn [an English given name], ฌาน "chaan" means "Dhyana; meditation; thought; concentration of mind; one-pointed meditation". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We hope you will make good progress with Thai.

Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Jenn
Monday at 10:07 PM
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Hello :)

Just wanted to ask if you could tell me, where I find the lesson about the letter ฌ? It looks very similar to naaw neen, but I think it's a different one. I really looked for it but couldn't find the lesson about it.

Thank you very much for your help and effort!

Josh
Friday at 11:26 AM
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where is the word list and why hasn't this been fixed?? it's obviously missing in error ans I'm really relying in them.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:44 PM
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Hello Sol,


Thank you. We're really appreciated. I would suggested. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Sol
Monday at 11:10 PM
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I'm disappointed that there is no quiz or vocabulary for this lesson.

I really enjoyed it and found it helpful for revising past lessons, hopefully it'll be added.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:21 PM
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Hello เดวิด,


Thank you. There are specific common words that usually use รหัน but การกลั่น is not one of them. There are words like ภรรยา / สวรรค์ / ครรภ์ / จรรยาบรรณ /บรรยากาศ /กรรไกร and etc. You could memorise those there is use รร because there are specific way of reading them. Use dictionary to help you with pronunciation. http://www.thai-language.com/dict

รร is pronounced ◌ัน "n is nonstop final" so รร is live ending. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Thursday at 05:28 AM
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In this lesson, we are taught that when รร (the combination known as รหัน) is attached to an initial consonant and no final consonant is written or pronounced,

รร is pronounced ◌ัน.


After learning this, I wondered why the first syllable of the word การกลั่น isn't written as กรร (so that the entire word is written as กรรกลั่น).


Is the first syllable written as การ rather than กรร because it is very important for the first syllable to have a short vowel sound (rather than a long vowel sound)?


Also, will a syllable ending with รร have a live ending? I think so, since รร makes an 'n-stop' sound.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:23 PM
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Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. For Thai people SW are separate sound even when foreigner try to say swiss for Thai people "sa-wit" สปีโด Also for Thai people is "sa-bpii-doo". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Friday at 07:28 AM
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Sorry, my phone auto-corrected my reply. The correct, 2-syllable pronunciation of Speedo is "Spii-do."

เดวิด
Friday at 07:26 AM
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สวัสดี ปริษา,


I'm from North America, and "Switzerland" is pronounced with 3 syllables in my country's English: "Swit-zer-land." British people pronounce some words differently, but usually with no more syllables than I'm used to.


The Thai language doesn't seem to blend the S and W or the S and P consonants together when they appear next to each other.


For example, I tried to write the swimwear brand Speedo in Thai, but สปีโด (or similar spellings) result in a word with 3 syllables ("sa-pii-do") rather than 2 ("sa-pii-do").