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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the tone marks mái-èek and mái-thoo. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about the other 2 tone marks…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
First up, let's learn about the third tone mark. It's called ไม้ตรี (mái dtrii). It's very easy to remember the name of ไม้ตรี because it sounds like "3" and it's the third tone mark. As you'll see in a future lesson, the shape of ไม้ตรี is exactly the same as the Thai number 7.
To write ไม้ตรี we begin with a small clockwise head. Then we come up and make almost a heart shape. Then there is a sharp hook and the line goes off to the upper right. ไม้ตรี
The rule for using ไม้ตรี with middle class consonants is:
Middle class consonants with ไม้ตรี make a high tone.
One common word that is spelled using ไม้ตรี is โต๊ะ (dtó), which means "table".
The initial consonant is ต. And the vowel is สระ โอะ. There is no final consonant, so we write สระ โอะ using สระ โอ to the left of the consonant and สระ อะ to the right, which indicates that it's a short vowel. Without a tone mark, this would be a low tone since it has a middle class consonant with a dead ending.
However, by writing ไม้ตรี above the consonant, โต๊ะ becomes high tone.
If you've ever been to Bangkok I'm sure you've heard this next word. Can you read it? Here we have the initial middle class consonant ต with the short vowel สระ อุ written below it. Above the letter we have the tone mark ไม้ตรี making a high tone. And the final consonant is ก. So this would be ตุ๊ก (dtúk).
But then we also have the symbol for repeating, ไม้ยมก (mái-yá-mók). It tells us to say the syllable twice. So we have ตุ๊ก ๆ (dtúk-dtúk).
In case you don't know, ตุ๊ก ๆ is the name for the 3-wheeled taxis that you find in Bangkok and other Thai cities.
Let's write ตุ๊ก ๆ together.
ต, สระ อุ , ไม้ตรี , ก, ไม้ยมก.
ตุ๊ก ๆ (dtúk-dtúk).
Now it's time to talk about the fourth and final tone mark. This one is called ไม้จัตวา (mái-jàt-dtà-waa). It just looks like a small plus sign that we can write above the initial consonant. The rule for using ไม้จัตวา and middle class consonants is:
Middle class initial consonant + ไม้จัตวา = rising tone.
One word that uses ไม้จัตวา is เจ๋ง (jěeng).
เจ๋ง is kind of a slang word that means "cool". We write เจ๋ง using จ for the initial consonant. The vowel สระ เอ is written to the left of the initial consonant. We place ไม้จัตวา above the consonant. And the final consonant ง is on the right.
The tone mark ไม้จัตวา gives เจ๋ง a rising tone.
Let's write เจ๋ง together.
สระ เอ, จ , ไม้จัตวา, ง. เจ๋ง (jěeng)
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
The number of words that use ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา are relatively few compared with the number of words that use ไม้เอก and ไม้โท. But very often, words that are spelled using ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา are loanwords from Chinese. Many types of food that are popular in Thailand originated in Southern China. Since Chinese is also a tonal language, we need to use tone marks to copy the original names of Chinese food.
Do you know the Thai word for "a state"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn what it is, and most of all, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา?

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Mike F.
Monday at 11:23 pm
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Where is the vocabulary for this lesson? Since it is missing, we are not able to add it to our wordbanks.


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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 12:15 am
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Hello Sabrina,


Thank you very much. Let me help you. There are 3 classes, Middle / High and Low consonants.

Middle consonant, initial we could used all four tone marks.

High and Low consonants, initial we only used ไม้เอกและไม้โท

Hope that help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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$abrina
Sunday at 8:23 pm
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Hi! Parisa!

Is that Low class consonants only use ไม้เอกและไม้โท?

And when they using with Low class consonants will be ไม้โท and ไม้ตรี?

And what about the high class consonant?

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:45 pm
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Hello Tony,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. Yes, there is a hidden - ะ vowel in the word ไม้จัตวา mái-jàt-dtà-waa and yes ต character the ending un-aspirated "t" in the "jàt" syllable and initial consonant in the "dtà" syllable.Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Tony
Tuesday at 12:51 pm
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Hello, can you please help me understand why ไม้จัตวา is transliterated as mái-jàt-dtà-waa ? Is there an unwritten vowel somewhere? Is the ต character the ending unaspirated "t" in the "jàt" syllable? Or is it the initial consonant in the "dtà" syllable? In the "dtà" syllable, where is the vowel?

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 8:43 pm
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Hello Sonil,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. Tone marks are used for all class of the consonant. Here let me clarified.

4 tone marks are used with Middle class consonants /

only two tone marks are used with High class and low class.

Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Sunil
Sunday at 9:44 pm
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Hii

Does tone marks only work with middle class consonants ? Don't they used with high and low class consonants.

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ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 5:34 pm
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Hi again Ryan,


I just recheck and I get ya. So sorry.


Best regards,

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 5:32 pm
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Hello Ryan,


Thank you very much for your comment and shared your progress. I am not sure, what you trying to say by "Mâi jěeng"? Please, kindly clarified. :)


Thank you very much.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Ryan Thomas
Tuesday at 9:09 pm
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I think that mái-dtrii is the hardest of the tones to pronounce. As if the "dt" sound wasn't hard enough, then you go and throw in a raaw ruuea!! Mâi jěeng! 😄


The other tones; mái-èek, mái-thoo, and mái-jàt-dtà-waa are easier to say.


Mái-jàt-dtà-waa is the most fun to pronounce as it makes it sound as if you can speak some serious Thai (when, so far, I just know some basic greetings: sà-wàt-dii-khráp, sà-baai-dii mǎi khráp. Phǒm chûue Ryan khráp and khǎaw-thôot khráp.


And, of course, khàawp-khun khrap (with a fingers-to-the-bridge-of-the-nose friendly "wai")


I guess maybe we are learning more than we give ourselves credit for.