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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the tone marks mái-dtrii and mái jàt-dtaa-waa. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 2 high class and 2 middle class consonants…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
The first new letter of this lesson is called ถ (thǎaw thǔng). The word ถุง (thǔng) means "bag" or "sack". As an initial consonant, ถุง makes the sound "th" like the T in "top". And as a final consonant it makes a T-stop.
You can see that ถ contains the shape of the letter ก, and looks very similar to another letter, ภ.
Here you see ถ on the left, ก in the middle, and ภ on the right.
The head for ถ is written clockwise and ends up inside the letter. Since ถุง (thǔng) means "bag" you can imagine that the head is some fruit being carried inside a bag. That might help you to tell it apart from ภ, which has the head sticking out to the left.
Are you ready to practice writing?
Let's write ถ together.
Start at the bottom with a clockwise head. Then make the shape of ก
We can use ถ to write the word แถว (thǎaeo), which means "row". The initial consonant is ถ, and the vowel is สระ แอ, which is written on the left side. The final consonant ว makes a sound like the letter O at the end of a syllable. And this blends with the vowel to make the sound แอว (aaeo).
แถว is said with a rising tone because it has a high class consonant and a live syllable ending.
The second high class consonant of this lesson is ฐ (thǎaw thǎan). The word ฐาน (thǎan) means "base" or "platform" ฐ makes the same initial and final sounds as ถ.
You can see that ฐ is one of the most difficult Thai letters to write. But if you take it step by step, it's actually not that difficult.
Think of the top part of ฐ as a combination of the letters จ and ร.
We start with a counter-clockwise head and make the shape of the letter จ. Then add a hook and curving line on top like the letter ร.Then lift your pen up from the paper to write the extra line on the bottom. It starts with a clockwise head, then the line goes to the left with one bump and a curl.
Let's practice writing ฐ together.
The most common word that uses ฐ is รัฐ (rát), which means "state". รัฐ is also used as a prefix for many words that have something to do with government or statehood.
รัฐ has the initial consonant ร sounding like a trilled letter R. The symbol ไม้หันอากาศ is used to show the short vowel สระ อะ. And ฐ is a final consonant making a T-stop. We pronounce รัฐ with a high tone because of the rule: Low class consonant with a dead ending and short vowel makes high tone.
Let's write it together. ร , ไม้หันอากาศ , ฐ . รัฐ (rát)
These are the last 2 middle class consonants. Their names are ฎ (daaw chá-daa) and ฏ (dtaaw bpà-dtàk). The word ชฎา(chá-daa) means a "pointed crown", and the word ปฏัก (bpà-dtàk) means "spear" or "goad".
You can think of these two letters as fancy versions of ด and ต. ฎ makes the same letter D sound as ด. While ฏ makes the same cross between a D and T sound as ต. And all of them make a T-stop when used as a final consonant.
Comparing ฎ and ฏ to the letters ด and ต will help you to remember which one is which. The only difference when writing them is that ฏ has an extra bump in the line on the bottom. This is just like how ต has an extra bump on top. So you can remember that the 2 letters with the extra bump make the same sound.
Let's practice writing ฎ and ฏ as a pair.
Got your pen ready? OK, here we go.
Start writing ฎ with a counter-clockwise head on the bottom. Then make the shape of ก. Extend the line on the right below the head. And make a loop on the left side.
Now let's do ฏ.
Again, start with a counter-clockwise head on the bottom. Then make the shape of ก. Extend the line on the right below the head. Then make one bump in the line going to the left before the loop.
Let's try them both one more time.
ฎ has just a loop on the bottom.
ฏ has a bump and then a loop.
Both of these letters are very uncommon.
But one word that uses ฎ is กฎ (gòt), which means "rule" or "law". It has ก for the initial consonant, and ฎ as the final consonant.
When we have a word containing only two consonants we know that there is an unwritten vowel สระ โอะ between them. กฎ has a middle class consonant and a dead syllable, so it's low tone.
One word that uses ฏ is "กบฏ", which means "rebel". "กบฏ" has 2 syllables. Just like the word "ขนม" which we have learned in lesson 14, there is an unwritten สระ อะ after the first consonant ก, and there is an unwritten สระ โอะ between บ and ฏ.
Both syllables have middle class initial consonants. And both syllables have dead endings. So they are both low tone.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Point.
You've already learned three quarters of the Thai alphabet along with most of the vowels. All of the remaining consonants are not so common. So you should be able to read through some lines of dialogue in Thai script and be able to pronounce many of the words you see. Try to predict the remaining rules for tone marks based on any words you can find that use those marks. Then see if you are correct by watching the following lessons.
Have you ever heard the Thai word พัฒนา? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn what it means, and most of all, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write with the letters you've learned in this lesson?

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William
Saturday at 5:39 am
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For the word กบฏ how do you know that the first vowel is อะ and the second vowel is โอะ ? What is the rule to determine which vowel goes where when they go between consonants and are not written?

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:56 am
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Hello Randal,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. Their is no logical, it's just plan for be able to teach all classes and tone rules. They is a Thai alphabet order you can also check out if you are interest. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com



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Randal
Wednesday at 10:19 pm
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I am curious to know what it the logic behind group the letters into the lessons as they are. Why are you mixing consonant classes and why not just group the lessons by similar tone consonants. I'm just curious as to the logic. Thank you

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ThaiPod101.com
Sunday at 9:36 pm
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Hello Khun Terry,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. The writer is American exchange Thai language student. I think he already try his best to compare them. Maybe your're right. In my opinion "th" "Thirsty" sound like "dt" sound in Thai. They do not pronounce the "h" in English, so some romanization system, don't used it. Please shared if their future information. Thank you very much for your support.


Have a great day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Terry
Thursday at 3:43 pm
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Sawatdee Kru Parisa,


Thank you for this lesson. I'm sorry to be correcting the teacher but I do need to point out a mistake. In the grammar section you say "As an initial consonant, ถุง makes the sound "th" like the T in "top."" In English, TH does not make a sound like the T in "top". TH is a sound made with your tongue between your teeth. "Thirsty" for example. The T in "top" is made with your tongue on the roof of your mouth.


I know this is a very common mistake that is made in Romanization of Thai language. Perhaps because Thai and Thailand are spelled that way but you don't pronounce the H. In English, most words that start with TH are a combination that makes a specific sound that is neither T nor H.

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:18 am
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Hello Satan,


Thank you very much for your comment and suggestion. We really apologized that me missed provided sentences for several lessons. For some letters there is just not much examples sentences because they are rare use. Get back to our conversation lessons may help give you some examples. Please let me know if you have any questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai. Thank you very much for your support.

Have a great day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Stan
Monday at 4:24 am
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I sure keenly do miss, in the last several lessons and this one,not having the audible sentences in Thai that u provided in earlier lessons, incorporating key words we have just learned to write and sound out. They help to really ground the basic points of ea lesson

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www.thaipod101.com
Saturday at 12:54 am
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Hello Nghia,


Thank you very much for your comment. For your question, after you finished with Thai alphabet made easy lesson, you can go back to the level you were before, but this time check out the Thai version. See how much you understand them. Wish you have good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Nghia
Thursday at 5:44 pm
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Hello, pls tell me, after i learn Thai Alphabet finish, next level which i should learn? Thank you.

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www.thaipod101.com
Tuesday at 10:09 pm
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Hello Aero,


Thank you very much for your comment. I'm glad that you let's know about an error. We will try to fix them. Please feel free to ask any questions here.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com