Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson we learned 3 low class consonants ง, ย and ว. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn a few middle class consonants plus a new vowel.
Ready to start? Then let's go!
The first new consonant for this lesson is ก (gaaw gài). ไก่ (gài) means "chicken". This letter actually looks a little bit like a chicken's head with its beak pointing to the left. The sound of ก as the initial consonant of a syllable is "g". It is very similar to a hard G or an unaspirated K.
Do you remember live syllable endings from the last lesson? Well, ก makes a dead syllable ending instead. We can call the ending sound made by ก a "K stop", because all you do is stop the sound by closing off the passage of air at the back of your throat. It is like trying to say a "k" sound but without letting any air come out of your mouth.
ก is one of only two Thai consonants that doesn't have a head. To write it, just start on the lower left, go up and make a sharp hook, then come down on the right side.
Another middle class consonant is ด (daaw dèk). เด็ก (dèk) means "child". As the initial consonant of a syllable, ด makes the sound "d" just like letter D in "diamond". ด also makes a dead sound when it's the final consonant. We can call its sound a "T stop" because you stop the sound by closing off the air in your mouth by touching your tongue near your teeth. It is like you are trying to make a "t" sound without releasing any air. You can remember the shape of ด by thinking that the bottom is pointed like a diamond.
We write ด with a clockwise head in the center. The line continues to make a point, and the line bends around to the right side.
The third consonant you'll learn today is บ (baaw bai-máai). ใบไม้ (bai-máai) means "leaf". As the initial consonant of a syllable, บ makes the sound "b" like the B in "bucket". You can also think about the shape of บ as a bucket, which might help you remember its sound. We can call its ending sound "P stop" because we shut of the flow of air by closing our lips. Try making a "p" sound without opening your lips. That's what the syllable ending sound of บ is like.
บ is very easy to write. It's just like ม or น without a loop at the bottom. Start with a clockwise head and then add 3 straight lines. That's it!
Congratulations! You now know all of the final consonant sounds in Thai. I know what you're thinking... Don't we have a lot more letters to learn? We do, but all of the remaining consonants share one of the final sounds that you've already learned. So, no more new complicated final sounds!
Do you remember the first tone rule we learned? It was...
Low class initial consonant + live ending = mid tone.
One example was the word นาน (naan).
The next tone rule is very similar, so it will be easy to remember. It is...
Middle class initial consonant + live ending = mid tone.
Let's try using the middle class consonants we learned to make some words with this rule. But first I want to show you one new vowel.
This is สระ อี (sà-rà ii). It is a long vowel that makes the sound "ii" like the E-E in "green". สระ อี is written above a consonant. For example, here is the word ดี (dii), which means "good". We write the consonant ด first. And then put สระ อี on top. ดี is mid tone because it has a middle class consonant with a long vowel, which gives a live ending.
When writing สระ อี you should start on the right side and draw a line to the left, then make a curved line above that goes back to the right. Then a short vertical line.
Now let's write another word. Start with ก and add สระ อา. Together, that makes กา (gaa), which means "crow".
กา also has a middle class consonant with a long vowel, so it's mid tone.
Now you try to write it. ก,า...กา
Here is one more word. Can you read it?
It's บาน (baan) which means "to bloom".
บาน is also mid tone. Why?
Well, it has an initial middle class consonant and a live ending.
Let's write บาน together.
บ, สระ อา, น...บาน
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
Practice recognizing Thai consonants and vowels by reading through the vocabulary lists and conversation transcripts on ThaiPod101.com. You won't recognize every letter just yet, but it's great practice for the ones you *do* know, and you can start to get familiar with the shapes of the rest.
Do you know the Thai word for "washing clothes"? You'll learn how to read it while adding a new tone in the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What words can you write using ก (Gaaw gài), ด (Daaw dèk), บ (Baaw bai-máai), or -ี (Long i)?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:17 AM
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Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. Anytime. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Sunday at 04:04 AM
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ก็ seems to be a very strange word, both in terms of how it's vowel is written and how it is pronounced! Anyway, thank you very much for helping me understand those points. ขอบคุณมากครับ

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:59 PM
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Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. It has falling tone because it has ก้อ as alternate spelling but we just dont use ก้อ. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Monday at 01:54 PM
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Hi Parisa,


You explained that "ก็ is just special spelling," but what a out the tone? I read that it should have a falling tone, but why is that? It has a mid class initial consonant, and the vowel is Short [ɔ] ◌็อ◌. That should be be low tone, right?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:12 PM
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Hi เดวิด


When these vowels are in middle position of a syllable. "◌ั◌ should be used instead of ◌ะ. Same with เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, แ◌็◌ or แ◌ะ, as well as โ◌ะ or ◌◌." There are 7 vowels that changed form this way. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Sunday at 03:10 AM
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I don't understand your answer, which was "◌ั◌ should be used instead of ◌ะ. Same with เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, แ◌็◌ or แ◌ะ, as well as โ◌ะ or ◌◌."


Most vowels have 4 ways of being written: 2 ways to write the short version of the vowel, and 2 ways to write the long version of the vowel.


For example, Short [a] is written as ◌ั◌ or ◌ะ, but I'm not sure when to use ◌ั◌ instead of ◌ะ. I am also unsure about the other vowels I mentioned.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:04 AM
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Hello เดวิด,


Thanks. ก็ is just special spelling. Yes, ◌ั◌ should be used instead of ◌ะ. Same with เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, แ◌็◌ or แ◌ะ, as well as โ◌ะ or ◌◌. unless it is ัว uua. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Saturday at 02:42 PM
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I've seen ก็ in Thai script, and am confused. How is it acceptable to write ก็ if the ◌็อ◌ / Short [ɔ] vowel is incomplete?


ก็ is pronounced "gaw," but all four of the ways to write this vowel have more than just ◌็. The short vowel sound is written with ◌็อ◌ or เ◌าะ, and the long sound with ◌อ or ◌อ◌.


I have another question: I want to know when ◌ั◌ should be used instead of ◌ะ. Same with เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, แ◌็◌ or แ◌ะ, as well as โ◌ะ or ◌◌.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:31 PM
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Hi เดวิด,


Thank you. Never heard of เดก 'deek" long vowel, while เด็ก short vowel means "children", both same tone. How do you know which way a vowel should be written? Learn them from example like you write เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, and the Long [ɤ:] Vowel can be written as เ◌อ or เ◌ิ◌ the circle you see use for consonant to be add. เด็ก เล็ก เป็น เห็น เลิก เดิน เกิน เพลิน(พล consonant cluster) เบิก I think we covvered all 7 vowels that changed form on our series and also on vowel chart. You could also find them on internet, search 7 thai vowel that changed there form. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Friday at 03:00 PM
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As I was writing the word for child, I noticed something: เดก and เด็ก have the same tone and consonant, but have different meaning.


Is the difference in meaning because เดก has the เ◌ / Long [e:] Vowel, whereas เด็ก has the เ◌็◌ / Short [e] Vowel?


Speaking of vowels, most of them can be written two different ways. For example, the Short [e] vowel can be written as

เ◌ะ or เ◌็◌, and the Long [ɤ:] Vowel can be written as เ◌อ or เ◌ิ◌. How do you know which way a vowel should be written?


I remember hearing that whether a final syllable is written determines how the vowel should be written, but I don't know which vowels that rule applies to, or which version of each vowel should be used when there is (or is not) a final consonant ending the syllable.