Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ท and ฮ, and the vowels สระ เอะ and สระ เอ. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 2 low class consonants and a pair of vowels.
The first new letter is ร (raaw ruuea). The word เรือ means "boat". The sound of ร as an initial consonant is "r" like the double R in "burrito" when spoken by a native Spanish speaker. In other words, this is an R sound with a trill. Not everyone can make this sound easily, but you can get better with practice. When ร is the final consonant in a syllable it makes the sound "n" just like น. You might remember that this is one of the live ending sounds.
Let's practice writing ร together. Start with the head at the bottom, curve up to the left and hook back to the right. ร
The next letter is also another low class consonant. It's called ล (laaw ling). Do you know which animal ลิง (ling) is? It's a monkey!
The sound of ล as an initial consonant is "l" like the L in "little". When it's the final consonant in a syllable, ล also makes an "n" sound just like ร did. What’s great about this consonant is it actually looks like a monkey! So, when you write ล, think of a little monkey with a curved tail sticking up.
Let's write ล together.
Start with the head, a small curve to the right, and a larger curve to the left. ล
Take a look at this word written using ล.
This is actually a word from English. Can you recognize it?
It's the word "bill", but we read it in Thai as บิล (bin). Thai doesn't naturally have the sound of letter L at the end of a syllable. So it changes to sound like the letter N.
บ, สระ อิ, ล... บิล
Now let's quickly review the vowel pair that we learned in the last lesson. They were สระ เอะ and สระ เอ. We can see that they are the same except for the สระ อะ written at the end to indicate a short vowel. Most of the remaining vowel pairs that we'll be learning follow the same pattern. The long and short versions will look the same except for สระ อะ added to the end of the short vowel.
The two new vowels in this lesson are สระ แอะ (sà-rà àe) and สระ แอ (sà-rà aae).
They are written with a double สระ เอ before the consonant. Then for the short vowel, สระ อะ is added after the consonant.
The sound of สระ แอะ and สระ แอ is like the A in "cat".
Let's write these:
สระ แอะ (sà-rà àe)
สระ แอ (sà-rà aae)
One very common word that is written using สระ แอะ is และ (láe), which means "and". และ is a high tone because it has an initial low class consonant, with a short vowel, and a dead stop.
A word using the long vowel, สระ แอ, is แรง (raaeng), which means "power". แรง has a low class consonant and a live ending, so it is pronounced mid tone.
Let's write both of these words:
สระ แอ, ล, สระ อะ... และ
and
สระ แอ, ร, and ง. ...แรง
One last word for this lesson. Can you read it? The first thing written on the left is สระ แอ, but we need to look to the right of that to find the initial consonant. In this word, the initial consonant is ม. The vowel sound แอ (aae) gets attached to it, so then we have แม (maae). Finally, the letter ว comes at the end. It makes a W or O sound that blends with the vowel to give us the word แมว (maaeo). If you think แมว sounds like the noise a cat makes, that's because แมว (maaeo) means "cat" in Thai.
Let's write "cat" -- สระ แอ, ม, ว... แมว
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
Many modern Thai fonts used in print media alter the shapes of some letters, often to mimic the shape of an English letter. If you are trying to read something in Thai, and you see what looks like the letter S, it is actually the letter ร.
ร might also look a little like the letter S in people's handwriting because it's faster to write it that way
Do you know the Thai word for "year"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to say it, and most of all, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using  ร (Raaw ruuea), ล (Laaw ling), แอะ (Short ae), or แอ (Long ae)?

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 4:43 pm
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Hello G,


Thank you for comment. When we speak "r" is non-trilled but still trill on formal situation such as on television like news report. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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G
Friday at 12:24 pm
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Concerning ร, and the trill “r” sound, I can’t replicate this. How important is this sound to being understood by Thais? Seems sometimes I hear it, and sometimes not, even by the same Thai person speaking the same word, even in these lessons? Can I get away with a non-trilled flat “r” sound and still be relatively easily understood by Thais? Or is it a must like it is in Spanish?

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ThaiPod101.com
Sunday at 3:04 pm
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Hello Marry,


Thank you. Yes, เอะ เอาะ แอะ become " ็ " when there is in the middle position of a syllable while อะ become " ั " .

เอะ เอาะ แอะ : แช็ต ช็อกโกแลต เล็ก หมวกกันน็อค ล็อก

อะ : วัน กัน ฉัน อัน หัด

Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Mary
Saturday at 2:01 am
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Oops I meant when it is NOT a final syllable. Like when there is a consonant after.

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Mary
Saturday at 1:47 am
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For the แ_ะ sound, does the ะ change to ◌็ like it did for เอะ when it is a final syllable?

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 11:30 pm
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Hello Tony,


Thank you very much. Yes, it is come down to memorization but don't worry there are only a few of them. There are a few rules that related to ร, say hi on premium plus and ask for more detail. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Tony
Wednesday at 8:20 am
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Is there any sort of rule for when ร is silent? Or does it just come down to memorization?


I was typing out random sentences into google translate and came across some words I was trying to pronounce with ร but I got confused because some are actually silent.


Example:

can สามารถ

true จริง

economy เศรษฐกิจ

finish เสร็จ (this one is most confusing to me)

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 9:07 pm
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Hi Tom,


We include a limited number of words in the [Vocabulary] section, however, to check out more words/sentences, please use our Dictionary (includes audio):

https://www.thaipod101.com/thai-dictionary/


You can also create your own Custom Lists. Please check out this link for more information:

https://www.thaipod101.com/custom-lists/


We hope this helps! In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Tom Koenig
Friday at 12:37 am
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Consider adding the Thai words for the Thai alphabet to the list of words in the vocabulary section. This would make it easier to practice reading out the words as we write them. Thanks.



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ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 8:08 pm
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Hello Fogel,

Thank you very much for your comment and question. There is not a certain rules to tell. There only a certain word used a certain letter, the guide is to remember individual spelling of each words. When we was young we do a lot of spelling test in our Thai language class.

อาหาร ทหาร วิหาร บริหาร สถานการณ์ บริการ

เมื่อวาน กัน มัน ฉัน ชั้น อัน

Hope that's help. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Wish you a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com