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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ร and ล and the vowels สระ แอะ and สระ แอ. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 3 middle class consonants and a pair of vowels.
The 3 consonants you'll learn in this lesson are middle class consonants. So far, you've learned 3 other middle class consonants and the rest have been low class consonants. Do you remember which 3 of these letters were middle class? (pause)
ก, ด, and บ
The first new middle class consonant of this lesson is จ (jaaw jaan) . This letter is named after the word จาน (jaan), which means "plate" or "dish". When จ is the initial consonant it makes the sound "j" similar to the J in "jump". When จ is the final consonant, its sound changes to become a T-stop just like the letter ด.
Get your pen ready, and let's practice writing จ.
Start with a clockwise head in the middle, and make the line go down to the right. Then it hooks back up and curves over to the left. จ
Here is the next middle class consonant. It's called ต (dtaaw dtào). The word เต่า (dtào) means "turtle". The sound ต makes as an initial consonant is "dt", which is between an English D and T. In technical terms, the sound of ต is an unaspirated T. As a final consonant it also makes a T-stop.
ต is written almost exactly the same as ด.
The only difference is that ต has a small indentation at the top of the bump.
Maybe you can think of a turtle with a bumpy shell to remember which is which.
Let's write ต together.
A clockwise head, down to the left, up to the top, indentation, and down on the right side. ต
The last consonant of this lesson is ป (bpaaw bplaa). The word ปลา (bplaa) means "fish".
The sound of ป as an initial consonant is "bp", which is in the middle between a regular English B and P. We can also call this an unaspirated P.
As a final consonant, ป makes a P-stop, which is simply done by closing your lips.
You're probably already thinking that ป looks a lot like the letter บ. As you can see, the only difference is that the line on the right side of ป extends higher than the head.
Let's practice writing ป together.
It's very easy. start at the head and then draw 3 straight lines. ป
Let's learn a new vowel pair to write a couple more words.
This is สระ โอะ (sà-rà ò) and สระ โอ (sà-rà oo). They make the vowel sound "o" like the O in "go". Can you guess by looking at them which one is a long vowel and which is a short vowel?
That's right. The short vowel is this one: สระ โอะ
As you can see, สระ โอ is written to the left of the initial consonant.
Here is an example of a word written with สระ โอ. This is the word โจร (joon), which means a "thief" or "robber".
We have to write สระ โอ first, then the initial consonant จ, and after that the final consonant ร. Remember that ร sounds like letter N when it's a final consonant.
สระ โอ, จ, and ร.... โจร
When the short vowel สระ โอะ is followed by a final consonant it will be unwritten.
For example, here is the word บน (bon), which means "above" or "on".
As you can see, the only letters written are the initial consonant บ and the final consonant น.
The vowel is not written, so you just have to remember that a word containing only two consonants and nothing else will have a short vowel "o" in the middle.
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
If you're in Thailand, one way to practice reading is to look at the Thai names of products when you go shopping. Often you already know the name of the product or the brand, which can make it easier to read the whole word. For example, see if you can read the label on a Thai bottle of Coke. You'll notice that the name Coke is written using a stylish version of the สระ โอ that we learned in this lesson.
Do you know how to ask the question "who" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to say it, and most importantly, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write with จ (Jaaw jaan), ต (Dtaaw dtào), ป (Bpaaw bplaa), โอะ (Short o), or โอ (Long o)?

 

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:57 AM
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Hello Deepthi,


We're sorry to hear that. Did you get them work now? If not I would suggested. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Deepthi
Monday at 10:03 PM
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I am not getting the video of this lesson and onwards can u repair it please

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:50 AM
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Hello Kenneth and Wendy,


Thank you for comment. Kenneth สระ is "sà-rá, there is hiddden vowel between "ส and ร". Check out more about vowel on our lesson. จน jon means "poor or untill" and จร jaawn " to wander, cycle and move or act" nomally not stand alone, used with different word like วงจร จราจร etc.. หิน (rock or stone) If you can differentiate the vowel sound in the two words you will see the different and used them correctly. wendy, what browser do you used, our video work best with chrome. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kenneth
Tuesday at 01:25 PM
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จน (until)​ and จร (rock)​sounds the same, how would you identify which is being used when in a conversation?

wendy reyes
Sunday at 08:53 PM
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hi. this video wouldn't run. could you please help me fix it. thank you

Kenneth
Sunday at 03:58 PM
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So the word for vowel in thai สระ is actually sora? Since there are no written vowel between ส and ร?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:53 PM
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Hello Anneke,


Thank you. Your're welcome. I think that is a version you would see on a road sign. Pra Khanong Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Anneke
Thursday at 06:12 PM
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Dear Parisa

Thanks for your explanation. So, actually it is written in a shorter version. That's why the confusion.

Have a nice day!

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:31 PM
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Hello Navya and Anneke,


Thank you. Navya, น, ร, ล are life ending "n" which one to used student go to remember but most common out of all three is น. Anneke, พระโขนง "พระ ขะ โหนง" pra ka noong , vowel โ is making "oo" sound, compare "a" in ka with "oo" in noong. You would hear the different. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Anneke
Thursday at 05:24 PM
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Can you explain the spelling พระโขนง? Pronunciation is Pra Khanong. With the โ at the beginning it looks like Phra Khonong.

Or have I just always heard an A instead of an O?