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Learn the Thai Alphabet from A to Z!

Learning to speak a new language is exciting; learning to write a new language is even more exciting! It will open new worlds for you. So, dig into these tips and advice for learning how to master the Thai alphabet easily - at ThaiPod101 we make it easy, fun and relevant for you!

Starting anything from scratch can be challenging, especially if you learn how to write in a language completely different from your own. It is really like navigating through a territory that is completely unknown to you.

However, this need not be a big hurdle or a problem! At ThaiPod101, we introduce you to Thai writing in simple, easy-to-follow steps, and you can ask for advice or help anywhere along the way. It is important to master the Thai alphabet completely from the start.

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If you want to master the Thai language and become fluent, you must learn the Thai alphabet letters first. And you need physical worksheets to practice on.

This eBook is a MUST-HAVE for all Thai learning beginners!

Free Thai eBook

Download your Free Thai practice sheets PDF today and learn the Thai language in no time!
This is a must-have guide for absolute beginners


King Ramakamhaeng of Sukhothai first introduced the written Thai language in 1283. The writing was based on the Sanskrit alphabet, with a big influence from the Old Khmer script.

The Thai alphabet consists of forty-four consonants representing twenty-one distinct consonant sounds. Duplicate consonants represent different Sanskrit and Pali consonants that we pronounce identically in Thai. Additionally, Thai script consists of fifteen basic vowel characters that appear in front of, above, below, or after the consonants they modify. These are horizontally placed, left to right, with no intervening spaces to form syllables, words, and sentences. Space in a Thai text appears only at the end of a clause or sentence.

Thai script is very similar to Lao script, but the modern Lao script doesn’t contain so many consonants with duplicate sounds.

The forty-four Thai consonants appear below.

ก ข ฃ ค ฅ ฆ ง จ ฉ ช ซ

ฌ ญ ฎ ฏ ฐ ฑ ฒ ณ ด ต ถ

ท ธ น บ ป ผ ฝ พ ฟ ภ ม

ย ร ล ว ศ ษ ส ห ฬ อ ฮ

Tones in Thai

Thai is a tonal language with five tones: mid, low, falling, high, and rising. Even though the spelling is the same in terms of consonant and vowel arrangement, we add four diacritic or accent marks above the letters, giving them different tones and indicating different meanings of words. It is important to speak out the tone properly in order to be correctly understood.

What follows is an example of four accent marks:

-่ -้ -๊ -๋

Thai Numerals

Thai has its own set of numerals. However, it is also common for Thai people to use the Arabic numeral system. The Thai numerals and corresponding Arabic numerals are shown below:

๐ ๑ ๒ ๓ ๔ ๕ ๖ ๗ ๘ ๙ ๑๐

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Here is a sample of Thai writing, showing how both males and females would introduce themselves in Thai.

For Male:

สวัสดีครับ ผมชื่อ ยินดีที่ได้รู้จักครับ
sà-wàt-dii khráp. phǒm chûue
. yin-dii thîi dâai rúu-jàk khráp.
(meaning) “Hello. My name is. Nice to meet you.”

For Female:

สวัสดีค่ะ ดิฉันชื่อ ยินดีที่ได้รู้จักค่ะ
sà-wàt-dii khâ. dì-chǎn chûue
. yin-dii thîi dâai rúu-jàk khâ.
(meaning) “Hello. My name is. Nice to meet you.”

Thai Alphabet Chart


If you’re just beginning to learn Thai, the Thai alphabet can seem unnerving. To a beginner it seems that there are a large number of consonants and vowels and an even bigger number of combinations for each. Where do you start? The best place to commence with studying the Thai alphabet is by learning about its history.

The Thai alphabet, which is actually known as an abugida, is said to have been created by King Ramkamhaeng during his reign which began in 1275 A.D. Modern Thai writing is so similar to what was used then that it is not difficult to read ancient texts from that time period. The Thai language and alphabet was largely influenced by Pali, Sanskrit, and old Khmer script, and to this day many Pali and Sanskrit words are largely used in Thai writing. In fact, when you are learning the alphabet you will come across a few letters that are only used when spelling Pali and Sanskrit words and instances of Pali or Sanskrit spelling that result in completely silent letters.

Thai Alphabet

Letter Romanization Sample word Sample word Romanization Sample Word Translation Sounds like
gaaw ไก่ gài chicken g in good
khăaw ไข่ khài egg k in kite
khăaw ขวด khùuat bottle k in kite
khaaw ควาย khwaai water buffalo k in kite
khaaw คน khon human k in kite
khaaw ระฆัง rá-kang bell k in kite
ngaaw งู nguu snake ng in strong
jaaw จาน jaan dish j in jaw
chăaw ฉิ่ง chìng small cup-shaped cymbals; music instrument ch as in chicken
chaaw ช้าง cháang elephant ch as in chicken
saaw โซ่ sôo chain s in sound
chaaw เฌอ chooe tree ch as in chicken
yaaw หญิง yǐng women y in yard
daaw ชฎา chá-daa Thai pointed crown d in dog
dtaaw ปฏัก bpà-tàk goad a sound between ‘d’ and ‘t’ (unaspirated ‘t’)
thăaw ฐาน thăan base, station, platform t in train
thaaw มณโฑ mon-thoo name of one character from the Ramakien (Thai literary epic) t in train
thaaw ผู้เฒ่า phûu-thâo old man, wise man t in train
naaw เณร neen Buddhist novice; one who become monk under age of 20 n in now
daaw เด็ก dèk child d in dog
dtaaw เต่า dtào turtle a sound between ‘d’ and ‘t’ (unaspirated ‘t’)
thăaw ถุง thǔng bag t in train
thaaw ทหาร thá-hăan soldier t in train
thaaw ธง thong flag t in train
naaw หนู nǔu mouse n in now
baaw ใบไม้ bai-máai leaf b in boat
bpaaw ปลา bplaa fish a sound between ‘b’ and ‘p’
phăaw ผึ้ง phûeng bee p in power
făaw ฝา făa cap or lid of a bottle or container f in fun
phaaw พาน phaan tray with pedestal p in power
faaw ฟัน fan tooth f in fun
phaaw สำเภา săm-phao Chinese sailing boat p in power
maaw ม้า máa horse m in most
yaaw ยักษ์ yák giant y in yard
raaw เรือ ruuea boat r in room (with toungue click)
laaw ลิง ling monkey l in loud
waaw แหวน wăaen ring w in wood
săaw ศาลา săa-laa gazebo s in sound
săaw ฤๅษี ruue-sǐi hermit s in sound
săaw เสือ sǔuea tiger s in sound
hăaw หีบ hìip box; usually treasury-shaped box type with lock h in how
laaw จุฬา jù-laa a kind of kite l in loud
aaw อ่าง aàang pond, large bowl o in owl
haaw นกฮูก nók-hûuk owl h in how

The sample words used in the table are also taught in Thai school system, together with the letter. This helps learners easily remember each letter along with the vocabulary in Thai.

In addition to the history of Thai letters, there are a few rules to keep in mind when reading or writing Thai. The Thai language does not use capital and lowercase letters, spaces, or much punctuation in its writing. This is in direct contrast to reading and writing English where all of these apply. This might cause some confusion at first in your Thai lessons, but once you begin to get used to these rules, you will have no trouble with Thai writing.

If you do need more help with your Thai lessons Thaipod 101 has language dictionaries, a Thai podcast, and live recordings available online. It’s a good idea for students to take advantage of these tools and make the most of their language learning experience.

Learning the alphabet is the first important step to take when studying another language. It will form the basis to all of your other studies. After learning the different letters you can move on to studying Thai words and Thai accents. Each of these will make up the building blocks of your lessons, and pretty soon you will be holding full conversations in fluent Thai. It all starts with learning the Thai alphabet, and if you ever need to brush up on your basics you can always return to your older podcast lessons to refresh yourself on the fundamentals.

Why is Learning the Thai Alphabet Important?

AlphabetA language’s alphabet is its building blocks. Trying to learn how to write in Thai without first learning its alphabet is a bit like trying to build a brick house without touching the individual bricks! It is impossible to do a good job that way. So don’t believe language schools and methods that try to teach you otherwise. You will regret it later.

Also, once you start recognizing symbols and words, you will be encouraged by your own progress and motivated to learn even faster. Even just learning the basics of the alphabet will allow you to start recognizing simple Thai words, and it will feel great!

Furthermore, knowing the alphabet even helps with pronunciation, as learning the individual letters of any language will start uncovering nuances and intricacies that are not always apparent when you’re simply listening to the words.

Completely mastering the Thai alphabet, no matter how long it takes, will give you an excellent head start in learning how to write and read the language. It will offer you a solid foundation on which to build the other language skills, so set a goal to learn the alphabet so well that you’re able to recite it in your sleep!

Read on for helpful tips and secrets to learning the Thai alphabet quickly and effectively.

How to Download Your Free Guide to Beginner Thai

Download Your Free Guide to Beginner Thai!

If you want to master the Thai language and become fluent, you must learn the Thai alphabet letters first. And you need physical worksheets to practice on.

This eBook is a MUST-HAVE for all Thai learning beginners!

Free Thai eBook

Download your Free Thai practice sheets PDF today and learn the Thai language in no time!
This is a must-have guide for absolute beginners

Log in with Your Free Lifetime Account and we’ll give you a bundle of PDF cheat sheet including Survival Phrases, Romantic Lines, Learning Tips… — absolutely Free!

3 Reasons to Learn Thai Through PDF Lessons

Let’s now take a closer look at how studying Thai lessons in PDF format can help you reach your dream in up to half the time of normal video or audio lessons!

① Saves Minutes on Your Data Plan

Learning Thai through PDF lessons can dramatically reduce your data use. Once a lesson or tool is downloaded, you can then access it offline via your computer or smartphone any time or place regardless of Internet access. And once you’ve download the Thai lessons in PDF format, you can actually access them faster than logging in and trying to do so via a live site. So not only will learning Thai using PDF lessons save minutes on your data plan—it will save you some significant time as well as the lessons add up!

② Print and Take All Thai Lessons and PDF Tools With You Anywhere

Sometimes, a tiny smartphone screen just isn’t adequate, especially when you are trying to learn something new. The great thing about PDF lessons, tools or files is that they can be quickly printed and taken anywhere after you download them. In fact, printing out Thai lessons in PDF format can actually save you time when compared to going through the material on a smartphone with a small screen—even with the extra printing time!

③ Great Study Tool to Boost Retention and Mastery

Studying video or audio lessons online is a great way to learn a language because students can play and rewind sections as many times as needed until the lesson is mastered. But when you review the same Thai lessons again in PDF format, an incredible thing happens: your retention dramatically improves! Thanks to Time Spaced Repetition, seeing the information again in written format helps reinforce the information in your mind and improves both retention and recall. The benefits of learning Thai using PDF lessons quickly add up to significant time savings for you, your data plan, and your dream of learning a new language!

Why are we giving it away?

Learning to read and write is a must for all beginners. Although you get video lessons on how to write in Thai at ThaiPod101, you’ll still need physical worksheets to practice on. That’s why you’re getting this printable tutorial PDFs as a gift.

Secrets to Learning the Thai Alphabet Fast

SecretWith a language, like with anything you have to learn from scratch, having a few mnemonic devices handy are key to learning it fast. A mnemonic device is basically any method or technique that helps you to retain or commit something to memory more easily.

Here are a few mnemonic devices to memorize the Thai alphabet so you can speed up learning how to write in Thai.

① Find and Learn an Alphabet Song or Poem in Thai

Can you still remember your childhood alphabet song in your own language? The best way to commit it to memory so you can recite it is still your mom or first teacher’s way - with music, a song and/or a poem! Find a recording and learn to sing the song, or recite the poem along as best as you can. Ask your ThaiPod101 teacher to help you understand exactly what you are singing or saying, and soon you’ll have reciting the alphabet under your belt! Repeat it out loud as often as possible.

However, you still need to learn how to write it.

② Study a Few Letters At a Time

Remember when you were young and learning to write for the first time? You didn’t start with words or sentences; you started with letters, one at a time!

Decide on tackling only a few letters each week, and then don’t move on from these till you are completely familiar with them. Don’t take on too many at once, or you may become discouraged. Also, remember to ask your teacher at ThaiPod101 if you have questions!

Learn to incidentally spot the letters in books, road signs (If you’re living in the country), magazines, on TV, anywhere you encounter written Thai. Remember to write them out!

③ Write Out the Letters of the Alphabet By Hand

Make it a goal to write out your week’s letters at least once a day, and commit to this goal. You can also do it every time you have a free moment. Get yourself a special notebook for this purpose that you can carry with you anywhere you go. Sitting on the train or bus? Waiting for someone somewhere? Whip out your notebook and write the Thai alphabet, or the letters you are learning. Aim for about 20 repetitions, while silently saying the letter in your head as you write it out. This way, you will soon be able to form and write words all by yourself! Exciting, isn’t it?

Writing something down with a pen also seems to engrave it in the brain in a way that nothing else does. As an added benefit, it gives you the satisfaction of seeing a new language in your own writing!

Once you’ve mastered the whole alphabet, commit to writing it out in its entirety at least once a day, for at least one month. More repetitions are obviously better.

④ Involve Your Whole Body

Research has shown that the more senses and actions we use to learn something, the quicker the new information sticks in the memory and becomes habitual. To apply this principle while learning the Thai alphabet, write out huge letters by tracing them in the soil, or with chalk on the floor. Now, while saying the letter out loud, walk on the lines you have just traced. In this way, you ‘write’ the letter by moving your whole body!

Having fun just makes it even easier to learn something, so why not ‘write’ the letters out with dance steps while moving to your favorite Thai music!

This is a simple trick that seems silly, but you’ll be surprised how quickly you will commit intricate letters to memory this way. It really works!

⑤ Use Associations To Memorize Letters

This technique would involve saying the Thai letter out loud, and then thinking of a word in your own language that sounds the same as the letter. That would then create a phonic association that should make it easier for you to remember the letter. Better even if the association is something you can draw or picture.

If the script of the new alphabet is very different from your own, look at it closely, and see if you can find an image that the letter reminds you of

⑥ Now Have Fun Trying To Write Words!

Try to write words from your own language in Thai, and ask your friendly ThaiPod101 teachers for feedback! Or post them on the forum and see if anyone can read them. You will be so pleased with yourself when you start writing words that are readable and recognizable by native speakers.

Related Lessons

How to Say Hello in Thai
Do you know how to say hello in Thai? It’s the most basic phrase that you’ll need to say and hear in everyday life. If you don’t know yet, learn 15 ways to say hello and greet others in Thai. Why 15? The more variations you know, the more you can speak and the more fluent you become!
How to Introduce Yourself in Thai
Can you introduce yourself in Thai? Don’t worry! Check out the 10 Thai Lines You Need To Introduce Yourself with this free Review Sheet. From “My name is…“ and “I live in…” down to “My hobbies are…” Just review the 10 lines. It will only take you 2 minutes. Then, introduce yourself in the comment section below!
Top Thai Phrases
How good is your Thai? Care to put it to the test? Here’s the deal! We’ve come up with this must-know Thai Phrases List. Learn the top 25 Thai phrases, hear the native pronunciation and put your Thai to the test. Did you know them all? If not, review the list and master these easy phrases!
How to Say Thank You in Thai
Has anyone thanked you today? We will. Thank you for reading this article and learning with us! In fact, today, you’ll learn the many different ways to say “Thank You” in Thai. It’s one of the most important Thai phrases. Check it out and watch the video too to practice your pronunciation.

Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

Wednesday at 01:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

You are the first company I have seen who knows ก is our modern English Letter G ! Kudos. I have many thoughts on how to teach to the major American English population, one step is getting ride of "masters degree nomenclature" of English phonics and use common english, the international language we all actually use. Next step, put the alphabet into Alphabetical order, Thai kindergarten uses a test that requires you appease the elders by knowing the order they want, but we don't take highschool Thai tests. We are learning to further international interests in classes that are being designed for us, the world who speaks to the United Economies. Ng ง comes after N น in our language, thats how our alphabet order works. Try it!

Richard Passey
Thursday at 04:51 AM
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I have the alphabet guide PDF, it has consonants. I am looking for a PDF with Thai vowels, I am not finding one. Can you help?

Thank you

Friday at 10:21 PM
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The alphabet worksheets are very nice! It would also be great if the letters were in dash lines and some arrows to indicate the order were included. Thank you!

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Damian,

Thank you. There are two options, you could learn to read and write with us here. https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson-library/thai-alphabet-made-easy/ and do test that require reading and writing or just continue learning and do only test that you could reply using romanization. If you learn to read it will help you with pronunciation. ****following a course, and there are assignments in the course. You can just click on them and do them. :) *** Use romanization letters if you have not learned to read and write Thai yet. 👍Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Monday at 12:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I just signed up for Premium recently and started at the Absolute Beginner Level. My lesson library recommends the absolute beginner pathway lesson 1, which I was able to get through with confidence, except for the quiz part where it asks to read or write the words/phrases in Thai. Should I study the alphabet before I go into those lessons? I'm completely lost when it comes to the reading and writing, even though I have learned some of the basic phrases and words vocally.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:26 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Jackey,

Please check this out and see if they help.









Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Sunday at 04:33 AM
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Hello. Is there also a list of vowels and tones rules we can study from?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:12 AM
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Hi Ivan,

Thank you. We're so glad to hear that. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tuesday at 01:00 PM
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Very good article and material to learn the alphabet but vowels are missing. Thank you

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:53 AM
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สวัสดี chau anh,

You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.

Kind regards,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

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