Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Thai Season 1, Lesson 12 - Asking What Someone is Doing. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask and answer the question ‘What are you doing?’ in Thai.
Body
Eric: Here's the formal way to ask "What are you doing?" as a female speaker in Thai.
Jay: [Normal] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่คะ(khun gam-lang tham à-rai yùu khá)
Eric: First is a polite pronoun meaning "you"
Jay: [Normal] คุณ [Slow] คุณ (khun)
Eric: Next is the phrase meaning “to be” or “is doing something”
Jay: [Normal] กำลัง...อยู่ [Slow] กำลัง...อยู่(gam-lang...yùu )
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to do"
Jay: [Normal] ทำ [Slow] ทำ(tham)
Eric: Next is the question word meaning "What"
Jay: [Normal] อะไร [Slow] อะไร(à-rai)
Eric: Last is the sentence ending particle to make questions and requests politely for female speakers.
Jay: [Normal] คะ [Slow] คะ(khá)
Eric: Listen again to the formal question meaning "What are you doing?" as a female speaker.
Jay: [Slow] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่คะ [Normal] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่คะ
Eric: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger. Here's the formal way to ask, "What are you doing?" as a male speaker.
Jay: [Normal] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่ครับ(khun gam-lang tham à-rai yùu khráp)
Eric: First is a polite pronoun meaning "you"
Jay: [Normal] คุณ [Slow] คุณ (khun)
Eric: Next is the phrase meaning “to be” or “is doing something”
Jay: [Normal] กำลัง...อยู่ [Slow] กำลัง...อยู่(gam-lang...yùu )
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to do"
Jay: [Normal] ทำ [Slow] ทำ(tham)
Eric: Next is the question word meaning "What"
Jay: [Normal] อะไร [Slow] อะไร(à-rai)
Eric: Last is the sentence ending particle to make questions and requests polite if you are a male speaker.
Jay: [Normal] ครับ [Slow] ครับ(khráp)
Eric: Listen again to the formal question meaning "What are you doing?" as a male speaker.
Jay: [Slow] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่ครับ [Normal] คุณกำลังทำอะไรอยู่ครับ
Eric: Here's a response meaning "I am studying." as a female speaker.
Jay: [Normal] ดิฉันกำลังเรียนอยู่ค่ะ(dì-chǎn gam-lang riian yùu khâ)
Eric: First is a word meaning “I” as a female speaker.
Jay: [Normal] ดิฉัน [Slow] ดิฉัน(dì-chǎn)
Eric: Next is the phrase meaning “to be” or “is doing something”
Jay: [Normal] กำลัง...อยู่ [Slow] กำลัง...อยู่(gam-lang...yùu )
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to study"
Jay: [Normal] เรียน [Slow] เรียน(riian)
Eric: Last is the sentence-ending particle used to make requests polite for a female speaker.
Jay: [Normal] ค่ะ [Slow] ค่ะ(khâ)
Eric: Listen again to the response, "I am studying." as a female speaker.
Jay: [Slow] ดิฉันกำลังเรียนอยู่ค่ะ [Normal] ดิฉันกำลังเรียนอยู่ค่ะ
Eric: Here's a response meaning, "I'm checking my email" as a male speaker.
Jay: [Normal] ผมกำลังเช็คอีเมลครับ(phǒm gam-lang chék ii-meeo khráp)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I" for male speakers.
Jay: [Normal] ผม [Slow] ผม(phǒm)
Eric: Next is the word meaning "being"
Jay: [Normal] กำลัง [Slow] กำลัง(gam-lang)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to check"
Jay: [Normal] เช็ค [Slow] เช็ค(chék)
Eric: Next is the noun meaning "email"
Jay: [Normal] อีเมล [Slow] อีเมล(ii-meeo)
Eric: Last is the sentence ending particle to make requests polite for male speakers.
Jay: [Normal] ครับ [Slow] ครับ(khráp)
Eric: Listen again to the response meaning "I'm checking my email" as a male speaker.
Jay: [Slow] ผมกำลังเช็คอีเมลครับ [Normal] ผมกำลังเช็คอีเมลครับ
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Jay: In some situations, you can use the expression [khun tham à-rai yùu?] meaning “What are you doing?” to ask “What is your job?" This is a really common question you can ask. Thai people also ask this question when we meet someone for the first time, so make sure to check if they are asking “What are you doing?” or “What is your job” when they say [khun tham à-rai yùu?]

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Jay: สวัสดี ค่ะ

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ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What are you doing while listening to this lesson?

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ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 1:49 am
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Hello Eunice,


Thank you very much. There are three version which means the same.

First: กำลัง+ do something + อยู่, second : กำลัง+ do something or do something + อยู่

Hope that help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com


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Eunice
Tuesday at 2:50 pm
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Hello,


It appears to me that there are two ways to express an action in progressive tense with one of them, อยู่ is omitted. Does it mean that กำลัง + verb already implies the whole expression of verb+ing?


Thanks,

Eunice

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:50 pm
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Hello Uffe,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. “yùu” is (located at); to reside; to live (at) and marker indicating the progressive or perfect aspect. Use when you talk a bout where some one live and can be use at the end of a sentence when asking and answering to the question "What are you doing?" kun gam-lang tham à-rai yùu? Answer pom gam-lang riian paa-saa-Thai yùu Which indicated the progressive or perfect aspect. For more info, check this out. http://www.thai-language.com/id/4483

Hope that help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Uffe
Sunday at 3:57 am
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Sawasdee krap Parisa!


I'm not sure about how to use this word "yùu". Can you give some more examples how to use and when it's necessary to use and when can omit it.


Kindest Uffe

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www.thaipod101.com
Saturday at 12:28 pm
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Hello Nasumi,


yin-dii khâ "you're welcome." kun gam-lang khian à-rai yùu khá? What are you writing? rian paa-saa-tai hâi sà-núk ná-ká "Have fun learning Thai."


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Natsumi
Friday at 11:45 am
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Thank you, Parisa. dichan gamlang khian yuu ka!

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www.thaipod101.com
Wednesday at 9:27 pm
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Hello Natsumi,


"yùu" is giving the sense of you doing something before, at the moment and will continue doing it. No matter "yùu" is in these sentences or not, the meaning still remain the same.

dì-chǎn gam-lang riian yùu khâ

phǒm gam-lang chék ii-meeo khráp / phǒm gam-lang chék ii-meeo yùu khráp


Have a great say.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Natsumi
Wednesday at 12:20 pm
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Hello,

In this lesson, there is no "yuu" in the sentence about email.

Are there any reason to put "yuu" or not ?

dì-chǎn gam-lang riian yùu khâ

phǒm gam-lang chék ii-meeo khráp


regards,

Natsumi