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Guide to Thai Time: How to Ask for the Time in Thai & More

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Time is an important part of our life. Thus, it makes sense for Thai learners to learn how to ask for and give the time in Thai. Knowing Thai time phrases enables you to plan your schedule, make appointments, and better understand Thai conversations.

Telling Thai time is pretty different from doing so in English. Most of the words and phrases we’re going to look at aren’t difficult to understand, but you will need some time to get used to using them. For example, you don’t have to worry about remembering a.m. or p.m. in Thai because there is none. And we can also assure you that the way Thai people tell time is pretty straightforward, so it’s not hard to remember.

In this lesson, we’ll teach you basic time-related vocabulary such as the hours, minutes, and seconds in Thai. You’ll also get to learn various ways of telling the time in the Thai language, grouped into formal and informal ways for easier understanding. Of course, you’ll get to see and practice with many examples. Moreover, this lesson also provides you with a list of adverbs of time in Thai for more fluent speech, as well as time-related proverbs.  

So let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Time-Related Vocabulary in Thailand
  2. Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai
  3. Informal Way to Tell Time in Thai
  4. Time Adverbs in Thai
  5. Time-Related Proverbs and Sayings in Thai
  6. Conclusion

1. Time-Related Vocabulary in Thailand

Time

Before learning how to tell time in Thailand, there’s some vocabulary to get out of the way first. Here’s a list of words you should know.

1- Time 

Thai word: เวลา (wee-laa)  

Example:  

จะเริ่มประชุมเวลากี่โมง

Jà rôoem bprà-chum wee-laa gìi moong

“What time will the meeting start?”

2- Day time 

Thai word: กลางวัน (glaang-wan)

Example:  

ตอนกลางวัน ข้างนอกร้อนมาก

Dtaawn glaang-wan khâang nâawk ráawn mâak

“In the day time, it is very hot outside.”

Additional note

There are three words that are often followed by กลางวัน (glaang-wan), listed below. The meaning of กลางวัน (glaang-wan) and these three words are pretty similar, so they can be used interchangeably.

  • เวลากลางวัน (wee-laa glaang-wan
  • ตอนกลางวัน (dtaawn glaang-wan
  • ช่วงกลางวัน (chûuang glaang-wan)

3- Night time 

Thai word: กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen)

Example:  

อย่าออกไปข้างนอกเวลากลางคืนคนเดียว ไม่ปลอดภัย

Yàa àawk bpai khâang nâawk wee-laa glaang-khuuen khon-diiao mâi bplàawt-phai

“Don’t go out alone at night time, it is not safe.”

Additional note

There are three words that are often followed by กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen), listed below. The meaning of กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen) and these three words are pretty similar, so they can be used interchangeably. 

  • เวลากลางคืน (wee-laa glaang-khuuen
  • ตอนกลางคืน (dtaawn glaang-khuuen
  • ช่วงกลางคืน (chûuang glaang-khuuen)

4- O’clock 

Thai word: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa); โมง (moong)

Example 1:  

เมื่อวานนี้ นายกรัฐมนตรีเดินทางไปประเทศญี่ปุ่นตอนเวลา 10 นาฬิกา

Mûuea-waan-níi naa-yók rát-thà-mon-dtrii dooen-thaang bpai bprà-thêet yîi-bpùn dtaawn wee-laa sìp  naa-lí-gaa

“Yesterday, the prime minister went to Japan at 10 o’clock.”

Example 2:  

เธอจะถึงตอน 4 โมง

Thooe jà thǔeng dtaawn sìi moong

“She will arrive at 4 o’clock.”

Additional note

There are two points you need to know about the words for “o’clock” in Thai. 

One is the difference between นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) and โมง (moong). นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) is used in formal conversations, while โมง (moong) is used in informal conversations.  

Another point you should know is that นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) can also mean “clock” or “watch” in the Thai language.

5- Hour 

Thai word: ชั่วโมง (chûua-moong)

Example:  

1 ชั่วโมงในภาษาไทยคืออะไร

Nùeng chûua-moong nai phaa-sǎa thai khuue à-rai

“What is 1 hour in the Thai language?”

6- Minute 

Thai word: นาที (naa-thii)

Example:  

ขอเวลาอีกไม่กี่นาที

Khǎaw wee-laa ìik mâi gìi naa-thii

“I want a few more minutes.”

7- Second 

Thai word: วินาที (wí-naa-thii)

Example:  

1 นาทีมี 60 วินาที

Nùeng naa-thii mii hòk-sìp wí-naa-thii

“There are 60 seconds in 1 minute.”

Additional note:  

In casual communication, Thai people often shorten the word วินาที (wí-naa-thii) to วิ ().

8. Clock

Thai word: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa)

Example:  

นาฬิกาของเธอสวยจัง

Naa-lí-gaa khǎawng thooe sǔuai jang

“Your clock is so beautiful.”

Additional note:  

As mentioned above, นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) has many meanings in the Thai language. It can mean “o’clock” or “watch.”

9. Watch 

Thai word: นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue)

Example:  

นาฬิกาข้อมือของเธอนั้นราคาเท่าไหร่

Naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue khǎawng thooe raa-khaa thâo-rǎi

“How much is your watch?”

Additional note:  

นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue) is the combination of two words: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) which means “clock” and ข้อมือ (khâaw muue) which is “wrist” in Thai. Combined, the word refers to a clock on your wrist, which is a “watch.”

As mentioned above, you can also use the word นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) to refer to a “watch” in the Thai language.  However, comparing the two words, นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue) conveys a more specific meaning.

2. Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai 

Improve Listening

In the Thai time system, there are two main ways of telling time: a formal way and an informal way. We’ll start with the formal way first. Thai people rarely use this in daily conversation, and you’re much more likely to hear this in the news or an announcement.

The basic thing you need to know about the Thai clock is that Thai people use the twenty-four-hour clock in formal situations. Fortunately, this part is pretty easy.

1- Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai – Full Version

Below is the pattern you need to remember. You may recognize these words from the vocabulary section above.

….. นาฬิกา   + ….. นาที 

….. naa-lí-gaa   + ….. naa-thii

….. o’clock   + ….. minute

To tell the time, all you need to do is put the number in front of the unit. Just remember that Thai people use the twenty-four-hour format in formal situations. So from 1 p.m. to 12 a.m., don’t forget to change the number of the hour to 13-24 instead. For example:

  • 3 a.m. in Thai is 3 นาฬิกา (sǎam naa-lí-gaa).
  • 4 p.m. in Thai is 16 นาฬิกา (sìp-hòk naa-lí-gaa).
  • 10:26 a.m. in Thai is 10 นาฬิกา 26 นาที (sìp naa-lí-gaa yîi-sìp-hòk naa-thii).
  • 11:58 p.m. in Thai is 23 นาฬิกา 58 นาที (yîi-sìp-sǎam naa-lí-gaa hâa-sìp-bpàaet naa-thii).
4 p.m.

2- Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai – Short Version 

XX:YY น.

Thai people only use this shortened version in writing. You have to remember the pattern above. XX is the hour and YY is the minutes, so just put the numbers for the hour and minute where they belong. For example:

  • 3 a.m. or 3 นาฬิกา (sǎam naa-lí-gaa) is 3:00 น.
  • 4 p.m. or 16 นาฬิกา (sìp-hòk naa-lí-gaa) is 16:00 น.
  • 10:26 a.m. or 10 นาฬิกา 26 นาที (sìp naa-lí-gaa yîi-sìp-hòk naa-thii) is 10:26 น.
  • 11:58 p.m. or 23 นาฬิกา 58 นาที (yîi-sìp-sǎam naa-lí-gaa hâa-sìp-bpàaet naa-thii) is 23:58 น.

3- Common Formal Time-Related Sentences and Phrases

Now, let’s practice some sentences and phrases for telling time in Thai in formal situations.

What time is it?

  • ขณะนี้เวลาเท่าไหร่
  • Khà-nà-níi wee-laa thâo-rài
What Time Is It?

The current time is …..

  • ขณะนี้เวลา ….. นาฬิกา ….. นาที
  • Khà-nà-níi wee-laa ….. naa-lí-ga ….. naa-thii

What time is the …..? 

  • ….. เวลาอะไร
  • ….. wee-laa à-rai

Example:  

ประชุมเวลาอะไร

Bprà-chum wee-laa à-rai

“What time is the meeting?”

The time for XXX is ….. o’clock ….. minute.

  • XXX เวลา ….. นาฬิกา ….. นาที
  • XXX wee-laa ….. naa-lí-gaa ….. naa-thii

Example:  

ประชุมเวลา 10 นาฬิกา

Bprà-chum wee-laa sìp naa-lí-gaa

“The time for the meeting is 10 o’clock.”

3. Informal Way to Tell Time in Thai 

You’ve already learned the formal way to tell the time. Now, let’s learn the informal way. Thai people use this a lot in daily communication, both for speaking and writing.

The first thing you need to know is the main difference between the formal and informal ways to tell time in Thai. For the formal way, Thai people use the twenty-four-hour clock; for the informal way, Thai people use the twelve-hour clock.

When Thai people tell time informally, they either give you the number specifically or tell you the general period of time. We’ll explain both below, respectively. 

1- Informal Way to Say ….. O’clock in Thai

This is more difficult than the formal way of telling the time. Since the way you tell time is different for each period of the day, you have a bit to remember. For easy understanding, we’ve summarized what you need to remember in the table below.

TimeThai wordThai wordExample
1-5 a.m.1-5 a.m.dtii…..ตีสาม (dtii sǎam) is “3 a.m.” in Thai.
6-11 a.m.….. โมงเช้า….. moong cháo7 โมงเช้า (jèt moong cháo) is “7 a.m.” in Thai.
12 p.m.เที่ยงวันthîiang wan
1-5 p.m.บ่าย ….. โมงbàai ….. moongบ่ายสี่โมง (bàai sìi moong) is “4 p.m.” in Thai.
6 p.m.หกโมงเย็นhòk moong yen
 The informal way of telling time from 7-11 p.m. is special. The way to say this is …ทุ่ม (…thûm). However, instead of saying the number on the clock, Thai people start counting 7 as 1, 8 as 2, and so on. 
7 p.m.1 ทุ่มnùeng thûm
8 p.m.2 ทุ่มsǎawng thûm
9 p.m.3 ทุ่มsǎam thûm
10 p.m.4 ทุ่มsìi thûm
11 p.m.5 ทุ่มhâa thûm
12 a.m.6 ทุ่มthîiang-kuuen

2- Informal Way to Give the Minutes in Thai

The informal way of giving someone the hour is quite hard as there’s a lot to remember. However, that’s probably the most difficult part of this lesson and you’ve already passed it. Another bit of good news is that the minute part is pretty easy. There are only three points you have to remember.

0 minute in Thai 

Thai word: ตรง (dtrong)

How to use: In English, if it’s XX:00 a.m. or XX:00 p.m., such as 3 p.m. sharp, you ignore the minute part.  However, Thai people put the word ตรง (dtrong) after the o’clock time.

Example:  

ตอนนี้เวลา 9 โมงตรง

dtaawn-níi wee-laa gâo moong dtrong

“It is 9 a.m. now.”

30 minutes in Thai 

Thai word: ครึ่ง (khrûeng)

How to use

There are two ways to use this word in Thai. 

The first is to just put ครึ่ง (khrûeng) after the o’clock time.  

The second is, if you want to say thirty minutes as a period of time, you use ครึ่งชั่วโมง (khrûeng chûua-moong), which means “half an hour” in Thai.

Example 1:  

เจอกันตอนสองทุ่มครึ่งนะ

Jooe gan dtaawn sǎawng thûm khrûeng ná

“I will meet you at 7:30 p.m.”

Example 2:  

แม่ใช้เวลาทำซุปครึ่งชั่วโมง

Mâae chái wee-laa tham súp khrûeng chûua-moong

“Mom spent thirty minutes cooking soup.”

….. minutes in Thai

Thai word: XX นาที (naa-thii)

How to use: Now that we’ve covered the 0-minute and 30-minute rules, the rest is very easy. It’s the same as the formal way to tell the time. You just put the number followed by นาที (naa-thii).

Example:  

หนังจะเริ่มตอน 10 โมง 15 นาที

Nǎng jà rôoem dtaawn sìp moong sìp-hâa naa-thii

“The movie will start at 10:15 a.m.”

3- Informal Way to Tell the Time Period in Thai

Now that you can tell the time, let’s learn the name of each time period Thai people use in daily life. Thai people use ตอน (dtaawn) followed by the names of each period, except midnight.

Morning (6-9 a.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเช้า (dtaawn-cháo)

Example:  

ตอนเช้าแถวนี้รถติดมาก

Dtaawn-cháo thǎaeo níi rót thìt mâak

“In the morning, the traffic is very bad around here.”

Nice Weather in the Morning

Morning (9-12 a.m.)  

Thai word: ตอนสาย (dtaawn-sǎai)

Example:  

พ่อออกกำลังกายตอนสาย ๆ ทุกวัน

Phâaw àawk-gam-lang-gaai dtaawn-sǎai-sǎai thúk wan

“Dad exercises every day in the morning.”

Noon (12 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเที่ยง (dtaawn-thîiang)

Example:  

ตอนเที่ยงอากาศข้างนอกร้อนมาก

Dtaawn-thîiang aa-gàat khâang nâawk ráawn mâak

“The weather outside is very hot at noon.”

Afternoon (1-3 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนบ่าย (dtaawn-bàai)

Example:  

ตอนบ่ายวันพรุ่งนี้ ฉันมีประชุม

Dtaawn-bàai wan phrûng-níi chǎn mii bprà-chum

“I have a meeting tomorrow afternoon.”

Afternoon (3-6 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเย็น (dtaawn-yen)

Example:  

ร้านอาหารแถวบ้านคิวยาวมากตอนเย็น

ráan aa-hǎan thǎaeo bâan khiu yaao mâak dtaawn-yen

“The queue of restaurants near my home is very long in the evening.”

Evening (6-9 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนค่ำ (dtaawn-khâm)

Example:  

น้องกลับถึงบ้านตอนค่ำเพราะรถติด

Náawng glàp thǔng bâan dtaawn-khâm phráw rót dtìt

“My sister came back home in the evening because of a traffic jam.”

Night (9-12 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนดึก (dtaawn-dùek)

Example:  

เธอตื่นสายเพราะมัวแต่เล่นเกมส์ตอนดึกเมื่อคืน

thooe dtùuen sǎai phráw muua dtàae lèn geem dtaawn-dùek mûuea-khuuen

“She woke up late because she played a game last night.”

Midnight (12 a.m.) 

Thai word: เที่ยงคืน (thîiang-khuuen)

Example:  

เที่ยงคืนแล้ว ยังนอนไม่หลับเลย

Thîiang-khuuen láaeo yang naawn mâi làp looei

“I still can’t sleep despite it being midnight.”

It’s Already Midnight

4- Common Informal Time-Related Sentences and Phrases

Now that you know how to informally tell the time in Thai, you should practice some time-related sentences and phrases to use in real life! 

What time is it?

  • ตอนนี่กี่โมงแล้ว
  • Dtaawn-níi gìi moong láaeo

The current time is ….. 

  • ตอนนี้เวลา …..
  • Dtaawn-níi wee-laa …..

What time is the …..? 

  • ….. ตอนกี่โมง
  • ….. dtaawn gìi moong

Example:  

กินข้าวเย็นตอนกี่โมง

gin kâao yen dtaawn gìi moong

“What time is dinner?”

The time for XXX is YYY.

  • XXX ตอน YYY
  • XXX dtawwn YYY

Example:  

กินข้าวเย็นตอน 6 โมงครึ่ง

Gin khâao yen dtaawn hòk moong khrûeng

“The time for dinner is at 6:30 p.m.”

4. Time Adverbs in Thai 

Now that you know how to tell time in Thai, it’s useful to know some time adverbs as well. They will enable you to include more detail and speak more like a native when telling the time in Thai. Here’s a list of time adverbs you should know:

1- Right now 

Thai word: ตอนนี้ (thaawn-níi); เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi)

Example 1:  

เธอต้องทำตอนนี้เลย

Thooe dtâawng tham dtaawn-níi looei

“You have to do it right now.”

Example 2:  

ออกไปเดี๋ยวนี้เลย!!

Àawk bpai dǐiao-níi loei

“Get out right now!!”

Additional note:  

ตอนนี้ (thaawn-níi) and เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi) are pretty much the same and can be used interchangeably. However, เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi) conveys a more immediate and urgent feeling.

2- Currently

Thai word: ปัจจุบันนี้ (bpàt-jù-baan níi)

Example:  

ปัจจุบันนี้ โรงเรียนของเรามีนักเรียน 500 คน

Bpàt-jù-baan níi roong-riian khǎawng rao mii nák riian hâa-ráauy khon

“Currently, our school has 500 students.”

3- Before 

Thai word: ก่อน (gàawn)

Example:  

อย่าลืมล้างมือก่อนกินข้าว

Yàa luuem láang muue gàawn gin khâao

“Don’t forget to wash your hands before the meal.”

Additional note:  

When using ก่อน (gàawn), the event that happens first is always in front of ก่อน (gàawn), while the event that happens later is put behind it.

4- After

Thai word: หลัง (lǎang)

Example:  

หลังกินอาหาร ต้องทานยาทันที

Lǎang gin aa-hǎan dtâawng thaan yaa than-thii

“Take medicine immediately after meals.”

Additional note:  

When using หลัง (lǎang), the event that happens later always follows หลัง (lǎang). But the event that happens first can be both in front of and after หลัง (lǎang).

5- Soon 

Thai word: เร็ว ๆ นี้ (reo-reo-níi)

Example:  

เจอกันเร็ว ๆ นี้

Jooe gan reo-reo-níi

“See you soon.”

6- Almost 

Thai word: เกือบ (gùueap)

Example:  

อาหารเกือบจะเสร็จแล้ว

Aa-hǎan gùueap jà sèt láaeo

“The food is almost done.”

7- In a while

Thai word: อีกสักครู่ (ìik sàk-khrûu)

Example:  

งานจะจบในอีกสักครู่

Ngaan jà jòp nai ìik sàk-khrûu

“The event will end in a while.”

8- For a long time

Thai word: เป็นเวลานาน (bpen wee-laa naan)

Example:  

เขาอาศัยอยู่ที่บ้านหลังนี้เป็นเวลานานแล้ว

Khǎo aa-sǎi yùu thîi bâan lǎang níi bpen wee-laa naan láaeo

“He has lived in his house for a long time.”

9- Anytime

Thai word: เมื่อไหร่ก็ได้ (mûuea-rài gâaw dâi); ตอนไหนก็ได้ (dtaawn-nǎi gâaw dâi)

Example 1:  

เธอจะมาที่นี่เมื่อไหร่ก็ได้

Thooe jà ma thîi nîi mûuea-rài gâaw dâi

“You can come here anytime.”

Example 2:  

พรุ่งนี้วันอาทิตย์ ฉันจะตื่นนอนตอนไหนก็ได้

Phrûng-níi wan-aa-thít chǎn jà dtùuen naawn dtaawn nǎi gâaw dâi

“Tomorrow is Sunday. I can wake up anytime.”

Additional note:  

เมื่อไหร่ก็ได้ (mûuea-rài gâaw dâi) and ตอนไหนก็ได้ (dtaawn-nǎi gâaw dâi) are exactly the same and can substitute one another.

10- As soon as possible

Thai word: โดยเร็วที่สุด (dooi reo thîi sùt)

Example:  

ฉันจะทำให้เสร็จโดยเร็วที่สุด

Chǎn jà tham hâi sèt dooi reo thîi sùt

“I will finish it as soon as possible.”

5. Time-Related Proverbs and Sayings in Thai

As you learn about Thai time, it’s a great idea to learn some proverbs and sayings about time in Thai. Below are five proverbs and sayings you should know! 

1- ผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง

Thai pronunciation: phàt-wan-bprà-gan-prûng

Literal meaning:  –

English meaning: Keep postponing the time

Explanation: This proverb is used to explain a situation in which something is being postponed many times over. For example, A promises to finish his homework on Saturday at first, but then he tells his mom that he’ll finish it on Sunday instead. When Sunday comes, he tells her that he’ll  finish on Monday. ผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง (phàt-wan-bprà-gan-prûng) can explain A’s behavior well.

Example:  

ทำให้เสร็จเลย อย่าผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง

Tham hâi sèt looei  yàa phàt-wan-bprà-gan-phrûng

“Finish it now, don’t keep postponing the deadline.”

2- ไก่โห่

Thai pronunciation: gài-hòo

Literal meaning: Cock yells.

English meaning: Very early morning

Explanation: Since the cock often crows in the early morning, Thai people call the early morning time ไก่โห่ (gài-hòo).

Example:  

วันนี้แม่ปลุกฉันตั้งแต่ไก่โห่

Wan-níi mâae bplùk chǎn dtâng dtàae gài-hòo

“Today, mom woke me up in the early morning.”

Rooster Crows Loudly

3- คาบเส้นยาแดง

Thai pronunciation: khâap sên yaa daaeng

Literal meaning:  –

English meaning: Almost not finishing the task in time

Explanation: The Thai proverb คาบเส้นยาแดง (khâap sên yaa daaeng) is used to explain when someone nearly misses their deadline to do something.  

Example:  

เธอทำรายงานเสร็จแบบคาบเส้นยาแดงพอดีเลย

Thooe tham raai-ngaan sèt bàaep khâap sên yaa daaeng phaaw dii loeei

“She almost didn’t finish the report in time.”

4- เวลาเป็นเงินเป็นทอง

Thai pronunciation: wee-laa bpen ngen bpen thaawng

Literal meaning: Time is silver and gold.

English meaning: Time is valuable.

Explanation: This Thai saying is used to say that time is valuable. It’s often used in situations when you’re made to wait for no good reason or your time is being wasted.

Example:  

ทำเร็ว ๆ หน่อย อย่าให้ต้องรอนาน เวลาเป็นเงินเป็นทอง

Tham reo-reo nàauy yàa hâi dtâawng raaw naan wee-laa bpen ngen bpen thaawng

“Quickly, don’t make me wait. My time is valuable.”

5- เวลาผ่านไปไวเหมือนโกหก

Thai pronunciation: wee-la phàan bpai wai mǔuean goo-hok

Literal meaning: Time passed quickly as if flying.

English meaning: Time flies.

Explanation: This Thai phrase is used to explain that time passes very quickly. Its meaning is exactly the same as “time flies” in English.

Example:  

อีกไม่กี่วันลูกชายก็จะอายุ 20 ปีแล้ว เวลาผ่านไปไวเหมือนโกหก

Ìik mâi gìi wan lûuk chaai gâaw jà aa-yú yîi-sìp bpii láaeo wee-la phàan bpai wai mǔuean goo-hòk

“My son will be twenty years old in a few days. Time flies.”

6. Conclusion

Basic Questions

What do you think about our Thai time lesson? Did you find it easy or difficult? How does time-telling in Thai compare to telling time in your own language? Please comment below to let us know.

In our opinion, some parts of this lesson are easy while others are a bit more complicated. However, with some practice, you can master it in no time. Try practicing this a lot with your peers or other Thai people you know. If you practice a lot, you’ll find everything you learned here a lot easier to remember. 

And once you’re good with this lesson, don’t forget to check out other interesting and fun lessons at ThaiPod101.com, such as Songkran Festival, Noodle in the Boat, or Wat Phra Kaew. In addition to learning more about the Thai language, you’ll also get to learn about Thai culture and traditions!

Until next time, happy Thai learning!

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Best Guide to Learn Directions in Thai

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Where’s the bus stop? How do you get to this place?  

Learning about Thai directions will make your travels in Thailand much easier. Further, knowing how to ask directions in Thai, and how to give them, is essential if you live or work in Thailand.  

This article will help you successfully learn about directions in the Thai language. You’ll get to learn Thai vocabulary related to directions, such as “right” and “left” in Thai.  In addition, you’ll be able to see how giving directions in Thai works through various sentences and phrases throughout this article. By the end of the lesson, you’ll be able to ask and give directions in Thai with ease.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Around Town in Thai Table of Contents
  1. On the Map: Compass Directions in Thai
  2. On the Road
  3. Landmarks
  4. Basic Grammar for Conversations
  5. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Ask Directions in Thai
  6. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Give Directions in Thai
  7. Real Situation Example
  8. Conclusion

1. On the Map: Compass Directions in Thai

The map is an important tool when it comes to asking and giving directions. Still, you should know that Thai people won’t tell you to go north or south when giving directions in Thai. ทิศ (thít), which is “direction” in Thai, is often used to tell the region of province in Thai conversations.  

Let’s look at the map

That said, here are the most basic words related to maps that you should know! 

1- Region 

Thai word: ภาค (phâak)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. 

Example:   

ประเทศไทยมี 5 ภาค

Bprà-thêet-thai mii hâa phâak

“There are five regions in Thailand.”

2- Central 

Thai word: กลาง (glaang)

Usage: As mentioned above, ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคกลาง (phâak-glaang).

Example:   

กรุงเทพอยู่ภาคกลางของประเทศไทย

Grung-thêep yùu phâak-glaang khǎawng bprà-thêet-thai

“Bangkok is in the central region of Thailand.”

3- North 

Thai word: เหนือ (nǔuea)

Usage: As mentioned above, ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคเหนือ (phâak-nǔuea).

Example:   

ตอนหน้าหนาว อากาศที่ภาคเหนือดีมาก

Dtaawn nâa-nǎao aa-gàat thîi phâak-nǔuea dii mâak

“In winter, the weather in the north is very good.”

4- East 

Thai word: ตะวันออก (dtà-wan-àawk)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันออก (phâak-dtà-wan-àawk).

Example:   

ภาคตะวันออกของไทยมีทะเลสวย

Phâak-dtà-wan-àawk khǎawng thai mii thá-lee sǔuai

“The east part of Thailand has a beautiful sea.”

5- West 

Thai word: ตะวันตก (dtà-wan-dtòk)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันตก (phâak-dtà-wan-dtòk).

Example:   

ภาคตะวันตกของไทยอยู่ติดพม่า

Phâak-dtà-wan-dtòk khǎawng thai yùu dtìt phá-mâa

“The west part of Thailand is next to Myanmar.”

6- South 

Thai word: ใต้ (dtâi)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคใต้ (phâak-dtâi).

Example:   

นักท่องเที่ยวชอบไปที่ภาคใต้ของไทย

Nák-thâawng-thîiao châawp bpai thîi phâak-dtâi khǎawng thai

“Travelers like to go to the south of Thailand.”

7- Northeast 

Thai word: ตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ (dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ (dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea).

Example:   

ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือของไทยอากาศร้อนเกือบตลอดปี

Phâak-dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea khǎawng thai aa-gàat ráawn gùueap dtà-làawt bpii

“The weather of the northeast part of Thailand is hot almost all year.”

Additional Information: The northeast part of Thailand has another name, which is ภาคอีสาน (phâak-ii-sǎan).

8- Upper part

Thai word: ตอนบน (dtaawn-bon)

Usage: ตอนบน (dtaawn-bon) is often used to further indicate the part or region that the province or place is at. The word is put after the region.

Example:   

ภาคกลางตอนบนจะมีฝนตกพรุ่งนี้

Phâak-glaang dtaawn-bon jà mii fǒn dtòk phrûng-níi

“It will rain in the upper part of the central region tomorrow.”

9- Lower part 

Thai word: ตอนล่าง (dtaawn-lâang)

Usage: ตอนล่าง (dtaawn-lâang) is often used to further indicate the part or region that the province or place is at. The word is put after the region.

Example:   

อากาศของภาคเหนือตอนล่างเริ่มร้อนแล้ว

Aa-gàat khǎawng phâak-nǔuea dtaawn-lâang rôoem ráawn láaeo

“The weather of the lower part of the north is getting hot now.”

2. On the Road

Directions

This part of the lesson will teach you vocabulary used when asking and giving directions in Thai, such as “left” and “right.”  You should try your best to remember these words.

1- Left 

Thai word: ซ้าย (sáai)

Usage: Sometimes, Thai people use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand” in Thai with the word ซ้าย (sáai): ซ้ายมือ (sáai muue).  

Example:  

ซ้ายมือด้านหน้ามีร้านสะดวกซื้ออยู่

Sáai muue dâan-nâa mii ráan sà-dùuak súue yùu

“There is a convenience store ahead on your left.”

2- Right 

Thai word: ขวา (kwǎa)

Usage: Sometimes, Thai people use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand” in Thai with the word ขวา (khwǎa): ขวามือ (khwǎa muue).

Example:  

พอเลี้ยวซ้ายแล้ว จะเจอโรงแรมอยู่ด้านขวามือ

Phaaw líiao sáai láaeo jà jooe roong-raaem yùu dâan khwǎa muue

“Once you turn left, you will find the hotel on your right.”

3- Front 

Thai word: หน้า (nâa)

Usage: Thai people often put ข้าง (khâang) or ด้าน (dâan) in front of หน้า (nâa) when talking about direction, though the meaning stays the same. 

Example:  

ด้านหน้าโรงแรมมีตู้ไปรษณีย์อยู่

Dâan nâa roong-raaem mii dtûu bprai-sà-nii yùu

“There is a post box in front of the hotel.”

4- Back / Behind

Thai word: หลัง (lǎng)

Usage: Thai people often put ข้าง (khâang) or ด้าน (dâan) in front of หลัง (lǎng) when talking about direction, though the meaning stays the same.  

Example:  

สวนสาธารณะอยู่ข้างหลังร้านอาหาร

Sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná yùu khâang lǎng ráan aa-hǎan

“The park is behind the restaurant.”

5- Near 

Thai word: ใกล้ (glâi)

Usage: A + อยู่ใกล้ (yùu glâi) is how you use ใกล้ (glâi) in the Thai language. It means “A is near.”

Example:  

โรงเรียนอยู่ใกล้

roong-riian yùu glâi

“The school is near.”

6- Far 

Thai word: ไกล (glai)

Usage: A + อยู่ไกล (yùu glai) is how you use ไกล (glai) in the Thai language. It means “A is far.”

Example:  

ห้างอยู่ไกล

hâang yùu glai

“The department store is far.”

7- Next to / Beside 

Thai word: ถัดจาก (thàt jàak); ข้าง (khâang)

Usage 1: A + อยู่ถัดจาก (yùu thàt jàak) + B is how you use ถัดจาก (thàt jàak) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to B.”

Usage 2A + อยู่ข้าง  (yùu khâang) + B is how you use ข้าง (khâang) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to or beside B.”

Example 1:  

ธนาคารอยู่ถัดจากร้านเบเกอรี่

Thá-naa-khaan yùu thàt jàak ráan bee-gooe-rîi

“The bank is next to the baker shop.”

Example 2:  

บ้านของฉันอยู่ข้างร้านอาหาร

Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu khâang ráan aa-hǎan

“My house is next to the restaurant.”

8- Opposite to / Across from

Thai word: ตรงข้าม (dtrong-khâam); ฝั่งตรงข้าม (fàng dtrong-khâam)

Usage: A + อยู่ตรงข้าม (yùu dtrong-khâam) or อยู่ฝั่งตรงข้าม (yùu fàng  dtrong-khâam) + B is how you use ตรงข้าม (dtrong-khâam) and ฝั่งตรงข้าม (fàng dtrong-khâam) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to or beside B.” 

Example 1:  

ห้องสมุดอยู่ตรงข้ามลิฟต์

Hâawng-sà-mùt yùu dtrong-khâam líp

“The library is opposite the elevator.”

Example 2:  

ฉันรอเธออยู่ฝั่งตรงข้ามประชาสัมพันธ์

Chǎn raaw thooe yùu fàng dtrong-khâam bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan

“I’m across from the information center, waiting for you.”

9- Away from 

Thai word: ห่างจาก (hàang jàak)

Usage: ห่างจาก (hàang jàak) + A is how you use ห่างจาก (hàang jaak) in the Thai language. It means “away from A.”

Example:  

อยู่ให้ห่างจากประตูรถเมล์นะ

Yùu hâi hàang jàak bprà-dtuu rót-mee ná

“Stay away from the bus’s door.”

10- By the intersection

Thai word: ตรงทางแยก (dtrong thaang-yâaek)

Usage: A+ อยู่ตรงทางแยก (yùu dtrong thaang-yâaek) is how you use ตรงทางแยก (dtrong thaang-yâaek) in the Thai language. It means “A is by the intersection.”

Example:  

สถานีตำรวจอยู่ตรงทางแยก

Sà-thǎa-nii dtam-rùuat yùu dtrong thaang-yâaek

“The police station is by the intersection.”

11- Corner

Thai word: หัวมุม (hǔua-mum)

Usage: A+ อยู่ตรงหัวมุม (yùu dtrong hǔua-mum) is how you use หัวมุม (hǔua-mum) in the Thai language.  It means “A is around the corner.”

Example:  

พ่อซื้อของอยู่ตรงหัวมุมถนน

Phâaw súue khǎawng yùu dtrong hǔua-mum thà-nǒn

“Dad is around the corner of the road, shopping.”

3. Landmarks

To learn Thai directions, it’s also important to learn and remember some landmark vocabulary.  Below are the most important ones that will be very useful for you when giving or asking directions in Thai.

1- In the city 

Thai word: ในเมือง (nai muueang)

Usage: A+ อยู่ในเมือง (yùu nai muueang) is how you use ในเมือง (nai muueang) in the Thai language. It means “A is in the city.”

Example:  

บ้านของฉันอยู่ในเมือง

Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu nai muueang

“My house is in the city.”

2- Airport

Thai word: สนามบิน (sà-nǎam-bin)

Example:  

พรุ่งนี้ฉันต้องไปสนามบินก่อน 8 โมง

Phrûng-níi chǎn dtâawng bpai sà-nǎam-bim gàawn bpàaet moong

“Tomorrow, I have to be at the airport by eight in the morning.”

At the airport

3- Train station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟ (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai)

Example:  

หัวลำโพงคือชื่อของสถานีรถไฟในกรุงเทพ

Hǔua-lam-phoong khuue chûue khǎawng sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai nai grung-thêep

“Hualampoong is the name of the train station in Bangkok.”

4- Subway station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟใต้ดิน (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai dtâi din)

Example:  

สถานีรถไฟใต้ดินอยู่ตรงไหน

Sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai dtâi din yùu dtrong nǎi

“Where is the subway station?”

Additional Information: Thai people often call subways and subway stations “MRT,” which stands for Metropolitan Rapid Transit.

go by subway

5- Sky train station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟฟ้า (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai-fáa)

Example:  

ฉันกำลังจะไปสถานีรถไฟฟ้า

Chǎn gam-lang jà bpai sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai-fáa

“I’m about to go to a sky train station.”

Additional Information: Thai people often call sky trains and sky train stations “BTS,” which is the abbreviation of the name of the company that runs the sky train in Thailand.

6- Center of the city 

Thai word: ใจกลางเมือง (jai glaang muueang)

Usage: A+ อยู่ใจกลางเมือง (yùu jai glaang muueng) is how you use ใจกลางเมือง (jai glaang muueang) in the Thai language. It means “A is in the center of the city.”

Example:  

คอนโดที่อยู่ใจกลางเมืองราคาแพงมาก

Khaawn-doo thîi yùu jai glaang muueang raa-khaa phaaeng mâak

“The condo at the center of the city is very expensive.”

7- Hotel 

Thai word: โรงแรม (roong-raaem)

Example:  

เธอพักอยู่โรงแรมอะไร

Thooe phák yùu roong-raaem à-rai

“Which hotel are you staying at?”

8- Hospital 

Thai word: โรงพยาบาล (roong-phá-yaa-baan)

Example:  

แถวนี้มีโรงพยาบาลมั๊ย

thǎao níi mii roong-phá-ya-baan mái

“Is there a hospital around here?”

Additional Information: Sometimes, in informal conversations, Thai people shorten the word โรงพยาบาล (roong-phá-yaa-baan) to โรงบาล (roong-baan).  

9- Park 

Thai word: สวนสาธารณะ (sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná)

Example:  

ที่สวนสาธารณะอากาศดี

thîi sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná aa-gàat dii

“The weather at the park is good.”

10- Bank 

Thai word: ธนาคาร (thá-naa-khaan)

Example:  

ธนาคารปิดวันอาทิตย์

Thá-naa-khaan bpìt wan-aa-thít

“The bank closes on Sunday.”

11- Restaurant 

Thai word: ร้านอาหาร (ráan aa-hǎan)

Example:  

แถวนี้มีร้านอาหารหลายร้าน

Thǎao níi mii ráan aa-hǎan lǎai ráan

“There are many restaurants around here.”

12- Department store 

Thai word: ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa)

Example:  

ห้างสรรพสินค้าเปิดตอน 10 โมง

Hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa bpòoet dtaawn sìp moong

“The department store opens at ten in the morning.”

Additional Information: ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa) is too long for Thai people, so they rarely use this word in daily conversation. They shorten it to ห้าง (hâang) instead. ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa) is normally used in formal situations only.

13- Intersection 

Thai word: ทางแยก (thaang-yâaek)

Example:  

พอถึงทางแยกแล้วให้เลี้ยวซ้าย

Phaaw thǔeng thaang-yâaek láaeo hâi líiao sáai

“Turn left at the intersection.”

14- Cross road

Thai word: ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai)

Usage: ข้ามถนน (khâam thà-nǒn) is often used with ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai), and it means “cross the road” in Thai.

Example:  

ทุกคนควรข้ามถนนที่ทางม้าลาย

Thúk-khon khuuan khâam thà-nǒn thîi thaang máa-laai 

“Everybody should cross the road at the crossroad.”

Cross the road at the crossroad only!!

Additional Information: Actually, the word ม้าลาย (máa-laai) in ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai) refers to “zebra” in Thai. Thai people think crossroads look like the stripes of a zebra, so they use it as part of the name.

15- Alley 

Thai word: ซอย (saauy)

Example:  

กรุงเทพฯมีซอยเยอะมาก 

Grung-thêep mii saauy yóe mâak

“There are a lot of alleys in Bangkok.”

Additional Information: Apart from “alley,” ซอย (saauy) can also mean “slice quickly” in Thai.

16- Restroom 

Thai word: ห้องน้ำ (hâawng-nám)

Example:  

ห้องน้ำสะอาดมั๊ย

Hâawng-nám sà-àat mái

“Is the restroom clean?”

Additional Information: Apart from “restroom,” ห้องน้ำ (hâawng-nám) also means “bathroom.”

17- Elevator 

Thai word: ลิฟต์ (líp)

Example:  

ลิฟต์ในตึกนี้ช้ามาก

Líp nai dtùek níi cháa mâak

“The elevator in this building is so slow.”

18- Parking lot 

Thai word: ที่จอดรถ (thîi jàawt rót); ลานจอดรถ (laan jàawt rót)

Usage: Despite having the same meaning, there is a small difference between these two words. ลานจอดรถ (laan jàawt rót) is only used to refer to a wide area where you can park many cars. On the other hand, ที่จอดรถ (thîi jàawt rót) can be used to refer to both a wide area for parking and a small area where you can park only one car.

Example:  

ที่จอดรถเต็มรึยัง

thîi jàawt rót dtem rúe yang

“Is the parking lot full?”

19- Information center

Thai word: ประชาสัมพันธ์ (bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan)

Example:  

ประชาสัมพันธ์ของห้างนี้อยู่ชั้น G

Bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan khǎawng hâang níi yùu chán jii

“The information center of this department store is on the ground floor.”

20- Fire exit 

Thai word: ทางหนีไฟ (thaang nǐi fai)

Example:  

ทางหนีไฟอยู่ข้างห้องน้ำ

Thaang nǐi fai yùu khâang hâawng-nám

“The fire exit is next to the restroom.”

4. Basic Grammar for Conversations

Basic questions

Before we teach you how to give directions in Thai or ask for them with phrases and sentences, it will be easier to learn and remember if you know some basic Thai grammar used in conversations.

To make a sentence sound formal in Thai, Thai people put the words ครับ (khráp) and ค่ะ (khâ) at the end of a sentence. ครับ (khráp) is used when the speaker is male, while ค่ะ (khâ) is used when the speaker is female. Another point you should know is that for females, at the end of a question, Thai people use คะ (khâ).

5. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Ask Directions in Thai 

Asking directions

At this point of the lesson, you’ll learn useful phrases and sentences you can use to ask directions in Thai.

1- Excuse me 

Thai word: ขอโทษ (khǎaw-thôot)

Usage: The way Thai people use this word is exactly the same as in English. Thai people say this word to get attention from another party before asking a question.

Example

ขอโทษค่ะ  ที่นี่คือวัดพระแก้วใช่มั๊ยคะ

Khǎaw-thôot khâ thîi nîi khuue wát-prá-gâaeo châi mái khá

“Excuse me, is this place the Temple of the Emerald Buddha?”

Additional Information: In addition to “excuse me,” ขอโทษ (khǎaw-thôot) can also mean “sorry.” 

Excuse me, where is …..?

2- Where is ….. ? 

Thai word: ….. อยู่ที่ไหน (….. yùu thîi nǎi), ….. อยู่ตรงไหน (….. yùu dtrong nǎi)

Usage: The meaning of ….. อยู่ที่ไหน (….. yùu thîi nǎi) and ….. อยู่ตรงไหน (….. yùu dtrong nǎi) are pretty much the same. You can substitute one for another. 

Example 1

ขอโทษครับ  ห้องน้ำอยู่ที่ไหนครับ

Khǎaw-thôot khráp hâawng-nám yùu thîi nǎi khráp

“Excuse me, where is the bathroom?”

Example 2

ร้านกาแฟอยู่ตรงไหนคะ

Ráan gaa-faae yùu dtrong nǎi khá

“Where is the coffee shop?”

3- How do I get to ….. ? 

Thai word: ไป…..ยังไง (bpai ….. yang-ngai)

Usage: Actually, the full sentence is ฉันจะไป…ได้ยังไง (chǎn jà  bpai ….. dâi yang-ngai). But Thai people think it’s too long to say, so they shorten it to ไป…..ยังไง (bpai ….. yang-ngai).  

Example:  

ไปจตุจักรยังไงคะ

Bpai jà-dtù-jàk yang-ngai khá

“How do I get to Jathujak?”

4- Is ….. far from here? 

Thai word: …..อยู่ไกลมั๊ย (….. yùu glai mái)

Usage: Actually, the full sentence is …..อยู่ไกลจากที่นี่มั๊ย (….. yùu glai jàak thîi nîi mái). But Thai people think it’s too long to say, so they shorten it to …..อยู่ไกลมั๊ย (….. yùu glai mái). 

Example:  

เยาวราชอยู่ไกลมั๊ยคะ

Yao-wá-râat yùu glai mái khá

“Is Yaowaraat far from here?”

5- Thank you

Thai word: ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun)

Usage: In case you want to show that you’re really thankful, you can put มาก (mâak) after ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), which means “very” or “a lot” in Thai. 

Example:  

ขอบคุณมากครับ

Khàawp-khun mâak khráp

“Thank you very much.”

6. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Give Directions in Thai 

Lastly, you’ll learn useful phrases and sentences you can use to give directions in Thai.

1- Go straight ahead

Thai word: ตรงไป (dtrong bpai); ตรงไปข้างหน้า (dtrong bpai khâang nâa)

Usage: Comparing both phrases, there’s not much difference between them. If you say ตรงไปข้างหน้า (dtrong bpai khâang nâa), it’s like giving a direction in more detail. 

Another thing you should know is that Thai people often put verbs that show movement in front of this phrase. Those verbs are เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” วิ่ง (wîng), which means “run,” and ขับ (khàp), which means “drive.”

Example 1:  

ถ้าเดินตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ จะเจอร้านอาหารฝั่งขวามือ

Thâa dooen dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai jà jooe ráan aa-hǎan fàng khwǎa muue

“If you walk straight ahead, you’ll find the restaurant on your right.”

Example 2:  

ขับตรงไปข้างหน้าแล้วเลี้ยวเข้าซอยแรกฝั่งซ้ายมือ

Khàp dtrong bpai khâang nâa láaeo liiáo khâo saauy râaek fàng sáai muue

“Go straight ahead and then turn into the first alley on your left.”

2- Go back 

Thai word: กลับไปทางเดิม (glàp bpai thaang dooem)

Usage: กลับไปทางเดิม (glàp bpai thaang dooem) literally means “go back to the same way.” If a Thai person said only กลับไป (glàp bpai), which means “go back,” its meaning would be too vague. 

Example:  

ลูกค้าเดินเลยมาแล้วค่ะ  กลับไปทางเดิมประมาณ 500 เมตรนะคะ

Lûuk-kháa dooen looei maa láaeo khâ glàp bpai thaang dooem bprà-maan  hâa-ráauy méet ná khâ

“The customer already walked past that. Go back around 500 meters.”

3- Make a U-turn 

Thai word: กลับรถ (glàp rót)

Example:  

กลับรถตรงสี่แยกเลยครับ

Glàp rót dtrong sìi yâaek looei khráp

“Make a U-turn at the intersection.”

4- Turn left / Go left 

Thai word: เลี้ยวซ้าย (líiao sáai); ไปทางซ้าย (bpai thaang sáai)

Usage: เลี้ยวซ้าย (líiao sáai) is “turn left” in Thai, while ไปทางซ้าย (bpai thaang sáai) is “go left.” Despite having different meanings in English, both words refer to the same action in Thai. They can be used interchangeably.

Example 1:  

พอเจอทางแยกแล้วให้ไปทางซ้าย

Phaaw jooe thaang yâaek láaeo hâi bpai thaang sáai

“Go left once you are at the intersection.”

Example 2:  

เลี้ยวซ้ายแล้วเดินมาอีก 500 เมตรก็ถึง

Líiao sáai láaeo dooen maa ìik hâa-ráauy méet gâaw thǔeng

“Turn left and walk for another 500 meters, you will arrive.”

Go left

5- Turn right / Go right 

Thai word: เลี้ยวขวา (líiao khwǎa); ไปทางขวา (bpai thaang khwǎa)

Usage: เลี้ยวขวา (líiao khwǎa) is “turn right” in Thai, while ไปทางขวา (bpai thaang khwǎa) is “go right.”  Despite having different meanings in English, both words refer to the same action in Thai. They can be used interchangeably.

Example 1:  

ต้องเลี้ยวขวาที่ทางแยกรึเปล่า

Dtâawng líiao khwǎa thîi thaang yâaek rúe bplào

“Do I have to turn right at the intersection?”

Example 2

ถ้าจะไปโรงพยาบาล พอออกจากซอยแล้วให้ไปทางขวา

Thâa jà bpai roong-phá-yaa-baan phaaw àawk jàak saauy láaeo hâi bpai thaang khwǎa

“If you want to go to the hospital, you have to go right when you go out of the alley.”

6- Go upstairs 

Thai word: ขึ้นไปข้างบน (khûen bpai khâang bon)

Usage: Thai people sometimes put เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” in front of ขึ้นไปข้างบน (khûen bpai khâang bon).

Example:  

พอขึ้นไปข้างบนแล้ว ประตูบานแรกที่เจอคือห้องนอนครับ

Phaaw khûen bpai khâang bon láaeo bprà-dtuu baan râaek thîi jooe khuue hâawng-naawn khráp

“Once you go upstairs, the first door you see is the bedroom.”

7- Go downstairs 

Thai word: ลงไปข้างล่าง (long bpai khâang lâang)

Usage: Thai people sometimes put เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” in front of ลงไปข้างล่าง (long bpai khâang lâang).

Example:  

ถ้าจะไปห้องประชุม ต้องเดินลงไปข้างล่างแล้วเลี้ยวซ้าย

thâa jà bpai hâawng bprà-chum dtâawng dooen long bpai khâang lâang láaeo líiao sáai

“If you want to go to the meeting room, you have to go downstairs and then turn left.”

8- Keep going 

Thai word: ตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ (dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai)

Usage: Thai people put verbs that show movement in front of this phrase. Those verbs are เดิน (dooen) which means “walk,” วิ่ง (wîng) which means “run,” and ขับ (khàp) which means “drive.”

Example:  

พอเลยโรงเรียนมาแล้ว ตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ อีกประมาณ 1 กิโลเมตรก็จะเจอโรงแรม

Phaaw looei roong-riian maa láaew khàp dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai ìik bprà-maan nùeng gì-loo-méet gâaw jà jooe roong-raaem

“Once you pass the school, keep going for around one kilometer and you will find the hotel.”

9- Hurry up 

Thai word: เร็วหน่อย (reo nàauy); เร็ว ๆ หน่อย (reo-reo nàauy)

Usage: Both เร็วหน่อย (reo nàauy) and เร็ว ๆ หน่อย (reo-reo nàauy) have the same meaning. The word เร็ว (reo) is “fast” in Thai. So when speaking, Thai people sometimes say the word เร็ว (reo) twice to emphasize that the other person needs to go faster.

Example:  

เร็วหน่อย ไม่งั้นจะไปสาย

Reo nàauy mâi ngán jà bpai sǎai

“Hurry up or else I/we will be late.”

10- Slow down 

Thai word: ช้าหน่อย (cháa nàauy); ช้า ๆ หน่อย (cháa-cháa nàauy)

Usage: Both ช้าหน่อย (cháa nàauy) and ช้า ๆ หน่อย (cháa-cháa nàauy) have the same meaning. The word ช้า (cháa) is “slow” in Thai. So when speaking, Thai people sometimes say the word ช้า (cháa) twice to emphasize that the other person should go slower.

Example:  

เธอขับรถเร็วไปแล้ว ช้า ๆ หน่อย

Thooe khàp rót reo bpai láaeo cháa-cháa nàauy

“You are driving too fast, slow down.”

Slow down, the light has already turned red

11- On the left 

Thai word: อยู่ฝั่งซ้าย (yùu fàng sáai); อยู่ด้านซ้าย (yùu dâan sáai)

Usage: There’s no difference between อยู่ฝั่งซ้าย (yùu fàng sáai) and อยู่ด้านซ้าย (yùu dâan sáai). Also, as mentioned earlier, Thai people sometimes use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand,” with the word ซ้าย (sáai): ซ้ายมือ (sáai muue). This applies here as well. 

Example 1:  

สวนสาธารณะอยู่ด้านซ้ายของคอนโด

Sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná yùu dâan sáai khǎawng khaawn-doo

“The park is on the left of the condo.”

Example 2:  

ถ้าเธอเดินตรงไป จะเจอซอยอยู่ฝั่งซ้ายมือ

Thâa thooe dooen dtrong bpai jà jooe saauy yùu fàng sáai muue

“If you walk straight, you will find an alley on your left.”

12- On the right 

Thai word: อยู่ฝั่งขวา (yùu fàng khwǎa); อยู่ด้านขวา (yùu dâan khwǎa)

Usage: There’s no difference between อยู่ฝั่งขวา (yùu fàng khwǎa) and อยู่ด้านขวา (yùu dâan khwǎa). And as mentioned earlier, Thai people sometimes use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand,” with the word ขวา (khwǎa): ขวามือ (khwǎa muue). This applies here as well.

Example 1:  

พอเลี้ยวซ้ายแล้ว บ้านเธออยู่ฝั่งขวาใช่มั๊ย

Phaaw líiao sáai láaeo bâan thooe yùu fàng khwǎa châi mái

“Once I turn left, is your house on the right?”

Example 2:  

ร้านดอกไม้อยู่ด้านขวาของธนาคารใช่มั๊ย

Ráan dàawk-mái yùu dâan khwǎa khǎawng thá-naa-khaan châi mái

“Is the flower shop on the right of the bank?”

7. Real Situation Example

To help you better understand how to ask for and give directions in Thailand, and so you can practice, we’ll put everything we’ve gone over in this lesson together with real-life examples.

1- How do I get to Paragon?

A:  

ขอโทษค่ะ  ไปพารากอนยังไงคะ

khǎaw-thôot-khà bpai-paa-raa-gâawn-yang-ngai-khá

“Excuse me, how do I get to Paragon?”

B:  

ไปทางรถไฟฟ้าได้ครับ เดินตรงไปข้างหน้า เลี้ยวซ้าย แล้วเดินไปเรื่อย ๆ จะเจอสถานีรถไฟฟ้าครับ

bpai-thaang-rót-fai-fáa-dâi-kráp dooen-dtrong-bpai-khâang-nhâa líiao-sáai láaew-dooen-bpai- rûueai-rûueai jà-joee-sà-thǎan-nii-rót-fai-fáa-khráp

“You can go by sky train. You go straight ahead, turn left, and then keep going until you find the sky train station.”

A:  

สถานีรถไฟฟ้าอยู่ไกลมั๊ยคะ

sà-thǎan-nii-rót-fai-fáa-yhùu-glai-mái-khá

“Is the sky train station far from here?”

B:  

ไม่ไกลมากครับ  เดินประมาณ 5 นาทีครับ

mâi-glai-mâak-kráp dooen-bprà-maan-hâa-naa-thii-khráp

“It’s not very far, around a five-minute walk.”

A:  

แล้วต้องลงสถานีรถไฟฟ้าไหนคะ

láaew-dtâawng-long-sà-thǎan-nii-rót-fai-fáa-nhǎi-khá

“And which sky train station should I get off at?”

B:  

สถานีสยามครับ

sà-thǎan-nii-sà-yǎam-khráp

“Siam Station.”

A:  

ขอบคุณค่ะ

khàawp-khun-khà

“Thank you.”

2- Where should I go on holiday?

A:  

ใกล้จะถึงวันหยุดยาวแล้ว  ไปเที่ยวที่ไหนดีครับ

glâi-jà-thǔng-wan-yhùt-yaao-láaew bpai-thîiao-thîi-nhǎi-dii-khráp

“It’s almost long holiday. Where should I go for traveling?”

B:  

ชอบทะเลหรือภูเขาคะ

châawp-thá-laae-rhǔue-phuu-khǎo-khá

“Do you like the sea or mountains?”

A:  

ชอบทะเลครับ

châawp-thá-laae-khráp

“I like the sea.”

B:  

ไปเที่ยวที่หัวหินดีมั๊ยคะ  อยู่ภาคตะวันตกของไทย  ใกล้จากกรุงเทพ  ทะเลสวย  อาหารอร่อย  

bpai-thîiao-hǔa-hǐn-dii-mái-khá yhùu-phâak-thà-wan-dtòk-khǎawng-thai glâi-grung-thêep thá-lee-sǔuay aa-hǎan-à-rhòi

“How about Huahin? It is in the west part of Thailand, near Bangkok. The sea is beautiful. The food is great.”

A:   

ถ้าอย่างนั้นวันหยุดนี้  ผมจะไปหัวหินครับ

thâa-yàang-nán-wan-yhùt-níi phǒm-jà-bpai-hǔa-hǐn-khráp

“Then, I will go to Huahin for this coming holiday.”

B:  

ฉันรู้จักโรงแรมที่หัวหินที่สวยมากอยู่ที่นึง  จะหาเบอร์โทรให้นะคะ

chǎn-rúu-jàk-roong-raaem-thîi-hǔa-hǐn-thîi-sǔuay-mâak-yhùu-thîi-nueng jà-hǎa-booe-thoo-hâi-ná- khá

“I know a very beautiful hotel at Huahin. I will give you the phone number.”

A:  

ขอบคุณครับ

khàawp-khun-khráp

“Thank you.”

8. Conclusion

Now that you’ve reached the conclusion, we believe you should have no problem asking and giving directions in Tha. Did you find this topic hard? Is the way that Thai people ask and give directions different from how it’s done in your language? Please comment below to let us know.

Please note that you may be confused with some phrases and sentences, but that’s normal. You’ll need some time to practice. To become more fluent, be sure to practice using these directions phrases whenever you can; practice makes perfect.

Once you’re good at this, go check out other fun and useful Thai lessons at ThaiPod101.com, such as how to take a Thai taxi, information about Wat Pho, and going on a trip via plane.

Happy Thai learning!

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Celebrating Buddhist Lent Day in Thailand



Would you be willing to give up your guiltiest pleasure for three months?

Well, each year in Thailand, the Buddhist monks and other followers of Buddha’s teachings do just this. The first day of this three-month period is a holiday called Buddhist Lent Day, and this is what we’ll be talking about in this article!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Buddhist Lent Day?



A Buddha Statue

This holiday marks the beginning of the Buddhist Lent, which is a three-month period during which monks are expected ระมัดระวัง (rá mát rá-wang), or “to be careful,” not to venture outside the temple or pagoda.

This three-month period ends on End of Buddhist Lent Day, which is another Buddhist holiday that we’ll be covering in a future article.

If you’re familiar with Christian Lent traditions, you may find a few similarities while reading through this article!

Buddhist Lent Day History



In Thailand, Buddhist Lent Day got its start during the Buddha era. Monks of this time period had a mission to spread Buddhist teachings to as many places and people as possible. However, this constant traveling caused problems during the rainy season, with people complaining that the monks would walk through and ruin their crops.

Hearing of this, the Buddha made a new ระเบียบ (rá-bìiap), or “rule,” that monks were not to leave their temples for the three-month period of the rainy season. The only exception was if a monk had important กิจธุระ (gìt thú-rá), or “business,” that needed to be taken care of right away. In that case, a monk could leave the temple but was not allowed to spend more than seven nights away.



2. Buddhist Lent Day Dates



A Buddhist Temple on a Nice Day

The date of Buddhist Lent Day varies from year to year, as it begins in the eighth Buddhist calendar month. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next few years.

  • 2020: July 6
  • 2021: July 25
  • 2022: July 14
  • 2023: August 3


Also be sure to see our list of the Top Five Important Dates During the Thai Calendar Year!

3. Buddhist Lent Day Activities & Traditions



a Sermon in a Buddhist Temple

The Thai Buddhist Lent Day is largely a time for monks to prepare for their three months of solitude. They’re expected “to say prayers to Buddha,” or ทำวัตร (tham wát), and carefully observe all of the พุทธบัญญัติ (phút thá ban-yàt), or “Buddhist rules.” In addition, it’s very common for men to have a งานอุปสมบท (ngaan u-bpà-sŏm-bòt), or “ordination ceremony,” to become monks during the Buddhist Lent season.

The rainy season generally provides the perfect สภาพอากาศ (sà-phâap aa-gàat), or “weather condition,” to stay inside and study. For this reason, men will sometimes visit the temples to be taught Dharma.

Throughout the Buddhist Lent, Thailand’s non-monk population also gets involved. For the general population, this means attempting to rid themselves of อบายมุข (a-baai-ya-múk), or “all vices,” (or sometimes only one or two, such as drinking alcohol or killing animals). This is also a time to repent of บาป (bàap), or “sin,” in one’s life.

For Buddhist Lent Day, Thailand’s most famous activity is the Candle Festival. This tradition began a long time ago, before electricity was available for lighting. Because monks often had to perform their rituals in the mornings and evenings, Buddhists would make large candles for their local temple and offer these candles to monks in their area. Before handing over the candles, though, they would parade around the town with them.

Today, there are sometimes competitions to see who can carve the best decorative Lent candle. These candles are massive and so awesome to see!



4. Exceptions to Buddhist Lent Rules



You may be wondering when a monk can leave the temple without being in การฝ่าฝืน (gaan fàa fǔuen), or “violation,” of the Buddhist Lent rules.

As mentioned earlier, a monk can only leave the temple during this time for very important business. Here are some examples of when it would be okay for a monk to leave:

  • Taking care of other sick monks or parents
  • Convincing novices who want to leave the religion to change their mind
  • Carrying out essential monkhood duties
  • Accepting an invitation to make merit somewhere else


5. Essential Buddhist Lent Day Vocabulary



Buddhist Monks Praying and Making Merit

Here’s a quick list of some of the vocabulary words and phrases from this article!

  • บาป (bàap) — “sin”
  • อบายมุข (a-baai-ya-múk) — “all vices”
  • ตั้งใจ (dtâng jai) — “to intend”
  • นิมนต์ (ní-mon) — “to invite (monk)”
  • บิดามารดา (bì-daa maan-daa) — “parents”
  • การฝ่าฝืน (gaan fàa fǔuen) — “violation”
  • ลวดลาย (lûuat-laai) — “design”
  • ทำวัตร (tham wát) — “to say prayers to Buddha”
  • แห่ (hàae) — “to throng”
  • สภาพอากาศ (sà-phâap aa-gàat) — “weather condition”
  • งานอุปสมบท (ngaan u-bpà-sŏm-bòt) — “ordination ceremony”
  • วันเข้าพรรษา (wan khâo phan-săa) — “Buddhist Lent Day”
  • อนุญาต (à-nú-yâat) — “to allow”
  • ระมัดระวัง (rá mát rá-wang) — “to be careful”
  • วันแรม (wan raaem) — “waning moon night”
  • พุทธบัญญัติ (phút thá ban-yàt) — “Buddhist rules”
  • ตำหนิ (dtam-nì) — “to reprimand”
  • ระเบียบ (rá-bìiap) — “rule”
  • กิจธุระ (gìt thú-rá) — “business,” “work”


You can hear the pronunciation of each word by logging in to our Buddhist Lent Video Culture Class lesson!

Final Thoughts



Buddhist Lent Day is a major occasion in Thailand, both for monks and the general population.

Are there any special religious days like this in your country? If so, how do you or your country’s religious leaders observe it? Let us know in the comments!

To continue learning about Thai culture and the language, read some more free articles on ThaiPod101.com:



Stay safe out there, and keep studying with ThaiPod101. 😉

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Learn the Top 100 Thai Nouns in 2019



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The noun is a basic component of sentences in any language, including Thai. In order to communicate in Thai, you need to know enough vocabulary to form the sentence, and this includes nouns. Thus, as a Thai learner, it’s important for you to learn Thai nouns for better communication.

While learning about nouns in Thai is essential in mastering the language itself, it can also introduce you to certain cultural aspects and traditions. For example, in learning the basic Thai nouns related to food and utensils, you can guess how people eat.

Further, in our guide about Thai language nouns, you’ll also get to learn about คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), or English words that are used in the Thai language.

In this lesson, ThaiPod101.com provides you with a basic Thai noun list for words that are often used in daily life, categorized into groups for easy memorization. You’ll get to learn about nouns in Thai vocabulary, learn nouns in Thai grammar, see examples of nouns in Thai sentences, and more. Still, this lesson won’t cover the topic of noun classifiers yet, as this will be too complicated to explain here.

But before we get to all of that, let’s learn basic Thai nouns first. คำนาม (kham-naam) is “noun” in Thai. Below is the beginning of our list of the most common Thai nouns.

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Table of Contents
  1. Thai Nouns about Family Members
  2. Thai Nouns about Body Parts
  3. Thai Nouns about Occupations
  4. Thai Nouns about School Essentials
  5. Thai Nouns about Appliances
  6. Thai Nouns about Technology
  7. Thai Nouns about Transportation
  8. Thai Nouns about Restaurants
  9. Thai Nouns about Time
  10. Conclusion


1. Thai Nouns about Family Members


The first group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those about family members.

Lovely Family

1- Father

Thai noun: พ่อ (phâaw)

Example:
พ่อชอบกินไข่
Phâaw châawp gin khài
My father likes eggs.

2- Mother

Thai noun: แม่ (mâae)

Example:
แม่ทำอาหารอร่อยมาก
Mâae tham aa-hǎan à-ràauy mâak
My mother is very good at cooking.

3- Older sibling

Thai noun: พี่ (phîi)

Example:
ฉันมีพี่ 2 คน
Chǎn mii phîi sǎawng khon
I have two older siblings.

Additional note: พี่ (phîi) can be used for both male and female siblings.

4- Younger sibling

Thai noun: น้อง (náawng)

Example:
ฉันมีน้อง 1 คน
Chǎn mii náawng nùeng khon
I have one younger sibling.

Additional note: Like พี่ (phîi), น้อง (náawng) can be used for both male and female siblings.

5- Family

Thai noun: ครอบครัว (khrâawp-khruua)

Example:
ครอบครัวของเรามี 6 คน
Khrâawp-khruua khǎawng rao mii hòk khon
There are six members in our family.

**For those who want to learn even more Thai nouns for family, please check out our article about family members!

2. Thai Nouns about Body Parts


Nouns 1

The second group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those related to body parts.

1- Head

Thai noun: หัว (hǔua); ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà)

Example 1:
เมื่อวานฉันปวดหัว
Mûuea-waan chǎn bpùuat hǔua
I had a headache yesterday.

Example 2:
เพดานเตี้ย โปรดระวังศีรษะ
Phee-daan-dtîia Bpròot rá-wang sǐi-sà
The ceiling is low; mind your head.

Additional note: In the Thai language, the meanings of หัว (hǔua) and ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà) are exactly the same. However, ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà) is more formal than หัว (hǔua).

2- Face

Thai noun: หน้า (nâa)

Example:
พ่อทำหน้าตลก ๆ เก่งมาก
Phâaw tham nâa dtà-lòk-dtà-lòk gèng mâak
My father is good at making funny faces.

3- Eye

Thai noun: ตา (dtaa)

Example:
ตาของเธอสวยมาก
Dtaa khǎawng thooe sǔuai mâak
Her eyes are very beautiful.

Additional note: ตา (dtaa) can also refer to the father of one’s mother, or “grandfather.”

4- Ear

Thai noun: หู (hǔu)

Example:
มีอะไรเลอะหูเธออยู่นะ
Mii à-rai lóe hǔu thooe yùu ná
There is something dirty near your ear.

5- Nose

Thai noun: จมูก (jà-mùuk)

Example:
จมูกของฉันกับแม่เหมือนกันมาก
Jà-mùuk khǎawng chǎn gàp mâae mǔuean gan mâak
My nose looks exactly like my mother’s.

6- Mouth

Thai noun: ปาก (bpàak)

Example:
ฉันเผลอกัดปากตัวเองตอนเคี้ยวขนม เจ็บมาก
Chǎn phlǒoe gàt bpàak dtuua-eeng dtaawn khíiao khà-nǒm jèp mâak
I accidentally bit my mouth while chewing a snack. It hurts a lot.

7- Tongue

Thai noun: ลิ้น (lín)

Example:
กินของร้อนมาก ระวังลิ้นพอง
Gin khǎawng ráawn mâak rá-wang lín phaawng
Be careful when eating hot food; it can burn your tongue.

8- Arm

Thai noun: แขน (khǎaen)

Example:
เธอออกกำลังกายทุกวัน ทำให้แขนสวยมาก
Thooe àawk-gam-lang-gaai thúk wan tham hâi khǎaen sǔuai mâak
She exercises everyday, making her arm’s shape very beautiful.

9- Leg

Thai noun: ขา (khǎa)

Example:
เมื่อวานไปซื้อของกับเพื่อนมา เมื่อยขามาก
Mûuea waan bpai súue khǎawng gàp phûuean maa mûueai khǎa mâak
I went shopping with friends yesterday, making my legs ache.

10- Hand

Thai noun: มือ (muue)

Example:
ระวังมีดบาดมือ
Rá-wang mîit bàat muue
Be careful not to cut your hand with the knife.

12- Shoulder

Thai noun: หัวไหล่ (hǔua-lài); ไหล่ (lài)

Example 1:
ถ้าสะพายกระเป๋าหนักมาก ๆ อาจทำให้หัวไหล่เจ็บได้
Thâa sà-phaai grà-bpǎo nàk mâak-mâak àat tham hâi hǔua-lài jèp dâi
If you carry a bag that’s too heavy, it may make your shoulder hurt.

Example 2:
ทำไมคนแก่มักปวดไหล่
Tham-mai khon-gàae mák bpùuat lài
Why do elders often have shoulder aches?

Additional note: ไหล่ (lài) is shortened word of หัวไหล่ (hǔua-lài). Thai people often use ไหล่ (lài) more in oral conversation.

3. Thai Nouns about Occupations


The third group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those you can use to talk about your occupation or job.

What Is Your Occupation?

1- Government officer

Thai noun: ข้าราชการ (khâa-râat-chá-gaan)

Example:
ลุงของฉันเป็นข้าราชการ
Lung khǎawng chǎn bpen khâa-râat-chá-gaan
My uncle is a government officer.

2- Businessman / Businesswoman

Thai noun: นักธุรกิจ (nák-thú-rá-gìt)

Example:
พ่อเป็นนักธุรกิจที่เก่ง
Phâaw bpen nák-thú-rá-gìt thîi gèng
My father is a smart businessman.

Additional note: In Thai, นักธุรกิจ (nák-thú-rá-gìt) can be used when referring to both males and females.

3- Doctor

Thai noun: หมอ (mǎaw)

Example:
ถ้าอยากเป็นหมอต้องตั้งใจเรียนนะ
Thâa yàak bpen mǎaw dtâawng dtâng-jai riian ná
If you want to be a doctor, you have to pay attention in class.

4- Nurse

hai noun: พยาบาล (phá-yaa-baan)

Example:
พยาบาลคนนั้นเจาะเลือดเก่ง
Phá-yaa-baan khon nán jàw lûueat gèng
That nurse is good at drawing blood.

5- Lawyer

Thai noun: ทนาย (thá-naai)

Example:
ทนายคนนั้นตัวสูงมาก
Thá-naai khon nán dtuua sǔung mâak
That lawyer is so tall.

6- Engineer

Thai noun: วิศวกร (wít-sà-wá-gaawn)

Example:
น้องชายฉันอยากเป็นวิศวกร
Náawng-chai chǎn yàak bpen wít-sà-wá-gaawn
My younger brother wants to be an engineer.

7- Accountant

Thai noun: นักบัญชี (nák-ban-chii)

Example:
แม่เป็นนักบัญชี
Mâae bpen nák-ban-chii
My mother is an accountant.

8- Hairdresser

Thai noun: ช่างตัดผม (châang-dtàt-phǒm)

Example:
ช่างตัดผมของฉันชื่อจอย
Châang-dtàt-phǒm khǎawng chǎn chûue jaauy
My hairdresser’s name is Joy.

9- Makeup artist

Thai noun: ช่างแต่งหน้า (châang-dtàaeng-nâa)

Example:
กระเป๋าของช่างแต่งหน้าใบใหญ่มาก
Grà-bpǎo khǎawng châang-dtàaeng-nâa bai yài mâak
A makeup artist’s bag is very big.

10- Actor / Actress

Thai noun: นักแสดง (nák-sà-daaeng)

Example:
นักแสดงคนโปรดของฉันคืออนันดา
Nák-sà-daaeng khon-bpròot khǎawng chǎn khuue à-nan-daa
My favorite artist is Ananda.

Additional note: In Thai, นักแสดง (nák-sà-daaeng) can be used when referring to both males and females.

11- Driver

Thai noun: คนขับรถ (khon-khàp-rót)

Example:
คนรวยมักจ้างคนขับรถ
Khon ruuai mák jâang khon-khàp-rót
Rich people often hire a driver.

12- Policeman / Policewoman

Thai noun: ตำรวจ (dtam-rùuat)

Example:
เครื่องแบบของตำรวจสีน้ำตาล
Khrûueang-bàap khǎawng dtam-rùuat sǐi nám-dtaan
Police uniforms are brown.

Additional note: In Thai, ตำรวจ (dtam-rùuat) can be used when referring to both males and females.

4. Thai Nouns about School Essentials


Nouns 2

The fourth group of the most common Thai nouns you should learn are the ones about school.

1- School

Thai noun: โรงเรียน (roong-riian)

Example:
โรงเรียนของฉันใหญ่มาก
Roong-riian khǎawng chǎn yài mâak
My school is very big.

2- University

Thai noun: มหาวิทยาลัย (má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai)

Example:
มหาวิทยาลัยของฉันอยู่ที่ท่าพระจันทร์
Má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai khǎawng chǎn yùu thîi thâa-phrá-jan
My university is at ท่าพระจันทร์ (thâa-prá-jan).

3- Teacher

Thai noun: ครู (khruu)

Example:
ครูส้มใจดีมาก
Khruu sôm jai-dii mâak
The Teacher Som is very kind.

4- Student

Thai noun: นักเรียน (nák-riian)

Example:
นักเรียนห้ามเข้าห้องเรียนสาย
Nák-riian hâam khâo hâawng-riian sǎai
Students mustn’t be late to class.

5- Classroom

Thai noun: ห้องเรียน (hâawng-riian)

Example:
ห้องเรียนฉันมีนักเรียน 30 คน
Hâawng-riian chǎn mii nák-riian sǎam-sìp khon
There are thirty students in my classroom.

6- Report

Thai noun: รายงาน (raai-ngaan)

Example:
รายงานวิชานี้ยากที่สุด
Raai-ngaan wí-chaa níi yâak thîi sùt
The report for this subject is the most difficult one.

7- Homework

Thai noun: การบ้าน (gaan-bâan)

Example:
ไม่มีนักเรียนคนไหนชอบการบ้าน
Mâi mii nák-riian khon nǎi châawp gaan-bâan
No student likes homework.

8- Group work

Thai noun: งานกลุ่ม (ngaan-glùm)

Example:
งานกลุ่มวิชาภาษาอังกฤษยากมั๊ย
Ngaan-glùm wí-chaa phaa-sǎa ang-grìt yâak mái
Is English’s group work difficult?

9- Individual work

Thai noun: งานเดี่ยว (ngan dìiao)

Example:
ฉันทำงานเดี่ยววิชาภาษาไทยเสร็จแล้ว
Chǎn tham ngaan dìiao wí-chaa phaa-saa thai sèt láaeo
I already finished my individual work for the Thai subject.

10- Test

Thai noun: สอบ (sàawp)

Example:
พรุ่งนี้มีสอบภาษาญี่ปุ่น
Phrûng-níi mii sàawp phaa-sǎa yîi-bpùn
There is a Japanese test tomorrow.

11- Bachelor’s degree

Thai noun: ปริญญาตรี (bpà-rin-yaa dtrii)

Example:
แม่ดีใจมากตอนฉันได้ปริญญาตรี
Mâae dii-jai mâak dtaawn chǎn dâi bpà-rin-yaa dtrii
My mother was very happy when I got my bachelor’s degree.

12- Master’s degree

Thai noun: ปริญญาโท (bpà-rin-yaa thoo)

Example:
ฉันอยากได้ปริญญาโท
Chǎn yàak dâi bpà-rin-yaa thoo
I want to get a master’s degree.

13- PhD

Thai noun: ปริญญาเอก (bpà-rin-yaa èek)

Example:
คนที่เรียนจบปริญญาเอกต้องฉลาดมากแน่ ๆ
Khon thîi riian jòp brà-rin-yaa èek dtâawng chà-làat mâak nâae-nâae
People who have a PhD must be very smart.

5. Thai Nouns about Appliances


The fifth group of common Thai nouns are those about appliances that Thai people often use.

1- Television

Thai noun: โทรทัศน์ (thoo-rá-thát); ทีวี (thii-wii)

Example 1:
โทรทัศน์เดี๋ยวนี้ราคาไม่แพงมากเหมือนเมื่อก่อน
Thoo-rá-thát dǐiao-níi raa-khaa mâi phaaeng mâak mǔuean mûuea gàawn
Televisions nowadays aren’t as expensive as they were in the past.

Example 2:
น้องชอบดูทีวีมาก
Náawng châawp duu thii-wii mâak
My younger sibling loves watching TV.

Additional note: ทีวี (thii-wii) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language. โทรทัศน์ (thoo-rá-thát) is more formal than ทีวี (thii-wii). However, Thai people normally use ทีวี (thii-wii) when speaking.

Watching TV together

2- Radio

Thai noun: ทยุ (wít-thá-yú)

Example:
เดี๋ยวนี้คนไม่ค่อยฟังวิทยุกันแล้ว
Dǐiao-níi khon mâi khâauy fang wít-thá-yú gan láaeo
Nowadays, people rarely listen to the radio.

3- Speaker

Thai noun: ลำโพง (lam-phoong)

Example:
ฉันได้ลำโพงเป็นของขวัญวันเกิด
Chǎn dâi lam-phoong bpen khǎawng-khwǎn wan-gòoet
I got a speaker as a birthday gift.

4- Air conditioner

Thai noun: เครื่องปรับอากาศ (khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat); แอร์ (aae)

Example 1:
ถ้าเปิดเครื่องปรับอากาศทุกวัน ค่าไฟจะแพงมาก
Thâa bpòoet khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat thúk-wan khâa fai jà phaaeng mâak
If you turn on the air conditioner every day, the electricity bill will be very expensive.

Example 2:
ถ้าอากาศร้อนก็เปิดแอร์ได้
Thâa aa-gàat ráawn gâaw bpòoet aae dai
You can turn on the air conditioner if it’s very hot.

Additional note:แอร์ (aae) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language. However, for this word, Thai people shorten it. เครื่องปรับอากาศ (khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat) is more formal than แอร์ (aae). Still, Thai people normally use แอร์ (aae) when speaking.

5- Fan

Thai noun: พัดลม (phát-lom)

Example:
เปิดพัดลมให้หน่อย
Bpòoet phát-lom hâi nàauy
Turn on the fan, please.

6- Fridge

Thai noun: ตู้เย็น (dtûu-yen)

Example:
ตู้เย็นที่บ้านเสีย
Dtûu-yen thîi bâan sǐia
The fridge at home is broken.

7- Toaster

Thai noun: เครื่องปิ้งขนมปัง (khrûueang bpîng khà-nǒm-bpang)

Example:
ฉันอยากได้เครื่องปิ้งขนมปัง
Chǎn yàak dâi khrûueang bpîng khà-nǒm-bpang
I want a toaster.

8- Microwave

Thai noun: ไมโครเวฟ (mai-khroo-wéep)

Example:
ไมโครเวฟราคาแพงมั๊ย
Mai-khroo-wéep raa-khaa phaaeng mái
Is a microwave expensive?

9- Water heater

Thai noun: เครื่องทำน้ำอุ่น (khrûueng tham nám ùn)

Example:
พ่อเพิ่งซื้อเครื่องทำน้ำอุ่นมา
Phâaw phôoeng súue khrûueng tham nám ùn maa
My father just bought a water heater.

10- Hair dryer

Thai noun: ไดร์เป่าผม (dai bpào phǒm)

Example:
ไดร์เป่าผมอันนั้นสีสวยจัง
Dai bpào phǒm an nán sǐi sǔuai jang
That hair dryer has a nice color.

6. Thai Nouns about Technology


Nouns 3

The sixth group of common Thai nouns are those related to technology.

1- Computer

Thai noun: คอมพิวเตอร์ (khaawm-phiu-dtôoe)

Example:
คอมพิวเตอร์เครื่องใหม่อยู่ข้างบน
Khaawm-phiu-dtôoe khrûueang mài yùu khâang bon
The new computer is upstairs.

Additional note: คอมพิวเตอร์ (khaawm-phiu-dtôoe) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

2- Laptop

Thai noun: โน๊ตบุ๊ค (nóot-búk)

Example:
โน๊ตบุุ๊คของเธอหนักมาก
Nóot-búk khǎawng thooe nàk mâak
Her laptop is so heavy.

3- Cell phone

Thai noun: โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue); มือถือ (muue-thǔue)

Example 1:
โทรศัพท์มือถือรุ่นใหม่เบามาก
Thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue rûn mǎi bao mâak
The new version of the mobile phone is so light.

Example 2:
พ่อทำมือถือหายอีกแล้ว
Phâaw tham muue-thǔue hǎai ìik láaeo
Dad lost his mobile phone again.

Additional note: มือถือ (muue-thǔue) is a shortened word of โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue). Thus, people often use มือถือ (muue-thǔue) when speaking. โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue) is more formal.

4- Headphone

Thai noun: หูฟัง (hǔu-fang)

Example:
หูฟังอยู่ตรงไหน
Hǔu-fang yùu dtrong nǎi
Where is the headphone?

5- Tablet

Thai noun: แท็บเล็ต (tháep-lèt)

Example:
แม่ชอบดูยูทูปผ่านแท็บเล็ต
Mâae châawp duu yuu-thúup phàan tháep-lèt
Mom likes to watch YouTube via tablet.

Additional note: แท็บเล็ต (tháep-lèt) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

6- Charger

Thai noun: สายชาร์ต (sǎai-cháat)

Example:
แม่วางสายชาร์ตไว้ข้างทีวี
Mâae wang sǎai-cháat wái khâang thii-wii
Mom put the charger near the TV.

7- Internet

Thai noun: อินเตอร์เน็ต (in-dtooe-nèt)

Example:
การหาข้อมูลผ่านอินเตอร์เน็ตทำให้ชีวิตง่ายขึ้น
Gaan hǎa khâaw-muun phàan in-dtooe-nèt tham hâi chii-wít ngâai khûen
Finding information using the internet makes life easier.

Additional note: อินเตอร์เน็ต (in-dtooe-nèt) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

8- Wifi

Thai noun: ไวไฟ (wai-fai)

Example:
ที่โรงแรมมีไวไฟให้ด้วย
Thîi roong-raaem mii wai-fai hâi dûuai
There is wifi available at the hotel.

Additional note: ไวไฟ (wai-fai) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

9- Signal

Thai noun: สัญญาณ (sǎn-yaan)

Example:
บนภูเขาบางทีก็ไม่มีสัญญาณโทรศัพท์
Bon phuu-khǎo baang-thii gâaw mâi mii sǎn-yaan thoo-rá-sàp
Sometimes, there is no phone signal at the mountain.

10- Application

Thai noun: แอพพลิเคชั่น (aáep-phlì-khee-chân); แอพ (áaep)

Example 1:
โปรดอัพเดทแอพพลิเคชั่นให้เป็นเวอร์ชั่นล่าสุด
Bplòot áp-dèet áaep-phlì-khee-chân hâi bpen wooe-chân lâa-sùt
Please update the application to the latest version.

Example 2:
เธอโหลดแอพใหม่ยัง
Thooe lòot áaep mài yang
Have you downloaded the application yet?

Additional note: แอพ (áaep) is a shortened word of แอพพลิเคชั่น (áaep-phlì-khee-chân). Thus, people often use แอพ (áaep) when speaking. แอพพลิเคชั่น (áaep-phlì-khee-chân) is more formal.

11- Website

Thai noun: เว็บไซต์ (wép-sái)

Example:
เธอชอบเข้าเว็บไซต์อะไร
Thooe châawp khâo wép-sái à-rai
Which website do you like to visit?

Additional note: เว็บไซต์ (wép-sái) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

12- Picture

Thai noun: รูปภาพ (rûup-phâap)

Example:
มือถือฉันมีรูปภาพแมวเยอะมาก
Muue-thǔue chǎn mii rûup-phâap maaew yóe mâak
There are a lot of cat pictures on my mobile phone.

13- File

Thai noun: ไฟล์ (fai)

Example:
ส่งไฟล์มาให้หน่อย
Sòng fai maa hâi nhàauy
Send the file to me.

Additional note: ไฟล์ (fai) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

14- Email

Thai noun: อีเมล (ii-meeo). Despite ending with ล, this word sounds like ว more than ล, so I use meeo instead of meen.

Example:
อีเมลของเธอคืออะไร
Ii-meeo khǎawng thooe khuue à-rai
What is your email?

Additional note: อีเมล (ii-meeo) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

My Email

15- Password

Thai noun: พาสเวิร์ด (pháat-wòoet)

Example:
อย่าบอกพาสเวิร์ดให้คนอื่นรู้
Yàa bàawk pháat-wòoet hâi khon ùuen rúu
Don’t tell your password to others.

Additional note: พาสเวิร์ด (pháat-wòoet) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

7. Thai Nouns about Transportation


Next up on our Thai nouns list are the essential words you need to know regarding transportation.

1- Plane

Thai noun: เครื่องบิน (khrûueang-bin)

Example:
แม่จะไปเชียงใหม่โดยเครื่องบิน
Mâae jà bpai chiiang-mài dooi khrûueang-bin
Mom will go to Chiiangmai by plane.

2- Helicopter

Thai noun: เฮลิคอปเตอร์ (hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe)

Example:
เฮลิคอปเตอร์เสียงดังมาก
Hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe sǐiang dang mâak
Helicopters have a loud noise.

Additional note: เฮลิคอปเตอร์ (hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

3- Car

Thai noun: รถยนต์ (rót-yon)

Example:
รถยนต์คันนั้นสกปรกมาก
Rót-yon khan nán sòk-gà-bpròk mâak
That car is very dirty.

4- Train

Thai noun: รถไฟ (rót-fai)

Example:
ถ้านั่งรถไฟจะใช้เวลานาน
Thâa nâng rót-fai jà chái wee-laa naan
It takes a long time if you go by train.

5- Bus

Thai noun: รถเมล์ (rót-mee)

Example:
วันศุกร์รถเมล์คนแน่นมาก
Wan-sùk rót-mee khon nâaen mâak
It is very crowded on the bus on Friday.

6- Truck

Thai noun: รถบรรทุก (rót-ban-thúk)

Example:
อย่าขับรถใกล้รถบรรทุก
Yàa khàp rót glâi rót-ban-thúk
Don’t drive near the truck.

7- Sky train

Thai noun: รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa)

Example:
ค่ารถไฟฟ้าไปคอนโดเธอกี่บาท
Khâa rót-fai-fáa bpai khaawn-doo thooe gìi bàat
How much is the sky train fare to your condo?

Additional note: Apart from รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa), Thai people often call the sky train บีทีเอส (BTS), which is the name of the company that runs the sky train in Thailand.

8- Subway

Thai noun: รถไฟฟ้าใต้ดิน (rót-fai-fáa dtâi din)

Example:
ฉันชอบนั่งรถไฟฟ้าใต้ดิน เร็วดี
Chǎn châawp nâng rót-fai-fáa dtâi din reo dii
I like to travel via subway; it is fast.

Additional note: Similar to รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa), Thai people often call the subway เอ็มอาร์ที (MRT), which is the name of the company that runs the subway in Thailand.

9- Motorbike

Thai noun: มอเตอร์ไซต์ (maaw-dtooe-sai)

Example:
ถ้าจะนั่งมอเตอร์ไซต์ต้องใส่หมวกกันน็อค
Thâa jà nâng maaw-dtooe-sai dtâawng sài mùuak-gan-náawk
If you travel by motorbike, you have to wear a helmet.

10- Bicycle

Thai noun: จักรยาน (jàk-grà-yaan)

Example:
เด็ก ๆ ชอบขี่จักรยาน
Dèk-dèk châawp khìi jàk-grà-yaan
Children like to ride bicycles.

11- Tricycle

Thai noun: รถสามล้อ (rót-sǎam-láaw)

Example:
นักท่องเที่ยวอยากนั่งรถสามล้อ
Nák-thâawng-thîiao yàak nâng rót-sǎam-láaw
The traveller wants to ride a tricycle.

Additional note: Apart from รถสามล้อ (rót-sǎam-láaw), another name Thai people use is ตุ๊กตุ๊ก (dtúk-dtúk), which is the sound of a tricycle.

12- Boat

Thai noun: เรือ (ruuea)

Example:
ที่ตลาดน้ำ แม่ค้าขายของบนเรือ
Thîi dtà-làat-nám mâae-kháa khǎai khǎawng bon ruuea
At the floating market, the seller is on the boat.

13- Airport

Thai noun: สนามบิน (sà-nǎam-bin)

Example:
เธอถึงสนามบินรึยัง
Thooe thǔeng sà-nǎam-bin rúe-yang
Have you arrived at the airport yet?

14- Train station

Thai noun: สถานีรถไฟ (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai)

Example:
พ่อกำลังไปสถานีรถไฟ
Phâaw gam-lang bpai sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai
Dad is going to the train station now.

15- Bus stop

Thai noun: ป้ายรถเมล์ (bpâai rót-mee)

Example:
ป้ายรถเมล์อยู่ตรงไหน
Bpâai rót-mee yùu dtrong nǎi
Where is the bus stop?

16- Pier

Thai noun: ท่าเรือ (thâa-ruuea)

Example:
ท่าเรืออยู่ตรงนู้น
Thâa-ruuea yùu dtrong núun
The pier is over there.

17- Gas

Thai noun: น้ำมัน (nám-man)

Example:
พรุ่งนี้น้ำมันจะขึ้นราคา
Phrûng-níi nám-man jà khûen raa-khaa
Gas prices will be increased tomorrow.

Additional note: In Thai, น้ำมัน (nám-man) can also mean “cooking oil.”

18- Road

Thai noun: ถนน (thà-nǒn)

Example:
คอนโดอยู่ใกล้ถนนสุขุมวิท
Khaawn-doo yùu glâi thà-nǒn sù-khǔm-wít
The condo is near Sukhumvit road.

19- Traffic light

Thai noun: ไฟจราจร (fai jà-raa-jaawn)

Example:
ตอนนี้ไฟจราจรสีอะไร
Dtaawn-níi fai jà-raa-jaawn sǐi à-rai
What is the color of the traffic light now?

8. Thai Nouns about Restaurants


Do you love Thai food? Great! It’s time to learn Thai nouns you’ll need at the Thai restaurant!

1- Restaurant

Thai noun: ร้านอาหาร (ráan aa-hǎan)

Example:
คุณชอบร้านอาหารร้านไหน
Khun châawp ráan aa-hǎan ráan nǎi
Which restaurant do you like?

My Favourite Restaurant

2- Street food

Thai noun: อาหารริมทาง (aa-hǎan rim-thaang)

Example:
หลายคนชอบกินอาหารริมทางในไทย
Lǎai khon châawp gin aa-hǎan rim-thaang nai thai
Many people like street food in Thailand.

3- Table

Thai noun: โต๊ะ (dtó)

Example:
โต๊ะนี้ว่างรึเปล่า
Dtó níi wâang rúe bplào
Is this table available?

4- Customer

Thai noun: ลูกค้า (lûuk-kháa)

Example:
ลูกค้าจะมาแล้ว เตรียมพร้อมรึยัง
Lûuk-kháa jà maa láaeo dtriiam phráawm rúe yang
A customer is coming. Are you ready?

5- Waiter / Waitress

Thai noun: พนักงานเสริฟ (phá-nák-ngaan sòoep)

Example:
เขาทำงานเป็นพนักงานเสริฟ
Khǎo tham-ngaan bpen phá-nák-ngaan sòoep
He is working as a waiter.

Additional note: In Thai, พนักงานเสริฟ (phá-nák-ngaan sòoep) can be used when referring to both males and females.

6- Male cook

Thai noun: พ่อครัว (phâaw-khruua)

Example:
พ่อครัวกำลังทำอาหาร
Phâaw-khruua gam-lang tham aa-hǎan
The cook is now cooking.

7- Female cook

Thai noun: แม่ครัว (mâae-khruua)

Example:
แม่ครัวทำอาหารอร่อยดี
Mâae-khruua tham aa-hǎan a-ràauy dii
The cook is good at cooking.

8- Plate

Thai noun: จาน (jaan)

Example:
ขอจาน 2 ใบ
Khǎaw jaan sǎawng bai
I want two plates.

9- Bowl

Thai noun: ชาม (chaam)

Example:
อย่าทำชามแตกนะ
Yàa tham chaam dtàaek ná
Don’t break the bowl.

10- Spoon

Thai noun: ช้อน (cháawn)

Example:
ช้อนอยู่ไหน
Cháawn yùu nǎi
Where is the spoon?

11- Fork

Thai noun: ส้อม (sâawm)

Example:
ส้อมอยู่บนชั้น
Sâawm yùu bon chán
The fork is on the shelf.

12- Chopsticks

Thai noun: ตะเกียบ (dtà-gìiap)

Example:
บางคนใช้ตะเกียบไม่เป็น
Baang khon chái dtà-gìiap mâi bpen
Some people can’t use chopsticks.

13- Glass

Thai noun: แก้ว (gâaeo)

Example:
ซื้อแก้วให้หน่อย
Súue gâaeo hâi nàauy
Please buy a glass for me.

14- Cup

Thai noun: ถ้วย (thûuai)

Example:
ระวังนะ ถ้วยร้อนมาก
Rá-wang ná thûuai ráawn mâak
Be careful. The cup is very hot.

15- Straw

Thai noun: หลอด (làawt)

Example:
งดใช้หลอดกันเถอะ
Ngót chái làawt gan thòe
Let’s not use a straw.

16- Food

Thai noun: อาหาร (aa-hǎan)

Example:
อาหารอร่อยมาก
Aa-hǎan à-ràauy mâak
The food is very delicious.

17- Drink

Thai noun: เครื่องดื่ม (khrûueang-dùuem)

Example:
อยากได้เครื่องดื่มอุ่น ๆ
Yàak dâi khrûueang-dùuem ùn-ùn
I want a warm drink.

9. Thai Nouns about Time


Nouns 4

Being able to ask for, give, and talk about the time is extremely important. Here are the Thai nouns you’ll need to do so!

1- Today

Thai noun: วันนี้ (wan-níi)

Example:
วันนี้อากาศดี
Wan-níi aa-gàat dii
The weather is good today.

2- Tomorrow

Thai noun: พรุ่งนี้ (phrûng-níi)

Example:
พรุ่งนี้ฉันจะไปทะเล
Phrûng-níi chǎn jà bpai thá-lee
I will go to the sea tomorrow.

3- Day after tomorrow

Thai noun: มะรืน (má-ruuen)

Example:
มะรืนนี้เป็นวันเกิดของพ่อ
Má-ruuen níi bpen wan-gòoet khǎawng phâaw
The day after tomorrow is my father’s birthday.

4- Yesterday

Thai noun: เมื่อวาน (mûuea-waan)

Example:
เมื่อวานนี้ฝนตกหนัก
Mûuea-waan níi fon dtòk nàk
It rained heavily yesterday.

5- Monday

Thai noun: วันจันทร์ (wan-jan)

Example:
ฉันไม่ชอบวันจันทร์
Chǎn mâi châawp wan-jan
I don’t like Monday.

6- Tuesday

Thai noun: วันอังคาร (wan-ang-khaan)

Example:
วันอังคารหน้า อย่าลืมเอาการบ้านมานะ
Wan-ang-khaan nâa yàa luuem ao gaan-bâan maa ná
Don’t forget to bring the homework next Tuesday.

7- Wednesday

Thai noun: วันพุธ (wan-phút)

Example:
ร้านตัดผมปิดวันพุธ
Ráan dtàt phǒm bpìt wan-phút
The barber shop closes on Wednesday.

8- Thursday

Thai noun: วันพฤหัสบดี (wan-phá-rúe-hàt-sà-baaw-dii)

Example:
วันพฤหัสบดีเป็นวันครู
Wan-phá-rú-hàt-sà-baaw-dii bpen wan khruu
Thursday is Teacher’s Day.

9- Friday

Thai noun: วันศุกร์ (wan-sùk)

Example:
วันศุกร์มักรถติด
Wan-sùk mák rót dtìt
Traffic jams often happen on Friday.

10- Saturday

Thai noun: วันเสาร์ (wan-sǎo)

Example:
วันเสาร์ต้องมาทำงานมั๊ย
Wan-sǎo dtâawng maa tham-ngaan mái
Do I have to work on Saturday?

11- Sunday

Thai noun: วันอาทิตย์ (wan-aa-thít)

Example:
วันอาทิตย์ตื่นสายได้
Wan-aa-thít dtùuen sǎai dâi
I can wake up late on Sunday.

12- Day

Thai noun: วัน (wan)

Example:
เธอจะไปญี่ปุ่นกี่วัน
Thooe jà bpai yîi-bpùn gìi wan
How many days will you be in Japan?

13- Date

Thai noun: วันที่ (wan-thîi)

Example:
ต้องจ่ายเงินวันที่เท่าไหร่
Dtaawng jaai ngooen wan-thii thâo-rài
Which day do I have to make a payment?

14- Week

Thai noun: อาทิตย์ (aa-thít); สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa)

Example 1:
ฉันจะลาหยุดอาทิตย์นึง
Chǎn jà laa yùt aa-thít nueng
I will take one week off.

Example 2:
สัปดาห์นี้ เธอจะทำเสร็จมั๊ย
Sàp-daa níi thooe ja tham sèt mái
Will you finish it this week?

Additional note: In Thai, อาทิตย์ (aa-thít) and สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa) have the same meaning. However, สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa) is more formal, while อาทิตย์ (aa-thít) is used more in casual conversations.

15- Month

Thai noun: เดือน (duuean)

Example:
เดือนหน้าคือเดือนมกราคม
Duuean nâa khuue duuean-má-gà-raa-khom
Next month is January.

16- Year

Thai noun: ปี (bpii)

Example:
ปีนี้เศรษฐกิจไม่ดีเลย
Bpii níi sèet-thà-gìt mâi dii looei
This year, the economy is not good.

17- Time

Thai noun: เวลา (wee-laa)

Example:
ตอนนี้เวลากี่โมงแล้ว
Dtaawn-níi wee-laa gìi moong láaeo
What time is it?

18- Minute

Thai noun: นาที (naa-thii)

Example:
อุ่น 3 นาทีก็พอ
Ùn sǎam naa-thii gâaw phaaw
Warming it for three minutes is enough.

19- Hour

Thai noun: ชั่วโมง (chùua-moong)

Example:
หนังยาวกี่ชั่วโมง
Nǎng yaao gìi chûua-moong
How long is the movie?

10. Conclusion


There are a lot of Thai nouns you have to remember. Can you remember the new vocabulary from this list of Thai nouns? Don’t worry if you can’t remember them all in one go. It will take time. Just keep practicing!

Also, if you have questions related to Thai verbs, adjectives, or nouns, you can check out other related Thai grammar lessons on ThaiPod101.com. For example, you may find our Top 100 Thai Adjectives (please put the link to Top 100 adjectives, thank you) quite helpful.

Do the nouns in your language differ from Thai nouns? Let us know by leaving a comment below.

Once you learn all the basic Thai nouns, don’t forget to check out other lessons at ThaiPod101.com. There are tons of interesting Thai lessons, such as cracking the Thai writing system or learning about Thai society, traditions, and culture!

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3 Tips For Speaking Thai Like A Native Speaker

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When learning a new language, everyone should have an ultimate goal to work towards. Whether you want to be able to connect with a Thai relative, easily order food while traveling, or take part in a spiritual journey in the kingdom, having an end goal for your learning can be very motivating. One of the more popular but difficult examples of this is learning to speak Thai like a native speaker. You would easily become the life of the party if people heard you, as a foreigner, speak like a local. So what ways can you work towards this goal? That is what we will be looking into today. Here are 3 tips you should follow to start speaking Thai like a native speaker.

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Tip 1. Focus On Vocabulary

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If your goal is to speak like a native, it is easy to get carried away by focusing on speaking and pronunciation. However, what is often overlooked is how big a role vocabulary plays. Your choice of words will reveal a lot about your understanding of the language. 

Anyone who has used a phrasebook for a language has likely come across a situation where they have said something, only to get back the dreaded look of confusion. While what you said may technically be correct, it may have been inappropriate for the situation or just not commonly used. Imagine saying ‘greetings’ to a close friend instead of just saying ‘hey’ or something along those lines. 

This concept is especially important in a language like Thai where there are different words you should use based on who you are speaking with and their social standing. You definitely do not want to sound rude. Try to listen and distinguish how people talk to their friends and how they talk to their superiors – that should help give you an idea of how to talk with others in a more authentic way. 

It is also worth mentioning that Thai can be seen as quite a laid back language in that it is possible to remove words from sentences or phrases and still have them make sense and, importantly, be understood. Pronouns are a prime example of this as they can often be removed if they are obvious from context. 

Colloquialisms and slang are also commonly used in Thai. As this sort of vocabulary is always evolving, it can be difficult to keep up with the latest words. Things like this are something you can only learn by talking with a local Thai person, making them an invaluable resource. Ultimately, knowing the appropriate vocabulary to use for each situation will really help you sound like you know what you are doing.

Tip 2. Perfect Your Accent

Pair of women talking

There are many different layers that go into learning Thai pronunciation. First, Thai is a tonal language, where a change in pitch can completely change the meaning of a word. Then there is the fact that Thailand is a very large country, and so people from one area of the country will sound different from those in another. So what is the best way to listen to the wide range of accents and different pronunciations? That’s right – through video and audio sources.

YouTube in this case is a goldmine, as there are people from all walks of life uploading to the platform. Whether through an educational video or a random vlog, you will start to hear the subtle (and not so subtle) differences in their speech. Everyone speaks in a unique way based on numerous factors. If you are able to replicate this, then you will definitely sound more like a legitimate Thai speaker.

Unless you have a particular reason for learning a more specific type of accent, you would be better off learning the more basic form. In Thailand, this would be Central Thai, which is seen as the standard for the country. Sure, it would be interesting to learn the Isaan way of speaking but for the purposes of having the most people understand you, Central Thai is your best bet.

Tip 3. Copy What You Hear

Woman listening to her headphones

Do you remember how you learnt to speak as a child? It was rare to learn a new word just by reading or listening. Instead, we would imitate what we hear by saying it out loud. While you are talking to a Thai friend, watching videos and listening to audio in Thai, you can do this and try to replicate the way they speak.

This method enables you to master several things: the flow of the language, the accent, and the pronunciation. Of course, you can also learn some new vocabulary this way. Repetition can be a great way to remember things, after all.

Try doing this using a number of different mediums and sources. That way, you will be exposed to the diversity that the language offers and master the fundamentals of pronunciation. So yes, watch and imitate several different YouTube videos and audio CDs, but try a few different sources to help you cover the nuances of the Thai language. 

For example, the Ling app is a great option for learning to speak Thai through imitation. As a companion, it helps to promote proper pronunciation using speaking activities. The voice samples used in the app are all from native Thai speakers as well, allowing you to hear the authentic sound of spoken Thai and imitate them accordingly. Pair this with the chatbot feature which walks you through a typical conversation with voice clips and you are well set to perfect your pronunciation of Thai and take another step closer to native-level speaking.

Take Your Thai Ability To The Next Level

The ability to speak Thai like a native is a popular goal for many people learning Thai. There is no better feeling than saying something perfectly when the people you are talking to are expecting basic level or broken Thai. With these four tips, you should find that you are able to enhance your Thai speaking ability much closer to a native level. With some time and persistence, you may just end up sounding like you have lived in the country your whole life. Now that would be something to feel pride in.

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The Best Guide for Learning Thai Compliments

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Everyone loves compliments. A compliment can make someone feel good, boost self-confidence, and improve the quality of relationships. So as a Thai learner, you should know a few basic Thai compliments to brighten someone’s day. In this lesson, you’ll learn about compliments in the Thai language and how to use them.

We’ll begin by covering the vocabulary aspect of common Thai compliments for beginners, and then we’ll show you how to apply them in various situations.

Let’s get started.

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Table of Contents

  1. Basic Information About Compliments in Thai
  2. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Look
  3. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Work
  4. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Skill
  5. Conclusion

1. Basic Information About Compliments in Thai

Positive Feelings

Before you learn how to compliment a Thai girl or how to compliment men in Thai, you should know the Thai etiquette for giving and receiving compliments.

First, some basic vocabulary. คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei) or คำชม (kham-chom) are the noun form of “compliment” in Thai, while ชม (chom) is the verb form of “compliment” or “praise.” There’s no difference in meaning between คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei) and คำชม (kham-chom), and คำชม (kham-chom) is just a shortened word for คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei).

1 – Give Sincere Compliments in Thai

How do Thai people give compliments? Like in most cultures, a compliment in Thai needs to be sincere. Here are a few tips for how to add sincerity to your compliment:

  • Use a sincere tone of voice. Thai people often speak sarcastically. So in conversation, it’s important to pay attention to both the message and the speaker’s tone of voice. To give sincere compliments in Thai, make sure that your tone of voice shows sincerity.
  • Smile. As you know, Thailand is the Land of Smiles. Smiling can add sincerity and depth to your words, and send positive feelings to the person you’re complimenting.

2 – What Thai People Do When Receiving Compliments

What can you expect after offering someone a compliment? How should you respond to compliments while in Thailand? Here are a few tips:

  • Say “Thank you.” To show that you’re thankful for the compliment, you say ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), which means “thank you” in Thai.
  • Wai. If the person who gave you the compliment is older than you, you should ไหว้ (wâi). This action is used to show that you’re thankful to the other party.
  • Give credit where it’s due. Some people aren’t used to receiving compliments or feel shy. If you fall into this category, in addition to saying “thank you,” you can also give credit to another party. For example, if someone compliments you for organizing a good event, you can thank them and give credit to your good team.

Wai and Say Thank You

3 – Adverbs You Should Know

Now, let’s learn a little bit about grammar. When you give compliments in Thai, you can add the following adverbs to emphasize your compliments.

  • มาก (mâak) is “very” in Thai. You can add มาก (mâak) after a compliment in both formal and informal conversations.
  • เวอร์ (wôoe) is also “very” in Thai. However, you can only add เวอร์ (wôoe) after a compliment in informal conversations.

At this point, you should have basic knowledge about Thai compliments. In the following sections, you’ll learn some of the most common Thai compliments, important vocabulary, and more.

2. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Look

These may be the top Thai compliments that many people want to learn, especially those who want to know how to compliment a Thai girl. For easy understanding, we’ll teach you how to give compliments on someone’s look in formal situations first, and then informal situations. But the first thing you have to learn is the sentence structure:

subject / body part / look + adj = subject / body part / look is adj.

1 – Formal

To compliment someone’s look formally, here’s a list of adjectives and phrases you can use, with example sentences:

1. Look good

Thai compliment: ดูดี (duu-dii)

Example:
ชุดนี้ทำให้เธอดูดีมากเลย
chút-níi-tham-hâi-thooe-duu-dii-mâak-looei
“This outfit makes you look really good.”

2. Beautiful

Thai compliment: สวย (sǔuai)

Example:
นางแบบคนนั้นขาสวย
naang-bàaep-khon-nán-khǎa-sǔuai
“That model has beautiful legs.”

3. Handsome

Thai compliment: หล่อ (làaw)

Example:
ตอนหนุ่ม ๆ คุณพ่อของฉันหล่อมาก
dtaawn-nùm-nùm-khun-phâaw-khǎawng-chǎn-làaw-mâak
“When he was young, my father was very handsome.”

4. Cute

Thai compliment: น่ารัก (nâa-rák)

Example:
ลูกชายของเธอน่ารักและมารยาทดี
lûuk-chai-khǎawng-thooe-nâa-rák-láe-maa-rá-yâat-dii
“Your son is cute and has good manners.”

5. Smart

Thai compliment: ภูมิฐาน (phuum-thǎan)

Example:
คุณใส่สูทตัวนี้แล้วดูภูมิฐาน
khun-sài-sùut-dtuua-níi-láaeo-duu-phuum-thǎan
“Wearing this suit makes you look smart.”

Wearing This Suit Makes You Look Smart

6. Sweet smile

Thai compliment: ยิ้มหวาน (yím-wǎan)

Example:
ทุกคนชอบยิ้มหวาน ๆ ของแก้ว
thúk-khon-châawp-yím-wǎan-khǎawng-khâaeo
“Everyone likes Kaew’s sweet smile.”

7. Good personality

Thai compliment: บุคลิกดี (bùk-khà-lík-dii)

Example:
เขาไม่ได้หล่อ แต่บุคลิกดี
khǎo-mâi-dâi-làaw dtàae-bùk-khà-lík-dii
“He isn’t handsome but has a good personality.”

2 – Informal

When you want to compliment someone in Thai in an informal situation, here are adjectives and phrases you can use, with example sentences.

1. Look good

Thai compliment: งานดี (ngaan-dii)

Literal meaning: “good work”

Example:
ดูหุ่นนักแสดงคนนั้นสิ งานดีมาก
duu-hùn-nák-sà-daaeng-khon-nán-sì ngaan-dii-mâak
“Look at that actor’s body, it looks really good.”

2. Sexy / Hot

Thai compliment: แซบ (sâaep)

Literal meaning: “delicious” (Northeast dialect)

Example:
ตาลใส่ชุดเดรสสีแดงตัวนั้นแล้วแซบมาก
dtaan-sài-chút-dréet-sǐi-daaeng-dtuua-nán-láaeo-sâaep-mâak
“Tarn looks really sexy, wearing that red dress.”

Woman Wearing a Red Dress

3. Classy

Thai compliment: ดูแพง (duu-phaaeng)

Literal meaning: “look expensive”

Example:
แป้งบุคลิกและหน้าตาดี ใส่อะไรก็ดูแพงไปหมด
bpaaeng-bùk-khà-lík-láae-nâa-dtaa-dii sài-à-rai-gâaw-duu-phaaeng-bpai-mòt
“Pang has a good personality and pretty face. She looks classy regardless of her dress.”

4. Light skin tone

Thai compliment: ขาววิ้ง (khǎao-wíng)

Literal meaning: “sparkling white”

Example:
แนทผิวขาววิ้งมาก ใส่เสื้อผ้าสีสดใสแล้วดูดี
náaet-phǐu-khǎao-wíng-mâk sài-sûuea-phâa-sǐi-sòt-sǎi-láaeo-duu-dii
“Nat has a really light skin tone. She looks really good when wearing colorful clothes.”

Additional note: Thai people think that a light skin tone is beautiful.

5. Look stunning

Thai compliment: มีออร่า (mii-aaw-râa)

Literal meaning: “has aura”

Example:
เมื่อคืนพินมีออร่ามาก เป็นเจ้าสาวที่สวยเวอร์
mûuea-khuuen-phin-mii-aaw-râa-mâak bpen-jâo-sǎao-thîi-sǔuai-wôoe
“Phin looked really stunning last night. She was a very beautiful bride.”

3. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Work

Compliments in the workplace are really important as they boost positive energy in the office and create a good working atmosphere. Thus, if you work with Thai people, you should know a few compliment words and phrases in Thai for the workplace.

1 – Good job

Thai compliment: ทำงานดี (tham-ngaan-dii)

Example:
ลูกค้าชอบพรีเซนท์ของคุณ ทำงานดีมาก
lûk-kháa-châawp-phrii-sént-khǎawng-khun tham-ngaan-dii-mâak
“Customers like your presentation. Good job!”

Customers Like Your Presentation. Good Job!

2 – Neat

Thai compliment: เรียบร้อยดี (rîiap-ráauy-dii)

Example:
งบกระแสเงินสดเดือนนี้เรียบร้อยดี ดีมาก
ngóp-grà-sǎae-ngen-sòt-duuan-níi-rîiap-ráauy-dii dii-mâak
“The cash flow report for this month is really neat. Well done.”

Additional note: This may sound a bit weird, but Thai people really do comment when the work is done in an organized manner and looks presentable.

3 – Good idea

Thai compliment: ไอเดียดี (ai-diia-dii)

Example:
ฉันชอบคอนเซปการตลาดอันนี้ ไอเดียดีมาก
chǎn-châawp-khaawn-sèp-gaan-dtà-làat-an-níi ai-diia-dii-mâak
“I like this marketing concept, very good idea.”

4 – Responsible

Thai compliment: มีความรับผิดชอบ (mii-khwaam-ráp-phìt-châawp)

Example:
คุณทำงานดีและมีความรับผิดชอบ ผมจะเลื่อนตำแหน่งให้
khun-tham-ngaan-dii-láae-mii-khwaam-ráp-phìt-châawp phǒm-jà-lûuean-dtam-nàaeng-hâi
“You work well and are responsible. I will promote you.”

5 – Solve problem well

Thai compliment: แก้ปัญหาได้ดี (gâae-bpan-hǎa-dâi-dii)

Example:
เมื่อวานคุณแก้ปัญหาได้ดีมาก
mûuea-waan-khun-gâae-bpan-hǎa-dâi-dii-mâak
“You solved the problem very well yesterday.”

6 – Awesome

Thai compliment: ยอดเยี่ยม (yâawt-yîiam)

Example:
การออกแบบของคุณยอดเยี่ยมมาก
gaan-àawk-bàap-khǎawng-khun-yâawt-yîiam-mâak
“Your design is awesome.”

4. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Skill

Compliments

In addition to compliments for looks and work, another type of compliment you should know are those about someone’s skill. Below are some compliments you can use in various situations.

1 – Good at traveling

Thai compliment: เดินทางเก่ง (dooen-thaang-gèeng)

Example:
น้ำเดินทางเก่งมาก ให้ไปไหนก็ไปได้
nám-dooen-thaang-gèeng-mâak hâi-bpai-nǎi-gâaw-bpai-dâi
“Nam is very good at traveling. She can go anywhere.”

Additional note: This compliment is used to praise someone who can travel to various places without many problems. Some people can’t do this because they tire quickly, get lost easily, etc.

2 – Cook delicious food

Thai compliment: ทำอาหารอร่อย (tham-aa-hǎan-à-ràauy)

Example:
แม่ทำอาหารจีนอร่อยมาก ๆ
mâae-tham-aa-hǎan-jiin-à-ràauy-mâk-mâk
“Mom cooks Chinese food very deliciously.”

3 – Taking photos beautifully

Thai compliment: ถ่ายรูปสวย (thàai-rûup-sǔuai)

Example:
กนกถ่ายรูปสวย
gà-nòk-thàai-rûup-sǔuai
“Kanok takes photos beautifully.”

4 – Good at sports

Thai compliment: เล่นกีฬาเก่ง (lên-gii-laa-gèeng)

Example:
ตั้วเล่นปิงปองเก่งมาก
dtûua-lên-bping-bpaawng-gèeng-mâak
“Tua is very good at table tennis.”

Additional note: You can substitute กีฬา (gii-laa), which means “sport” in Thai, with the name of the sport.

5 – Sings well

Thai compliment: ร้องเพลงเพราะ (ráawng-pleeng-práo)

Example:
ทรายร้องเพลงเพราะเหมือนนักร้อง
saai-ráawng-pleeng-phráw-mǔuean-nák-ráawng
“Sai sings well like a singer.”

Sai Sings Well Like a Singer

6 – Good at speaking

Thai compliment: พูดเก่ง (phûut-gèeng)

Example:
ถึงจะอายุยังน้อย แต่มินท์เป็นเด็กที่พูดเก่งมาก
thǔng-jà-aa-yú-yang-náauy dtàae-mín-bpen-dèk-thîi-phûut-gèeng-mâak
“Despite her young age, Mint is good at speaking.”

7 – Draws pictures beautifully

Thai compliment: วาดรูปสวย (wâat-rûup-sǔuai)

Example:
แนนวาดรูปสวยมาก เหมือนจิตรกรเลย
naaen-wâat-rûup-sǔuai-mâak-mǔuean-jìt-dtrà-khaawn-looei
“Nan draws pictures beautifully like an artist.”

8 – Dances well

Thai compliment: เต้นเก่ง (dtên-gèeng)

Example:
นอกจากจะร้องเพลงเก่งแล้ว เบิร์ดยังเต้นเก่งด้วย
nâawk-jàak-jà-ráawng-phleeng-gèeng-láaeo bóoet-yang-dtên-gèeng-dûuai
“Apart from singing well, Bird also dances well.”

9 – Good at (subject)

Thai compliment: เก่ง… (gèeng-…)

Explanation: Put the name of the subject after เก่ง (gèeng).

Example:
จินดาเก่งเลขและภาษาอังกฤษมาก
Jin-daa gèeng lêek láe phaa-săa ang-grìt mâak
“Jinda is very good at Math and English.”

10 – Good at doing makeup

Thai compliment: แต่งหน้าเก่ง (dtàaeng-nâa-gèeng)

Example:
น้องสาวของฉันแต่งหน้าเก่ง
náawng-sǎao-khǎawng-chǎn-dtàaeng-nâa-gèeng
“My sister is good at doing makeup.”

11 – Good at teaching

Thai compliment: สอนหนังสือดี (sǎawn-nǎng-sǔue-dii)

Example:
นักเรียนทุกคนชอบครูฝัน เพราะ ครูใจดีและสอนหนังสือดี
nák-riian-thúk-khon-châawp-khruu-fǎn phráw-khruu-sǎawn-nǎng-sǔue-dii
“Every student likes Teacher Fhun because she is kind and good at teaching.”

Every Student Likes Teacher Fhun Because She is Kind and Good at Teaching

12 – Good at ___

Thai compliment: … เก่ง (…-gèeng)

Explanation: Put a verb before เก่ง (gèeng) to show that someone is good at that action.

Example 1:
ยิ้มออกแบบเสื้อผ้าเก่ง
Yím-àawk-bàap-sûuea-phâa-gèeng
“Yim is good at designing clothes.”

Example 2:
อนันต์พรีเซ็นต์งานเก่งมาก ลูกค้าประทับใจ
à-nan-phrii-sént-ngaan-gèeng-mâak lûuk-kháa-bprà-tháp-jai
“Anan is very good at presentations. Customers like it.”

5. Conclusion

At this point, you should be able to give basic compliments in Thai. As mentioned before, learning how to give compliments is very important and can be very useful. So keep practicing.

Also, we would like to know whether you found this lesson hard or easy. Is giving compliments in Thai different from how it’s done in your native language? Leave us a comment below to let us know!

And don’t forget to check out our other fun lessons at ThaiPod101.com. We recommend our lessons on Loy Krathong Day and Thai Sweets if you want to learn more about Thai culture.

Happy learning!

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Best 2020 Guide to Learn Thai Angry Phrases

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Imagine that you’re pissed. The anger fills up your body. You’re annoyed, and you just feel like hitting something. Naturally, you want to let your anger out, and one way to do so is through words. In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to express that you’re angry in Thai.

Learning the most common angry Thai phrases is not only a great way to learn new sentence patterns and see Thai grammar at work, but it will also help you understand more about Thai people’s behavior when angry. Throughout this lesson, you’ll see that the way Thai people convey their anger through words is different from how people in other cultures do so.

In this lesson, we’ll first teach you basic Thai words for anger that you should know, and how Thai people express their anger. You’ll get to learn how to use the word “angry” in Thai sentences and study more anger-related vocabulary. In addition, we’ll provide the English translations of each phrase so you can know exactly what you’re saying!

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Table of Contents

  1. Words for “Angry” in Thai
  2. Angry Imperatives
  3. Angry Warnings
  4. Angry Blames
  5. Describing How You Feel in Thai
  6. Angry Exclamations in Thai
  7. How to Calm Yourself Down
  8. Conclusion

1. Words for “Angry” in Thai

Angry Man with Hands Above Head

Let’s start by learning how to say “anger” in Thai. Thai people often convey their emotions, especially anger, through their tone of voice. The sentences and phrases in the following sections are commonly used by native Thai speakers when angry, but keep in mind that they also use them when they’re not angry. It’s the tone, not the words, that really implies anger.

Another point you should know is that, naturally, when people are angry, they sometimes let emotions cloud their judgment and end up saying some rude words. If you’re in Thailand, don’t be surprised if you hear some of these rude Thai words from time to time.

Please note that just like people in some other countries, Thai people have a negative attitude toward people who swear or speak rudely. So you have to be careful in this regard. Still, as a language-learner, you need to understand not only the polite Thai words but also the not-so-polite ones. Thai people don’t always speak nicely and it would be weird if you only understood the nicer words.

1- Rude Thai Words

When Thai people become angry, they sometimes use different pronouns to refer to themselves or other parties:

  • กู (guu) is a rude version of the pronoun “I” in Thai. It can be used by both male and female speakers.
  • มึง (mueng) is a rude version of the pronoun “you” in Thai. It can be used for both males and females.

If you’ve been learning Thai for some time, you may recognize ค่ะ (khâ) and ครับ (khráap), which Thai people put at the end of sentences to make them sound polite. However, when Thai people become angry, they put วะ () at the end of sentences instead. This word makes sentences sound impolite and can convey angry emotions in Thai.

Now that you know how Thai people express their anger, let’s see some anger-related Thai vocabulary. Below are some basic words and phrases you can use to express your anger.

2- Vocabulary

2. Angry Imperatives

Complaints

Now that you’ve learned some Thai words for “angry,” let’s learn a few angry Thai phrases that you can use during a heated conversation.

1- Shut up.

Thai: เงียบ (ngîiap); หุบปาก (hùp-bpàak)

Example 1:
ช่วยเงียบ ๆ หน่อยได้มั้ย ประสาทจะกินแล้ว
chûuay-ngîiap-ngîiap-nhòi-dâi-mái bprà-sàat-jà-gin-láaeo
“Would you shut up? I’m going crazy (because of your voice).”

Example 2:
หุบปาก อย่าพูดมาก น่ารำคาญ
hùp-bpàak yhàa-phûut-mâak nâa-ram-khaan
“Shut up! Don’t talk, because it is annoying.”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, เงียบ (ngîiap) is more polite than หุบปาก (hùp-bpàak). Actually, the word เงียบ (ngîiap) itself doesn’t convey anger. So if you hear this word, you can judge whether the speaker is angry or not by the tone.

Man Making the Sealed Lips Sign

2- Stop.

Thai: หยุด (yhùt)

Example:
จะทำอะไรหนะ หยุดตรงนั้นเลยนะ
jà-tham-à-rai-nà yhùt-dtrong-nán-looei-ná
“What are you doing? Stop right there!”

Additional note: Similar to เงียบ (ngîiap), the word หยุด (yhùt) itself doesn’t convey anger. So if you hear this word, you can judge whether the speaker is angry or not by the tone.

3- Cut it out.

Thai: หยุดเดี๋ยวนี้ (yhùt-dǐiao-níi)

Example:
หยุดเดี๋ยวนี้เลยนะ เธอกล้ารื้อของส่วนตัวฉันได้ยังไง
yhùt-dǐiao-níi-looei-ná thooe-glâa-rúue-khǎawng-sùuan-dtuua-chǎn-dâi-yang-ngai
“Cut it out now. How dare you go through my personal things?”

4- Leave me alone.

Thai: อย่ามายุ่ง (yhàa-maa-yûng)

Example:
อย่ามายุ่ง เธอสร้างปัญหามากพอแล้ว
yhàa-maa-yûng thooe-sâang-bpan-hǎa-mâak-phaaw-láaeo
“Leave me alone, you already caused me a lot of trouble.”

Additional note: ปล่อยฉันไว้คนเดียว (bplàauy-chǎn-wái-khon-diiao) literally means “leave me alone” in Thai. However, its literal meaning conveys sadness rather than anger, so using อย่ามายุ่ง (yhàa-maa-yûng) is better.

5- Get lost.

Thai: ไปให้พ้น (bpai-hâi-phón); ไสหัวไปไกล ๆ (sǎi-hǔua-bpai-glai-glai)

Example 1:
ไปให้พ้น ฉันไม่อยากเห็นหน้าเธออีก
bpai-hâi-phón chǎn-mâi-yàak-hěn-nhâa-thooe-ìik
“Get lost! I don’t want to see your face again.”

Example 2:
วัน ๆ สร้างแต่เรื่อง ไสหัวไปให้ไกล ๆ เลยนะ
wan-wan-sâang-dtàae-rûueang sǎi-hǔua-bpai-hâi-glai-glai-looei-ná
“You cause nothing but trouble, just get lost!”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, ไปให้พ้น (bpai-hâi-phón) is more polite than ไสหัวไปไกล ๆ (sǎi-hǔua-bpai-glai-glai).

3. Angry Warnings

Let’s learn angry Thai phrases that are used as a warning. Use these Thai sentences to warn someone that you’re getting angry.

1- Don’t mess with me.

Thai: อย่ามาลองดีนะ (yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná); อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná)

Example 1:
ทำงานตามที่บอกไป อย่ามาลองดีนะ
tham-ngaan-dtaam-thîi-bàawk-bpai yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná
“Just do what you are told to do, don’t mess with me.”

Example 2:
ถอยไปไกล ๆ เลย อย่ามาแหยมนะ
thǎauy-bpai-glai-glai-looei yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná
“Back off, don’t mess with me.”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, อย่ามาลองดีนะ (yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná) is more formal than อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná). อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná) is used in spoken language.

2- You’re asking for trouble.

Thai: อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná); อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang)

Example 1:
ทำตัวดี ๆ อย่าหาเรื่องนะ
tham-dtuua-dii-dii yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná
“Behave, you are asking for trouble now.”

Example 2:
ใช่เรื่องนายรึเปล่า ถ้าไม่ใช่ก็อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง
châi-rûueang-khǎawng-naai-rúe-bplào thâa-mâi-châi-gâaw-yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang
“If it is not your business, then just back off. You’re asking for trouble now.”

Additional note: Actually, เธอกำลังหาปัญหาใส่ตัวอยู่ (thooe-gam-lang-hǎa-bpan-hǎa-sài-dtuaa-yhùu) is the literal meaning of “You’re asking for trouble.” However, Thai people don’t say that. We use อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná) or อย่าแส่หาเรือง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang), which literally mean “Don’t ask for trouble.” Comparing อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná) and อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang), the first one is more polite than the second one.

3- Don’t make me say it again.

Thai: อย่าให้ต้องเตือนอีกนะ (yhàa-hâi-dtâawng-dtuuean-ìik-ná)

Example:
รู้ใช่มั้ยว่าถ้าผลการเรียนไม่ดีจะเป็นยังไง ทำตัวดี ๆ อย่าให้ต้องเตือนอีกนะ
Rúu-châi-mái-wâa-thâa-phǒn-gaan-riian-mâi-dii-jà-bpen-yang-ngai tham-dtuua-dii-dii yhàa-hâi- dtâawng-dtuuean-ìik-ná
“You do know what would happen if your school report remains bad, right? So be a good student. Don’t make me say it again.”

4- This is my last warning.

Thai: เตือนครั้งสุดท้ายนะ (dtuuean-khráng-sùt-tháai-ná)

Example:
เตือนครั้งสุดท้ายนะ ถ้ายังสอบตกอีกจะไม่ให้เล่นเกมส์แล้ว
dtuuean-khráng-sùt-tháai-ná thâa-yang-sàawp-dtòk-ìik-jà-mâi-hâi-lên-geem-láaeo
“This is my last warning. If you fail another test, you will no longer be allowed to play games.”

This Is My Last Warning

5- I don’t want to see you again.

Thai: อย่ามาให้เห็นหน้าอีก (yhàa-maa-hâi-hěn-nhâa-ìik)

Example:
ถ้ายืนยันจะทำแบบนี้ิ ก็อย่ามาให้เห็นหน้าอีกนะ
thâa-yuuen-yan-jà-tham-bàaep-níi gâaw-yhàa-maa-hâi-hěn-nhâa-ìik-ná
“I don’t want to see you again if you insist on doing that.”

6- Don’t be silly.

Thai: อย่างี่เง่า (yhàa-ngîi-ngâo)

Example:
อย่างี่เง่านะ จะไม่โกรธอะไรกับเรื่องไม่เป็นเรื่อง
yhàa-ngîi-ngâo-ná jà-maa-gròot-à-rai-gàp-rûueang-mâi-bpen-rûueang
“Don’t be silly, you are making a problem out of nothing.”

7- I will not tolerate that.

Thai: เหลือทนแล้วนะ (lǔuea-thon-láaeo-ná); ทนไม่ไหวแล้ว (thon-mâi-wǎi-láaeo)

Example 1:
เหลือทนแล้วนะ วัน ๆ ไม่ทำอะไรให้มีประโยชน์เลย
lǔuea-thon-láaeo-ná wan-wan-mâi-tham-à-rai-hâi-mii-bprà-yòot-looei
“I will not tolerate this. You don’t do anything useful at all.”

Example 2:
ทำไมเธอถึงซกมกได้ขนาดนี้ ฉันทนไม่ไหวแล้ว
tham-mai-thooe-thǔng-sók-mók-dâi-khà-nàat-níi chǎn-thon-mâi-wǎi-láaeo
“How can you be this messy? I will no longer tolerate this.”

8- It is none of your business.

Thai: อย่าเสือก (yhàa-sùueak)

Example:
นี่มันเรื่องในครอบครัวของฉัน อย่าเสือก
nîi-man-rûueang-nai-khrâawp-khruua-khǎawng-chǎn yhàa-sùueak
“This is my family’s issue. It is none of your business.”

Additional note: This word is viewed as a bit rude.

4. Angry Blames

This section will teach you another type of angry phrase in Thai: the angry blame. Below is a list of phrases you can use.

1- What were you thinking?

Thai: คิดบ้าอะไรอยู่ (khít-bâa-à-rai-yhùu)

Example:
ซื้อของแพงขนาดนี้มาได้ยังไง คิดบ้าอะไรอยู่
súue-khǎawng-phaaeng-khà-nàat-níi-maa-dâi-yang-ngai khít-bâa-à-rai-yhùu
How could you buy such an expensive thing? What were you thinking?”

2- Who do you think you are?

Thai: คิดว่าตัวเองเป็นใครกัน (khít-wâa-dtuua-eeng-bpen-khrai-gan)

Example:
อยู่ ๆ จะมาสั่งนู่นสั่งนี่ได้ยังไง คิดว่าตัวเองเป็นใครกัน
yhùu-yhùu-ja-maa-sàng-nûun-sàng-nîi-dâi-yang-ngai khít-wâa-dtuaa-eeng-bpen-khrai-gan
“How can you go bossing people around? Who do you think you are?”

3- Are you out of your mind?

Thai: บ้าไปแล้วรึไง (bâa-bpai-láaeo-rúe-ngai)

Example:
บ้าไปแล้วรึไง เราแทบจะไม่มีอะไรกินอยู่แล้วยังเอาเงินไปเล่นพนันอีก
bâa-bpai-láaeo-rúe-ngai rao-thâaep-jà-mâi-mii-à-rai-gin-yhùu-láaew-yang-ao-ngooen-bpai-lên-phá-nan-ìik
“Are you out of your mind? We almost have nothing to eat, but you still use our money for gambling.”

4- What’s wrong with you?

Thai: เป็นบ้าอะไรเนี่ย (bpen-bâa-à-rai-nîia)

Example:
เป็นบ้าอะไรเนี่ย มาถึงก็โวยวายเสียงดัง
bpen-bâa-à-rai-nîia maa-thǔeng-gâaw-wooi-waai-sǐiang-dang
“What’s wrong with you? You were frantic as soon as you arrived.”

5- It’s all your fault.

Thai: ความผิดเธอ / นายนั่นแหละ (khwaam-phìt-thooe / naai-nân-làae)

Example:
ความผิดเธอนั่นแหละที่คืนนี้พวกเราไม่มีที่ซุกหัวนอน
khwaam-phìt-thooe-nân-lhàae-thîi-khuuen-níi-rao-mâi-mii-thîi-súk-hǔa-naawn
“It’s all your fault we have no place to sleep tonight.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

6- You messed it up.

Thai words: เธอ / นาย ทำพังเอง (thooe / naai-tham-phang-eeng)

Example:
นายทำพังเอง อย่ามาโทษคนอื่นนะ
naai-tham-phang-eeng yhàa-maa-thôot-khon-ùuen-ná
“You messed it up. Don’t blame it on others.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

7- You’re impossible.

Thai: เธอ / นาย ช่างเรื่องเยอะ (thooe / naai-châang-rûueang-yóe)

Example:
เธอช่างเรื่องเยอะ ใครทำอะไรก็ไม่ถูกใจ
thooe-chaang-ruueang-yóe khrai-tham-à-rai-gaaw-mai-thuuk-jai
“You’re impossible. No one can please you.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

5. Describing How You Feel in Thai

Another way you can express your anger is to tell others how you feel. For example, knowing how to say “I am angry” in Thai will be immensely helpful. You can use the sentences below to convey your anger, or other negative emotions, in Thai.

1- I’m very upset.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมอารมณ์เสียแล้วนะ (chǎn / phǒm-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo-ná)

Example:
เธอไม่ฟังที่ฉันบอกเลย ฉันอารมณ์เสียแล้วนะ
thooe-mâi-fang-thîi-chǎn-bàawk-looei chǎn-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo-ná
“You’re not even listening to what I’m saying. I’m very upset.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm).

Man with Steam Coming Out of His Ears

2- I’m fed up with it.

Thai: เหลือจะทนแล้วนะ (lǔuea-jà-thon-láaeo-ná)

Example:
เธอพูดจาดูถูกฉันมาตลอด เหลือจะทนแล้วนะ
thooe-phûut-jaa-duu-thùuk-chǎn-maa-dtà-làawt lǔuea-jà-thon-láaeo-ná
“You always insult me. I’m fed up with it.”

3- I hate it.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมเกลียดมัน (chǎn / phǒm-glìiat-man)

Example:
เพื่อนคนนั้นแกล้งผมบ่อยมาก ผมเกลียดมัน
phûuean-khon-nán-glâaeng-phǒm-bàauy-mâak phǒm-glìiat-man
“That friend bullies me very often. I hate it.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm). Normally, มัน (man) refers to “it” in Thai. However, sometimes, Thai people impolitely use this word to refer to people they don’t like.

4- I have never been so disappointed.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมโคตรผิดหวังเลย (chǎn / phǒm-khôot-phìt-wǎng-looei)

Example:
พอรู้ว่าทีมของเราแพ้ ผมโคตรผิดหวังเลย
phaaw-rúu-wâa-thiim-khǎawng-phûuak-rao-pháae phǒm-khôot-phìt-wǎng-looei
“I have never been so disappointed to learn that our team lost.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm). โคตร (khôot) means “very” in Thai. However, it’s not polite to use this word, so don’t ever use it in formal situations.

6. Angry Exclamations in Thai

Negative Verbs

In addition to phrases and sentences, another way you can express your anger in Thai is through angry exclamations. There are three angry exclamations you should know.

1- หน็อย

Thai pronunciation: nhǎauy

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry and feel like doing something to the cause of their anger.

Example:
หน็อย ถ้าเจออีกนะ จะเตะแม่งเลย
nhǎauy thâa-jooe-ìik-ná jà-dtè-mâaeng-looei
“Nhǎauy, if I see him again, I will kick his ass.”

2- โธ่เว้ย

Thai pronunciation: thôo-wóoei

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry and disappointed due to a failure on their part.

Example:
โธ่เว้ย ถูกหวยกินอีกแล้ว
thôo-wóoei thùuk-hǔuai-gin-ìik-láaeo
“Thôo-wóoei, I lost my money to the lottery again.”

3- แม่งเอ๊ย

Thai pronunciation: mâaeng-óoei

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry because things didn’t go as they wished.

Example:
แม่งเอ๊ย จะเอาอะไรนักหนาวะ
mâaeng-óoei jà-ao-à-rai-nák-nhǎa-wá
“Mâaeng-óoei, what more do you want from me?”

7. How to Calm Yourself Down

Now that you’ve learned sentences and phrases you can use to express your anger in Thai, we’ll now teach you some tips on how to calm yourself down.

1- Take a deep breath.

Thai: หายใจลึก ๆ (hǎai-jai-lúek-lúek)

Example:
หายใจลึก ๆ อย่าวู่วาม
hǎai-jai-lúek-lúek yhàa-wûu-waam
“Take a deep breath; don’t act hastily.”

2- Count 1-10.

Thai: นับหนึ่งถึงสิบ (náp-nùeng-thǔeng-sìp)

Example:
ใจเย็น ๆ นะ นับหนึ่งถึงสิบก่อน เดี๋ยวจะพลาดทำอะไรโง่ ๆ ไป
jai-yen-yen-ná náp-nùeng-thǔeng-sìp-gàawn dǐiao-jà-phlâat-tham-à-rai-ngôo-ngôo-bpai
“Calm down and count 1-10, or else you may do stupid things.”

3- Find something else to do.

Thai: หาอะไรอย่างอื่นทำ (hǎa-à-rai-yàang-ùuen-tham)

Example:
ตอนนี้เธออารมณ์เสียแล้ว ไปหาอะไรอย่างอื่นทำก่อนไป
dtaawn-níi-thooe-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo bpai-hǎa-à-rai-yàang-ùuen-tham-gàawn-bpai
“You are already upset. You better find something else to do.”

Additional note: If you do another activity, you may forget that you were angry.

4- Go to sleep.

Thai: ไปนอนซะ (bpai-naawn-sá)

Example:
ถ้าทำแล้วหงุดหงิดก็ไปนอนซะ
thâa-tham-láaeo-ngùt-ngìt-gâaw-bpai-naawn-sá
“If doing this makes you angry, then just go to sleep.”

Additional note: If you go to sleep, you may forget that you were angry by the time you wake up.

Just Go to Sleep

5- Talk it out.

Thai: บ่นมา (bòn-maa); ระบายออกมา (rá-baai-àawk-maa)

Example 1:
หน้าบึงเชียว บ่นมา จะได้อารมณ์ดีข้ึน
nhâa-bûeng-chiiao bòn-maa jà-dai-aa-rom-dii-khûen
“You are scowling. Talk it out; it will make your mood better.”

Example 2:
ไปโกรธอะไรมา ระบายออกมากจะได้สบายใจ
bpai-gròot-a-rai-maa rá-baai-àawk-maa-jà-dai-sà-baai-jai
“Why are you angry? Talk it out, you’ll feel better.”

Additional note: Talking may not solve the problem, but it can make you feel better.

8. Conclusion

You’ve just finished another lesson. Congratulations! How do you feel after learning Thai angry phrases? Does the way Thai people express anger differ from how you do? Please comment below to let us know.

We would also like to remind you that despite sometimes speaking rudely when angry, Thai people have a negative attitude toward people who speak impolitely. So you should refrain from speaking rudely, even when you’re angry.

And now that you’ve finished this lesson, there’s so much more for you to explore on ThaiPod101.com. We have a variety of fun and interesting lessons waiting for you. Maybe after reading this article about getting angry in Thai, you should try 15 happy words or the top 20 words for positive emotions to lighten up your mood.

Happy Thai learning!

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Life Event Messages: Learn Happy Birthday in Thai & More!

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People are pretty much the same. We’re born, live our life, and in the end, we die. However, the life events people celebrate and experience around the world are not always the same. This is because each country has its own culture, traditions, and beliefs, which causes people the world over to pay attention to different events in life.

In this lesson, you’ll get to learn about life events in Thai. ThaiPod101.com will teach you about important life events in Thailand, what happens during those events, and what you’re supposed to say (like Happy Birthday in Thai or how to wish a happy new year in Thai). As mentioned earlier, these events are influenced by culture, tradition, and beliefs, so you’ll also get to learn more about Thai people in those respects as well.

There are many important life events in Thailand, and many Thai congratulations and condolences you can offer. And we have good news for you: all of these messages can be used for both speaking and writing!

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Table of Contents

  1. Birthdays in Thailand
  2. Graduation in Thailand
  3. Ordination Ceremony in Thailand
  4. Weddings in Thailand
  5. Pregnancy in Thai
  6. New House
  7. New Business or Business Anniversary
  8. Visiting Injured/Sick People
  9. Funerals in Thai
  10. Holidays in Thailand
  11. Conclusion

1. Birthdays in Thailand

Happy Birthday

It’s natural for people to pay attention to birthdays. After all, it marks the beginning of a person’s life. วันเกิด (wan-gòoet) is “birthday” in Thai. When it comes to birthdays, the questions that may pop into your mind are about how to write “Happy Birthday to you” in Thai or how to sing the Happy Birthday song in Thai. Don’t worry; we’ll get everything covered for you. But before we answer your questions, let’s learn more about this event from a Thai person’s perspective.

Birthdays aren’t considered a very important event in Thailand. Children may get excited for their birthdays, and celebrate with birthday cake and presents from family and friends. When it comes to adults, the level of attention people pay to birthdays in Thailand varies. Some people throw a big party to celebrate a birthday, while others just do merit and go out for a special meal with family, friends, or their lover. Still, some people don’t pay attention to this event at all; it’s just another day for them.

If you live in Thailand or happen to know Thai people and want to wish them a happy birthday in Thai, you should focus on the information below.

1- Happy Birthday in Thai

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันเกิด

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan-gòoet

Additional note: This is a very general way to wish someone a happy birthday in Thai, and you can use this in both formal and informal situations. Still, it’s good to know that Thai people often say “Happy Birthday” in English, as well as สุขสันต์วันเกิด (sùk-sǎn wan-gòoet). Now, about the Happy Birthday song in Thai—there is none. Thai people sing the English version.

2- Happy Birthday Wishes in Thai

Thai people often wish for the birthday person to be healthy, wealthy, happy, and to have a good time. Here is a list of formal birthday wishes in Thai you can use.

Wish 1: I wish you to be healthy.

Thai language: ขอให้สุขภาพร่างกายแข็งแรง

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi sùk-khà-phâap-râang-gaai khǎaeng-raaeng

Wish 2: I wish you to be very happy.

Thai language: ขอให้มีความสุขมาก ๆ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii khwaam-sùk mâak-mâak

Wish 3: I wish you to be wealthy.

Thai language: ขอให้ร่ำรวย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi râm-ruuai

Wish 4: I wish you to have a good year.

Thai language: ขอให้ปีนี้เป็นปีที่ดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bpii-níi bpen bpii thîi dii

3- Happy Birthday Wishes to Elders in Thai

In Thai culture, you can say that you wish something for younger people, but it’s not proper for younger people to do this for elders. This is because, in Thai society, young people are expected to respect people who are older. If you do wish something for an elder, there is a way to say it properly, shown below.

Thai language: ขอให้คุณพระศรีรัตนตรัยบันดาลให้…

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi khun phrá-srǐi-rát-dtà-ná-dtrai ban-daan hâi…

English translation: “May the triple gems wish you…”

Additional note: Since you can’t bless elders directly, you ask a sacred item that Thai people believe blesses them instead. In Thailand, most people are Buddhist, so Thai people often use พระศรีรัตนตรัย (phrá-srǐi-rát-dtà-ná-dtrai), which is “the triple gems.”

Happy Birthday

2. Graduation in Thailand

Basic Questions

พิธีสำเร็จการศึกษา (phí-thii sǎm-rèt gaan-sùek-sǎa), or a “graduation ceremony,” is a big event in Thailand. It’s viewed as the first success in life, as well as a sign that you’ve become an adult; after this, you’re expected to work and take care of yourself. On graduation day, graduated students receive a diploma from the Thai royal family. Family and friends normally come to congratulate graduates with flowers and gifts.

If you happen to have a Thai friend who’s about to graduate, here’s a list of graduation messages in Thai you can use.

1- Happy Graduation in Thai

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยที่เรียนจบ

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii-dûuai thîi riian jòp

Additional note: This is a very typical graduation wish you can use in both formal and informal situations.

2- I would like to congratulate to graduate.

Thai language: ขอแสดงความยินดีกับบัณฑิตใหม่

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw sà-daaeng khwaam-yin-dii gàp ban-dìt mài

Additional note: This is another congratulation in Thai for graduates you can use. This one is more formal than the previous one.

3- Graduation Wishes in Thai

In addition to the two ways of saying congratulations in Thai above, you can also say offer more good wishes to the graduate. These wishes can be used in both formal and informal situations. The basic sentence you should know is ดีใจด้วย ขอให้… (dii-jai-dûuai khǎaw-hâi), which means “I’m so happy for you. I wish (you to be)…”. You can choose one of the wishes listed below to fill the blank.

Wish 1: Be successful in work.

Thai language: ประสบความสำเร็จในการทำงาน

Thai pronunciation: bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt nai gaan-tham-ngaan

Wish 2: Be successful in life.

Thai language: ประสบความสำเร็จในชีวิต

Thai pronunciation: bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt nai chii-wít

Wish 3: A bright and shiny future is waiting for you.

Thai language: มีอนาคตที่สดใสรออยู่

Thai pronunciation: mii a-naa-khót thîi sòt-sǎi raaw yùu

3. Ordination Ceremony in Thailand

งานบวช (ngaan-bùuat) is “ordination ceremony” in Thai. For Buddhist families with son(s), the ordination ceremony is considered a big life event for them. As the head of a family in the future, it’s tradition for males to be ordained for a short period of time to learn the Buddha’s teachings so that he can use them later in life. Family and friends are invited to this ordinations ceremony. ThaiPod101.com will teach you sentences you may hear, and some you can use, to congratulate someone in formal situations.

Ordination Ceremony

1- I’m so happy for you.

Thai language: ขอร่วมอนุโมทนาบุญด้วย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw rûuam à-nú-moo-thá-naa-bun dûuai

Additional note: This Thai message is quite special. It’s used in Buddhism-related situations only. In an ordination ceremony, Thai people use this phrase to show that they’re happy for what you’re doing (getting ordained to be a monk).

2- I hope you will be able to learn Buddha’s teachings well.

Thai language: ขอให้ศึกษาพระธรรมให้เต็มที่

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi sùek-sǎa phrá-tham hâi dtem-thîi

Additional note: You can use this phrase in addition to saying that you’re happy they’re going to study as a monk.

3- You’re becoming a monk so your parents can go to heaven.

Thai language: บวชให้พ่อแม่ได้เกาะชายผ้าเหลืองขึ้นสวรรค์

Thai pronunciation: bùuat hâi phâaw-mâae dâi gàw chaai-phâa-lǔueang khûen sà-wǎn

Additional note: This isn’t a message you say to the host, but is rather a famous saying related to the ordination ceremony which reflects Thai beliefs regarding this matter. Its literal meaning is “ordain so parents can hold the rim of yellow clothes to heaven.” Here’s an explanation: Thai monks have their own outfit, which is a yellow robe. In the ordination ceremony, a new monk wears the yellow robe for the first time, and parents can hold on to the rim of the yellow outfit to the heaven.

4. Weddings in Thailand

Marriage Proposal

Like the rest of the world, a wedding is an important life event in Thailand. Most people, especially women, want to have a wedding ceremony. Some wedding ceremonies are pretty small, and only family and close friends are invited. Some wedding ceremonies, however, can be very big with up to a thousand guests. Normally, at the reception of the wedding, there’s a book for guests to write their wishes to the bride and groom in. If you’re going to a Thai wedding, here are wedding messages in Thai, and other Thai wedding congratulations, you can use.

1- Congratulations on your wedding.

Thai language: ยินดีกับการแต่งงานด้วย

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii gàp gaan-dtàaeng-ngaan dûuai

Additional note: This is a very general way to congratulate the wedding. You can use this in both formal and informal situations.

2- Wedding Wish from an Elder

In Thai society, when an elder offers good wishes to a younger bride and groom, they often use these wishes.

Wish 1: Wish you to love each other until you are old.

Thai language: ขอให้รักกันจนแก่เฒ่า ถือไม้เท้ายอดทองกระบองยอดเพชร

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi rák-gan jon gàae-thâo thǔue-mái-tháo-yâawt-thaawng-grà-baawng- yâawt-phét

Wish 2: Wish you to be together forever and always forgive each other.

Thai language: ขอให้รักกันนาน ๆ หนักนิดเบาหน่อยก็ให้อภัยกันนะ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi rák gan naan-naan ngàk-nít-bao-nàauy gâaw hâi à-phai gan ná

Wish 3: Wish you to have a lot of children.

Thai language: ขอให้มีลูกเต็มบ้านมีหลานเต็มเมือง

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii lûuk dtem bâan mii-lǎan dtem muueang

3- Wedding Wishes from Friends

Wishes from friends are often more playful and informal. Here are the most popular ones.

Wish 1: I’m so happy that you are already married.

Thai language: ดีใจด้วย ขายออกแล้วนะ

Thai pronunciation: dii-jai dûuai khǎai àawk láaeo ná

Wish 2: I’m so happy for you and wish you eternal love.

Thai language: ดีใจด้วย รักกันนาน ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: dii-jai dûuai rák gan naan-naan ná

5. Pregnancy in Thai

Talking about Age

When you learn that your beloved one is pregnant, naturally, you’re happy for them. In some countries, they do baby showers to congratulate them. However, in Thailand, we don’t do that. Once the new mother gives birth, you go and visit them.

Then, a month after the baby is born, you do an event called ทำขวัญเดือน (tham-kwǎn-duuean) or โกนผมไฟ (goon-phǒm-fai). In this event, the family wishes good things for the baby and celebrates that the baby is safe and healthy. It’s the first time that the baby’s hair is cut. However, only family partakes in this event.

As a friend, if you want to congratulate your Thai friend on their pregnancy or childbirth, you can send them these messages.

1- Wish both mother and baby to be healthy.

Thai language: ขอให้แข็งแรงทั้งคุณแม่และลูก

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi khǎaeng-raaeng tháng khun-mâae láe lûuk

Additional note: This is a Thai wish for both the mother and baby, that you say to the mother. It’s quite common and can be used in both formal and informal situations.

2- Be good kids for mom and dad.

Thai language: เป็นเด็กดีของพ่อแม่นะ

Thai pronunciation: bpen dèk dii khǎawng phâaw-mâae ná

Additional note: This is a Thai wish you say to the baby, although the baby may not understand you yet. When Thai people speak this, they normally use a kind tone.

3- Wish your baby to be healthy and grow up to be a good child.

Thai language: ขอให้ลูกสุขภาพแข็งแรงและเป็นเด็กดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi lûuk sùk-khà-phâap khǎaeng-raaeng láe bpen dèk dii

Additional note: This is a Thai wish for the baby that you say to the mother. It’s quite common and can be used in both formal and informal situations.

Happy Baby

6. New House

Owning a house or condo in Thailand is viewed as another success. The owner of the house often hosts an event called งานทำบุญขึ้นบ้านใหม่ (ngaan tham-bun-khûen-bâan-mài), which means “merit making for new house,” to celebrate. They may also invite monks to bless the house so that it’s a nice place to live. Family and friends are normally invited to this event.

1- Congratulations on your new house.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยที่ได้ขึ้นบ้านใหม่

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai thîi dâi khûen bâan-mài

Additional note: This is a very general way to congratulate the owner of a new house. You can use this in both formal and informal situations.

2- This is a good house, making the occupant rich.

Thai language: บ้านนี้ดี อยู่แล้วรวย

Thai pronunciation: bâan níi dii yùu láaeo ruuai

Additional note: This is one of the wishes Thai people often write down on a card, which they give to the owner of the house.

3- Occupants in this house will be happy and rich.

Thai language: บ้านนี้อยู่แล้ว ร่มเย็นเป็นสุข ร่ำรวย

Thai pronunciation: bâan níi yùu láaeo rôm-yen-bpen-sùk râm-ruuai

Additional note: This is another wish that Thai people often write down on a card, which they give to the owner of the house.

7. New Business or Business Anniversary

When Thai people start a new business or have a business anniversary, they sometimes invite a monk to bless their business. They believe it will bring luck and help make their business successful. Family, friends, and business partners are invited. Here’s a list of best wishes in Thai you can say to congratulate them.

1- General Thai Message on New Business / Business Anniversary

Wish 1: Good luck! Good luck! Good luck!

Thai language: เฮง เฮง เฮง

Thai pronunciation: heng heng heng

Additional note: This is one of the most popular wishes for others when it comes to business. Actually, it comes from Chinese.

Wish 2: Congratulations.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยนะ

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai ná

2- Wishes for a New Business

Wish 1: Congratulations on your business, may it go well.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยกับธุรกิจใหม่ ขอให้กิจการรุ่งเรือง

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai gàp thú-rá-gìt mài khǎaw hâi gìt-jà-gaan rûng-ruueang

Wish 2: Congratulations on your business, may the sales be very good.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยกับธุรกิจใหม่ ขอให้ค้าขายรุ่งเรือง

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai gàp thú-rá-gìt mài khǎaw hâi kháa-khǎai rûng-ruueang

3- Wishing a Happy Business Anniversary

Wish 1: May your business be even more successful.

Thai language: ขอให้ประสบความสำเร็จยิ่ง ๆ ขึ้นไป

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt yîng-yîng-khûen-bpai

Wish 2: May you be richer.

Thai language: ขอให้ร่ำรวยยิ่ง ๆ ขึ้นไป

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi râm-ruuai yîng-yîng-khûen-bpai

8. Visiting Injured/Sick People

Being sick is an inevitable event in life. And when you’re sick or injured, encouragement from family, friends, and people who love you can always make you feel better. Thai people are no different.

When you’re sick, you normally get encouraging messages from those who love you. If you get admitted to the hospital, those who love you often come to visit with some fruit and nourishing food or drinks. If you visit Thai people in the hospital or have a sick friend, the following Thai condolences and encouragement phrases will be useful for you. You can use them in both formal and informal situations.

1- Get well soon.

Thai language: หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

Additional note: This is a general message that Thai people often say or write down on a card for someone who is sick or injured.

2- Get a lot of rest and get well soon.

Thai language: พักผ่อนเยอะ ๆ หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: phák-phàawn yóe-yóe hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

3- Take care of yourself and get well soon.

Thai language: ดูแลตัวเองดี ๆ หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: duu-laae dtuua-eeng dii-dii hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

9. Funerals in Thai

งานศพ (ngaan-sòp), or a “funeral,” is the chance for the living to pay respect to the dead, as well as comfort the family of the deceased. คำอาลัย (kham aa-lai) is the “message to the dead” in Thai. If you go to a funeral in Thailand, here are some funeral messages in Thai, and other condolences in Thai, you should know.

1- May you go to heaven.

Thai language 1: ขอให้ไปสู่สุคติ

Thai pronunciation 1: khǎaw hâi bpai sùu sùk-khà-dtì

Thai language 2: ขอให้ไปที่ชอบ ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation 2: khǎaw hâi bpai thîi-châawp-thîi-châawp ná

Additional note: This is a message that Thai people often say to the deceased at a funeral. Both sentences have the same meaning. However, the first one is more formal.

2- Message to the death (asking for forgiveness).

It’s impossible for people who know each other to never do, think, or say bad things to each other, regardless of intention. As most Thai people are Buddhist, we believe in a next life. Thus, it’s proper to ask for forgiveness and say that you forgive the deceased as well. So you should know these two sentences.

Message 1: Asking the deceased for forgiveness

Thai language: กรรมใดที่เคยทำไป อโหสิกรรมให้ด้วย

Thai pronunciation: gam-dai thîi khooei tham bpai à-hǒo-sì-gam hâi rao dûuai

Message 2: Forgiving the deceased for bad things he/she did to you

Thai language: ถ้าเคยทำอะไรที่ไม่ดีไว้ เราอโหสิกรรมให้

Thai pronunciation: thâa khooei tham à-rai thîi mâi dii wái rao à-hǒo-sì-gam hâi

3- Condolences in Thai

Message 1: My condolences for your loss. (Formal)

Thai language: ขอแสดงความเสียใจด้วย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw sà-daaeng kwaam-sǐia-jai dûuai

Message 2: My condolences for your loss. (Informal)

Thai language: เสียใจด้วย

Thai pronunciation: sǐia-jai dûuai

10. Holidays in Thailand

There are a lot of holidays in Thailand. Thai people celebrate many foreign holidays such as Valentine’s Day, Christmas, and Halloween. However, luckily, the holiday greetings in Thai, or holiday messages for foreign holidays, are no different from those used in other countries. Thai people often say those in English, such as “Merry Christmas” and “Happy Valentine’s Day.”

Still, ThaiPod101.com thinks you should learn some holiday wishes in Thai. In particular, the New Year holiday in Thailand is quite interesting.

In Thailand, people kind of celebrate the New Year three times a year: New Year’s Day, the Chinese New Year Day, and the Thai New Year Day. So you should learn some of the most common Thai New Year congratulations. The Thai wishes below can be used in both formal and informal situations.

1- Happy New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: Happy New Year

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันปีใหม่

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan-bpii-mài

Wish 2: Hello New Year

Thai language: สวัสดีปีใหม่

Thai pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii bpii-mài

Wish 3: May this year be full of happiness and prosperity.

Thai language: ขอให้มีแต่ความสุขความเจริญ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii dtàae khwaam-sùk khwaam-jà-rooen

Wish 4: May this be a good year.

Thai language: ขอให้ปีนี้เป็นปีที่ดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bpii-níi bpen bpii thîi dii

2- Happy Chinese New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: In this new year, may all your wishes come true. I wish you to be happy and rich all year.

Thai language: ซิงเจียยู่อี๋ ซิงนี้ฮวดใช้

Thai pronunciation: sin-jiia-yûu-ìi sin-níi-hûuat-chái

Additional note: This wish is Chinese. Despite saying this on the Chinese New Year, Thai people don’t really know what it means. They just know that they’re supposed to say this on that day.

Wish 2: Good luck! Good luck! Good luck!

Thai language: เฮง เฮง เฮง

Thai pronunciation: heng heng heng

Additional note: You may recognize this wish because it’s also used to wish a new business well, or to congratulate a business anniversary. It can also be used as a wish for the Chinese New Year as well.

3- Happy Thai New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: Happy Songkran Day

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันสงกรานต์

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan sǒng-graan

Wish 2: Hello Thai New Year

Thai language: สวัสดีปีใหม่ไทย

Thai pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii bpii-mài-thai

Wish 3: May this year be full of happiness.

Thai language: ขอให้มีแต่ความสุข

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii dtàae khwaam-sùk

Songkran Holiday

11. Conclusion

Congratulations for reaching the conclusion. We hope you can use all these wishes and messages for life events in real situations. Are they different from yours? Does your country have the same life events? Leave a comment below to let us know.

And as always, don’t forget to visit ThaiPod101.com to learn interesting and fun Thai lessons. As we’ve just talked about holidays, you can learn more about national Thai holidays or the Songkran holiday in Thailand. Know that your hard work will pay off, and with the help of ThaiPod101, you’ll be speaking like a native in no time!

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Celebrating the Songkran Festival in Thailand

Songkran Day, otherwise known as the Songkran Festival or Songkran Water Festival, is a unique Thai tradition that takes place in early spring each year. In this article, you’ll learn what the Songkran Festival is all about, how Thai people celebrate this holiday, and more!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Songkran Day?

The Songkran holiday in Thailand is a three-day celebration period. During the Songkran Festival, Thai people are able to get much-needed rest and relaxation from work or school, as well as plenty of play-time! This holiday is also a period of blessings and a time to ทำบุญ (tham-bun), or “make merit.”

The Songkran Festival is a tradition that is not only present in Thailand but also in other Southeast Asian countries such as Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka. It is presumed that this festival was influenced by the Holi festival in India.

2. When is Songkran?

Sprinkling Water

Each year, the Songkran date is from April 13 to April 15.

3. How is the Songkran Festival Celebrated?

Because the Songkran Festival is a long holiday, many Thai people go back to their hometown to visit family and old friends.

There are a number of events and traditions that take place during the Thai Songkran Festival. As mentioned earlier, this is a time to make merit. Many common events during this holiday period include acts of service (like saving animals that are trapped), charity operations, and asking blessings from elders. Many people also เข้าวัด (khâo-wát), or “go to the temple,” and give food to the monks.

During the Songkran Festival, Thailand also hosts a beauty pageant. In the Miss Songkran beauty pageant, Thai women from ages eighteen to twenty-five wear Thai dresses, express their personality, and try to answer important questions. The winner for each province is considered a lady capable of promoting tourism in that province.

Perhaps the tradition you’re most familiar with is that of playing with น้ำ (nám), or water. Throughout Thailand, people will splash or sprinkle each other with water, shoot people with water guns, and also สรงน้ำพระ (sóng-náam-phrá), or “bathe the Buddha statue.” This is because many Thais believe that splashing water onto others will rid them of bad luck and other bad things. In some places, people also rub chalk in each other’s faces.

4. Another Important Holiday

Do you know what other Thai holiday falls on April 13?

Since the reign of King Rama V, April 1 had been designated as the ปีใหม่ไทย (phii-mài-thai), or Thai New Year. Later, in 1940, the date of New Year’s Day was changed to the international day of January 1. However, as Thai people in those days were still used to New Year’s Day being in April, April 13 was designated the first day of the Songkran holiday period, as well as the traditional Thai New Year.

    → Did you know that some people in Thailand also observe the Chinese New Year?

5. Essential Vocabulary for Songkran Day

An Elephant

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Songkran!

  • น้ำ (nám) — “water”
  • ปีใหม่ไทย (phii-mài-thai) — “Thai New Year”
  • คำอวยพร (kham-uuai-phaawn) — “bless”
  • ทำบุญ (tham-bun) — “make merit”
  • รดน้ำดำหัว (rót-náam-dam-húua) — “water sprinkling”
  • ปืนฉีดน้ำ (bpuuen-chìit-náam) — “water gun”
  • น้ำอบ (náam-òp) — “Thai perfume”
  • สรงน้ำพระ (sóng-náam-phrá) — “bathe the Buddha statue”
  • เข้าวัด (khâo-wát) — “go to the temple”
  • สาดน้ำ (sàat-náam) — “throw water”
  • เทศกาลสงกรานต์ (thêet-sà-gaan sǒng-graan) — “Royal Songkran Festival”
  • ขบวนแห่ (khà-buuan-hàae) — “parade”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Thai Songkran Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Songkran Water Festival with us, and that you were able to take away some valuable cultural information.

What did you think about this holiday? Is there a similar celebration in your own country? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

Thailand has such a unique and colorful culture. If you’re interested in learning even more about it, ThaiPod101.com has you covered:

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Create your free lifetime account today, and start learning with us. 🙂

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Best Guide for Learning the Weather in Thai

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วันนี้อากาศดีจังเลยนะ (wan-níi aa-gàat dii jang looei ná) means “The weather is nice today,” in Thai. It’s a nice way to start a comfortable conversation with strangers or those you don’t know well. Apart from this, learning about weather is a good idea, as weather is a part of our daily lives. One way or another, it affects us.

For those who live in Thailand, weather definitely affects them.

So what’s the weather like in Thailand?

Since Thailand is not a small country, the weather varies in different parts of the country. Weather in Bangkok, Thailand is different from the weather in Pattaya and Phuket. Further, the weather that Thailand experiences changes from month to month. Still, most of the time, the weather in Thailand is hot and sunny.

Once you finish this article, you’ll know more about weather in Thailand. This article will teach you all the important weather-related words, phrases, and sentences, as well as information about the weather in Thailand year round.

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Table of Contents

  1. Weather-Related Vocabulary
  2. Seasons in Thailand
  3. Common Sentence Patterns about Weather
  4. Common Weather-Related Phrases and Sentences
  5. The Weather in Thailand All Year Round
  6. How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Conversation

1. Weather-Related Vocabulary

Weather

To start the lesson, let’s go over some vocabulary you can use when talking about weather. Here are some words you should know about weather conditions in Thai.

1- “Sunny”

Thai language: แดดจัด

Thai pronunciation: dàaet jàt

Example:
วันนี้แดดจัดมาก ดีนะที่เอาร่มมาด้วย
Wan-níi dàaet jàt mâak dii ná thîi ao rôm maa dûuai
“Today is very sunny. It is good that I brought an umbrella with me.”

2- “Rainy”

Thai language: ฝนตก

Thai pronunciation: fǒn dtòk

Example:
พยากรณ์อากาศแสดงว่าพรุ่งนี้จะฝนตก
Phá-yaa-gaawn aa-gàat sà-daaeng wâa phrûng-nii jà fǒn dtòk
“The weather forecast shows that tomorrow will be rainy.”

3- “Cloudy”

Thai language: มีเมฆมาก

Thai pronunciation: mii mêek mâak

Example:
วันนี้มีเมฆมาก ผ้าจะแห้งช้า
Wan-níi mii mêek mâak phâa ja hâaeng cháa
“Today is very cloudy. It will take a long time for the clothes to dry after laundry.”

4- “Windy”

Thai language: ลมแรง

Thai pronunciation: lom raaeng

Example:
เมื่อวานฉันไปทะเลมา ลมแรงมาก
Mûuea-waan chǎn bpai thá-lee maa lom raaeng mâak
“Yesterday I went to the sea. It was very windy.”

5- “Snow”

Thai language: หิมะ

Thai pronunciation: hì-má

Example:
ประเทศไทยอากาศร้อน ไม่มีหิมะที่นี่
Bprà-thêet thai aa-gàat ráawn mâak mâi mii hì-má dtòk thîi nîi
“Thailand is a hot country. There is no snow here.”

6- “Hail”

Thai language: ลูกเห็บ

Thai pronunciation: lûuk-hèp

Example:
บางทีลูกเห็บก็ตกที่ภาคอีสาน
Baang-thii lûuk-hèp gâaw dtòk thîi phâak ii-sǎan
“Sometimes, there is hail in northeast Thailand.”

7- “Weather”

Thai language: อากาศ

Thai pronunciation: aa-gàat

Example:
อากาศในประเทศไทยเป็นอย่างไร
Aa-gàat nai bprà-thêet thai bpen yàang-rai
“How is the weather in Thailand?”

8- “Weather forecast

Thai language: พยากรณ์อากาศ

Thai pronunciation: phá-yaa-gaawn aa-gàat

Example:
คนไทยไม่ค่อยสนใจพยากรณ์อากาศ
Khon thai mâi khâauy sǒn-jai phá-ya-gaawn aa-gàat
“Thai people don’t pay much attention to the weather forecast.”

Weather Forecast

2. Seasons in Thailand

Now that you have basic knowledge about the weather in Thai, the next thing you should learn is the seasons. ฤดูกาล (rúe-duu-gaan) is “season” in Thai. Despite being hot for most of the year, there are three seasons in Thailand.

1- “Summer

Thai language: ฤดูร้อน

Thai pronunciation: rúe-duu ráawn

Information: Many people joke that Thailand has three types of weather: hot, hotter, and hottest. In spite of that, summer in Thailand lasts only three months, from mid-February to mid-May. The temperature during this period is very high, starting from 35 degrees celsius and sometimes reaching higher than 40 degrees celsius in April. The weather in summer in Thailand is very hot and humid.

2- “Rainy season

Thai language: ฤดูฝน

Thai pronunciation: rúe-duu fǒn

Information: Surprisingly, the rainy season is the longest season in Thailand. It starts in mid-May and lasts until mid-October, covering over a five-month period. In Thailand, it won’t rain all the time; there’s usually a few-week gap between rains. Still, in the rainy season, the traffic can be very bad if the rain falls in urban areas, so you should plan your trip well.

3- “Winter

Thai language: ฤดูหนาว

Thai pronunciation: rúe-duu nǎao

Information: From mid-October to mid-February, it’s winter in Thailand. However, the weather isn’t as cold as winter in other countries. The only parts of Thailand that get very cold are the northern, northeastern, and mountainous areas. Some years, the weather is chilly, while other years, the weather is hot like summer.

3. Common Sentence Patterns about Weather

Complaints

In this section, you’ll learn some sentences you can use to comment about the weather in Thai. To make it easy to understand, we’ve listed some common sentence patterns about weather, categorized by type of weather. Once you have these basic sentence patterns down, you’ll be able to hold short conversations about the weather and express your opinions about it.

1- General weather

  • วันนี้อากาศดี
    wan-níi aa-gàat dii
    “The weather is good today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศไม่ดี
    wan-níi aa-gàat mâi dii
    “The weather is bad today.”

2- Hot weather

  • วันนี้อากาศร้อน
    wan-níi aa-gàat ráawn
    “The weather is hot today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศร้อนมาก
    wan-níi aa-gàat ráawn mâak
    “The weather is very hot today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศร้อนอบอ้าว
    wan-níi aa-gàat ráawn òp-âao
    “The weather is hot and humid today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศร้อนตับแตก
    wan-níi aa-gàat ráawn dtàp-dtàaek
    “The weather is very hot today.” [Slang]

3- Related to rain

  • ตอนนี้ฝนตก
    dtaawn-níi fǒn dtòk
    “It is raining now.”
  • ฝนตกหนัก
    fǒn dtòk nàk
    “It is raining really hard.”

It’s Raining Really Hard.

  • ฝนตกหนักมาก
    fǒn dtòk nàk mâak
    “It is raining extremely hard.”
  • ฝนตกปรอย ๆ
    fǒn dtòk bpraauy-bpraauy
    “It is drizzling.”
  • ฝนตกไม่ลืมหูลืมตา
    fǒn dtòk mâi luuem-hǔu-luuem-dtaa
    “It is raining cats and dogs.” [Rough translation of Thai idiom]

4- Cold weather

  • วันนี้อากาศเย็นสบาย
    wan-níi aa-gàat yen sà-baai
    “It is chilly today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศหนาว
    wan-níi aa-gàat nǎao
    “It is cold today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศหนาวมาก
    wan-níi aa-gàat nǎao mâak
    “It is very cold today.”
  • วันนี้อากาศหนาวจนตัวแข็ง
    wan-níi aa-gàat nǎao jon dtuua khǎeng
    “It is freezing cold today.”

4. Common Weather-Related Phrases and Sentences

Apart from the sentences listed in the last section, you should also learn how Thai people talk when it comes to weather. Unlike people in some other countries, Thai people normally don’t do small talk about changes in the weather. To start a conversation about the weather, Thai people just comment about the weather on that day, or during that period, usually with sentences like those in the previous section.

Still, there are some weather-related or season-related phrases and sentences you’re likely to hear, especially on the news or other media. So let’s learn them.

  • ช่วงนี้ฝนตกบ่อย อย่าลืมพกร่ม
    chûuang-níi fǒn dtòk bàauy yàa luuem phók rôm
    “It’s raining a lot recently, so don’t forget your umbrella.”

Don’t Forget Your Umbrella

  • ช่วงนี้อากาศเริ่มเย็น ระวังเป็นหวัด
    chûuang-níi aa-gàat rôoem yen rá-wang bpen wàt
    The weather is getting cold, don’t catch a cold.”
  • ตอนนี้หน้าฝนแล้ว ระวังโรคไข้เลือดออก
    dtaawn-níi nâa fǒn láaeo rá-wang rôok khâi-lûueat-àawk
    “It is the rainy season now, so be aware of dengue fever.”
  • ถ้าอากาศร้อนมาก อย่าอยู่ข้างนอกนาน ระวังเป็นลมแดด
    thâa aa-gàat ráawn mâak yàa yùu khâang nâawk naan rá-wang bpen lom dàaet
    “If the weather is very hot, don’t stay outside for too long or you will get heat stroke.”
  • ตอนนี้อากาศในไทยแย่มาก อย่าลืมใส่หน้ากากตอนออกไปข้างนอก
    dtaawn-níi aa-gàat nai thai yâae mâak yàa luuem sài nâa-gàak dtaawn àawk bpai khâang-nâawk
    “The current weather in Thailand is very bad now; don’t forget to wear a facemask when going outside.”

Don’t Forget to Wear a Facemask When Going Outside.

5. The Weather in Thailand All Year Round

Whether you’re going to live in Thailand or just visit there, it’s nice to know what to expect from the weather and seasons in Thailand.

For those who want to live in Thailand, you should know what the weather is like during each month of the year so that you can prepare yourself accordingly. For travelers, you should know when the best time to visit Thailand is, according to the weather.

Below is practical information on Thailand weather by month.

1- Weather in January in Thailand

Thailand weather in January is chilly, in a nice way. The weather in most parts of the country is nice and cool. In terms of Thai weather, it’s the best time to visit the northern part of Thailand. The Chiangmai Thailand weather and Chiangrai Thailand weather are nice, and the scenery is very beautiful.

2- Weather in February in Thailand

Thailand weather in February is a mix of chilly and hot weather. At the beginning of February, the weather tends to be chilly; by the end of February, the temperature starts to increase.

3- Weather in March in Thailand

Thailand weather in March marks the start of summer. People in Thailand start to feel the heat at this time of year. Since the weather is pretty hot, an umbrella will be a big help for you.

4- Weather in April in Thailand

Thai weather in April is extremely hot; it’s the hottest time of the year in Thailand. If you’re going to visit Thailand during this period, be mindful of heat stroke. Still, during April 13-15, it’s the “Songkran holiday” and people play in the water during this period. Many Thai natives and foreigners greatly enjoy the fun activities during this holiday period.

5- Weather in May in Thailand

Thai weather in the later half of May marks the start of the rainy season in Thailand. The weather during this period is hot and humid. Starting from this month, the weather in southern Thailand isn’t very traveler-friendly. For example, Krabi weather and Koh Samui weather aren’t very nice, as there’s a good chance of storms.

6- Weather in June in Thailand

Thai weather in June isn’t very good for those who travel often. Since it rains a lot, you have to always bring an umbrella with you. Bangkok weather is quite troublesome in particular. When it rains a lot, the traffic will be extremely bad. Also, there may be small floods, so you need to check Thai weather forecasts in order to prepare yourself for each day.

7- Weather in July in Thailand

Thai weather in July isn’t very different from that in June. For those who want to travel to an island in Thailand, please note that this period isn’t the best time. For example, the weather in Phuket isn’t very good; it can be cloudy and rain quite a lot.

8- Weather in August in Thailand

Thai weather in August isn’t as bad as it was during the previous two months. Normally, it doesn’t rain as much, making this the best time to travel to see a waterfall. There will be a lot of water at the waterfall and dam, and you can actually enjoy it since it won’t be raining much.

9- Weather in September in Thailand

Thai weather in September is quite similar to the weather in August. However, it rains even less. It’s still a good time to see waterfalls and dams, though the water levels won’t be as high.

10- Weather in October in Thailand

Thai weather in October marks the start of winter in Thailand. However, you won’t feel much difference in temperature unless you’re in northern Thailand.

11- Weather in November in Thailand

Thai weather in November starts to get a little more chilly in this month. It’s a nice time to travel to the sea in southern Thailand, and there are no storms during this period.

12- Weather in December in Thailand

Thai weather in December is the coldest period of the year. Still, in places like Bangkok, the temperature is only around 20-25 degrees celsius (68-77 degrees F). It’s colder in northern Thailand and northeast Thailand. This is the best time to travel to those places, as the weather is very nice.

6. How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Conversation

Congratulations on reaching the end! We hope you’ve studied well. It may take some time to get used to all of these sentences and phrases, but with some practice, you should have no problem.

Also, since you’ve already finished this lesson, don’t forget to continue learning at ThaiPod101.com. There are various lessons for you to choose from, such as “Riding a Train in Thailand” and “Proper Way to do Business in Thailand.” Have fun learning Thai! ^^

What is the weather like in your country? Is it the same or different from that in Thailand? Let us know in the comments section!

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