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Guide to Thai Time: How to Ask for the Time in Thai & More


Time is an important part of our life. Thus, it makes sense for Thai learners to learn how to ask for and give the time in Thai. Knowing Thai time phrases enables you to plan your schedule, make appointments, and better understand Thai conversations.

Telling Thai time is pretty different from doing so in English. Most of the words and phrases we’re going to look at aren’t difficult to understand, but you will need some time to get used to using them. For example, you don’t have to worry about remembering a.m. or p.m. in Thai because there is none. And we can also assure you that the way Thai people tell time is pretty straightforward, so it’s not hard to remember.

In this lesson, we’ll teach you basic time-related vocabulary such as the hours, minutes, and seconds in Thai. You’ll also get to learn various ways of telling the time in the Thai language, grouped into formal and informal ways for easier understanding. Of course, you’ll get to see and practice with many examples. Moreover, this lesson also provides you with a list of adverbs of time in Thai for more fluent speech, as well as time-related proverbs.  

So let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Time-Related Vocabulary in Thailand
  2. Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai
  3. Informal Way to Tell Time in Thai
  4. Time Adverbs in Thai
  5. Time-Related Proverbs and Sayings in Thai
  6. Conclusion

1. Time-Related Vocabulary in Thailand


Before learning how to tell time in Thailand, there’s some vocabulary to get out of the way first. Here’s a list of words you should know.

1- Time 

Thai word: เวลา (wee-laa)  



Jà rôoem bprà-chum wee-laa gìi moong

“What time will the meeting start?”

2- Day time 

Thai word: กลางวัน (glaang-wan)


ตอนกลางวัน ข้างนอกร้อนมาก

Dtaawn glaang-wan khâang nâawk ráawn mâak

“In the day time, it is very hot outside.”

Additional note

There are three words that are often followed by กลางวัน (glaang-wan), listed below. The meaning of กลางวัน (glaang-wan) and these three words are pretty similar, so they can be used interchangeably.

  • เวลากลางวัน (wee-laa glaang-wan
  • ตอนกลางวัน (dtaawn glaang-wan
  • ช่วงกลางวัน (chûuang glaang-wan)

3- Night time 

Thai word: กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen)


อย่าออกไปข้างนอกเวลากลางคืนคนเดียว ไม่ปลอดภัย

Yàa àawk bpai khâang nâawk wee-laa glaang-khuuen khon-diiao mâi bplàawt-phai

“Don’t go out alone at night time, it is not safe.”

Additional note

There are three words that are often followed by กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen), listed below. The meaning of กลางคืน (glaang-khuuen) and these three words are pretty similar, so they can be used interchangeably. 

  • เวลากลางคืน (wee-laa glaang-khuuen
  • ตอนกลางคืน (dtaawn glaang-khuuen
  • ช่วงกลางคืน (chûuang glaang-khuuen)

4- O’clock 

Thai word: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa); โมง (moong)

Example 1:  

เมื่อวานนี้ นายกรัฐมนตรีเดินทางไปประเทศญี่ปุ่นตอนเวลา 10 นาฬิกา

Mûuea-waan-níi naa-yók rát-thà-mon-dtrii dooen-thaang bpai bprà-thêet yîi-bpùn dtaawn wee-laa sìp  naa-lí-gaa

“Yesterday, the prime minister went to Japan at 10 o’clock.”

Example 2:  

เธอจะถึงตอน 4 โมง

Thooe jà thǔeng dtaawn sìi moong

“She will arrive at 4 o’clock.”

Additional note

There are two points you need to know about the words for “o’clock” in Thai. 

One is the difference between นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) and โมง (moong). นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) is used in formal conversations, while โมง (moong) is used in informal conversations.  

Another point you should know is that นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) can also mean “clock” or “watch” in the Thai language.

5- Hour 

Thai word: ชั่วโมง (chûua-moong)


1 ชั่วโมงในภาษาไทยคืออะไร

Nùeng chûua-moong nai phaa-sǎa thai khuue à-rai

“What is 1 hour in the Thai language?”

6- Minute 

Thai word: นาที (naa-thii)



Khǎaw wee-laa ìik mâi gìi naa-thii

“I want a few more minutes.”

7- Second 

Thai word: วินาที (wí-naa-thii)


1 นาทีมี 60 วินาที

Nùeng naa-thii mii hòk-sìp wí-naa-thii

“There are 60 seconds in 1 minute.”

Additional note:  

In casual communication, Thai people often shorten the word วินาที (wí-naa-thii) to วิ ().

8. Clock

Thai word: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa)



Naa-lí-gaa khǎawng thooe sǔuai jang

“Your clock is so beautiful.”

Additional note:  

As mentioned above, นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) has many meanings in the Thai language. It can mean “o’clock” or “watch.”

9. Watch 

Thai word: นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue)



Naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue khǎawng thooe raa-khaa thâo-rǎi

“How much is your watch?”

Additional note:  

นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue) is the combination of two words: นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) which means “clock” and ข้อมือ (khâaw muue) which is “wrist” in Thai. Combined, the word refers to a clock on your wrist, which is a “watch.”

As mentioned above, you can also use the word นาฬิกา (naa-lí-gaa) to refer to a “watch” in the Thai language.  However, comparing the two words, นาฬิกาข้อมือ (naa-lí-gaa khâaw muue) conveys a more specific meaning.

2. Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai 

Improve Listening

In the Thai time system, there are two main ways of telling time: a formal way and an informal way. We’ll start with the formal way first. Thai people rarely use this in daily conversation, and you’re much more likely to hear this in the news or an announcement.

The basic thing you need to know about the Thai clock is that Thai people use the twenty-four-hour clock in formal situations. Fortunately, this part is pretty easy.

1- Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai – Full Version

Below is the pattern you need to remember. You may recognize these words from the vocabulary section above.

….. นาฬิกา   + ….. นาที 

….. naa-lí-gaa   + ….. naa-thii

….. o’clock   + ….. minute

To tell the time, all you need to do is put the number in front of the unit. Just remember that Thai people use the twenty-four-hour format in formal situations. So from 1 p.m. to 12 a.m., don’t forget to change the number of the hour to 13-24 instead. For example:

  • 3 a.m. in Thai is 3 นาฬิกา (sǎam naa-lí-gaa).
  • 4 p.m. in Thai is 16 นาฬิกา (sìp-hòk naa-lí-gaa).
  • 10:26 a.m. in Thai is 10 นาฬิกา 26 นาที (sìp naa-lí-gaa yîi-sìp-hòk naa-thii).
  • 11:58 p.m. in Thai is 23 นาฬิกา 58 นาที (yîi-sìp-sǎam naa-lí-gaa hâa-sìp-bpàaet naa-thii).
4 p.m.

2- Formal Way to Tell Time in Thai – Short Version 

XX:YY น.

Thai people only use this shortened version in writing. You have to remember the pattern above. XX is the hour and YY is the minutes, so just put the numbers for the hour and minute where they belong. For example:

  • 3 a.m. or 3 นาฬิกา (sǎam naa-lí-gaa) is 3:00 น.
  • 4 p.m. or 16 นาฬิกา (sìp-hòk naa-lí-gaa) is 16:00 น.
  • 10:26 a.m. or 10 นาฬิกา 26 นาที (sìp naa-lí-gaa yîi-sìp-hòk naa-thii) is 10:26 น.
  • 11:58 p.m. or 23 นาฬิกา 58 นาที (yîi-sìp-sǎam naa-lí-gaa hâa-sìp-bpàaet naa-thii) is 23:58 น.

3- Common Formal Time-Related Sentences and Phrases

Now, let’s practice some sentences and phrases for telling time in Thai in formal situations.

What time is it?

  • ขณะนี้เวลาเท่าไหร่
  • Khà-nà-níi wee-laa thâo-rài
What Time Is It?

The current time is …..

  • ขณะนี้เวลา ….. นาฬิกา ….. นาที
  • Khà-nà-níi wee-laa ….. naa-lí-ga ….. naa-thii

What time is the …..? 

  • ….. เวลาอะไร
  • ….. wee-laa à-rai



Bprà-chum wee-laa à-rai

“What time is the meeting?”

The time for XXX is ….. o’clock ….. minute.

  • XXX เวลา ….. นาฬิกา ….. นาที
  • XXX wee-laa ….. naa-lí-gaa ….. naa-thii


ประชุมเวลา 10 นาฬิกา

Bprà-chum wee-laa sìp naa-lí-gaa

“The time for the meeting is 10 o’clock.”

3. Informal Way to Tell Time in Thai 

You’ve already learned the formal way to tell the time. Now, let’s learn the informal way. Thai people use this a lot in daily communication, both for speaking and writing.

The first thing you need to know is the main difference between the formal and informal ways to tell time in Thai. For the formal way, Thai people use the twenty-four-hour clock; for the informal way, Thai people use the twelve-hour clock.

When Thai people tell time informally, they either give you the number specifically or tell you the general period of time. We’ll explain both below, respectively. 

1- Informal Way to Say ….. O’clock in Thai

This is more difficult than the formal way of telling the time. Since the way you tell time is different for each period of the day, you have a bit to remember. For easy understanding, we’ve summarized what you need to remember in the table below.

TimeThai wordThai wordExample
1-5 a.m.1-5 a.m.dtii…..ตีสาม (dtii sǎam) is “3 a.m.” in Thai.
6-11 a.m.….. โมงเช้า….. moong cháo7 โมงเช้า (jèt moong cháo) is “7 a.m.” in Thai.
12 p.m.เที่ยงวันthîiang wan
1-5 p.m.บ่าย ….. โมงbàai ….. moongบ่ายสี่โมง (bàai sìi moong) is “4 p.m.” in Thai.
6 p.m.หกโมงเย็นhòk moong yen
 The informal way of telling time from 7-11 p.m. is special. The way to say this is …ทุ่ม (…thûm). However, instead of saying the number on the clock, Thai people start counting 7 as 1, 8 as 2, and so on. 
7 p.m.1 ทุ่มnùeng thûm
8 p.m.2 ทุ่มsǎawng thûm
9 p.m.3 ทุ่มsǎam thûm
10 p.m.4 ทุ่มsìi thûm
11 p.m.5 ทุ่มhâa thûm
12 a.m.6 ทุ่มthîiang-kuuen

2- Informal Way to Give the Minutes in Thai

The informal way of giving someone the hour is quite hard as there’s a lot to remember. However, that’s probably the most difficult part of this lesson and you’ve already passed it. Another bit of good news is that the minute part is pretty easy. There are only three points you have to remember.

0 minute in Thai 

Thai word: ตรง (dtrong)

How to use: In English, if it’s XX:00 a.m. or XX:00 p.m., such as 3 p.m. sharp, you ignore the minute part.  However, Thai people put the word ตรง (dtrong) after the o’clock time.


ตอนนี้เวลา 9 โมงตรง

dtaawn-níi wee-laa gâo moong dtrong

“It is 9 a.m. now.”

30 minutes in Thai 

Thai word: ครึ่ง (khrûeng)

How to use

There are two ways to use this word in Thai. 

The first is to just put ครึ่ง (khrûeng) after the o’clock time.  

The second is, if you want to say thirty minutes as a period of time, you use ครึ่งชั่วโมง (khrûeng chûua-moong), which means “half an hour” in Thai.

Example 1:  


Jooe gan dtaawn sǎawng thûm khrûeng ná

“I will meet you at 7:30 p.m.”

Example 2:  


Mâae chái wee-laa tham súp khrûeng chûua-moong

“Mom spent thirty minutes cooking soup.”

….. minutes in Thai

Thai word: XX นาที (naa-thii)

How to use: Now that we’ve covered the 0-minute and 30-minute rules, the rest is very easy. It’s the same as the formal way to tell the time. You just put the number followed by นาที (naa-thii).


หนังจะเริ่มตอน 10 โมง 15 นาที

Nǎng jà rôoem dtaawn sìp moong sìp-hâa naa-thii

“The movie will start at 10:15 a.m.”

3- Informal Way to Tell the Time Period in Thai

Now that you can tell the time, let’s learn the name of each time period Thai people use in daily life. Thai people use ตอน (dtaawn) followed by the names of each period, except midnight.

Morning (6-9 a.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเช้า (dtaawn-cháo)



Dtaawn-cháo thǎaeo níi rót thìt mâak

“In the morning, the traffic is very bad around here.”

Nice Weather in the Morning

Morning (9-12 a.m.)  

Thai word: ตอนสาย (dtaawn-sǎai)


พ่อออกกำลังกายตอนสาย ๆ ทุกวัน

Phâaw àawk-gam-lang-gaai dtaawn-sǎai-sǎai thúk wan

“Dad exercises every day in the morning.”

Noon (12 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเที่ยง (dtaawn-thîiang)



Dtaawn-thîiang aa-gàat khâang nâawk ráawn mâak

“The weather outside is very hot at noon.”

Afternoon (1-3 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนบ่าย (dtaawn-bàai)


ตอนบ่ายวันพรุ่งนี้ ฉันมีประชุม

Dtaawn-bàai wan phrûng-níi chǎn mii bprà-chum

“I have a meeting tomorrow afternoon.”

Afternoon (3-6 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนเย็น (dtaawn-yen)



ráan aa-hǎan thǎaeo bâan khiu yaao mâak dtaawn-yen

“The queue of restaurants near my home is very long in the evening.”

Evening (6-9 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนค่ำ (dtaawn-khâm)



Náawng glàp thǔng bâan dtaawn-khâm phráw rót dtìt

“My sister came back home in the evening because of a traffic jam.”

Night (9-12 p.m.) 

Thai word: ตอนดึก (dtaawn-dùek)



thooe dtùuen sǎai phráw muua dtàae lèn geem dtaawn-dùek mûuea-khuuen

“She woke up late because she played a game last night.”

Midnight (12 a.m.) 

Thai word: เที่ยงคืน (thîiang-khuuen)


เที่ยงคืนแล้ว ยังนอนไม่หลับเลย

Thîiang-khuuen láaeo yang naawn mâi làp looei

“I still can’t sleep despite it being midnight.”

It’s Already Midnight

4- Common Informal Time-Related Sentences and Phrases

Now that you know how to informally tell the time in Thai, you should practice some time-related sentences and phrases to use in real life! 

What time is it?

  • ตอนนี่กี่โมงแล้ว
  • Dtaawn-níi gìi moong láaeo

The current time is ….. 

  • ตอนนี้เวลา …..
  • Dtaawn-níi wee-laa …..

What time is the …..? 

  • ….. ตอนกี่โมง
  • ….. dtaawn gìi moong



gin kâao yen dtaawn gìi moong

“What time is dinner?”

The time for XXX is YYY.

  • XXX ตอน YYY
  • XXX dtawwn YYY


กินข้าวเย็นตอน 6 โมงครึ่ง

Gin khâao yen dtaawn hòk moong khrûeng

“The time for dinner is at 6:30 p.m.”

4. Time Adverbs in Thai 

Now that you know how to tell time in Thai, it’s useful to know some time adverbs as well. They will enable you to include more detail and speak more like a native when telling the time in Thai. Here’s a list of time adverbs you should know:

1- Right now 

Thai word: ตอนนี้ (thaawn-níi); เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi)

Example 1:  


Thooe dtâawng tham dtaawn-níi looei

“You have to do it right now.”

Example 2:  


Àawk bpai dǐiao-níi loei

“Get out right now!!”

Additional note:  

ตอนนี้ (thaawn-níi) and เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi) are pretty much the same and can be used interchangeably. However, เดี๋ยวนี้ (dǐiao-níi) conveys a more immediate and urgent feeling.

2- Currently

Thai word: ปัจจุบันนี้ (bpàt-jù-baan níi)


ปัจจุบันนี้ โรงเรียนของเรามีนักเรียน 500 คน

Bpàt-jù-baan níi roong-riian khǎawng rao mii nák riian hâa-ráauy khon

“Currently, our school has 500 students.”

3- Before 

Thai word: ก่อน (gàawn)



Yàa luuem láang muue gàawn gin khâao

“Don’t forget to wash your hands before the meal.”

Additional note:  

When using ก่อน (gàawn), the event that happens first is always in front of ก่อน (gàawn), while the event that happens later is put behind it.

4- After

Thai word: หลัง (lǎang)


หลังกินอาหาร ต้องทานยาทันที

Lǎang gin aa-hǎan dtâawng thaan yaa than-thii

“Take medicine immediately after meals.”

Additional note:  

When using หลัง (lǎang), the event that happens later always follows หลัง (lǎang). But the event that happens first can be both in front of and after หลัง (lǎang).

5- Soon 

Thai word: เร็ว ๆ นี้ (reo-reo-níi)


เจอกันเร็ว ๆ นี้

Jooe gan reo-reo-níi

“See you soon.”

6- Almost 

Thai word: เกือบ (gùueap)



Aa-hǎan gùueap jà sèt láaeo

“The food is almost done.”

7- In a while

Thai word: อีกสักครู่ (ìik sàk-khrûu)



Ngaan jà jòp nai ìik sàk-khrûu

“The event will end in a while.”

8- For a long time

Thai word: เป็นเวลานาน (bpen wee-laa naan)



Khǎo aa-sǎi yùu thîi bâan lǎang níi bpen wee-laa naan láaeo

“He has lived in his house for a long time.”

9- Anytime

Thai word: เมื่อไหร่ก็ได้ (mûuea-rài gâaw dâi); ตอนไหนก็ได้ (dtaawn-nǎi gâaw dâi)

Example 1:  


Thooe jà ma thîi nîi mûuea-rài gâaw dâi

“You can come here anytime.”

Example 2:  

พรุ่งนี้วันอาทิตย์ ฉันจะตื่นนอนตอนไหนก็ได้

Phrûng-níi wan-aa-thít chǎn jà dtùuen naawn dtaawn nǎi gâaw dâi

“Tomorrow is Sunday. I can wake up anytime.”

Additional note:  

เมื่อไหร่ก็ได้ (mûuea-rài gâaw dâi) and ตอนไหนก็ได้ (dtaawn-nǎi gâaw dâi) are exactly the same and can substitute one another.

10- As soon as possible

Thai word: โดยเร็วที่สุด (dooi reo thîi sùt)



Chǎn jà tham hâi sèt dooi reo thîi sùt

“I will finish it as soon as possible.”

5. Time-Related Proverbs and Sayings in Thai

As you learn about Thai time, it’s a great idea to learn some proverbs and sayings about time in Thai. Below are five proverbs and sayings you should know! 

1- ผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง

Thai pronunciation: phàt-wan-bprà-gan-prûng

Literal meaning:  –

English meaning: Keep postponing the time

Explanation: This proverb is used to explain a situation in which something is being postponed many times over. For example, A promises to finish his homework on Saturday at first, but then he tells his mom that he’ll finish it on Sunday instead. When Sunday comes, he tells her that he’ll  finish on Monday. ผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง (phàt-wan-bprà-gan-prûng) can explain A’s behavior well.


ทำให้เสร็จเลย อย่าผัดวันประกันพรุ่ง

Tham hâi sèt looei  yàa phàt-wan-bprà-gan-phrûng

“Finish it now, don’t keep postponing the deadline.”

2- ไก่โห่

Thai pronunciation: gài-hòo

Literal meaning: Cock yells.

English meaning: Very early morning

Explanation: Since the cock often crows in the early morning, Thai people call the early morning time ไก่โห่ (gài-hòo).



Wan-níi mâae bplùk chǎn dtâng dtàae gài-hòo

“Today, mom woke me up in the early morning.”

Rooster Crows Loudly

3- คาบเส้นยาแดง

Thai pronunciation: khâap sên yaa daaeng

Literal meaning:  –

English meaning: Almost not finishing the task in time

Explanation: The Thai proverb คาบเส้นยาแดง (khâap sên yaa daaeng) is used to explain when someone nearly misses their deadline to do something.  



Thooe tham raai-ngaan sèt bàaep khâap sên yaa daaeng phaaw dii loeei

“She almost didn’t finish the report in time.”

4- เวลาเป็นเงินเป็นทอง

Thai pronunciation: wee-laa bpen ngen bpen thaawng

Literal meaning: Time is silver and gold.

English meaning: Time is valuable.

Explanation: This Thai saying is used to say that time is valuable. It’s often used in situations when you’re made to wait for no good reason or your time is being wasted.


ทำเร็ว ๆ หน่อย อย่าให้ต้องรอนาน เวลาเป็นเงินเป็นทอง

Tham reo-reo nàauy yàa hâi dtâawng raaw naan wee-laa bpen ngen bpen thaawng

“Quickly, don’t make me wait. My time is valuable.”

5- เวลาผ่านไปไวเหมือนโกหก

Thai pronunciation: wee-la phàan bpai wai mǔuean goo-hok

Literal meaning: Time passed quickly as if flying.

English meaning: Time flies.

Explanation: This Thai phrase is used to explain that time passes very quickly. Its meaning is exactly the same as “time flies” in English.


อีกไม่กี่วันลูกชายก็จะอายุ 20 ปีแล้ว เวลาผ่านไปไวเหมือนโกหก

Ìik mâi gìi wan lûuk chaai gâaw jà aa-yú yîi-sìp bpii láaeo wee-la phàan bpai wai mǔuean goo-hòk

“My son will be twenty years old in a few days. Time flies.”

6. Conclusion

Basic Questions

What do you think about our Thai time lesson? Did you find it easy or difficult? How does time-telling in Thai compare to telling time in your own language? Please comment below to let us know.

In our opinion, some parts of this lesson are easy while others are a bit more complicated. However, with some practice, you can master it in no time. Try practicing this a lot with your peers or other Thai people you know. If you practice a lot, you’ll find everything you learned here a lot easier to remember. 

And once you’re good with this lesson, don’t forget to check out other interesting and fun lessons at, such as Songkran Festival, Noodle in the Boat, or Wat Phra Kaew. In addition to learning more about the Thai language, you’ll also get to learn about Thai culture and traditions!

Until next time, happy Thai learning!

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Best Guide to Learn Directions in Thai


Where’s the bus stop? How do you get to this place?  

Learning about Thai directions will make your travels in Thailand much easier. Further, knowing how to ask directions in Thai, and how to give them, is essential if you live or work in Thailand.  

This article will help you successfully learn about directions in the Thai language. You’ll get to learn Thai vocabulary related to directions, such as “right” and “left” in Thai.  In addition, you’ll be able to see how giving directions in Thai works through various sentences and phrases throughout this article. By the end of the lesson, you’ll be able to ask and give directions in Thai with ease.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Around Town in Thai Table of Contents
  1. On the Map: Compass Directions in Thai
  2. On the Road
  3. Landmarks
  4. Basic Grammar for Conversations
  5. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Ask Directions in Thai
  6. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Give Directions in Thai
  7. Real Situation Example
  8. Conclusion

1. On the Map: Compass Directions in Thai

The map is an important tool when it comes to asking and giving directions. Still, you should know that Thai people won’t tell you to go north or south when giving directions in Thai. ทิศ (thít), which is “direction” in Thai, is often used to tell the region of province in Thai conversations.  

Let’s look at the map

That said, here are the most basic words related to maps that you should know! 

1- Region 

Thai word: ภาค (phâak)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. 


ประเทศไทยมี 5 ภาค

Bprà-thêet-thai mii hâa phâak

“There are five regions in Thailand.”

2- Central 

Thai word: กลาง (glaang)

Usage: As mentioned above, ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคกลาง (phâak-glaang).



Grung-thêep yùu phâak-glaang khǎawng bprà-thêet-thai

“Bangkok is in the central region of Thailand.”

3- North 

Thai word: เหนือ (nǔuea)

Usage: As mentioned above, ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคเหนือ (phâak-nǔuea).


ตอนหน้าหนาว อากาศที่ภาคเหนือดีมาก

Dtaawn nâa-nǎao aa-gàat thîi phâak-nǔuea dii mâak

“In winter, the weather in the north is very good.”

4- East 

Thai word: ตะวันออก (dtà-wan-àawk)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันออก (phâak-dtà-wan-àawk).



Phâak-dtà-wan-àawk khǎawng thai mii thá-lee sǔuai

“The east part of Thailand has a beautiful sea.”

5- West 

Thai word: ตะวันตก (dtà-wan-dtòk)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันตก (phâak-dtà-wan-dtòk).



Phâak-dtà-wan-dtòk khǎawng thai yùu dtìt phá-mâa

“The west part of Thailand is next to Myanmar.”

6- South 

Thai word: ใต้ (dtâi)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคใต้ (phâak-dtâi).



Nák-thâawng-thîiao châawp bpai thîi phâak-dtâi khǎawng thai

“Travelers like to go to the south of Thailand.”

7- Northeast 

Thai word: ตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ (dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea)

Usage: ภาค (phâak) is often followed by the direction. So Thai people use the word ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ (dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea).



Phâak-dtà-wan-àawk-chǐiang-nǔuea khǎawng thai aa-gàat ráawn gùueap dtà-làawt bpii

“The weather of the northeast part of Thailand is hot almost all year.”

Additional Information: The northeast part of Thailand has another name, which is ภาคอีสาน (phâak-ii-sǎan).

8- Upper part

Thai word: ตอนบน (dtaawn-bon)

Usage: ตอนบน (dtaawn-bon) is often used to further indicate the part or region that the province or place is at. The word is put after the region.



Phâak-glaang dtaawn-bon jà mii fǒn dtòk phrûng-níi

“It will rain in the upper part of the central region tomorrow.”

9- Lower part 

Thai word: ตอนล่าง (dtaawn-lâang)

Usage: ตอนล่าง (dtaawn-lâang) is often used to further indicate the part or region that the province or place is at. The word is put after the region.



Aa-gàat khǎawng phâak-nǔuea dtaawn-lâang rôoem ráawn láaeo

“The weather of the lower part of the north is getting hot now.”

2. On the Road


This part of the lesson will teach you vocabulary used when asking and giving directions in Thai, such as “left” and “right.”  You should try your best to remember these words.

1- Left 

Thai word: ซ้าย (sáai)

Usage: Sometimes, Thai people use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand” in Thai with the word ซ้าย (sáai): ซ้ายมือ (sáai muue).  



Sáai muue dâan-nâa mii ráan sà-dùuak súue yùu

“There is a convenience store ahead on your left.”

2- Right 

Thai word: ขวา (kwǎa)

Usage: Sometimes, Thai people use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand” in Thai with the word ขวา (khwǎa): ขวามือ (khwǎa muue).


พอเลี้ยวซ้ายแล้ว จะเจอโรงแรมอยู่ด้านขวามือ

Phaaw líiao sáai láaeo jà jooe roong-raaem yùu dâan khwǎa muue

“Once you turn left, you will find the hotel on your right.”

3- Front 

Thai word: หน้า (nâa)

Usage: Thai people often put ข้าง (khâang) or ด้าน (dâan) in front of หน้า (nâa) when talking about direction, though the meaning stays the same. 



Dâan nâa roong-raaem mii dtûu bprai-sà-nii yùu

“There is a post box in front of the hotel.”

4- Back / Behind

Thai word: หลัง (lǎng)

Usage: Thai people often put ข้าง (khâang) or ด้าน (dâan) in front of หลัง (lǎng) when talking about direction, though the meaning stays the same.  



Sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná yùu khâang lǎng ráan aa-hǎan

“The park is behind the restaurant.”

5- Near 

Thai word: ใกล้ (glâi)

Usage: A + อยู่ใกล้ (yùu glâi) is how you use ใกล้ (glâi) in the Thai language. It means “A is near.”



roong-riian yùu glâi

“The school is near.”

6- Far 

Thai word: ไกล (glai)

Usage: A + อยู่ไกล (yùu glai) is how you use ไกล (glai) in the Thai language. It means “A is far.”



hâang yùu glai

“The department store is far.”

7- Next to / Beside 

Thai word: ถัดจาก (thàt jàak); ข้าง (khâang)

Usage 1: A + อยู่ถัดจาก (yùu thàt jàak) + B is how you use ถัดจาก (thàt jàak) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to B.”

Usage 2A + อยู่ข้าง  (yùu khâang) + B is how you use ข้าง (khâang) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to or beside B.”

Example 1:  


Thá-naa-khaan yùu thàt jàak ráan bee-gooe-rîi

“The bank is next to the baker shop.”

Example 2:  


Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu khâang ráan aa-hǎan

“My house is next to the restaurant.”

8- Opposite to / Across from

Thai word: ตรงข้าม (dtrong-khâam); ฝั่งตรงข้าม (fàng dtrong-khâam)

Usage: A + อยู่ตรงข้าม (yùu dtrong-khâam) or อยู่ฝั่งตรงข้าม (yùu fàng  dtrong-khâam) + B is how you use ตรงข้าม (dtrong-khâam) and ฝั่งตรงข้าม (fàng dtrong-khâam) in the Thai language. It means “A is next to or beside B.” 

Example 1:  


Hâawng-sà-mùt yùu dtrong-khâam líp

“The library is opposite the elevator.”

Example 2:  


Chǎn raaw thooe yùu fàng dtrong-khâam bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan

“I’m across from the information center, waiting for you.”

9- Away from 

Thai word: ห่างจาก (hàang jàak)

Usage: ห่างจาก (hàang jàak) + A is how you use ห่างจาก (hàang jaak) in the Thai language. It means “away from A.”



Yùu hâi hàang jàak bprà-dtuu rót-mee ná

“Stay away from the bus’s door.”

10- By the intersection

Thai word: ตรงทางแยก (dtrong thaang-yâaek)

Usage: A+ อยู่ตรงทางแยก (yùu dtrong thaang-yâaek) is how you use ตรงทางแยก (dtrong thaang-yâaek) in the Thai language. It means “A is by the intersection.”



Sà-thǎa-nii dtam-rùuat yùu dtrong thaang-yâaek

“The police station is by the intersection.”

11- Corner

Thai word: หัวมุม (hǔua-mum)

Usage: A+ อยู่ตรงหัวมุม (yùu dtrong hǔua-mum) is how you use หัวมุม (hǔua-mum) in the Thai language.  It means “A is around the corner.”



Phâaw súue khǎawng yùu dtrong hǔua-mum thà-nǒn

“Dad is around the corner of the road, shopping.”

3. Landmarks

To learn Thai directions, it’s also important to learn and remember some landmark vocabulary.  Below are the most important ones that will be very useful for you when giving or asking directions in Thai.

1- In the city 

Thai word: ในเมือง (nai muueang)

Usage: A+ อยู่ในเมือง (yùu nai muueang) is how you use ในเมือง (nai muueang) in the Thai language. It means “A is in the city.”



Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu nai muueang

“My house is in the city.”

2- Airport

Thai word: สนามบิน (sà-nǎam-bin)


พรุ่งนี้ฉันต้องไปสนามบินก่อน 8 โมง

Phrûng-níi chǎn dtâawng bpai sà-nǎam-bim gàawn bpàaet moong

“Tomorrow, I have to be at the airport by eight in the morning.”

At the airport

3- Train station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟ (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai)



Hǔua-lam-phoong khuue chûue khǎawng sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai nai grung-thêep

“Hualampoong is the name of the train station in Bangkok.”

4- Subway station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟใต้ดิน (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai dtâi din)



Sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai dtâi din yùu dtrong nǎi

“Where is the subway station?”

Additional Information: Thai people often call subways and subway stations “MRT,” which stands for Metropolitan Rapid Transit.

go by subway

5- Sky train station 

Thai word: สถานีรถไฟฟ้า (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai-fáa)



Chǎn gam-lang jà bpai sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai-fáa

“I’m about to go to a sky train station.”

Additional Information: Thai people often call sky trains and sky train stations “BTS,” which is the abbreviation of the name of the company that runs the sky train in Thailand.

6- Center of the city 

Thai word: ใจกลางเมือง (jai glaang muueang)

Usage: A+ อยู่ใจกลางเมือง (yùu jai glaang muueng) is how you use ใจกลางเมือง (jai glaang muueang) in the Thai language. It means “A is in the center of the city.”



Khaawn-doo thîi yùu jai glaang muueang raa-khaa phaaeng mâak

“The condo at the center of the city is very expensive.”

7- Hotel 

Thai word: โรงแรม (roong-raaem)



Thooe phák yùu roong-raaem à-rai

“Which hotel are you staying at?”

8- Hospital 

Thai word: โรงพยาบาล (roong-phá-yaa-baan)



thǎao níi mii roong-phá-ya-baan mái

“Is there a hospital around here?”

Additional Information: Sometimes, in informal conversations, Thai people shorten the word โรงพยาบาล (roong-phá-yaa-baan) to โรงบาล (roong-baan).  

9- Park 

Thai word: สวนสาธารณะ (sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná)



thîi sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná aa-gàat dii

“The weather at the park is good.”

10- Bank 

Thai word: ธนาคาร (thá-naa-khaan)



Thá-naa-khaan bpìt wan-aa-thít

“The bank closes on Sunday.”

11- Restaurant 

Thai word: ร้านอาหาร (ráan aa-hǎan)



Thǎao níi mii ráan aa-hǎan lǎai ráan

“There are many restaurants around here.”

12- Department store 

Thai word: ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa)


ห้างสรรพสินค้าเปิดตอน 10 โมง

Hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa bpòoet dtaawn sìp moong

“The department store opens at ten in the morning.”

Additional Information: ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa) is too long for Thai people, so they rarely use this word in daily conversation. They shorten it to ห้าง (hâang) instead. ห้างสรรพสินค้า (hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa) is normally used in formal situations only.

13- Intersection 

Thai word: ทางแยก (thaang-yâaek)



Phaaw thǔeng thaang-yâaek láaeo hâi líiao sáai

“Turn left at the intersection.”

14- Cross road

Thai word: ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai)

Usage: ข้ามถนน (khâam thà-nǒn) is often used with ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai), and it means “cross the road” in Thai.



Thúk-khon khuuan khâam thà-nǒn thîi thaang máa-laai 

“Everybody should cross the road at the crossroad.”

Cross the road at the crossroad only!!

Additional Information: Actually, the word ม้าลาย (máa-laai) in ทางม้าลาย (thaang máa-laai) refers to “zebra” in Thai. Thai people think crossroads look like the stripes of a zebra, so they use it as part of the name.

15- Alley 

Thai word: ซอย (saauy)



Grung-thêep mii saauy yóe mâak

“There are a lot of alleys in Bangkok.”

Additional Information: Apart from “alley,” ซอย (saauy) can also mean “slice quickly” in Thai.

16- Restroom 

Thai word: ห้องน้ำ (hâawng-nám)



Hâawng-nám sà-àat mái

“Is the restroom clean?”

Additional Information: Apart from “restroom,” ห้องน้ำ (hâawng-nám) also means “bathroom.”

17- Elevator 

Thai word: ลิฟต์ (líp)



Líp nai dtùek níi cháa mâak

“The elevator in this building is so slow.”

18- Parking lot 

Thai word: ที่จอดรถ (thîi jàawt rót); ลานจอดรถ (laan jàawt rót)

Usage: Despite having the same meaning, there is a small difference between these two words. ลานจอดรถ (laan jàawt rót) is only used to refer to a wide area where you can park many cars. On the other hand, ที่จอดรถ (thîi jàawt rót) can be used to refer to both a wide area for parking and a small area where you can park only one car.



thîi jàawt rót dtem rúe yang

“Is the parking lot full?”

19- Information center

Thai word: ประชาสัมพันธ์ (bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan)


ประชาสัมพันธ์ของห้างนี้อยู่ชั้น G

Bprà-chaa-sǎm-phan khǎawng hâang níi yùu chán jii

“The information center of this department store is on the ground floor.”

20- Fire exit 

Thai word: ทางหนีไฟ (thaang nǐi fai)



Thaang nǐi fai yùu khâang hâawng-nám

“The fire exit is next to the restroom.”

4. Basic Grammar for Conversations

Basic questions

Before we teach you how to give directions in Thai or ask for them with phrases and sentences, it will be easier to learn and remember if you know some basic Thai grammar used in conversations.

To make a sentence sound formal in Thai, Thai people put the words ครับ (khráp) and ค่ะ (khâ) at the end of a sentence. ครับ (khráp) is used when the speaker is male, while ค่ะ (khâ) is used when the speaker is female. Another point you should know is that for females, at the end of a question, Thai people use คะ (khâ).

5. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Ask Directions in Thai 

Asking directions

At this point of the lesson, you’ll learn useful phrases and sentences you can use to ask directions in Thai.

1- Excuse me 

Thai word: ขอโทษ (khǎaw-thôot)

Usage: The way Thai people use this word is exactly the same as in English. Thai people say this word to get attention from another party before asking a question.


ขอโทษค่ะ  ที่นี่คือวัดพระแก้วใช่มั๊ยคะ

Khǎaw-thôot khâ thîi nîi khuue wát-prá-gâaeo châi mái khá

“Excuse me, is this place the Temple of the Emerald Buddha?”

Additional Information: In addition to “excuse me,” ขอโทษ (khǎaw-thôot) can also mean “sorry.” 

Excuse me, where is …..?

2- Where is ….. ? 

Thai word: ….. อยู่ที่ไหน (….. yùu thîi nǎi), ….. อยู่ตรงไหน (….. yùu dtrong nǎi)

Usage: The meaning of ….. อยู่ที่ไหน (….. yùu thîi nǎi) and ….. อยู่ตรงไหน (….. yùu dtrong nǎi) are pretty much the same. You can substitute one for another. 

Example 1

ขอโทษครับ  ห้องน้ำอยู่ที่ไหนครับ

Khǎaw-thôot khráp hâawng-nám yùu thîi nǎi khráp

“Excuse me, where is the bathroom?”

Example 2


Ráan gaa-faae yùu dtrong nǎi khá

“Where is the coffee shop?”

3- How do I get to ….. ? 

Thai word: ไป…..ยังไง (bpai ….. yang-ngai)

Usage: Actually, the full sentence is ฉันจะไป…ได้ยังไง (chǎn jà  bpai ….. dâi yang-ngai). But Thai people think it’s too long to say, so they shorten it to ไป…..ยังไง (bpai ….. yang-ngai).  



Bpai jà-dtù-jàk yang-ngai khá

“How do I get to Jathujak?”

4- Is ….. far from here? 

Thai word: …..อยู่ไกลมั๊ย (….. yùu glai mái)

Usage: Actually, the full sentence is …..อยู่ไกลจากที่นี่มั๊ย (….. yùu glai jàak thîi nîi mái). But Thai people think it’s too long to say, so they shorten it to …..อยู่ไกลมั๊ย (….. yùu glai mái). 



Yao-wá-râat yùu glai mái khá

“Is Yaowaraat far from here?”

5- Thank you

Thai word: ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun)

Usage: In case you want to show that you’re really thankful, you can put มาก (mâak) after ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), which means “very” or “a lot” in Thai. 



Khàawp-khun mâak khráp

“Thank you very much.”

6. Must-know Phrases and Sentences to Give Directions in Thai 

Lastly, you’ll learn useful phrases and sentences you can use to give directions in Thai.

1- Go straight ahead

Thai word: ตรงไป (dtrong bpai); ตรงไปข้างหน้า (dtrong bpai khâang nâa)

Usage: Comparing both phrases, there’s not much difference between them. If you say ตรงไปข้างหน้า (dtrong bpai khâang nâa), it’s like giving a direction in more detail. 

Another thing you should know is that Thai people often put verbs that show movement in front of this phrase. Those verbs are เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” วิ่ง (wîng), which means “run,” and ขับ (khàp), which means “drive.”

Example 1:  

ถ้าเดินตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ จะเจอร้านอาหารฝั่งขวามือ

Thâa dooen dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai jà jooe ráan aa-hǎan fàng khwǎa muue

“If you walk straight ahead, you’ll find the restaurant on your right.”

Example 2:  


Khàp dtrong bpai khâang nâa láaeo liiáo khâo saauy râaek fàng sáai muue

“Go straight ahead and then turn into the first alley on your left.”

2- Go back 

Thai word: กลับไปทางเดิม (glàp bpai thaang dooem)

Usage: กลับไปทางเดิม (glàp bpai thaang dooem) literally means “go back to the same way.” If a Thai person said only กลับไป (glàp bpai), which means “go back,” its meaning would be too vague. 


ลูกค้าเดินเลยมาแล้วค่ะ  กลับไปทางเดิมประมาณ 500 เมตรนะคะ

Lûuk-kháa dooen looei maa láaeo khâ glàp bpai thaang dooem bprà-maan  hâa-ráauy méet ná khâ

“The customer already walked past that. Go back around 500 meters.”

3- Make a U-turn 

Thai word: กลับรถ (glàp rót)



Glàp rót dtrong sìi yâaek looei khráp

“Make a U-turn at the intersection.”

4- Turn left / Go left 

Thai word: เลี้ยวซ้าย (líiao sáai); ไปทางซ้าย (bpai thaang sáai)

Usage: เลี้ยวซ้าย (líiao sáai) is “turn left” in Thai, while ไปทางซ้าย (bpai thaang sáai) is “go left.” Despite having different meanings in English, both words refer to the same action in Thai. They can be used interchangeably.

Example 1:  


Phaaw jooe thaang yâaek láaeo hâi bpai thaang sáai

“Go left once you are at the intersection.”

Example 2:  

เลี้ยวซ้ายแล้วเดินมาอีก 500 เมตรก็ถึง

Líiao sáai láaeo dooen maa ìik hâa-ráauy méet gâaw thǔeng

“Turn left and walk for another 500 meters, you will arrive.”

Go left

5- Turn right / Go right 

Thai word: เลี้ยวขวา (líiao khwǎa); ไปทางขวา (bpai thaang khwǎa)

Usage: เลี้ยวขวา (líiao khwǎa) is “turn right” in Thai, while ไปทางขวา (bpai thaang khwǎa) is “go right.”  Despite having different meanings in English, both words refer to the same action in Thai. They can be used interchangeably.

Example 1:  


Dtâawng líiao khwǎa thîi thaang yâaek rúe bplào

“Do I have to turn right at the intersection?”

Example 2

ถ้าจะไปโรงพยาบาล พอออกจากซอยแล้วให้ไปทางขวา

Thâa jà bpai roong-phá-yaa-baan phaaw àawk jàak saauy láaeo hâi bpai thaang khwǎa

“If you want to go to the hospital, you have to go right when you go out of the alley.”

6- Go upstairs 

Thai word: ขึ้นไปข้างบน (khûen bpai khâang bon)

Usage: Thai people sometimes put เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” in front of ขึ้นไปข้างบน (khûen bpai khâang bon).


พอขึ้นไปข้างบนแล้ว ประตูบานแรกที่เจอคือห้องนอนครับ

Phaaw khûen bpai khâang bon láaeo bprà-dtuu baan râaek thîi jooe khuue hâawng-naawn khráp

“Once you go upstairs, the first door you see is the bedroom.”

7- Go downstairs 

Thai word: ลงไปข้างล่าง (long bpai khâang lâang)

Usage: Thai people sometimes put เดิน (dooen), which means “walk,” in front of ลงไปข้างล่าง (long bpai khâang lâang).


ถ้าจะไปห้องประชุม ต้องเดินลงไปข้างล่างแล้วเลี้ยวซ้าย

thâa jà bpai hâawng bprà-chum dtâawng dooen long bpai khâang lâang láaeo líiao sáai

“If you want to go to the meeting room, you have to go downstairs and then turn left.”

8- Keep going 

Thai word: ตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ (dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai)

Usage: Thai people put verbs that show movement in front of this phrase. Those verbs are เดิน (dooen) which means “walk,” วิ่ง (wîng) which means “run,” and ขับ (khàp) which means “drive.”


พอเลยโรงเรียนมาแล้ว ตรงไปเรื่อย ๆ อีกประมาณ 1 กิโลเมตรก็จะเจอโรงแรม

Phaaw looei roong-riian maa láaew khàp dtrong bpai rûueai-rûueai ìik bprà-maan nùeng gì-loo-méet gâaw jà jooe roong-raaem

“Once you pass the school, keep going for around one kilometer and you will find the hotel.”

9- Hurry up 

Thai word: เร็วหน่อย (reo nàauy); เร็ว ๆ หน่อย (reo-reo nàauy)

Usage: Both เร็วหน่อย (reo nàauy) and เร็ว ๆ หน่อย (reo-reo nàauy) have the same meaning. The word เร็ว (reo) is “fast” in Thai. So when speaking, Thai people sometimes say the word เร็ว (reo) twice to emphasize that the other person needs to go faster.


เร็วหน่อย ไม่งั้นจะไปสาย

Reo nàauy mâi ngán jà bpai sǎai

“Hurry up or else I/we will be late.”

10- Slow down 

Thai word: ช้าหน่อย (cháa nàauy); ช้า ๆ หน่อย (cháa-cháa nàauy)

Usage: Both ช้าหน่อย (cháa nàauy) and ช้า ๆ หน่อย (cháa-cháa nàauy) have the same meaning. The word ช้า (cháa) is “slow” in Thai. So when speaking, Thai people sometimes say the word ช้า (cháa) twice to emphasize that the other person should go slower.


เธอขับรถเร็วไปแล้ว ช้า ๆ หน่อย

Thooe khàp rót reo bpai láaeo cháa-cháa nàauy

“You are driving too fast, slow down.”

Slow down, the light has already turned red

11- On the left 

Thai word: อยู่ฝั่งซ้าย (yùu fàng sáai); อยู่ด้านซ้าย (yùu dâan sáai)

Usage: There’s no difference between อยู่ฝั่งซ้าย (yùu fàng sáai) and อยู่ด้านซ้าย (yùu dâan sáai). Also, as mentioned earlier, Thai people sometimes use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand,” with the word ซ้าย (sáai): ซ้ายมือ (sáai muue). This applies here as well. 

Example 1:  


Sǔuan sǎa-thaa-rá-ná yùu dâan sáai khǎawng khaawn-doo

“The park is on the left of the condo.”

Example 2:  

ถ้าเธอเดินตรงไป จะเจอซอยอยู่ฝั่งซ้ายมือ

Thâa thooe dooen dtrong bpai jà jooe saauy yùu fàng sáai muue

“If you walk straight, you will find an alley on your left.”

12- On the right 

Thai word: อยู่ฝั่งขวา (yùu fàng khwǎa); อยู่ด้านขวา (yùu dâan khwǎa)

Usage: There’s no difference between อยู่ฝั่งขวา (yùu fàng khwǎa) and อยู่ด้านขวา (yùu dâan khwǎa). And as mentioned earlier, Thai people sometimes use the word มือ (muue), which means “hand,” with the word ขวา (khwǎa): ขวามือ (khwǎa muue). This applies here as well.

Example 1:  

พอเลี้ยวซ้ายแล้ว บ้านเธออยู่ฝั่งขวาใช่มั๊ย

Phaaw líiao sáai láaeo bâan thooe yùu fàng khwǎa châi mái

“Once I turn left, is your house on the right?”

Example 2:  


Ráan dàawk-mái yùu dâan khwǎa khǎawng thá-naa-khaan châi mái

“Is the flower shop on the right of the bank?”

7. Real Situation Example

To help you better understand how to ask for and give directions in Thailand, and so you can practice, we’ll put everything we’ve gone over in this lesson together with real-life examples.

1- How do I get to Paragon?


ขอโทษค่ะ  ไปพารากอนยังไงคะ

khǎaw-thôot-khà bpai-paa-raa-gâawn-yang-ngai-khá

“Excuse me, how do I get to Paragon?”


ไปทางรถไฟฟ้าได้ครับ เดินตรงไปข้างหน้า เลี้ยวซ้าย แล้วเดินไปเรื่อย ๆ จะเจอสถานีรถไฟฟ้าครับ

bpai-thaang-rót-fai-fáa-dâi-kráp dooen-dtrong-bpai-khâang-nhâa líiao-sáai láaew-dooen-bpai- rûueai-rûueai jà-joee-sà-thǎan-nii-rót-fai-fáa-khráp

“You can go by sky train. You go straight ahead, turn left, and then keep going until you find the sky train station.”




“Is the sky train station far from here?”


ไม่ไกลมากครับ  เดินประมาณ 5 นาทีครับ

mâi-glai-mâak-kráp dooen-bprà-maan-hâa-naa-thii-khráp

“It’s not very far, around a five-minute walk.”




“And which sky train station should I get off at?”




“Siam Station.”




“Thank you.”

2- Where should I go on holiday?


ใกล้จะถึงวันหยุดยาวแล้ว  ไปเที่ยวที่ไหนดีครับ

glâi-jà-thǔng-wan-yhùt-yaao-láaew bpai-thîiao-thîi-nhǎi-dii-khráp

“It’s almost long holiday. Where should I go for traveling?”




“Do you like the sea or mountains?”




“I like the sea.”


ไปเที่ยวที่หัวหินดีมั๊ยคะ  อยู่ภาคตะวันตกของไทย  ใกล้จากกรุงเทพ  ทะเลสวย  อาหารอร่อย  

bpai-thîiao-hǔa-hǐn-dii-mái-khá yhùu-phâak-thà-wan-dtòk-khǎawng-thai glâi-grung-thêep thá-lee-sǔuay aa-hǎan-à-rhòi

“How about Huahin? It is in the west part of Thailand, near Bangkok. The sea is beautiful. The food is great.”


ถ้าอย่างนั้นวันหยุดนี้  ผมจะไปหัวหินครับ

thâa-yàang-nán-wan-yhùt-níi phǒm-jà-bpai-hǔa-hǐn-khráp

“Then, I will go to Huahin for this coming holiday.”


ฉันรู้จักโรงแรมที่หัวหินที่สวยมากอยู่ที่นึง  จะหาเบอร์โทรให้นะคะ

chǎn-rúu-jàk-roong-raaem-thîi-hǔa-hǐn-thîi-sǔuay-mâak-yhùu-thîi-nueng jà-hǎa-booe-thoo-hâi-ná- khá

“I know a very beautiful hotel at Huahin. I will give you the phone number.”




“Thank you.”

8. Conclusion

Now that you’ve reached the conclusion, we believe you should have no problem asking and giving directions in Tha. Did you find this topic hard? Is the way that Thai people ask and give directions different from how it’s done in your language? Please comment below to let us know.

Please note that you may be confused with some phrases and sentences, but that’s normal. You’ll need some time to practice. To become more fluent, be sure to practice using these directions phrases whenever you can; practice makes perfect.

Once you’re good at this, go check out other fun and useful Thai lessons at, such as how to take a Thai taxi, information about Wat Pho, and going on a trip via plane.

Happy Thai learning!

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Learn the Top 100 Thai Nouns in 2019

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The noun is a basic component of sentences in any language, including Thai. In order to communicate in Thai, you need to know enough vocabulary to form the sentence, and this includes nouns. Thus, as a Thai learner, it’s important for you to learn Thai nouns for better communication.

While learning about nouns in Thai is essential in mastering the language itself, it can also introduce you to certain cultural aspects and traditions. For example, in learning the basic Thai nouns related to food and utensils, you can guess how people eat.

Further, in our guide about Thai language nouns, you’ll also get to learn about คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), or English words that are used in the Thai language.

In this lesson, provides you with a basic Thai noun list for words that are often used in daily life, categorized into groups for easy memorization. You’ll get to learn about nouns in Thai vocabulary, learn nouns in Thai grammar, see examples of nouns in Thai sentences, and more. Still, this lesson won’t cover the topic of noun classifiers yet, as this will be too complicated to explain here.

But before we get to all of that, let’s learn basic Thai nouns first. คำนาม (kham-naam) is “noun” in Thai. Below is the beginning of our list of the most common Thai nouns.

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Table of Contents
  1. Thai Nouns about Family Members
  2. Thai Nouns about Body Parts
  3. Thai Nouns about Occupations
  4. Thai Nouns about School Essentials
  5. Thai Nouns about Appliances
  6. Thai Nouns about Technology
  7. Thai Nouns about Transportation
  8. Thai Nouns about Restaurants
  9. Thai Nouns about Time
  10. Conclusion

1. Thai Nouns about Family Members

The first group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those about family members.

Lovely Family

1- Father

Thai noun: พ่อ (phâaw)

Phâaw châawp gin khài
My father likes eggs.

2- Mother

Thai noun: แม่ (mâae)

Mâae tham aa-hǎan à-ràauy mâak
My mother is very good at cooking.

3- Older sibling

Thai noun: พี่ (phîi)

ฉันมีพี่ 2 คน
Chǎn mii phîi sǎawng khon
I have two older siblings.

Additional note: พี่ (phîi) can be used for both male and female siblings.

4- Younger sibling

Thai noun: น้อง (náawng)

ฉันมีน้อง 1 คน
Chǎn mii náawng nùeng khon
I have one younger sibling.

Additional note: Like พี่ (phîi), น้อง (náawng) can be used for both male and female siblings.

5- Family

Thai noun: ครอบครัว (khrâawp-khruua)

ครอบครัวของเรามี 6 คน
Khrâawp-khruua khǎawng rao mii hòk khon
There are six members in our family.

**For those who want to learn even more Thai nouns for family, please check out our article about family members!

2. Thai Nouns about Body Parts

Nouns 1

The second group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those related to body parts.

1- Head

Thai noun: หัว (hǔua); ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà)

Example 1:
Mûuea-waan chǎn bpùuat hǔua
I had a headache yesterday.

Example 2:
เพดานเตี้ย โปรดระวังศีรษะ
Phee-daan-dtîia Bpròot rá-wang sǐi-sà
The ceiling is low; mind your head.

Additional note: In the Thai language, the meanings of หัว (hǔua) and ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà) are exactly the same. However, ศีรษะ (sǐi-sà) is more formal than หัว (hǔua).

2- Face

Thai noun: หน้า (nâa)

พ่อทำหน้าตลก ๆ เก่งมาก
Phâaw tham nâa dtà-lòk-dtà-lòk gèng mâak
My father is good at making funny faces.

3- Eye

Thai noun: ตา (dtaa)

Dtaa khǎawng thooe sǔuai mâak
Her eyes are very beautiful.

Additional note: ตา (dtaa) can also refer to the father of one’s mother, or “grandfather.”

4- Ear

Thai noun: หู (hǔu)

Mii à-rai lóe hǔu thooe yùu ná
There is something dirty near your ear.

5- Nose

Thai noun: จมูก (jà-mùuk)

Jà-mùuk khǎawng chǎn gàp mâae mǔuean gan mâak
My nose looks exactly like my mother’s.

6- Mouth

Thai noun: ปาก (bpàak)

ฉันเผลอกัดปากตัวเองตอนเคี้ยวขนม เจ็บมาก
Chǎn phlǒoe gàt bpàak dtuua-eeng dtaawn khíiao khà-nǒm jèp mâak
I accidentally bit my mouth while chewing a snack. It hurts a lot.

7- Tongue

Thai noun: ลิ้น (lín)

กินของร้อนมาก ระวังลิ้นพอง
Gin khǎawng ráawn mâak rá-wang lín phaawng
Be careful when eating hot food; it can burn your tongue.

8- Arm

Thai noun: แขน (khǎaen)

เธอออกกำลังกายทุกวัน ทำให้แขนสวยมาก
Thooe àawk-gam-lang-gaai thúk wan tham hâi khǎaen sǔuai mâak
She exercises everyday, making her arm’s shape very beautiful.

9- Leg

Thai noun: ขา (khǎa)

เมื่อวานไปซื้อของกับเพื่อนมา เมื่อยขามาก
Mûuea waan bpai súue khǎawng gàp phûuean maa mûueai khǎa mâak
I went shopping with friends yesterday, making my legs ache.

10- Hand

Thai noun: มือ (muue)

Rá-wang mîit bàat muue
Be careful not to cut your hand with the knife.

12- Shoulder

Thai noun: หัวไหล่ (hǔua-lài); ไหล่ (lài)

Example 1:
ถ้าสะพายกระเป๋าหนักมาก ๆ อาจทำให้หัวไหล่เจ็บได้
Thâa sà-phaai grà-bpǎo nàk mâak-mâak àat tham hâi hǔua-lài jèp dâi
If you carry a bag that’s too heavy, it may make your shoulder hurt.

Example 2:
Tham-mai khon-gàae mák bpùuat lài
Why do elders often have shoulder aches?

Additional note: ไหล่ (lài) is shortened word of หัวไหล่ (hǔua-lài). Thai people often use ไหล่ (lài) more in oral conversation.

3. Thai Nouns about Occupations

The third group of basic Thai nouns you should learn are those you can use to talk about your occupation or job.

What Is Your Occupation?

1- Government officer

Thai noun: ข้าราชการ (khâa-râat-chá-gaan)

Lung khǎawng chǎn bpen khâa-râat-chá-gaan
My uncle is a government officer.

2- Businessman / Businesswoman

Thai noun: นักธุรกิจ (nák-thú-rá-gìt)

Phâaw bpen nák-thú-rá-gìt thîi gèng
My father is a smart businessman.

Additional note: In Thai, นักธุรกิจ (nák-thú-rá-gìt) can be used when referring to both males and females.

3- Doctor

Thai noun: หมอ (mǎaw)

Thâa yàak bpen mǎaw dtâawng dtâng-jai riian ná
If you want to be a doctor, you have to pay attention in class.

4- Nurse

hai noun: พยาบาล (phá-yaa-baan)

Phá-yaa-baan khon nán jàw lûueat gèng
That nurse is good at drawing blood.

5- Lawyer

Thai noun: ทนาย (thá-naai)

Thá-naai khon nán dtuua sǔung mâak
That lawyer is so tall.

6- Engineer

Thai noun: วิศวกร (wít-sà-wá-gaawn)

Náawng-chai chǎn yàak bpen wít-sà-wá-gaawn
My younger brother wants to be an engineer.

7- Accountant

Thai noun: นักบัญชี (nák-ban-chii)

Mâae bpen nák-ban-chii
My mother is an accountant.

8- Hairdresser

Thai noun: ช่างตัดผม (châang-dtàt-phǒm)

Châang-dtàt-phǒm khǎawng chǎn chûue jaauy
My hairdresser’s name is Joy.

9- Makeup artist

Thai noun: ช่างแต่งหน้า (châang-dtàaeng-nâa)

Grà-bpǎo khǎawng châang-dtàaeng-nâa bai yài mâak
A makeup artist’s bag is very big.

10- Actor / Actress

Thai noun: นักแสดง (nák-sà-daaeng)

Nák-sà-daaeng khon-bpròot khǎawng chǎn khuue à-nan-daa
My favorite artist is Ananda.

Additional note: In Thai, นักแสดง (nák-sà-daaeng) can be used when referring to both males and females.

11- Driver

Thai noun: คนขับรถ (khon-khàp-rót)

Khon ruuai mák jâang khon-khàp-rót
Rich people often hire a driver.

12- Policeman / Policewoman

Thai noun: ตำรวจ (dtam-rùuat)

Khrûueang-bàap khǎawng dtam-rùuat sǐi nám-dtaan
Police uniforms are brown.

Additional note: In Thai, ตำรวจ (dtam-rùuat) can be used when referring to both males and females.

4. Thai Nouns about School Essentials

Nouns 2

The fourth group of the most common Thai nouns you should learn are the ones about school.

1- School

Thai noun: โรงเรียน (roong-riian)

Roong-riian khǎawng chǎn yài mâak
My school is very big.

2- University

Thai noun: มหาวิทยาลัย (má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai)

Má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai khǎawng chǎn yùu thîi thâa-phrá-jan
My university is at ท่าพระจันทร์ (thâa-prá-jan).

3- Teacher

Thai noun: ครู (khruu)

Khruu sôm jai-dii mâak
The Teacher Som is very kind.

4- Student

Thai noun: นักเรียน (nák-riian)

Nák-riian hâam khâo hâawng-riian sǎai
Students mustn’t be late to class.

5- Classroom

Thai noun: ห้องเรียน (hâawng-riian)

ห้องเรียนฉันมีนักเรียน 30 คน
Hâawng-riian chǎn mii nák-riian sǎam-sìp khon
There are thirty students in my classroom.

6- Report

Thai noun: รายงาน (raai-ngaan)

Raai-ngaan wí-chaa níi yâak thîi sùt
The report for this subject is the most difficult one.

7- Homework

Thai noun: การบ้าน (gaan-bâan)

Mâi mii nák-riian khon nǎi châawp gaan-bâan
No student likes homework.

8- Group work

Thai noun: งานกลุ่ม (ngaan-glùm)

Ngaan-glùm wí-chaa phaa-sǎa ang-grìt yâak mái
Is English’s group work difficult?

9- Individual work

Thai noun: งานเดี่ยว (ngan dìiao)

Chǎn tham ngaan dìiao wí-chaa phaa-saa thai sèt láaeo
I already finished my individual work for the Thai subject.

10- Test

Thai noun: สอบ (sàawp)

Phrûng-níi mii sàawp phaa-sǎa yîi-bpùn
There is a Japanese test tomorrow.

11- Bachelor’s degree

Thai noun: ปริญญาตรี (bpà-rin-yaa dtrii)

Mâae dii-jai mâak dtaawn chǎn dâi bpà-rin-yaa dtrii
My mother was very happy when I got my bachelor’s degree.

12- Master’s degree

Thai noun: ปริญญาโท (bpà-rin-yaa thoo)

Chǎn yàak dâi bpà-rin-yaa thoo
I want to get a master’s degree.

13- PhD

Thai noun: ปริญญาเอก (bpà-rin-yaa èek)

คนที่เรียนจบปริญญาเอกต้องฉลาดมากแน่ ๆ
Khon thîi riian jòp brà-rin-yaa èek dtâawng chà-làat mâak nâae-nâae
People who have a PhD must be very smart.

5. Thai Nouns about Appliances

The fifth group of common Thai nouns are those about appliances that Thai people often use.

1- Television

Thai noun: โทรทัศน์ (thoo-rá-thát); ทีวี (thii-wii)

Example 1:
Thoo-rá-thát dǐiao-níi raa-khaa mâi phaaeng mâak mǔuean mûuea gàawn
Televisions nowadays aren’t as expensive as they were in the past.

Example 2:
Náawng châawp duu thii-wii mâak
My younger sibling loves watching TV.

Additional note: ทีวี (thii-wii) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language. โทรทัศน์ (thoo-rá-thát) is more formal than ทีวี (thii-wii). However, Thai people normally use ทีวี (thii-wii) when speaking.

Watching TV together

2- Radio

Thai noun: ทยุ (wít-thá-yú)

Dǐiao-níi khon mâi khâauy fang wít-thá-yú gan láaeo
Nowadays, people rarely listen to the radio.

3- Speaker

Thai noun: ลำโพง (lam-phoong)

Chǎn dâi lam-phoong bpen khǎawng-khwǎn wan-gòoet
I got a speaker as a birthday gift.

4- Air conditioner

Thai noun: เครื่องปรับอากาศ (khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat); แอร์ (aae)

Example 1:
ถ้าเปิดเครื่องปรับอากาศทุกวัน ค่าไฟจะแพงมาก
Thâa bpòoet khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat thúk-wan khâa fai jà phaaeng mâak
If you turn on the air conditioner every day, the electricity bill will be very expensive.

Example 2:
Thâa aa-gàat ráawn gâaw bpòoet aae dai
You can turn on the air conditioner if it’s very hot.

Additional note:แอร์ (aae) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language. However, for this word, Thai people shorten it. เครื่องปรับอากาศ (khrûueang bpràp aa-gàat) is more formal than แอร์ (aae). Still, Thai people normally use แอร์ (aae) when speaking.

5- Fan

Thai noun: พัดลม (phát-lom)

Bpòoet phát-lom hâi nàauy
Turn on the fan, please.

6- Fridge

Thai noun: ตู้เย็น (dtûu-yen)

Dtûu-yen thîi bâan sǐia
The fridge at home is broken.

7- Toaster

Thai noun: เครื่องปิ้งขนมปัง (khrûueang bpîng khà-nǒm-bpang)

Chǎn yàak dâi khrûueang bpîng khà-nǒm-bpang
I want a toaster.

8- Microwave

Thai noun: ไมโครเวฟ (mai-khroo-wéep)

Mai-khroo-wéep raa-khaa phaaeng mái
Is a microwave expensive?

9- Water heater

Thai noun: เครื่องทำน้ำอุ่น (khrûueng tham nám ùn)

Phâaw phôoeng súue khrûueng tham nám ùn maa
My father just bought a water heater.

10- Hair dryer

Thai noun: ไดร์เป่าผม (dai bpào phǒm)

Dai bpào phǒm an nán sǐi sǔuai jang
That hair dryer has a nice color.

6. Thai Nouns about Technology

Nouns 3

The sixth group of common Thai nouns are those related to technology.

1- Computer

Thai noun: คอมพิวเตอร์ (khaawm-phiu-dtôoe)

Khaawm-phiu-dtôoe khrûueang mài yùu khâang bon
The new computer is upstairs.

Additional note: คอมพิวเตอร์ (khaawm-phiu-dtôoe) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

2- Laptop

Thai noun: โน๊ตบุ๊ค (nóot-búk)

Nóot-búk khǎawng thooe nàk mâak
Her laptop is so heavy.

3- Cell phone

Thai noun: โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue); มือถือ (muue-thǔue)

Example 1:
Thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue rûn mǎi bao mâak
The new version of the mobile phone is so light.

Example 2:
Phâaw tham muue-thǔue hǎai ìik láaeo
Dad lost his mobile phone again.

Additional note: มือถือ (muue-thǔue) is a shortened word of โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue). Thus, people often use มือถือ (muue-thǔue) when speaking. โทรศัพท์มือถือ (thoo-rá-sàp muue-thǔue) is more formal.

4- Headphone

Thai noun: หูฟัง (hǔu-fang)

Hǔu-fang yùu dtrong nǎi
Where is the headphone?

5- Tablet

Thai noun: แท็บเล็ต (tháep-lèt)

Mâae châawp duu yuu-thúup phàan tháep-lèt
Mom likes to watch YouTube via tablet.

Additional note: แท็บเล็ต (tháep-lèt) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

6- Charger

Thai noun: สายชาร์ต (sǎai-cháat)

Mâae wang sǎai-cháat wái khâang thii-wii
Mom put the charger near the TV.

7- Internet

Thai noun: อินเตอร์เน็ต (in-dtooe-nèt)

Gaan hǎa khâaw-muun phàan in-dtooe-nèt tham hâi chii-wít ngâai khûen
Finding information using the internet makes life easier.

Additional note: อินเตอร์เน็ต (in-dtooe-nèt) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

8- Wifi

Thai noun: ไวไฟ (wai-fai)

Thîi roong-raaem mii wai-fai hâi dûuai
There is wifi available at the hotel.

Additional note: ไวไฟ (wai-fai) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

9- Signal

Thai noun: สัญญาณ (sǎn-yaan)

Bon phuu-khǎo baang-thii gâaw mâi mii sǎn-yaan thoo-rá-sàp
Sometimes, there is no phone signal at the mountain.

10- Application

Thai noun: แอพพลิเคชั่น (aáep-phlì-khee-chân); แอพ (áaep)

Example 1:
Bplòot áp-dèet áaep-phlì-khee-chân hâi bpen wooe-chân lâa-sùt
Please update the application to the latest version.

Example 2:
Thooe lòot áaep mài yang
Have you downloaded the application yet?

Additional note: แอพ (áaep) is a shortened word of แอพพลิเคชั่น (áaep-phlì-khee-chân). Thus, people often use แอพ (áaep) when speaking. แอพพลิเคชั่น (áaep-phlì-khee-chân) is more formal.

11- Website

Thai noun: เว็บไซต์ (wép-sái)

Thooe châawp khâo wép-sái à-rai
Which website do you like to visit?

Additional note: เว็บไซต์ (wép-sái) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

12- Picture

Thai noun: รูปภาพ (rûup-phâap)

Muue-thǔue chǎn mii rûup-phâap maaew yóe mâak
There are a lot of cat pictures on my mobile phone.

13- File

Thai noun: ไฟล์ (fai)

Sòng fai maa hâi nhàauy
Send the file to me.

Additional note: ไฟล์ (fai) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

14- Email

Thai noun: อีเมล (ii-meeo). Despite ending with ล, this word sounds like ว more than ล, so I use meeo instead of meen.

Ii-meeo khǎawng thooe khuue à-rai
What is your email?

Additional note: อีเมล (ii-meeo) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

My Email

15- Password

Thai noun: พาสเวิร์ด (pháat-wòoet)

Yàa bàawk pháat-wòoet hâi khon ùuen rúu
Don’t tell your password to others.

Additional note: พาสเวิร์ด (pháat-wòoet) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

7. Thai Nouns about Transportation

Next up on our Thai nouns list are the essential words you need to know regarding transportation.

1- Plane

Thai noun: เครื่องบิน (khrûueang-bin)

Mâae jà bpai chiiang-mài dooi khrûueang-bin
Mom will go to Chiiangmai by plane.

2- Helicopter

Thai noun: เฮลิคอปเตอร์ (hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe)

Hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe sǐiang dang mâak
Helicopters have a loud noise.

Additional note: เฮลิคอปเตอร์ (hee-lí-kháwp-dtôoe) is คำทับศัพท์ (kham-tháp-sàp), which is an English word used in the Thai language.

3- Car

Thai noun: รถยนต์ (rót-yon)

Rót-yon khan nán sòk-gà-bpròk mâak
That car is very dirty.

4- Train

Thai noun: รถไฟ (rót-fai)

Thâa nâng rót-fai jà chái wee-laa naan
It takes a long time if you go by train.

5- Bus

Thai noun: รถเมล์ (rót-mee)

Wan-sùk rót-mee khon nâaen mâak
It is very crowded on the bus on Friday.

6- Truck

Thai noun: รถบรรทุก (rót-ban-thúk)

Yàa khàp rót glâi rót-ban-thúk
Don’t drive near the truck.

7- Sky train

Thai noun: รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa)

Khâa rót-fai-fáa bpai khaawn-doo thooe gìi bàat
How much is the sky train fare to your condo?

Additional note: Apart from รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa), Thai people often call the sky train บีทีเอส (BTS), which is the name of the company that runs the sky train in Thailand.

8- Subway

Thai noun: รถไฟฟ้าใต้ดิน (rót-fai-fáa dtâi din)

ฉันชอบนั่งรถไฟฟ้าใต้ดิน เร็วดี
Chǎn châawp nâng rót-fai-fáa dtâi din reo dii
I like to travel via subway; it is fast.

Additional note: Similar to รถไฟฟ้า (rót-fai-fáa), Thai people often call the subway เอ็มอาร์ที (MRT), which is the name of the company that runs the subway in Thailand.

9- Motorbike

Thai noun: มอเตอร์ไซต์ (maaw-dtooe-sai)

Thâa jà nâng maaw-dtooe-sai dtâawng sài mùuak-gan-náawk
If you travel by motorbike, you have to wear a helmet.

10- Bicycle

Thai noun: จักรยาน (jàk-grà-yaan)

เด็ก ๆ ชอบขี่จักรยาน
Dèk-dèk châawp khìi jàk-grà-yaan
Children like to ride bicycles.

11- Tricycle

Thai noun: รถสามล้อ (rót-sǎam-láaw)

Nák-thâawng-thîiao yàak nâng rót-sǎam-láaw
The traveller wants to ride a tricycle.

Additional note: Apart from รถสามล้อ (rót-sǎam-láaw), another name Thai people use is ตุ๊กตุ๊ก (dtúk-dtúk), which is the sound of a tricycle.

12- Boat

Thai noun: เรือ (ruuea)

ที่ตลาดน้ำ แม่ค้าขายของบนเรือ
Thîi dtà-làat-nám mâae-kháa khǎai khǎawng bon ruuea
At the floating market, the seller is on the boat.

13- Airport

Thai noun: สนามบิน (sà-nǎam-bin)

Thooe thǔeng sà-nǎam-bin rúe-yang
Have you arrived at the airport yet?

14- Train station

Thai noun: สถานีรถไฟ (sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai)

Phâaw gam-lang bpai sà-thǎa-nii rót-fai
Dad is going to the train station now.

15- Bus stop

Thai noun: ป้ายรถเมล์ (bpâai rót-mee)

Bpâai rót-mee yùu dtrong nǎi
Where is the bus stop?

16- Pier

Thai noun: ท่าเรือ (thâa-ruuea)

Thâa-ruuea yùu dtrong núun
The pier is over there.

17- Gas

Thai noun: น้ำมัน (nám-man)

Phrûng-níi nám-man jà khûen raa-khaa
Gas prices will be increased tomorrow.

Additional note: In Thai, น้ำมัน (nám-man) can also mean “cooking oil.”

18- Road

Thai noun: ถนน (thà-nǒn)

Khaawn-doo yùu glâi thà-nǒn sù-khǔm-wít
The condo is near Sukhumvit road.

19- Traffic light

Thai noun: ไฟจราจร (fai jà-raa-jaawn)

Dtaawn-níi fai jà-raa-jaawn sǐi à-rai
What is the color of the traffic light now?

8. Thai Nouns about Restaurants

Do you love Thai food? Great! It’s time to learn Thai nouns you’ll need at the Thai restaurant!

1- Restaurant

Thai noun: ร้านอาหาร (ráan aa-hǎan)

Khun châawp ráan aa-hǎan ráan nǎi
Which restaurant do you like?

My Favourite Restaurant

2- Street food

Thai noun: อาหารริมทาง (aa-hǎan rim-thaang)

Lǎai khon châawp gin aa-hǎan rim-thaang nai thai
Many people like street food in Thailand.

3- Table

Thai noun: โต๊ะ (dtó)

Dtó níi wâang rúe bplào
Is this table available?

4- Customer

Thai noun: ลูกค้า (lûuk-kháa)

ลูกค้าจะมาแล้ว เตรียมพร้อมรึยัง
Lûuk-kháa jà maa láaeo dtriiam phráawm rúe yang
A customer is coming. Are you ready?

5- Waiter / Waitress

Thai noun: พนักงานเสริฟ (phá-nák-ngaan sòoep)

Khǎo tham-ngaan bpen phá-nák-ngaan sòoep
He is working as a waiter.

Additional note: In Thai, พนักงานเสริฟ (phá-nák-ngaan sòoep) can be used when referring to both males and females.

6- Male cook

Thai noun: พ่อครัว (phâaw-khruua)

Phâaw-khruua gam-lang tham aa-hǎan
The cook is now cooking.

7- Female cook

Thai noun: แม่ครัว (mâae-khruua)

Mâae-khruua tham aa-hǎan a-ràauy dii
The cook is good at cooking.

8- Plate

Thai noun: จาน (jaan)

ขอจาน 2 ใบ
Khǎaw jaan sǎawng bai
I want two plates.

9- Bowl

Thai noun: ชาม (chaam)

Yàa tham chaam dtàaek ná
Don’t break the bowl.

10- Spoon

Thai noun: ช้อน (cháawn)

Cháawn yùu nǎi
Where is the spoon?

11- Fork

Thai noun: ส้อม (sâawm)

Sâawm yùu bon chán
The fork is on the shelf.

12- Chopsticks

Thai noun: ตะเกียบ (dtà-gìiap)

Baang khon chái dtà-gìiap mâi bpen
Some people can’t use chopsticks.

13- Glass

Thai noun: แก้ว (gâaeo)

Súue gâaeo hâi nàauy
Please buy a glass for me.

14- Cup

Thai noun: ถ้วย (thûuai)

ระวังนะ ถ้วยร้อนมาก
Rá-wang ná thûuai ráawn mâak
Be careful. The cup is very hot.

15- Straw

Thai noun: หลอด (làawt)

Ngót chái làawt gan thòe
Let’s not use a straw.

16- Food

Thai noun: อาหาร (aa-hǎan)

Aa-hǎan à-ràauy mâak
The food is very delicious.

17- Drink

Thai noun: เครื่องดื่ม (khrûueang-dùuem)

อยากได้เครื่องดื่มอุ่น ๆ
Yàak dâi khrûueang-dùuem ùn-ùn
I want a warm drink.

9. Thai Nouns about Time

Nouns 4

Being able to ask for, give, and talk about the time is extremely important. Here are the Thai nouns you’ll need to do so!

1- Today

Thai noun: วันนี้ (wan-níi)

Wan-níi aa-gàat dii
The weather is good today.

2- Tomorrow

Thai noun: พรุ่งนี้ (phrûng-níi)

Phrûng-níi chǎn jà bpai thá-lee
I will go to the sea tomorrow.

3- Day after tomorrow

Thai noun: มะรืน (má-ruuen)

Má-ruuen níi bpen wan-gòoet khǎawng phâaw
The day after tomorrow is my father’s birthday.

4- Yesterday

Thai noun: เมื่อวาน (mûuea-waan)

Mûuea-waan níi fon dtòk nàk
It rained heavily yesterday.

5- Monday

Thai noun: วันจันทร์ (wan-jan)

Chǎn mâi châawp wan-jan
I don’t like Monday.

6- Tuesday

Thai noun: วันอังคาร (wan-ang-khaan)

วันอังคารหน้า อย่าลืมเอาการบ้านมานะ
Wan-ang-khaan nâa yàa luuem ao gaan-bâan maa ná
Don’t forget to bring the homework next Tuesday.

7- Wednesday

Thai noun: วันพุธ (wan-phút)

Ráan dtàt phǒm bpìt wan-phút
The barber shop closes on Wednesday.

8- Thursday

Thai noun: วันพฤหัสบดี (wan-phá-rúe-hàt-sà-baaw-dii)

Wan-phá-rú-hàt-sà-baaw-dii bpen wan khruu
Thursday is Teacher’s Day.

9- Friday

Thai noun: วันศุกร์ (wan-sùk)

Wan-sùk mák rót dtìt
Traffic jams often happen on Friday.

10- Saturday

Thai noun: วันเสาร์ (wan-sǎo)

Wan-sǎo dtâawng maa tham-ngaan mái
Do I have to work on Saturday?

11- Sunday

Thai noun: วันอาทิตย์ (wan-aa-thít)

Wan-aa-thít dtùuen sǎai dâi
I can wake up late on Sunday.

12- Day

Thai noun: วัน (wan)

Thooe jà bpai yîi-bpùn gìi wan
How many days will you be in Japan?

13- Date

Thai noun: วันที่ (wan-thîi)

Dtaawng jaai ngooen wan-thii thâo-rài
Which day do I have to make a payment?

14- Week

Thai noun: อาทิตย์ (aa-thít); สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa)

Example 1:
Chǎn jà laa yùt aa-thít nueng
I will take one week off.

Example 2:
สัปดาห์นี้ เธอจะทำเสร็จมั๊ย
Sàp-daa níi thooe ja tham sèt mái
Will you finish it this week?

Additional note: In Thai, อาทิตย์ (aa-thít) and สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa) have the same meaning. However, สัปดาห์ (sàp-daa) is more formal, while อาทิตย์ (aa-thít) is used more in casual conversations.

15- Month

Thai noun: เดือน (duuean)

Duuean nâa khuue duuean-má-gà-raa-khom
Next month is January.

16- Year

Thai noun: ปี (bpii)

Bpii níi sèet-thà-gìt mâi dii looei
This year, the economy is not good.

17- Time

Thai noun: เวลา (wee-laa)

Dtaawn-níi wee-laa gìi moong láaeo
What time is it?

18- Minute

Thai noun: นาที (naa-thii)

อุ่น 3 นาทีก็พอ
Ùn sǎam naa-thii gâaw phaaw
Warming it for three minutes is enough.

19- Hour

Thai noun: ชั่วโมง (chùua-moong)

Nǎng yaao gìi chûua-moong
How long is the movie?

10. Conclusion

There are a lot of Thai nouns you have to remember. Can you remember the new vocabulary from this list of Thai nouns? Don’t worry if you can’t remember them all in one go. It will take time. Just keep practicing!

Also, if you have questions related to Thai verbs, adjectives, or nouns, you can check out other related Thai grammar lessons on For example, you may find our Top 100 Thai Adjectives (please put the link to Top 100 adjectives, thank you) quite helpful.

Do the nouns in your language differ from Thai nouns? Let us know by leaving a comment below.

Once you learn all the basic Thai nouns, don’t forget to check out other lessons at There are tons of interesting Thai lessons, such as cracking the Thai writing system or learning about Thai society, traditions, and culture!

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The Best Guide for Learning Thai Compliments


Everyone loves compliments. A compliment can make someone feel good, boost self-confidence, and improve the quality of relationships. So as a Thai learner, you should know a few basic Thai compliments to brighten someone’s day. In this lesson, you’ll learn about compliments in the Thai language and how to use them.

We’ll begin by covering the vocabulary aspect of common Thai compliments for beginners, and then we’ll show you how to apply them in various situations.

Let’s get started.

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Table of Contents

  1. Basic Information About Compliments in Thai
  2. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Look
  3. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Work
  4. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Skill
  5. Conclusion

1. Basic Information About Compliments in Thai

Positive Feelings

Before you learn how to compliment a Thai girl or how to compliment men in Thai, you should know the Thai etiquette for giving and receiving compliments.

First, some basic vocabulary. คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei) or คำชม (kham-chom) are the noun form of “compliment” in Thai, while ชม (chom) is the verb form of “compliment” or “praise.” There’s no difference in meaning between คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei) and คำชม (kham-chom), and คำชม (kham-chom) is just a shortened word for คำชมเชย (kham-chom-chooei).

1 – Give Sincere Compliments in Thai

How do Thai people give compliments? Like in most cultures, a compliment in Thai needs to be sincere. Here are a few tips for how to add sincerity to your compliment:

  • Use a sincere tone of voice. Thai people often speak sarcastically. So in conversation, it’s important to pay attention to both the message and the speaker’s tone of voice. To give sincere compliments in Thai, make sure that your tone of voice shows sincerity.
  • Smile. As you know, Thailand is the Land of Smiles. Smiling can add sincerity and depth to your words, and send positive feelings to the person you’re complimenting.

2 – What Thai People Do When Receiving Compliments

What can you expect after offering someone a compliment? How should you respond to compliments while in Thailand? Here are a few tips:

  • Say “Thank you.” To show that you’re thankful for the compliment, you say ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), which means “thank you” in Thai.
  • Wai. If the person who gave you the compliment is older than you, you should ไหว้ (wâi). This action is used to show that you’re thankful to the other party.
  • Give credit where it’s due. Some people aren’t used to receiving compliments or feel shy. If you fall into this category, in addition to saying “thank you,” you can also give credit to another party. For example, if someone compliments you for organizing a good event, you can thank them and give credit to your good team.

Wai and Say Thank You

3 – Adverbs You Should Know

Now, let’s learn a little bit about grammar. When you give compliments in Thai, you can add the following adverbs to emphasize your compliments.

  • มาก (mâak) is “very” in Thai. You can add มาก (mâak) after a compliment in both formal and informal conversations.
  • เวอร์ (wôoe) is also “very” in Thai. However, you can only add เวอร์ (wôoe) after a compliment in informal conversations.

At this point, you should have basic knowledge about Thai compliments. In the following sections, you’ll learn some of the most common Thai compliments, important vocabulary, and more.

2. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Look

These may be the top Thai compliments that many people want to learn, especially those who want to know how to compliment a Thai girl. For easy understanding, we’ll teach you how to give compliments on someone’s look in formal situations first, and then informal situations. But the first thing you have to learn is the sentence structure:

subject / body part / look + adj = subject / body part / look is adj.

1 – Formal

To compliment someone’s look formally, here’s a list of adjectives and phrases you can use, with example sentences:

1. Look good

Thai compliment: ดูดี (duu-dii)

“This outfit makes you look really good.”

2. Beautiful

Thai compliment: สวย (sǔuai)

“That model has beautiful legs.”

3. Handsome

Thai compliment: หล่อ (làaw)

ตอนหนุ่ม ๆ คุณพ่อของฉันหล่อมาก
“When he was young, my father was very handsome.”

4. Cute

Thai compliment: น่ารัก (nâa-rák)

“Your son is cute and has good manners.”

5. Smart

Thai compliment: ภูมิฐาน (phuum-thǎan)

“Wearing this suit makes you look smart.”

Wearing This Suit Makes You Look Smart

6. Sweet smile

Thai compliment: ยิ้มหวาน (yím-wǎan)

ทุกคนชอบยิ้มหวาน ๆ ของแก้ว
“Everyone likes Kaew’s sweet smile.”

7. Good personality

Thai compliment: บุคลิกดี (bùk-khà-lík-dii)

เขาไม่ได้หล่อ แต่บุคลิกดี
khǎo-mâi-dâi-làaw dtàae-bùk-khà-lík-dii
“He isn’t handsome but has a good personality.”

2 – Informal

When you want to compliment someone in Thai in an informal situation, here are adjectives and phrases you can use, with example sentences.

1. Look good

Thai compliment: งานดี (ngaan-dii)

Literal meaning: “good work”

ดูหุ่นนักแสดงคนนั้นสิ งานดีมาก
duu-hùn-nák-sà-daaeng-khon-nán-sì ngaan-dii-mâak
“Look at that actor’s body, it looks really good.”

2. Sexy / Hot

Thai compliment: แซบ (sâaep)

Literal meaning: “delicious” (Northeast dialect)

“Tarn looks really sexy, wearing that red dress.”

Woman Wearing a Red Dress

3. Classy

Thai compliment: ดูแพง (duu-phaaeng)

Literal meaning: “look expensive”

แป้งบุคลิกและหน้าตาดี ใส่อะไรก็ดูแพงไปหมด
bpaaeng-bùk-khà-lík-láae-nâa-dtaa-dii sài-à-rai-gâaw-duu-phaaeng-bpai-mòt
“Pang has a good personality and pretty face. She looks classy regardless of her dress.”

4. Light skin tone

Thai compliment: ขาววิ้ง (khǎao-wíng)

Literal meaning: “sparkling white”

แนทผิวขาววิ้งมาก ใส่เสื้อผ้าสีสดใสแล้วดูดี
náaet-phǐu-khǎao-wíng-mâk sài-sûuea-phâa-sǐi-sòt-sǎi-láaeo-duu-dii
“Nat has a really light skin tone. She looks really good when wearing colorful clothes.”

Additional note: Thai people think that a light skin tone is beautiful.

5. Look stunning

Thai compliment: มีออร่า (mii-aaw-râa)

Literal meaning: “has aura”

เมื่อคืนพินมีออร่ามาก เป็นเจ้าสาวที่สวยเวอร์
mûuea-khuuen-phin-mii-aaw-râa-mâak bpen-jâo-sǎao-thîi-sǔuai-wôoe
“Phin looked really stunning last night. She was a very beautiful bride.”

3. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Work

Compliments in the workplace are really important as they boost positive energy in the office and create a good working atmosphere. Thus, if you work with Thai people, you should know a few compliment words and phrases in Thai for the workplace.

1 – Good job

Thai compliment: ทำงานดี (tham-ngaan-dii)

ลูกค้าชอบพรีเซนท์ของคุณ ทำงานดีมาก
lûk-kháa-châawp-phrii-sént-khǎawng-khun tham-ngaan-dii-mâak
“Customers like your presentation. Good job!”

Customers Like Your Presentation. Good Job!

2 – Neat

Thai compliment: เรียบร้อยดี (rîiap-ráauy-dii)

งบกระแสเงินสดเดือนนี้เรียบร้อยดี ดีมาก
ngóp-grà-sǎae-ngen-sòt-duuan-níi-rîiap-ráauy-dii dii-mâak
“The cash flow report for this month is really neat. Well done.”

Additional note: This may sound a bit weird, but Thai people really do comment when the work is done in an organized manner and looks presentable.

3 – Good idea

Thai compliment: ไอเดียดี (ai-diia-dii)

ฉันชอบคอนเซปการตลาดอันนี้ ไอเดียดีมาก
chǎn-châawp-khaawn-sèp-gaan-dtà-làat-an-níi ai-diia-dii-mâak
“I like this marketing concept, very good idea.”

4 – Responsible

Thai compliment: มีความรับผิดชอบ (mii-khwaam-ráp-phìt-châawp)

คุณทำงานดีและมีความรับผิดชอบ ผมจะเลื่อนตำแหน่งให้
khun-tham-ngaan-dii-láae-mii-khwaam-ráp-phìt-châawp phǒm-jà-lûuean-dtam-nàaeng-hâi
“You work well and are responsible. I will promote you.”

5 – Solve problem well

Thai compliment: แก้ปัญหาได้ดี (gâae-bpan-hǎa-dâi-dii)

“You solved the problem very well yesterday.”

6 – Awesome

Thai compliment: ยอดเยี่ยม (yâawt-yîiam)

“Your design is awesome.”

4. Thai Compliments on Someone’s Skill


In addition to compliments for looks and work, another type of compliment you should know are those about someone’s skill. Below are some compliments you can use in various situations.

1 – Good at traveling

Thai compliment: เดินทางเก่ง (dooen-thaang-gèeng)

น้ำเดินทางเก่งมาก ให้ไปไหนก็ไปได้
nám-dooen-thaang-gèeng-mâak hâi-bpai-nǎi-gâaw-bpai-dâi
“Nam is very good at traveling. She can go anywhere.”

Additional note: This compliment is used to praise someone who can travel to various places without many problems. Some people can’t do this because they tire quickly, get lost easily, etc.

2 – Cook delicious food

Thai compliment: ทำอาหารอร่อย (tham-aa-hǎan-à-ràauy)

แม่ทำอาหารจีนอร่อยมาก ๆ
“Mom cooks Chinese food very deliciously.”

3 – Taking photos beautifully

Thai compliment: ถ่ายรูปสวย (thàai-rûup-sǔuai)

“Kanok takes photos beautifully.”

4 – Good at sports

Thai compliment: เล่นกีฬาเก่ง (lên-gii-laa-gèeng)

“Tua is very good at table tennis.”

Additional note: You can substitute กีฬา (gii-laa), which means “sport” in Thai, with the name of the sport.

5 – Sings well

Thai compliment: ร้องเพลงเพราะ (ráawng-pleeng-práo)

“Sai sings well like a singer.”

Sai Sings Well Like a Singer

6 – Good at speaking

Thai compliment: พูดเก่ง (phûut-gèeng)

ถึงจะอายุยังน้อย แต่มินท์เป็นเด็กที่พูดเก่งมาก
thǔng-jà-aa-yú-yang-náauy dtàae-mín-bpen-dèk-thîi-phûut-gèeng-mâak
“Despite her young age, Mint is good at speaking.”

7 – Draws pictures beautifully

Thai compliment: วาดรูปสวย (wâat-rûup-sǔuai)

แนนวาดรูปสวยมาก เหมือนจิตรกรเลย
“Nan draws pictures beautifully like an artist.”

8 – Dances well

Thai compliment: เต้นเก่ง (dtên-gèeng)

นอกจากจะร้องเพลงเก่งแล้ว เบิร์ดยังเต้นเก่งด้วย
nâawk-jàak-jà-ráawng-phleeng-gèeng-láaeo bóoet-yang-dtên-gèeng-dûuai
“Apart from singing well, Bird also dances well.”

9 – Good at (subject)

Thai compliment: เก่ง… (gèeng-…)

Explanation: Put the name of the subject after เก่ง (gèeng).

Jin-daa gèeng lêek láe phaa-săa ang-grìt mâak
“Jinda is very good at Math and English.”

10 – Good at doing makeup

Thai compliment: แต่งหน้าเก่ง (dtàaeng-nâa-gèeng)

“My sister is good at doing makeup.”

11 – Good at teaching

Thai compliment: สอนหนังสือดี (sǎawn-nǎng-sǔue-dii)

นักเรียนทุกคนชอบครูฝัน เพราะ ครูใจดีและสอนหนังสือดี
nák-riian-thúk-khon-châawp-khruu-fǎn phráw-khruu-sǎawn-nǎng-sǔue-dii
“Every student likes Teacher Fhun because she is kind and good at teaching.”

Every Student Likes Teacher Fhun Because She is Kind and Good at Teaching

12 – Good at ___

Thai compliment: … เก่ง (…-gèeng)

Explanation: Put a verb before เก่ง (gèeng) to show that someone is good at that action.

Example 1:
“Yim is good at designing clothes.”

Example 2:
อนันต์พรีเซ็นต์งานเก่งมาก ลูกค้าประทับใจ
à-nan-phrii-sént-ngaan-gèeng-mâak lûuk-kháa-bprà-tháp-jai
“Anan is very good at presentations. Customers like it.”

5. Conclusion

At this point, you should be able to give basic compliments in Thai. As mentioned before, learning how to give compliments is very important and can be very useful. So keep practicing.

Also, we would like to know whether you found this lesson hard or easy. Is giving compliments in Thai different from how it’s done in your native language? Leave us a comment below to let us know!

And don’t forget to check out our other fun lessons at We recommend our lessons on Loy Krathong Day and Thai Sweets if you want to learn more about Thai culture.

Happy learning!

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Best 2020 Guide to Learn Thai Angry Phrases


Imagine that you’re pissed. The anger fills up your body. You’re annoyed, and you just feel like hitting something. Naturally, you want to let your anger out, and one way to do so is through words. In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to express that you’re angry in Thai.

Learning the most common angry Thai phrases is not only a great way to learn new sentence patterns and see Thai grammar at work, but it will also help you understand more about Thai people’s behavior when angry. Throughout this lesson, you’ll see that the way Thai people convey their anger through words is different from how people in other cultures do so.

In this lesson, we’ll first teach you basic Thai words for anger that you should know, and how Thai people express their anger. You’ll get to learn how to use the word “angry” in Thai sentences and study more anger-related vocabulary. In addition, we’ll provide the English translations of each phrase so you can know exactly what you’re saying!

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Table of Contents

  1. Words for “Angry” in Thai
  2. Angry Imperatives
  3. Angry Warnings
  4. Angry Blames
  5. Describing How You Feel in Thai
  6. Angry Exclamations in Thai
  7. How to Calm Yourself Down
  8. Conclusion

1. Words for “Angry” in Thai

Angry Man with Hands Above Head

Let’s start by learning how to say “anger” in Thai. Thai people often convey their emotions, especially anger, through their tone of voice. The sentences and phrases in the following sections are commonly used by native Thai speakers when angry, but keep in mind that they also use them when they’re not angry. It’s the tone, not the words, that really implies anger.

Another point you should know is that, naturally, when people are angry, they sometimes let emotions cloud their judgment and end up saying some rude words. If you’re in Thailand, don’t be surprised if you hear some of these rude Thai words from time to time.

Please note that just like people in some other countries, Thai people have a negative attitude toward people who swear or speak rudely. So you have to be careful in this regard. Still, as a language-learner, you need to understand not only the polite Thai words but also the not-so-polite ones. Thai people don’t always speak nicely and it would be weird if you only understood the nicer words.

1- Rude Thai Words

When Thai people become angry, they sometimes use different pronouns to refer to themselves or other parties:

  • กู (guu) is a rude version of the pronoun “I” in Thai. It can be used by both male and female speakers.
  • มึง (mueng) is a rude version of the pronoun “you” in Thai. It can be used for both males and females.

If you’ve been learning Thai for some time, you may recognize ค่ะ (khâ) and ครับ (khráap), which Thai people put at the end of sentences to make them sound polite. However, when Thai people become angry, they put วะ () at the end of sentences instead. This word makes sentences sound impolite and can convey angry emotions in Thai.

Now that you know how Thai people express their anger, let’s see some anger-related Thai vocabulary. Below are some basic words and phrases you can use to express your anger.

2- Vocabulary

2. Angry Imperatives


Now that you’ve learned some Thai words for “angry,” let’s learn a few angry Thai phrases that you can use during a heated conversation.

1- Shut up.

Thai: เงียบ (ngîiap); หุบปาก (hùp-bpàak)

Example 1:
ช่วยเงียบ ๆ หน่อยได้มั้ย ประสาทจะกินแล้ว
chûuay-ngîiap-ngîiap-nhòi-dâi-mái bprà-sàat-jà-gin-láaeo
“Would you shut up? I’m going crazy (because of your voice).”

Example 2:
หุบปาก อย่าพูดมาก น่ารำคาญ
hùp-bpàak yhàa-phûut-mâak nâa-ram-khaan
“Shut up! Don’t talk, because it is annoying.”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, เงียบ (ngîiap) is more polite than หุบปาก (hùp-bpàak). Actually, the word เงียบ (ngîiap) itself doesn’t convey anger. So if you hear this word, you can judge whether the speaker is angry or not by the tone.

Man Making the Sealed Lips Sign

2- Stop.

Thai: หยุด (yhùt)

จะทำอะไรหนะ หยุดตรงนั้นเลยนะ
jà-tham-à-rai-nà yhùt-dtrong-nán-looei-ná
“What are you doing? Stop right there!”

Additional note: Similar to เงียบ (ngîiap), the word หยุด (yhùt) itself doesn’t convey anger. So if you hear this word, you can judge whether the speaker is angry or not by the tone.

3- Cut it out.

Thai: หยุดเดี๋ยวนี้ (yhùt-dǐiao-níi)

หยุดเดี๋ยวนี้เลยนะ เธอกล้ารื้อของส่วนตัวฉันได้ยังไง
yhùt-dǐiao-níi-looei-ná thooe-glâa-rúue-khǎawng-sùuan-dtuua-chǎn-dâi-yang-ngai
“Cut it out now. How dare you go through my personal things?”

4- Leave me alone.

Thai: อย่ามายุ่ง (yhàa-maa-yûng)

อย่ามายุ่ง เธอสร้างปัญหามากพอแล้ว
yhàa-maa-yûng thooe-sâang-bpan-hǎa-mâak-phaaw-láaeo
“Leave me alone, you already caused me a lot of trouble.”

Additional note: ปล่อยฉันไว้คนเดียว (bplàauy-chǎn-wái-khon-diiao) literally means “leave me alone” in Thai. However, its literal meaning conveys sadness rather than anger, so using อย่ามายุ่ง (yhàa-maa-yûng) is better.

5- Get lost.

Thai: ไปให้พ้น (bpai-hâi-phón); ไสหัวไปไกล ๆ (sǎi-hǔua-bpai-glai-glai)

Example 1:
ไปให้พ้น ฉันไม่อยากเห็นหน้าเธออีก
bpai-hâi-phón chǎn-mâi-yàak-hěn-nhâa-thooe-ìik
“Get lost! I don’t want to see your face again.”

Example 2:
วัน ๆ สร้างแต่เรื่อง ไสหัวไปให้ไกล ๆ เลยนะ
wan-wan-sâang-dtàae-rûueang sǎi-hǔua-bpai-hâi-glai-glai-looei-ná
“You cause nothing but trouble, just get lost!”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, ไปให้พ้น (bpai-hâi-phón) is more polite than ไสหัวไปไกล ๆ (sǎi-hǔua-bpai-glai-glai).

3. Angry Warnings

Let’s learn angry Thai phrases that are used as a warning. Use these Thai sentences to warn someone that you’re getting angry.

1- Don’t mess with me.

Thai: อย่ามาลองดีนะ (yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná); อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná)

Example 1:
ทำงานตามที่บอกไป อย่ามาลองดีนะ
tham-ngaan-dtaam-thîi-bàawk-bpai yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná
“Just do what you are told to do, don’t mess with me.”

Example 2:
ถอยไปไกล ๆ เลย อย่ามาแหยมนะ
thǎauy-bpai-glai-glai-looei yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná
“Back off, don’t mess with me.”

Additional note: Despite conveying the same meaning, อย่ามาลองดีนะ (yhàa-maa-laawng-dii-ná) is more formal than อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná). อย่ามาแหยมนะ (yhàa-maa-yhǎaem-ná) is used in spoken language.

2- You’re asking for trouble.

Thai: อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná); อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang)

Example 1:
ทำตัวดี ๆ อย่าหาเรื่องนะ
tham-dtuua-dii-dii yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná
“Behave, you are asking for trouble now.”

Example 2:
ใช่เรื่องนายรึเปล่า ถ้าไม่ใช่ก็อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง
châi-rûueang-khǎawng-naai-rúe-bplào thâa-mâi-châi-gâaw-yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang
“If it is not your business, then just back off. You’re asking for trouble now.”

Additional note: Actually, เธอกำลังหาปัญหาใส่ตัวอยู่ (thooe-gam-lang-hǎa-bpan-hǎa-sài-dtuaa-yhùu) is the literal meaning of “You’re asking for trouble.” However, Thai people don’t say that. We use อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná) or อย่าแส่หาเรือง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang), which literally mean “Don’t ask for trouble.” Comparing อย่าหาเรื่องนะ (yhàa-hǎa-rûueang-ná) and อย่าแส่หาเรื่อง (yhàa-sàae-hǎa-rûueang), the first one is more polite than the second one.

3- Don’t make me say it again.

Thai: อย่าให้ต้องเตือนอีกนะ (yhàa-hâi-dtâawng-dtuuean-ìik-ná)

รู้ใช่มั้ยว่าถ้าผลการเรียนไม่ดีจะเป็นยังไง ทำตัวดี ๆ อย่าให้ต้องเตือนอีกนะ
Rúu-châi-mái-wâa-thâa-phǒn-gaan-riian-mâi-dii-jà-bpen-yang-ngai tham-dtuua-dii-dii yhàa-hâi- dtâawng-dtuuean-ìik-ná
“You do know what would happen if your school report remains bad, right? So be a good student. Don’t make me say it again.”

4- This is my last warning.

Thai: เตือนครั้งสุดท้ายนะ (dtuuean-khráng-sùt-tháai-ná)

เตือนครั้งสุดท้ายนะ ถ้ายังสอบตกอีกจะไม่ให้เล่นเกมส์แล้ว
dtuuean-khráng-sùt-tháai-ná thâa-yang-sàawp-dtòk-ìik-jà-mâi-hâi-lên-geem-láaeo
“This is my last warning. If you fail another test, you will no longer be allowed to play games.”

This Is My Last Warning

5- I don’t want to see you again.

Thai: อย่ามาให้เห็นหน้าอีก (yhàa-maa-hâi-hěn-nhâa-ìik)

ถ้ายืนยันจะทำแบบนี้ิ ก็อย่ามาให้เห็นหน้าอีกนะ
thâa-yuuen-yan-jà-tham-bàaep-níi gâaw-yhàa-maa-hâi-hěn-nhâa-ìik-ná
“I don’t want to see you again if you insist on doing that.”

6- Don’t be silly.

Thai: อย่างี่เง่า (yhàa-ngîi-ngâo)

อย่างี่เง่านะ จะไม่โกรธอะไรกับเรื่องไม่เป็นเรื่อง
yhàa-ngîi-ngâo-ná jà-maa-gròot-à-rai-gàp-rûueang-mâi-bpen-rûueang
“Don’t be silly, you are making a problem out of nothing.”

7- I will not tolerate that.

Thai: เหลือทนแล้วนะ (lǔuea-thon-láaeo-ná); ทนไม่ไหวแล้ว (thon-mâi-wǎi-láaeo)

Example 1:
เหลือทนแล้วนะ วัน ๆ ไม่ทำอะไรให้มีประโยชน์เลย
lǔuea-thon-láaeo-ná wan-wan-mâi-tham-à-rai-hâi-mii-bprà-yòot-looei
“I will not tolerate this. You don’t do anything useful at all.”

Example 2:
ทำไมเธอถึงซกมกได้ขนาดนี้ ฉันทนไม่ไหวแล้ว
tham-mai-thooe-thǔng-sók-mók-dâi-khà-nàat-níi chǎn-thon-mâi-wǎi-láaeo
“How can you be this messy? I will no longer tolerate this.”

8- It is none of your business.

Thai: อย่าเสือก (yhàa-sùueak)

นี่มันเรื่องในครอบครัวของฉัน อย่าเสือก
nîi-man-rûueang-nai-khrâawp-khruua-khǎawng-chǎn yhàa-sùueak
“This is my family’s issue. It is none of your business.”

Additional note: This word is viewed as a bit rude.

4. Angry Blames

This section will teach you another type of angry phrase in Thai: the angry blame. Below is a list of phrases you can use.

1- What were you thinking?

Thai: คิดบ้าอะไรอยู่ (khít-bâa-à-rai-yhùu)

ซื้อของแพงขนาดนี้มาได้ยังไง คิดบ้าอะไรอยู่
súue-khǎawng-phaaeng-khà-nàat-níi-maa-dâi-yang-ngai khít-bâa-à-rai-yhùu
How could you buy such an expensive thing? What were you thinking?”

2- Who do you think you are?

Thai: คิดว่าตัวเองเป็นใครกัน (khít-wâa-dtuua-eeng-bpen-khrai-gan)

อยู่ ๆ จะมาสั่งนู่นสั่งนี่ได้ยังไง คิดว่าตัวเองเป็นใครกัน
yhùu-yhùu-ja-maa-sàng-nûun-sàng-nîi-dâi-yang-ngai khít-wâa-dtuaa-eeng-bpen-khrai-gan
“How can you go bossing people around? Who do you think you are?”

3- Are you out of your mind?

Thai: บ้าไปแล้วรึไง (bâa-bpai-láaeo-rúe-ngai)

บ้าไปแล้วรึไง เราแทบจะไม่มีอะไรกินอยู่แล้วยังเอาเงินไปเล่นพนันอีก
bâa-bpai-láaeo-rúe-ngai rao-thâaep-jà-mâi-mii-à-rai-gin-yhùu-láaew-yang-ao-ngooen-bpai-lên-phá-nan-ìik
“Are you out of your mind? We almost have nothing to eat, but you still use our money for gambling.”

4- What’s wrong with you?

Thai: เป็นบ้าอะไรเนี่ย (bpen-bâa-à-rai-nîia)

เป็นบ้าอะไรเนี่ย มาถึงก็โวยวายเสียงดัง
bpen-bâa-à-rai-nîia maa-thǔeng-gâaw-wooi-waai-sǐiang-dang
“What’s wrong with you? You were frantic as soon as you arrived.”

5- It’s all your fault.

Thai: ความผิดเธอ / นายนั่นแหละ (khwaam-phìt-thooe / naai-nân-làae)

“It’s all your fault we have no place to sleep tonight.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

6- You messed it up.

Thai words: เธอ / นาย ทำพังเอง (thooe / naai-tham-phang-eeng)

นายทำพังเอง อย่ามาโทษคนอื่นนะ
naai-tham-phang-eeng yhàa-maa-thôot-khon-ùuen-ná
“You messed it up. Don’t blame it on others.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

7- You’re impossible.

Thai: เธอ / นาย ช่างเรื่องเยอะ (thooe / naai-châang-rûueang-yóe)

เธอช่างเรื่องเยอะ ใครทำอะไรก็ไม่ถูกใจ
thooe-chaang-ruueang-yóe khrai-tham-à-rai-gaaw-mai-thuuk-jai
“You’re impossible. No one can please you.”

Additional note: You use เธอ (thooe) if the other party is female, and นาย (naai) if the other party is male.

5. Describing How You Feel in Thai

Another way you can express your anger is to tell others how you feel. For example, knowing how to say “I am angry” in Thai will be immensely helpful. You can use the sentences below to convey your anger, or other negative emotions, in Thai.

1- I’m very upset.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมอารมณ์เสียแล้วนะ (chǎn / phǒm-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo-ná)

เธอไม่ฟังที่ฉันบอกเลย ฉันอารมณ์เสียแล้วนะ
thooe-mâi-fang-thîi-chǎn-bàawk-looei chǎn-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo-ná
“You’re not even listening to what I’m saying. I’m very upset.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm).

Man with Steam Coming Out of His Ears

2- I’m fed up with it.

Thai: เหลือจะทนแล้วนะ (lǔuea-jà-thon-láaeo-ná)

เธอพูดจาดูถูกฉันมาตลอด เหลือจะทนแล้วนะ
thooe-phûut-jaa-duu-thùuk-chǎn-maa-dtà-làawt lǔuea-jà-thon-láaeo-ná
“You always insult me. I’m fed up with it.”

3- I hate it.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมเกลียดมัน (chǎn / phǒm-glìiat-man)

เพื่อนคนนั้นแกล้งผมบ่อยมาก ผมเกลียดมัน
phûuean-khon-nán-glâaeng-phǒm-bàauy-mâak phǒm-glìiat-man
“That friend bullies me very often. I hate it.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm). Normally, มัน (man) refers to “it” in Thai. However, sometimes, Thai people impolitely use this word to refer to people they don’t like.

4- I have never been so disappointed.

Thai: ฉัน / ผมโคตรผิดหวังเลย (chǎn / phǒm-khôot-phìt-wǎng-looei)

พอรู้ว่าทีมของเราแพ้ ผมโคตรผิดหวังเลย
phaaw-rúu-wâa-thiim-khǎawng-phûuak-rao-pháae phǒm-khôot-phìt-wǎng-looei
“I have never been so disappointed to learn that our team lost.”

Additional note: Female speakers use ฉัน (chǎn) and male speakers use ผม (phǒm). โคตร (khôot) means “very” in Thai. However, it’s not polite to use this word, so don’t ever use it in formal situations.

6. Angry Exclamations in Thai

Negative Verbs

In addition to phrases and sentences, another way you can express your anger in Thai is through angry exclamations. There are three angry exclamations you should know.

1- หน็อย

Thai pronunciation: nhǎauy

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry and feel like doing something to the cause of their anger.

หน็อย ถ้าเจออีกนะ จะเตะแม่งเลย
nhǎauy thâa-jooe-ìik-ná jà-dtè-mâaeng-looei
“Nhǎauy, if I see him again, I will kick his ass.”

2- โธ่เว้ย

Thai pronunciation: thôo-wóoei

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry and disappointed due to a failure on their part.

โธ่เว้ย ถูกหวยกินอีกแล้ว
thôo-wóoei thùuk-hǔuai-gin-ìik-láaeo
“Thôo-wóoei, I lost my money to the lottery again.”

3- แม่งเอ๊ย

Thai pronunciation: mâaeng-óoei

How to use: Thai people use this exclamation when they’re angry because things didn’t go as they wished.

แม่งเอ๊ย จะเอาอะไรนักหนาวะ
mâaeng-óoei jà-ao-à-rai-nák-nhǎa-wá
“Mâaeng-óoei, what more do you want from me?”

7. How to Calm Yourself Down

Now that you’ve learned sentences and phrases you can use to express your anger in Thai, we’ll now teach you some tips on how to calm yourself down.

1- Take a deep breath.

Thai: หายใจลึก ๆ (hǎai-jai-lúek-lúek)

หายใจลึก ๆ อย่าวู่วาม
hǎai-jai-lúek-lúek yhàa-wûu-waam
“Take a deep breath; don’t act hastily.”

2- Count 1-10.

Thai: นับหนึ่งถึงสิบ (náp-nùeng-thǔeng-sìp)

ใจเย็น ๆ นะ นับหนึ่งถึงสิบก่อน เดี๋ยวจะพลาดทำอะไรโง่ ๆ ไป
jai-yen-yen-ná náp-nùeng-thǔeng-sìp-gàawn dǐiao-jà-phlâat-tham-à-rai-ngôo-ngôo-bpai
“Calm down and count 1-10, or else you may do stupid things.”

3- Find something else to do.

Thai: หาอะไรอย่างอื่นทำ (hǎa-à-rai-yàang-ùuen-tham)

ตอนนี้เธออารมณ์เสียแล้ว ไปหาอะไรอย่างอื่นทำก่อนไป
dtaawn-níi-thooe-aa-rom-sǐia-láaeo bpai-hǎa-à-rai-yàang-ùuen-tham-gàawn-bpai
“You are already upset. You better find something else to do.”

Additional note: If you do another activity, you may forget that you were angry.

4- Go to sleep.

Thai: ไปนอนซะ (bpai-naawn-sá)

“If doing this makes you angry, then just go to sleep.”

Additional note: If you go to sleep, you may forget that you were angry by the time you wake up.

Just Go to Sleep

5- Talk it out.

Thai: บ่นมา (bòn-maa); ระบายออกมา (rá-baai-àawk-maa)

Example 1:
หน้าบึงเชียว บ่นมา จะได้อารมณ์ดีข้ึน
nhâa-bûeng-chiiao bòn-maa jà-dai-aa-rom-dii-khûen
“You are scowling. Talk it out; it will make your mood better.”

Example 2:
ไปโกรธอะไรมา ระบายออกมากจะได้สบายใจ
bpai-gròot-a-rai-maa rá-baai-àawk-maa-jà-dai-sà-baai-jai
“Why are you angry? Talk it out, you’ll feel better.”

Additional note: Talking may not solve the problem, but it can make you feel better.

8. Conclusion

You’ve just finished another lesson. Congratulations! How do you feel after learning Thai angry phrases? Does the way Thai people express anger differ from how you do? Please comment below to let us know.

We would also like to remind you that despite sometimes speaking rudely when angry, Thai people have a negative attitude toward people who speak impolitely. So you should refrain from speaking rudely, even when you’re angry.

And now that you’ve finished this lesson, there’s so much more for you to explore on We have a variety of fun and interesting lessons waiting for you. Maybe after reading this article about getting angry in Thai, you should try 15 happy words or the top 20 words for positive emotions to lighten up your mood.

Happy Thai learning!

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Life Event Messages: Learn Happy Birthday in Thai & More!


People are pretty much the same. We’re born, live our life, and in the end, we die. However, the life events people celebrate and experience around the world are not always the same. This is because each country has its own culture, traditions, and beliefs, which causes people the world over to pay attention to different events in life.

In this lesson, you’ll get to learn about life events in Thai. will teach you about important life events in Thailand, what happens during those events, and what you’re supposed to say (like Happy Birthday in Thai or how to wish a happy new year in Thai). As mentioned earlier, these events are influenced by culture, tradition, and beliefs, so you’ll also get to learn more about Thai people in those respects as well.

There are many important life events in Thailand, and many Thai congratulations and condolences you can offer. And we have good news for you: all of these messages can be used for both speaking and writing!

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Table of Contents

  1. Birthdays in Thailand
  2. Graduation in Thailand
  3. Ordination Ceremony in Thailand
  4. Weddings in Thailand
  5. Pregnancy in Thai
  6. New House
  7. New Business or Business Anniversary
  8. Visiting Injured/Sick People
  9. Funerals in Thai
  10. Holidays in Thailand
  11. Conclusion

1. Birthdays in Thailand

Happy Birthday

It’s natural for people to pay attention to birthdays. After all, it marks the beginning of a person’s life. วันเกิด (wan-gòoet) is “birthday” in Thai. When it comes to birthdays, the questions that may pop into your mind are about how to write “Happy Birthday to you” in Thai or how to sing the Happy Birthday song in Thai. Don’t worry; we’ll get everything covered for you. But before we answer your questions, let’s learn more about this event from a Thai person’s perspective.

Birthdays aren’t considered a very important event in Thailand. Children may get excited for their birthdays, and celebrate with birthday cake and presents from family and friends. When it comes to adults, the level of attention people pay to birthdays in Thailand varies. Some people throw a big party to celebrate a birthday, while others just do merit and go out for a special meal with family, friends, or their lover. Still, some people don’t pay attention to this event at all; it’s just another day for them.

If you live in Thailand or happen to know Thai people and want to wish them a happy birthday in Thai, you should focus on the information below.

1- Happy Birthday in Thai

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันเกิด

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan-gòoet

Additional note: This is a very general way to wish someone a happy birthday in Thai, and you can use this in both formal and informal situations. Still, it’s good to know that Thai people often say “Happy Birthday” in English, as well as สุขสันต์วันเกิด (sùk-sǎn wan-gòoet). Now, about the Happy Birthday song in Thai—there is none. Thai people sing the English version.

2- Happy Birthday Wishes in Thai

Thai people often wish for the birthday person to be healthy, wealthy, happy, and to have a good time. Here is a list of formal birthday wishes in Thai you can use.

Wish 1: I wish you to be healthy.

Thai language: ขอให้สุขภาพร่างกายแข็งแรง

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi sùk-khà-phâap-râang-gaai khǎaeng-raaeng

Wish 2: I wish you to be very happy.

Thai language: ขอให้มีความสุขมาก ๆ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii khwaam-sùk mâak-mâak

Wish 3: I wish you to be wealthy.

Thai language: ขอให้ร่ำรวย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi râm-ruuai

Wish 4: I wish you to have a good year.

Thai language: ขอให้ปีนี้เป็นปีที่ดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bpii-níi bpen bpii thîi dii

3- Happy Birthday Wishes to Elders in Thai

In Thai culture, you can say that you wish something for younger people, but it’s not proper for younger people to do this for elders. This is because, in Thai society, young people are expected to respect people who are older. If you do wish something for an elder, there is a way to say it properly, shown below.

Thai language: ขอให้คุณพระศรีรัตนตรัยบันดาลให้…

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi khun phrá-srǐi-rát-dtà-ná-dtrai ban-daan hâi…

English translation: “May the triple gems wish you…”

Additional note: Since you can’t bless elders directly, you ask a sacred item that Thai people believe blesses them instead. In Thailand, most people are Buddhist, so Thai people often use พระศรีรัตนตรัย (phrá-srǐi-rát-dtà-ná-dtrai), which is “the triple gems.”

Happy Birthday

2. Graduation in Thailand

Basic Questions

พิธีสำเร็จการศึกษา (phí-thii sǎm-rèt gaan-sùek-sǎa), or a “graduation ceremony,” is a big event in Thailand. It’s viewed as the first success in life, as well as a sign that you’ve become an adult; after this, you’re expected to work and take care of yourself. On graduation day, graduated students receive a diploma from the Thai royal family. Family and friends normally come to congratulate graduates with flowers and gifts.

If you happen to have a Thai friend who’s about to graduate, here’s a list of graduation messages in Thai you can use.

1- Happy Graduation in Thai

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยที่เรียนจบ

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii-dûuai thîi riian jòp

Additional note: This is a very typical graduation wish you can use in both formal and informal situations.

2- I would like to congratulate to graduate.

Thai language: ขอแสดงความยินดีกับบัณฑิตใหม่

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw sà-daaeng khwaam-yin-dii gàp ban-dìt mài

Additional note: This is another congratulation in Thai for graduates you can use. This one is more formal than the previous one.

3- Graduation Wishes in Thai

In addition to the two ways of saying congratulations in Thai above, you can also say offer more good wishes to the graduate. These wishes can be used in both formal and informal situations. The basic sentence you should know is ดีใจด้วย ขอให้… (dii-jai-dûuai khǎaw-hâi), which means “I’m so happy for you. I wish (you to be)…”. You can choose one of the wishes listed below to fill the blank.

Wish 1: Be successful in work.

Thai language: ประสบความสำเร็จในการทำงาน

Thai pronunciation: bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt nai gaan-tham-ngaan

Wish 2: Be successful in life.

Thai language: ประสบความสำเร็จในชีวิต

Thai pronunciation: bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt nai chii-wít

Wish 3: A bright and shiny future is waiting for you.

Thai language: มีอนาคตที่สดใสรออยู่

Thai pronunciation: mii a-naa-khót thîi sòt-sǎi raaw yùu

3. Ordination Ceremony in Thailand

งานบวช (ngaan-bùuat) is “ordination ceremony” in Thai. For Buddhist families with son(s), the ordination ceremony is considered a big life event for them. As the head of a family in the future, it’s tradition for males to be ordained for a short period of time to learn the Buddha’s teachings so that he can use them later in life. Family and friends are invited to this ordinations ceremony. will teach you sentences you may hear, and some you can use, to congratulate someone in formal situations.

Ordination Ceremony

1- I’m so happy for you.

Thai language: ขอร่วมอนุโมทนาบุญด้วย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw rûuam à-nú-moo-thá-naa-bun dûuai

Additional note: This Thai message is quite special. It’s used in Buddhism-related situations only. In an ordination ceremony, Thai people use this phrase to show that they’re happy for what you’re doing (getting ordained to be a monk).

2- I hope you will be able to learn Buddha’s teachings well.

Thai language: ขอให้ศึกษาพระธรรมให้เต็มที่

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi sùek-sǎa phrá-tham hâi dtem-thîi

Additional note: You can use this phrase in addition to saying that you’re happy they’re going to study as a monk.

3- You’re becoming a monk so your parents can go to heaven.

Thai language: บวชให้พ่อแม่ได้เกาะชายผ้าเหลืองขึ้นสวรรค์

Thai pronunciation: bùuat hâi phâaw-mâae dâi gàw chaai-phâa-lǔueang khûen sà-wǎn

Additional note: This isn’t a message you say to the host, but is rather a famous saying related to the ordination ceremony which reflects Thai beliefs regarding this matter. Its literal meaning is “ordain so parents can hold the rim of yellow clothes to heaven.” Here’s an explanation: Thai monks have their own outfit, which is a yellow robe. In the ordination ceremony, a new monk wears the yellow robe for the first time, and parents can hold on to the rim of the yellow outfit to the heaven.

4. Weddings in Thailand

Marriage Proposal

Like the rest of the world, a wedding is an important life event in Thailand. Most people, especially women, want to have a wedding ceremony. Some wedding ceremonies are pretty small, and only family and close friends are invited. Some wedding ceremonies, however, can be very big with up to a thousand guests. Normally, at the reception of the wedding, there’s a book for guests to write their wishes to the bride and groom in. If you’re going to a Thai wedding, here are wedding messages in Thai, and other Thai wedding congratulations, you can use.

1- Congratulations on your wedding.

Thai language: ยินดีกับการแต่งงานด้วย

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii gàp gaan-dtàaeng-ngaan dûuai

Additional note: This is a very general way to congratulate the wedding. You can use this in both formal and informal situations.

2- Wedding Wish from an Elder

In Thai society, when an elder offers good wishes to a younger bride and groom, they often use these wishes.

Wish 1: Wish you to love each other until you are old.

Thai language: ขอให้รักกันจนแก่เฒ่า ถือไม้เท้ายอดทองกระบองยอดเพชร

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi rák-gan jon gàae-thâo thǔue-mái-tháo-yâawt-thaawng-grà-baawng- yâawt-phét

Wish 2: Wish you to be together forever and always forgive each other.

Thai language: ขอให้รักกันนาน ๆ หนักนิดเบาหน่อยก็ให้อภัยกันนะ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi rák gan naan-naan ngàk-nít-bao-nàauy gâaw hâi à-phai gan ná

Wish 3: Wish you to have a lot of children.

Thai language: ขอให้มีลูกเต็มบ้านมีหลานเต็มเมือง

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii lûuk dtem bâan mii-lǎan dtem muueang

3- Wedding Wishes from Friends

Wishes from friends are often more playful and informal. Here are the most popular ones.

Wish 1: I’m so happy that you are already married.

Thai language: ดีใจด้วย ขายออกแล้วนะ

Thai pronunciation: dii-jai dûuai khǎai àawk láaeo ná

Wish 2: I’m so happy for you and wish you eternal love.

Thai language: ดีใจด้วย รักกันนาน ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: dii-jai dûuai rák gan naan-naan ná

5. Pregnancy in Thai

Talking about Age

When you learn that your beloved one is pregnant, naturally, you’re happy for them. In some countries, they do baby showers to congratulate them. However, in Thailand, we don’t do that. Once the new mother gives birth, you go and visit them.

Then, a month after the baby is born, you do an event called ทำขวัญเดือน (tham-kwǎn-duuean) or โกนผมไฟ (goon-phǒm-fai). In this event, the family wishes good things for the baby and celebrates that the baby is safe and healthy. It’s the first time that the baby’s hair is cut. However, only family partakes in this event.

As a friend, if you want to congratulate your Thai friend on their pregnancy or childbirth, you can send them these messages.

1- Wish both mother and baby to be healthy.

Thai language: ขอให้แข็งแรงทั้งคุณแม่และลูก

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi khǎaeng-raaeng tháng khun-mâae láe lûuk

Additional note: This is a Thai wish for both the mother and baby, that you say to the mother. It’s quite common and can be used in both formal and informal situations.

2- Be good kids for mom and dad.

Thai language: เป็นเด็กดีของพ่อแม่นะ

Thai pronunciation: bpen dèk dii khǎawng phâaw-mâae ná

Additional note: This is a Thai wish you say to the baby, although the baby may not understand you yet. When Thai people speak this, they normally use a kind tone.

3- Wish your baby to be healthy and grow up to be a good child.

Thai language: ขอให้ลูกสุขภาพแข็งแรงและเป็นเด็กดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi lûuk sùk-khà-phâap khǎaeng-raaeng láe bpen dèk dii

Additional note: This is a Thai wish for the baby that you say to the mother. It’s quite common and can be used in both formal and informal situations.

Happy Baby

6. New House

Owning a house or condo in Thailand is viewed as another success. The owner of the house often hosts an event called งานทำบุญขึ้นบ้านใหม่ (ngaan tham-bun-khûen-bâan-mài), which means “merit making for new house,” to celebrate. They may also invite monks to bless the house so that it’s a nice place to live. Family and friends are normally invited to this event.

1- Congratulations on your new house.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยที่ได้ขึ้นบ้านใหม่

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai thîi dâi khûen bâan-mài

Additional note: This is a very general way to congratulate the owner of a new house. You can use this in both formal and informal situations.

2- This is a good house, making the occupant rich.

Thai language: บ้านนี้ดี อยู่แล้วรวย

Thai pronunciation: bâan níi dii yùu láaeo ruuai

Additional note: This is one of the wishes Thai people often write down on a card, which they give to the owner of the house.

3- Occupants in this house will be happy and rich.

Thai language: บ้านนี้อยู่แล้ว ร่มเย็นเป็นสุข ร่ำรวย

Thai pronunciation: bâan níi yùu láaeo rôm-yen-bpen-sùk râm-ruuai

Additional note: This is another wish that Thai people often write down on a card, which they give to the owner of the house.

7. New Business or Business Anniversary

When Thai people start a new business or have a business anniversary, they sometimes invite a monk to bless their business. They believe it will bring luck and help make their business successful. Family, friends, and business partners are invited. Here’s a list of best wishes in Thai you can say to congratulate them.

1- General Thai Message on New Business / Business Anniversary

Wish 1: Good luck! Good luck! Good luck!

Thai language: เฮง เฮง เฮง

Thai pronunciation: heng heng heng

Additional note: This is one of the most popular wishes for others when it comes to business. Actually, it comes from Chinese.

Wish 2: Congratulations.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยนะ

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai ná

2- Wishes for a New Business

Wish 1: Congratulations on your business, may it go well.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยกับธุรกิจใหม่ ขอให้กิจการรุ่งเรือง

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai gàp thú-rá-gìt mài khǎaw hâi gìt-jà-gaan rûng-ruueang

Wish 2: Congratulations on your business, may the sales be very good.

Thai language: ยินดีด้วยกับธุรกิจใหม่ ขอให้ค้าขายรุ่งเรือง

Thai pronunciation: yin-dii dûuai gàp thú-rá-gìt mài khǎaw hâi kháa-khǎai rûng-ruueang

3- Wishing a Happy Business Anniversary

Wish 1: May your business be even more successful.

Thai language: ขอให้ประสบความสำเร็จยิ่ง ๆ ขึ้นไป

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bprà-sòp-khwaam-sǎm-rèt yîng-yîng-khûen-bpai

Wish 2: May you be richer.

Thai language: ขอให้ร่ำรวยยิ่ง ๆ ขึ้นไป

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi râm-ruuai yîng-yîng-khûen-bpai

8. Visiting Injured/Sick People

Being sick is an inevitable event in life. And when you’re sick or injured, encouragement from family, friends, and people who love you can always make you feel better. Thai people are no different.

When you’re sick, you normally get encouraging messages from those who love you. If you get admitted to the hospital, those who love you often come to visit with some fruit and nourishing food or drinks. If you visit Thai people in the hospital or have a sick friend, the following Thai condolences and encouragement phrases will be useful for you. You can use them in both formal and informal situations.

1- Get well soon.

Thai language: หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

Additional note: This is a general message that Thai people often say or write down on a card for someone who is sick or injured.

2- Get a lot of rest and get well soon.

Thai language: พักผ่อนเยอะ ๆ หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: phák-phàawn yóe-yóe hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

3- Take care of yourself and get well soon.

Thai language: ดูแลตัวเองดี ๆ หายป่วยเร็ว ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation: duu-laae dtuua-eeng dii-dii hǎai bpùuai rew-rew ná

9. Funerals in Thai

งานศพ (ngaan-sòp), or a “funeral,” is the chance for the living to pay respect to the dead, as well as comfort the family of the deceased. คำอาลัย (kham aa-lai) is the “message to the dead” in Thai. If you go to a funeral in Thailand, here are some funeral messages in Thai, and other condolences in Thai, you should know.

1- May you go to heaven.

Thai language 1: ขอให้ไปสู่สุคติ

Thai pronunciation 1: khǎaw hâi bpai sùu sùk-khà-dtì

Thai language 2: ขอให้ไปที่ชอบ ๆ นะ

Thai pronunciation 2: khǎaw hâi bpai thîi-châawp-thîi-châawp ná

Additional note: This is a message that Thai people often say to the deceased at a funeral. Both sentences have the same meaning. However, the first one is more formal.

2- Message to the death (asking for forgiveness).

It’s impossible for people who know each other to never do, think, or say bad things to each other, regardless of intention. As most Thai people are Buddhist, we believe in a next life. Thus, it’s proper to ask for forgiveness and say that you forgive the deceased as well. So you should know these two sentences.

Message 1: Asking the deceased for forgiveness

Thai language: กรรมใดที่เคยทำไป อโหสิกรรมให้ด้วย

Thai pronunciation: gam-dai thîi khooei tham bpai à-hǒo-sì-gam hâi rao dûuai

Message 2: Forgiving the deceased for bad things he/she did to you

Thai language: ถ้าเคยทำอะไรที่ไม่ดีไว้ เราอโหสิกรรมให้

Thai pronunciation: thâa khooei tham à-rai thîi mâi dii wái rao à-hǒo-sì-gam hâi

3- Condolences in Thai

Message 1: My condolences for your loss. (Formal)

Thai language: ขอแสดงความเสียใจด้วย

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw sà-daaeng kwaam-sǐia-jai dûuai

Message 2: My condolences for your loss. (Informal)

Thai language: เสียใจด้วย

Thai pronunciation: sǐia-jai dûuai

10. Holidays in Thailand

There are a lot of holidays in Thailand. Thai people celebrate many foreign holidays such as Valentine’s Day, Christmas, and Halloween. However, luckily, the holiday greetings in Thai, or holiday messages for foreign holidays, are no different from those used in other countries. Thai people often say those in English, such as “Merry Christmas” and “Happy Valentine’s Day.”

Still, thinks you should learn some holiday wishes in Thai. In particular, the New Year holiday in Thailand is quite interesting.

In Thailand, people kind of celebrate the New Year three times a year: New Year’s Day, the Chinese New Year Day, and the Thai New Year Day. So you should learn some of the most common Thai New Year congratulations. The Thai wishes below can be used in both formal and informal situations.

1- Happy New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: Happy New Year

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันปีใหม่

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan-bpii-mài

Wish 2: Hello New Year

Thai language: สวัสดีปีใหม่

Thai pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii bpii-mài

Wish 3: May this year be full of happiness and prosperity.

Thai language: ขอให้มีแต่ความสุขความเจริญ

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii dtàae khwaam-sùk khwaam-jà-rooen

Wish 4: May this be a good year.

Thai language: ขอให้ปีนี้เป็นปีที่ดี

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi bpii-níi bpen bpii thîi dii

2- Happy Chinese New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: In this new year, may all your wishes come true. I wish you to be happy and rich all year.

Thai language: ซิงเจียยู่อี๋ ซิงนี้ฮวดใช้

Thai pronunciation: sin-jiia-yûu-ìi sin-níi-hûuat-chái

Additional note: This wish is Chinese. Despite saying this on the Chinese New Year, Thai people don’t really know what it means. They just know that they’re supposed to say this on that day.

Wish 2: Good luck! Good luck! Good luck!

Thai language: เฮง เฮง เฮง

Thai pronunciation: heng heng heng

Additional note: You may recognize this wish because it’s also used to wish a new business well, or to congratulate a business anniversary. It can also be used as a wish for the Chinese New Year as well.

3- Happy Thai New Year Wishes in Thai

Wish 1: Happy Songkran Day

Thai language: สุขสันต์วันสงกรานต์

Thai pronunciation: sùk-sǎn wan sǒng-graan

Wish 2: Hello Thai New Year

Thai language: สวัสดีปีใหม่ไทย

Thai pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii bpii-mài-thai

Wish 3: May this year be full of happiness.

Thai language: ขอให้มีแต่ความสุข

Thai pronunciation: khǎaw hâi mii dtàae khwaam-sùk

Songkran Holiday

11. Conclusion

Congratulations for reaching the conclusion. We hope you can use all these wishes and messages for life events in real situations. Are they different from yours? Does your country have the same life events? Leave a comment below to let us know.

And as always, don’t forget to visit to learn interesting and fun Thai lessons. As we’ve just talked about holidays, you can learn more about national Thai holidays or the Songkran holiday in Thailand. Know that your hard work will pay off, and with the help of ThaiPod101, you’ll be speaking like a native in no time!

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List of Thai Adjectives You Must Know


Why should you learn Thai adjectives?

The adjective is a very important part of any language. It enables clear and detailed communication, and by using Thai adjectives, you can communicate in Thai like a native. Thus, learning Thai adjectives is a must for all Thai learners.

Both Thai adjectives and adverbs are used to add detail to a sentence, but in this article, we’ll only focus on Thai adjectives. Let’s start our lesson by answering the question, “How do you say adjective in Thai?”

คำคุณศัพท์ (kham khun-ná-sàp) is “adjective” in Thai, and like in every language, adjectives are descriptive words. This article will make learning descriptive Thai adjectives easy!

For your information, there are actually many types of Thai adjectives, but there’s no need to remember adjectives by type. Below is our list of adjectives in Thai, categorized into groups. But first, some information on how to use Thai language adjectives.

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Table of Contents

  1. How to Use Thai Adjectives
  2. Describing Dimensions, Sizes, Distance & Frequency
  3. Thai Adjectives for Describing Value
  4. Thai Adjectives for Describing Feeling and Sense
  5. Thai Adjectives for Describing Personality and Feelings
  6. Thai Adjectives for Describing Speed, Difficulty & Importance
  7. Thai Adjectives for Describing Color
  8. Thai Adjectives for Describing Shape & Texture
  9. Thai Food Adjectives: Describing Taste
  10. Thai Adjectives for Describing Situations
  11. Describing Physical Traits, Conditions & Appearance
  12. Conclusion

1. How to Use Thai Adjectives

Most Common Adjectives

Let’s learn about Thai adjectives and how to use them. Fortunately, apart from remembering adjectives in Thai vocabulary, how to use Thai adjectives is very easy. When Thai people want to describe something, the pattern they use is “noun + adjective.” For example, ผู้หญิงสวย (phûu-yǐng sǔuai) is “beautiful woman.” Below is a more detailed explanation.

  • ผู้หญิง (phûu-yǐng) is “woman” in Thai.
  • สวย (sǔuai) is “beautiful” in Thai.
  • Combining both words, with the noun first and adjective second, we get ผู้หญิงสวย (phûu-yǐng sǔuai), which means “beautiful woman.”

Sometimes, Thai people put a ลักษณะนาม (lák-sà-nà-naam), or “classifier,” in between the noun and adjective. ลักษณะนาม (lák-sà-nà-naam) is a noun used to describe the feature or structure of the noun in front.

Now that you have the basics down, here’s our Thai adjectives list!

2. Describing Dimensions, Sizes, Distance & Frequency

Improve Pronunciation

The first group of Thai adjectives you should learn are those that describe the physical features of an object, distance, and frequency. These are some of the most common Thai adjectives, and you’ll do well to learn these.

1- Big

Thai adjective: ใหญ่ (yài)

Bâan lǎng yài mák raa-khaa phaaeng
“Big houses are often expensive.”

Opposite word: เล็ก (lék), which means “small” in Thai.

2- Small

Thai adjective: เล็ก (lék)

Chǎn châawp grà-bpǎo bai lék lék
“I like small bags.”

Opposite word: ใหญ่ (yài), which means “big” in Thai.

3- Wide

Thai adjective: กว้าง (gwâang)

Example 1:
ห้องนอนกว้างมาก ฉันชอบ
Hâawng-naawn gwâang mâak chǎn châawp
“The bedroom is very wide. I like it.”

Example 2:
Thà-nǒn sêen mài gwâang dii
“The new road is wide.”

Opposite word: แคบ (khâaep), which means “narrow” in Thai.

Additional note: Thai people also use the word “wide” to describe a big area instead of using the word “big.”

4- Narrow

Thai adjective: แคบ (khâaep)

Example 1:
ห้องครัวแคบมาก วางของพอได้ยังไง
Hâawng-khruua khâaep mâak waang khǎawng phaaw dâi yang-ngai
“The kitchen is so narrow. How can you put everything in it?”

Example 2:
Thaang khâo bâan thooe khâaep jang
“The way to your house is so narrow.”

Opposite word: กว้าง (gwâang), which means “wide” in Thai.

Additional note: Similar to “wide,” Thai people also use the word “narrow” to describe a small area instead of using the word “small.”

5- Thick

Thai adjective: หนา (nǎa)

Nǎng-sǔue lêem nán nǎa gooen jà àan wǎi
“That book is too thick to read.”

Opposite word: บาง (baang), which means “thin” in Thai.

6- Thin

Thai adjective: บาง (baang)

Sài sûuea baang mâak jà tham hâi bpen wàt
“Wearing clothes that are too thin will make you catch a cold.”

Opposite word: หนา (nǎa), which means “thick” in Thai.

7- Tall / High

Thai adjective: สูง (sǔung)

Chǎn mâi châawp khûen dtùek sǔung
“I don’t like to go up on high buildings.”

Opposite word: เตี้ย (dtîia) and ต่ำ (dtàm), which mean “low” in Thai.

8- Short

Thai adjective: เตี้ย (dtîia)

Náawng dtîia phráw mâi châawp dùuem nom
“My brother is short because he doesn’t like drinking milk.”

Opposite word: สูง (sǔung), which means “high” in Thai.

9- Low

Thai adjective: ต่ำ (dtàm)

Khá-naaen dtàm sùt khuue sìp khá-naaen
“The lowest score is ten.”

Opposite word: สูง (sǔung), which means “high” in Thai.

10- Heavy

Thai adjective: หนัก (nàk)

กล่องหนักมาก ฉันแบกไม่ไหว
Glàawng nàk mâak chǎn bàaek mâi wǎi
“The box is very heavy. I can’t carry it.”

Opposite word: เบา (bao), which means “light” in Thai.

11- Light

Thai adjective: เบา (bao)

Sà-mùt mák bao gwàa nǎng-sǔue
“Notebooks are usually lighter than books.”

Opposite word: หนัก (nàk), which means “heavy” in Thai.

12- Close

Thai adjective: ใกล้ (glâi)

Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu glâi hâang sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa
“My house is near (close to) a department store.”

Opposite word: ไกล (glai), which means “far” in Thai.

13- Far

Thai adjective: ไกล (glai)

Bâan khǎawng chǎn yùu glâi roong-phá-yaa-baan
“My house is far from the hospital.”

Opposite word: ใกล้ (glâi), which means “close” in Thai.

14- Often

Thai adjective: บ่อย (bàauy)

Mâae maa gin gǔuai-dtǐiao ráan níi bàauy
“My mother often has noodles at this place.”

Opposite word: นาน ๆ ที (naan-naan-thii), which means “rarely” in Thai.

15- Rarely

Thai adjective: นาน ๆ ที (naan-naan-thii)

เพราะเป็นคนขี้เกียจ นาน ๆ ที แก้วจะทำความสะอาดห้องที
Phráw bpen khon khîi-gìiat naan-naan-thii gâaew jà tham-khwaam-sà-àat hâawng thii
“Because she is lazy, Gaaew rarely cleans her room.”

Opposite word: บ่อย (bàauy), which means “often” in Thai.

16- Many / Much

Thai adjective: มาก (mâak) / เยอะ (yóe)

Example 1:
Grà-bpǎo nàk mâak phráw mii khǎawng jam-nuuan mâak nai nán
“The bag is so heavy because there are many things in there.”

Example 2:
Aa-hǎan jaan níi mii sà-mǔn-phrai yóe
“There are many herbs in this dish.”

Opposite word: น้อย (náauy) and นิดเดียว (nít-diiao), which mean “few” or “little” in Thai.

Additional note: Whether you use มาก (mâak) or เยอะ (yóe) depends on the noun the adjective describes.

17- Few / Little

Thai adjective: น้อย (náauy) / นิดเดียว (nít-diiao)

Example 1:
Bon chán mii khǎawng náauy
“There are few things on the shelf.”

Example 2:
Bon chán mii khǎawng nít-diiao
“There are few things on the shelf.”

Opposite word: มาก (mâak) and เยอะ (yóe), which mean “many” or “much” in Thai.

Additional note: These two words are pretty much the same. You can use น้อย (náauy) instead of นิดเดียว (nít-diiao) and vice versa.

3. Thai Adjectives for Describing Value


The second group of Thai adjectives you should learn are words used to describe value in Thai.

1- Good

Thai adjective: ดี (dii)

Wan-níi aa-gàat dii mâak
“The weather is very good today.”

Opposite word: ไม่ดี (mâi dii), แย่ (yâae), and เลว (leeo), which mean “bad” in Thai.

Additional note: ดี (dii) can be used to describe both quality and behavior.

2- Great

Thai adjective: เยี่ยม (yîiam)

เธอลองรึยัง มันเยี่ยมมาก
Thooe laawng rúe yang man yîiam mâak
“Have you tried this yet? It is great.”

Opposite word: ไม่ดี (mâi dii), แย่ (yâae), and เลว (leeo), which mean “bad” in Thai.

Additional note: เยี่ยม (yîiam) is used to describe quality only.

3- Perfect

Thai adjective: เลิศ (lôoet)

Man lôoet mâak
“This is perfect.”

Opposite word: ไม่ดี (mâi dii), แย่ (yâae), and เลว (leeo), which mean “bad” in Thai.

Additional note: Thai people also use the English word “perfect” in conversation instead of using เลิศ (lôoet). And for your information, เลิศ (lôoet) is used to describe quality only.

4- Bad

Thai adjective: ไม่ดี (mâi dii) / แย่ (yâae) / เลว (leeo)

Example 1:
อย่าทำแบบนี้ ไม่ดีเลย
Yàa tham bàaep-níi mâi dii looei
“Don’t do this. It is bad.”

Example 2:
สินค้าร้านนี้แย่มาก จะไม่ซื้ออีกแล้ว
Sǐn-kháa ráan níi yâae mâak jà mâi súue ìik láaeo
“The product from this shop is very bad. I won’t buy it again.”

Example 3:
Khǎo bpen khon leeo
“He is a bad person.”

Opposite word: ดี (dii), เยี่ยม (yîiam), and เลิศ (lôoet), which mean “good,” “great,” and “perfect” respectively in Thai.

Additional note: ไม่ดี (mâi dii) and แย่ (yâae) can be used to describe both quality and behavior. เลว (leeo) is used to describe quality only. Of these three words, ไม่ดี (mâi dii) can be used in both formal and informal situations. On the other hand, แย่ (yâae) and เลว (leeo) are used more in spoken language.

5- Sucks (Bad)

Thai adjective: ห่วย (hùuai)

Aa-hǎan rót-châat hùuai mâak
The food tastes sucky (bad).

Opposite word: ดี (dii), เยี่ยม (yîiam), and เลิศ (lôoet) which mean “good,” “great,” and “perfect” respectively in Thai.

Additional note: ห่วย (hùuai) is used to describe quality only. And similar to its English meaning, it’s informal spoken language.

4. Thai Adjectives for Describing Feeling and Sense

The third group of Thai adjectives are words used to describe feeling and sense in Thai.

1- Cold

Thai adjective: หนาว (nǎao)

Chǎn mâi châawp aa-gàat nǎao
“I don’t like cold weather.”

Opposite word: ร้อน (ráawn), which means “hot” in Thai.

2- Hot

Thai adjective: ร้อน (ráawn)

กาแฟร้อนนะ ระวังด้วย
Gaa-faae ráawn ná rá-wang dûuai
“The coffee is hot so be careful.”

Opposite word: หนาว (nǎao), which means “cold” in Thai.

3- Chilly

Thai adjective: เย็น (yen)

เชียงใหม่ตอนนี้อากาศเย็นสบาย น่าไปเที่ยว
Chiiang-mài dtaawn-níi aa-gàat yen sà-baai nâa bpai thìiao
“The weather in Chiiangmai is chilly now. It is a good time to travel there.”

Opposite word: อุ่น (ùn), which means “warm” in Thai.

4- Warm

Thai adjective: อุ่น (ùn)

Chǎn châawp dùuem chaa ùn-ùn
“I like to drink warm tea.”

Opposite word: เย็น (yen), which means “chilly” in Thai.

5- Hard

Thai adjective: แข็ง (khǎaeng)

ขนมปังนี้แข็งมาก กินไปได้ยังไง
Khà-nǒm bpang níi khǎaeng mâak gin bpai dâi yang-ngai
“This bread is so hard. How can you eat it?”

Opposite word: นิ่ม (nîm), which means “soft” in Thai.

6- Soft

Thai adjective: นิ่ม (nîm)

ฉันชอบหมอนที่นิ่มมาก ๆ
Chǎn châawp mǎawn thîi nîm mâak-mâak
“I like very soft pillows.”

Opposite word: แข็ง (khǎaeng), which means “hard” in Thai.

7- Comfortable

Thai adjective: สบาย (sà-baai)

Gâo-îi dtuua níi nâng sà-baai mâak
“This chair is very comfortable.”

Opposite word: อึดอัด (ùet-àt), which means “uncomfortable” in Thai.

8- Painful

Thai adjective: เจ็บ (jèp)

Thâa yûuet dtuua nán duu jèp mâak
“That stretch posture looks so painful.”

Stretching Posture

9- Uncomfortable

Thai adjective: อึดอัด (ùet-àt)

ห้องเล็กแค่นั้น ถ้าอยู่กันเกินสองคนต้องอึดอัดมากแน่ ๆ
Hâawng lék khâae nán thâa yùu gan gooen sǎawng khon dtâawng ùet-àt mâak nâae-nâae
“That room is so small. If more than two people live there, it will be very uncomfortable.”

Opposite word: สบาย (sà-baai), which means “comfortable” in Thai.

10- Fresh

Thai adjective: สดชื่น (sòt-chûuen)

อากาศร้อนแบบนี้ ถ้าดื่มน้ำผลไม้เย็น ๆ ต้องสดชื่นมากแน่ ๆ
Aa-gaat ráawn bàaep níi thâa dùuem nám phǒn-lá-mái yen-yen dtâawng sòt-chûuen mâak nâae-nâae
“Drinking cold juice in this hot weather will be very fresh (refreshing).”

Opposite word: เหนื่อย (nùueai), which means “tired” in Thai.

11- Energetic

Thai adjective: กระปรี้กระเปร่า (grà-bprîi-grà-bprào)

Àawk-gam-lang-gaai láaeo tham hâi rúu-sùek grà-bprîi-grà-bprào
“Exercise makes you feel energetic.”

Opposite word: เหนื่อย (nùueai), which means “tired” in Thai.

12- Tired

Thai adjective: เหนื่อย (nùueai)

ฉันทำงานมาสิบชั่วโมงแล้ว ตอนนี้เหนื่อยมาก
Chǎn tham-ngaan maa sìp chûua-moong láaeo dtaawn-níi nùueai mâak
“I have worked for more than ten hours, I’m so tired now.”

Opposite word: สดชื่น (sòt-chûuen) and กระปรี้กระเปร่า (grà-bprîi-grà-bprào), which mean “fresh” and “energetic” respectively in Thai.

5. Thai Adjectives for Describing Personality and Feelings

The fourth group of Thai adjectives you should learn are words used to describe a person in Thai, or personality Thai adjectives.

1- Diligent

Thai adjective: ขยัน (khà-yǎn)

Nák-riian khon níi khà-yǎn mâak
“This student is so diligent.”

Opposite word: ขี้เกียจ (khîi-gìiat), which means “lazy” in Thai.

2- Lazy

Thai adjective: ขี้เกียจ (khîi-gìiat)

Phâaw mâi châawp khon khîi-gìiat
“My father doesn’t like lazy people.”

Opposite word: ขยัน (khà-yǎn), which means “diligent” in Thai.

3- Kind

Thai adjective: ใจดี (jai-dii)

Mâae bpen khon jai-dii
“My mother is kind.”

Opposite word: ใจร้าย (jai-ráai), which means “mean” in Thai.

4- Mean

Thai adjective: ใจร้าย (jai-ráai)

เด็ก ๆ มักไม่ชอบแม่มดใจร้ายในการ์ตูน
Dèk-dèk mák mâi châawp mâae-mòt jai-ráai nai gaa-dtuun
“Children often dislike mean witches in cartoons.”

Opposite word: ใจดี (jai-dii), which means “kind” in Thai.

5- Composed

Thai adjective: ใจเย็น (jai-yen)

นอกจากใจดีแล้ว แม่เป็นคนใจเย็นมาก
Nâawk jàak jai-dii láaeo mâae bpen khon jai-yen mâak
“Apart from being kind, my mother is also very composed.”

Opposite word: ใจร้อน (jai-ráawn), which means “impetuous” in Thai.

6- Impetuous

Thai adjective: ใจร้อน (jai-ráawn)

Nâm bpen khon jai-ráawn
“Nam is impetuous.”

Opposite word: ใจเย็น (jai-yen), which means “composed” in Thai.

7- Polite

Thai adjective: สุภาพ (sù-phâap)

Khâo wát dtâawng dtàaeng-dtuua sù-phâap
“You have to dress politely when going to the temple.”

Opposite word: หยาบคาย (yàap-khaai), which means “rude” in Thai.

8- Rude

Thai adjective: หยาบคาย (yàap-khaai)

Yàa tham dtuua yàap-khaai
“Don’t be rude.”

Opposite word: สุภาพ (sù-phâap), which means “polite” in Thai.

9- Generous

Thai adjective: ใจกว้าง (jai-gwâang)

Thúuk-khon châawp bpâaeng phráw thooe bpen khon jai-gwâang
“Everyone likes Bpaaeng because she is generous.”

Opposite word: ขี้เหนียว (khîi-nǐiao), which means “stingy” in Thai.

10- Stingy

Thai adjective: ขี้เหนียว (khîi-nǐiao)

Dtàai ruuai phráw khîi-nǐiao
“Dtaai is rich because she is stingy.”

Opposite word: ใจกว้าง (jai-gwâang), which means “generous” in Thai.

11- Funny

Thai adjective: ตลก (dtà-lòk)

Jaaen châawp lâo rûueang dtà-lòk
“Jaaen likes to tell funny stories.”

12- Boring

Thai adjective: น่าเบื่อ (nâa-bùuea)

Nǎang-sǔue lêm nán nâa-bùuea mâak
“That book is so boring.”

13- Optimistic

Thai adjective: มองโลกในแง่ดี (maawng lôok nai ngâae dii)

Dtaan maawng lôok nai ngâae dii sà-mǒoe
“Thaan is always optimistic.”

Opposite word: มองโลกในแง่ร้าย (maawng lôok nai ngâae ráai), which means “pessimistic” in Thai.

14- Pessimistic

Thai adjective: มองโลกในแง่ร้าย (maawng lôok nai ngâae ráai)

Rao mâi khuuan maawng lôok nai ngâae ráai
“We shouldn’t be pessimistic.”

Opposite word: มองโลกในแง่ดี (maawng lôok nai ngâae dii), which means “optimistic” in Thai.

15- Friendly

Thai adjective: เป็นมิตร (bpen-mít)

Thooe bpen-mít gàp thúk-khon
“She is friendly with everyone.”

Opposite word: หยิ่ง (yìng), which means “arrogant” in Thai.

Additional note: Thai people also use the English word “friendly” in conversations, instead of using เป็นมิตร (bpen-mít).

Friendly People

16- Arrogant

Thai adjective: หยิ่ง (yìng)

Mâi mii khrai yàak bpen phûuean gàp khon yìng
“No one wants to be friends with arrogant people.”

Opposite word: เป็นมิตร (bpen-mít), which means “friendly” in Thai.

17- Loud

Thai adjective: เสียงดัง (sǐiang dang)

อย่าเสียงดัง เด็ก ๆ กำลังนอน
Yàa sǐiang dang dèk-dèk gam-lang naawn
“Don’t be so loud. The children are now sleeping.”

Opposite word: เงียบ (ngîiap), which means “quiet” in Thai.

18- Quiet

Thai adjective: เงียบ (ngîiap)

Yím bpen khon ngîiap-ngîiap
“Yim is a quiet person.”

Opposite word: เสียงดัง (sǐiang dang), which means “loud” in Thai.

19- Confident

Thai adjective: มั่นใจ (mân-jai)

Phâaw bpen khon mân-jai nai dton-eeng
“My father is confident in himself.”

20- Shy

Thai adjective: ขี้อาย (khîi-aai)

ตอนเด็ก ๆ ฉันเป็นคนขี้อายมาก
Dtaawn dèk-dèk chǎn bpen khon khîi-aai mâak
“I was very shy when I was young.”

21- Happy

Thai adjective: มีความสุข (mii khwaam-sùk)

Thooe mii khwaam-sùk yùu sà-mǒoe
“She is always happy.”

Opposite word: เศร้า (sâo), which means “sad” in Thai.

22- Sad

Thai adjective: เศร้า (sâo)

Daa sâo thîi sàt-líiang khǎawng thooe dtaai
“Daa is sad that her pet died.”

Opposite word: มีความสุข (mii khwaam-sùk), which means “happy” in Thai.

23- Moody

Thai adjective: หงุดหงิด (ngùt-ngìt)

Wan-níi mín ngùt-ngìt tháng-wan looei
“Min has been moody all day.”

Opposite word: ร่าเริง (râa-rooeng), which means “cheerful” in Thai.

24- Lonely

Thai adjective: เหงา (ngǎo)

ฉันอยู่คนเดียวมาหลายวันแล้ว เหงามาก
Chǎn yùu khon-diiao maa lǎai wan láaeo ngǎo mâak
“I have been alone for many days. I’m so lonely.”

25- Cheerful

Thai adjective: ร่าเริง (râa-rooeng)

Nát bpen khon râa-rooeng
“Nat is a cheerful person.”

Opposite word: หงุดหงิด (ngùt-ngìt), which means “moody” in Thai.

26- Concerned

Thai adjective: กังวล (gang-won)

Chûuang-níi ngaan mii bpan-hǎa tham hâi bplaa gang-won
“Recently there is a work problem making Plaa feel concerned.”

6. Thai Adjectives for Describing Speed, Difficulty & Importance

The fifth group of Thai adjectives are words used to describe speed, difficulty, and importance in Thai.

1- Fast

Thai adjective: เร็ว (reo)

Rót khan nán reo mâak
“That car is very fast.”

Opposite word: ช้า (cháa), which means “slow” in Thai.

2- Slow

Thai adjective: ช้า (cháa)

Dtào bpen sàt thîi chûueang-cháa
“The turtle is a slow animal.”

Opposite word: เร็ว (reo), which means “fast” in Thai.

3- Difficult

Thai adjective: ยาก (yâak)

Tham-mai chǎn dâi ngaan yâak dtà-làawt
“Why do I always get difficult tasks?”

Opposite word: ง่าย (ngáai), which means “easy” in Thai.

4- Easy

Thai adjective: ง่าย (ngáai)

Nák-riian châawp gaan-bâan ngâai-ngâai
“Students like easy homework.”

Opposite word: ยาก (yâak), which means “difficult” in Thai.

5- Important

Thai adjective: สำคัญ (sǎm-khan)

เก็บเอกสารสำคัญดี ๆ
Gèp èek-gà-sǎan sǎm-khan dii-dii
“Keep important documents well.”

Opposite word: ไม่สำคัญ (mâi sǎm-khan), which means “unimportant” in Thai.

6- Unimportant

Thai adjective: ไม่สำคัญ (mâi sǎm-khan)

Yàa maawng wâa sùk-khà-phâap bpen rûueang mâi sǎm-khan
“Don’t view health as an unimportant matter.”

Opposite word: สำคัญ (sǎm-khan), which means “important” in Thai.

7. Thai Adjectives for Describing Color

The sixth group of Thai adjectives are those used to describe color in Thai. สี (sǐi) is “color” in Thai, and sometimes Thai people put สี (sǐi) in front of the color name.

1- White

Thai adjective: ขาว (khǎao)

Chǎn châawp sûuea-phâa sǐi khǎao
“I like white clothes.”

2- Black

Thai adjective: ดำ (dam)

Grà-bpǎo dam bai nán sǔuai dii
“That black bag is beautiful.”

3- Purple

Thai adjective: ม่วง (mûuang)

Dàawk-mái sǐi mûuang bplùuk yâak mái
“Is it difficult to grow purple flowers?”

4- Light blue

Thai adjective: ฟ้า (fáa)

Tháawng-fáa bpen sǐi fáa sǔuai mâak wan-níi
“Today, the sky is beautifully light blue.”

5- Dark blue

Thai adjective: น้ำเงิน (nám-ngooen)

Phâaw châawp sǐi nám-ngooen
“My father likes dark blue color.”

6- Green

Thai adjective: เขียว (khǐiao)

Dtôn-mái sǐi khǐiao duu rôm-rûuen
“The green tree looks so shady.”

7- Yellow

Thai adjective: เหลือง (lǔueang)

Mâae châawp dàawk-mái sǐi lǔueang
“My mother likes yellow flowers.”

8- Orange

Thai adjective: ส้ม (sôm)

Khâang nai glàawng sǐi sôm mii à-rai
“What is inside the orange box?”

9- Red

Thai adjective: แดง (daaeng)

Khruu chái bpàak-gaa daaeng dtrùuat gaan-bâan
“Teachers use a red pen to check homework.”

10- Brown

Thai adjective: น้ำตาล (nám-dtaan)

Raawng-tháo sǐi nám-dtaan khûu nán sǔuai dii
“Those brown shoes are beautiful.”

11- Gray

Thai adjective: เทา (thao)

Sài wái nai glàawng thao looei
“Put it in the gray box.”

12- Pink

Thai adjective: ชมพู (chom-phuu)

Khà-nhǒm-khéek sǐi chom-phuu à-ràauy mâak
“Pink cake is very delicious.”

13- Dark

Thai adjective: เข้ม (khêem)

Nǎawng-chaai châawp raawng-tháo sǐi khêem
“My younger brother likes dark shoes.”

Opposite word: อ่อน (àawn), which means “light” in Thai.

14- Light

Thai adjective: อ่อน (àawn)

Náawng-sǎo châawp sǐi chom-phuu àawn
“My younger sister likes light pink.”

Opposite word: เข้ม (khêem), which means “dark” in Thai.

8. Thai Adjectives for Describing Shape & Texture

The seventh group of adjectives are words used to describe shape and texture in Thai.

1- Round

Thai adjective: กลม (glom)

Bpân bpâaeng bpen gâawn glom-glom
“Make the dough in a round shape.”

Opposite word: เหลี่ยม (lìiam), which means “edged” or “square” in Thai.

2- Edged / Square

Thai adjective: เหลี่ยม (lìiam)

ลายเหลี่ยม ๆ ไม่สวยเลย
Laai lìiam-lìiam mâi sǔuai looei
“The edged pattern isn’t beautiful.”

Opposite word: กลม (glom), which means “round” in Thai.

3- Smooth

Thai adjective: เรียบ (rîiap)

Dtó mái dtuua níi phǐu rîiap mâak
“This wood table has a very smooth surface.”

Opposite word: ขรุขระ (khrù-khrà), which means “rough” in Thai.

4- Rough

Thai adjective: ขรุขระ (khrù-khrà)

ถนนขรุขระ ขับรถดี ๆ
Thà-nǒn khrù-khrà khàp rót dii-dii
“The road is rough, so drive carefully.”

Opposite word: เรียบ (rîiap), which means “smooth” in Thai.

9. Thai Food Adjectives: Describing Taste

The eighth group of adjectives are words used to describe food in Thai. รส (rót) or รสชาติ (rót-châat) is “taste” in Thai language.

1- Bland

Thai adjective: จืด (jùuet)

น้ำแกงจืดมาก ลืมใส่ซีอิ๊วรึเปล่า
Nám-gaaeng jùuet mâak luuem sài sii-íu rúe bplào
“The soup is so bland. Did you forget to put in soy sauce?”

2- Salty

Thai adjective: เค็ม (khem)

Gài thâawt níi khem gam-lang dii looei
“This fried chicken is perfectly salty.”

3- Sweet

Thai adjective: หวาน (wǎan)

Aa-hǎan jaan níi dtâawng wǎan nít-nàauy thǔeng jà à-ràauy
“This food must be a little sweet to be delicious.”

4- Oily

Thai adjective: มัน (man)

Mâae mâi châawp aa-hǎan man-man
“My mother doesn’t like oily food.”

5- Sour

Thai adjective: เปรี้ยว (bprîiao)

Ai-dtim rót níi wǎan om bprîiao gam-lang dii
“This ice cream has a perfectly sweet and sour flavor.”

6- Spicy

Thai adjective: เผ็ด (phèt)

Khon thai châawp aa-hǎan rót phèt
“Thai people like spicy food.”

7- Bitter

Thai adjective: ขม (khǒm)

เด็ก ๆ ไม่ชอบยาเพราะขม
Dèk-dèk mâi châawp yaa phráw khǒm
“Children don’t like medicine because it is bitter.”

8- Delicious

Thai adjective: อร่อย (à-ràauy)

Khà-nǒm khǎawng mâae à-ràauy mâak
“My mother’s snack is very delicious.”

Opposite word: ไม่อร่อย (mâi à-ràauy), which means “not delicious” in Thai.

9- กลมกล่อม

Thai adjective: กลมกล่อม (glom-glàawm)

Meaning: Perfectly balanced taste, usually used to describe delicious food.

Gaaeng níi à-ràauy glom-glàawm mâak
“This curry has a perfectly balanced taste, very delicious.”

Is this Delicious?

10. Thai Adjectives for Describing Situations

The ninth group of adjectives are words used to describe situations in Thai.

1- Fun

Thai adjective: สนุก (sà-nùk)

Ngaan-líiang sà-nùk mâak
“Parties are very fun.”

Opposite word: น่าเบื่อ (nâa-bùuea), which means “boring” in Thai.

Fun Party

2- Boring

Thai adjective: น่าเบื่อ (nâa-bùuea)

Phâaw bàawk wâa bpai súue-khǎawng bpen gìt-jà-gam nâa-bùuea
“My father said ‘shopping is a boring activity.’”

Opposite word: สนุก (sà-nùk), which means “fun” in Thai.

3- Dangerous

Thai adjective: อันตราย (an-dtà-raai)

กลางคืนอย่าออกไปไหนคนเดียว อันตราย
Glaang-khuuen yàa àawk bpai nǎi khon diiao an-dtà-raai
“Don’t go out alone at night. It is dangerous.”

Opposite word: ปลอดภัย (bplàawt-phai), which means “safe” in Thai.

4- Safe

Thai adjective: ปลอดภัย (bplàawt-phai)

Sài mùuak-gan-náwk phûuea khwaam bplàawt-phai
“Wear a helmet for safety.”

Opposite word: อันตราย (an-dtà-raai), which means “dangerous” in Thai.

5- Weird

Thai adjective: แปลก (bplàaek)

Gâaem tham thâa-thaang bplàaek-bplàaek
“Gaaem is acting weird.”

6- Awkward

Thai adjective: อึดอัด (ùet-àt)

Chǎn rúu-sùek ùet-àt wee-laa dtâawng tham-ngan gàp khon-bplàaek-nâa
“I feel awkward when I have to work with strangers.”

7- Wonderful

Thai adjective: ยอดเยี่ยม (yâawt-yîiam)

การแสดงนี้ยอดเยี่ยมสุด ๆ
Gaan sà-daaeng níi yâawt-yîiam sùt-sùt
“This show is extremely wonderful.”

11. Describing Physical Traits, Conditions & Appearance

The last group of Thai adjectives you should learn are words used to describe a person in Thai.

1- Young (male)

Thai adjective: หนุ่ม (nùm)

ยังหนุ่มอยู่แท้ ๆ แต่ร่างกายกลับอ่อนแอ
Yang nùm yùu tháae-tháae dtàae râang-gaai glàp àawn-aae
“Despite being young, he is weak.”

Opposite word: แก่ (gàae), which means “old” in Thai.

2- Young (female)

Thai adjective: สาว (sǎao)

Yǐng-sǎao phûuak níi sǔuai mâak
“These young women are very beautiful.”

Opposite word: แก่ (gàae), which means “old” in Thai.

3- Old

Thai adjective: แก่ (gàae)

Yaai khǎawng chǎn gàae mâak láaeo
“My grandmother is very old now.”

Opposite word: หนุ่ม (nùm) and สาว (sǎao), which mean “young” in Thai.

4- Strong

Thai adjective: แข็งแรง (khǎaeng-raaeng)

ถึงเขาจะตัวเล็ก แต่แข็งแรงมาก
Thǔeng khǎo jà dtuua lék dtàae khǎaeng-raaeng mâak
“Despite being small, he is very strong.”

Opposite word: อ่อนแอ (àawn-aae), which means “weak” in Thai.

5- Weak

Thai adjective: อ่อนแอ (àawn-aae)

Chǎn àawk-gam-lang-gaai phráw mâi yàak râang-gaai àawn-aae
“I exercise because I don’t want to be weak.”

Opposite word: แข็งแรง (khǎaeng-raaeng), which means “strong” in Thai.

6- Rich

Thai adjective: รวย (ruuai)

Ôn ruuai mâak
“On is very rich.”

Opposite word: จน (jon), which means “poor” in Thai.

7- Poor

Thai adjective: จน (jon)

Chǎn mâi yàak jon
“I don’t want to be poor.”

Opposite word: รวย (ruuai), which means “rich” in Thai.

8- Charming

Thai adjective: มีเสน่ห์ (mii sà-nèe)

Phâaw bphen khon mii sà-nèe
“My father is a charming guy.”

9- Beautiful

Thai adjective: สวย (sǔuai)

Daa-raa khon nán sǔuai mâak
“That celebrity is very beautiful.”

Opposite word: น่าเกลียด (nâa-glìiat), which means “ugly” in Thai.

10- Handsome

Thai adjective: หล่อ (làaw)

ใคร ๆ ก็ชอบคนหล่อ
Khrai-khrai gâaw châawp khon làaw
“Everyone likes handsome people.”

Opposite word: น่าเกลียด (nâa-glìiat), which means “ugly” in Thai.

11- Cute

Thai adjective: น่ารัก (nâa-rák)

เด็กคนนั้นน่าตาน่ารักมาก ๆ
Dèk khon nán nâa-dtaa nâa-rák mâak-mâak
“That child looks very cute.”

Opposite word: น่าเกลียด (nâa-glìiat), which means “ugly” in Thai.

12- Ugly

Thai adjective: น่าเกลียด (nâa-glìiat)

Wee-laa thooe tham nâa bàaep nán duu nâa-glìiat mâak
“She looks very ugly when she makes that face.”

Opposite word: หล่อ (làaw), สวย (sǔuai), and น่ารัก (nâa-rák), which mean “handsome,” “beautiful,” and “cute” respectively in Thai.

13- Fat

Thai adjective: อ้วน (ûuan)

Thâa gin khǎawng-thâawt mâak gooen bpai jà tham hâi ûuan
“Eating too much fried food will make you fat.”

Opposite word: ผอม (phǎawm), which means “thin” in Thai.

14- Thin

Thai adjective: ผอม (phǎawm)

Jaaem phǎawm gooen bpai jon duu sùk-khà-phâap mâi dii
“Jam is too thin to the point she looks unhealthy.”

Opposite word: อ้วน (ûuan), which means “fat” in Thai.

12. Conclusion

Congratulations! Reaching this part of the lesson means you’ve already learned more than 100 Thai adjectives. How do you feel? Did you have fun learning Thai adjectives? You may feel a bit overwhelmed since there’s a lot to remember.

However, there’s no need to rush. You can try to remember a few Thai adjectives a day. Within a month or two, you’ll be able to remember them all. Try using them a lot in conversation and remember adjectives in Thai phrases to make it even easier. Also, you should remember Thai adjectives in pairs if they have an opposite word. So keep practicing.

And as always, don’t forget to check out other fun lessons at, such as travel phrases you should know or important days in Thailand, once you’ve finished learning Thai adjectives.

Happy learning!

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Netflix Thailand: Watch Good Thai Movies to Learn Thai


Despite your willingness to learn the Thai language, traditional learning methods such as reading books and memorizing new vocabulary can be extremely boring. What’s a better way to learn the Thai language? As you may have guessed, watching Thai movies or shows on Netflix (Thailand) is the best way to do so. You can watch Thai Netflix on the app or on your web browser. Even better? The Thai Netflix price is very cheap, as low as 105 Baht/month.

Now, you may wonder if you’ll be able to understand what you’re watching if you’ve just started learning Thai. Does Netflix have Thai subtitles? The answer is yes! And even if you can’t read Thai yet, watching Thai Netflix series or Thai Netflix movies is still good practice for Thai learners.

On Netflix, Thai language movies can introduce you to Thai accents, which in turn can improve your listening and speaking skills. Also, if you can read some Thai, reading Thai subtitles on Netflix will surely improve your reading skills. Moreover, you get to learn more about how Thai people live their daily lives in context of Thai culture.

There are a lot of Thai movies and Thai TV series on Netflix. To get the most out of the time you spend watching, be sure to choose one that fits your tastes the most. If you’re a fan of Netflix Original Series, you’ll have to wait a while, though, as Thai Netflix Original Series are just now being filmed. And as for Thai TV shows on Netflix, there are currently none available; but hopefully, Netflix will decide to put some in.

We understand that you may have no idea where to start on Thai Netflix, so will help you by providing the best Netflix Thailand movie list for Thai learners, including new Thai movies on Netflix 2019!

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Table of Contents

  1. Bangkok Traffic Love Story
  2. Suddenly Twenty
  3. Suckseed
  4. Mae Bia
  5. Nang Nak
  6. Bangrajan
  7. Ong Bak
  8. Hormones
  9. Stupid Cupid
  10. Diary of Tootsies
  11. Conclusion

1. Bangkok Traffic Love Story

Best Ways to Learn

Thai title: รถไฟฟ้ามาหานะเธอ (rót-fai-fáa maa hǎa ná thooe)

Movie information:

This is one of the best romantic Thai movies on Netflix. It portrays the story of an average Chinese-Thai office lady who falls in love with a BTS sky train engineer.

Because of this movie, ท้องฟ้าจำลอง (tháawng-fáa jam-laawng), or Bangkok Planetarium, became a popular place for couples to go on dates. The male leading actor is Ken Teeradech, and the female leading actor is Cris Howang.

Movie quotes:

1- แฟนเค้าไม่ได้มีเพื่ออยู่ด้วยกันตลอดเวลา แต่มีเพื่อให้รู้ว่า ยังมีคนที่รักและเป็นห่วงเรา

Thai pronunciation: faaen kháo mâi dâi mii phûuea yùu dûuai gan dtà-làawt wee-laa dtàae mii phûuea hâi rúu wâa yang mii khon thîi rák láe bpen hùuang rao

English meaning: “We are not in a relationship so that we have someone with us all the time, but so that we have someone who loves and cares about us.”

2- ตอนแรกก็ว่าจะไม่คิด แต่มันฝืนความรู้สึกไม่ได้จริงๆ

Thai pronunciation: dtaawn-râaek gâaw wâa jà mâi khít dtàae man fǔuen khwaam-rúu-sùek mâi dâi jing jing

English meaning: “I didn’t mean to at first, but I can’t help my feelings.”

3- ถ้าเป็นหนังรักทั่วไป มันต้องทันไม่ใช่หรอ

Thai pronunciation: thâa bpen nǎng rák thûua-bpai man dtâawng than mâi châi rǒoe

English meaning: “If this is a normal love story, should I be there in time?”

2. Suddenly Twenty

Thai title: 20 ใหม่ ยูเทิร์นวัย หัวใจรีเทิร์น (yîi-sìp mài yuu-thooen wai hǔua-jai rii-thooen)

Movie information:

This is a comedy, romance, and Thai Netflix drama, remade from the Korean and Chinese movies. It’s the story of a 74-year-old grandmother who’s very stubborn and seems unable to get along with her family. Her family plans to send her to a nursing home, but miraculously, her body becomes twenty again. So she decides to use this chance to live her life and build a good relationship with her family again.

In this Thai Netflix movie, you’ll get to see how old people talk compared to the younger generation. The leading actress is Mai Davika.

This is one of the Thai films on Netflix that you shouldn’t miss!

Movie quote: The question and answer shown below are the core of this movie.

1- ถ้าย้อนเวลากลับไปได้ คุณจะใช้ชีวิตแบบใด จะใช้เวลาอย่างไร จะทำอะไรที่ใจอยากทำแต่ไม่ได้ทำ ใช่หรือเปล่า?

Thai pronunciation: thâa yáawn wee-laa glàp bpai dâi khun jà chái chii wít bàaeb dai jà chái wee-laa yàang-rai jà tham à-rai thîi jai yàak tham dtàae mâi dâi tham châi rǔue bplào

English meaning: “If you could turn back time, how would you live your life? How would you spend your time? Would you do things you wanted to do, but didn’t get to do in the past?”

2- ถ้าย้อนเวลากลับไปได้ ฉันก็จะทำเหมือนเดิม

Thai pronunciation: thâa yáawn wee-laa glàp bpai dâi chǎn gâaw jà tham mǔuean-dooem

English meaning: “If I could turn back time, I would still do the same.”

3. Suckseed

Thai title: ซักซี๊ด ห่วยขั้นเทพ (sák-síit hùuai khân thêep)

Movie information:

This Thai Netflix movie is in the romantic-comedy genre, portraying the lives of youngsters.

A boy who’s clueless about everything music-related learns much about it from his first love. Sadly, they eventually have to be separated from each other. Despite being terrible at everything, in twelfth grade, Ped plans to sign up for a famous music contest called the Hot Wave Music Award.

The name of this movie reflects the male leading character and his journey from sucking at everything to actually succeeding. The movie itself was not bad in terms of revenue and public comment, and the original soundtrack is pretty famous.

If you’re looking for a great feel-good movie, this is one of the best Thai movies on Netflix for you!

Movie quotes:

1- เวลาฟังเพลง จะรู้สึกว่ามีเพื่อน

Thai pronunciation: wee-laa fang phleeng jà rúu-sùek wâa mii phûuean

English meaning: “When I listen to music, I feel like I have a friend with me.”

2- นี่มันยุคของเราแล้ว

Thai pronunciation: nîi man yúk khǎawng rao láaeo

English meaning: “It is our time now.”

3- เราก็ยังเหมือนเดิม

Thai pronunciation: rao gâaw yang mǔuean-dooem

English meaning: “I’m also the same.”

4. Mae Bia

Thai title: แม่เบี้ย (mâae bîia)

Movie information:

Mae Bia is one of the best Thai movies Netflix has right now, and people pay a lot of attention to this one because it’s a drama-erotic movie. The story involves old Thai-styled houses, cobras, supernatural events, and a romantic relationship—these elements together made for an S.E.A. writing award-winning movie! And as this story happens in สุพรรณบุรี (sù-phan-bù-rii), you’ll get to hear another local dialect which has a slightly different tone compared to how Thai people normally speak.

The male actor of this movie is very famous, and acts very well. For those who love this kind of story, luckily, this Thai movie is on Netflix now.

Movie quotes:

1- เรื่องของผู้หญิงผู้ชาย ไม่มีอะไรที่เป็นไปไม่ได้

Thai pronunciation: rûueang khǎawng phûu-yǐng phûu-chaai mâi mii à-rai thîi bpen bpai mâi dâi

English meaning: “There is nothing impossible when it comes to things between man and woman.”

5. Nang Nak

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Thai title: นางนาก (naang nâak)

Movie information:

Thai people love the horror genre, and do it well in their movies. And when speaking of horror stories, every Thai knows the story of นางนาก (naang nâak). It’s the story of a woman who died while giving birth to her child, and waited as a ghost for her husband to come back from war.

Since this story is so famous, it has been made into TV series, movies, and musicals many times. However, this version is said to be the scariest, and it’s one of the very best Netflix Thai horror movies! If you like horror stories, don’t miss this Thai horror movie on Netflix. Many people have said that it’s the scariest movie they’ve ever seen.

The main female actress, Sai, is very famous for her action in horror films. Also, as this story is believed to have happened more than a hundred years ago, you’ll get to see how Thai people lived and spoke in the past.

Movie quotes:

1- พี่มากขา

Thai pronunciation: phîi mâak khǎa

English meaning: There is no English meaning. This is just what นางนาก (naang-nâak) calls her husband.

2- ฉันมารอพี่ที่ท่าน้ำทุกวันเลยนะ

Thai pronunciation: chǎn maa raaw phîi thîi thâa-nám thúk wan looei ná

English meaning: “I have been coming to the dock every day to wait for you.”

6. Bangrajan

Genres of Movies

Thai title: บางระจัน (baang-rá-jan)

Movie information:

If you like historical movies, don’t miss บางระจัน (baang-rá-jan). It portrays the story of people in หมู่บ้านบางระจัน (mùu-bâan baang-rá-jan), or Bangrajan Village, who help prolong the end of อยุธยา (à-yút-thá-yaa). Despite losing the fight in the end, people in this village are known as Thai heroes.

It was a very successful movie that made both the leading actor and actress very popular. Similar to นางนาก (naang nâak), you’ll get to see how Thai people lived and spoke in the past, as this story happened over 200 years ago. Definitely a great Thai film Netflix currently has for history-lovers!


Movie quote:

The most touching expression of this movie is below. It shows the sacrifice of people for their homeland, as well as their love for family.

1- หากวันข้างหน้าข้าไม่ได้สั่งสอนมัน เอ็งจงบอกมันว่าข้าไม่ได้จากไปไหน ข้าจักอยู่ในผืนดิน ในต้นไม้ ในสายน้ำ ข้าจักเป็นคนคอยคุ้มหัวมันเอง

Thai pronunciation: hàak wan khâang nâa khâa mâi dâi sàng-sǎawn man eng jong bàawk man wâa khâa mâi dâi jàak bpai nǎi khâa jàk yùu nai phǔuen-din nai dtôn-mái nai sǎai-nám khâa jàk bpen khon khaauy khúm-hǔua man eeng

English meaning: “If in the future, I don’t get a chance to teach our child, you must tell them that I didn’t go away from them. I am in the land, in the tree, in the river. I will protect them.”

7. Ong Bak

Thai title: องค์บาก (ong-bàak)

Movie information:

This is one of the most famous Thai action Netflix films. It’s the story of two men trying to take the stolen head of Buddha back. The action scenes are said to be very good and thrilling. As the main character is from northeast Thailand, you’ll get to hear ภาษาอีสาน (phaa-sǎa ii-sǎan), which is the Thai Northeast dialect.

This was a successful movie, and has been made into three films. If you want to watch a Muay Thai movie on Netflix, you absolutely can’t miss this one.

Movie quotes:

1- ช้างกูอยู่ไหน

Thai pronunciation: cháang guu yùu nǎi

English meaning: “Where is my elephant?”

Muay Thai

8. Hormones

Thai title: Hormones วัยว้าวุ่น (Hormones wai wáa-wûn)

Series information:

This Netflix Thai series shows the story of teenagers in high school. It reflects real-life problems that young people face, especially those that have to do with romantic relationships, sex, abuse in school, drugs, family problems, etc. It was one of the first Thai series on Netflix to focus on multiple points of view, and not just on romantic relationships like most Thai series.

This series is so successful that it’s continuing for a third season.

Series quotes:

1- มันเป็นธรรมเนียมที่ทำต่อๆ กันมา

Thai pronunciation: man bpen tham-niiam thîi tham dtàaw dtàaw gan maa

English meaning: “It is the tradition that people have been doing from generation to generation.”

2- เพราะมันไม่ใช่คำตอบที่พวกเธอถูกใจรึเปล่า?

Thai pronunciation: phráw man mâi châi kham-dtàawp thîi phûuak thooe thùuk jai rúe bplào

English meaning: “Isn’t it because it is not the answer you like?”

3- คนอย่างพวกเธอใช้ชีวิตทำโน่นนี่ตามผู้ใหญ่ โดยที่ไม่มีใครเคยตั้งคำถาม

Thai pronunciation: khon yàang phûuak thooe chái chii-wít tham nôon tham nîi dtaam phûu-yài dooi thîi mâi mii khrai khooei dtâng kham-thǎam

English meaning: “People like you like to live doing what adults say without asking questions.”

4- ครูไม่ชอบระบบและคน แต่สิ่งที่ทำให้ครูมีความสุขคือนักเรียน

Thai pronunciation: khruu mâi châawp rá-bòp láe khon dtàae sìng thîi tham hâi khruu mii khwaam-sùk khuue nák-riian

English meaning: “I (teacher) don’t like systems or people. But students make me happy.”

Teacher & Student

9. Stupid Cupid

Thai title: น้ำตากามเทพ (nám-dtaa gaam-má-thêep)

Series information:

This is another Netflix Thai drama you shouldn’t miss, a melodrama series starring famous actor Sunny. It’s the story of a rich family, and covers themes such as arranged marriage in Thailand and no-so-good relationships between family members.

Actually, this was a short drama shown in the movie Bangkok Traffic Love Story. But with the good response from viewers due to its ironic context, it has been made into a TV series. This is currently one of the best Thai dramas on Netflix, and many people love it because it’s fun to watch.

Series quotes:

1- ถ้าจะพูดอย่างนี้ ด่าว่าควายเลยดีกว่ามั๊ย

Thai pronunciation: thâa jà phûut yàang níi dàa wâa khwaai looei dii gwàa mái

English meaning: “If you spoke like that, you should have berated me as a buffalo.” (stupid)

2- ตอแหล

Thai pronunciation: dtaaw-lǎae

English meaning: “Liar”

10. Diary of Tootsies

Thai title: ไดอารี่ ตุ๊ดซี่ (dai-aa-rîi dtút-sîi)

Series information:

This is a Thai comedy Netflix series based on the story บันทึกของตุ๊ด (ban-thúek khǎawng dtút) of Sha, a famous LGBT Thai person. It’s the story of a group of LGBT friends who all get dumped at the same time and decide to find their true love. This series is quite successful and has gained a lot of attention. In 2019, both a second season and movie are going to be released. This is yet another Thai series on Netflix you shouldn’t miss.

In terms of Thai language, this show will give you a unique glimpse into slang often used by the LGBTQ community in Thailand, as well some swear words.

Series quotes:

Here’s a quote from the show that went viral at the time. Many people use this scene to give their own sarcastic message on almost any topic, from politics to relationships.

1- กูจะขี้ใส่อะไรก็ได้

Thai pronunciation: guu jà khîi sài à-rai gâaw dâi

English meaning: “I can defecate on anything.”

2- แต่มึงจะขี้ใส่ Louis Vuitton ไม่ได้

Thai pronunciation: dtàae mueng jà khîi sài Louis Vuitton mâi dâi

English meaning: “But you cannot defecate on Louis Vuitton.”

11. Conclusion

How many movies or Thai Netflix series here fit your tastes? We hope you decided to try watching many of them! And once you’ve watched one of these movies or series, please leave a comment below to tell us what you thought about it!

By now, you should have a better idea of how to learn Thai on Netflix and how to watch Thai Netflix for maximum enjoyment and learning!

As mentioned before, we believe that watching Netflix movies with Thai subtitles is a great way for you to learn Thai, since it’s enjoyable and will help you improve your Thai speaking skills. If you don’t understand what an actor or actress said, don’t give up just yet. It will take some time for you to be able to understand.

If you want to learn another Thai lesson, visit We have various topics to choose from, such as delicious Thai fruit and activities in summer in Thailand. And if you want to watch more Thai content, go check out our Thai TV show article.

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Best Guide to Learn Connecting Words in Thai


Knowing Thai conjunction words enables you to communicate clearly and also makes your conversation sound smooth. Thus, connecting words in Thai are an important aspect of the Thai language. By learning them, you’ll be able to communicate like a native.

To help you master your Thai conjunctions, we’ll outline several key points in this article:

  • Thai conjunctions definition
  • A Thai conjunctions list with detailed explanations of each one
  • Thai conjunctions in sentences and how to use them

Are you ready to learn Thai conjunctions? Let’s get started!

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Table of Contents

  1. Conjunctions in Thai
  2. Thai Conjunctions Used to Link Sentences with Similar Meanings
  3. Thai Conjunctions Used to Express Opposition
  4. Thai Conjunctions Used to Express Alternatives
  5. Thai Conjunctions Used to Link Cause and Result
  6. How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Grammar

1. Conjunctions in Thai

Sentence Patterns

Let’s start this lesson with some basic knowledge about Thai conjunctions. Below we’ll explain their definition and functions, and the types of Thai conjunctions. And if you’re asking yourself “What are Thai linking words in writing?” you’ll find the answer here as well.

คำสันธาน (kham sǎn-thaan) is “conjunction” in Thai. Thai people use conjunctions to link sentences, which helps them convey their message through communication better. In order words, Thai conjunctions help shorten sentences or phrases, and makes them sound smoother.

There are four types of Thai language conjunctions, categorized by their functions. Each of them will be explained in detail with examples, as follows.

2. Thai Conjunctions Used to Link Sentences with Similar Meanings

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The first type of Thai conjunction in our list of Thai conjunctions is คำสันธานที่เชื่อมความคล้อยตามกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam khwaam khláauy dtaam gan). This type of conjunction is used to link sentences or phrases with same-directioned meaning. Here are list of Thai conjunctions used to link sentences with similar meaning that you should know;

1- “And”

Thai: ละ (láe); กับ (gàp)

Usage: The Thai coordinating conjunctions และ (láe) and กับ (gàp) are used to link sentences that have similar meanings. Most of the time, the pattern used is noun + และ (láe), กับ (gàp) + noun or phrase + และ (láe), กับ (gàp) + phrase.

Example 1:

  • พ่อและแม่ชอบกินก๋วยเตี๋ยว
  • Phâaw láe mâae châawp gin gǔuai-dtǐiao
  • “Father and mother like noodles.”

Example 2:

  • ฉันเอาข้าวผัดกับไข่ดาว
  • Chǎn ao khâao phàt gàp khài daao
  • “I want fried rice and fried egg.”

Additional note: และ (láe) and กับ (gàp) are Thai linking words with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other.

2- “Both…and…”

Thai: ทั้ง…และ… (tháng…láe…)

Usage: The Thai correlative conjunction ทั้ง…และ… (tháng…láe…) is always used as it is here, with both words. Its meaning and usage is the same as it is in English.


  • ทั้งพี่ชายและน้องสาวชอบกินขนมปัง
  • Tháng phîi-chaai láe náawng-sǎao châawp gin khà-nǒm-bpang
  • Both the older brother and the younger sister like to eat bread.”

Delicious Bread

3- “After…, …”

Thai: …แล้ว… (…láaeo…); พอ…แล้ว… (phaaw…láaeo…)

Usage: The Thai subordinating conjunctions …แล้ว… (…láaeo…) and พอ…แล้ว… (phaaw…láaeo…) are both used as a word that links sentences, explaining two actions that happen continuously. The patterns of sentences using this Thai conjunction are listed below:

  • [Sentence of action that happens first] + แล้ว (láaeo) + [sentence of action that happens later]
  • พอ (phaaw) + [sentence of action that happens first] + แล้ว (láaeo) + [sentence of action that happens later]

Example 1:

  • กินข้าวแล้วค่อยกินยา
  • Gin khâao láaeo khâauy gin yaa
  • “Take the medicine after the meal.”

Take Medicine After Meal

Example 2:

  • พออาบน้ำแล้วฉันก็นอนเลย
  • Phaaw àap-nám láaeo chǎn gâaw naawn looei
  • “After taking a bath, I went straight to bed.”

Additional note: …แล้ว… (…láaeo…) and พอ…แล้ว… (phaaw…láaeo…) are Thai linking words with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other.

3. Thai Conjunctions Used to Express Opposition

The second type of Thai conjunction is คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความขัดแย้งกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam khàt-yáaeng gan). This type of conjunction is used to link sentences or phrases with opposing meanings. Here is our list of Thai conjunctions used to express opposition that you should know.

1- “But”

Thai: แต่ (dtàae); แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa)

Usage: The Thai coordinating conjunctions แต่ (dtàae) and แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa) are used to link sentences that have opposing meanings. The pattern that’s normally used is sentence + แต่ (dtàae) or แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa) + sentence.

Example 1:

  • ฉันชอบสีฟ้าแต่พี่สาวชอบสีแดง
  • Chǎn châawp sǐi fáa dtàae phîi-sǎao châawp sǐi daaeng
  • “I like blue, but my older sister likes red.”

Favorite Color

Example 2:

  • เพื่อนของฉันเก่งเลขมากแต่ว่าอ่อนภาษาอังกฤษ
  • Phûuean khǎawng chǎn gèeng lêek mâak dtàae-wâa àawn phaa-sǎa ang-grìt
  • “My friend is very good at Math but bad at English.”

Additional note: แต่ (dtàae) and แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa) are Thai conjunctions with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other. Also, แต่ (dtàae) and แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa) can also be translated as “yet” in Thai.

2- “However”

Thai: อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam)

Usage: The subordinating conjunction อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam) is used to link sentences with opposing meanings. The pattern that’s normally used is sentence + อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam) + sentence.

Example 1:

  • วันนี้อากาศมีมลพิษมาก อย่างไรก็ตาม หลายคนยังไม่ใส่หน้ากากเมื่อออกไปข้างนอก
  • Wan-níi aa-gàat mii mon-lá-phít mâak yàang-rai gâaw dtaam lǎai khon yang mâi sài nâa-gàak mûuea àawk bpai khâang-nâawk
  • “Today, air pollution is very bad. However, many people don’t wear facial masks when they go outside.”

Additional note: The meanings of แต่ (dtàae), แต่ว่า (dtàae-wâa), and อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam) are pretty much the same. However, Thai people use อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam) in more formal situations.

3- “Although” / “Despite” / “In spite of”

Thai: ทั้ง ๆ ที่…(แต่)… (tháng-tháng-thîi…[dtàae]…)

Usage: The subordinating conjunction ทั้ง ๆ ที่…(แต่)… (tháng-tháng-thîi…[dtàae]…) is used to link sentences or phrases with opposing meanings. There are two ways to use this Thai conjunction. You can either put แต่ (dtàae) between the sentences or skip it. The pattern that’s normally used is ทั้ง ๆ ที่ (tháng-tháng-thîi) + sentence + (แต่ [dtàae]) + sentence.

Example 1:

  • ทั้ง ๆ ที่เธอสวยมาก แต่เธอกลับไม่เคยมีแฟนเลย
  • Tháng-tháng-thîi thooe sǔuai mâak dtàae thooe glàp mâi khooei mii faaen looei
  • Despite being so beautiful, she’s never had a boyfriend before.”

Example 2:

  • ทั้ง ๆ ที่อากาศหนาว เขายังกินไอศครีมอีก
  • Tháng-tháng-thîi aa-gàat nǎao khǎo yang gin ai-sà-khriim ìik
  • In spite of cold weather, he still eats ice cream.”

4- “By the time…, …”

Thai: กว่า…ก็… (gwàa..gâaw…)

Usage: The Thai conjunction กว่า…ก็… (gwàa..gâaw…) is used to link sentences and phrases (or a sentence and another sentence) with opposing meanings. This Thai connecting word in English is like “by the time…, …” and is used the same way. The patterns that are normally used are as follows:

  • กว่า (gwàa) + sentence + ก็ (gâaw) + phrase
  • กว่า (gwàa) + sentence + subject of second sentence + ก็ (gâaw) + the rest of second sentence

Example 1:

  • กว่าเธอจะทำการบ้านเสร็จ ก็ถึงเวลานอนพอดี
  • Gwàa thooe jà tham gaan-bâan sèt gâaw thǔeng wee-laa naawn phaaw-dii
  • By the time she finishes her homework, it will be her bedtime.”

Example 2:

  • กว่าเธอจะพร้อมมาช่วยฉัน ฉันก็คงทำเสร็จไปแล้ว
  • Gwàa thooe jà phráawm maa chûuai chǎn chǎn gâaw khong tham sèt bpai láaeo
  • By the time you’re ready to help me, I will have already finished it.”

4. Thai Conjunctions Used to Express Alternatives

The third type of Thai conjunction is คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความให้เลือกอย่างใดอย่างหนึ่ง (kham sǎn- thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam hâi lûueak yàang dai yàang nùeng). This type of conjunction is used to link alternatives. Here is our list of Thai conjunctions in English used to express alternatives that you should know.

1- “Or”

Thai: หรือ (rǔue)

Usage: The Thai coordinating conjunction หรือ (rǔue) is used to show alternatives. The pattern that’s normally used is alternative 1 + หรือ (rǔue) + alternative 2.

Example :

  • เธอจะกินไข่ต้มหรือไข่เจียว
  • Thooe jà gin khài dtôm rǔue khài jiiao
  • “Do you want a boiled egg or omelette?”

Boiled Egg or Omelette?

2- “Either…or…”

Thai: ไม่…ก็… (mâi…gâaw…); หรือไม่ก็ (rǔue mâi gâaw)

Usage: The Thai correlative conjunctions ไม่…ก็… (mâi…gâaw…) and หรือไม่ก็ (rǔue mâi gâaw) are used to show alternatives. The patterns that are normally used are:

  • ไม่ (mâi) + alternative 1 + ก็ (gâaw) + alternative 2
  • alternative 1 + หรือไม่ก็ (rǔue mâi gâaw) + alternative 2

Example 1:

  • พรุ่งนี้น้องชายต้องใส่เสื้อไม่สีขาวก็สีฟ้า
  • Phrûng-níi náawng chaai dtâawng sài sûuea mâi sǐi khǎao gâww sǐi fáa
  • “Tomorrow, my younger brother has to wear either a white or blue shirt.”

Example 2:

  • ฉันอยากเลี้ยงปลาหรือไม่ก็กระต่าย
  • Chǎn yàak líiang bplaa rǔue mâi gâaw grà-dtàai
  • “I want either a fish or rabbit as my pet.”

My Pet

Additional note: ไม่…ก็… (mâi…gâaw…) and หรือไม่ก็ (rǔue mâi gâaw) are Thai linking words with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other.

3- “Or else” and “Otherwise”

Thai: ไม่อย่างนั้น (mâi yàang nán); ไม่เช่นนั้น (mâi chêen nán); มิฉะนั้น…ก็ (mí chà-nán…gâaw)

Usage: The Thai conjunctions ไม่อย่างนั้น (mâi yàang nán), ไม่เช่นนั้น (mâi chêen nán), and มิฉะนั้น…ก็ (mí chà-nán… gâaw) are used to show forced alternatives. If alternative 1 isn’t chosen, then it will be alternative 2. The patterns that are normally used are:

  • alternative 1 + ไม่อย่างนั้น (mâi yàang nán) + alternative 2
  • alternative 1 + ไม่เช่นนั้น (mâi chêen nán) + alternative 2
  • alternative 1 + มิฉะนั้น (mí chà-nán) + subject of alternative 2, if any + ก็ (gâaw) + the rest of alternative 2

Example 1:

  • นักเรียนต้องออกจากบ้านแต่เช้า ไม่อย่างนั้น จะไปโรงเรียนสาย
  • Nák-riian dtâawng àawk jàak bâan dtàae cháo mâi yàang nán jà bpai roong-riian sǎai
  • “The student has to leave their home early or else they will be late for school.”

Example 2:

  • พนักงานต้องปฏิบัติตามกฎ ไม่เช่นนั้น จะโดนไล่ออก
  • Phá-nák-ngaan dtâawng bpà-dtì-bàt dtaam gòt mâi chêen nán jà doon lâi-àawk
  • “Staff members have to obey the rules, otherwise they will be fired.”

Example 3:

  • คุณต้องตอบกลับภายใน 24 ชั่วโมง มิฉะนั้นก็จะถือว่าสละสิทธิ
  • Khun dtâawng dtàawp glàp phaai nai yîi-sìp-sìi chûua-mong mí chà-nán gâaw jà thǔue wâa sà-là-sìt
  • “You have to reply within 24 hours, or else it’s considered to be a waiver.”

Additional note: Among these three conjunctions, despite having the same meaning, ไม่อย่างนั้น (mâi yàang nán) is the most casual one. Thai people often use ไม่อย่างนั้น (mâi yàang nán) in oral conversations. On the other hand, ไม่เช่นนั้น (mâi chêen nán) and มิฉะนั้น…ก็ (mí chà-nán…gâaw) are more formal, so they’re often used in written language.

5. Thai Conjunctions Used to Link Cause and Result

Improve Listening Part 2

The last type of Thai conjunction is คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความเป็นเหตุเป็นผลกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam bpen hèet bpen phǒn gan). This type of conjunction is used to link sentences that show cause and result together. Here’s our list of Thai conjunctions to link cause and result that you should know.

1- Because

Thai: เพราะ (phráw); เพราะว่า (phráw wâa); ฉะนั้น…จึง… (chà-nán…jueng)

Usage: The Thai subordinating conjunctions เพราะ (phráw), เพราะว่า (phráw wâa), and ฉะนั้น…จึง… (chà-nán…jueng) are used to show the cause and result of an event. The patterns that are normally used are:

  • result + เพราะ (phráw) + cause
  • result +เพราะว่า (phráw wâa) + cause
  • cause + ฉะนั้น (chà-nán) + subject of reason sentence + จึง (jueng) + the rest of reason sentence

Example 1:

  • น้ำสอบตก เพราะ ไม่ตั้งใจเรียน
  • Nám sàawp dtòk phráw mâi dtâng-jai riian
  • “Nam didn’t pass the test because she didn’t pay attention in class.”

Example 2:

  • น้อยไม่สบาย เพราะ ทานอาหารไม่สะอาด
  • Náauy mâi sà-baai phráw thaan aa-hǎan mâi sà-àat
  • “Noi is sick because she eats unhealthy food.”

Example 3:

  • วันนี้อากาศร้อนมาก ฉะนั้น ฉันจึงไม่ออกไปข้างนอก
  • Wan-níi aa-gàat ráawn mâak chà-nán chǎn jueng mâi àawk bpai khâang nâawk
  • Because the weather is very hot today, I decided not to go out.”

Additional note: เพราะ (phráw) and เพราะว่า (phráw-wâa) are Thai linking words with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other. Keep in mind that ฉะนั้น…จึง… (chà-nán…jueng) is normally used in written language.

2- “So,” “Therefore,” and “Thus”

Thai: เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán); ดังนั้น (dang-nán)

Usage: The Thai conjunction words เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán) and ดังนั้น (dang-nán) are used to show the cause and result of an event. The patterns that are normally used are cause + เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán) or ดังนั้น (dang-nán) + result.

Example 1:

  • คุณพ่ออยากสุขภาพแข็งแรง เพราะฉะนั้น ท่านเลยออกกำลังกายทุกวัน
  • Khun phâaw yàak sùk-khà-phâap khǎeng-raaeng phráw chà-nán thâan looei àawk-gam-lang-gaai thúk-wan
  • “My father wants to be healthy so he exercises everyday.”

Example 2:

  • ตรงนี้รถเยอะมาก ดังนั้น ข้ามถนนต้องระวัง
  • Dtrong níi rót yóe mâak dang-nán khâam thà-nǒn dtâawng rá-wang
  • “There are a lot of cars in this area, thus you have to be careful when you cross the road.”

Additional note: เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán) and ดังนั้น (dang-nán) are Thai linking words with the same meaning and can 100% substitute each other.

6. How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Grammar

How are you doing with this topic so far? We hope this topic isn’t too difficult for you!

As you can see, how to use many of these words is similar to doing so in the English language. So with a little practice, you can excel in this in no time. If you know Thai people, try using some of these Thai conjunctions when talking with them! Thai people will find it easier to understand the conversation that way.

If you find that Thai conjunctions are very different from those in your native language, or you’re just having some difficulty with them, let us know in the comments!

And after finishing this lesson, you should continue learning with another enjoyable lesson at, such as the numbers 1-10 in Thai or popular food souvenirs. Have fun studying Thai!

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Thai Customs: Best Guide to Etiquette in Thailand


Those who have been to many countries are likely to know that people, despite being the same in many aspects, are different because of culture, customs, and values. Everyone has to eat, sleep, and interact with other people. So how do these actions differ in Thailand, compared to elsewhere?

If you need to interact with Thai people or plan on living in Thailand, knowing about Thailand customs, culture facts, social values, beliefs, and traditions is essential. To fit in with the rest of the Thai population and show respect, you need to know about them, especially Thai culture and etiquette.

In this article, will teach you about Thai etiquette in daily life situations, such as Thai eating etiquette, Thai funeral etiquette, Thai business etiquette, and Thai etiquette for tourists, so you know all the do’s and don’ts in Thailand. Moreover, you’ll get to know more about tradition and culture in Thailand through this lesson.

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Table of Contents

  1. Words about Thai Customs
  2. Useful Sentence Patterns to Discuss General Etiquette in Thailand
  3. Thai Dining Etiquette
  4. Manners and Etiquette in Thailand: Thai Tourist Etiquette
  5. Thai Greeting Etiquette
  6. Thai Guest Etiquette
  7. Thai Etiquette in Public Transportation
  8. Thai Business Etiquette
  9. Thai Etiquette in Various Situations
  10. Conclusion: How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Culture

1. Words about Thai Customs

Before you learn about Thai customs, it will be good to know Thai words related to this topic.

  • ขนบธรรมเนียมไทย (khà-nòp-tham-niiam thai) is “Thai custom” or “Thai tradition”
  • มารยาทไทย (maa-rá-yàat thai) is “Thai etiquette” or “Thai manners”
  • วัฒนธรรมไทย (wát-thá-ná-tham thai) is “Thai culture
  • ความเชื่อไทย (khwaam-chûuea thai) is “Thai belief”
  • ค่านิยมไทย (khâa-ní-yom thai) is “Thai value”
  • สังคมไทย (sǎng-khom thai) is “Thai society”

2. Useful Sentence Patterns to Discuss General Etiquette in Thailand

Let’s learn the sentence patterns you should know when you talk about Thai etiquette and manners. There are two patterns as listed below:

1- Should…

Thai language: ควร + verb

Thai pronunciation: khuuan + …..


  • แขกควรถอดรองเท้าก่อนเข้าบ้านคนไทย
    khàaek khuuan thàawt raawng-tháo gàawn khâo bâan khon thai
    “Guests should take off their shoes before entering a Thai house.”

2- Don’t…

Thai language: อย่า + verb

Thai pronunciation: yàa + …..


  • อย่าจับหัวคนไทยโดยไม่จำเป็น
    yàa jàp hŭua khon thai dooi mâi jam bpen
    “Don’t touch the head of a Thai person unless it’s necessary.”

3. Thai Dining Etiquette


Since eating is part of daily life, we’ll first teach you Thai table manners and dining etiquette in Thailand. Below is a list of things you should and shouldn’t do during a meal with Thai people. As long as you follow these basic rules of eating etiquette in Thailand, you should have a very enjoyable Thai meal.

1- Let elders or people of a higher position eat first.

Thai sentence: ให้คนที่อายุมากกว่าหรือมีตำแหน่งสูงกว่าตักอาหารก่อน

Thai pronunciation: hâi khon thîi aa-yú mâak gwàa rǔue mii dtam-nàaeng sǔung gwàa dtàk aa-hăan gàawn

Explanation: In Thai society, people normally eat together as a big family. Each person has their own plate of rice, but shares side dishes with each other. It’s proper table etiquette in Thailand to let people who are older than you, or people who are in a higher position than you (such as your boss), start eating first. This means that they can pick food from the side dishes first.

2- Set the table for elders.

Thai sentence: จัดโต๊ะอาหารให้คนมีที่อายุมากกว่า

Thai pronunciation: jàt dtó aa-hǎan hâi khon thîi mii aa-yú mâak khwàa

Explanation: As mentioned above, people in Thai society normally eat together. In case the dining table isn’t properly set, the youngest one at the table should be the one who sets it.

3- Don’t speak while chewing.

Thai sentence: อย่าพูดตอนเคี้ยวอาหาร

Thai pronunciation: yàa phûut dtaawn khíiao aa-hǎan

Explanation: Speaking while chewing is considered bad restaurant etiquette in Thailand, and is rude for dining in general. Apart from not looking nice and other people not clearly understanding what’s said, this behavior may make the speaker choke on food. So you shouldn’t do this while dining with Thai people.

4- Don’t make noise when chewing or drinking.

Thai sentence: อย่าทานอาหารหรือดื่มน้ำเสียงดัง

Thai pronunciation: yàa thaan aa-hǎan rǔue dùuem nám sǐiang dang

Explanation: In some countries, making noise when eating shows that you enjoy the food. But in Thailand, it’s viewed as bad etiquette. When you eat in Thailand, avoid making loud noises while eating or drinking.

5- Don’t hit tableware.

Thai sentence: อย่าเคาะช้อนส้อม

Thai pronunciation: yàa kháw cháawn sâawm

Explanation: In the phrase above, its literal meaning only mentions spoons and forks. But actually, Thai people consider hitting all tableware items (such as spoons, forks, chopsticks, etc.) as rude.

6- Don’t talk about gross topics.

Thai sentence: อย่าคุยเรื่องน่าขยะแขยง

Thai pronunciation: yàa khui rûueang nâa khà-yà-khà-yǎaeng

Explanation: During the meal, you shouldn’t talk about something gross, as it will make others lose their appetite.

4. Manners and Etiquette in Thailand: Thai Tourist Etiquette


Thailand is a nice place for traveling. There are many beautiful places to go sightseeing, the food tastes good, and Thai people are very nice. Moreover, the cost of living here isn’t high, so a lot of people enjoy traveling in Thailand.

As a tourist, it’s good to know some Thai manners and customs so that you don’t unintentionally act weird or rude in Thais’ point of view. To help you understand basic social etiquette in Thailand, we’ve provided a list of proper tourist etiquette in Thailand.

There are two main scenarios that we’ll focus on in this section: Basic etiquette in Thailand while in public areas, and how to act in holy places.

1- Thai Etiquette in Public Areas

Sightseeing is a must when you come to Thailand. Most tourists enjoy street food, shopping in the night market, or just seeing around the city. So it’s nice to know what you should and shouldn’t do.

1. No public displays of affection.

Thai sentence: อย่าแสดงความรักในที่สาธารณะมากจนเกินไป

Thai pronunciation: yàa sà-daaeng khwaam-rák nai thîi sǎa-thaa-raa-ná mâak jon gooen bpai

Explanation: In Thai society, some displays of affection between lovers is acceptable, such as holding hands or hugging. But any behavior more than this, such as kissing, isn’t okay. Thai people see it as inappropriate. But displays of affection between parent and child is okay.


2. Be aware not to touch a monk if you’re female.

Thai sentence: ผู้หญิงต้องระวังอย่าให้โดนตัวพระ

Thai pronunciation: phûu-yǐng dtâawng rá-wang yàa hâi doon dtuua phrá

Explanation: Most Thai people are Buddhist, and in Thailand, beliefs and values of Buddhism are quite strong. It’s possible that you may see a monk walking by on the street. For a monk, there’s a rule saying that monks can’t touch a female, regardless of intention.

So if you see a Thai monk, and you’re a female, please uphold proper etiquette in Thailand and avoid being too close; you don’t want to accidentally touch the monk. If you’re walking in a crowded street and don’t know what to do, just stop walking and the monk will avoid you instead.

3. Stand still when you hear the Thai national anthem.

Thai sentence: ยืนตรงเคารพธงชาติ

Thai pronunciation: yuuen dtrong khao-róp thong-châat

Explanation: In some public areas, such as parks, you may hear the Thai national anthem at eight o’clock in the morning and again at six o’clock in the afternoon. When Thai people hear the national anthem, they stand still until the song ends, as a way to pay respect. So if you notice that Thai people have suddenly stopped walking and stand still at these times, it’s probably because of the national anthem.

4. Avoid dressing too short or too sexy.

Thai sentence: อย่าแต่งตัวโป๊

Thai pronunciation: yàa dtàaeng dtuua bpóo

Explanation: In Thailand, values and traditions for women may have changed a lot from the past, but women are still expected to dress properly when going outside. That is, don’t wear short-shorts or short skirts. Not wearing a bra is unacceptable as well. The customs and etiquette in Thailand for men’s dress isn’t as strict as it is for women; just dress with consideration for where you’ll be going.

2. Thai Etiquette in Holy Places

If you come to Thailand, one of the most famous tourist attractions are temples. Temples are viewed as holy places in Thailand, so you’re expected to follow certain cultural etiquette in Thailand when you’re in the temple. Here’s a list of do’s and don’ts for etiquette in Thai temples.

In the Temple

1. Dress properly.

Thai sentence: แต่งกายเรียบร้อย

Thai pronunciation: dtàaeng-gaai rîiap-ráauy

Explanation: It is the etiquette of Thailand to dress properly in the temple, both men and women. A shirt with no sleeves, shorts, and skirts that are shorter than knee-length aren’t appropriate to wear in temples. So if you plan to travel to a temple, please dress properly.

2.Don’t make loud noise.

Bad Phrases

Thai sentence: อย่าส่งเสียงดัง

Thai pronunciation: yàa sòng sǐiang dang

Explanation: Adding to what we mentioned above, temples are also a place where people come to make merit and practice dharma. Thus, temples normally have a calm atmosphere; you shouldn’t make loud noises in the temple.

3. No alcohol or cigarettes.

Thai sentence: ห้ามดื่มเหล้าและสูบบุหรี่

Thai pronunciation: hâam dùuem lâo láe sùup bù-rìi

Explanation: For Buddhists, there’s a behavior guideline called ศีล 5 (sǐin-hâa) which means “5 precepts.” Drinking alcohol and smoking are prohibited behaviors in these five precepts. So you can’t drink or smoke in the temple area. Also keep in mind that drinking and smoking are unhealthy as well.

No Drinking

4. Take off your shoes where required.

Thai sentence: ถอดรองเท้าในบริเวณที่กำหนด

Thai pronunciation: thàawt raawng-tháo nai baaw-rí-ween thîi gam-nòt

Explanation: In some areas, such as in the chapel, you have to take your shoes off. There will be a sign that clearly shows if you have to take your shoes off.

5. Do not take photos.

Thai sentence: ห้ามถ่ายรูป

Thai pronunciation: hâam thàai rûup

Explanation: In some areas of the temple, you’re not allowed to take photos. There will be a sign clearly showing if you’re not allowed to take photos, so please look around.

5. Thai Greeting Etiquette

Our guide of etiquette rules in Thailand wouldn’t be complete without a section on proper greetings.

When people meet, people greet. So if you come to Thailand, it makes sense to learn Thai greeting etiquette. Greetings reflect another unique aspect of culture and etiquette in Thailand, and we’ll explain the main points of greeting etiquette in Thailand as follows:

1- Say sà-wàt-dii + wâi

When Thai people meet each other, they greet by saying สวัสดี (sà-wàt-dii) and perform an action called ไหว้ (wâi). Let’s learn some vocabulary before continuing.

  • ไหว้ (wâi) is a way of greeting in Thai language.
  • สวัสดี (sà-wàt-dii) is “hello” in Thai. The word “hello” in Thai means goodness, beauty, prosperity, and safety.

To ไหว้ (wâi), you have to put your hands together in front of your chest and bend your head toward your forefinger.

2- Smile

Thai sentence: ยิ้ม

Thai pronunciation: yím

Explanation: If you’re not Thai or can’t speak much Thai, just smile after greeting. It creates a good atmosphere when you meet someone. As you may have heard before, Thailand is a land of smiles.

3- Call Other Parties by kun+name

When you meet someone for the first time, it’s formal to call them by คุณ (khun) + name. คุณ (khun) is a formal title in Thai.

4- Avoid Looking at Other Parties from Head to Toe

Thai sentence: อย่ามองคนจากหัวจรดเท้า

Thai pronunciation: yàa maawng khon jàak hǔua jà-ròt tháo

Explanation: Looking at other parties from head to toe isn’t exactly a rude gesture. However, some people do this action as a way of looking down on other people, so it may create the wrong impression if you do so.

6. Thai Guest Etiquette

When you come to Thailand, you may get a chance to visit a Thai house. Thus, it will be good to learn some Thai hospitality and etiquette so that you know what you can and can’t do, and act accordingly.

1- Take Off Your Shoes Before Entering the House

Thai sentence: ถอดรองเท้าก่อนเข้าบ้าน

Thai pronunciation: thàawt raawng-tháo gàawn khâo bâan

Explanation: Most Thai people walk barefoot in the house. So if you visit a Thai house, you have to take off your shoes before entering the house.

2- Stay in the Living Room

Thai sentence: อยู่ในห้องนั่งเล่น

Thai pronunciation: yùu nai hâawng nâng lên

Explanation: When you go to another person’s house, if you’re not close to the owner, it’s appropriate to stay mainly in the living room or in the area where the owner seated you. You shouldn’t go wandering by yourself. However, this also depends on the relationship between you and the owner.

3- Bring a Gift (though it’s not Necessary)

Thai sentence: เอาของมาฝากเจ้าของบ้าน

Thai pronunciation: ao khǎawng maa fàak jâo khǎawng bâan

Explanation: When you visit a Thai house, it would be nice to bring some kind of gift to them. Most of the time, when it comes to gift etiquette in Thailand, food and drinks are okay. It doesn’t have to be anything fancy. Again, what’s considered proper gift giving etiquette in Thailand also depends on the relationship between you and the owner of the house.

4- Avoid Putting Your Feet on the Table

Thai sentence: อย่าเอาเท้าวางบนโต๊ะ

Thai pronunciation: yàa ao tháo waang bon dtó

Explanation: Thai people view feet as being dirty. Thus, you shouldn’t put your feet on the tables or chairs.

5- Don’t Go into the Owner’s Belongings

Thai sentence: อย่ารื้อของในบ้านคนอื่น

Thai pronunciation: yàa rúue khǎawng nai bâan khon ùuen

Explanation: Even if you have a close relationship with the owner of the house, it may be inappropriate to look through things in drawers or cupboards. Things in those areas are kind of personal, but if the owner asks you to open it, then it’s okay.

7. Thai Etiquette in Public Transportation

When you travel in Thailand, you may get a chance to travel by public transportation, such as on a bus, BTS, MRT, etc. Here are the do’s and don’ts for transportation in Thailand that you should know.

1- Don’t Stand in Front of the Door

Thai sentence: อย่ายืนขวางประตู

Thai pronunciation: yàa yuuen khwǎang bprà-dtuu

Explanation: When you travel by bus, BTS, or MRT, try to get inside so that there’s space for others to come in. Avoid standing in front of the door, as this is dangerous and could lead to an accident.

2- Give Your Seat to Children, Monks, Elders, and Handicapped People

Thai sentence: เอื้อเฟื้อที่นั่งแก่เด็ก, พระ, คนชรา, และคนพิการ

Thai pronunciation: ûuea-fúuea thîi nâng gàae dèk phrá khon chá-raa láe khon phí-gaan

Explanation: Thai people are quite kind and often help each other. Thai people view children, elders, and handicapped people as physically inferior and in need of help. As for monks, Thai people respect them. So when traveling by public transportation, Thai people give their seats to them. It’s not a social norm, but it’s what Thai people often do anyways.

3- No Alcohol or Cigarettes

Thai sentence: ห้ามดื่มเหล้าและสูบบุหรี่

Thai pronunciation: hâam dùuem lâo láe sùup bù-rìi

Explanation: Alcohol affects how people think, and cigarette smoke is unhealthy. As they’re not good to others and could lead to accidents and problems, you shouldn’t drink or smoke on public transportation.

4- No Stinky Food

Thai sentence: อย่านำอาหารมีกลิ่นขึ้นรถ

Thai pronunciation: yàa nam aa-hǎan mii glìn khûen rót

Explanation: Some food—such as durians, crispy garlic chive dumplings, and squid—can be very stinky. While some people think these foods smell nice, others don’t. To create a nice and clean atmosphere and not disturb other people, don’t eat stinky food on public transportation. If you have to bring it with you, make sure to seal it properly so it doesn’t smell much.

8. Thai Business Etiquette


If you’re working in Thailand or working with Thai people, it’s nice to know business etiquette in Thailand. Below are some things about business etiquette in Thailand you should be aware of.

1- Dress Properly

Thai sentence: แต่งตัวสุภาพ

Thai pronunciation: dtàaeng-dtuua sù-phâap

Explanation: The first impression is very important when you do Thai business. And the first thing that catches attention is how you dress. Men are supposed to wear a shirt and slacks, while women are supposed to wear a knee-length dress or a shirt with a skirt. The tone of the clothing shouldn’t be too colorful, and no sandals.

2- Address Other Parties Formally

Thai sentence: เรียกอีกฝ่ายอย่างสุภาพ

Thai pronunciation: rîiak ìik fàai yàang sù-phâap

Explanation: The formal way to address each other in Thai is by saying คุณ (khun) + name. คุณ (khun) is a formal title in Thai.

3- Greet Other Parties Formally

Thai sentence: ทักทายอีกฝ่ายอย่างสุภาพ

Thai pronunciation: thák-thaai ìik fàai yàang sù-phâap

Explanation: When you meet your business partner, you should first greet them by saying สวัสดี (sà-wàt-dii) and perform ไหว้ (wâi).

4- Be Punctual

Thai sentence: ตรงเวลา

Thai pronunciation: dtrong wee-laa

Explanation: This one is quite common; don’t make others wait for you. In Bangkok, the traffic is quite bad, so make sure you have a lot of time for traveling.

5- Shaking Your Foot or Leg

Thai sentence: อย่านั่งเขย่าขา

Thai pronunciation: yàa nâng khà-yào khǎa

Explanation: Some people have a habit of shaking their foot or leg when sitting for a long time. It isn’t a rude manner in Thailand, but it makes you look unprofessional.

6- Avoid Putting Your Feet on the Table

Thai sentence: อย่าเอาเท้าวางบนโต๊ะ

Thai pronunciation: yàa ao tháo waang bon dtó

Explanation: As mentioned above, Thai people consider feet to be dirty. Thus, you shouldn’t put your feet on tables or chairs. It’s considered rude manners.

7- Avoid Chewing Gum

Thai sentence: อย่าเคี้ยวหมากฝรั่ง

Thai pronunciation: yàa khíiao màak-fà-ràng

Explanation: Chewing gum while speaking is unprofessional behavior for Thai people.

9. Thai Etiquette in Various Situations

If you live or work in Thailand, you may be invited to a ceremony for your friends or colleagues. In order for you to act appropriately and be nice to the host, here are the things you should know.

1- Thai Etiquette in Wedding Ceremonies

If you’re quite close to a Thai person, you normally get invited to their wedding ceremony. Normally, when you arrive to the ceremony, you should go to see the bride and groom to congratulate them before taking photos with them. Then, go sit in your assigned place. After this, just celebrate along with everyone.

However, you may not be sure how you should act or dress, as people in different countries have different cultures. For Thai people, you should follow these tips.


1. Wear light-toned clothing.

Thai sentence: ใส่เสื้อผ้าสีอ่อน

Thai pronunciation: sài sûuea-phâa sǐi àawn

Explanation: For women, in case there’s no theme, wear light-toned clothing. If there is a theme, dress according to the theme. Don’t dress in white, as Thai people think only the bride should dress in white for the wedding ceremony. Don’t dress in black either, as Thai people wear black to funerals.

For men, dressing for a wedding is quite easy. Men normally wear a suit to the wedding. Any color is fine; just make sure it’s not too colorful. If there’s a theme, dress according to it.

2. Give money to the bride and groom.

Thai sentence: ใส่ซองให้บ่าวสาว

Thai pronunciation: sài saawng hâi bàao sǎao

Explanation: When Thai people go to a wedding ceremony, they give money to the bride and groom. This is a way to help with the wedding and say thank you for preparing the food and drinks for them. The amount of money they give depends on their relationship to the bride and groom, and where the ceremony is hosted.

3. Don’t talk about bad things or events.

Thai sentence: อย่าพูดเรื่องอัปมงคล

Thai pronunciation: yàa phûut rûueang àp-bpà-mong-khon

Explanation: A wedding ceremony is a happy event. Thai people believe that it’s bad to talk about bad things or unhappy events (such as a death).

4. Don’t make loud noise.

Thai sentence: อย่าส่งเสียงดัง

Thai pronunciation: yàa sòng sǐiang dang

Explanation: Making loud noise can ruin the sweet atmosphere and steal attention from the bride and groom, so don’t do it.

5. Avoid drinking too much.

Thai sentence: อย่าดื่มมากเกินไป

Thai pronunciation: yàa dùuem mâak gooen bpai

Explanation: In some wedding ceremonies, alcohol is served for guests. However, you need to be careful not to drink too much or get drunk. Since people sometimes lose control when drunk, you may cause problems.

2- Thai Etiquette for Funerals

Similar to wedding ceremonies, once you live or work in Thailand long enough, you may have to go to a funeral. Here are the do’s and don’ts for a Thai funeral.

1. Dress formally in black or white.

Thai sentence: แต่งตัวสุภาพด้วยชุดสีดำหรือขาว

Thai pronunciation: dtàaeng-dtuua sù-phâap dûuai chút sǐi dam rǔue khǎao

Explanation: To pay respect to the deceased person and their family, it’s polite to wear black or white. Don’t wear revealing clothing.

2. Give money to the host.

Thai sentence: ใส่ซองช่วยเจ้าภาพ

Thai pronunciation: sài saawng chûuai jâo-phâap

Explanation: To help with funeral arrangements, Thai people give money to the host. The amount of money they give depends on their relationship to the deceased person and their family.

3. Avoid making loud noise.

Thai sentence: อย่าส่งเสียงดัง

Thai pronunciation: yàa sòng sǐiang-dang

Explanation: Making loud noise is viewed as disrespectful toward the deceased. Also, people come here to grieve and comfort the family of the deceased person, so it’s inappropriate to make loud noises.

3- Thai Etiquette for a Buddhist Ordination

งานบวช (ngaan-bùuat) is “Buddhist ordination” in Thai, and this is an important event in Thai society. Thai people believe that men should be a monk for once in their life to learn more about Buddha’s teachings; this is so that he can live his life as a good man.

To join a Buddhist ordination is a good experience for a foreigner, as you get to see Thai culture, values, and beliefs. Here are some things you can and can’t do during a Buddhist ordination.

Buddhist Ordination

1. Dress formally.

Thai sentence: แต่งกายเรียบร้อย

Thai pronunciation: dtàaeng-gaai rîiap-ráauy

Explanation: A Buddhist ordination is an event that takes place in a temple. As already mentioned, it’s Thai culture and etiquette to dress properly in the temple, both men and women. Shirts with no sleeves, shorts, and skirts that are shorter than knee-length aren’t appropriate to wear in the temple. Also, no sexy or revealing clothes.

2. No drinking or cigarettes.

Thai sentence: ห้ามดื่มเหล้าและสูบบุหรี่

Thai pronunciation: hâam dùuem lâo láe sùup bù-rìi

Explanation: You shouldn’t drink or smoke in the temple as this is one of the things Buddhists shouldn’t do, as mentioned earlier.

10. Conclusion: How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Master Thai Culture

If you’ve reached this point in the lesson, you should know more or less about what you should and shouldn’t do in Thailand. Keep these things in mind so that you don’t accidentally act inappropriately when you visit the country.

It can be hard to fully accommodate to customs you’re not familiar with, but with enough practice and the right mindset, you’re already halfway there! Now that you know all of this, you should go and learn other fun Thai lessons such as the top ten tourist attractions, top five Thai dishes, or how to eat Thai food, at

Does your country have similar cultural expectations or etiquette rules? Let us know in the comments!

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