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Must know list of nationalities in Thai

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One of the most frequently asked questions when you first meet foreigners is “question about nationality”.  Same goes with foreigners who want to obtain Thai nationality or ask for a tourist visa.  So it makes sense for you to learn “how to say your nationality in Thai”.  Actually, this is a pretty easy topic in Thai.  After learning this lesson, you will not only be able to talk about countries and nationalities in Thai, but also the topics about language, food and culture as well.

In this “all about Thai nationality” lesson, you will learn how to say different nationalities in Thai.  The first thing you will learn is how countries, nationalities and languages in Thai are related.  And next is the vocabulary of nationality in English to Thai.  Then, we gave you examples of questions and answers about Thai nationalities which are very useful in conversation.  

A Photo of the Thai Flag being Waved.

Say about your nationality in Thai

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Nationality in Thai vocabulary
  2. Top Nationalities in Thailand
  3. How to say “what is your nationality?” in Thai
  4. How to introduce your nationality in Thai?
  5. Example of conversation related to nationality
  6. Conclusion

1. Nationality in Thai vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic knowledge.  What is the nationality in Thai?  สัญชาติ (sǎn-châat) is “nationality” in Thai.  When it comes to learning about Thai nationality vocabulary, it is a very easy topic for Thai language learners.  The reason is in the Thai language, we use the name of countries for nationality, language, food, person as well as culture.  So all you have to do is remember the country name in Thai and the words that can be used with country name which are,

1- Words that can be used with country name

  • ประเทศ (bprà-thêet) = country
  • สัญชาติ (sǎn-châat) = nationality
  • ภาษา (phaa-sǎa) = language
  • อาหาร (aa-hǎan) = food
  • คน (khon) = person
  • วัฒนธรรม (wát-thá-ná-tham) = culture

2- Structure

Basically, the structure is “word + name of nationality”.  These are examples of words related to nationality in Thai to English.

  • ประเทศนิวซีแลนด์ (bprà-thêet-niu-sii-laaen) = (country of) New Zealand
  • สัญชาติสวีเดน (sǎn-châat-sà-wii-den) = Swedish nationality
  • ภาษาพม่า (phaa-sǎa-phá-mâa) = Burmese language
  • อาหารอิตาลี (aa-hǎan-ì-dtaa-lîi) = Italian food
  • คนสวิตเซอร์แลนด์ (khon-sà-wít-sooe-laaen) = Switzerland
  • วัฒนธรรมบราซิล (wát-thá-ná-tham-braa-sin) = Brazilian culture

2. Top Nationalities in Thailand

Thailand is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.  In each year, there are a lot of tourists coming to Thailand.  The national statistical office in Thailand has recorded the nationalities of tourists who came to Thailand during 2010 – 2019 and below is the list of those country names (nationalities) in Thai.  For tourists, you can learn how to answer when someone asks you “what is your nationality?” in Thai.

CountryThai wordsThai romanization
Chinaจีนjiin
Malaysiaมาเลเซียmaa-lee-siia
Indiaอินเดียin-diia
Koreaเกาหลีgao-lǐi
Laosลาวlaao
Japanญี่ปุ่นyîi-bpùn
Singaporeสิงคโปร์sǐng-khá-bpoo
Vietnamเวียดนามwîiat-naam
Hongkongฮ่องกงhâawng-gong
Cambodiaกัมพูชาgam-phuu-chaa
Taiwanไต้หวันdtâi-wǎn
Indonesiaอินโดนีเซียin-doo-nii-siia
Russiaรัสเซียrát-siia
Britainอังกฤษang-grìt
Germanเยอรมันyooe-rá-man
Franceฝรั่งเศสfà-ràng-sèet
USAอเมริกาà-mee-rí-gaa
Australiaออสเตรเลียáawt-dtree-liia

A Person Relaxing at the Beach.

Tourists in Thailand

3. How to say “what is your nationality?” in Thai

To make it easier for you to make conversation, you should learn Thai nationality related questions as well.  Here is what you should know.

1- Where are you from?

Thai question: คุณมาจากที่ไหน / คุณเป็นคนประเทศอะไร

Thai romanization:  khun-maa-jàak-thîi-nǎi / khun-bpen-khon-bprà-thêet-à-rai

Example1:  คุณมาจากที่ไหน
  • khun-maa-jàak-thîi-nǎi
  • Where are you from?
  • ผมมาจากโตเกียว ประเทศญี่ปุ่น
  • phǒm-maa-jàak-dtoo-giiao bprà-thêet-yîi-bpùn
  • I’m from Tokyo, Japan.

Example2:  คุณเป็นคนประเทศอะไร
  • khun-bpen-khon-bprà-thêet-à-rai
  • Where are you from?
  • ฉันเป็นคนเกาหลี
  • chǎn-bpen-khon-gao-lǐi
  • I’m Korean.

2- Which country are you from?

Thai question: คุณมาจากประเทศอะไร

Thai romanization:  khun-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-à-rai

Example:  คุณมาจากประเทศอะไร
  • khun-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-à-rai
  • Which country are you from?
  • ผมมาประเทศบราซิล
  • phǒm-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-braa-sil
  • I’m from Brazil.

3- What is your nationality?

Thai question: คุณสัญชาติอะไร

Thai romanization:  khun-sǎn-châat-à-rai

Example:  คุณสัญชาติอะไร
  • ผมเป็นคนจีน
  • phǒm-bpen-khon-jiin
  • I’m Chinese.

An Asian Man Smiles and Waves.

“I’m Chinese.”

4- Are you (nationality)?

Thai question: คุณเป็นคน…ใช่มั้ย

Thai romanization:  khun-bpen-khon-…-châi-mái

Example:  คุณเป็นคนอิตาลีใช่มั้ย
  • khun-bpen-khon-ì-dta-lîi-châi-mái
  • Are you Italian?
  • ไม่ใช่ ฉันไม่ใช่คนอิตาลี ฉันเป็นคนฝรั่งเศส
  • mâi-châi chǎn-mâi-châi-khon-ì-dta-lîi chǎn-bpen-khon-fà-ràng-sèet
  • No, I’m French.

4. How to introduce your nationality in Thai?

Apart from questions, you should know the basic ways to speak about your nationality in Thai as well.  How to say my nationality is… in Thai?  Here are sentences you can use.

1- I’m (nationality).

Thai sentence: subject + เป็นคน + country name

Thai romanization:  subject + bpen-khon + country name

Exampleพ่อของฉันเป็นคนสิงคโปร์ แม่ของฉันเป็นคนไทย
  • phâaw-khǎawng-chǎn-bpen-khon-sǐng-khá-bpoo mâae-khǎawng-chǎn-bpen-khon-thai
  • My father is Singaporean.  My mother is Thai.

2- My nationality is (nationality).

Thai sentence: สัญชาติของฉัน คือ สัญชาติ + country name

Thai romanization:  sǎn-châat-khǎawng-chǎn khuue sǎn-châat + country name

Example:  สัญชาติของฉัน คือ สัญชาติฟิลิปปินส์
  • sǎn-châat-khǎawng-chǎn khuue sǎn-châat-fí-líp-bpin
  • My nationality is Filipino.

3- I’m from (country).

Thai sentence: subject + มาจาก + country name

Thai romanization:  subject + ma-jàak + country name

Example:  ทอมมาจากประเทศอังกฤษ เขาเป็นนักเรียนแลกเปลี่ยน
  • thaawm-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-ang-grìt khǎo-bpen-nák-riian-lâaek-bplìian
  • Tom comes from Britain.  He is an exchange student.

4- I was born in (country) but grew up in (country).

Thai sentence: subject + เกิดที่ + country name + แต่โตที่ + country name

Thai romanization:  subject + gòoet-thîi + country name + dtàae+dtoo+thîi + country name

Example:  คุณพ่อเกิดที่ประเทศสิงคโปร์ แต่โตที่ประเทศแคนาดา
  • khun-phâaw-gòoet-thîi-bprà-thêet-sǐng-khá-bpoo dtàae-dtoo-thîi-bprà-thêet-khaae-naa-daa
  • My father was born in Singapore but grew up in Canada.

5- I am (nationality) and (nationality).

Thai sentence: subject + ถือ 2 สัญชาติ คือ สัญชาติ + country name + และ + country name

Thai romanization:  subject + thǔue-sǎawng-sǎn-châat khuue sǎn-châat + country name + láe + country name

Example:  ฉันถือสองสัญชาติ คือ สัญชาติสิงคโปร์และสัญชาติไทย
  • chan-thǔue-sǎawng-sǎn-châat khuue sǎn-châat-sǐng-khá-bpoo-láe-sǎn-châat-thai
  • I’m Singaporean and Thai.

5. Example of conversation related to nationality

To help you learn about nationality in Thai language effectively, we also prepare a conversation related to nationality for you as an example.  You will see how you can use all the vocabulary you just learned in conversation.

Below here is the conversation between Tom, a friendly exchange student from Britain, and Mek, a Thai student. 

ทอม:  สวัสดีครับ ผมชื่อทอมครับ ผมเป็นนักเรียนแลกเปลี่ยนมาจากประเทศอังกฤษครับ
Thaawm: sà-wàt-dii-khráp phǒm-chûue-thaawm-khráp phǒm-bpen-nák-riian-lâaek-bplìian-maa-jàak-bprà- thêet-ang-grìt-khráp
Tom: Hi, my name is Tom. I’m an exchange student from Britain.

เมฆ:  สวัสดีครับ ทอม ยินดีที่ได้รู้จัก ผมชื่อเมฆครับ
Meek: sà-wàt-dii-khráp thaawm yin-dii-thîi-dâi-rúu-jàk phǒm-chûue-mêek-khráp
Mek:  Hello, Tom.  Nice to meet you.  My name is Mek.

ทอม:  เมฆเป็นนักเรียนแลกเปลี่ยนเหมือนกันหรือเปล่าครับ
Taawm: mêek-bpen-nák-riian-lâaek-bplìian-mǔuean-gan-rúue-bplào-khráp
Tom: Are you an exchange student too?

เมฆ:  ไม่ใช่ครับ ผมเป็นคนไทยครับ ถือสัญชาติไทย
Meek: mâi-châi-khráp phǒm-bpen-khon-thai-khráp thǔue-sǎn-châat-thai
Mek: No, I’m not. I’m a Thai person who has Thai nationality.

ทอม:  จริงเหรอครับ คุณดูไม่เหมือนคนไทยเลย
Thaawm: jing-rǒoe-khráp khun-duu-mâi-mǔuean-khon-thai-looei
Tom: Really, you don’t look like Thai people.

เมฆ:  จริงครับ คุณแม่ของผมเป็นลูกครึ่งโรมาเนียครับ ผมของผมก็เลยสีอ่อนเหมือนกับผมของคุณตาครับ
Meek: jing-khráp khun-mâae-khǎawng-phǒm-bpen-lûuk-khrûeng-roo-maa-niia-khráp phǒm-khǎawng-phǒm- gâaw-looei-sǐi-àawn-mǔuean-gàp-phǒm-khǎawng-khun-dtaa-khráp
Mek: Yes, my mother is half Romanian. That is why I have light hair color, the same as my grandfather’s hair.

ทอม:  อย่างนี้นี่เอง แล้วเมฆพูดภาษาโรมาเนียได้มั้ยครับ
Thaawm: yàang-níi-nîi-eeng láaeo-mêek-phûut-phaa-sǎa-roo-maa-niia-dâi-mái-khráp
Tom: That is why. Can you speak Romanian then?

เมฆ:  ได้แค่นิดหน่อยครับ ครอบครัวของเราส่วนใหญ่คุยกันด้วยภาษาไทยครับ ว่าแต่ว่า ทำไมทอมพูดภาษาไทยได้เก่ง จังครับ หรือว่ามาประเทศไทยหลายปีแล้ว
Meek: dâi-khâae-nít-nàauy-khráp khrâawp-khruua-khǎawng-rao-sùuan-yài-khui-gan-dûuai-phaa-sǎa-thai- khráp wâa-dtâae-wâa tham-mai-thaawm-phûut-phaa-sǎa-thai-dâi-gèng-jang-khráp rǔue-wâa-maa-bprà- thêet-thai-lǎai-bpii-láaeo
Mek: I can speak Romanian just a little bit. My family speaks Thai to one another most of the time. Anyway, why can you speak Thai so well? Or have you been here for many years?

ทอม:  ผมพึ่งมาประเทศไทยได้ 1 เดือนเองครับ ที่ผมพูดภาษาไทยได้ดี เพราะ คุณแม่ของผมก็เป็นลูกครึ่งไทยครับ คุณแม่พูดภาษาไทยกับผมตลอด ผมก็เลยฟังและพูดภาษาไทยได้ครับ แต่ผมอ่านภาษาไทยไม่ได้เลยครับ
Thaawm: phǒm-phûueng-maa-bprà-thêet-thai-dâi-nùeng-duuean-eeng-khráp thîi-phǒm-phûut-phaa-sǎa- thai-dâi-dii phráw khun-mâae-khǎawng-phǒm-gâaw-bpen-lûuk-khrûeng-thai-khráp khun-mâae-phûut-phaa- sǎa-thai-gàp-phǒm-dtà-làawt phǒm-gâaw-looei-fang-láe-phûut-phaa-sǎa-thai-dâi-khráp
Tom: My mother is also half Thai. She always speaks Thai with me so I can speak and listen to Thai. But I can’t write Thai at all.

เมฆ:  มิน่าล่ะ คุณถึงพูดภาษาไทยได้ดีมาก แล้วทำไมทอมถึงเลือกมาเรียนที่ประเทศไทยครับ
Meek: mí-nâa-là khun-thǔeng-phûut-phaa-sǎa-thai-dâi-dii-mâak láaeo-tham-mai-thaawm-thǔeng-lûueak- maa-riian-thîi-bprà-thêet-thai-khráp
Mek: No wonder you speak Thai so well. Then, why do you choose to exchange in Thailand?

ทอม:  คุณแม่เล่าเรื่องเกี่ยวกับประเทศไทยให้ผมฟังบ่อยมากครับ  ผมคิดว่าวัฒนธรรมไทยน่าสนใจ อาหารไทยก็อร่อย มากด้วย ผมก็เลยตัดสินใจมาแลกเปลี่ยนที่นี่ครับ
Thaawm:  khun-mâae-lâo-rûueang-gìiao-gàp-bprà-thêet-thai-hâi-phǒm-fang-bàauy-mâak-khráp phǒm-khít- wâa-wát-thá-ná-tham-thai-nâa-sǒn-jai aa-hǎan-thai-gâaw-à-ràauy-mâak-dûuai phǒm-gâaw-looei-dtàt-sǐn- jai-maa-lâaek-bplìian-thîi-nîi-khráp
Tom:  My mother often tells me stories about Thailand.  I think Thai culture is very interesting.  Thai food is also very delicious.  So I decided to exchange here.

A Woman Spending Time with a Boy Who Is Reading.

My mothers often tell me stories about Thailand.

เมฆ:  พอมาอยู่ไทยจริง ๆ แล้วรู้สึกยังไงบ้างครับ
Meek: phaaw-maa-yùu-thai-jing-jing-láaeo-rúu-sùek-yang-ngai-bâang-khráp
Mek: Now that you are in Thailand, how do you feel?

ทอม:  คนไทยใจดีมากครับ อาหารไทยที่นี่ก็อร่อยยิ่งกว่าที่แม่ผมทำอีก ทุกคนบอกว่าผมกินเผ็ดเก่งมาก แต่อากาศร้อน มากครับ
Thaawm:  khon-thai-jai-dii-mâak-khráp aa-hǎan-thai-thîi-nîi-gâaw-à-ràauy-yîng-gwàa-thîi-mâae-phǒm-tham-ìik thúk-khon-bàawk-wâa-phǒm-gin-phèt-gèng-mâak dtàae-aa-gâat-ráawn-mâak-khráp
Tom:  Thai people are very kind.  Thai food here is even more delicious than what my mother cooked.  Everyone says I’m very good at eating spicy food.  But the weather is very hot.

A Man Moves His Tie and Blows.

The weather is very hot.

เมฆ:  ตอนนี้หน้าร้อน เดือนหน้า อากาศจะไม่ร้อนเท่านี้ครับ แต่ก็น่าจะร้อนอยู่ดี
Meek: dtaawn-níi-nâa-ráawn duuean-nâa aa-gàat-jà-mâi-ráawn-thâo-níi-khráp dtàae-gâaw-nâa-jà-ráawn- yùu-dii
Mek:  Now it is summer.  Next month, it will not be as hot as it is now.  But it will still be hot.

ทอม:  ร้อนน้อยลงนิดหน่อยก็ยังดีครับ ดีที่ผมพักใกล้มหาวิทยาลัย ก็เลยไม่ต้องเดินทางไกล ไม่งั้นคงเหนื่อยเวลาเดินทาง มากครับ
Thaawm: ráawn-náauy-long-nít-nàauy-gâaw-yang-dii-khráp dii-thîi-phǒm-phák-glâi-má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai gâaw-looei-mâi-dtâawng-dooen-thaang-glai mâi-ngán-khong-nùueai-wee-laa-dooen-thaang-mâak-khráp
Tom: Not yet, I want to go to a cultural tourist attraction. Do you have any recommendations?

เมฆ:  แล้วได้ไปเที่ยวที่ไหนบ้างรึยังครับ
Meek: láaeo-dâi-bpai-thîiao-thîi-nǎi-bâang-rúue-yang-khráp
Mek: Have you traveled to any place yet?

ทอม:  ยังเลยครับ อยากไปสถานที่ท่องเที่ยวทางวัฒนธรรมมากครับ มีที่ไหนแนะนำมั้ยครับ
Thaawm: yang-looei-khráp yàak-bpai-sà-thǎan-thîi-thàawng-thîiao-thaang-wát-thá-ná-tham-mâak-khráp mii-thîi-nǎi-náe-nam-mái-khráp
Tom: Not yet, I want to go to a cultural tourist attraction. Do you have any recommendations?

เมฆ:  ลองไปดูการแสดงเกี่ยวกับศิลปะ วัฒนธรรม และประเพณีที่สยามนิรมิตดูสิ อยู่ในกรุงเทพฯ ว่างวันเดียวก็ไปได้ การแสดงที่นั่นมีชื่อเสียงมาก ถ้าคุณสนใจวัฒนธรรมไทย คุณน่าจะชอบ
Meek: laawng-bpai-duu-gaan-sà-daaeng-gìiao-gàp-sǐn-lá-bpà wát-thá-ná-tham láe-bprà-phee-nii-thîi-sà- yǎam-ní-rá-mít-duu-sì yùu-nai-grung-thêep wâang-wan-diiao-gâaw-bpai-dâi gaan-sà-daaeng-thîi-nân-mii- chûue-sǐiang-mâak thâa-khun-sǒn-jai-wát-thá-ná-tham-thai khun-nâa-ja-châawp
Mek:  You should go watch a show about art, culture and tradition at Siam Niramit.  It is in Bangkok.  You can make it a one-day trip.  If you are interested in Thai culture, you might like it.

ทอม:  วันจันทร์หน้าผมว่าง จะลองไปดู ขอบคุณครับ
Thaawm: wan-jan-nâa-phǒm-wâang jà-laawng-bpai-duu khàawp-khun-khráp
Tom: I’m available next Monday so I will go then. Thank you.

6. Conclusion

At this point, whether you are a foreigner who plans to have a Thai citizenship application or plans for a Thailand travel trip, we are pretty sure you can manage to talk about your nationality in Thai already.  To sum up, all you have to do is try to remember the country names and then, you will be fine.  Do you think this topic is as easy as we promise?  Is it different from your native language?  Please let us know in the comment below.

Now that you already finished this lesson, do you have the next lesson you want to learn in mind yet?  If not, we have some suggestions at ThaiPod101.com for you such as Thai jokes, adjectives to describe personality and common Thai idioms.

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A List of Intermediate Thai Phrases You Need to Know

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Are you ready for another shortcut in your Thai learning? 

If you’re getting ready to approach an intermediate level of proficiency in Thai, you’ll find this article very useful. We have compiled a list of intermediate Thai phrases for you, so you won’t have to learn tons of individual words or worry about composing more complex sentences all by yourself. 

At the intermediate level, you should be able to communicate in a variety of everyday situations. We have categorized all of the phrases on our according to the situation, so by the time you’re done reading, you’ll be prepared for: 

  • Talking about past events
  • Making and changing plans
  • Explaining and giving reasons
  • Giving reactions during everyday conversations
  • Using etiquette phrases in social and business settings

Let’s begin.

A Woman Smiling while She Reads a Book on the Bus

These intermediate Thai phrases will definitely come in handy.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. How to Talk About Past Events in Thai
  2. How to Make and Change Plans in Thai
  3. How to Explain and Give Reasons in Thai
  4. How to React in Daily Thai Conversations
  5. How to Use Etiquette Phrases in Thai
  6. Conclusion

1. How to Talk About Past Events in Thai

The first few intermediate Thai phrases we’ll cover today are those for talking about the past. As you should already know, there is no verb conjugation in Thai. This means all you have to do is remember the structures and sentence patterns provided below! 

1 – [Someone] used to do [something].

  • Sentence structure: subject + เคย + verb + object (if any)
  • Pronunciation: subject + khooei + verb + object (if any)

You can use this intermediate Thai phrase to explain that someone used to do a certain action in the past.

Example 1:
ผมเคยออกกำลังกายทุกวัน แต่ตอนนี้ผมไม่มีเวลา
phǒm-khooei-àawk-gam-lang-gaai-thúk-wan dtàae-dtaawn-níi-phǒm-mâi-mii-wee-laa
I used to exercise every day, but now I don’t have time.

An Older Man Playing Tennis

I used to exercise every day.

Example 2:
ตอนเด็ก ๆ แม่เคยไปโรงเรียนโดยรถเมล์
dtaawn-dèk-dèk mâae-khooei-bpai-roong-riian-dooi-rót-mee
Mom used to go to school by bus when she was young.

2 – [Someone] has never done [something].

  • Sentence structure: subject + ไม่เคย + verb + object (if any)
  • Pronunciation: subject + mâi-khooei + verb + object (if any)

This intermediate-level Thai phrase, on the other hand, is used to explain that someone has never done something before. 

Example 1:
ผมไม่เคยไปประเทศอังกฤษ
phǒm-mâi-khooei-bpai-bprà-thêet-ang-grìt
I have never been to England before.

Example 2:
เธอไม่เคยกินทุเรียนมาก่อน กลิ่นมันแรงเกินไปสำหรับเธอ
thooe-mâi-khooei-gin-thú-riian-maa-gàawn glìn-man-raaeng-gooen-bpai-sǎm-ràp-thooe
She has never eaten durian before. It is too smelly for her.

3 – Past tense (with a focus on the time)

  • Sentence structure: time + sentence

As mentioned earlier, Thai does not have verb conjugation; we rather place a time-indicating word at the beginning or end of the sentence. 

  • If you put the time at the beginning of the sentence, this places emphasis on the time.
  • If you put the time at the end of the sentence, this places emphasis on the action instead. 

In the examples below, note how the time-indicating word is at the beginning of the Thai sentences. 

Example 1:
เมื่อวานนี้แม่เดินทางไปต่างประเทศ
mûuea-waan-níi-mâae-dooen-thaang-bpai-dtàang-bprà-thêet
Mom went abroad yesterday.

Example 2:
เมื่อเช้านี้ฉันลืมหยิบกระเป๋าเงินก่อนออกจากบ้าน
mûuea-cháo-níi-chǎn-luuem-yìp-grà-bpǎo-ngoen-gàawn-àawk-jàak-bâan
I forgot to take my wallet with me before leaving the house this morning.

4 – Past tense (with a focus on the action)

  • Sentence structure: sentence + time

In these examples, the time is placed at the end of the Thai sentences. This indicates that the action is more important than when it took place. 

Example 1:
ฉันไม่ได้ทานข้าวเช้าเพราะตื่นสายเมื่อวานนี้
chǎn-mâi-dâi-thaan-khâao-cháo-phráw-dtùuen-sǎai-mûuea-waan-níi
I didn’t have breakfast yesterday because I woke up late.

Example 2:
น้องสาวของฉันเคยร่างกายไม่แข็งแรงเมื่อก่อนนี้
náawng-sǎao-khǎawng-chǎn-khooei-râang-gaai-mâi-khǎeng-raaeng-mûuea-gàawn-níi
My sister used to be unhealthy in the past.

2. How to Make and Change Plans in Thai

Another set of essential Thai phrases for intermediate learners consists of those for making and changing plans. These phrases and structures can be used in both formal and informal contexts, so you’ll be prepared whether you’re planning a meetup with friends or scheduling a business meeting. 

1 – Is [someone] available [day]?

  • Sentence structure: time + subject + ว่างไหม
  • Pronunciation: time + subject + wâang-mǎi

This intermediate Thai conversational phrase is perfect for asking if someone is free or not, such as if you want to make plans with a friend or schedule an appointment. 

Example 1:
พรุ่งนี้คุณหมอว่างไหมคะ
phrûng-níi-khun-mǎaw-wâang-mǎi-khá
Is the doctor available tomorrow?

Example 2:
วันอาทิตย์หน้าเธอว่างไหม
wan-aa-thít-nâa-thooe-wâang-mǎi
Are you available next Sunday?

2 – Do you want to … together?

  • Sentence structure: ไป + verb + object (if any) + กันไหม
  • Pronunciation: bpai + verb + object (if any) + gan-mǎi

This phrase will come in handy if you ever want to invite someone to do something with you. This is especially important as you begin making friends or going on dates

Example 1:
ไปดูหนังด้วยกันไหมครับ
bpai-duu-nǎng-dûuai-gan-mǎi-khráp
Do you want to watch a movie together?

A Man and a Woman Having Coffee Together

Do you want to watch a movie together?

Example 2:
ไปเที่ยวหัวหินกันมั้ย
bpai-thîiao-hǔua-hǐn-gan-mái
Do you want to go to Huahin together?

3 – Will [someone] …?

  • Sentence structure: subject + จะ + verb + object (if any) + ไหม
  • Pronunciation: subject + + verb + object (if any) + mǎi

This phrase is pretty similar to the last one we saw, but it has a different meaning. Rather than being used to invite someone to do something, it’s used to ask if someone is going to do something. Check the examples to see how this useful Thai phrase pattern for intermediate learners might be used in a real-life conversation.

Example 1:
พรุ่งนี้เธอจะไปตลาดไหม
phrûng-níi-thooe-jà-bpai-dtà-làat-mǎi
Will you go to the market tomorrow?

Example 2:
เย็นนี้แม่จะทำอาหารเย็นมั้ย
yen-níi-mâae-jà-tham-aa-hǎan-yen-mái
Will mom cook dinner this evening?

4 – Can I bring … with me?

  • Sentence structure: พา + someone + ได้ด้วยได้ไหม
  • Pronunciation: phaa + someone + bpai-dûuai-dâi-mǎi

You can use this intermediate Thai phrase to ask if you can bring someone with you to do something. 

Example 1:
ที่นัดกันไปซื้อของวันพรุ่งนี้ ฉันพาแฟนไปด้วยได้ไหม
thîi-nát-gan-bpai-súue-khǎawng-wan-phrûng-níi chǎn-phaa-faaen-bpai-dûuai-dâi-mǎi
For our shopping trip tomorrow, can I bring my boyfriend?

Example 2:
เราพาเพื่อนไปงานวันเกิดเธอด้วยได้มั้ย
rao-phaa-phûuean-bpai-ngaan-wan-gòoet-thooe-dûuai-dâi-mái
Can I bring my friend with me to your birthday party?

3. How to Explain and Give Reasons in Thai

Some of the most important intermediate phrases in the Thai language are those for explaining and giving reasons. Below, we have listed the most common structures you can use for these purposes. 

1 – …because…

  • Sentence structure: sentence 1 (result) + เพราะ / เพราะว่า + sentence 2 (cause)
  • Pronunciation: sentence 1 (result) + phráw / phráw-wâa + sentence 2 (cause)

This is an intermediate Thai phrase that’s best used in more casual contexts. 

Example 1:
เธอไม่ได้ไปทำงานเพราะเธอไม่สบาย
thooe-mâi-dâi-bpai-tham-ngaan-phráw-thooe-mâi-sà-baai
She didn’t go to work because she didn’t feel well.

Example 2:
ลดาไม่ซื้อขนมเพราะว่าเธอลดความอ้วนอยู่
lá-daa-mâi-súue-khà-nǒm-phráw-wâa-thooe-lót-kwaam-ûuan-yùu
Lada didn’t buy any snacks because she is on a diet.

2 – The reason why [someone] does [something] is …

  • Sentence structure: เหตุผลที่ + [someone] does [something] + คือ
  • Pronunciation: hèet-phǒn-thîi + [someone] does [something] + khuue

This is a formal intermediate phrase to use when you want to explain why someone does something.

Example 1:
เหตุผลที่แป้งขายรถคือเธอต้องการเงิน
hèet-phǒn-thîi-bpâaeng-khǎai-rót-khuue-thooe-dtâawng-gaan-ngoen
The reason why Pang sold her car is that she needs money.

Example 2:
เหตุผลที่ณพงศ์หย่ากับภรรยาคือภรรยาเขามีชู้
hèet-phǒn-thîi-ná-phong-yàa-gàp-phan-rá-yaa-khuue-phan-rá-yaa-khǎo-mii-chúu
The reason why Napong divorced his wife is that his wife had an affair.

A Couple Sitting on a Couch with Their Backs to Each Other

The reason why Napong divorced his wife is that his wife had an affair.

3 – First… second… third…

  • Sentence structure: หนึ่ง… + สอง… + สาม…
  • Pronunciation: nùeng… + sǎawng… + sǎam…

This is an extremely useful intermediate Thai phrase used to list several reasons. You can also use it to list items. 

Example 1:
เธอสอบตกเพราะหนึ่งเธอไม่ตั้งใจเรียน สองเธอไม่อ่านหนังสือ และสามเธอไม่ทำการบ้าน
thooe-sàawp-dtòk-phráw-nùeng-thooe-mâi-dtâng-jai-riian sǎawng-thooe-mâi-àan-nǎng-sǔue sǎam-thooe-mâi-tham-gaan-bâan
You failed the exam because: First, you didn’t pay attention in class; second, you didn’t review your lesson; and third, you didn’t do your homework.

Example 2:
เหตุผลที่วรรณาชอบโรงแรมนี้คือหนึ่งที่พักสะอาด สองวิวสวย สามอาหารอร่อย และสี่ราคาไม่แพง
hèet-phǒn-thîi-wan-naa-châawp-roong-raaem-níi-khuue-nùeng-thîi-phák-sà-àat sǎawng-wiu-sǔuai sǎam-aa-hǎan-à-ràauy láe-sìi-raa-khaa-mâi-phaaeng
The reasons why Wanna likes this hotel are: First, it is clean; second, the view is nice; third, the food is delicious; and fourth, it is inexpensive.

4. How to React in Daily Thai Conversations 

As someone who is learning the Thai language, you probably aim to become fluent and to have more natural conversations. One of the best ways to sound more like a native speaker is to use reaction phrases when appropriate. Below, we have listed a few of the most common reactions in Thai that you can start applying to your conversations right away. 

1 – Very good.

  • Phrase: ดีมาก
  • Pronunciation: dii-mâak

You can use this intermediate Thai phrase when you think that the other party has done something well or that the current situation is good.

Example 1:
เธอเตรียมงานเรียบร้อยแล้วใช่มั้ย ดีมาก
thooe-dtriiam-ngaan-rîiap-ráauy-láaeo-châi-mái dii-mâak
Did you finish the work preparation? Very good.

Example 2:
ลูกสอบได้ที่หนึ่งนี่ ดีมาก
lûuk-sàawp-dâi-thîi-nùeng-nîi dii-mâak
You got the highest score on the test. Very good.

2 – Very good. [casual]

This phrase is the more informal version of the previous one. 

Example 1:  
เยี่ยมมาก ทุกคนทำได้ดีมากค่ะ
yîiam-mâak thúk-khon-tham-dâi-dii-mâak-khà
Very good. Everyone did very well.

Example 2:
พยากรณ์อากาศบอกว่าวันนี้แดดจะออกทั้งวัน เยี่ยมมาก
phá-yaa-gaawn-aa-gàat-bàawk-wâa-wan-níi-dàaet-jà-àawk-tháng-wan yîiam-mâak
The weather forecast says it will be sunny all day today. Very good.

A Woman Raising Her Arms to the Sunshine

The weather forecast says it will be sunny all day today. Very good.

3 – Very good. [slang / girl talk]

You will find that women use this word quite a lot when talking to their friends. Its meaning is the same as ดีมาก (dii-mâak) and เยี่ยมมาก (yîiam-mâak).

Example 1:
เครื่องสำอางค์ลดราคาแหละ เริ่ด
khrûueang-sǎm-aang-lót-raa-khaa-làe rôoet
The cosmetics are on sale now. Very good.

Example 2:
แกใส่ชุดนี้แล้วเริ่ดมาก
gaae-sài-chút-níi-láaeo-rôoet-mâak
You look very good in that dress.

4 – What!!

  • Phrase: ว่าไงนะ
  • Pronunciation: wâa-ngai-ná
  • Literal meaning: What did you just say?

This intermediate Thai phrase is an informal way of showing that you’re shocked/surprised by what someone has said or by a situation. It implies that you want them to repeat the message again because what you heard is unbelievable.

Example 1:
ว่าไงนะ แกถูกหวยเหรอ!!
wâa-ngai-ná gaae-thùuk-hǔuai-rhǒoe
What!! You won the lottery?

Example 2:
ว่าไงนะ ไฟไหม้โรงงาน!!
wâa-ngai-ná fai-mâi-roong-ngaan
What!! There is a fire at the factory?

5 – What!!

  • Phrase: อะไรนะ
  • Pronunciation: à-rai-ná
  • Literal meaning: What?

This phrase has exactly the same meaning as ว่าไงนะ (wâa-ngai-ná), and the two phrases are interchangeable. 

Example 1:
อะไรนะ แกใช้เงินเดือนหมดแล้ว! แต่นี่มันเพิ่งต้นเดือนเองนะ
à-rai-ná gaae-chái-ngoen-duuean-mòt-láaeo dtàae-nîi-man-phôeng-dtôn-duuean-eeng-ná
What? You spent all your monthly allowance? But this is just the beginning of the month!

Example 2:
อะไรนะ น้องมีหนี้บัตรเครดิต 1 ล้านบาท!
à-rai-ná náawng-mii-nîi-bàt-khree-dìt-nùeng-láan-bàat
What? You have a credit card debt of one million Baht?

6 – Really?

  • Phrase: จริงเหรอ
  • Pronunciation: jing-rǒoe
  • Literal meaning: Is it true?

You would use this intermediate Thai phrase to show that you doubt whether what the other party said is true.

Example 1:
จริงเหรอ เธออายุ 35 แล้วแน่นะ
jing-rǒoe thooe-aa-yú-sǎam-sìp-hâa-láaeo-nâae-ná
Really? Are you really 35 years old?

Example 2:
ตะวันสอบเลขผ่าน จริงเหรอ
dtà-wan-sàawp-lêek-phàan jing-rǒoe
Tawan passed the math test. Really?

7 – Expressing your thoughts and feelings with adjectives 

  • Sentence structure: adj. + จัง
  • Pronunciation: adj. + jang

You can also use adjectives to express your thoughts or feelings about something. 

Example 1:
ร้อนจัง
ráawn-jang
So hot.

Example 2:
สวยจัง อยากได้บ้าง
sǔuai-jang yàak-dâi-bâang
So beautiful; I want one, too.

5. How to Use Etiquette Phrases in Thai

Finally, let us look at a few intermediate phrases in Thai that you can use in order to be polite in different situations. Learning these phrases will be useful for your daily interactions in both casual and formal contexts. 

1 – Welcome.

This phrase is used to welcome guests in formal situations. 

Example 1:
โรงแรมริมแพ ยินดีต้อนรับค่ะ
roong-raaem-rim-phaae yin-dii-dtâawn-ráp-khâ
Welcome to Rimphaae Hotel.

Example 2:
ยินดีต้อนรับสู่บริษัทของเราค่ะ
yin-dii-dtâawn-ráp-sùu-baaw-rí-sàt-khǎawng-rao-khâ
Welcome to our company.

2 – Please come in.

  • Phrase: เชิญ
  • Pronunciation: chooen
  • Literal meaning: invite

You would use this phrase when inviting someone into your home or place of business. 

Example 1:
เชิญค่ะ กี่ที่คะ
chooen-khâ gìi-thîi-khá
Please come in. How many people? [in a restaurant]

Example 2:
เชิญค่ะ ตามสบายนะคะ
chooen-khâ dtaam-sà-baai-ná-khá
Please come in. Make yourself at home.

3 – Make yourself at home.

When you invite someone to your place and want them to relax, you can use this Thai phrase.

Example 1:
ของบนโต๊ะนี้กินได้หมดเลย ตามสบายนะ
khǎawng-bon-dtó-níi-gin-dái-mòt-looei dtaam-sà-baai-ná
You can eat all of the food on this table. Make yourself at home.

Example 2:
เข้ามาเลย ตามสบายนะ
khâo-maa-looei dtaam-sà-baai-ná
Come in; make yourself at home.

4 – If you have any questions, please ask.

  • Phrase: ถ้าสงสัยอะไร ถามได้นะ
  • Pronunciation: thâa-sǒng-sǎi-à-rai thǎam-dâi-ná
  • Literal meaning: If you doubt anything, you can ask. 

You might hear this Thai phrase after someone explains something to you, for example. 

Example 1:
ข้อมูลทั้งหมดอยู่ในคู่มือนี้ ถ้าอ่านแล้วสงสัยอะไร ถามได้นะครับ
khâaw-muun-tháng-mòt-yùu-nai-khûu-muue-níi thâa-àan-láaeo-sǒng-sǎi-à-rai thǎam-dâi-ná-khráp
All the information is in the manual. If you have any questions after reading it, please ask.

Example 2:
ผมขอจบการพรีเซนต์เพียงเท่านี้ ถ้าสงสัยอะไร ถามได้นะครับ
phǒm-khǎaw-jòp-gaan-phrii-sén-phiiang-thâo-níi thâa-sǒng-sǎi-à-rai thǎam-dâi-ná-khráp
I will end my presentation now. If you have any questions, please ask.

5 – Have a safe trip.

When Thai people know that someone will be traveling, they often wish that person a safe trip using this intermediate-level Thai phrase.

Example 1:
อย่าขับรถเร็วเกินไปหละ เดินทางปลอดภัยนะ
yàa-khàp-rót-reo-gooen-bpai-là dooen-thaang-bplàawt-phai-ná
Don’t drive too fast, and have a safe trip.

Example 2:
แล้วเจอกันพรุ่งนี้ เดินทางปลอดภัยนะ
láaeo-jooe-gan-phrûng-níi dooen-thaang-bplàawt-phai-ná
See you tomorrow. Have a safe trip.

6 – Take care of your health.

  • Phrase: รักษาสุขภาพนะ
  • Pronunciation: rák-sǎa-sùk-khà-phâap-ná
  • Literal meaning: Take care of your health. 

Thai people often use this phrase to show that they care about someone. You can use it with people of all ages.

Example 1:
ช่วงนี้อากาศหนาว รักษาสุขภาพนะคะ
chûuang-níi-aa-gàat-nǎao rák-sǎa-sùk-khà-phâap-ná-khá
It has been quite cold lately; take care of your health.

Example 2:
อาทิตย์หน้า หนูจะมาเยี่ยมคุณยายใหม่ รักษาสุขภาพนะคะ
aa-thít-nâa nǔu-jà-maa-yîiam-khun-yaai-mài rák-sǎa-sùk-khà-phâap-ná-khá
I will visit you (grandma) again next week. Take care of your health.

A Woman Holding an Older Woman’s Hands in Her Own

I will visit you [grandma] again next week. Take care of your health.

7 – Good luck.

When you part ways with someone, you can use this intermediate Thai phrase to wish them luck.

Example 1:
พรุ่งนี้เธอมีสอบนี่ โชคดีนะ
phrûng-níi-thooe-mii-sàawp-nîi chôok-dii-ná
You have a test tomorrow. Good luck.

Example 2:
อย่าลืมเอาโน๊ตบุ๊คไปด้วยหละ โชคดีนะ
yàa-luuem-ao-nóot-búk-bpai-dûuai-là chôok-dii-ná
Don’t forget to bring a laptop with you. Good luck.

6. Conclusion

ดีมากค่ะ (dii-mâak-khâ)! You have already reached the end of this article and picked up the essential Thai phrases for intermediate learners. It will take some time and practice to master these phrases, so don’t feel bad if you can’t remember them all right away.

What are your thoughts on this lesson? Did you think it was too hard, or maybe too easy? Please let us know in the comments! 

Since you’ve finished learning these Thai phrases for the intermediate level, don’t forget to visit ThaiPod101.com and create your free lifetime account today. We have a variety of fun and interesting Thai lessons for you! We recommend starting with these:

Happy Thai learning!

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The Best Thai-Language Podcasts for 2022

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What is the best way to learn a new language quickly and effectively? Most people say that you have to be in a country or environment where people use that language in order to learn it yourself. But if moving to Thailand is not feasible, you have some other options: listening to Thai songs, watching movies or TV shows in Thai, finding a local Thai-speaking community… Still, with a limited budget and the pandemic going on, your options may be limited. This is why Thai-language podcasts might just be your new best friend when it comes to learning the language. 

A Guy Smiling and Listening to Something with Headphones On

Learn Thai at ThaiPod101.com.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Benefits of Learning Thai with Podcasts
  2. The Best Thai Podcasts for Learners
  3. Tips to Help You Learn Thai Effectively with Podcasts
  4. Conclusion

1. Benefits of Learning Thai with Podcasts

As the internet is becoming more widely used, podcasts are increasing in popularity. There’s a lot of content for you to listen to, and finding the right podcast and study methods can help you learn Thai while having fun. Listening to podcasts in Thai will provide you with a range of benefits.

1 – Immersion

Listening to Thai podcasts will allow you to hear people discussing various topics in Thai. In other words, you’ll get to listen to Thai people talk without actually being in Thailand.  

2 – Getting Familiar with the Thai Language

If you listen to podcasts often, you’ll subconsciously become more familiar with the Thai language in terms of pronunciation, grammar, and new vocabulary.

3 – Hearing Various Accents and Ways of Speaking 

While many Thai podcasts lack a clear curriculum, they do have one major advantage over traditional Thai classes: They allow you to hear a variety of accents and introduce you to different ways of speaking. In a classroom setting, teachers often use whichever accent is easiest to understand and don’t speak too quickly. Listening to podcasts, on the other hand, will definitely give you an idea of how Thai people talk in real life.

4 – Various Topics of Interest

If you’re attending a traditional Thai class, the topics you can learn about will be quite limited. But if your Thai is a bit more advanced, you’ll be able to improve your Thai with podcasts while also learning about a variety of topics you might be interested in: history, news, tourism, and the list goes on. This will not only make your Thai learning more interesting, but it will also help you learn about Thai culture and lifestyle. 

5 – Convenience

You can listen to podcasts whenever it’s most convenient for you, such as during breakfast or while driving. You won’t need to have a special “study time,” nor will you have to sit at a desk with your computer and textbooks. Rather, you can listen to Thai podcasts via mobile apps whenever and wherever you want.

A Woman at the Kitchen Table Sipping Tea

Listen to Thai podcasts during breakfast.

6 – Learning at Your Own Pace

You can learn at your own pace with Thai podcasts, as you can choose the podcasts that match your current level and repeat an episode as many times as you need to. If you’re a beginner, you might want to start with a podcast that covers a simple topic or that uses both Thai and English. If you’re an intermediate or advanced learner, you’ll have more flexibility to choose the podcasts that catch your interest. 

7 – Free

Best of all, the majority of Thai-language podcasts are available for free! 

2. The Best Thai Podcasts for Learners

In this section, we’ll give you recommendations for the top podcasts in Thailand. We have included podcasts in a variety of categories, so you’re sure to find one that matches your interests and goals. 

1 – ThaiPod101.com

Theme: Teaching Podcast
Level: Beginner – Advanced

If you aim to learn Thai through a podcast, ThaiPod101.com is your best option. Our Thai learning podcast is made specifically for teaching foreigners Thai, and our content ranges in difficulty from absolute beginner to advanced. Our Thai learners have access to daily podcast episodes, audio lessons, video lessons, a Thai word of the day, and more. And with a premium account, your Thai learning will be even more exciting and effective.  

2 – คำนี้ดี

Theme: English Vocabulary Teaching Podcast
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

คำนี้ดี (kham-níi-dii) is updated every weekday, and episodes are about 20-30 minutes long. This podcast is actually geared toward native Thai speakers who want to learn English, with each episode covering new English vocabulary. While this is not a Thai teaching podcast, you can still take advantage of it to learn the Thai language. Each English vocabulary word will be explained in detail, from its meaning to its nuanced differences from words with a similar meaning. You’ll get to hear about various topics and learn a lot of new Thai words, making this an excellent Thai podcast for intermediate and advanced Thai learners. 

3 – 8 Minutes History

Theme: History
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

If you love a good story and are interested in history, you shouldn’t miss this podcast at any cost! This Thai history podcast will tell you fascinating stories from around the world, covering topics such as “why Hitler lost WWII” and “the origin of the Italian mafia.” Each episode is eight minutes long (as implied by the name), and the podcast is updated every Tuesday and Thursday.

4 – Mission to the Moon

Theme: Business
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

Rawit Hanusaha is the CEO of SRICHAND, a Thai cosmetic brand. He is known for his success in rebranding and modernizing SRICHAND. Needless to say, his viewpoints on business, marketing, management, and inspiration are very interesting. There is a lot of content uploaded every day, so you have to stay tuned! 

5 – Morning Call by Creative Talk

Theme: Work Experiences
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

Despite not being updated in a while, this podcast consists of many stories about experiences in the workplace. Each episode is around 12-20 minutes long, and each one covers an interesting topic such as Murphy’s Law, the meaning of “obstacle,” turning weakness into strength, etc. 

6 – ความสุขโดยสังเกต

Theme: Lifestyle
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

One of the most famous writers in Thailand is นิ้วกลม (níu-glom), who wrote a book titled ความสุขโดยสังเกต (khwaam-sùk-dooi-sǎng-gèet). This book is all about happiness in daily life, and it inspired this popular Thai podcast about how “everyone wants to be happy.” Let’s open our minds and observe together what makes us happy!

A Happy Woman Celebrating while Listening to Something with Headphones

Find out what makes us happy.

7 – R U OK

Theme: Psychology
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

Nowadays, people are becoming more aware of psychological issues. In this engaging Thai podcast, you can learn about certain human behaviors in daily life and decide whether your own behaviors are normal or require help from a specialist. This podcast is updated every Tuesday and Friday, and each episode is around 30 minutes long.

8 – แปดบรรทัดครึ่ง

Theme: Business
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

แปดบรรทัดครึ่ง (bpàaet-ban-thát-khrûeng) means “eight and a half lines.” Kaweewut Temphuwapat is the host of this podcast, and he is known as the leader of the “Design Thinking” concept in Thailand. He shares stories about innovation, management, and marketing, as well as inspiration from all around the world. Those who are currently working will find his story very interesting and helpful. You can tune in every day for a new episode! 

9 – English at Work

Theme: English Teaching Podcast
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

This is another podcast geared toward Thai speakers who want to learn English, and it focuses on English for the workplace. If Thai people can learn English from this podcast, there’s no reason why you can’t learn Thai from it, right? You’ll get to learn new vocabulary and idioms that will help you a bunch when searching for a job in Thailand.

Four Colleagues Discussing Something Important

Learn Thai for the workplace.

10 – What ศัพท์

Theme: English Teaching Podcast
Level: Intermediate – Advanced

Even more advanced learners can struggle when it comes to understanding the news. This is because the vocabulary used on the news tends to differ from what’s used in daily life. The Thai news podcast WHAT ศัพท์ (wáawt-sàp) is geared toward Thai speakers learning English, but you’ll still be able to pick up new vocabulary and idioms as a Thai learner! A new upload is available every Tuesday. 

3. Tips to Help You Learn Thai Effectively with Podcasts

Learning Thai with podcasts is convenient, but it may not be that easy. To help you start off strong, we’ll give you some tips on how to learn Thai more effectively with podcasts. 

1 – Find a podcast that interests you. 

When you’re learning any language, being exposed to it often is essential as it helps you pick up the language more quickly. Listening to podcasts is one of the best ways for foreigners to expose themselves to the Thai language. Still, listening to something you’re not interested in can quickly bore you and make it harder to keep the habit going. It’s important to find a podcast with content that you’re interested in.

2 – List the new words and phrases you learn.

Most of the podcasts on our list were not made with Thai learners in mind. In order to efficiently learn Thai through those podcasts, you’ll need to help yourself a little. When you listen to a podcast and hear new words or phrases, you should make a list and practice using them in original sentences. And for those of you who have a Premium PLUS membership with ThaiPod101.com, you can send your sentences to your teacher for feedback! 

3 – Practice your pronunciation.

Thai tones and pronunciation are not easy. To improve your speaking skills and become more familiar with Thai accents, it’s a good idea to repeat after the host. Despite not fully understanding what the host said, you’ll still get to practice the pronunciation and tones.

A Woman Listening to Something with Headphones

Listen and repeat.

4 – Listen to podcasts often.

Consistency is one of the keys to success in language learning. It takes time to learn any language, and if you can’t visit Thailand, listening to podcasts often will be of tremendous help. As a beginner, you may not fully understand everything. But the more you listen, the more familiar you’ll become with the Thai language. As a result, your Thai skills (especially in listening and speaking) will improve over time.

5 – Ask your teacher if you have any questions.

As you’re still learning Thai, it’s natural that you won’t understand everything you hear in podcasts. For example, you may not understand why the hosts are using a certain ending particle. To make your Thai learning with podcasts even more effective, list any questions you have and ask your Thai teacher in the MyTeacher Messenger on ThaiPod101.com.  

4. Conclusion

We hope you now have a good idea of what Thai podcasts are available to you and which ones you’d like to listen to. If you’ve already been listening to podcasts in Thai, please let us know your favorites in the comments below! 

While Thai podcasts are a great way to learn Thai, you should only use them as a supplement to a more structured approach. Don’t forget to visit ThaiPod101.com, create your free lifetime account, and check out our curated lesson pathways! Below is just a sample of what we have to offer. 

Happy learning! 

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The Essential Thai Phrases for Beginners

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When you start learning any foreign language, it can be a little overwhelming as there’s a lot to learn and remember. It can be especially discouraging if your progress is slow at the beginning. Here’s a shortcut for you: 

We have prepared a comprehensive guide to basic Thai phrases for beginners. You can use these phrases in a variety of situations; this makes them useful for language learners, travelers, or those who have just moved to Thailand and speak only a little Thai. 

Let’s start learning the essential beginner phrases in the Thai language.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Thai Grammar Rules You Should Know
  2. Basic Thai Greetings and Self-introductions
  3. Thai Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions
  4. Basic Thai Phrases for Dining
  5. Basic Thai Phrases for Shopping
  6. Basic Thai Phrases for Getting Help
  7. Conclusion

1. Thai Grammar Rules You Should Know

There are a couple of grammar rules we need to cover before diving into our list. Keeping these rules in mind will make it easier for you to memorize and correctly use the Thai phrases for beginners introduced in this article. 

1 – Male

Pronoun: ผม (phǒm) is the singular first person pronoun (“I”) for males.
Ending particle: ครับ (khráp) is an ending particle for males, used when the speaker wants to make the sentence polite.

2 – Female

Pronoun: ฉัน (chǎn) is the singular first person pronoun (“I”) for females.
Ending particle: ค่ะ (khâ) is an ending particle for females, used when the speaker wants to make the sentence polite.

2. Basic Thai Greetings and Self-introductions

Our first set of basic Thai-language phrases for beginners consists of different ways to greet others and introduce yourself

1 – สวัสดี

Pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii
English: Hello. / Hi.

สวัสดี (sà-wàt-dii) is the basic greeting word in Thai, though it can also mean “goodbye.” Thai people use this word at any time of day when greeting or parting ways. In formal situations, they say สวัสดี (sà-wàt-dii) while doing the action called ไหว้ (wâi).

2 – subject + ชื่อ + ___ (name) + ending particle

Pronunciation: subject + chûue + ___ (name) + ending particle
English: My name is ___ (name).

The structure of this sentence is quite simple. When you introduce yourself, you just have to be careful to use the correct subject and ending particle according to your gender.  

3 – ยินดีที่ได้รู้จัก

Pronunciation: yin-dii-thîi-dâi-rúu-jàk
English: Nice to meet you.

Thai people use this phrase when they’re meeting someone new. In addition, you could say this to someone you’re meeting for the first time through online meetings or email (rather than in person). 

4 – ยินดีที่ได้พบ

Pronunciation: yin-dii-thîi-dâi-phóp
English: Nice to meet you.

This phrase is similar to the one above, but you would use it only once you finally get to meet the person for the first time (in person). 

5 – subject + มาจาก + ประเทศ ___ (name of country) + ending particle

Pronunciation: subject + maa-jàak + bprà-thêet ___ (name of country) + ending particle
English: I’m from ___ (name of country).

This is another useful sentence structure you can use in self-introductions. Again, just remember to use the correct subject and ending particle, and you’ll be fine.

6 – คุณสบายดีไหม

Pronunciation: khun-sà-baai-dii-mǎi
English: How are you?

Asking about the other party is a formal way to start a conversation. Since you would use this phrase in formal situations, don’t forget to add the appropriate ending particle (ครับ – khráp or ค่ะ – khâ) to the end of the sentence as well.

7 – เป็นยังไงบ้าง

Pronunciation: bpen-yang-ngai-bâang
English: How are you?

This phrase has the same meaning as the one above. The difference is that you would use this phrase in a casual conversation.  

8 – Example 1

นารา: สวัสดีค่ะ ฉันชื่อนาราค่ะ
naa-raa: sà-wàt-dii-khâ chǎn-chûue-naa-raa-khâ
Nara: Hello, my name is Nara.

ไมค์: สวัสดีครับ ผมชื่อไมค์ครับ คุณมาจากประเทศอะไรครับ
mái: sà-wàt-dii-khráp phǒm-chûue-mái-khráp khun-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-à-rai-khráp
Mike: Hi, my name is Mike. Where are you from?

นารา: ฉันมาจากประเทศไทยค่ะ แล้วคุณหละคะ
naa-raa: chǎn-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-thai-khâ láaeo-khun-là-khá
Nara: I come from Thailand, what about you?

ไมค์: ผมมาจากประเทศแคนาดาครับ ยินดีที่ได้รู้จักครับ
mái: phǒm-maa-jàak-bprà-thêet-khaae-naa-daa-khráp yin-dii-thîi-dâi-rúu-jàk-khráp
Mike: I come from Canada. Nice to meet you.

นารา: ยินดีที่ได้รู้จักคุณเช่นกันค่ะ
naa-raa: yin-dii-thîi-dâi-rúu-jàk-khun-chên-gan-khâ
Nara: Nice to meet you as well.

A Thai Woman Giving a Greeting

Hello, my name is Nara.

9 – Example 2

มานพ: คุณชื่อเดวิดรึเปล่าครับ ผมมานพครับ เราคุยกับเมื่อวันก่อนทางอีเมล ยินดีที่ได้พบครับ
maa-nóp: khun-chûue-dee-wìt-rúe-bplào-khráp phǒm-maa-nóp-khráp rao-khui-gan-thaang-ii-meeo-mûuea- wan-gàawn yin-dii-thîi-dâi-phóp-khráp
Manop: Are you David? I’m Manop. We talked through email the other day. Nice to meet you.

เดวิด: ใช่ครับ ผมชื่อเดวิดครับ ยินดีที่ได้พบคุณมานพเช่นกันครับ คุณสบายดีไหมครับ
dee-wìt: châi-khráp phǒm-chûue-dee-wìt-khráp yin-dii-thîi-dâi-phóp-khun-maa-nóp-chên-gan-khráp khun- sà-baai-dii-mǎi-khráp
David: Yes, my name is David. Nice to meet you too. How are you?

มานพ: ผมสบายดีครับ คุณเดวิดหละครับ
maa-nóp: phǒm-sà-baai-dii-khráp khun-dee-wìt-là-khráp
Manop: I’m good. What about you?

เดวิด: ช่วงนี้ผมงานเยอะ เลยรู้สึกเหนื่อยนิดหน่อยครับ
dee-wìt: chûuang-níi-phǒm-ngaan-yóe looei-rúu-sùek-nùueai-nít-nàauy-khráp
David: I have a lot of work to do, so I’m a little tired.

An Older Businessman Talking to a Younger One

I’m fine, David.

3. Thai Courtesy Phrases and Social Expressions

Below, we have listed and explained the essential Thai beginner phrases for being polite and courteous in your everyday interactions. Memorize and practice these expressions to make a good impression on native speakers during your visit! 

1 – ขอบคุณ

Pronunciation: khàawp-khun
English: Thank you.

In casual situations, you could just say ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun). But in formal situations, you would want to perform the action called ไหว้ (wâi) while saying this phrase. Also, don’t forget to add the appropriate ending particle (ครับ – khráp or ค่ะ – khâ) to make it sound more polite.

2 – ขอบใจ

Pronunciation: khàawp-jai
English: Thank you.

ขอบใจ (khàawp-jai) has the same meaning as ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), but it is used in different situations. This expression is used by older people or those of a higher status in order to show their gratitude. Thai people don’t add an ending particle to this phrase. 

3 – ยินดี

Pronunciation: yin-dii
English: You are welcome.

When someone tells you ขอบใจ (khàawp-jai) or ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun), you could say this phrase back to them.

4 – ขอโทษ

Pronunciation: khǎaw-thôot
English: Sorry. / Excuse me.

ขอโทษ (khǎaw-thôot) can be used as “sorry” or “excuse me,” depending on the context. When using it to apologize, especially in formal situations, you could also do the action called ไหว้ (wâi).

5 – ไม่เป็นไร

Pronunciation: mâi-bpen-rai
English: It’s okay.

Thai people say ไม่เป็นไร (mâi-bpen-rai) when someone apologizes to them; it lets the other party know that their apology is accepted.

6 – แล้วเจอกันนะ

Pronunciation: láaeo-jooe-gan-ná
English: See you.

Thai people say แล้วเจอกันนะ (láaeo-jooe-gan-ná) when they part ways with someone whom they expect to see again. 

7 – ดูแลตัวเองนะ

Pronunciation: duu-laae-dtuua-eeng-ná
English: Take care.

ดูแลตัวเองนะ (duu-laae-dtuua-eeng-ná) is another goodbye expression. This one shows that the speaker cares for the other person. 

8 – โชคดีนะ

Pronunciation: chôok-dii-ná
English: Good luck.

Similar to ดูแลตัวเองนะ (duu-laae-dtuua-eeng-ná), Thai people say โชคดีนะ (chôok-dii-ná) when parting ways

9 – Example 1

พนักงานเสิร์ฟ: คุณคะ คุณลืมโทรศัพท์มือถือไว้ที่โต๊ะอาหารค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan-sòoep: khun-khá khun-luuem-thoo-rá-sàp-muue-thǔue-wái-thîi-dtó-aa-hǎan-khâ
Waitress: Hey, you forgot your mobile phone at the dining table.

ลูกค้า: จริงด้วย ขอบคุณนะคะ
lûuk-kháa: jing-dûuai khàawp-khun-ná-khá
Customer: That is right. Thank you.

พนักงานเสิร์ฟ: ยินดีค่ะ โอกาสหน้าเชิญร้านเราอีกนะคะ
phá-nák-ngaan-sòoep: yin-dii-khâ oo-gàat-nâa-chooen-ráan-rao-ìik-ná-khá
Waitress: You are welcome. And please visit our restaurant again.

10 – Example 2

หลานสาว: คุณยายคะ หนูทำขนมเค้กมาฝากค่ะ
lǎan-sǎao: khun-yaai-khá nǔu-tham-khà-nǒm-khéek-maa-fàak-khâ
Niece: Grandma, I baked a cake for you.

คุณยาย: ขอบใจจ้ะ แล้วเมื่อวานนี้ หนูได้ซื้อนมให้ยายรึเปล่าจ๊ะ
khun-yaai: khàawp-jai-jâ láaeo-mûuea-waan-níi nǔu-dâi-súue-nom-hâi-yaai-rúe-bplàao-já
Grandma: Thank you. By the way, did you buy milk for me yesterday?

หลานสาว: ขอโทษค่ะ หนูลืมสนิทเลยค่ะ
lǎan-sǎao: khǎaw-thôot-khâ nǔu-luuem-sà-nìt-looei-khâ
Niece: I’m sorry. I totally forgot about it.

คุณยาย: ไม่เป็นไรจ้ะ 
khun-yaai: mâi-bpen-rai-jâ
Grandma: It’s okay.

หลานสาว: หนูต้องกลับแล้วค่ะ คุณยายดูแลตัวเองนะคะ แล้วเจอกันพรุ่งนี้นะคะ
lǎan-sǎao: nǔu-dtâawng-glàp-láaeo-khâ khun-yaai-duu-laae-dtuua-eeng-ná-khá láaeo-jooe-gan-phrûng-níi- ná-khá
Niece: I have to go now. Please take care of yourself, and see you tomorrow.

คุณยาย: จ้ะ โชคดีนะ
khun-yaai: jâ chôok-dii-ná
Grandma: Good luck.

A Woman Talking and Holding Hands with Her Grandmother

I have to go now. Please take care of yourself, and see you tomorrow.

4. Basic Thai Phrases for Dining

Thailand is the perfect place to find good food, 24-7! If you visit Thailand, knowing these simple Thai beginner phrases for dining out will help you make the most of your culinary adventure. 

1 – ขอเมนูหน่อย

Pronunciation: khǎaw-mee-nuu-nàauy
English: I want a menu.

Many local restaurants that have only a few dishes available will have the menu shown on the wall. However, in most larger restaurants, you can ask for a menu from the waiter or waitress.

2 – สั่งอาหารหน่อย

Pronunciation: sàng-aa-hǎan-nàauy
English: I want to order.

You can say this phrase to the waiter or waitress to let them know you’re ready to order.  

3 – มีอาหารแนะนำมั้ย

Pronunciation: mii-aa-hǎan-náe-nam-mâi
English: Do you have any recommended dishes?

If there is a lot to choose from and you’re not sure which dish to try, you could ask the waiter or waitress this question.

4 – subject + เอาอันนี้ + ___ (number) + ที่

Pronunciation: subject + ao-an-níi + ___ (number) + thîi
English: I want ___ (number) of this.

If you don’t know (or can’t pronounce) the name of the food item, you can point at the name or picture and say this phrase. You can also use this phrase to tell them how many you want.

5 – subject + เอา + ___ (name of the dish) + ___ (number) + ที่

Pronunciation: subject + ao + ___ (name of the dish) + ___ (number) + thîi
English: I want ___ (number) of ___ (name of the dish).

If you know the name of the food item or dish, just substitute อันนี้ (an-níi) with the name of the dish.

6 – เอาเผ็ดน้อย

Pronunciation: ao-phèt-náauy
English: Not so spicy, please.

If you can eat spicy food but aren’t sure how much spice you can handle, tell the waiter or waitress this after ordering the food.

7 – เอาไม่เผ็ด

Pronunciation: ao-mâi-phèt
English: Not spicy, please.

If you can’t eat spicy food at all, don’t forget to tell the waiter or waitress this after ordering the food.

8 – สั่งกลับบ้าน

Pronunciation: sàng-glàp-bâan
English: Takeaway, please.

If you want to order takeout, say this phrase either before or after your order. If you don’t tell them this, they will assume you’ll have your meal at the restaurant.

9 – คิดเงินหน่อย

Pronunciation: khít-ngooen-nàauy
English: Bill, please.

You can say this phrase to the waiter or waitress to let them know you’re ready to pay.

10 – Example 

ลูกค้า: ขอเมนูหน่อยค่ะ มีอาหารแนะนำมั้ยคะ
lûuk-kháa: khǎaw-mee-nuu-nàauy-khâ mii-aa-hǎan-náe-nam-mái-khá
Customer: I want a menu. Do you have any recommended dishes?

พนักงานเสิร์ฟ: นี่เมนูค่ะ อาหารที่ขายดีของร้านเรา คือ ผัดไทยกุ้งสดค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan-sòoep: nîi-mee-nuu-khâ aa-hǎan-thîi-khǎai-dii-khǎawng-ráan-rao-khuue-phàt-thai-gûng-sòt-khâ
Waitress: Here is the menu. The popular dish of our restaurant is “pad thai with shrimp.”

ลูกค้า: ฉันเอาผัดไทย 1 ที่และเอาอันนี้ 1 ที่ สั่งกลับบ้านค่ะ เอาไม่เผ็ดนะคะ
lûuk-kháa: chǎn-ao-phàt-thai-gûng-sòt-nùeng-thîi-láe-ao-an-níi-nùeng-thîi  sàng-glàp-bâan-khâ ao-mâi- phèt-ná-khá
Customer: I want one pad thai with shrimp and one to take home, not spicy please.

พนักงานเสิร์ฟ: อาหารมาแล้วค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan-sòoep: aa-hǎan-maa-láaeo-khâ
Waitress: Here is your food.

ลูกค้า: คิดเงินหน่อยค่ะ 
lûuk-kháa: khít-ngooen-nàauy-khâ
Customer: Bill, please.

พนักงานเสิร์ฟ: 100 บาทค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan-sòoep: nùeng-ráauy-bàat-khâ
Waitress: 100 Baht.

A Couple Ordering Food in a Thai Restaurant

I want one pad thai with shrimp and one to take home, not spicy please.

5. Basic Thai Phrases for Shopping

If you love shopping, you must know these useful Thai phrases for beginners. They will allow you to easily buy things on your own. 

1 – ขอโทษ

Pronunciation: khǎaw-thôot
English: Excuse me

You would use this phrase to get a seller’s attention.

2 – subject + อยากได้ + ___ (noun)

Pronunciation: subject + yàak-dâi + ___ (noun).
English: I want ___.

This is a simple Thai sentence you could use to tell a vendor what you want. If you don’t know what the item is called in Thai, you could point to it and say อันนี้ (an-níi) – “this one” instead.

3 – มี + ___ (noun) + ขายมั้ย

Pronunciation: mii + ___ (noun) + khǎai-mái
English: Do you have ___ (noun)?

If you’re not sure whether the shop carries the item you want, you could use this phrase to ask. Like with the previous phrase, if you’re not sure what it’s called, you can show the seller a picture of it and say อันนี้ (an-níi) – “this one.” 

4 – ___ (noun) + อยู่ตรงไหน

Pronunciation: ___ (noun) + yùu-dtrong-nǎi
English: Where is ___ (noun)?

You can ask this question if you can’t find the item you’re looking for. Like with the phrases above, you can use the word อันนี้ (an-níi) – “this one” in place of the noun. 

5 – จ่ายเงินตรงไหน

Pronunciation: jàai-ngooen-dtrong-nǎi
English: Where is the cashier?

If you’re in a local shop and not sure where to pay, or if you’re in the department store and can’t find the cashier, you can ask this question.

6 – ราคาเท่าไหร่

Pronunciation: raa-khaa-thâo-rài
English: How much is it?

This is a simple question used to ask for the price. If you want to be more specific, you could add the name of the item or the word อันนี้ (an-níi) – “this one” to the beginning of the question.

7 – ลดหน่อยได้มั้ย

Pronunciation: lót-nàauy-dâi-mái
English: Can you give me a discount?

If you’re in a local shop or a fresh market, you can ask this question to try getting a discount. But keep in mind that it won’t work if you’re shopping in a department store or a convenience store.

8 – มีโปรโมชั่นมั้ย

Pronunciation: mii-bproo-moo-chân-mái
English: Are there any promotions?

If you want to get a special offer when shopping in a department store or a convenience store, you could ask this question.

9 – จ่ายด้วยบัตรเครดิตได้มั้ย

Pronunciation: jàai-dûuai-bàt-khree-dìt-dâi-mái
English: Can I pay with a credit card?

If you’re at a restaurant, department store, or convenience store, you can try asking this. Some stores have a minimum amount of 300 Baht, but some stores don’t.

10 – Example

ลูกค้า: ขอโทษครับ คุณมีนมถั่วเหลืองขายมั้ยครับ
lûuk-kháa: khǎaw-thôot-khráp khun-mii-nom-thùua-lǔueang-khǎai-mái-khráp
Customer: Excuse me, do you have soy milk?

พนักงาน: มีค่ะ อยู่ทางด้านโน้นค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: mii-khâ yùu-thaang-dâan-núun-khâ
Staff: Yes, we do. It is over there.

ลูกค้า: ผมอยากได้ซีเรียลด้วยครับ ซีเรียลอยู่ตรงไหนครับ
lûuk-kháa: phǒm-yàak-dâi-sii-rîiao-dûuai-khráp sii-rîiao-yùu-dtrong-nǎi-khráp
Customer: I want cereal, too. Where is it?

พนักงาน: ซีเรียลอยู่ที่ชั้นทางด้านซ้ายค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: sii-rîiao-yùu-thîi-chán-dâan-sáai-khâ
Staff: It is on the shelf on the left.

ลูกค้า: ขอบคุณครับ จ่ายเงินตรงไหนครับ
lûuk-kháa: khàawp-khun-khráp jàai-ngooen-dtrong-nǎi-khráp
Customer: Thank you. Where is the cashier?

พนักงาน: ทางนี้ค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: thaang-níi-khâ
Staff: This way.

ลูกค้า: ราคาเท่าไหร่ครับ
lûuk-kháa: raa-khaa-thâo-rài-khráp
Customer: How much is it?

พนักงาน: 250 บาทค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: sǎawng-ráauy-hâa-sìp-bàat-khâ
Staff: 250 Baht.

ลูกค้า: มีโปรโมชั่นมั้ยครับ
lûuk-kháa: mii-bproo-moo-chân-mái-khráp
Customer: Are there any promotions?

พนักงาน: ตอนนี้ไม่มีค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: dtaawn-níi-mâi-mii-khâ
Staff: Not at the moment. 

ลูกค้า: จ่ายด้วยบัตรเครดิตได้มั้ยครับ
lûuk-kháa: jàai-dûuai-bàt-khree-dìt-dâi-mái-khráp
Customer: Can I pay with a credit card?

พนักงาน: ได้ค่ะ
phá-nák-ngaan: dâi-khâ
Staff: Yes, you can.

Someone Handing Over a Credit Card to Pay for Something

Can I pay with a credit card?

6. Basic Thai Phrases for Getting Help

Wherever you are, the unexpected can happen. If you’re in Thailand, knowing some Thai survival phrases will make life much easier. 

1 – ช่วยด้วย

Pronunciation: chûuai-dûuai
English: Help!

If you’re in a bad situation, such as a fire, robbery, or car accident, don’t hesitate to shout this word for help.

2 – ช่วยเรียกรถพยาบาลหน่อย

Pronunciation: chûuai-rîiak-rót-phá-yaa-baan-nàauy
English: Please call an ambulance.

If you need medical help, you can ask for an ambulance using this request.

3 – ___ (place) อยู่ที่ไหน

Pronunciation: ___ (place) + yùu-thîi-nǎi
English: Where is ___?

This is a useful question pattern you could use to get directions to important places, such as a bathroom, hospital, or police station.

4 – คุณพูดภาษาอังกฤษได้มั้ย

Pronunciation: khun-phûut-phaa-sǎa-ang-grìt-dâi-mái
English: Can you speak English?

Some Thai people can speak English, so it would be good to check before proceeding to ask your next question. FYI: Thai people are very kind. Even if they don’t speak English, most of them will still be willing to help you.

5 – subject + ไม่เข้าใจ

Pronunciation: subject + mâi-khâo-jai
English: I don’t understand.

If you know a little bit of Thai, you could attempt using it to talk with native speakers. If you don’t understand what they’re saying, tell them directly; they will try to find another way to communicate with you.

6 – ช่วยพูดอีกครั้งได้มั้ย

Pronunciation: chûuai-phûut-ìik-khráng-dâi-mái
English: Can you repeat it one more time?

You could ask this if you didn’t understand everything they said and want them to repeat the sentence again.

7 – ช่วยพูดช้า ๆ ได้มั้ย

Pronunciation: chûuai-phûut-chá-chá-dâi-mái
English: Can you speak slowly?

You could ask this if you didn’t understand everything they said and want them to speak a little slower.

8 – อันนี้ ภาษาไทยเรียกว่าอะไร

Pronunciation: an-níi phaa-sǎa-thai-rîiak-wâa-à-rai
English: What is this called in Thai?

If you want to know what something is called in Thai, you can point to that object and ask this question.

9 – คำนี้ ภาษาไทยคืออะไร

Pronunciation: kham-níi phaa-sǎa-thai-khuue-à-rai
English: What is “___” in Thai?

If you want to know the Thai meaning or translation of a word, you can ask this question.

10 – Example 1

มาเรีย: ช่วยด้วย!
maa-riia: chûuai-dûuai
Maria: Help!

วรรณา: เกิดอะไรขึ้น
wan-naa: gòoet-à-rai-khûen
Wanna: What’s happening?

มาเรีย: จู่ ๆ เขาก็หมดสติ ช่วยเรียกรถพยาบาลหน่อย
maa-riia: jùu-jùu-khǎo-gâaw-mòt-sà-dtì chûuai-rîiak-rót-phá-yaa-baan-nàauy
Maria: Suddenly, he lost consciousness. Can you call an ambulance?

11 – Example 2

แซม: ขอโทษครับ คุณพูดภาษาอังกฤษได้มั้ยครับ
saaem: khǎaw-thôot-khráp khun-phûut-phaa-sǎa-ang-grìt-dâi-mái-khráp
Sam: Excuse me, can you speak English?

ฤดี: พูดไม่ได้ค่ะ
rúe-dee: phûut-mâi-dâi-khâ
Ruedee: I can’t speak English.

แซม: ไม่เป็นไรครับ ผมพูดภาษาไทยได้นิดหน่อย แต่ช่วยพูดช้า ๆ ได้มั้ยครับ
saaem: mâi-bpen-rai-khráp phǒm-phûut-phaa-sǎa-thai-dâi-nít-nàauy dtàae-chûuai-phûut-chá-chá-dâi-mái- khráp
Sam: That’s okay. I can speak Thai a little. But can you speak slowly?

ฤดี: ได้ค่ะ
rúe-dee: dâi-khâ
Ruedee: Sure.

*Sam shows a picture to Ruedee.*

แซม: อันนี้ ภาษาไทยเรียกว่าอะไรครับ
saaem: an-níi phaa-sǎa-thai-rîiak-wâa-à-rai-khráp
Sam: What is this called in Thai?

ฤดี: โรงพยาบาลค่ะ
rúe-dee: roong-phá-yaa-baan-khâ
Ruedee: It is called “roong-phá-yaa-baan.”

แซม: แถวนี้มีโรงพยาบาลมั้ยครับ
saaem: thǎaeo-níi-mii-roong-phá-yaa-baan-mái-khráp
Sam: Is there a hospital nearby?

ฤดี: มีค่ะ ตรงไปแล้วเลี้ยวซ้ายค่ะ
rúe-dee: mii-khâ dtrong-bpai-lâaeo-líiao-sáai-khâ
Ruedee: Yes, there is. You go straight and turn left.

แซม: ผมไม่เข้าใจครับ ช่วยพูดอีกครั้งได้มั้ยครับ
saaem: phǒm-mâi-khâo-jai-khráp chûuai-phûut-ìik-khráng-dâi-mái-khráp
Sam: I don’t understand. Can you repeat it one more time?

ฤดี: ตรงไป แล้ว เลี้ยวซ้ายค่ะ
rúe-dee: dtrong-bpai láaeo líiao-sáai-khâ
Ruedee: Go straight and turn left.

แซม: ขอบคุณครับ
saaem: khàawp-khun-khráp
Sam: Thank you.

A Woman at an Info Center Giving Directions to a Tourist

Is there a hospital nearby?

7. Conclusion

What did you think about this list of essential Thai phrases for beginners? How many can you remember? Please let us know in the comments! 

Now that you’ve finished studying Thai beginner phrases, we recommend exploring the variety of interesting lessons available here on ThaiPod101.com. Here are some of our recommendations: 

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A Useful List of Advanced Thai Words

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Have you been learning Thai for a while and want to continue expanding your knowledge? If you already feel comfortable using the language at an intermediate level, it’s time to press onward and start learning advanced Thai vocabulary. Picking up more sophisticated words and terms will enable you to understand more complex conversations and communicate more like a native speaker.

To help you start strong, we have prepared this practical list of advanced Thai vocabulary words. For each word, we have included: 

  • English translation
  • Part of speech
  • Example(s) of use

At ThaiPod101.com, it’s our goal to make learning Thai easy and fun! Keep reading to become acquainted with the most important advanced words in the Thai language.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Academic Words
  2. Advanced Business Words
  3. Advanced Medical Words
  4. Advanced Legal Words
  5. Alternative Words for More Sophisticated Writing & Speech
  6. Conclusion

1. Advanced Academic Words

Do you plan to study in Thailand? Learning these advanced Thai words for essays, thesis papers, and academic reading will help you thrive and flourish in any Thai school

1 – วิทยานิพนธ์

Pronunciation: wít-thá-yaa-ní-phon
English meaning: thesis
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เธอทำวิทยานิพนธ์เสร็จหรือยัง
thooe-tham-wít-thá-yaa-ní-phon-sèt-rǔue-yang
Have you finished your thesis?

2 – คำนำ / บทนำ

Pronunciation: kham-nam / bòt-nam
English meaning: introduction
Part of speech: noun

Example 1:
คำนำไม่ควรยาวเกิน 1 หน้านะ
kham-nam-mâi-khuuan-yaao-gooen-nùeng-nâa-ná
The introduction shouldn’t be longer than one page.

Example 2:
บทนำไม่ควรยาวเกิน 1 หน้านะ
bòt-nam-mâi-khuuan-yaao-gooen-nùeng-nâa-ná
The introduction shouldn’t be longer than one page.

3 – สารบัญ

Pronunciation: sǎa-rá-ban
English meaning: table of contents
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันลืมพิมพ์สารบัญ
chǎn-luuem-phim-sǎa-rá-ban
I forgot to print the table of contents.

4 – วิจัย

Pronunciation: wí-jai
English meaning: research
Part of speech: verb

Example:
เธอยังไม่เริ่มทำวิจัยอีกเหรอ แล้วจะทำวิทยานิพนธ์เสร็จทันมั้ย
thooe-yang-mâi-rôoem-tham-wí-jai-ìik-rǒoe láaeo-jà-tham-wít-thá-yaa-ní-phon-sèt-than-mái
You haven’t even started research? Will you be able to finish the thesis in time?

5 – ความเป็นมาและความสำคัญของปัญหา

Pronunciation: khwaam-bpen-maa-láe-khwaam-sǎm-khan-khǎawng-bpan-hǎa
English meaning: problem statement
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เวลาเริ่มทำวิทยานิพนธ์ ต้องเริ่มจากการเขียนความเป็นมาและความสำคัญของปัญหา
wee-laa-rôoem-tham-wít-thá-yaa-ní-phon dtâawng-rôoem-jàak-gaan-khǐian-khwaam-bpen-maa-láe-khwaam-sǎm-khan-khǎawng-bpan-hǎa
When doing a thesis, you should start with a problem statement.

6 – วัตถุประสงค์ / เป้าหมาย

Pronunciation: wát-thù-bprà-sǒng / bpâo-mǎai
English meaning: objective
Part of speech: noun

Example 1: 
วัตถุประสงค์ในการทำวิจัยนี้คืออะไร
wát-thù-bprà-sǒng-nai-gaan-tham-wí-jai-níi-khuue-à-rai
What is the objective of this research?

Example 2:
เป้าหมายในการทำวิจัยนี้คืออะไร
bpâo-mǎai-nai-gaan-tham-wí-jai-níi-khuue-à-rai
What is the objective of this research?

Additional note:
วัตถุประสงค์ sounds more formal than เป้าหมาย.

7 – การทบทวนวรรณกรรม

Pronunciation: gaan-thóp-thuuan-wan-ná-gam
English meaning: literature review
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันทำการทบทวนวรรณกรรมไม่เป็น เธอสอนฉันหน่อยได้มั้ย
chǎn-tham-gaan-thóp-thuuan-wan-ná-gam-mâi-bpen thooe-sǎawn-chǎn-nàuuy-dâi-mâi
I don’t know how to do a literature review. Can you teach me?

8 – คำนิยาม

Pronunciation: kham-ní-yaam
English meaning: definition
Part of speech: noun

Example:
คำนิยามของคำนี้คืออะไร
kham-ní-yaam-khǎawng-kham-níi-khuue-à-rai
What is the definition of this word?

9 – คำอธิบาย

Pronunciation: kham-à-thí-baai
English meaning: explanation
Part of speech: noun

Example:
อย่าลืมเขียนคำอธิบายไว้ท้ายรายงานด้วยนะ
yàa-luuem-khǐian-kham-à-thí-baai-wái-tháai-raai-ngaan-dûuay-ná
Don’t forget to write an explanation at the end of the report.

10 – วิธีดำเนินการทำวิจัย

Pronunciation: wí-thii-dam-nooen-gaan-tham-wí-jai
English meaning: research methodology
Part of speech: noun

Example:
คุณน่าจะขอคำแนะนำเกี่ยวกับวิธีดำเนินการทำวิจัยจากอาจารย์นะ
khun-nâa-jà-khǎaw-kham-náe-nam-gìiao-gàp-wí-thii-dam-nooen-gaan-tham-wí-jai-jàak-aa-jaan-ná
You should ask for advice about research methodology from your teacher.

11 – การเก็บรวบรวมข้อมูล

Pronunciation: gaan-gèb-rûuap-ruuam-khâaw-muun
English meaning: sample and data collection
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันใช้เวลา 3 เดือนในการเก็บรวบรวมข้อมูล
chǎn-chái-wee-laa-sǎam-duuean-nai-gaan-gèb-rûuap-ruuam-khâaw-muun
I spent three months on sample and data collection.

12 – ผลวิเคราะห์ข้อมูล

Pronunciation: phǒn-wí-khráw-khâaw-muun
English meaning: data analysis
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันจะได้ผลวิเคราะห์ข้อมูลเมื่อไหร่
chǎn-jà-dâi-phǒn-wí-khráw-khâaw-muun-mûuea-rài
When will I get the data analysis?

13 – บทสรุป

Pronunciation: bòt-sà-rùp
English meaning: conclusion
Part of speech: noun

Example:
บทสรุปของเธอดีมาก
bòt-sà-rùp-khǎawng-thooe-dii-mâak
Your conclusion is very good.

14 – อภิปราย

Pronunciation: à-phí-bpraai
English meaning: to discuss
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
มาอภิปรายประเด็นนี้อีกครั้งเถอะ
maa-à-phí-bpraai-bprà-den-níi-ìik-khráng-thòe
Let’s discuss this topic again.

15 – ข้อเสนอแนะ

Pronunciation: khâaw-sà-nǒoe-náe
English meaning: suggestion
Part of speech: noun

Example:
เธอควรจะเขียนข้อเสนอแนะซัก 2-3 ข้อนะ
thooe-khuuan-ja-khǐian-khâaw-sà-nǒoe-náe-sák-sǎawng-sǎam-khâaw-ná
You should write a few suggestions.

16 – ดัชนี

Pronunciation: dàt-chá-nii
English meaning: index
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ปกติแล้ว ดัชนีจะอยู่ส่วนท้ายของรายงาน
bpòk-gà-dtì-láaeo dàt-chá-nii-jà-yùu-sùuan-tháai-khǎawng-raai-ngaan
Normally, the index is put at the end of the report.

17 – อ้างอิง

Pronunciation: âang-ing
English meaning: to cite
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
อย่าลืมอ้างอิงที่มาที่ไปของข้อมูลนะ
yàa-luuem-âang-ing-thîi-maa-thîi-bpai-khǎawng-khâaw-muun-ná
Don’t forget to cite the source of information.

18 – สมมติฐาน

Pronunciation: sǒm-mút-dtì-thǎan
English meaning: assumption
Part of speech: noun

Example:
เธอตั้งสมมุติฐานไว้ว่ายังไง
thooe-dtâng-sǒm-mút-dtì-thǎan-wái-wâa-yang-ngai
What is your assumption?

19 – เชิงอรรถ

Pronunciation: chooeng-àt
English meaning: footnote
Part of speech: noun

Example:
เชิงอรรถคืออะไร
chooeng-àt-khuue-à-rai
What is the footnote?

20 – ทฤษฎี

Pronunciation: thrít-sà-dii
English meaning: theory
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันไม่เข้าใจทฤษฎีนี้เลยซักนิดเดียว มันยากมาก
chǎn-mâi-khâo-jai-thrít-sà-dii-níi-looei-sák-nít-diiao man-yâak-mâak
I don’t understand a thing about this theory. It is extremely difficult.

21 – การประเมิน

Pronunciation: gaan-bprà-mooen
English meaning: assessment
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ลดาไม่ผ่านการประเมิน
lá-daa-mâi-phàan-gaan-bprà-mooen
Lada did not pass the assessment.

22 – การโต้วาที

Pronunciation: gaan-dtôo-waa-thii
English meaning: debate
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การโต้วาทีหัวข้อนี้น่าสนใจมาก
gaan-dtôo-waa-thii-hǔua-khâaw-níi-nâa-sǒn-jai-mâak
The topic of this debate is very interesting.

A Red Figure Debating with a Blue Figure

23 – เกณฑ์การประเมิน

Pronunciation: geen-gaan-bprà-mooen
English meaning: evaluation criteria
Part of speech: noun

Example:
อย่าลืมดูเกณฑ์การประเมินนะ
yàa-luuem-duu-geen-gaan-bprà-mooen-ná
Don’t forget to look at the evaluation criteria.

2. Advanced Business Words

For those who are doing business in Thailand, knowing these advanced Thai vocabulary words will make all the difference in your day-to-day communications. We have included terminology related to companies, policies, and the business world, as well as words you could use in the workplace

1 – กรรมการ

Pronunciation: gam-má-gaan
English meaning: director
Part of speech: noun

Example:
บริษัทนี้มีกรรมการ 5 คน
baaw-rí-sàt-níi-mii-gam-má-gaan-hâa-khon
There are five directors in this company.

2 – ที่ปรึกษา

Pronunciation: thîi-bprùk-sǎa
English meaning: consultant
Part of speech: noun

Example:
คุณมินตราเป็นที่ปรึกษาของบริษัทเรา
khun-min-dtraa-bpen-thîi-bprùk-sǎa-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-rao
Mintra is our company’s consultant.

3 – ผู้จัดการ

Pronunciation: phûu-jàt-gaan
English meaning: manager
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ผู้จัดการเพิ่งลาออกจากบริษัทไป
phûu-jàt-gaan-phôoeng-laa-àawk-jàak-baaw-rí-sàt-bpai
The manager just resigned from our company.

4 – รองผู้จัดการ

Pronunciation: raawng-phûu-jàt-gaan
English meaning: assistant manager
Part of speech: noun

Example:
รองผู้จัดการได้เลื่อนตำแหน่งเป็นผู้จัดการเดือนที่แล้ว
raawng-phûu-jàt-gaan-dâi-lûuean-dtam-nàaeng-bpen-phûu-jàt-gaan-dooen-thîi-láaeo
The assistant manager was just promoted to manager last month.

5 – ผู้ถือหุ้น

Pronunciation: phûu-thǔue-hûn
English meaning: shareholder
Part of speech: noun

Example:
เมื่อวานนี้มีประชุมผู้ถือหุ้น
mûuea-waan-níi-mii-bprà-chum-phûu-thǔue-hûn
There was a shareholder meeting yesterday.

6 – ตลาดหุ้น

Pronunciation: dtà-làat-hûn
English meaning: stock market
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ตลาดหุ้นตกสัปดาห์ที่แล้ว
dtà-làat-hûn-dtòk-sàp-daa-thîi-láaeo
The stock market crashed last week.

7 – กำไร

Pronunciation: gam-rai
English meaning: profit
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ปีนี้กำไรของบริษัทเพิ่มขึ้น
bpii-níi-gam-rai-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-phôoem-khûen
The company’s profit increased this year.

An Image Depicting a Steady Increase in Profit

The company’s profit increased this year.

8 – ขาดทุน

Pronunciation: khàat-thun
English meaning: loss
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ธุรกิจของเธอไม่ค่อยดี ดูเหมือนว่าจะขาดทุน
thú-rá-gìt-khǎawng-thooe-mâi-khâauy-dii duu-mǔuean-wâa-jà-khàat-thun
Her business doesn’t look so good. It seems like a loss.

9 – เงินปันผล

Pronunciation: ngoen-bpan-phǒn
English meaning: dividend
Part of speech: noun

Example:
กองทุนนี้จ่ายเงินปันผลดีมาก
gaawng-thun-níi-jàai-ngoen-bpan-phǒn-dii-mâak
The dividend of this fund is very good.

10 – ผลตอบแทน

Pronunciation: phǒn-dtàawp-thaaen
English meaning: return on investment
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ทุกคนอยากได้ผลตอบแทนมาก ๆ จากการลงทุน
thúk-khon-yàak-dâi-phǒn-dtàawp-thaaen-mâak-mâak-jàak-gaan-long-thun
Everyone wants a high return on investment.

11 – กองทุน

Pronunciation: gaawng-thun
English meaning: fund
Part of speech: noun

Example:
กองทุนนี้มีผลการดำเนินงานดี
gaawng-thun-níi-mii-phǒn-gaan-dam-nooen-ngaan-dii
This fund has a good performance.

12 – รายได้

Pronunciation: raai-dâi
English meaning: revenue
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ผมอยากได้รายงานรายได้ของเดือนนี้
phǒm-yàak-dâi-raai-ngaan-raai-dâi-khǎawng-duuean-níi
I want a revenue report for this month.

13 – ค่าใช้จ่าย

Pronunciation: khâa-chái-jàai
English meaning: expense
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ค่าใช้จ่ายในการซ่อมบำรุงสูงมาก
khâa-chái-jàai-nai-gaan-sâawm-bam-rung-sǔung-mâak
The maintenance expense is really high.

14 – ภาษี

Pronunciation: phaa-sǐi
English meaning: tax
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ภาษีมูลค่าเพิ่มในประเทศไทยคือเท่าไหร่
phaa-sǐi-muun-lá-khâa-phôoem-nai-bprà-thêet-thai-khuue-thâo-rài
What is the rate of value-add tax in Thailand?

15 – ล้มละลาย

Pronunciation: lóm-lá-laai
English meaning: bankrupt
Part of speech: verb

Example:
เขาเครียดมาก เพราะบริษัทของเขากำลังจะล้มละลาย
khǎo-khrîiat-mâak phráw-baaw-rí-sàt-khǎawng-khǎo-gam-lang-jà-lóm-lá-laai
He is so stressed because his company is about to go bankrupt.

16 – สวัสดิการ

Pronunciation: sà-wàt-dì-gaan
English meaning: welfare
Part of speech: noun

Example:
สวัสดิการของบริษัทนี้ดีมาก
sà-wàt-dì-gaan-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-níi-dii-mâak
The welfare of this company is really good.

17 – ชดเชย

Pronunciation: chót-chooei
English meaning: compensate
Part of speech: verb

Example:
คุณจะชดเชยต่อความเสียหายนี้เท่าไหร่
khun-jà-chót-chooei-dtàaw-khwaam-sǐia-hǎai-níi-thâo-rài
How much will you compensate for this damage?

18 – การจ้างงาน

Pronunciation: gaan-jâang-ngaan
English meaning: employment
Part of speech: noun

Example:
การจ้างงานของบริษัทปีที่แล้วลดลง
gaan-jâang-ngaan-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-bpii-thîi-láaeo-lót-long
The company’s employment rate decreased last year.

19 – สำนักงานใหญ่

Pronunciation: sǎm-nák-ngaan-yài
English meaning: head office
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
สำนักงานใหญ่ของบริษัทนี้อยู่ที่ไหน
sǎm-nák-ngaan-yài-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-níi-yùu-thîi-nǎi
Where is this company’s head office?

20 – สาขา

Pronunciation: sǎ-khǎa
English meaning: branch
Part of speech: noun

Example:
สาขาที่ใกล้ที่สุดอยู่ที่สีลม
sǎ-khǎa-thîi-glâi-thîi-sùt-yùu-thîi-sǐi-lom
The closest branch is at Silom.

21 – นโยบาย

Pronunciation: ná-yoo-baai
English meaning: policy
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ขอทราบนโยบายการเปลี่ยนคืนสินค้า
khǎaw-sâap-ná-yoo-baai-gaan-bplìian-khuuen-sǐn-kháa
Please tell me about the return policy.

22 – เอสเอ็มอี

Pronunciation: éet-em-ii
English meaning: SME (stands for “small and medium enterprises”)
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ธุรกิจของบ้านฉันเป็นธุรกิจเอสเอ็มอี
thú-rá-gìt-khǎawng-bâan-chǎn-bpen-thú-rá-gìt-éet-em-ii
My family business is an SME.

23 – ธุรกิจ

Pronunciation: thú-rá-gìt
English meaning: business
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เธอกำลังทำธุรกิจใหม่
thooe-gam-lang-tham-thú-rá-gìt-mài
She is starting a new business.

24 – ใบเสร็จ

Pronunciation: bai-sèt
English meaning: receipt
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ฉันทำใบเสร็จหาย
chǎn-tham-bai-sèt-hǎai
I lost the receipt.

25 – ใบกำกับภาษี

Pronunciation: bai-gam-gàp-phaa-sǐi
English meaning: tax invoice
Part of speech: noun

Example:
เธอต้องขอใบกำกับภาษีเพื่อยื่นให้แผนกบัญชี
thooe-dtâawng-khǎaw-bai-gam-gàp-phaa-sǐi-phûuea-yûuen-hâi-phà-nàaek-ban-chii
You need to ask for the tax invoice to give to the accounting department.

3. Advanced Medical Words

Being sick is an unavoidable part of life. Learning advanced vocabulary words in Thai related to medical treatment will help you explain your symptoms, understand what doctors or nurses are telling you, and maybe even give you a leg up if you plan to enter the medical field in Thailand. 

1 – การรักษา

Pronunciation: gaan-rák-sǎa
English meaning: treatment
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การรักษาอาการท้องผูกมีหลายวิธี
gaan-rák-sǎa-aa-gaan-tháawng-phùuk-mii-lǎai-wí-thii
There are many treatments for constipation.

2 – ฉีดยา

Pronunciation: chìit-yaa
English meaning: to inject
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เด็กร้องไห้ เพราะ ถูกฉีดยา
dèk-ráawng-hâi-phráw-thùuk-chìit-yaa
The child cried because he was injected.

3 – ฉีดวัคซีน

Pronunciation: chìit-wák-siin
English meaning: to vaccinate
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ฉันฉีดวัคซีนไข้หวัดใหญ่ทุกปี
chǎn-chìit-wák-siin-khâi-wàt-yài-thúk-bpii
I have been vaccinated for influenza every year.

4 – ผ่าตัด

Pronunciation: phàa-dtàt
English meaning: to operate
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
พ่อเคยผ่าตัดเพื่อรักษาโรคนิ่ว
phâaw-khooei-phàa-dtàt-phûuea-rák-sǎa-rôok-nìu
Dad was operated on to treat his gallstones.

5 – เข้าเฝือก

Pronunciation: khâo-fùueak
English meaning: to splint
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
น้องสาวเคยเข้าเฝือกเพื่อรักษาอาการแขนหัก
náawng-sǎao-khooei-khâo-fùueak-phûuea-rák-sǎa-aa-gaan-khǎaen-hàk
My sister was splinted to treat her broken arm.

6 – ตรวจชิ้นเนื้อ

Pronunciation: dtrùuat-chín-núuea
English meaning: biopsy
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เธอถูกตรวจชิ้นเนื้อที่ปอด
thooe-thùuk-dtrùuat-chín-núuea-thîi-bpàawt
She had a lung biopsy.

7 – ยา

Pronunciation: yaa
English meaning: medicine
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
อย่าลืมกินยานะ
yàa-luuem-gin-yaa-ná
Don’t forget to take the medicine.

8 – ยาชา

Pronunciation: yaa-chaa
English meaning: anesthetic
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คุณหมอทายาชาให้ก่อนทำแผล
khun-mǎaw-thaa-yaa-chaa-hâi-gàawn-tham-phlǎae
The doctor applied an anesthetic before treating the wound.

9 – เจาะเลือด

Pronunciation: jàw-lûueat
English meaning: to draw blood
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ฉันไม่อยากเจาะเลือดเลย
chǎn-mâi-yàak-jàw-lûueat-looei
I don’t want my blood to be drawn.

10 – เอกซเรย์

Pronunciation: ék-sá-ree
English meaning: X-ray
Part of speech: noun

Example:
คุณยายกำลังจะเอกซเรย์ปอด
khun-yaai-gam-lang-jà-ék-sá-ree-bpàawt
Grandma is about to get a lung X-ray.

11 – ซีทีแสกน

Pronunciation: sii-thii-sà-gaaen
English meaning: CT scan
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
หมอสั่งให้ทำซีทีแสกน
mǎaw-sàng-hâi-tham-sii-thii-sà-gaaen
The doctor ordered a CT scan.

12 – วัดความดัน

Pronunciation: wát-khwaam-dan
English meaning: to measure blood pressure
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
คุณวัดความดันแล้วหรือยัง
khun-wát-khwaam-dan-láaeo-rǔue-yang
Have you measured the blood pressure yet?

13 – วัดไข้

Pronunciation: wát-khâi
English meaning: to measure body temperature
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
แม่เพิ่งวัดไข้เมื่อกี๊
mâae-pôoeng-wát-khâi-mûuea-gíi
Mom just measured her body temperature.

14 – ตรวจสุขภาพ

Pronunciation: dtrùuat-sùk-khà-phâap
English meaning: health check-up
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เธอควรตรวจสุขภาพปีละครั้ง
thooe-khuuan-dtrùuat-sùk-khà-phâap-bpii-lá-khráng
You should do a health check-up once a year.

15 – หาหมอ

Pronunciation: hǎa-mǎaw
English meaning: to go see the doctor
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ฉันรู้สึกไม่ค่อยดี พรุ่งนี้ฉันจะไปหาหมอ
chǎn-rúu-sùek-mâi-khâauy-dii phrûng-níi-chǎn-jà-bpai-hǎa-mǎaw
I’m not feeling very well. I will go see a doctor tomorrow.

16 – ปวดหัว

Pronunciation: bpùuat-hǔua
English meaning: to have a headache
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
คุณตาปวดหัวรึเปล่า ตาดูไม่ค่อยดีเลย
khun-dtaa-bpùuat-hǔua-rúe-bplàao dtaa-duu-mâi-khâauy-dii-looei
[talking to Grandpa] Do you have a headache? You don’t look so well.

17 – ปวดท้อง

Pronunciation: bpùuat-tháawng
English meaning: to have a stomachache
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เมื่อวานฉันกินอาหารไม่สะอาด วันนี้เลยปวดท้อง
mûuea-waan-chǎn-gin-aa-hǎan-mâi-sà-àat wan-níi-looei-bpùuat-tháawng
Yesterday, the food I ate wasn’t very clean. Today, I have a stomachache.

A Man Suffering from a Stomachache

18 – ปวดหลัง

Pronunciation: bpùuat-lǎng
English meaning: to have a backache
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอนั่งทำงานทั้งวัน ไม่ได้ออกกำลังกาย ก็เลยปวดหลัง
thooe-nâng-tham-ngaan-tháng-wan mâi-dâi-àawk-gam-lang-gaai gâaw-looei-bpùuat-lǎng
She sits and works all day, and doesn’t exercise. So, she has a backache.

19 – ชัก

Pronunciation: chák
English meaning: to convulse
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอเคยเห็นคนชักมั้ย
thooe-khooei-hěn-khon-chák-mái
Have you ever seen anybody convulse?

20 – ข้อเท้าพลิก

Pronunciation: khâaw-tháo-plík
English meaning: sprained ankle
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เมื่อวานฉันข้อเท้าพลิก เจ็บมาก
mûuea-waan-chǎn-khâaw-tháo-plík jèp-mâak
I had a sprained ankle yesterday. It hurts.

21 – เจ็บ

Pronunciation: jèp
English meaning: hurt
Part of speech: adjective

Example:  
เจ็บมากมั้ย
jèp-mâak-mái
Are you hurt badly?

22 – ไข้ขึ้น

Pronunciation: khâi-khûen
English meaning: to have a fever
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอไข้ขึ้นสูงมาก
thooe-khâi-khûen-sǔung-mâak
She has a very high fever.

23 – ผื่น

Pronunciation: phùuen
English meaning: rash
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เขามีผื่นที่แขน
khǎo-mii-phùuen-thîi-khǎaen
He has a rash on his arm.

24 – เบื่ออาหาร

Pronunciation: bùuea-aa-hǎan
English meaning: to lose one’s appetite
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
คุณยายรู้สึกเบื่ออาหาร
khun-yaai-rúu-sùek-bùuea-aa-hǎan
Grandma lost her appetite.

25 – เป็นลม

Pronunciation: bpen-lom
English meaning: to faint
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
อากาศร้อนมากเลยจนเพื่อนของฉันเป็นลม
aa-gàat-ráawn-mâak-looei-jon-phûuean-khǎawng-chǎn-bpen-lom
The weather is so hot that my friend fainted.

26 – เวียนหัว

Pronunciation: wiian-hǔua
English meaning: dizzy
Part of speech: adjective

Example:  
ตอนคุณแม่ท้อง คุณแม่เวียนหัวทุกเช้า
dtaaw-khun-mâae-tháawng khun-mâae-wiian-hǔua-thúk-cháo
While my mother was pregnant, she felt dizzy every morning.

27 – คัดจมูก

Pronunciation: khát-jà-mùuk
English meaning: to have nasal congestion
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ฉันรู้สึกคัดจมูก ฉันหายใจไม่ค่อยออก
chǎn-rúu-sùuek-khát-jà-mùuk chǎn-hǎai-jai-mâi-khâauy-àawk
I have nasal congestion. I can’t breathe well.

28 – จาม

Pronunciation: jaam
English meaning: to sneeze
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ฉันจามไม่หยุดมาตั้งแต่เมื่อวาน
chǎn-jaam-mâi-yùt-maa-dtâng-dtàae-mûuea-waan
I have been sneezing non-stop since yesterday.

29 – น้ำมูกไหล

Pronunciation: nám-mûuk-lǎi
English meaning: to have a runny nose
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
แม่น้ำมูกไหล อาจจะเป็นหวัด
mâae-nám-mûuk-lǎi àat-jà-bpen-wàt
Mom has a runny nose. She may have a cold.

30 – ไอ

Pronunciation: ai
English meaning: to cough
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
ผานิตไอจนรู้สึกเจ็บคอ
phǎa-nít-ai-jon-rúu-sùek-jèp-khaaw
Panit coughed until she had a sore throat.

31 – เจ็บคอ

Pronunciation: jèp-khaaw
English meaning: to have a sore throat
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
คุณรู้สึกเจ็บคอรึเปล่า
khun-rúu-sùek-jèp-khaaw-rúe-bplàao
Do you have a sore throat?

4. Advanced Legal Words

Another set of advanced-level Thai words you should start learning are those related to the legal system in Thailand. Learning this terminology will help you have more complex conversations, avoid unfortunate misunderstandings, and more effectively study law if that’s where your path takes you! 

1 – กฎหมาย

Pronunciation: gòt-mǎai
English meaning: law
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
หนังสือเล่มนี้เกี่ยวกับกฎหมาย
nǎng-sǔue-lêem-níi-gìiao-gàp-gòt-mǎai
This book is about the law.

2 – รัฐธรรมนูญ

Pronunciation: rát-thà-tham-má-nuun
English meaning: constitution
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
รัฐธรรมนูญเป็นหนึ่งในกฎหมายที่สำคัญ
rát-thà-tham-má-nuun-bpen-gòt-mǎai-thîi-sǎm-khan
The Constitution is an important law.

3 – ผู้พิพากษา

Pronunciation: phûu-phí-phâak-sǎa
English meaning: judge
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เพื่อนของฉันเป็นผู้พิพากษา
phûuean-khǎawng-chǎn-bpen-phûu-phí-phâak-sǎa
My friend is a judge.

A Judge Holding a Gavel

My friend is a judge.

4 – ทนายความ

Pronunciation: thá-naai-khwaam
English meaning: lawyer
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ฉันอยากเป็นทนายความในอนาคต
chǎn-yàak-bpen-thá-naai-khwaam-nai-à-naa-khót
I want to be a lawyer in the future.

5 – อัยการ

Pronunciation: ai-yá-gaan
English meaning: prosecutor
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
อัยการทำหน้าที่อะไร
ai-yá-gaan-tham-nâa-thîi-à-rai
What is the duty of the prosecutor?

6 – โจทก์

Pronunciation: jòot
English meaning: plaintiff
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ใครคือโจทก์ของคดีนี้
khrai-khuue-jòot-khǎawng-khá-dii-níi
Who is the plaintiff of this case?

7 – จำเลย

Pronunciation: jam-looei
English meaning: defendant
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
จำเลยของคดีนี้เป็นคนมีชื่อเสียง
jam-looei-khǎawng-khá-dii-níi-bpen-khon-mii-chûue-sǐiang
The defendant of this case is a famous person.

8 – พยาน

Pronunciation: phá-yaan
English meaning: witness
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คดีนี้มีพยานกี่คน
khá-dii-níi-mii-phá-yaan-gìi-khon
How many witnesses are there in this case?

9 – คดีความ

Pronunciation: khá-dii-khwaam
English meaning: lawsuit / case
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คนไทยไม่ชอบมีคดีความ
khon-thai-mâi-châawp-mii-khá-dii-khwaam
Thai people don’t like to be involved in lawsuits.

10 – คดีดำ

Pronunciation: khá-dii-dam
English meaning: undecided case
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เธอรู้รึเปล่าว่าคดีดำคืออะไร
thooe-rúu-rúe-bplào-wâa-khá-dii-dam-khuue-à-rai
Do you know what an “undecided case” is?

11 – คดีแดง

Pronunciation: khá-dii-daaeng
English meaning: decided case
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
นี่คือคดีแดงหมายเลขอะไร
nîi-khuue-khá-dii-daaeng-mǎai-lêek-à-rai
What is the number of this decided case?

12 – คดีอาญา

Pronunciation: khá-dii-aa-yaa
English meaning: criminal case
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การลักทรัพย์เป็นคดีอาญา
gaan-lák-sáp-bpen-khá-dii-aa-yaa
Burglary is a criminal case.

13 – คดีแพ่ง

Pronunciation: khá-dii-pâaeng
English meaning: civil case
Part of speech: noun

Example: 
การฟ้องล้มละลายเป็นคดีเพ่ง
gaan-fáawng-lóm-lá-laai-bpen-khá-dii-pâaeng
Bankruptcy is a civil case.

14 – ศาล

Pronunciation: sǎan
English meaning: court
Part of speech: noun

Example: 
ศาลตั้งอยู่ที่ไหน
sǎan-dtâng-yùu-thîi-nǎi
Where is the location of the court?

15 – การลงโทษ

Pronunciation: gaan-long-thôot
English meaning: punishment
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การลงโทษสำหรับคดีนี้คืออะไร
gaan-long-thôot-sǎm-ràp-khá-dii-níi-khuue-à-rai
What is the punishment for this case?

16 – การประหารชีวิต

Pronunciation: gaan-bprà-hǎan-chii-wít
English meaning: death penalty
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การประหารชีวิตเป็นการลงโทษที่รุนแรงที่สุด
gaan-bprà-hǎan-chii-wít-bpen-gaan-long-thôot-thîi-run-raaeng-thîi-sùt
The death penalty is the most severe punishment.

17 – ขังคุก

Pronunciation: khǎng-khúk
English meaning: to be imprisoned
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เขาถูกขังคุกมา 10 ปี
khǎo-thùuk-khǎng-khúk-maa-sìp-bpii
He has been imprisoned for ten years.

18 – การริบทรัพย์สิน

Pronunciation: gaan-ríp-sáp-sǐn
English meaning: forfeiture of property
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การริบทรัพย์สินเป็นการลงโทษที่เบาที่สุด
gaan-ríp-sáp-sǐn-bpen-gaan-long-thôot-thîi-bao-thîi-sùt
The forfeiture of property is the least severe of punishments.

19 – มีความผิด

Pronunciation: mii-khwaam-phìt
English meaning: guilty
Part of speech: adjective

Example:  
เขาถูกตัดสินให้มีความผิด
khǎo-thùuk-dtàt-sǐn-hâi-mii-khwaam-phìt
He is guilty as charged.

20 – พ้นผิด

Pronunciation: phón-phìt
English meaning: to be acquitted
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เขาถูกตัดสินให้พ้นผิด
khǎo-thùuk-dtàt-sǐn-hâi-phón-phìt
He is acquitted.

21 – ประกันตัว

Pronunciation: bprà-gan-dtuua
English meaning: to bail out
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอต้องใช้เงินกี่บาทในการประกันตัวเขา
thooe-dtâawng-chái-ngoen-gìi-bàat-nai-gaan-bprà-gaan-dtuua-khǎo
How many Baht will you need to bail him out?

22 – คำสั่งศาล

Pronunciation: kham-sàng-sǎan
English meaning: court decree
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
นี่คือคำสั่งศาล
nîi-khuue-kham-sàng-sǎan
This is a court decree.

23 – เรียกร้องสินไหมทดแทน

Pronunciation: rîiak-ráawng-sǐn-mǎi-thót-thaaen
English meaning: to call for damage
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอควรเรียกร้องสินไหมทดแทนในกรณีนี้
thooe-khuuan-rîiak-ráawng-sǐn-mǎi-thót-thaaen-nai-gaaw-rá-nii-níi
You should call for damage in this case.

24 – การหมิ่นประมาท

Pronunciation: gaan-mìn-bprà-màat
English meaning: defamation
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
นี่คือตัวอย่างของการหมิ่นประมาท
nîi-khuue-dtuua-yàang-khǎawng-gaan-mìn-bprà-màat
This is an example of defamation.

25 – ค่าปรับ

Pronunciation: khâa-bpr̀ap
English meaning: fine
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ค่าปรับในการฝ่าฝืนกฎจราจรคือเท่าไหร่
khâa-bpràp-nai-gaan-fàa-fǔuen-gòt-jà-raa-jaawn-khuue-thâo-rài
How much is the fine for the violation of traffic rules?

5. Alternative Words for More Sophisticated Writing & Speech

As you approach an advanced level in Thai, there are several formal words you should start memorizing and learning how to use. We will cover some of them in this section, but you can also go through our advanced Thai course to gain an even greater understanding of these words and more! 

The first five words are those you’ll often find in formal letters. The rest are formal alternatives to more casual words, which you would use when speaking to elders or people you respect. Keep in mind that some of these formal alternatives have both a spoken version and a written version. 

Advanced Words for Formal Letters

1 – เรียน

Pronunciation: riian
English meaning: to inform (equivalent to “Dear” in English)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เรียน ผู้จัดการอาคาร
phûu-jàt-gaan-aa-khaan
Dear building manager

2 – ด้วยความนับถือ / ด้วยความเคารพ

Pronunciation: dûuay-khwaam-náp-thǔue, dûuay-khwaam-khao-róp
English meaning: best regards (used in letters)
Part of speech: conjunction

Example:  
ด้วยความนับถือ
มนัท (manager)

dûuay-khwaam-náp-thǔue, 
má-nát, phûu-jàt-gaan

Best regards, 
Manut, manager

3 – จึงเรียนมาเพื่อทราบ

Pronunciation: jueng-riian-maa-phûuea-sâap
English meaning: please be informed accordingly
Part of speech: conjunction

Example:  
วันจันทร์ที่ 26 เมษายนจะมีการตัดไฟ จึงเรียนมาเพื่อทราบ
wan-jan-thîi-yîi-sîp-hòk-mee-sǎa-yon-jà-mii-gaan-dtàt-fai jueng-riian-maa-phûuea-sâap
There will be no electricity on Monday, April 26. Please be informed accordingly.

4 – เนื่องด้วย

Pronunciation: nûueang-dûuay
English meaning: because
Part of speech: conjunction

Example:  
วันจันทร์ที่ 26 เมษายน จะไม่สามารถใช้ลิฟท์ได้ เนื่องด้วยจะมีการตัดไฟ
wan-jan-thîi-yîi-sîp-hòk-mee-sǎa-yon jà-mâi-sǎa-mâat-chái-líp-dâi nûueang-dûuay-jà-mii-gaan-dtàt-fai
On Monday, April 26, the elevator will be unavailable because of no electricity.

5 – ด้วยเหตุนี้

Pronunciation: dûuay-hèet-níi
English meaning: hence
Part of speech: conjunction

Example:  
วันจันทร์ที่ 26 เมษายนจะมีการซ่อมท่อประปา ด้วยเหตุนี้ โปรดสำรองน้ำไว้ใช้
wan-jan-thîi-yîi-sîp-hòk-mee-sǎa-yon-jà-mii-gaan-sâawm-thâaw-bprà-bpaa dûuay-hèet-níi bpròot-sǎm- raawng-nám-wái-chái
On Monday, April 26, there will be a plumbing repair. Hence, please reserve water for use.

Polite Words

6 – สุนัข

Pronunciation: sù-nák
English meaning: dog
Spoken language: หมา (mǎa)
Part of speech: noun

Example:
ที่บ้านฉันมีสุนัข 2 ตัว
thîi-bâan-chǎn-mii-sù-nák-sǎawng-dtuua
There are two dogs at my house.

Several Pets

สุนัข [sù-nák] is the polite word for “dog” in Thai.

7 – กระบือ

Pronunciation: grà-buue
English meaning: buffalo
Spoken language: ควาย (kwaai)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
Part of speech: noun
thooe-khooei-hěn-grà-buue-rǔue-bplào
Have you ever seen a buffalo?

8 – สุกร

Pronunciation: sù-gaawn
English meaning: pig
Spoken language: หมู (mǔu)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
สุกรเป็นคำสุภาพของหมู
sù-gaawn-bpen-kham-sù-phâap-khǎawng-mǔu
Sù-gaawn is the polite word for “pig.”

9 – โค

Pronunciation: khoo
English meaning: ox / cow
Spoken language: วัว (wuua)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ฉันชอบดื่มน้ำนมโค
chǎn-châawp-dùuem-nám-nom-khoo
I like to drink cow milk.

10 – นกกา

Pronunciation: nók-gaa
English meaning: crow
Spoken language: อีกา (ii-gaa)
Part of speech: noun

Example:
นกการ้องเสียงดังมาก
nók-gaa-râawng-sǐiang-dang-mâak
The crow sings very loudly.

11 – ข้าพเจ้า

Pronunciation: khâ-phá-jâo
English meaning: I (male, female)
Spoken language: ฉัน (chǎn)
Part of speech: pronoun

Example:  
ข้าพเจ้าไม่เห็นด้วย
khâ-phá-jâo-mâi-hěn-dûuay
I disagree.

12 – ผม

Pronunciation: phǒm
English meaning: I (male)
Spoken language: ฉัน (chǎn)
Part of speech: pronoun

Example:  
ผมอนุญาต
phǒm-à-nú-yâat
I allow that.

Additional information:  
ข้าพเจ้า (khâ-phá-jâo) is more formal than ผม (phǒm).

13 – ดิฉัน

Pronunciation: dì-chǎn
English meaning: I (female)
Spoken language: ฉัน (chǎn)
Part of speech: pronoun

Example:  
ดิฉันจะเข้าร่วมการประชุมด้วย
dì-chǎn-jà-khâo-rûuam-gaan-bprà-chum-dûuay
I will join the meeting, too.

Additional information:  
ข้าพเจ้า (khâ-phá-jâo) is more formal than ดิฉัน (dì-chǎn).

14 – สามี

Pronunciation: sǎa-mii
English meaning: husband
Spoken language: ผัว (phǔua)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
สามีของฉันเป็นแพทย์
sǎa-mii-khǎawng-chǎn-bpen-phâaet
My husband is a doctor.

15 – ภรรยา

Pronunciation: phan-rá-yaa
English meaning: wife
Spoken language: เมีย (miia)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คุณมีภรรยาแล้วหรือยัง
khun-mii-phan-rá-yaa-láaeo-rǔue-yang
Do you have a wife?

16 – บิดา

Pronunciation: bì-daa
English meaning: father
Spoken language: พ่อ (phâaw)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
กรุณาเขียนชื่อบิดาของคุณตรงนี้
gà-rú-naa-khǐian-chûue-bì-daa-khǎawng-khun-dtrong-níi
Please write the name of your father here.

17 – มารดา

Pronunciation: maan-da
English meaning: mother
Spoken language: แม่ (mâae)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
มารดาของคุณอายุเท่าไหร่แล้ว
maan-daa-khǎawng-khun-aa-yú-thâo-rài-láaeo
How old is your mother?

18 – บุตร

Pronunciation: bùt
English meaning: child (male, female)
Spoken language: ลูก (lûuk)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คุณมีบุตรกี่คน
khun-mii-bùt-gìi-khon
How many children do you have?

19 – ธิดา

Pronunciation: thí-daa
English meaning: daughter
Spoken language: ลูกสาว (lûuk-sǎao)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ใส่จำนวนธิดาตรงนี้
sài-jam-nuan-thí-daa-dtrong-níi
Put your daughter’s number here.

20 – แพทย์

Pronunciation: phâaet
English meaning: doctor
Spoken language: หมอ (mǎaw)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
โรงพยาบาลนี้มีแพทย์หลายคน
roong-phá-yaa-baan-níi-mii-phâaet-lǎai-khon
There are many doctors in this hospital.

21 – อาจารย์

Pronunciation: aa-jaan
English meaning: teacher
Spoken language: ครู (khruu)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
อาจารย์คนโปรดของคุณคือใคร
aa-jaan-khon-bpròot-khǎawng-khun-khuue-khrai
Who is your favorite teacher?

22 – โสเภณี

Pronunciation: sǒo-phee-nii
English meaning: prostitute
Spoken language: กะหรี่ (ga-rǐi)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
โสเภณีเป็นอาชีพที่ผิดกฎหมายในไทย
sǒo-phee-nii-bpen-aa-chîip-thîi-phìt-gòt-mǎai-nai-thai
Prostitution is an illegal occupation in Thailand.

23 – พระสงฆ์

Pronunciation: phrá-sǒng
English meaning: monk
Spoken language: พระ (phrá)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
พระสงฆ์ฉันอาหารวันละ 2 มื้อ
phrá-sǒng-chǎn-aa-hǎan-wan-lá-sǎawng-múue
The monk eats two meals a day.

24 – รับประทาน / ทาน 

Pronunciation: ráp-bprà-thaan / thaan
English meaning: to eat
Spoken language: กิน (gin)
Part of speech: verb

Example 1:  
ผู้สูงอายุไม่ควรรับประทานของหวานมากเกินไป
phûu-sǔung-aa-yú-mâi-khuuan-ráp-bprà-thaan-khǎawng-wǎan-mâak-gooen-bpai
The elderly shouldn’t eat too many sweets.

Example 2:  
เธอทานข้าวแล้วหรือยัง
thooe-thaan-khâao-láaeo-rǔue-yang
Have you eaten yet?

Additional note: 
รับประทาน (ráp-bprà-thaan) is often shortened to ทาน (thaan) in daily conversations. The shortened version is also considered formal, though the longer version is slightly more formal.

25 – อุจจาระ

Pronunciation: ùt-jaa-rá
English meaning: feces
Spoken language: ขี้ (khîi)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ลักษณะอุจจาระของผู้ป่วยเป็นอย่างไร
lák-sà-nà-ùt-jaa-rá-khǎawng-phûu-bpùuay-bpen-yàang-rai
How is the patient’s feces?

26 – ปัสสาวะ

Pronunciation: bpàt-sǎa-wá
English meaning: urine
Spoken language: ฉี่ (chìi)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
เราต้องการปัสสาวะ 5 มิลลิลิตรในการตรวจ
rao-dtâawng-gaan-bpàt-sǎa-wá-hâa-min-lí-lít-nai-gaan-dtrùuat
I need five ml. of urine for a sample.

27 – ถึงแก่กรรม

Pronunciation: thǔeng-gàae-gam
English meaning: to die
Spoken language: ตาย (dtaai)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เขาถึงแก่กรรมตอนอายุ 80 ปี
khǎo-thǔeng-gàae-gam-dtaawn-aa-yú-bpàaet-sìp-bpii
He died at the age of 80.

28 – ตั้งครรภ์

Pronunciation: dtâng-khan
English meaning: pregnant
Spoken language: ท้อง (tháawng)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอตั้งครรภ์มา 8 สัปดาห์แล้ว
thooe-dtâng-khan-maa-bpàaet-sàp-daa-láaeo
She has been pregnant for eight weeks now.

29 – อาเจียน

Pronunciation: aa-jiian
English meaning: to vomit
Spoken language: อ้วก (ûuak)
Part of speech: verb

Example: 
ญาดารู้สึกอยากอาเจียน
yaa-daa-rúu-sùek-yàak-aa-jiian
Yada wants to vomit.

30 – ทราบ

Pronunciation: sâap
English meaning: to know
Spoken language: รู้ (rúu)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
เธอทราบเรื่องอาการป่วยของคุณตาหรือยัง
thooe-sâap-rûueang-aa-gaan-bpùuay-khǎawng-khun-dtaa-rǔue-yang
Have you known about Grandfather’s sickness?

31 – เห็นสมควร

Pronunciation: hěn-sǒm-khuuan
English meaning: to agree
Spoken language: เห็นด้วย (hěn-dûuay)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
คุณเห็นสมควรกับเรื่องนี้หรือไม่
khun-hěn-sǒm-khuuan-gàp-rûueang-níi-rǔue-mâi
Do you agree with this?

32 – ต่อว่า

Pronunciation: dtàaw-wâa
English meaning: to scold
Spoken language: ดุ () / ด่า (dàa)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
นักเรียนถูกต่อว่าเมื่อทำผิด
nák-riian-thùuk-dtàaw-wâa-mûuea-tham-phìt
Students are scolded when they do something wrong.

33 – กล่าว

Pronunciation: glàao
English meaning: to say
Spoken language: พูด (phûut)
Part of speech: verb

Example:  
อาจารย์กล่าวชื่นชมนักเรียน
aa-jaan-glàao-chûuen-chom-nák-riian
The teacher says compliments to students.

34 – โรงภาพยนตร์

Pronunciation: roong-phâap-phá-yon
English meaning: cinema
Spoken language: โรงหนัง (roong-nǎng)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ในกรุงเทพ ฯ มีโรงภาพยนตร์กี่แห่ง
nai-grung-thêep-mii-roong-phâap-phá-yon-gìi-hàaeng
How many cinemas are there in Bangkok?

35 – โรงพยาบาล

Pronunciation: roong-phá-yaa-baan
English meaning: hospital
Spoken language: โรงบาล (roong-baan) => Thai people shorten the word.
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
โรงพยาบาลที่ใกล้ที่สุดอยู่ที่ไหน
roong-phá-yaa-baan-thîi-yùu-glâi-thîi-sùt-yùu-thîi-nǎi
Where is the nearest hospital?

36 – ห้างสรรพสินค้า

Pronunciation: hâang-sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa
English meaning: department store
Spoken language: ห้าง (hâang)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คุณแม่ไปซื้อของที่ห้างสรรพสินค้า
khun-mâae-bpai-súue-khǎawng-thîi-hâang-sàp-phá-sǐn-kháa
Mom goes shopping at the department store.

37 – มหาวิทยาลัย

Pronunciation: má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai
English meaning: university
Spoken language: มหาลัย (má-hǎa-lai) => Thai people shorten the word.
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
คุณเรียนจบมาจากมหาวิทยาลัยอะไร
khun-riian-jòp-maa-jàak-má-hǎa-wít-thá-yaa-lai-à-rai
Which university did you graduate from?

38 – ร้านสะดวกซื้อ

Pronunciation: ráan-sà-dùuak-súue
English meaning: convenience store
Spoken language: call by the brand name of the convenience store, such as “7-Eleven” or “Family Mart”
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
แถวนี้มีร้านสะดวกซื้อหลายร้าน
thǎaeo-níi-mii-ráan-sà-dùuak-súue-lǎai-ráan
There are many convenience stores in this area.

39 – สำนักงาน

Pronunciation: sǎm-nák-ngaan
English meaning: office
Spoken language: ออฟฟิศ (áawp-fít)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
สำนักงานของบริษัทคุณอยู่ที่ไหน
sǎm-nák-ngaan-khǎawng-baaw-rí-sàt-khun-yùu-thîi-nǎi
Where is the office of your company?

40 – สุขา

Pronunciation: sù-khǎa
English meaning: toilet
Spoken language: ห้องน้ำ (hâawng-nám)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ช่วยบอกทางไปสุขาหน่อยได้มั้ยคะ
chûuay-bàawk-thaang-bpai-sù-khǎa-nàauy-dâi-mái-khá
Can you tell me how to get to the toilets?

41 – ภาพยนตร์

Pronunciation: phâap-phá-yon
English meaning: movie
Spoken language: หนัง (nǎng)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ภาพยนตร์เรื่องนี้ดังมาก
phâap-phá-yon-rûueng-níi-dang-mâak
This movie is very famous.

42 – ธนบัตร

Pronunciation: thá-ná-bàt
English meaning: banknote
Spoken language: แบงค์ (báaeng)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ฉันไม่มีเหรียญ มีแต่ธนบัตร
chǎn-mâi-mii-rǐian mii-dtàae-thá-ná-bàt
I don’t have any coins. I have only a banknote.

43 – สุรา

Pronunciation: sù-raa
English meaning: alcoholic beverage
Spoken language: เหล้า (lâo)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การดื่มสุราไม่ดีต่อสุขภาพ
gaan-dùuem-sù-raa-mâi-dii-dtàaw-sùk-khà-phâap
Drinking alcohol isn’t good for your health.

A Man with a Bad Hangover

Drinking alcohol isn’t good for your health.

44 – อาหาร

Pronunciation: aa-hǎan
English meaning: food
Spoken language: ข้าว (khâo) => Sometimes, Thai people refer to food as ข้าว (khâo) when they could actually refer to a specific type of food (such as noodles).
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ฉันชอบอาหารทอด
chǎn-châawp-aa-hǎan-thâawt
I like fried food.

45 – เครื่องดื่ม

Pronunciation: khrûueang-dùuem
English meaning: drinks
Spoken language: น้ำ (nám) => This word can also refer to both drinking water or drinking other beverages such as juice, tea, etc.
Part of speech: noun

Example:
นี่คือเครื่องดื่มแนะนำของเราค่ะ
nîi-khuue-khrûueang-dùuem-náe-nam-khǎawng-rao-khà
This is our recommended drink.

46 – ศีรษะ

Pronunciation: sǐi-sà
English meaning: head
Spoken language: หัว (hǔua)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
การจับศีรษะของคนอื่นไม่สุภาพ
gaan-jàp-sǐi-sà-khǎawng-khon-ùuen-mâi-sù-phâap
It is not polite to touch another’s head.

47 – เท้า

Pronunciation: tháo
English meaning: foot
Spoken language: ตีน (dtiin) => rude word
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
อย่าวางเท้าไว้บนโต๊ะ
yàa-waang-tháo-wái-bon-dtó
Don’t put your feet on the table.

48 – บะหมี่กึ่งสำเร็จรูป

Pronunciation: bà-mìi-gùeng-sǎm-rèt-rûup
English meaning: instant noodles
Spoken language: มาม่า (maa-mâa) => This is the most famous instant noodle brand in Thailand, so Thai people often use it to refer to instant noodles in general.
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
บะหมี่กึ่งสำเร็จรูปราคาไม่แพง
bà-mìi-gùeng-sǎm-rèt-rûup-raa-khaa-mâi-phaaeng
Instant noodles are not expensive.

49 – หีบศพ

Pronunciation: hìip-sòp
English meaning: coffin
Spoken language: โรงศพ (roong-sòp)
Part of speech: noun

Example:  
ร้านขายหีบศพอยู่ที่ไหน
ráan-khǎai-hìip-sòp-yùu-thîi-nái
Where is the coffin store?

6. Conclusion

We hope you enjoyed our list of advanced Thai words and found it useful as you progress in your studies. Let us know in the comments what you thought of this article or if you have any questions about what we covered today. 

Learning advanced Thai vocabulary is a crucial step in your language learning journey, but it’s also good to add variety to your studies. We suggest you browse through some other interesting lessons at ThaiPod101.com to make your learning even more fun:

Happy learning and good luck!

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Learn the Names of Animals in Thai

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When a baby starts learning their native language, animal names are one of the first word categories their parents teach them. As a Thai learner, you’ll find it beneficial to learn the names of animals in Thai early on—this is a natural way to expand your vocabulary, and doing so will help you start conversations with native speakers. After all, who doesn’t love talking about their pets or favorite animals? 

In this article, we’ll teach you the names of common animals in Thai. This includes:

  • Pets
  • Farm animals
  • Wild animals
  • Marine animals
  • Bugs and insects
  • Birds
  • Reptiles and amphibians

In addition, we’ll teach you what to call the different body parts of animals and what sounds animals make according to Thai onomatopoeia. Make sure to stick around until the end, where we’ll introduce you to frequently used idioms that mention animals; this will help familiarize you with Thai culture and give you an idea of how these words might be used in a sentence.  

Let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Pets
  2. Farm Animals
  3. Wild Animals
  4. Marine Animals
  5. Bugs & Insects
  6. Birds
  7. Reptiles & Amphibians
  8. Animal Body Parts
  9. Animal Sounds in Thai
  10. Animal-Related Idioms in Thai
  11. Conclusion

1. Pets

The most popular pets among Thai people are dogs and cats, though some people own smaller mammals or even birds and fish. Here’s a list of common pets in Thailand:

  • สุนัข (sù-nák) = “dog” (formal)
  • หมา (mǎa) = “dog” (informal)
  • แมว (maaeo) = “cat”
  • กระต่าย (grà-dtàai) = “rabbit”
  • แฮมสเตอร์ (haaem-sà-dtôoe) = “hamster”
  • ปลาทอง (bplaa-thaawng) = “goldfish”
  • นก (nók) = “bird”

A Girl Hugging a Dog

Dogs are a popular pet in Thailand.

2. Farm Animals

Do you know which farm animals are most common in Thailand? Most of them are the same animals you’d expect to find on a farm in other countries. Take a look: 

  • โค (khoo) = “ox” / “cow” (formal) 
  • วัว (wuua) = “ox” / “cow” (informal) 
  • กระบือ (grà-buue) = “buffalo” (formal)
  • ควาย (khwaai) = “buffalo” (informal)
  • สุกร (sù-gaawn) = “pig” (formal)
  • หมู (mǔu) = “pig” (informal)
  • เป็ด (bpèt) = “duck”
  • ไก่ (gài) = “chicken”
  • ห่าน (hàan) = “goose”
  • ม้า (máa) = “horse”
  • ล่อ (lâaw) = “mule”
  • ลา (laa) = “donkey”

3. Wild Animals

Below, you’ll find the names of different wild animals in the Thai language. Many of these animals can only be found in zoos and national parks, and some of them are currently endangered or extinct. 

  • สิงโต (sǐng-dtoo) = “lion”
  • เสือโคร่ง (sǔuea-khrôong) = “tiger”
  • เสือดาว (sǔuea-daao) = “leopard”
  • จิ้งจอก (jîng-jàawk) = “fox”
  • กวาง (gwaang) = “deer”
  • ละมั่ง (lá-mâng) = “antelope” (endangered species)
  • สมัน (sà-mǎn) = “Schomburgk’s deer” (deer with the most beautiful antlers in the world)
  • เก้ง (gêeng) = “barking deer” (endangered species)
  • แรด (râaet) = “rhinoceros”
  • กระทิง (grà-thing) = “gaur”
  • แกะ (gàe) = “sheep”
  • แพะ (pháe) = “goat”
  • ลิง (ling) = “monkey”
  • ชะนี (chá-nii) = “gibbon”
  • ลิงกอริลล่า (ling-gaaw-rín-lâa) = “gorilla” 
  • ลิงชิมแปนซี (ling-chim-bpaaen-sii) = “chimpanzee”
  • ยีราฟ (yii-ráap) = “giraffe”
  • จิงโจ้ (jing-jôo) = “kangaroo”
  • ช้าง (cháang) = “elephant”
  • แพนด้า (phaaen-dâa) = “panda” 
  • หมี (mhǐi) = “bear”
  • หมีโคอาล่า (mhǐi-khoo-aa-lâa) = “koala” 
  • ฮิปโป (híp-bpoo) = “hippopotamus”

A Tigress with Her Cub

Let’s go see a tiger at the zoo!

4. Marine Animals

As with wild animals, Thai people most often get to see marine life in zoos or aquariums. Here are the names of common sea animals in the Thai language: 

  • สัตว์น้ำ (sàt-nám) = “aquatic animals”
  • กุ้ง (gûng) = “shrimp”
  • กั้ง (gâng) = “mantis shrimp”
  • หอย (hǎauy) = “shellfish”
  • ปู (bpuu) = “crab”
  • ปลา (bplaa) = “fish”
  • หมึก (mùek) = “squid” / “octopus”
  • วาฬ (waan) = “whale”
  • ฉลาม (chà-lǎam) = “shark”
  • โลมา (loo-maa) = “dolphin”
  • ม้าน้ำ (máa-nám) = “seahorse”
  • เต่า (dtào) = “turtle”
  • แมงกะพรุน (maaeng-gà-phrun) = “jellyfish”
  • พะยูน (phá-yuun) = “sea cow”
  • ม้าน้ำ (máa-nám) = “seal”
  • ปลิงทะเล (bpling-thá-lee) = “sea cucumber”
  • ดาวทะเล (daao-thá-lee) = “starfish”
  • ปะการัง (bpà-gaa-rang) = “coral”

A Hammerhead Shark

I saw a shark at the aquarium.

5. Bugs & Insects

In Thailand, it’s not uncommon to eat certain insects as food. Worms, grasshoppers, and crickets are especially popular! 

Here are the names of common insects and other bugs in Thailand: 

  • แมลง (má-laaeng) = “insect”
  • แมลงสาบ (má-laaeng-sàap) = “cockroach”
  • แมลงวัน (má-laaeng-wan) = “fly”
  • แมลงปอ (má-laaeng-bpaaw) = “dragonfly”
  • แมลงเต่าทอง (má-laaeng-dtào-thaawng) = “ladybug”
  • แมงมุม (maaeng-mum) = “spider”
  • แมงป่อง (maaeng-bpàawng) = “scorpion”
  • มด (mód) = “ant”
  • ยุง (yung) = “mosquito”
  • ผึ้ง (phûeng) = “bee”
  • ต่อ (dtàaw) = “wasp”
  • ตั๊กแตน (dták-gà-dtaaen) = “grasshopper”
  • จั๊กจั่น (ják-gà-jàn) = “cicada”
  • หิ่งห้อย (hìng-hâauy) = “firefly”
  • หนอน (nǎawn) = “worm”
  • ผีเสื้อ (phǐi-sûuea) = “butterfly”

Three Ladybugs

These ladybugs are so cute.

6. Birds

Below, you’ll find the names of common birds in Thailand and abroad. While Thai people can encounter some of these species in their daily lives, others can only be seen in zoos. 

  • นกพิราบ (nók-phí-râap) = “pigeon”
  • นกกระจอก (nók-grà-jàawk) = “sparrow”
  • นกแก้ว (nók-gâaeo) = “parrot”
  • นกกระจอกเทศ (nók-grà-jàawk-thêet) = “ostrich”
  • นกยูง (nók-yuung) = “peacock”
  • นกอินทรี (nók-in-sii) = “eagle”
  • นกกะเรียน (nók-gà-riian) = “flamingo”
  • นกฮูก (nók-hûuk) = “owl”
  • นกนางนวล (nók-naang-nuan) = “seagull”
  • หงส์ (hǒng) = “swan”
  • แร้ง (ráaeng) = “griffon”
  • อีกา (ii-gaa) = “crow”
  • เหยี่ยว (yìiao) = “hawk”
  • เพนกวิน (phen-gwîn) = “penguin”

7. Reptiles & Amphibians

In Thailand, there is a famous crocodile show held at the Samutprakarn Crocodile Farm and Zoo. If you plan on visiting the country anytime soon, make sure to check it out! 

Here are the names of common reptiles and amphibians in Thailand: 

  • กบ (gòp) = “frog”
  • เขียด (khìiat) = “green frog”
  • อึ่งอ่าง (ùeng-àang) = “bullfrog”
  • จระเข้ (jà-rá-khêe) = “crocodile”
  • งู (nguu) = “snake”
  • ตัวเงินตัวทอง (dtua-ngoen-dtua-thaawng) = “water monitor” (formal)
  • เหี้ย (hîia) = “water monitor” (informal)
  • กิ้งก่า (gîng-gàa) = “chameleon”
  • จิ้งจก (jîng-jòk) = “lizard”
  • ตุ๊กแก (dtúk-gaae) = “gecko”
  • จิ้งเหลน (jîng-lěen) = “skink”
  • อิกัวนา (i-gua-nâa) = “iguana”
  • ตะขาบ (dtà-khàap) = “centipede”
  • หอยทาก (hǎauy-thâak) = “snail”
  • กิ้งกือ (gîng-guue) = “millipede”

A Lizard

I hate lizards.

8. Animal Body Parts

Now that you’ve learned the names of several animals in Thai, it’s time to learn what their body parts are called! 

  • จะงอยปาก (jà-ngaauy-bpàak) = “beak”
  • ปีก (bpìik) = “wing”
  • หาง (hǎang) = “tail”
  • ขน (khǒn) = “feather”
  • เขา (khǎo) = “horn” / “antler”
  • งา (ngaa) = “ivory”
  • นอ (naaw) = “rhinoceros’s horn”
  • กระดอง (grà-daawng) = “shell”
  • ครีบ (khrîip) = “fin”
  • กรงเล็บ (grong-lép) = “claw”

9. Animal Sounds in Thai

In each country, people associate animals with different onomatopoeic sounds. If you live in the United States, for example, you likely say that dogs go “woof” and cats go “meow.” But do you know their sounds in Thai? 

Notice that most of the sounds below are doubled, as this is how they’re represented in the Thai language. 

  • โฮ่ง ๆ (hôong-hôong) = dog’s sound
  • เหมียว ๆ (mǐiao-mǐiao) = cat’s sound
  • อู๊ด ๆ (úut-úut) = pig’s sound
  • มอ ๆ (maaw-maaw) = ox’s sound
  • ฮี่ ๆ (hîi-hîi) = horse’s sound
  • เอ้กอีเอ้ก ๆ (êek-ii-êek-êek) = cock’s sound
  • จิ๊บ ๆ (jíp-jíp) = bird’s sound
  • ก้าบ ๆ (gâap-gâap) = duck’s sound
  • เจี๊ยบ ๆ (jíiap-jíiap) = chick’s sound
  • เจี๊ยก ๆ (jíiak-jíiak) = monkey’s sound
  • แปร๋น ๆ (brǎaen-brǎaen) = elephant’s sound
  • อ๊บ ๆ (óp-óp) = frog’s sound

10. Animal-Related Idioms in Thai

There are many idioms in Thai that mention animals. Learning them will give you a better idea of how we view animals in Thai culture, and using them yourself will help you sound more like a native speaker. Below, we’ve listed and explained the ten most common animal idioms. 

1 – กระต่ายหมายจันทร์ 

Pronunciation: grà-dtàai mǎai jan

Literal translation: Rabbit wants the moon.

Idiom meaning: This idiom comes from a children’s story, and it refers to a man who loves a woman of higher social or financial status. It compares a man to a rabbit and a woman to the moon. Despite how much the rabbit wants the moon, it can do nothing but stare. There are two ways to use this idiom: to say that a man is like a rabbit or to compare a man’s actions to those of a rabbit.

Example:
เมฆชอบดาวมาก แต่เขาก็เป็นได้แค่กระต่ายหมายจันทร์
mêek-châawp-daao-mâak dtàae-khǎo-gâaw-bpen-dâi-khâae-grà-dtàai-mǎai-jan
“Mek likes Dow a lot, but there is nothing he can do (because Dow is richer or has a much higher social status).”

2 – หนูตกถังข้าวสาร 

Pronunciation: nǔu-dtòk-thǎng-khâao-sǎan

Literal translation: A rat falls into a bucket of rice.

Idiom meaning: When a rat falls into a bucket of rice, it suddenly has a lot of food without needing to do anything. In the same way, a man who marries a richer woman gets more money without having to work for it. This idiom is typically used as an insult directed toward men who marry women of higher financial status. 

Example:
วินแต่งงานกับคนรวย เลยถูกดูถูกว่าเป็นหนูตกถังข้าวสาร
win-dtàaeng-ngaan-gàp-khon-ruuay looei-thùuk-duu-thùuk-wâa-bpen-nǔu-dtòk-thǎng-khâao-sǎan
“Win married a rich woman, so others look down on him.”

3 – วัวแก่กินหญ้าอ่อน 

Pronunciation: wuua-gàae-gin-yâa-àawn

Literal translation: Old ox eats young grass.

Idiom meaning: This idiom refers to a man who marries (or is in a relationship with) a much younger woman. The saying stems from the eating habits of oxen; young oxen only eat young grass, but old oxen can choose to eat either old or young grass. Older men who marry younger women are like an old ox that chooses to eat only young grass. We normally use this idiom in a negative way, as this type of relationship is quite improper in Thailand. 

Example:
ลุงเป็นวัวแก่กินหญ้าอ่อน เมียของลุงอายุน้อยกว่าลุงตั้ง 15 ปี
lung-bpen-wuua-gàae-gin-yâa-àawn miia-khǎawng-lung-aa-yú-náauy-gwàa-lung-dtâng-sìp-hâa-bpii
“Uncle is in a relationship with a young woman. His wife is 15 years younger than him.”

4 – รีดเลือดกับปู 

Pronunciation: rîit-lûueat-gàp-bpuu

Literal translation: Squeeze blood from crab

Idiom meaning: This idiom refers to a situation where someone tries to benefit or receive financial gain from those who have nothing to give. Crabs have little blood, so trying to get blood from them is next to impossible. 

Example:
เขารู้ว่าคนที่เช่าที่เขาไม่มีเงิน แต่ก็จะขึ้นค่าเช่า รีดเลือดกับปูชัด ๆ
Khǎo-rúu-wâa-khon-thîi-châo-thîi-khǎo-mâi-mii-ngoen dtàae-gâaw-jà-khûen-khâa-châo rîit-lûueat-gàp-bpuu-chát-chát
“The landlord knows that his tenant has no money. Still, he increases the rent. He threatens to get benefits from those who have nothing to give.”

5 – ขี่ช้างจับตั๊กแตน 

Pronunciation: khìi-cháang-jàp-dták-gà-dtaaen

Literal translation: Ride an elephant to catch grasshoppers

Idiom meaning: This Thai idiom refers to investing a lot only to get a little in return. Traditionally, elephants were used in big events such as war or long-distance travel; it wouldn’t make sense to use such a large animal for something small or insignificant (like catching grasshoppers). Likewise, one should not invest heavily in something that does not promise a high yield. 

Example:
ถ้าจะเปิดร้านขายขนม แล้วต้องใช้เงินเยอะขนาดนี้ ดูยังไงก็ขี่ช้างจับตั๊กแตนนะ
thâa-jà-bpòoet-ráan-khǎai-khà-nǒm láaeo-dtâawng-chái-ngoen-yóe-khà-nàat-níi duu-yang-ngai-gâaw-khìi-cháang-jàp-dták-gà-dtaaen-ná
“If you invest this much money to open a bakery shop, it is like investing a lot to get a little in return.”

6 – นกน้อยทำรังแต่พอตัว

Pronunciation: nók-náauy-tham-rang-dtàae-phaaw-dtuua

Literal translation: Small bird builds its nest big enough for itself.

Idiom meaning: You should adjust your spending patterns based on how much money you have, and never buy what you can’t afford. Just like a bird can build its nest with the basic materials it finds, so can we build our homes and our lives with however much money we have. 

Example:
แม่ว่ากระเป๋าใบนั้นราคาแพงไปหน่อยนะ นกน้อยต้องทำรังแต่พอตัวนะจ๊ะ
mâae-wâa-grà-bpǎo-bai-nán-raa-khaa-phaaeng-bpai-nàuuy-ná nók-náauy-dtâawng-tham-rang-dtàae-phaaw-dtuua-ná-já
(Mother talking to daughter) “I think that bag is too expensive. You should buy things based on the amount of money you have.”

7 – หมากัดอย่ากัดตอบ

Pronunciation: mǎa-gàt-yàa-gàt-dtàawp 

Literal translation: Dog bites, don’t bite back.

Idiom meaning: This Thai proverb means that we should not lower ourselves to the level of those who hurt us or do bad things. In Thailand, we view those who do bad things or act inappropriately as lower-class people. By doing the same actions in order to get back at them, one is no better than they are. It’s okay to be angry, but we should never stoop down to their level. 

Example:
ถึงเขาจะทำตัวหยาบคายใส่เรา แต่เราต้องไม่ทำแบบนั้น หมากัดอย่ากัดตอบ
thǔeng-khǎo-jà-tham-dtuua-yàap-khaai-sài-rao dtàae-rao-dtâawng-mâi-tham-bàaep-nán mǎa-gàt- yàa-gàt-dtàawp
“Although he acted rudely, we must not act rudely back. Don’t do bad things in order to get back at bad people.”

8 – จับปลาสองมือ

Pronunciation: jàp-bplaa-sǎawng-muue

Literal translation: Catch fish with two hands

Idiom meaning: This idiom refers to doing two difficult tasks at the same time, which will render your efforts unsuccessful. Think about trying to catch one fish in your right hand and another fish in your left hand at the same time; it would be very difficult! It’s better to do one thing at a time. 

Example:
เธอจะขับรถหรือจะโทรศัพท์ ทำทีละอย่าง อย่าจับปลาสองมือ
thooe-jà-khàp-rót-rǔue-jà-thoo-rá-sàp tham-tii-lá-yàang yàa-jàp-bplaa-sǎawng-muue
“Are you going to drive or use your mobile phone? Do one thing at a time. Do not do two things at the same time.”

9 – ชี้โพรงให้กระรอก

Pronunciation: chíi-phroong-hâi-grà-râawk

Literal translation: Point to a hollow for a squirrel

Idiom meaning: This Thai proverb warns people to be careful when speaking, because our words can encourage others to do bad things (even if that was not our intention). For example, imagine that a woman is telling a friend that her window is broken and that she’s afraid a thief will come in that way. If someone in need of money happens to overhear, they may decide to break into that woman’s house to steal. A saying with a similar meaning in English might be, “Keep honest people honest.” 

Example:
เธอพูดแบบนี้ ชี้โพรงให้กระรอกชัด ๆ
thooe-phûut-bàaep-níi chíi-proong-hâi-grà-râawk-chát-chát
“Your saying this is like encouraging someone to do a bad thing.”

10 – สอนจระเข้ให้ว่ายน้ำ

Pronunciation: sǎawn-jà-rá-khêe-hâi-wâi-nám

Literal translation: Teach a crocodile to swim

Idiom meaning: This idiom refers to teaching something to someone who can already do that thing well. Because crocodiles can already swim, there’s no need to teach them how. 

Example:
เธอจะไปสอนแนนทำอาหารทำไม สอนจระเข้ให้ว่ายน้ำชัด ๆ
thooe-jà-bpai-sǎawn-naaen-tham-aa-hǎan-tham-mai sǎawn-jà-rá-khêe-hâi-wâi-nám-chát-chát
Why will you teach Nan how to cook? She already cooks well.

A Woman Preparing a Meal

11. Conclusion

In this article, you learned several Thai animal names and some other relevant vocabulary. We also introduced you to the ten most common Thai idioms and proverbs that mention animals. It will take some time to memorize all of the words and phrases in this article, but you’re sure to get there if you practice often. Having these Thai words for animals up your sleeve will help you converse with native speakers about pets, favorite animals, and even nature in general! 

If you would like to continue learning Thai in the fastest, easiest, and most fun way possible, make sure to create your free lifetime account on ThaiPod101.com today. We offer our students a variety of audio and video lessons, vocabulary lists, and other free resources to help them make the most of their study time. 

Not sure where to start? We recommend you check out these fun articles:

Happy learning!

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Learn Basic Thai Phone Call Phrases

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Who doesn’t have a phone these days? 

In Thailand, nearly 90% of the population owns a mobile phone and uses it on a daily basis.

While chat applications and social media have grown in popularity over the years, phone calls are still an important means of communication. It’s through phone calls that we make appointments, stay in close contact with friends and family, ask for information, and complete other essential tasks. 

Because telephone communication is such an integral part of life, learning even a few basic Thai phone call phrases will greatly benefit you as a language learner. 

In this article, you’ll learn how to make a phone call in Thai. We will cover a variety of phrases and expressions you’ll need for answering the phone, introducing yourself, stating your reason for calling, handling connection issues, ending the call, and more! In addition, we’ve provided two sample phone conversations in Thai so you can see how these phrases might be used during an actual call.

Let’s get right to it.

A Guy on the Couch Talking on the Phone with a Remote in His Hand

I’m calling my Thai friends.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. How to Begin the Phone Call
  2. Stating Your Reason for Calling
  3. When They’re Not Available
  4. Problems During the Call
  5. Ending the Call
  6. Sample Phone Conversations
  7. Conclusion

1. How to Begin the Phone Call 

There are a couple of different ways a telephone conversation in Thailand might begin, depending on whether it’s a formal or informal situation. In either case, the call will begin with a greeting and the caller will ask if they have the right number. 

In a formal context, the caller will introduce themself and then state their purpose for calling. But if the context is informal, the caller will simply ask if they can speak to someone. 

With this in mind, here are the most typical Thai phone call phrases for greeting, checking, and self-introductions. 

1 – Greeting

There are two common ways to answer the phone in Thai:

Formal situation

Thai: สวัสดี
Pronunciation: sà-wàt-dii
English: Hello

Informal situation

Thai: ฮัลโหล
Pronunciation: han-lǒo
English: Hello

2 – Checking

After your greeting, you can check whether you’re contacting the right number by using one of these useful Thai phrases for a phone call.

Formal situation

Thai: ที่นี่ใช่___รึเปล่า
Pronunciation: thîi-nîi-châi-___-rúe-bplào
English: Is this ___?

Informal situation

Thai: ใช่___รึเปล่า
Pronunciation: châi-___-rúe-bplào
English: Is this ___?

3 – Introducing yourself

In formal situations, it’s proper to introduce yourself before stating your reason for calling. In many cases, the person who receives your call will inquire about who you are.

Question:  

Thai: ติดต่อมาจากไหน
Pronunciation: dtìt-dtàaw-maa-jàak-nǎi
English: Who is calling?

Answer:  

Thai: ดิฉันชื่อ…ติดต่อมาจาก… (Female answer)
Pronunciation: dì-chǎn-chûue-…-dtìt-dtàaw-maa-jàak-… 
English: My name is ___. I’m calling from ___.

Thai: ผมชื่อ…ติดต่อมาจาก… (Male answer)
Pronunciation: phǒm-chûue-…-dtìt-dtàaw-maa-jàak-… 
English: My name is ___. I’m calling from ___.

2. Stating Your Reason for Calling

During a formal call, the next step is usually to give your reason for calling. You can also skip this step and just ask if you can speak to someone (which is most often how an informal call goes). Below are several Thai phone conversation phrases you can use for these purposes. 

1 – I want to…

Question:  

Thai: ต้องการติดต่อเรื่องอะไร
Pronunciation: dtâawng-gaan-dtìt-dtàaw-rûueang-à-rai
English: How can I help you?

Answer:  

Thai: ต้องการสอบถามเรื่อง…
Pronunciation: dtâawng-gaan-sàawp-thǎam-rûueang-…
English: I want to ask about…

Thai: ต้องการจอง…
Pronunciation: dtâawng-gaan-jaawng-…
English: I want to book

Thai: ต้องการนัด…
Pronunciation: dtâawng-gaan-nát-…
English: I want to make an appointment

Thai: ต้องการเสนอ…
Pronunciation: dtâawng-gaan-sà-nǒoe…
English: I want to offer…

Thai: โทรกลับมาหาคุณ ___
Pronunciation: thoo-glàp-maa-hǎa-khun-___
English: I’m calling ___ back.

A Woman Talking on the Phone while Working Late at the Office

I’m calling Miss Pranee back.

2 – I want to speak to…

Formal situation

Thai: ขอเรียนสายคุณ ___
Pronunciation: khǎaw-riian-sǎai-khun-___
English: May I speak to ___?

Informal situation

Thai: ขอสาย___หน่อย
Pronunciation: khǎaw-sǎai-___-nàauy
English: May I speak to ___?

3 – Please wait a moment…

Formal situation

Thai: รบกวนถือสายสักครู่
Pronunciation: róp-guuan-thǔue-sǎai-sàk-khrûu
English: Please wait for a moment.

Thai: รอสักครู่ จะโอนสายให้
Pronunciation: raaw-sàk-khrûu jà-oon-sǎai-hâi
English: Wait for a moment, I will put you on the line.

Informal situation

Thai: รอแป๊บนะ
Pronunciation: raaw-bpáep-ná
English: Wait a minute.

Thai: ถือสายแป๊บนะ
Pronunciation: thǔue-sǎai-bpáep-ná
English: Hold on for a minute.

3. When They’re Not Available 

Sometimes, you may not be able to contact the person you intended to. In this case, the receiver will let you know why that person is unavailable and you’ll have the opportunity to leave a message.

1 – Reason for unavailability

Thai: ___ไม่อยู่
Pronunciation: ___mâi-yùu
English:  ___ is not here.

Thai: ตอนนี้___ไม่สะดวกรับสาย
Pronunciation: dtaawn-níi-___-mâi-sà-dùuak-ráp-sǎai
English: ___ can’t answer the phone now.

Thai: ตอนนี้สายไม่ว่าง
Pronunciation: dtaawn-níi-sǎai-mâi-wâng
English: The line is not available now.

Thai: ตอนนี้___ติดประชุมอยู่
Pronunciation: dtaawn-níi-dtìt-bprà-chum-yùu
English: ___ is in a meeting now.

2 – Leaving a message

In formal situations, the receiver will likely ask if you would like to leave a message. Here are a couple of phrases you could use to do so: 

Thai: ฝากข้อความเอาไว้ให้ได้มั้ย
Pronunciation: fàak-khâaw-kwaam-ao-wái-hâi-dâi-mái
English: Can I leave a message?

Thai: ให้โทรกลับมาที่___ได้มั้ย
Pronunciation: hâi-thoo-glàp-maa-thîi-___-dâi-mái
English: Can ___ call back at ___?

A Napkin that Says Call Me! with a Phone Number Written Down

Can he call back?

4. Problems During the Call

Any number of issues could arise during your phone call, such as a bad connection or unclear message. These Thai phone call phrases can help you navigate this type of situation:

Thai: ช่วยพูดเสียงดังหน่อยได้มั้ย ไม่ค่อยได้ยินเลย
Pronunciation: chûuai-phûut-sǐiang-dang-nàauy-dâi-mái mâi-khâauy-dâi-yin-looei
English: Can you speak louder? I can’t hear you.

Thai: สัญญาณไม่ค่อยดีเลย ได้ยินมั้ย
Pronunciation: sǎn-yaan-mâi-khâauy-dii-looei dâi-yin-mái
English: The connection is not so good. Can you hear me?

Thai: ไม่ได้ยินเลย
Pronunciation: mâi-dâi-yin-looei
English: I can’t hear you.

Thai: ไม่แน่ใจว่าสะกดยังไง
Pronunciation: mâi-nâae-jai-wâa-sà-gòt-yang-ngai
English: I’m not sure how to spell this.

Thai: ขอทวนอีกครั้ง
Pronunciation: khǎaw-thuuan-ìik-khráng
English: I will repeat it again.
Additional note: In formal situations, it is good to repeat the details of an important conversation to make sure that you understand things correctly.

Thai: คุณโทรผิด
Pronunciation: khun-thoo-phìt
Pronunciation: khun-thoo-phìt

5. Ending the Call

The final part of the phone conversation will be ending the call. Here are a few ways to end a phone call in Thai:

Thai: แค่นี้นะ
Pronunciation: khâae-níi-ná
English: That’s it.
Additional note: This is the most common phrase for ending phone calls in Thailand.

Thai: ขอบคุณ
Pronunciation: khàawp-khun
English: Thank you.

Thai: แล้วเจอกัน
Pronunciation: láaeo-jooe-gan
English: See you.

6. Sample Phone Conversations

Now that you’ve learned all the essential Thai phone call phrases, let’s see how they might be used in real phone conversations. Below are two sample conversations: one casual call between friends and one formal call about booking a table. 

A conversation between friends

เอ:  

  • ฮัลโหล
  • han-lǒo
  • Hello.

บี:  

  • ฮัลโหลเอ นี่บีเองนะ
  • han-lǒo-ee nîi-bii-eeng-ná
  • Hello, A. This is B speaking.

เอ:  

  • ว่าไงบี
  • wâa-ngai-bii
  • What’s up, B?

บี:  

  • วันเสาร์นี้ว่างมั้ย ไปกินข้าวกัน
  • wan-sǎo-níi-wâang-mái bpai-gin-khâao-gan
  • Are you available this Saturday? Let’s have a meal together.

เอ:  

  • ได้สิ เจอกันซัก 10 โมงดีมั้ย ที่ร้านเดิมนะ เดี๋ยวเราโทรไปจองโต๊ะให้
  • dâi-sì jooe-gan-sák-sìp-moong-dii-mái thîi-ráan-dooem-ná dǐiao-rao-thoo-bpai-jaawng-dtó-hâi
  • Sure, should we meet at ten a.m. at the same restaurant? If so, I will book a table for us.

บี:  

  • ได้ เสร็จแล้วไปซื้อของเป็นเพื่อนเราหน่อยได้มั้ย เราอยากได้แว่นกันแดดอันใหม่
  • dâi sèt-láaeo-bpai-súue-khǎawng-bpen-phûuean-rao-nàauy-dâi-mái rao-yàak-dâi-wâaen-gan-dàaet- an-mài
  • Yes. After the meal, can you go shopping with me? I want new sunglasses.

เอ:  

  • โอเค เราก็อยากได้เหมือนกัน แต่เราอยู่ได้ถึงแค่บ่ายสองนะ
  • oo-khee rao-gâaw-yàak-dâi-mǔuean-gan dtàae-rao-yùu-dâi-thǔeng-kâae-bàai-sǎawng-ná
  • Okay, I want a new pair too. But I can only stay until two p.m.

Two Friends Posing with Sunglasses on

We want new sunglasses.

บี:  

  • ได้ งั้นเจอกันวันเสาร์นี้นะ
  • dâi ngán-jooe-gan-wan-sǎo-níi-ná
  • No problem, see you this Saturday.

เอ:  

  • เจอกัน แค่นี้นะ
  • jooe-gan khâae-níi-ná
  • See you.

Booking a table at a restaurant

เอ:  

  • สวัสดีค่ะ
  • sà-wàt-dii-khà
  • Hello.

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • สวัสดีครับ คาเฟ่บ้านยิ้ม ยินดีให้บริการครับ
  • sà-wàt-dii-khráp khaa-fêe-bâan-yím yin-dii-hâi-baaw-rí-gaan-khráp
  • Hello, this is Ban Yim Cafe. How can I help you?

เอ:  

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • ได้ครับ สำหรับวันไหนดีครับ
  • dâi-khráp sǎm-ràp-wan-nǎi-dii-khráp
  • Okay, on which date?

เอ:  

  • วันเสาร์ที่ 19 พฤศจิกายน เวลา 10 โมงค่ะ
  • wan-sǎo-thîi-sìp-gâo-phrúet-sà-jì-gaa-yon-wee-laa-sìp-moong-khà
  • Saturday, November 19, at ten a.m.

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • เรียบร้อยครับ ลูกค้าอยากจะสั่งอาหารไว้ล่วงหน้ามั้ยครับ วันเสาร์นี้จะมีเมนูพิเศษเป็นเครปมะพร้าว ครับ มีแค่ 20 ที่เท่านั้นครับ
  • rîiap-ráauy-khráp lûuk-kháa-yàak-jà-sàng-aa-hǎan-wái-lûuang-nâa-mái-khráp wan-sǎo-níi-jà-mii- mee-nuu-phí-sèet-bpen-khréep-má-práao-khráp mii-khâae-yîi-sìp-thîi-thâo-nán-khráp
  • Done. Do you want to order the food in advance? This Saturday, our special menu is “coconut crepe.” There will be only 20 pieces.

เอ:  

  • จองเครปมะพร้าว 1 ที่ค่ะ
  • jaawng-khréep-má-práao-nùeng-thîi-khà
  • Then, I want one coconut crepe.

A Plate of Crepes

I want one coconut crepe.

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • ได้ครับ ขอทวนอีกครั้งนะครับ ลูกค้าต้องการจองโต๊ะสำหรับ 2 ท่าน วันเสาร์ที่ 19 พฤศจิกายน เวลา 10 โมง และจองเครปมะพร้าว 1 ที่ครับ
  • dâi-khráp khǎaw-thuuan-ìik-khráng-ná-khráp lûuk-kháa-dtâawng-gaan-jaawng-dtó-sǎm-ràp-sǎawng- thâan wan-sǎo-thîi-sìp-gâo-phrúet-sà-jì-gaa-yon-wee-laa-sìp-moong láe-jaawng-khréep-má- práao-nùeng-thîi-khráp
  • Okay, I will repeat it again. You want to book a table for two people on Saturday, November 19, at ten a.m. and order one coconut crepe.  

เอ:  

  • ถูกต้องค่ะ 
  • thùuk-dtâawng-khà 
  • That is correct.

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • ขอทราบชื่อลูกค้าด้วยครับ
  • khǎaw-sâap-chûue-lûuk-kháa-dûuai-khráp
  • What is your name?

เอ:  

  • เอค่ะ 
  • ee-khà 
  • My name is A.

พนักงานร้านอาหาร:  

  • เรียบร้อยครับ ขอบคุณครับ
  • rîiap-ráauy-khráp khàawp-khun-khráp
  • All done, thank you.

7. Conclusion

In this article, you learned many different Thai phone call phrases for use in typical phone conversations. You should now have more confidence to make and take phone calls, but don’t forget to practice often! 

What are some common phone phrases in your language? How different are they from those in Thai? Let us know in the comments! 

Now that you know how to make a phone call in the Thai language, you may want to explore other interesting topics here at ThaiPod101.com. Here are suggestions for you:

Happy learning! 

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Learn How to Say “I Love You,” in Thai

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There are several words and phrases that students of a foreign language learn early on: 

Hello.
Thank you.
I’m sorry.

And…

I love you.

Depending on how long you’ve been studying the language, you might already know how to say “I love you,” in Thai. But are you familiar with the more nuanced expressions, or how to take your romantic relationship a step further? 

Knowing love expressions in Thai is essential. Love is one of the most important emotions anyone could feel, so you should absolutely learn how to express it. 

In this article, we’ll teach you several essential Thai love phrases you can use in various situations. Whether you want to woo a Thai love interest or strengthen your existing relationship with a native speaker, the words and phrases here will be invaluable to you!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Pick-up Lines in Thai
  2. Thai Love Phrases for Her / Thai Love Phrases for Him
  3. Being Together and Getting Married
  4. Endearment Terms
  5. Sayings About Love in Thai
  6. Conclusion

1. Pick-up Lines in Thai 

If you’ve found yourself falling head over heels for a native Thai speaker, the following lines can help you get your foot in the door. There are two ways that Thai people usually begin flirting with someone: 

1) By asking if he or she is in a relationship.
2) By showing that they care about the person.

Below are a few Thai phrases for flirting you can start practicing right away.

1 – มีแฟนยัง

Pronunciation:
mii-faaen-yang

English translation:
Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend?

Additional explanation:
Literally, แฟน (faaen) means “boyfriend” or “girlfriend” in Thai. However, Thai people can also use this word in reference to a husband or wife.

2 – [pronoun “I” or name] + อยากเป็นแฟน + [pronoun “you” or name]

Pronunciation: 
[pronoun “I” or name] + yàak-bpen-faaen + [pronoun “you” or name]

English translation: 
I want to be your boyfriend/girlfriend.

Additional explanation: 
In Thai, there are many ways you can refer to yourself or to other parties. You can call someone by name, use a nickname, or use the pronoun “I” or “you.”

3 – จีบได้มั๊ย

Pronunciation:
jìip-dâi-mái

English translation: 
Can I court you?

Additional explanation: 
Another way you can express your interest is to say this sentence directly to the one you’re interested in.

A Man Flirting with a Woman in a Cafe

Can I court you?

4 – เป็นยังไงบ้าง / ทำอะไรอยู่

Pronunciation: 
bpen-yang-ngai-bâang / tham-à-rai-yùu

English translation:
How are you? / What are you doing?

Additional explanation: 
By asking about your love interest’s daily life, you’re showing that you care about the person. If someone asks you these questions, it might be an indicator that they have feelings for you—but remember that it doesn’t mean you’re courting yet!

5 – เป็นห่วงนะ

Pronunciation:
bpen-hùuang-ná

English translation:
I care about you.

Additional explanation:  
This phrase can be used to show that you care about someone. Saying เป็นห่วง (bpen-hùuang) implies that you think about that person and want him/her to be happy and physically well.

6 – เหนื่อยมั๊ย

Pronunciation:
nùueai-mái

English translation:
Are you tired?

Additional explanation:
When you’re feeling down or tired, being asked if you’re tired/okay can sometimes make you feel better. If someone asks you this, it’s a good sign that they still care about you.

7 – ฝันดีนะ

Pronunciation:
fǎn-dii-ná

English translation:
Have a good dream.

Additional explanation:
Wishing someone good dreams shows that you care about them, even as they sleep.

2. Thai Love Phrases for Her / Thai Love Phrases for Him

Once your romantic relationship is more solid, it’s time to keep your partner hooked by expressing your affection each and every day. Below are several love expressions in Thai you can use to do so! 

8 – [pronoun “I” or name] + คิดถึง + [pronoun “you” or name]

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + khít-thǔeng + [pronoun “you” or name]

English translation:
I miss you.

A Woman Embracing a Man from Behind

I miss you.

9 – [pronoun “I” or name] + ชอบ + [pronoun “you” or name] + มากกว่าเพื่อน

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + châawp + [pronoun “you” or name] + mâak-gwàa-phûuean

English translation:  
I think of you as more than a friend.

Additional explanation:
This phrase literally means “I like you more than a friend,” but its equivalent in English is “I think of you as more than a friend.”

10 – [pronoun “I” or name] + หยุดคิดถึง + [pronoun “you” or name] + ไม่ได้

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + yùt-khít-thǔeng + [pronoun “you” or name] + mâi-dâi

English translation:
I can’t stop thinking about you.

11 – [pronoun “I” or name] + อยากเจอ + [pronoun “you” or name] + ตลอดเวลา

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + yàak-jooe + [pronoun “you” or name] + dtà-làawt-wee-laa

English translation:
I want to see you all the time.

Additional explanation:
You can use this Thai love phrase to imply that you miss the other person.

12 – [pronoun “I” or name] + ชอบ + [pronoun “you” or name]

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + châawp + [pronoun “you” or name]

English translation:
I like you.

Additional explanation:
If you want to emphasize that you like the person “very much,” you can add มาก (mâak) to the end of the sentence.

13 – [pronoun “I” or name] + รัก + [pronoun “you” or name]

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + rák + [pronoun “you” or name]

English translation:
I love you.

Additional explanation:
As with the Thai love phrase above, if you want to say “I love you very much,” or “I love you so much,” you can add มาก (mâak) to the end of the sentence.

14 – [pronoun “you” or name] + มีความหมายต่อ + [pronoun “I” or name] + มาก

Pronunciation:  
[pronoun “you” or name] + mii-khwaam-mǎai-dtàaw + [pronoun “I” or name] + mâak 

English translation:
You mean so much to me.

15 – [pronoun “I” or name] + ชอบอยู่กับ + [pronoun “you” or name]

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + châawp-yùu-gàp + [pronoun “you” or name]

English translation:
I like being with you.

Additional explanation:
If you feel like the previous Thai love phrases were too cheesy or intense, you can opt for this more subtle one instead!

16 – [pronoun “you” or name] + ทำให้ชีวิตของ + [pronoun “I” or name] + มีความหมาย

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “you” or name] + tham-hâi-chii-wít-khǎawng + [pronoun “I” or name] + mii- kwaam-mǎai 

English translation:
You make my life meaningful.

3. Being Together and Getting Married

Thailand is a family-oriented society. This means that if you’re in a serious relationship with a Thai person, you’ll have to meet and interact with your in-laws to some extent. As your relationship moves forward, learning the following phrases can be very helpful.

17 – [day] + [pronoun “you” or name] + ไปทานข้าวกับพ่อแม่ของ + [pronoun “I” or name] + ได้มั๊ย

Pronunciation:
[day] + [pronoun “you” or name] + bpai-thaan-khâao-gàp-phâaw-mâae-khǎawng + [pronoun “I” or name] + dâi-mái 

English translation:
Can you have a meal with my parents on…?

Additional explanation:
Thai people often meet their boyfriend’s or girlfriend’s parents for the first time in a restaurant setting. So if your boyfriend/girlfriend asks you this question, it implies that he/she takes the relationship seriously.

18 – ช่วงนี้พ่อแม่ของ + [pronoun “I” or name] + จะมาหา + [pronoun “you” or name] + มาเจอพ่อแม่ของ + [pronoun “I” or name] + หน่อยได้มั๊ย

Pronunciation:
chûuang-níi-phâaw-mâae-khǎawng + [pronoun “I” or name] + jà-maa-hǎa + [pronoun “you” or name] + maa-jooe-phâaw-mâae-khǎawng + [pronoun “I” or name] + nàauy-dâi-mái

English translation:
My parents will come to see me, can you come to meet them?

Additional explanation:
Thai people usually visit family members during the holidays, so if your lover doesn’t live with his/her parents, he/she may ask you this.

19 – [day] + [pronoun “you” or name] + สะดวกมาบ้าน + [pronoun “I” or name] + มั๊ย ผมอยากแนะนำคุณให้พ่อแม่รู้จัก

Pronunciation:
[day] + [pronoun “you” or name] + sà-dùuak-maa-bâan + [pronoun “I” or name] + mái phǒm-yàak-náe-nam-khun-hâi-phâaw-mâae-rùu-jàk

English translation:
Are you available to come to my home on…? I want to introduce you to my parents.

Additional explanation:  
Apart from restaurant meetings, it’s also common for Thai people to meet their lover’s parents at his/her home. This way, in addition to getting to know his/her family members, you’ll also get to see how they live their daily lives as well.

20 – ย้ายมาอยู่ด้วยกันนะ

Pronunciation:
yáai-maa-yùu-dûuay-gan-ná

English translation:
Let’s move in together.

Additional explanation:
Nowadays, Thai people are more open to the idea of lovers living together before getting married. So if your lover is quite open-minded about this, he/she may say yes.

21 – คุณอยากย้ายมาอยู่กับ + [pronoun “I” or name] + มั๊ย 

Pronunciation:  
khun-yàak-yáai-maa-yùu-gàp + [pronoun “I” or name] + mái

English translation:  
Do you want to move into my house?

Additional explanation:  
Another question you can ask your lover if you’d like them to move in with you.

22 – แต่งงานกันนะ 

Pronunciation:
dtàaeng-ngaan-gan-ná

English translation:
Will you marry me?

A Man Putting a Ring on a Woman’s Finger on Their Wedding Day

Will you marry me?

23 – [pronoun “you” or name] + อยากมีลูกมั๊ย

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “you” or name] + yàak-mii-lûuk-mái

English translation:
Do you want to have a baby?

Additional explanation:
If you want to start a family together, you should know first whether your lover wants a child as well. Some Thai people do not like kids and plan to have no children. So if you’re in a serious relationship, don’t forget to ask about this to make sure that you have the same family goals in terms of kids.

24 – [pronoun “I” or name] + อยากมีลูก คุณเห็นว่าอย่างไร

Pronunciation:
[pronoun “I” or name] + yàak-mii-lûuk khun-hěn-wâa-yàang-rai

English translation:
I want to have a baby. What do you think?

Additional explanation:
Another way you can ask for your partner’s opinion about having children together.

25 – เรามาวางแผนมีลูกกันเถอะ

Pronunciation:
rao-maa-waang-phǎaen-mii-lûuk-gan-thòe

English translation:
Let’s make a plan about babies.

Additional explanation:
You can use this sentence when you’re sure that your lover also wants to have a baby.

A Woman Breastfeeding Her Baby

Let’s make a plan about babies.

4. Endearment Terms

When it comes to terms of endearment in Thai, you’ll find that Thai people have some odd ways of expressing affection. While we do have terms like “my love” in Thai, there are also some endearment terms that may sound more like verbal abuse in other cultures. It’s just how Thai lovers refer to one another. Despite the meaning, you have to focus on the tone as well.

26 – ที่รัก

Pronunciation:
thîi-rák

English translation:
Darling

Additional explanation:
It can be used to refer to both men and women.

27 – เบบี๋ / บี๋

Pronunciation:
bee-bǐi / bǐi

English translation:
Baby

Additional explanation:
It can be used to refer to both men and women.

28 – อ้วน

Pronunciation:
ûuan

English translation:
Fat

Additional explanation:
This endearment term doesn’t sound nice at all, but Thai lovers do call one another this. Instead of using it in a negative or abusive way, they say it in a cute manner—like when you see a chubby puppy. It can be used to refer to both men and women.

29 – เหม่ง

Pronunciation:
mèng

English translation:
Wide forehead

Additional explanation:
Similar to อ้วน (ûuan), เหม่ง (mèng) is used as an affectionate term. Men often call their girlfriends this.

30 – เค้า / ตัวเอง

Pronunciation:
kháo / dtuua-eeng

English translation:
I / You

Additional explanation:
This is a very cute pronoun that Thai lovers use when talking to each other. เค้า (kháo) is “I” and ตัวเอง (dtuua-eeng) is “you.” These two words can be used for both men and women.

31 – พี่ / หนู

Pronunciation:  
phîi / nǔu

English translation:
I (male) / You (female)

Additional explanation:
This is another pronoun pair that Thai lovers use when the male is older than the female. พี่ (phîi) is “brother” and หนู (nǔu) is “I,” used when the speaker is younger than the other party.

32 – พ่อ / แม่

Pronunciation:
phâaw / mâae

English translation:
Father / Mother

Additional explanation:  
When a couple have children together, they sometimes change the way they call each other to พ่อ (phâaw) and แม่ (mâae).

5. Sayings About Love in Thai 

To sound more like a native and to gain more insight into romance in Thai culture, you should also learn some Thai idioms about love as well as popular Thai love quotes

33 – ดื่มน้ำผึ้งพระจันทร์

Pronunciation:
dùuem-náam-phûeng-phrá-jan

Literal translation:
drink honey moon

English translation:
honeymoon

Additional explanation:
This Thai idiom refers to a “honeymoon,” with nearly the same meaning as the English word.

34 – ข้าวใหม่ปลามัน

Pronunciation:
khâao-mài-bplaa-man

Literal translation: 
new rice, oily fish

English translation:  
newlywed

Additional explanation:
This Thai idiom is used to refer to a couple who has just gotten married.

ข้าวใหม่ปลามัน

35 – น้ำตาลใกล้มด

Pronunciation:
náฟm-dtaan-glâi-mót

Literal translation: 
sugar near ant

English translation:
If a man and a woman spend a lot of time together, they can fall in love.

Additional explanation:
This Thai idiom is used to explain that if a man and a woman are close to each other, there is a higher chance of them falling in love.

36 – ยามรักน้ำต้มผักยังว่าหวาน

Pronunciation:
yaam-rák-náam-dtôm-phàk-yang-wâa-wǎan

Literal translation:
Soup made with vegetables is sweet when you are in love.

English translation:
When you are in love, everything about your lover is good.

Additional explanation:
This Thai idiom compares couples when they’ve just fallen in love to someone eating vegetable soup and thinking it’s sweet. In other words, you think that everything about your lover is good simply because you love him or her.

37 – รัก คิดถึง แค่คำสั้น ๆ แต่มีความสุขทุกครั้งที่พูดมันออกไป

Pronunciation:
rák khít-thǔeng khâae-kham-sân-sân dtàae-mii-kwaam-sùk-thúk-khráng-thîi-phûut- man-àawk-bpai

English translation:
“Love,” “miss you,” they are just short words but I’m happy every time you say them.

38 – ความสัมพันธ์ที่ดี จะไม่ทำให้เราต้องมีคำถามใด ๆ ในความสัมพันธ์เลย

Pronunciation:  
kwaam-sǎm-phan-thîi-dii jà-mâi-tham-hâi-rao-dtâwng-mii-kham-thǎam-dai-dai- nai-kwam-sǎm-phan-looei

English translation:  
A good relationship is a relationship that you have no question about.

39 – ชอบ คือ ถูกใจในข้อดี รัก คือ ยินดีรับในข้อเสีย

Pronunciation:
châawp-khuue-thùuk-jai-nai-khâaw-dii rák-khuue-yin-dii-ráp-nai-khâaw-sǐia

English translation:
“Like” is liking the good part of someone. “Love” is accepting the bad part of someone.

40 – จงอยู่กับคนที่แสดงความรักให้เห็น มากกว่าคนที่แค่พูดให้ได้ยิน

Pronunciation: 
jong-yùu-gàp-khon-thîi-sà-daaeng-kwaam-rák-hâi-hěn mâak-gwàa-khon-thîi-khâae- phûut-hâi-dâi-yin

English translation:
Be with a person who shows you his/her love, not the one who just speaks it.

6. Conclusion

This is the end of the article. We hope you were able to pick up a few love phrases in Thai, some other romantic words, and even a couple of sweet quotes! Even if you can’t remember all of these Thai love phrases yet, you should now have more confidence in your ability to express your romantic feelings! 

What did you think about this lesson? Is the way Thai people express their love different from how it’s done in your country? Leave us a comment below to share your thoughts.

If you would like to continue learning Thai love words and phrases, or want to further explore romance in Thai society, make sure to check out the following pages on ThaiPod101.com: 

Happy learning, and wishing you success in your love life!

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Negation in Thai: Learn How to Form Negative Sentences

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One of the first words a baby learns to say is “no.” 

It turns out that this little word will come in handy for the rest of our lives! We use it to express our needs, wants, and boundaries on a daily basis. Whether saying no comes as naturally to you as breathing or you consider yourself a people-pleaser, one thing is certain: 

As a Thai learner, it’s crucial that you learn how to negate in Thai! 

“Negation” refers to the act of making a positive (or affirmative) statement negative, and this is a crucial skill to have for any conversation. It allows you to tell others no, answer questions negatively, and much more. 

In this article, we’ll teach you everything you need to know about Thai negation. You’ll learn about the rules and steps involved, pick up some useful negation words and phrases, and even gain some cultural insight along the way.

    → Before we start, you may want to look at our article about Thai tenses. This topic plays a large role in negation, so we recommend becoming familiar with it before diving into this article!
Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. An Overview of Negation in Thai
  2. Other Words of Negation in Thai
  3. Thai People and Negation
  4. Conclusion

1. An Overview of Negation in Thai 

The Thai word for “negation” is: 

Literally, this word refers to the action of saying no to someone or something. This word is also used as part of a longer phrase (ประโยคปฎิเสธ) which means “negative sentence.”

Fortunately for you, Thai grammar is very easy. Things like gender and number do not affect the structure of Thai sentences at all, and negating in Thai is as simple as adding the word “no” or “not” to the sentence. 

Below are several different ways you can make a sentence negative in Thai. 

1 – Negating Affirmative Sentences [present tense]

Negation particle used: 
ไม่ (mâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + ไม่ (mâi) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
แม่ไม่ชอบสีแดง
mâae-mâi-châawp-sǐi-daaeng
Mom doesn’t like the color red.

Example 2:
ฤดีพรไม่เรียนไวโอลินวันเสาร์
rúe-dii-paawn-mâi-riian-wai-oo-lin-wan-sǎo
Ruedeepron doesn’t learn violin on Saturday.

2 – Negating Affirmative Sentences [past tense]

Negation particle used: ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) + Verb + Object [if any]
Subject + ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) + เพิ่ง (phôeng) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
ตุลย์ไม่ได้ไปโรงเรียนเมื่อวานนี้
dtun-mâi-dâi-bpai-roong-riian-mûuea-waan-níi
Tun didn’t go to school yesterday.

Example 2:
น้าไม่ได้ซื้อนมมาจากตลาด
náa-mâi-dâi-súue-nom-maa-jàak-dtà-làat
Aunt didn’t buy milk from the market.

Example 3:
ครูไม่ได้เพิ่งสั่งงานมา ทำไมยังทำไม่เสร็จ
khruu-mâi-dâi-phôeng-sàng-ngaan-maa tham-mai-yang-tham-mâi-sèt
The teacher didn’t just order the work. Why isn’t your work finished yet?

Example 4:
แก้วไม่ได้เพิ่งเริ่มเรียนภาษาจีน เธอเรียนมาแล้วสามปี จึงพูดภาษาจีนได้ดี
gâaeo-mâi-dâi-phôeng-rôem-riian-phaa-sǎa-jiin thooe-riian-maa-láaeo-sǎam-bpii jueng-phûut-phaa- sǎa-jiin-dâi-dii
Kaew didn’t just start learning Chinese. She has learned it for 3 years now so she can speak it well.

3 – Negating Affirmative Sentences [future tense]

Negation particle used: 
ไม่ (mâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + จะ () + ไม่ (mâi) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
ณัฐจะไม่ไปพัทยาวันอังคารหน้า
nát-jà-mâi-bpai-phát-thá-yaa-wan-ang-khaan-nâa
Nut will not go to Pattaya next Tuesday.

Example 2:
พ่อจะไม่ทานข้าวเย็นกับพวกเราวันนี้
phâaw-jà-mâi-thaan-khâao-yen-gàp-phûuak-rao-wan-níi
Dad will not have dinner with us today.

4 – Negating Affirmative Sentences [present continuous tense]

Negation particle used:
ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) + กำลัง (gam-lang) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
นักเรียนไม่ได้กำลังเรียนหนังสืออยู่
nák-riian-mâi-dâi-gam-lang-riian-nǎng-sǔue-yùu
The student is not studying now.

Example 2:
เด็ก ๆ ไม่ได้กำลังนอนอยู่
dèk-dèk-mâi-dâi-gam-lang-naawn-yùu
The kids are not sleeping now.

5 – Negating Affirmative Sentences [perfect tense]

Negation particle used:
ไม่ (mâi) = not
ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) + Verb + Object [if any] + มา (maa) or ตั้งแต่ (dtâng-dtàae) + Time
Subject + ไม่ (mâi) + เคย (khooei) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
การะเกดไม่ได้ทำงานมา 3 วันแล้ว เธอป่วย
gaa-rá-gèet-mâi-dâi-tham-ngaan-maa-sǎam-wan-láaeo thooe-bpùuai
Garaget hasn’t worked for 3 days now. She is sick.

Garaget Hasn’t Worked for 3 Days Now. She Is Sick.

Example 2:
พิพัฒน์ไม่ได้อ่านหนังสือมาหลายอาทิตย์แล้ว เขายุ่งมาก
phí-phát-mâi-dâi-àan-nǎng-sǔue-maa-lǎai-aa-thít-láaeo khǎo-yûng-mâak
Pipat hasn’t read any books for many weeks now. He is very busy.

Example 3:
รำไพไม่เคยไปประเทศเกาหลี
ram-phai-mâi-khooei-bpai-phrà-thêet-gao-lǐi
Ramphai has never been to Korea.

Example 4:
ตั้มไม่เคยกินผลไม้ชนิดนี้มาก่อน
dtâm-mâi-khooei-gin-phǒn-lá-mái-chá-nít-níi-maa-gàawn
Tum has never eaten this kind of fruit before.

6 – The Negation of “Can” in Thai

Negation particle used:
ไม่ (mâi) = not
ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) = not

How to negate:
Subject + ไม่ (mâi) + สามารถ (sǎa-mâat) + Verb + Object [if any] + ได้ (dâi)
Subject + Verb + Object [if any] + ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi)

Example 1:
นทีไม่สามารถกินเผ็ดได้
ná-thii-mâi-sǎa-mâat-gin-phèt-dâi
Nathi can’t eat spicy food.

Example 2:
นทีกินเผ็ดไม่ได้
ná-thii-gin-phèt-mâi-dâi
Nathi can’t eat spicy food.

Example 3:
ปริณไม่สามารถขับรถได้
bpà-rin-mâi-sǎa-mâat-khàp-rót-dâi
Prin can’t drive.

Example 4:
ปริณขับรถไม่ได้
bpà-rin-khàp-rót-mâi-dâi
Prin can’t drive.

Additional note: 
These two Thai negation patterns are completely interchangeable! The meaning of the sentence will not change if you use one instead of the other.

7 – Negating Thai Adjectives and Adverbs

Negation particle used: 
ไม่ (mâi) = not

How to negate:
ไม่ (mâi) + adjective / adverb

Example 1:
เสื้อตัวนี้ราคาไม่แพง
sûuea-dtuua-níi-raa-khaa-mâi-phaaeng
This shirt is not expensive.

This Shirt Is not Expensive.

Example 2:
คุณตาเดินไม่เร็ว เพราะ พื้นลื่น
khun-dtaa-dooen-mâi-reo-phráw-phúuen-lûuen
Grandpa doesn’t walk fast because of the slippery floor.

8 – Giving Negative Instructions and Commands

Negation particle used:
ห้าม (hâam) = do not
อย่า (yàa) = do not

How to negate:
ห้าม (hâam) + Verb + Object [if any]
อย่า (yàa) + Verb + Object [if any]

Example 1:
ห้ามเข้า
hâam-khâo
Do not enter.

Example 2:
ห้ามใส่กางเกงขาสั้น
hâam-sài-gaang-geeng-khǎa-sân
Do not wear shorts.

Example 3:
อย่ากลับบ้านดึกนะ
yàa-glàp-bâan-dùek-ná
Do not come home late.

Example 4:
อย่าใส่พริกเยอะ เดี๋ยวจะเผ็ดเกินไป
yàa-sài-phrík-yóe dǐiao-jà-phèt-gooen-bpai
Do not add too much chili or else it will be too spicy.

Additional note:
Both ห้าม (hâam) and อย่า (yàa) are commonly used when giving negative commands in Thai. However, the two are slightly different in meaning. ห้าม (hâam) is used when giving a strong order, while อย่า (yàa) is typically used for giving a suggestion.

9 – Answering Yes-or-No Questions

Negation particle used:
ไม่ (mâi) = no

How to negate:
ไม่ (mâi) + Verb in the question

Example 1

Question:
เธอจะเอาขนมหวานมั๊ย
thooe-jà-ao-khà-nǒm-wǎan-mái
Do you want dessert?

Answer:
ไม่เอา
Mâi-ao
No, I don’t

Example 2

Question:
มะลิชอบสีเขียวมั๊ย
má-lí-châawp-sǐi-khǐiao-mái
Does Mali like the color green?

Answer:
ไม่ชอบ
mâi-châawp
No, she doesn’t.

Additional note: 
Sometimes questions end with รึเปล่า (rǔe-plào), which is a casual version of ใช่หรือไม่ (châi-rǔue-mâi) meaning “yes or no.” To answer negatively in this case, you would say เปล่า (plào), meaning “no.”

10 – Double Negation in Thai

Negation particle used:
ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) = not
ไม่ใช่ (mâi-châi) = not

How to negate:
ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) or ไม่ใช่ (mâi-châi) + Normal negation form

Example 1

Question:
เธอไม่ชอบฉันเหรอ
thooe-mâi-châawp-chǎn-rǎaw
Do you not like me?

Answer:
ฉันไม่ได้ไม่ชอบเธอ
chǎn-mâi-dâi-mâi-châawp-thooe
I don’t dislike you.

Example 2

Question:
ไอศครีมร้านนี้ไม่อร่อยเหรอ
Ai-sà-khriim-ráan-níi-mâi-à-hràauy-rǎaw
Does ice cream at this shop not taste good?

Answer:
ไอศครีมร้านนี้ ไม่ใช่ไม่อร่อย แต่แพงเกินไป
ai-sà-khriim-ráan-níi mâi-châi-mâi-à-ràauy-dtàae-phaaeng-gooen-bpai
The ice cream at this shop is good but too expensive.

This Ice Cream Is Delicious but Too Expensive.

Additional note:
Thai people often use double negation when answering questions. You can use both ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi) and ไม่ใช่ (mâi-châi), as there’s no difference in meaning between the two words.

2. Other Words of Negation in Thai

Of course, there might be situations where you want to give a stronger (or more colorful) negative response. Following are several words and phrases you can use to add flavor to your speech and sound more like a native speaker. 

1 – ไม่มีทาง

Pronunciation:
mâi-mii-thaang

Literal translation:
No way

Explanation:
This phrase is used exactly like “no way” is in English. It’s used to express that you strongly disagree with an offer.

Example 1:
ไม่มีทางที่ฉันจะให้เธอยืมเงิน
mâi-mii-thaang-thîi-chǎn-jà-hâi-thooe-yuuem-ngoen
There is no way that I will let you borrow my money.

Example 2:
ไม่มีทางที่ปราณแต่งงานกับอรณี เขาไม่ชอบเธอ
Mâi-mii-thaang-thîi-bpraan-jà-dtàaeng-ngaan-gàp-aawn-rá-nii khǎo-mâi-châawp-thooe
There is no way that Pran will marry Onranee. He doesn’t like her.

2 – หัวเด็ดตีนขาดก็ไม่…

Pronunciation:
hǔa-dèt-dtiin-khàat-gâaw-mâi-…(verb)

Literal translation:
Even my head and leg are cut, still no.

Explanation:
This phrase is stronger than the one above. It means that even if someone tries to force you into agreement by threatening to cut off your leg or head, you’ll still say no.

Example 1:
หัวเด็ดตีนขาดก็ไม่ไป
hǔa-dèt-dtiin-khàat-gâaw-mâi-bpai
I WON’T GO.

Example 2:
ข้อเสนอบ้าบออย่างนี้ หัวเด็ดตีนขาดก็ไม่ตกลง
khâaw-sà-nǒoe-bâa-baaw-yàang-níi hǔa-dèt-dtiin-khàat-gâaw-mâi-dtòk-long
I WON’T AGREE with this ridiculous offer.

3 – ฝันเอา / ฝันไปเถอะ

Pronunciation:
fǎn-ao / fǎn-bpai-thòe

Literal translation:
Dream it

Explanation:
This phrase is used much the same way as the English phrase “in your dreams.”

Example 1:
ฝันไปเถอะ ยังไงฉันก็ไม่ตกลง
fǎn-bpai-thòe yang-ngai-chǎn-gâaw-mâi-dtòk-long
You have to dream it. I won’t agree nonetheless.

Example 2:
ใครจะไปซื้อไหว แพงขนาดนั้น ฝันเอาแล้วกัน
khrai-jà-bpai-súue-wǎi phaaeng-khà-nàat-nán fǎn-ao-láaeo-gan
Who will be able to buy that? It is that expensive. You have to dream it.

4 – บ้ง

Pronunciation:
bông

Literal translation:
Worm

Slang translation:
Not good

Explanation:
This is a slang term used among youngsters. It means “not okay.”

Example 1:
เธอใส่ชุดนี้แล้วบ้งมาก ไม่ควรซื้อ
thooe-sài-chút-níi-láaeo-bông-mâak mâi-khuuan-súue
You don’t look good in this dress, so you shouldn’t buy it.

Example 2:
วันนี้ขายของไม่ได้เลย บ้งมาก
wan-níi-khǎai-khǎawng-mâi-dâi-looei bông-mâak
I can’t sell anything today, not good.

5 – มองบน

Pronunciation:
maawng-bon

Literal translation:
Look up

Slang translation:
Not happy with something

Explanation:
This is another slang term used by youngsters. It’s used to imply that one is not happy with something.

Example 1:
เธอได้ยินปัญหาแล้วก็อดมองบนไม่ได้
thooe-dâi-yin-bpan-hǎa-láaeo-gâaw-òt-maawng-bon-mâi-dâi
Once she heard of the problem, she was not happy with it.

Example 2:
ทำไม่ต้องมองบนขนาดนั้น
tham-mai-dtâawng-maawng-bon-khà-nàat-nán
Why are you that unhappy?

6 – เซ็งเป็ด

Pronunciation:
seng-bpèt

Literal translation:
Bore of the duck

Slang translation:
Not in a good mood

Explanation:
This slang term is used to say that you’re not in a good mood or that something has put you in a bad mood.

Example 1:
เห็นงานที่ต้องทำแล้วเซ็งเป็ดเลย
hěn-ngaan-thîi-dtâawng-tham-láaeo-seng-bpèt-looei
I’m not in a good mood now after seeing the work that I have to do.

I’m Not in a Good Mood Now After Seeing the Work that I Have to Do.

Example 2:
อากาศแบบนี้ออกไปข้างนอกไม่ได้ เซ็งเป็ด
aa-gàat-bàaep-níi-àawk-bpai-khâang-nâawk-mâi-dâi seng-bpèt
I can’t go out in this weather. I’m not in a good mood now.

3. Thai People and Negation

Now that you know how to properly use negation in Thai, there are a couple of cultural aspects you should be aware of. 

1 – เกรงใจ

เกรงใจ (greeng-jai) is a trait that many Thai people possess. This word refers to the feeling of not wanting to disturb, inconvenience, or cause problems for another person. Someone who feels เกรงใจ (greeng-jai) will find it hard to say “no” to someone who has asked a favor of them. They may also try to make life as easy as possible for others. 

For example, imagine that a Thai person is visiting their neighbor’s home. If the neighbor asks this person if they would like anything to drink, the person may feel เกรงใจ (greeng-jai). As a result, they might ask for something simple (like plain water or juice) even if they would prefer something else (like a smoothie or cocktail). 

If you were asked a favor by a coworker in the workplace to assist his/her tasks, in the case that you were feeling เกรงใจ (greeng-jai), you might end up agreeing to help that coworker complete their tasks—even if you already had a lot of work to do and needed to stay overtime for that. This is because saying “no” would hurt the feelings of your coworker.

So, when you ask a Thai person to do something, you have to look at their body language as well. If they look reluctant but still say yes, you should know that they are เกรงใจ (greeng-jai) and may not actually be willing to help.

Thai People Can’t Say No

2 – Using Negation to Save Someone’s Feelings

Sometimes, saying things directly can hurt other people’s feelings. To avoid doing so, Thai people use negation in order to convey the same message in a more indirect manner.  

Example 1: เตี้ย

Saying that someone is short can hurt that person’s feelings. Instead, you could use “not tall” instead of “short.”

  • เขาเตี้ย
  • khǎo-dtîia
  • He is short.
  • เขาตัวไม่สูง
  • khǎo-mâi-sǔung
  • He is not tall.

Example 2: ถูก

Since quality and price are often related, some Thai people feel that saying that something is cheap is like looking down on its quality. So instead of using “cheap,” you could use “not expensive.”

  • อาหารร้านนี้ถูกมาก
  • aa-hǎan-ráan-níi-thùuk-mâak
  • The food at this restaurant is very cheap.
  • อาหารร้านนี้ราคาไม่แพง
  • aa-hǎan-ráan-níi-raa-khaa-mâi-phaaeng
  • The food at this restaurant is not expensive.

4. Conclusion

As you can see, Thai negation is relatively simple. The only thing you really need to worry about is how to correctly use the negating words ไม่ (mâi), ไม่ได้ (mâi-dâi), and ไม่ใช่ (mâi-châi). It might take some time, but with enough practice you’ll become familiar with them. 

What are your thoughts on this lesson? Did you find it difficult, or was this pretty easy for you? And how does negation in Thai differ from that in your language? 

We look forward to hearing from you! 

If you would like to continue learning about the Thai language and culture, make sure to explore ThaiPod101.com and create your free lifetime account today. Not sure where to start? How about you try these lessons:

Happy learning!

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10 Reasons Why You Should Learn the Thai Language

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So, you’re thinking about learning a foreign language…but you’re not quite convinced that it’s worth the time and effort. Or maybe you’re aware of the benefits bilingualism can bring, but you’re not sure which language you should pursue. 

If you’re feeling stuck and need that extra push to start working toward your linguistic aspirations, you’ve come to the right place! 

In this article, we’ll give you 10 compelling answers to the question “Why learn Thai?” 

Some of the reasons we list can be applied to any foreign language (career opportunities and personal growth), while others are unique to Thai (familiarity with the Thai culture and better access to the country). 

Let’s dig in!

A Woman Thinking against a White Background

Why should you learn Thai?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Thai Table of Contents
  1. Thailand has a rich culture.
  2. It’s a nice place for retirement.
  3. Learning Thai will increase your work opportunities and career options.
  4. It will also increase your business opportunities.
  5. You’ll have better travel experiences.
  6. You’ll be able to communicate better with loved ones.
  7. Your life in Thailand will be much more convenient.
  8. You’ll have a better chance of wooing a Thai lover.
  9. The grammar is actually pretty easy!
  10. You can learn Thai online, anywhere and anytime.
  11. Conclusion

1. Thailand has a rich culture.

Thailand may be a famous travel destination with natural beauty and an inexpensive cost of living, but many people become interested in something else while visiting: the Thai society and culture. 

Thai food is delicious, the local art is unique and beautiful, and many people like how Thai people live.  

If you like Thailand, this is a great reason why you should learn Thai. The language itself is a part of Thai culture, and knowing at least the basics will enable you to understand the culture and society better.

2. It’s a nice place for retirement.

Thinking about retirement? Here are just a few reasons Thailand is the perfect place to spend your golden years: 

But there’s a hitch: Not all Thai people can speak English.  

Close your eyes and imagine you’re grocery shopping or trying to go somewhere by yourself. You try asking someone for help, but you cannot communicate with anyone because of the language barrier. As a result, you end up spending money on something you don’t want or get lost.

So, if your retirement plan is to live in Thailand, learning the Thai language is essential. If you can communicate, life will be much easier for you!

An Old Man Painting Something

I want to live in Thailand after retirement.

3. Learning Thai will increase your work opportunities and career options.

Another compelling reason why you should learn Thai is that it will benefit your work life—especially if you plan to work abroad or with an international company! 

First of all, it will make communication with your coworkers so much easier. Most of the Thai people you’ll work with may not be able to communicate in English well, so knowing their language will allow for smoother operations in the workplace.

Second, learning the Thai language will help you understand the Thai culture and how Thai people think. When working abroad, cultural differences in the workplace often cause problems. Knowing the Thai language can help you see your coworkers’ point of view and reduce the number of issues resulting from cultural differences. 

Third, better communication can improve the quality of work and even lead to a promotion!

Finally, learning a foreign language broadens your career options. Thailand is quite open to foreign workers, and knowing Thai will give you more career opportunities in this beautiful country. 

4. It will also increase your business opportunities.

As mentioned earlier, learning the language will help you understand Thai people better—and this is the key to doing good business here! 

Your cultural knowledge, combined with the insight you gain through conversations with others, will make you a more appealing individual with whom to do business. And believe us, there are tons of business opportunities here! For example, you could…

  • …invest in interesting projects that have a chance to be successful but have no funding.  
  • …invent products and services for Thai people.  
  • …find markets for Thai exported products.
  • …own and operate a big business in Thailand.
A Man Shaking Hands with a Woman During a Business-related Meeting

Because I know Thai, I am able to make great business deals.

5. You’ll have better travel experiences.

When you travel, it’s always better to know the language of the country you’re visiting. Before we get ahead of ourselves, though…what makes Thailand such a fantastic travel destination? 

  • Thailand is full of natural beauty.
  • The country has a unique art scene. 
  • The food here is to die for! 
  • Believe it or not, traveling in Thailand is fairly inexpensive. 

Future plans to visit this stunning country is a great reason to learn Thai, and here’s why: 

First of all, there will be less chance of you getting lost—and even if you did get really lost, you could ask locals for directions. On a side note: Don’t be afraid to ask locals for help! Even if your Thai isn’t up to par yet, most locals will be more than willing to help you out. 

Second, you’ll be able to experience living like a local. Some tourists worry about the language barrier; they typically feel more comfortable going to restaurants with menus in English or places with English-speaking staff. However, if you know the Thai language, you won’t have to worry about that at all. You’ll be able to visit the restaurants and places most popular among locals.

Third, you can bargain and ask for discounts when shopping. Anyone who loves shopping also loves a good discount. And let us tell you, if you go to a Thai market and can talk the talk, most sellers will often give you a small discount or giveaway.  

6. You’ll be able to communicate better with loved ones.

Speaking in English with Thai people—even if they know the language well—is not the same as using their native tongue. 

If you have family members, a partner, or friends who are Thai, communicating with them in their mother tongue can strengthen your bonds with them. Taking the time and putting in the effort to learn their language will show them you care and really want to maintain a good relationship.

Moreover, your loved one will be more than happy to help you practice your Thai once you make the commitment—it’s a win-win situation!

Two Thai Women Sitting on a Sofa and Talking

I can talk to my Thai friend in Thai.

7. Your life in Thailand will be much more convenient. 

Do you plan to live or work in Thailand? Or maybe you want to visit often? These are good reasons why you should learn Thai! 

We’ve touched on this a little bit in our previous points, but to recap, you’ll be able to…

  • …visit a greater variety of restaurants, shops, and less-touristic locations with ease! 
  • …read signs and understand announcements. 
  • …communicate with Thai people who do not speak English well (juristic office staff, mechanics, etc.). 

8. You’ll have a better chance of wooing a Thai lover. 

Communication is key in any romantic relationship. When you live together with someone, you want to talk to one another and share your thoughts. 

If you’ve recently found yourself swooning over a potential Thai lover, you should consider making the effort to learn their native tongue. After all, Google Translate isn’t really a practical way to share your innermost feelings with someone. 

Do you already have a Thai partner? Then learning their mother tongue will show them that you’re willing to go the extra mile! 

9. The grammar is actually pretty easy! 

While deciding whether to learn a foreign language or not, one usually takes into consideration how difficult that language is. If a given language is particularly difficult or has complex grammar rules, you might opt to study a different one. 

Fortunately for you, Thai grammar is very easy! Here’s why:

  • There is no grammatical gender.
  • There is no verb conjugation.  
  • Most of the sentence structures are quite simple and similar to those in English.  

For more useful information on the topic, visit our lesson on Thai Grammar or read our article Is Thai Difficult to Learn? (And Tips to Succeed!).

10. You can learn Thai online, anywhere and anytime.

Still wondering why to learn Thai? 

Well, studying foreign languages is so much easier today than in times past. 

With the internet, you can learn Thai at your own pace from anywhere in the world. If you’re wondering where to learn Thai online, look no further than ThaiPod101.com! While there are a few different resources available, we can offer the best results! 

Our professional language learning platform has become one of the best ways to learn Thai. We create lessons and materials designed to speed up your learning progress, and we even design curated pathways for learners at different levels. When you create your account with ThaiPod101, you get all of this in addition to support from Thai teachers and practical tips on how to learn Thai effectively.

A Woman Doing Something on Her Tablet

It’s so convenient to learn Thai online at ThaiPod101.com.

11. Conclusion

As you can see, there are many good reasons for you to learn Thai.  

After reading this article, what are your thoughts on learning the language? Are you any closer to making a decision? 

If you would like to sample what to expect from the Thai language (and from our learning platform), we recommend checking out these fun lessons on ThaiPod101.com: 

Happy learning!

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