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Archive for the 'Thai Holidays' Category

A Brief Thai Culture Overview


If you’ve ever been to Thailand, you may have found yourself quickly becoming enthralled with the Thai culture. The culture of Thailand features some very distinct qualities that set it apart from Western culture. From the warm, friendly, and open smiles of its people to the national religion of Buddhism, Thailand will inspire any visitor to learn more about the Thai culture, people, and language. 

Before we dive in, how about a quick fun fact? There is a special Thai greeting called ไหว้ (wâi) that you won’t find in other cultures. To perform wai, hold your hands together and bring them up to just under your chin. Once your hands are in position, give a slight nod. Wai is the Thai equivalent of saying hello, goodbye, or any other greeting. 

Of course, there is much more to Thai culture that you should know. On this page, we’ll give you all the information you need to avoid Thai culture shock and learn more about Thai culture and traditions.

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  1. Values and Beliefs
  2. Philosophies and Religions
  3. Family and Work
  4. Art
  5. Food
  6. Traditional Holidays
  7. Conclusion

1. Values and Beliefs

A Thai Woman Performing a Traditional Dance

Let’s learn more about Thai culture and traditions.

To understand the behaviors and worldviews of Thai people, you need to be aware of the traditional Thai values and beliefs. There are two in particular that play a huge role in our daily lives. 

A- Social Hierarchy

Although Thailand has not been governed by an absolute monarchy for over a hundred years now, there is still a social hierarchy in the country. Thai people pay more respect to certain groups of people, such as the royal family and monks. Also, Thai people are taught to respect those who are older than themselves as well as their benefactors (parents, teachers, etc.). So don’t be surprised when you see the degree of respect shown in our interactions with elders and parents! 

B- Collectivism 

Thailand is often called “the land of smiles” because Thai people always seem to have a smile on their face. While it’s true that Thai people are friendly, visitors will be surprised to find out that a smile does not always equate to happiness. Different smiles can mean anything from pleasure to anger, and most of the time you won’t be aware of any negativity. This is because Thai culture values avoiding conflict and “saving face.” 

The reason behind this is that Thailand is a collectivist society. If you’re in Thailand long enough, you may start to notice that Thai people tend to go along with others when doing group activities. This is because Thai people want to be like others and remain as part of the group. As a result, they don’t dare to voice their opinions in front of others and prefer to compromise instead of really solving problems.    

2. Philosophies and Religions

In addition to smiles, Thailand is well-known for the Buddhist statues found all over the country. Buddhism is the national religion and over ninety percent of Thai people practice it. It’s common to see Buddhist monks in traditional robes walking just about everywhere you go. 

If you truly want to learn Thai, getting acquainted with the basics of Buddhism is not a bad idea. Of course, you don’t have to convert to Buddhism to master the language, but a good knowledge of the religion will go a long way toward understanding the country.

Someone Giving a Buddhist Monk Food Donations

Buddhism is the dominant religion in Thailand.

As you can guess, most Thai philosophies are influenced by Buddhism in one way or another. However, modern Thai culture is one of diversity. As Thai people are quite open-minded, they are also influenced by other religions and beliefs to some extent.  

Because there are many Thai-Chinese in Thai society, there are many practices influenced by Taoism and Confucianism. One example of this is the Vegetarian Festival, which is celebrated during October each year. This popular food festival is mainly celebrated by the Thai-Chinese, though the rest of the population also gets in on the action. Another Thai-Chinese custom is เชงเม้ง (cheeng-méng), when they pay respect to deceased ancestors. 

3. Family and Work

Family and work are integral aspects of society, no matter where you are in the world. In this section, we’ll discuss the essential features of Thai workplace culture and the Thai family. 

A- Family

The Thai culture is very family-oriented. In the past, it was common for Thai people to have large families.  Grandparents got to see their grandchildren, nieces, and nephews on a daily basis, as family members all lived in the same area.

Of course, things have changed over time. While you may see this type of big family in the countryside, it’s not very common in urban areas. Still, Thai families share a strong bond. Despite not living in the same area, family members often meet with each other or communicate via other means. This Thai value has played a large role in shaping the modern Thai society. The importance of family in Thai culture is also reflected in the various Thai words used for family members.

The concept of ความกตัญญู (khwaam-gà-than-yuu), or “gratitude,” is another thing that reflects Thailand’s family-oriented society. Because our parents raised us, it’s very important to take care of them when we grow up. Thus, Thai people won’t send their elderly parents to care centers unless they’re really sick. Doing so would mean that they don’t care for them.

Now let’s discuss a final point about family: marriage. In the past, men could have many wives but nowadays Thai people only practice monogamy. Despite this step forward, there are still some cultural elements that reflect gender inequality. For example, Thai women are pressured to get married earlier than men. While it’s fine for a man to be single in his thirties, this is not the case for women. On the other hand, a man has to pay a ‘bride price’ to a woman’s parents in order to marry her.

B- Work

Thai people are chill by nature and love to have fun. To some extent, this characteristic is reflected in the business world as well. If you ever decide to work in Thailand, you’ll find that Thai people aren’t very punctual in their work. Also, the work atmosphere tends to be less stressful than those in other countries.

Most Thai people work solely to make a living, not to do things they love or are passionate about. The Patronage system, which was a prominent feature in how Thailand was once governed, also plays a role in our work environment.

4. Art

Several aspects of the Thai culture and heritage feature heavily in our artwork, with many of our most popular paintings and sculptures having roots in Buddhism. For example, you can find various paintings of Buddhist stories in the temples and Buddha statues are viewed as an artform as well as a religious symbol. 

Thailand is also home to several impressive architectural feats, most notably our temples. In the past, temples were not only places for practicing religion, but they also served as the royal family’s palace. Because the temples in Thailand reflect this aspect of history, their extreme beauty should come as no surprise.

A Temple in Bangkok, Thailand

Beautiful Thai architecture

Earthenware is another outstanding Thai artform. While temples are related to religion, this type of art is more ordinary in nature. A famous type of earthenware is called “celadon ware,” or เครื่องสังคโลก (khrûueng-sǎng-khá-lôok). It originated in Sukhothai province during the Sukhothai Era.

As for literature, Thailand is known for its poetry. There are various types of poems written in the Thai language, many of which focus on storytelling. These poetic ‘stories’ are diverse, covering a range of genres from religion and fantasy to love and food.

Thailand boasts a range of musical instruments and styles. In Thai culture, music is a huge part of daily life and is also incorporated into special events. For example, Thai people like to sing a song called เพลงรำวงเกี่ยวข้าว (phleeng-ram-wong-gìiao-khâao), or “Harvest Song,” during the harvest. This is also a great example of their fun-loving nature, as they love to sing and dance even during work.

5. Food

Nowadays, Thailand is well-known for two things: its beautiful travel destinations and its delicious cuisine. Indeed, Thai food and culture go hand in hand. There’s even a special Thai phrase that ties into this topic:

  • ในน้ำมีปลา ในนามีข้าว” (nai-nám-mii-bplaa nai-naa-mii-khâao)

Literally meaning, “There are fish in the water and rice in the rice field,” this saying has been used since the Sukhothai Era to describe Thailand’s natural richness. From the past until now, Thailand has never lacked food. If you visit Thailand, you’ll be able to find food 24/7.  

Thai cuisine is known for its use of herbs and deep flavors, as well as its beautiful and colorful presentations. As mentioned earlier, Thai people are quite open-minded. This means you’ll find many Thai food items that have been influenced by foreign cuisines. For example, Thai sweets that use egg as an ingredient are the result of Portuguese influence.

Orange Curry, a Popular Thai Dish

Thai food is tasty and full of herbs.

6. Traditional Holidays

When it comes to traditional Thai holidays, there are two that stand out from the rest: วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan) and วันลอยกระทง (wan-laauy-grà-thong). 

A- วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan)

วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan), or the Thai New Year, takes place from April 13 to April 15 each year. During this holiday, Thai people go back to their hometown to visit their parents or travel with family

Popular วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan) activities include visiting temples to make merit and building pagodas made of sand and flowers. Thai people also รดน้ำดำหัวผู้ใหญ่ (rót-nám-dam-hǔua-phûu-yài), which is an activity to show one’s gratitude, ask for forgiveness, and get a blessing from one’s parents or grandparents. 

These activities clearly reflect the family-oriented society of Thailand.

Thai Water Sprinkling for Songkran Festival

รดน้ำดำหัวผู้ใหญ่ [rót-nám-dam-hǔua-phûu-yài]

In addition to the activities above, Thai people also play with water during this period. This is because วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan) is not only the solar new year, but also the hottest time of the year. Family gatherings and water games make วันสงกรานต์ (wan-sǒng-graan) a colorful holiday that foreigners and natives alike look forward to.

B- วันลอยกระทง (wan-laauy-grà-thong)

The history of วันลอยกระทง (wan-laauy-grà-thong) dates back to the Sukhothai Era. On this day, Thai people engage in certain activities to ask forgiveness from พระแม่คงคา (phrá-mâae-khong-khaa), the goddess of rivers. Thai people make กระทง (grà-thong), or “lotus-shaped boats,” from banana tree leaves and flowers and float them down the river.  

Nowadays, วันลอยกระทง (wan-laauy-grà-thong) is one of the most popular holidays in Thailand. There are many activities you can do on this day: observe the beautiful scenery at night, see women dressed in traditional Thai clothing, experience the beauty of Thai dancing, and much more.

Lotus-shaped Boats with Candles Floating Down the River for Loy Krathong

Let’s ลอยกระทง [laauy-grà-thong].

7. Conclusion

Learning about Thai culture and society is a good way to complement your language studies. In doing so, you’ll gain a deep appreciation for the language, and may even be inspired to take your studies further. 

If you’re looking for a language course, our Thai podcast lessons and other learning materials may be just what you need. At, we understand that busy individuals may find it hard to fit study time into their hectic schedules. That’s why we offer additional tools—such as themed vocabulary lists and a Thai-English dictionary—to help you learn Thai more quickly. In addition, you’ll find a number of articles related to Thai culture topics such as traditional clothing, history, and food. In short, we make learning Thai easy and fun!

Actually, the language itself is a great representation of Thai culture and values. In each of our lessons, we combine grammar and vocabulary points with practical cultural information. To get a taste of our teaching approach, create your free lifetime account today and check out our lessons for yourself. Our content will prepare you both linguistically and culturally for a range of daily situations, from talking about your pets or discussing your hobbies to planning a date

Before you go, let us know in the comments how Thai culture compares to that in your country. We look forward to hearing from you!

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Appreciating Our Mentors: Teachers’ Day in Thailand

Teachers are valued in every country around the world, but few nations show teachers their due respect like Thailand does. This is reflected in Thai Teachers’ Day, celebrated each year to encourage the humility of students before their teachers. 

In this article, you’ll learn all about Teachers’ Day in Thailand, from its recent beginnings to how it’s celebrated. Let’s get started!

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1. What is Teachers’ Day?

A Teacher Standing in Front of a Blackboard

National Teachers’ Day is a Thai holiday celebrated each year on January 16. On this day, students go out of their way to show their teachers ความเคารพ (khwaam khao-róp), or “respect.” 

It was General Phiboonsongkram who first suggested the creation of Teachers’ Day in Thailand. He spoke on the topic with teachers, the mass media got involved in promoting the holiday’s implementation, and the National Cabinet made it an official holiday in 1956. The first celebration took place the next year in 1957. 

This holiday is rooted in the belief that teachers are some of the most valuable contributors to society, and as such, deserve to be recognized and appreciated for their devotion. This extends not only to school teachers, but to teachers in any field of life. 

Thai people often associate the profession of teaching with that of the taxi-boat profession. The taxi-boat service was once a crucial element of Thai society because Thai people traveled largely by river in the past. Just as a taxi-boat driver takes passengers to their destination and goes back for more passengers, so do teachers bring students to their destinations and continue to do so for students over the years. Teachers are seen as a path to the future. 

2. Teachers’ Day Traditions and Celebrations

A Student Giving Her Teacher Gift

In Thailand, Teachers’ Day celebrations begin the day before. 

Every โรงเรียน (roong-riian), or “school,” in the nation hosts special events honoring teachers. The first activity is for teachers and students to make merit by offering food to the monks. Afterward, students honor their teachers by bringing them a พานไหว้ครู (phaan wâai khruu), or “flower tray with candles and incense,” and bowing at their feet. In addition, there are competitions to see which student can create the best Teachers’ Day slogan; the winner receives a small scholarship. 

In some high schools, students may give speeches on this day to reflect on the influence of teachers in their lives. Teachers themselves are encouraged to think back on their own teachers. 

Teachers’ Day celebrations in Thailand involve a lot of symbolism. There are four symbols that are particularly important: 

  • ดอกเข็ม (dàawk khĕm), or “Ixora,” flowers.

    Ixora flowers have sharp petals, which represent a sharp mind.
  • Eggplant flowers.

    Eggplant flowers grow downward, which represents the humility of students toward their teachers and their willingness to เรียน (riian), or “study.”
  • Cynodon grass.

    Cynodon grass grows easily, which represents the growth of students’ knowledge.
  • Tok rice.

    Tok rice is a white rice that has been roasted and popped, representing the ability of students to flourish and shine brightly with enough discipline.

Visit our ‘Plants’ Culture Class lesson to learn about five other plants that are common in Thailand.

3. The Wai Kru Ceremony

การศึกษา (gaan sùek-sǎa), or “education,” is taken very seriously in Thailand, as is the art of teaching. So it should come as no surprise that there is another special day for teachers in Thailand: Wai Kru, or Teacher Appreciation Day. This ceremony takes place near the beginning of the Thai school year (normally mid-May), and involves students showing respect and humility toward their new teachers. 

The most important activities for this day include saying a Buddhist prayer, reciting a chant, offering gifts to teachers, and engaging in special performances. Sometimes, the head teacher of a school will give a speech and present awards to certain students. 

Wai Kru in Thailand is also performed outside of the formal education system. For example, it is popular in the arts. 

4. Essential Vocabulary for Teachers’ Day in Thailand

Flower Tray with Candles and Incense

Now let’s review some of the words from this article, plus a few more! 

  • สอน (sǎawn) – “teach” [v]
  • โรงเรียน (roong-riian) – “school” [n]
  • การศึกษา (gaan sùek-sǎa) – “education” [n]
  • ครู (khrŭu) – “teacher” [n]
  • นักเรียน (nák-riian) – “student” [n]
  • เรียน (riian) – “study” [v]
  • กตัญญู (gà-dtan-yuu) – “grateful” [adj.]
  • ดอกเข็ม (dàawk khĕm) – “Ixora” [pr. n]
  • เรียนรู้ (riian rúu) – “learn” [v]
  • ความเคารพ (khwaam khao-róp) – “respect” [n]
  • พานไหว้ครู (phaan wâai khruu) – “flower tray with candles and incense” [n]

Remember that you can hear the pronunciation of each word on our Teachers’ Day vocabulary list! 

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about this popular Thai holiday with us, and that you’re feeling inspired to keep studying. Is there a Teachers’ Day celebration in your country? Or maybe a particular teacher you are กตัญญู (gà-dtan-yuu), or “grateful,” to have had in your life? Let us know in the comments! 

To learn even more about Thai culture and holidays, you can read the following blog posts from

And this is only a sample of what we have in store for you! Create your free lifetime account today to gain access to numerous learning resources, themed vocabulary lists, and fun audio and video lessons. We make learning Thai easy and enjoyable, so what are you waiting for? 

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Celebrating the Songkran Festival in Thailand

Songkran Day, otherwise known as the Songkran Festival or Songkran Water Festival, is a unique Thai tradition that takes place in early spring each year. In this article, you’ll learn what the Songkran Festival is all about, how Thai people celebrate this holiday, and more!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Songkran Day?

The Songkran holiday in Thailand is a three-day celebration period. During the Songkran Festival, Thai people are able to get much-needed rest and relaxation from work or school, as well as plenty of play-time! This holiday is also a period of blessings and a time to ทำบุญ (tham-bun), or “make merit.”

The Songkran Festival is a tradition that is not only present in Thailand but also in other Southeast Asian countries such as Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka. It is presumed that this festival was influenced by the Holi festival in India.

2. When is Songkran?

Sprinkling Water

Each year, the Songkran date is from April 13 to April 15.

3. How is the Songkran Festival Celebrated?

Because the Songkran Festival is a long holiday, many Thai people go back to their hometown to visit family and old friends.

There are a number of events and traditions that take place during the Thai Songkran Festival. As mentioned earlier, this is a time to make merit. Many common events during this holiday period include acts of service (like saving animals that are trapped), charity operations, and asking blessings from elders. Many people also เข้าวัด (khâo-wát), or “go to the temple,” and give food to the monks.

During the Songkran Festival, Thailand also hosts a beauty pageant. In the Miss Songkran beauty pageant, Thai women from ages eighteen to twenty-five wear Thai dresses, express their personality, and try to answer important questions. The winner for each province is considered a lady capable of promoting tourism in that province.

Perhaps the tradition you’re most familiar with is that of playing with น้ำ (nám), or water. Throughout Thailand, people will splash or sprinkle each other with water, shoot people with water guns, and also สรงน้ำพระ (sóng-náam-phrá), or “bathe the Buddha statue.” This is because many Thais believe that splashing water onto others will rid them of bad luck and other bad things. In some places, people also rub chalk in each other’s faces.

4. Another Important Holiday

Do you know what other Thai holiday falls on April 13?

Since the reign of King Rama V, April 1 had been designated as the ปีใหม่ไทย (phii-mài-thai), or Thai New Year. Later, in 1940, the date of New Year’s Day was changed to the international day of January 1. However, as Thai people in those days were still used to New Year’s Day being in April, April 13 was designated the first day of the Songkran holiday period, as well as the traditional Thai New Year.

    → Did you know that some people in Thailand also observe the Chinese New Year?

5. Essential Vocabulary for Songkran Day

An Elephant

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Songkran!

  • น้ำ (nám) — “water”
  • ปีใหม่ไทย (phii-mài-thai) — “Thai New Year”
  • คำอวยพร (kham-uuai-phaawn) — “bless”
  • ทำบุญ (tham-bun) — “make merit”
  • รดน้ำดำหัว (rót-náam-dam-húua) — “water sprinkling”
  • ปืนฉีดน้ำ (bpuuen-chìit-náam) — “water gun”
  • น้ำอบ (náam-òp) — “Thai perfume”
  • สรงน้ำพระ (sóng-náam-phrá) — “bathe the Buddha statue”
  • เข้าวัด (khâo-wát) — “go to the temple”
  • สาดน้ำ (sàat-náam) — “throw water”
  • เทศกาลสงกรานต์ (thêet-sà-gaan sǒng-graan) — “Royal Songkran Festival”
  • ขบวนแห่ (khà-buuan-hàae) — “parade”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Thai Songkran Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Songkran Water Festival with us, and that you were able to take away some valuable cultural information.

What did you think about this holiday? Is there a similar celebration in your own country? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

Thailand has such a unique and colorful culture. If you’re interested in learning even more about it, has you covered:

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Trut Chin: The Chinese New Year Festival in Thailand!

The Chinese New Year celebration in Thailand is an important day for the ไทยเชื้อสายจีน (thai-chúuea-săai-jiin), or “Thai-Chinese,” population. Thailand during the Chinese New Year may put one in mind of Christmastime in many Western cultures with all of its colorful festivities, warm family time, and gift-giving.

In this article, you’ll learn all about this traditional holiday, how the Thai-Chinese celebrate it, and more facts about the Thai-Chinese population in Thailand.

At, it’s our aim to ensure that every aspect of your language-learning journey is both fun and informative—starting with this article!

Ready? Let’s get started.

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1. What is the Chinese New Year?

A Thai Chinese Woman

Trut Chin is the traditional Chinese New Year in China and for Chinese communities around the world. It’s the first day of the Chinese lunar month, which is regarded as the beginning of the spring season. Trut Chin was brought into Thailand in the late Ayutthaya Period, and it has been continuously celebrated since then.

Thailand is known for having a large ethnic Chinese population, meaning that there are plenty of Chinese New Year celebrations in the most Chinese-dense cities. However, Thailand doesn’t recognize the Chinese New Year as a public holiday.

The Chinese New Year celebration in Thailand is divided into three days, each with a specific agenda. The main focus of this holiday is to get rid of bad luck and invite good luck into the New Year. There’s also an emphasis on respecting one’s elders and ancestors.

2. Dates for the Chinese New Year Festival in Thailand

Chinese Astrology Cycle with Chinese Zodiacs

Because the date of Chinese Lunar New Year’s Day in Thailand is based on the lunar calendar, the date of this holiday varies from year to year on the Gregorian calendar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: January 25
  • 2021: February 12
  • 2022: February 1
  • 2023: January 22
  • 2024: February 10
  • 2025: January 29
  • 2026: February 17
  • 2027: February 6
  • 2028: January 26
  • 2029: February 13

Do you know what the twelve Chinese zodiac signs are? Check out this list to learn how to say them in Thai!

3. Traditions & Celebrations for Chinese New Year

To celebrate Chinese New Year, Thailand divides the holiday into three different days. About one week before the Chinese New Year, Chinese-Thai people take the opportunity to clean up their houses. They believe that this act will help drive away bad spirits from households in order to start the New Year with goodness and purity. Doors and windows are decorated with red ornaments and red paper with characters written on them representing Longevity, Wealth, and Prosperous Life.

Pay Day, Worship Day & Travel Day

The first day of Chinese New Year’s celebrations is called “Pay Day.” Two days prior to Chinese New Year is when Chinese-Thai people go out to buy fresh food, snacks, and fruits to prepare for the holiday. Over this period, the Yaowarat market, where most Chinese-Thai people in Thailand live, is busy all day long. Moreover, Chinese companies in Thailand take this opportunity to give “red envelopes,” or แต๊ะเอีย (dtáe-iia), to their employees on this day.

On the second day (Worship Day) of the Chinese New Year festival, Thailand celebrates what is considered the last day of the year by Chinese people. On this day, Chinese-Thais wake up early to cook food, or อาหาร (aa-hăan). When they finish, they bring this food, along with other snacks and fruits, to worship ancestors and deities. In Thailand, Chinese New Year food often includes ขนมเข่ง (khà-nǒm-khèng), or “nian gao,” which is also called Chinese New Year’s cake.

Afterward, they will burn silver and gold paper, or กระดาษ (grà-dàat), in order to wish for a windfall and greater fortune, leading to a peaceful life. In the end, they light ประทัด (bprà-thát), or “firecrackers,” to drive away bad luck.

The third day is called “Travel Day,” which is also Chinese New Year’s Day. On this day, Chinese-Thai people dress beautifully in red, or สีแดง (sǐi-daaeng) and visit relatives to pay their respects. Another tradition on this day is to give a “red envelope” or New Year money to children as a symbol of good fortune and advancement in their career.

Chinese New Year in Bangkok, Thailand

While there are several places celebrating Trut Chin around Thailand, the Chinese New Year in Bangkok, Thailand, has one of the largest celebrations. Here, the Chinese and the Thais of Chinese descent celebrate it on Yaowarat Road, which is the largest Chinese community in Thailand.

Each year for the Chinese New Year celebration, Thailand closes this road and decorates it with thousands of red lanterns. There are many performances from China and traditional Chinese performances. There are also celebrations with firecrackers, the การเชิดสิงโต (gaan-chôoet-síng-dtoo), or “Lion Dance,” the Dragon Dance, and acrobats. Shops and restaurants are opened for the public. It’s a very interesting festival, indeed.

4. Ethnic Chinese Population in Thailand

Lion Dance for Chinese New Year

Do you know how many Thai Chinese people there are in Thailand?

In 2012, it was estimated that around 9.4 million ethnic Chinese in Thailand, which is around fourteen percent of the total population. Thailand is the country to which the most Chinese people have immigrated, and these people usually live together in groups in major cities.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for the Thai Lunar New Year

Ready to review some of the Thai vocabulary words we covered in this article? Here are the essential vocabulary words you should know for the Chinese New Year in Thailand!

  • วันตรุษจีน (wan-dtrùt-jiin) — “Lunar New Year”
  • อั่งเปา (àng-bpao) — “red envelope”
  • ทอง (thaawng) — “gold”
  • ดวงจีน (duuang-jiin) — “Chinese astrology
  • เยาวราช (yao-wá-râat) — “Chinatown”
  • บรรพบุรุษ (ban-phá-bù-rùt) — “ancestor”
  • ประทัด (bprà-thát) — “firecracker”
  • ไทยเชื้อสายจีน (thai-chúuea-săai-jiin) — “Thai-Chinese”
  • สวดมนต์ (sùuat-mon) — “pray”
  • ขนมเข่ง (khà-nǒm-khèng) — “nian gao”
  • การเชิดสิงโต (gaan-chôoet-síng-dtoo) — “Lion Dance”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Thai Lunar New Year vocabulary list! For more vocabulary-learning fun, watch the video below:

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Chinese New Year holiday in Thailand with us and gained some new insight into Thai culture. How do you celebrate the New Year in your country? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re interested in learning more about the unique Thai culture and language, you may find the following pages useful:

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Wan-rát-thà-tham-má-nuun: Celebrating Thai Constitution Day

In 1932, Thailand’s Constitution was created and signed into effect during a time of great change in the country. In this article, you’ll learn about what role King Prajadhipok (King Rama VII) played in its creation, an interesting law you’ll find within the Constitution, and how Thai people celebrate Thai Constitution Day.

At, we hope to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative. What better way than by delving into the roots of modern-day Thailand?

Are you ready? Let’s get started!

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1. What is Constitution Day?

In Thailand, Constitution Day is the day that commemorates the promulgation of the first permanent Constitution of Thailand in 1932. The Constitution was signed by King Rama VII, who acknowledged the change from absolute monarchy to a democratic form of government with the King as Head of State under the Constitution.

Judge Holding Gavel

1- History of Thailand’s Constitution

Thailand’s Constitution originated from a political transition in 1932. The transition was a result of the First World War, which caused worldwide economic depression and also affected Thailand.

As a result, the government had to depose some government officials and legislate new laws to collect taxes, including property tax and land tax, from citizens. As this caused discontent among military officers and the general public, King Rama VII decided to promulgate a Constitution to be used as a basis for the laws in Thailand.

Consequently, on Constitution Day each year, people will make merit for King Rama VII.

2- An Interesting Law

Today, we’re going to introduce an interesting Thai law in accordance with the current Constitution.

One such law is that Thai citizens who are eighteen years or older are responsible for exercising their right to vote for their representatives in the political system.

Not voting without proper reasons may deprive the person of certain rights, depending on the law on each case. If the person hasn’t exercised their right to vote many times over, he or she may lose their right to apply as a candidate for membership in the House of Representatives election or the Senator election.

In other words, the person may lose the right to become Thailand’s Prime Minister, as a Prime Minister has to have been a previous member of the House of Representatives.

2. When is Thailand’s Constitution Day?

Thai Flag

Each year, people celebrate this public holiday in Thailand on December 10.

3. Constitution Day in Thailand: Traditions & Events

Before Constitution Day, educational institutions often hold an exhibition about the origin of the day as well as the content of the current Constitution.

Representatives from government agencies and private companies, school students, university students, and the general public will gather in front of the statue of King Rama VII and place a wreath to pay homage to the King, who changed the political system of the country. He brought about democracy in Thailand, giving more rights to citizens to take part in politics.

As Constitution Day is a public holiday, the government holds a “Thai Kids Love the Parliament” activity in which youth representatives have a chance to interview and exchange knowledge about the Constitution directly with law experts. This allows Thai youth and the general public to gain a correct understanding of the Thai Constitution. The Prime Minister is the leader of the opening ceremony.

4. How Many Thai Constitutions?

People Celebrating

To date, how many Constitutions of Thailand have there been?

The answer: There have been eighteen Constitutions of Thailand!

The current Constitution is the 2007 Constitution of Thailand. This is the first Constitution that, after the draft was completed and approved by the National Legislative Assembly, was shown to the general public and approved through a referendum. As the majority of people agreed with the Constitution, it was declared to be in effect and has been in use until now.

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Constitution Day in Thailand

People Making Plans

Here’s some Thai vocabulary for you to memorize before Constitution Day!

  • สนับสนุน (sà-nap-sà-nǔn) — “support”
  • ประชาชน (bprà-chaa-chon) — “people”
  • เปลี่ยนแปลง (bplìian-bplaaeng) — “change”
  • รัฐศาสตร์ (rát-thà-sàat) — “politics”
  • วันรัฐธรรมนูญ (wan-rát-thà-tham-má-nuun) — “Constitution Day”
  • การปกครอง (gaan-bpòk-khraawng) — “administration”
  • อำนาจ (am-nâat) — “authority”
  • กฎหมาย (gòt-măai) — “law”
  • รัฐบาล (rát-thà-baan) — “government”
  • ประชาธิปไตย (bprà-chaa-thíp-bpà-dtai) — “democracy”
  • ภาษี (paa-sǐi) — “tax”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to visit our Thai Constitution Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

What are your thoughts on Thai Constitution Day? Does your country have a Constitution as well, and if so, do you have a day of commemoration for it? Let us know in the comments!

Learning about a country’s culture and history is an exciting and enriching aspect of trying to master its language. If you’re interested in learning more about Thailand and her people, you may find the following pages on useful:

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How to Celebrate Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand

King Chulalongkorn is a much-loved and respected figure in Thailand, so each year, Thai people celebrate Chulalongkorn Day. In this article, you’ll learn why this king is held in such high regard, all the good he did for Thailand, and how the country goes about remembering King Chulalongkorn.

At, we hope to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative!

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1. What is Chulalongkorn Day?

On Chulalongkorn Day, Thailand remembers and honors King Rama V, also known as King Chulalongkorn. This king is one of the most beloved and respected figures in the history of Thailand, known for his great favors to the country.

King Chulalongkorn & His Accomplishments for Thailand

Chulalongkorn the Great ruled the country of Siam, now Thailand, for forty-two years during his life, from 1853 until 1910. He became king at the age of fifteen, so a regent helped him rule during the early years of his reign.

One of King Chulalongkorn’s greatest feats for Thailand was the abolition of slavery. At the time, a slavery crisis plagued the country, where one generation of slaves would simply give birth to yet another. The only way to become free once a slave was to pay your way out. King Chulalongkorn abolished slavery in hopes to give everyone equal rights, and to avoid a Civil War-like situation, such as the one experienced in the United States. It’s worth mentioning that a European tutor by the name of Anna Leonowens greatly influenced him while teaching him about Western culture.

This influence further led King Chulalongkorn to start implementing bits and pieces of Western culture into Thailand’s own system. Two famous examples are a privy council and the Royal Military Academy.

All of this is only the tip of the iceberg. King Chulalongkorn did so much good for the country, it’s no wonder that on Chulalongkorn Memorial Day, Thailand honors and celebrates their “beloved king.”

2. King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day Date

Chulalongkorn Day Statue

Each year, Thailand celebrates Chulalongkorn Day on October 23. This is the date on which he passed away.

3. Chulalongkorn Day Observances & Traditions

People Traveling

Remembering King Chulalongkorn is the focus of this holiday. On Chulalongkorn Memorial Day, Bangkok, along with the rest of Thailand, holds various observances to remember the king.

After the king passed away, civil servants, merchants, the rich, and the general public were all grateful of his grace. Therefore, they donated money to build a statue to represent the king. The statue was built as if the king was riding a horse, hence being called the “Equestrian Statue.”

On King Chulalongkorn Day each year, people will bring flowers to pay respect and pay homage to the king, to remind themselves of his grace, as well as offer food to monks while devoting merit to the king. Moreover, there are exhibitions about the king’s stories and activities within several government agencies, schools, and universities to allow younger generations to continue to commemorate his grace.

4. Saving Thailand from Colonization

In the past, many Western countries invaded and colonized Asian countries. During his reign, King Rama V gave up some areas of Thailand in exchange for the compromise of maintaining the country’s independence. In order not to lose more land, he started to establish a relationship with Russia. He also sent his sons to study abroad to build alliances. Since then, Thailand has never lost its land to any countries.

5. Essential Vocabulary for Chulalongkorn Memorial Day

Man Holding Globe in Hand

Here’s the essential vocabulary to know for Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand!

  • การไปรษณีย์ (gaan bprai-sà-nii) — “post office”
  • รถไฟ (rót-fai) — “train”
  • โทรศัพท์ (thoo-rá-sàp) — “telephone”
  • วันปิยมหาราช (wan-bpì-yá-má-hǎa-râat) — “Chulalongkorn Day”
  • รัชกาลที่ 5 (rát-chá-gaan thîi-hâa) — “King Rama V”
  • การเลิกทาส (gaan lôoek-thâat) — “abolitionism”
  • ลัทธิจักรวรรดินิยม (lát-thí jàk-grà-wàt-ní-yom) — “imperialism”
  • เสด็จสวรรคต (sà-dèt sà-wăn-khót) — “die”
  • การปกครอง (gaan-bpòk-khraawng) — “administration”
  • สภากาชาดไทย (sà-phâa-gaa-châat-thai) — “The Thai Red Cross”
  • โทรเลข (thoo-rá-lêek) — “telegraph”
  • ประพาส (bprà-phâas) — “travel”
  • การบริการของรัฐ (gaan baaw-rí-gaan khǎawng rát) — “government service”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, alongside relevant images, check out our Chulalongkorn Day vocabulary list!

How ThaiPod101 Can Help You Learn About Thai Culture

We hope you enjoyed learning about Chulalongkorn Day with us, and that you learned something new. Is there a holiday in your country that celebrates a beloved figure? Tell us about it in the comments; we look forward to hearing from you!

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Thailand Language Day: Celebrating the Thai Language

If we were to ask you, “What language is spoken in Thailand?” you would, of course, answer “Thai!” But did you know Thailand has a day set aside to celebrate the Thai language and encourage its use?

Thailand Language Day is a unique facet of Thai culture, and you’ll see why once you’ve read up on its history. What could make your Thai language-learning more meaningful than discovering its history and significance in Thailand today?

In this article, we’ll be going over some information on the history of modern Thai written language and its journey as the national language of Thailand, as well as celebrations that take place on Thai Language Day (including learning how to make Thai desserts!).

At, we hope to make this learning adventure both fun and informative!

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1. What is National Thai Language Day?

King Rama IX created Thai Language Day to promote and raise awareness among Thai people of the value and importance of the national language, and to help preserve it in Thailand forever.

In the past, the Thai language was adapted from the Cambodian language. But in 1283, King Ramkhamhaeng decided this was not good enough because the Thai language is tonal. He had an initiative to modify Thai characters for easier writing and to add high and low tone symbols to match with pronunciation in the language. These new characters are adapted from Balinese and Sanskrit languages and have contributed immensely toward the success of the Thai language.

Note that Thai is a language that incorporates new slang from time to time. Currently, there’s popular slang such as “The Vance Kids” which refers to teenagers who like to race motorcycles at night. This term is derived from the sound a motorcycle makes when accelerating.

2. When is Thai Language Day?

Many Hoisted Flags

Each year, Thailand celebrates its national language day on July 29.

3. Reading Practice: National Thai Language Day Celebrations

People Holding Speech Bubbles

Do you know how Thailand celebrates its language day? Read the Thai text below to find out, and check your reading skills against the English translation directly below it.

เนื่องในวันภาษาไทยแห่งชาติ เพื่อเป็นการอนุรักษ์ภาษาไทยและให้เยาวชนสามารถใช้ภาษาไทยได้อย่างถูกต้อง กิจกรรมยอดนิยมตามสถานศึกษาคือ การจัดประกวดการเขียนเรียงความพร้อมกับการอ่านออกเสียง เพื่อชิงทุนการศึกษา เพื่อเป็นการกระตุ้นให้เยาวชนหันมาใช้รูปประโยคที่ถูกต้อง รวมไปถึงการอ่านออกเสียงที่ถูกต้อง โดยเฉพาะการออกเสียง ร และเสียงควบกล้ำ

ไม่เพียงแต่การใช้ภาษาไทยเท่านั้น ตามหน่วยราชการต่างๆก็จะอนุญาตให้ข้าราชการสามารถแต่งกายชุดไทยมาทำงานได้ มีการจัดกิจกรรมเพื่ออนุรักษ์วัฒนธรรมไทยขึ้นในหลายรูปแบบ ทั้งการสาธิตการทำขนมไทยโบราณ การร่วมกิจกรรมการละเล่นพื้นบ้าน รวมไปถึงการแสดงนาฏศิลป์ไทย

On National Thai Language Day, to preserve the usage of Thai language and promote proper usage to young people, popular activities held in educational institutes include competitions on essay writing and oral reading competitions to win the scholarships. This is to encourage young people to use the correct forms of sentences and correct pronunciation, especially on the ‘r’ sound and diphthongs.

Today, not only the usage of Thai language is encouraged, but some government officials are also allowed to wear Thai costumes to work. There are also activities to preserve Thai culture, such as an ancient dessert cooking demonstration, Thai folk plays, and Thai dance shows.

4. Composition of the Thai Alphabet

Do you know the composition of the Thai alphabet?

There are forty-four letters, twenty-one vowels, and four consonants. Thai characters are arranged from left to right, with vowels placed in front, above, below, and at the back. Each word is formed by mixing letters like in English, but there are symbols to control the tone of each word in Thai.

You can learn more about the Thai alphabet and how it works by reading some of our relevant content.

5. Useful Vocabulary for National Thai Language Day

Thai Alphabet

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for National Thai Language Day!

  • ภาษา (phaa-sǎa) — “language”
  • คำ (kham) — “word”
  • ตัวอักษร (dtuua àk-sǎawn) — “alphabet”
  • ภาษาราชการ (phaa-săa râat-chá-gaan) — “official language”
  • เสียงสูงต่ำ (sĭiang sǔung dtàm) — “intonation”
  • พยัญชนะ (phá-yan-chá-ná) — “consonant”
  • สระ (sà-rà) — “vowel”
  • วรรณยุกต์ (wan-ná-yúk) — “intonation marks”
  • คำศัพท์ (kham sàp) — “vocabulary”
  • ภาษาถิ่น (phaa-săa thìn) — “dialect”
  • สำเนียง (săm-niiang) — “accent”

To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our National Thai Language Day vocabulary list!


We hope you enjoyed learning about National Thai Language Day, and that you’re more excited than ever to continue in your Thai studies. At, we provide an array of fun and practical learning tools, including more insightful blog posts like this one and free Thai vocabulary lists. You can also discuss lessons with fellow students or reach out for help on our community forums!

While Thai isn’t an easy language to learn, know that your hard work and determination will pay off. You’ll be speaking, writing, and reading Thai like a native before you know it, and ThaiPod101 will be here with you each step of the way.

Before you go, let us know in the comments if your country has a day to celebrate its national language. We’re curious. 😉

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Royal Ploughing Ceremony in Sanam Luang, Thailand

In Sanam Luang, Thailand, the Thai Royal Ploughing Ceremony takes place each year. When it comes to the Royal Ploughing Ceremony, Bangkok may consider this the most important of all Sanam Luang events, considering the high place agriculture in Thailand holds.

In learning about this Thai ceremony, you’re gaining a deeper understanding of what agriculture in Thailand looks like, and of Thai culture as a whole. Any language learner can tell you that having sound knowledge of your target language’s country is the most important step in the journey.

At, we hope to make this learning experience an invaluable one, both fun and insightful. Let’s get started and delve into this Royal Ploughing Day!

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1. What is Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day?

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony, which is a traditional ceremony in Thailand, is held to strengthen the morale of the farmers and to recognize the importance of agriculture to the Thai economy. Rice is considered the main economic plant of the country.

2. When is the Royal Ploughing Ceremony?

Sowing Seeds

The date of the Thai Royal Ploughing Ceremony varies by year, as it’s determined by the royal astrologer. That said, it always takes place in May. In 2019 and 2020, it will take place on May 13.

3. Reading Practice: Thai Customs on Ploughing Day

Plowing a Field

How is the Royal Ploughing Ceremony celebrated? Read the Thai text below to find out, and find the English translation directly below it.

ก่อนวันพืชมงคล 1 วันจะต้องมีพิธีสงฆ์เกิดขึ้นก่อน พระสงฆ์จะทำการเจริญพระพุทธมนต์ตามหลักของพุทธศาสนาเพื่อทำขวัญแก่เมล็ดพืชต่างๆให้มีความอุดมสมบูรณ์ ประกอบไปด้วย เมล็ดข้าวเปลือกและเมล็ดพืชต่างๆประมาณ 40 ชนิด รวมไปถึงพันธุ์ข้าวพระราชทานซึ่งปลูกในพระราชวัง เมล็ดพืชเหล่านี้จะใช้เพื่อเป็นข้าวเปลือกสำหรับใช้ในพิธีในวันถัดไปและแจกจ่ายให้เกษตรกรและประชาชนในจังหวัดต่างๆเพื่อเป็นขวัญกำลังใจ

ในวันประกอบพิธี จะจัด ณ ท้องสนามหลวงเป็นประจำทุกปี โดยจะเชิญพระโค 2 ตัวที่ถูกคัดเลือก มาไถพื้นดินรอบพื้นที่จำนวน 3 รอบ ในระหว่างการไถ เมล็ดพันธุ์ข้าวจะถูกหว่านไปรอบๆด้วย หลังจากนั้นจะนำอาหารและเครื่องดื่มมาป้อนให้แก่พระโค ประกอบไปด้วย ถั่ว เมล็ดข้าว ข้าวโพด งา หญ้า น้ำ และเหล้า เมื่อพระโคกินของสิ่งใด โหรหลวงจะทำนายถึงความอุดมสมบูรณ์ของพืชผลในอนาคตตามสิ่งที่พระโคกิน ภายหลังเสร็จสิ้นพิธีแล้ว จะเปิดโอกาสให้ประชาชนทั่วไปเข้าไปเก็บเมล็ดข้าวที่ถูกหว่านในพิธีไปเก็บรักษา เพื่อเป็นมงคลแก่พืชที่จะทำการเพาะปลูกต่อไป

พิธีนี้แม้จะจัดที่กรุงเทพเท่านั้น แต่ในจังหวัดอื่นๆก็จะมีการจัดงานเพื่อเกษตรกรในหลายรูปแบบ มีทั้งงานให้รางวัลเกษตรกรดีเด่นประจำปี งานประกวดพันธุ์ข้าวจากเกษตรกรในพื้นที่ งานสนับสนุนเกษตรกรผู้ขาดแคลนเงินทุน อีกทั้งงานสัมมนาวิชาการ ให้ความรู้ที่เป็นประโยชน์ในการเพาะปลูกต่อเกษตรกร เพื่อเตรียมตัวกับฤดูกาลเพาะปลูกต่อไป

One day before the Royal Ploughing Ceremony, there is a monk ceremony. Buddhist monks will perform according to the principles of Buddhism to bless seeds from each plant for abundance. These are paddy seeds and forty other types of seeds including the Royal rice which is grown in the palace. These seeds are used as grain in the ceremony the next day and to distribute to farmers and people in each province to boost their morale.

The ceremony is held at Sanam Luang annually. Two steers are invited to plow the land surrounding the area. Seeds are thrown around while the cows are plowing. Then, food and drink, including bean, rice, corn, sesame, grass, water, and liquor, are fed to the cows. After the steers eat these items, the royal astrologer predicts the abundance of crops in the future, according to what was eaten. After the ceremony, the general public is allowed to keep the grain sown in the ceremony as a blessing for their next crop.

Even though this ceremony is held only in Bangkok, other provinces also organize various events for farmers such as the Farmers of the Year award, rice contest from the local farmers, an event supporting farmers who lack funding, and a seminar to provide useful knowledge to farmers to prepare for the next planting season.

4. Steers and Important Crops

There is a belief that steers used in the royal ceremony must possess very good characteristics, which are good ears, good eyes, strength, and straight horns. Both cows must be of the same color. There are only two colors of steer chosen, namely cotton white and sugar brown. They must also be male and castrated.

There are four major types of plants, including rice, rubber, tapioca, and sugarcane. Rice is the most grown plant in Thailand, and it takes only four months to achieve a crop. Moreover, Thailand exports most of the sticky rice in the world. Its important market is in the ASEAN region and Asia.

5. Useful Vocabulary for the Thai Royal Ploughing Ceremony

A Water Buffalo

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Royal Ploughing Ceremony in Thailand!

  • ข้าว (khàao) — “rice”
  • เกษตรกร (gà-sèet-dtrà-gaawn) — “farmer”
  • เกษตรกรรม (gà-sèet-dtrà-gam) — “agriculture”
  • วันพืชมงคล (wan-phûuet-mong-khon) — “Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day”
  • วัว (wuua) — “cattle”
  • ควาย (khwaai) — “water buffalo
  • หว่าน (wàan) — “sow”
  • สนามหลวง (sà-nǎam-lǔuang) — “Sanam Luang”
  • ไถนา (thăi-naa) — “plow a field”
  • ข้าวเปลือก (khàao-bplùuak) — “paddy”
  • ความอุดมสมบูรณ์ (khwaam ù-dom-sǒm-buun) — “fertility”

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, check out our Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio file of its pronunciation.


We hope that you learned something today and took away something valuable for your Thai studies. What do you think of the Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day in Thailand? Does your country have a holiday for farmers or agriculture? Let us know in the comments!

To learn more about Thai culture and the language, visit us at for all the tools you need to master your target language! From free vocabulary lists to insightful blog posts on an array of topics, there’s something here for every Thai learner. You can also talk with fellow Thai learners on our community forum, or upgrade to Premium Plus to take advantage of our MyTeacher program.

Your journey to mastering Thai may be difficult and long, but know that your hard work will pay off. And will be here with you every step of the way!

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What is Chakri Memorial Day in Thailand?

What is Chakri Day in Thailand, and why should you learn about it?

During Chakri Day, Thailand royal family members and the rest of the population take time to commemorate the Chakri Dynasty’s first king, King Rama I. It’s a day to celebrate and remember the peace and overall success that King Rama I brought to Thailand, including his decision to move its capital to Bangkok.

Learning about Chakri Day’s meaning will give you a good look at Thailand’s past, which in turn offers you insight into the country’s culture today. And as many language-learners can vouch for, understanding a country’s culture is a vital step in mastering the language.

At, we hope to make this learning experience both fun and informative as we delve into the specifics of the Chakri Day holiday.

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1. What is Chakri Memorial Day?

This is the day to commemorate the grace of King Rama I who ascended the throne and moved the capital to Bangkok. This day is regarded as the anniversary of the Chakri Dynasty.

King Rama I is the first king of the Chakri Dynasty. He had many missions at the same time. The most important mission was to protect the kingdom as well as to revive the Thai culture. During his reign, he led the troops into battle and protected the country from every invasion from Myanmar. In addition, he cherished the religion by constructing and restoring temples which had been damaged by the war. That period was regarded as one of peace and solidarity.

2. When is Thailand’s Chakri Day?

The Capital City

Each year, Thais celebrate Chakri Memorial Day on April 6.

3. Reading Practice: How is Chakri Day Celebrated?

Showing Respect

How is Chakri Day celebrated? Read the Thai text below to find out (you can find the English translation directly below it).

ธรรมเนียมของวันจักรีในทุกๆปีคือ กษัตริย์องค์ปัจจุบัน พร้อมด้วยพระบรมวงศานุวงศ์ จะเป็นประธานในพิธีทางศาสนา เพื่อบำเพ็ญกุศลให้กษัตริย์ในราชวงศ์ ณ วัดพระแก้ว จากนั้นก็เสด็จไป วางพวงมาลา ณ พระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์ของรัชกาลที่ 1 ที่สะพานพระพุทธยอดฟ้า โดยนายกรัฐมนตรีและข้าราชการชั้นผู้ใหญ่ เข้าร่วมพิธีวางพวงมาลาและบำเพ็ญกุศลด้วย
ปัจจุบัน ทั้งมูลนิธิ ส่วนราชการ และภาคเอกชนได้ร่วมกันจัดงานสัปดาห์เฉลิมพระเกียรติ โดยการจัดกิจกรรมเพื่อเฉลิมพระเกียรติและเป็นพระราชกุศล เปิดโอกาสให้ประชาชนได้มีส่วนร่วม เช่น ช่วยสนับสนุนการดำเนินงานตามโครงการพระราชดำริ ปลูกป่า สร้างบ้านให้ผู้ยากไร้ เป็นต้น ถือเป็นการช่วยเสริมสร้างความสามัคคีของคนในชาติได้เป็นอย่างดี

The tradition on Chakri Day each year is that the current king along with the royal figures host religious ceremony to pay respect to previous kings in the dynasty at the Royal Palace temple. Then, they go to lay a wreath at the Monument of King Rama I at the Phra Phuttha Yodfa Bridge. The wreath laying and charitable event are attended by the Prime Minister and senior officials.

Nowadays, foundations, government agencies, and private sectors cooperate to organize the Week of Honor by organizing activities to honor the royal family and make merit for them. The general public is allowed to participate in several activities. For example, they can help by sponsoring the King’s project, plant trees in the forest, and build houses for the poor. These can greatly help strengthen the unity of the nation.

4. Additional Information: Thailand’s Capital Changes

Since the establishment of Thailand, there have been fifty-two kings and the capital has changed three times from Sukhothai: to Ayutthaya, Thon Buri, and Bangkok, respectively. There have been six dynasties up to the current Chakri Dynasty.

Thon Buri, the capital before Bangkok, wasn’t a suitable location for strategic reasons. It was located on both banks of the river, making it a difficult place to transport weapons to and to protect. Also, the existing palace had limited space and couldn’t be extended further. In contrast, the current capital Bangkok is in a suitable location for a battle. Hence, the capital was moved there eventually.

5. Must-know Vocab

Following Traditions

Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Chakri Memorial Day!

  • กรุงเทพฯ (grung-thêep) — “Bangkok”
  • เคารพ (khao-róp) — “respect”
  • จำได้ (jam-dâi) — “remember
  • วันจักรี (wan-jàk-grii) — “Chakri Memorial Day”
  • ประเพณี (bprà-phee-nii) — “tradition”
  • รัชกาลที่ 1 (rát-chá-gaan thîi-nùeng) — “King Rama I”
  • กษัตริย์ (gà-sàt) — “king”
  • ราชวงศ์ (râat-chá-wong) — “dynasty”
  • ราชวงศ์จักรี (râat-chá-wong jàk-grii) — “Chakri Dynasty”
  • ขึ้นครองราชย์ (khûen-khraawng-râat) — “be enthroned”
  • เมืองหลวง (muueang-lǔuang) — “capital city”

To hear each word pronounced, check out our Chakri Memorial Day vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation.


What do you think about Chakri Memorial Day in Thailand? Has your country also changed its capital like Thailand did? Let us know in the comments!

We hope you enjoyed learning about Chakri Memorial Day with us. If so, you can visit us at for more information on Thai culture and the Thai language. We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and on online community to discuss lessons with fellow Thai learners. You can also upgrade to Premium Plus to take advantage of a one-on-one learning experience with our MyTeacher program!

At, we hope to make learning Thai both fun and informative. Know that all of your hard work will pay off, and someday you’ll be speaking Thai like a native! We wish you the best in your Thai language-learning journey!

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How to Celebrate Magha Puja Day in Thailand

It’s likely no surprise to you that in Thailand, Buddha and Buddhism are held in high regard. Thus, the Buddhist holiday Magha Puja (also known as Makha Bucha or Makha Bucha Day) is celebrated each year in commemoration of Buddha’s Ovadha Patimokha, or list of principles.

By learning about Makha Puja Day in Thailand, you’re showing respect toward the country whose language you seek to learn and are, indeed, providing yourself with the context you need to better understand it.

Here at, we seek to help you understand all you need to know about Thai culture. In this article, we’ll be going more in depth on Magha Puja Day and hope you enjoy learning all of its little facets and traditions. Let’s begin!

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1. What is Magha Bucha Day?

Also called วันมาฆบูชา (wan maa-khá-buu-chaa) in Thai, Magha Bucha Day, or Magha Puja, is one of many Buddhist holidays. Even though it isn’t as important as Vesak Day, it’s still widely recognized. It was the day Buddha declared the core principles of his doctrine for all saints to distribute.

1- History of Makha Bucha and Buddha’s Teachings

On Makha Bucha Day, four miracles occurred on the same day, as follows.

One: It was a full moon on the fifteenth day of the waxing moon in the third month. Two: 1,250 monks came together to pay respect to the Buddha without any prior appointment. Three: All of the monks who came were saints or พระอรหันต์ (phrá aaw-rá-hăn). Four: All the monks had been ordained by the Buddha.

Because there were many monks coming together at the same time, the Buddha took this as an opportunity to announce “Ovadha Patimokha” which outlined the core principles of Buddhism. He addressed the goals, principles, and practice of Buddhism in full.

To summarize, the core of this preaching is that the ultimate goal of Buddhism is nirvana or นิพพาน (níp-phaan), which is a state without passion. Principles which can lead to nirvana are to abstain from bad action, to do good, and to purify the mind.

Ways to practice these include not encroaching on others, not harming others, not saying bad things about other people, keeping one’s behavior honorable, being reclusive, not annoying the community, learning to consume food appropriately, and persevering in practicing sound-mindedness.

As many monks who were all ordained by Buddha came to pay respect to the Buddha without any appointment on this day, this is regarded as a gesture of gratitude. As a result, the government also designated this day as one of gratitude.

Later, we’ll discuss how these teachings are implemented and celebrated on Magha Puja Day.

2. When is Magha Puja?

A Write-In Calendar

Magha Bucha is celebrated in Thailand during the third lunar month, on the day of its full moon. This date varies by year on the Gregorian calendar, but for your convenience we’ve provided a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2019: February 19
  • 2020: February 8
  • 2021: February 26
  • 2022: February 16
  • 2023: February 5
  • 2024: February 23
  • 2025: February 11
  • 2026: February 1
  • 2027: February 20
  • 2028: February 9

3. How is Magha Puja Day Celebrated?

Upasampada Example

Buddhist practices on this day include offering food to monks in the morning, preparing food—either sweet or savory—for temples at lunchtime, and listening to preaching in the afternoon. The preaching or คำสอน (kham sǎawn) is to remind people of the way to live and to enter nirvana.

At night, all will gather and bring flowers and candles to the temple. They will walk around the temple with candles in their hands along with the monks; they walk in a clockwise fashion. While walking, people will remind themselves of the Buddha, his teachings, and the monks. When three rounds of walking are completed, candles and flowers are put on the altar, and the ceremony or พิธีกรรม (phí-thii gam) ends.

4. Additional Information

In Thailand, a man who wishes to ordain has to be at least twenty years old. If he is younger, he can only be ordained as a novice. Novices have to observe ten religious precepts, while monks need to observe 227 precepts. If a monk behaves inappropriately and is forced to leave the monkhood, he cannot ordain again. However, a novice can be re-ordained unless he’s guilty of serious misconduct.

5. Must-know Vocab

Three Jewels

Here’s some useful Thai vocabulary you should know to celebrate this holiday and better understand the Thai culture.

  • วันมาฆบูชา (wan-maa-khá-buu-chaa) — “Magha Puja Day”
  • บรรลุ (ban-lú) — “achieve”
  • อุปสมบท (ùp-bpà-sǒm-bòt) — “upasampada”
  • รัตนตรัย (rát-dtà-ná-dtrai) — “three jewels”
  • พระสงฆ์ (phrá-sǒng) — “sangha”
  • เจดีย์ (jee-dii) — “pagoda”
  • ฟังเทศน์ (fang-thêet) — “listen to a sermon”
  • ชุมนุม (chum-num) — “gather together”
  • ตรัสรู้ (dtràt-sà-rúu) — “enlightenment in Buddhism”
  • พระพุทธเจ้า (phrá-phút-thá-jâo) — “buddhahood”
  • นัดหมาย (nát-mǎai) — “appointment”

If you want to hear the each word pronounced, visit our Magha Puja Day vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find an audio alongside each word with its pronunciation.


Now you know more about Magha Puja in Thailand. What do you think of this Buddhist holiday and the teachings it reveres? Is there a similar holiday in your own country? Let us know in the comments!

To learn even more about Thai culture and its language, visit us at We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and even an online community where you can discuss lessons with fellow Thai students. Also be sure to download our MyTeacher app if you want to take advantage of a one-on-one learning experience with your very own personal Thai teacher!

Until next time, we hope you’ll continue practicing and study hard! At, we hope to make this learning experience both fun and efficient. With enough effort and motivation, you can master the Thai language before you know it!

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