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Lesson Transcript

Ryan: Basic Bootcamp Lesson 4 – Counting from one to one hundred in Thai. Welcome back to Basic Boot Camp. This five-part series will help you ease your way into Thai. We’ll go over all the basics that will really help you understand Thai quickly and effortlessly.
Rawinporn: Yes, it’s fun.
Ryan: We promise. In this lesson you will learn one of the essentials in Thai or in any language for that matter.
Rawinporn: Numbers. In this lesson, we’ll teach you the numbers from one to one hundred.
Ryan: That’s a lot. Numbers always sound scary because there’s just so many of them. However…
Rawinporn: You don’t need to worry. Thai numbers are very simple. Is all about the patterns.
Ryan: That’s right. Once you know the numbers from one to ten, and twenty, you can count all the way up to ninety-nine.
Rawinporn: How easy is that?
Ryan: Very. And we’ll teach you how to do that. Let’s start with the basics. We’re going to listen to a conversation.
Rawinporn: Where does our conversation take place?
Ryan: At the gym. It’s quite like Boot Camp, isn’t it?
Rawinporn: It is.
Ryan: It looks like Jenny is working out at the gym and is counting to keep track of her progress.
Rawinporn: Sounds great. Let’s listen in.
Ryan: Jenny is at the gym doing push-ups, crunches, etc.
paawn: nùeng
paawn: sǎawng
paawn: sǎam
paawn: sìi
paawn: hâa
paawn: hòk
paawn: jèt
paawn: bpàaet
paawn: gâao
paawn: sìp
Ryan: Oh. That sounded pretty tough.
Rawinporn: This definitely sound tough. So, as we mentioned earlier, learning Thai numbers is all about pattern and we are going to explain them all to you here.
Ryan: You’ll have them down in no time. First, let’s take a look at the vocabulary. Again, we’ll give you the word at natural native speed, then the English translation, then break it down by syllable in Thai. And, finally, give it to you one more time, again at natural native speed. Khun Rawinporn [chûuai phûut ìik khráng dâai măi khráp]?
Rawinporn: [nùeng]
Ryan: One.
Rawinporn: [nùeng nùeng]
Rawinporn: [sǎawng]
Ryan: Two.
Rawinporn: [sǎawng sǎawng]
Rawinporn: [sǎam]
Ryan: Three.
Rawinporn: [sǎam sǎam]
Rawinporn: [sìi]
Ryan: Four.
Rawinporn: [sìi sìi]
Rawinporn: [hâa]
Ryan: Five.
Rawinporn: [hâa hâa]
Rawinporn: [hòk]
Ryan: Six.
Rawinporn: [hòk hòk]
Rawinporn: [jèt]
Ryan: Seven.
Rawinporn: [jèt jèt]
Rawinporn: [bpàaet]
Ryan: Eight.
Rawinporn: [bpàaet bpàaet]
Rawinporn: [gâao]
Ryan: Nine.
Rawinporn: [gâao gâao]
Rawinporn: [sìp]
Ryan: Ten.
Rawinporn: [sìp sìp]

Lesson focus

Ryan: Ok, listeners. It’s time to shine. What we want you to do, no matter whether you’re at home, on the subway, in your car, wherever you are, we want you to talk to yourself out loud.
Rawinporn: You might get some weird look, but don’t worry. It’s for a good cause.
Ryan: You’re going to repeat that Khun Rawinporn says. That’s going to be the quickest way for you to learn.
Rawinporn: Ok. Here we go. I’ll read the number out loud and give you time to repeat each one after me. Ready? [nùeng sǎawng sǎam sìi hâa hòk jèt bpàaet gâao sìp].
Ryan: Now we’re going to take a look at how to put those numbers together.
Rawinporn: So, the numbers from one to ten are something that you have to memorize. As we get past ten, you will notice a pattern developing.
Ryan: That’s right. Everything between ten and ninety-nine is basically just a multiplication equation in words.
Rawinporn: Anyway, there are some exceptions for counting “eleven”, “twenty”, “twenty-one”. And all the numbers that end in “one”. To say “twelve”, you say ten-two. So, that would be?
Ryan: “Ten” is?
Rawinporn: [sìp]
Ryan: And the two is?
Rawinporn: [sǎawng]
Ryan: So, if we line them up?
Rawinporn: [sìp sǎawng]
Ryan: “Ten-two” is “twelve”. That’s it. The number from one to ten are your building blocks. Now, you just have to arrange them and you can count all the way up to ninety-nine. Shall we try another?
Rawinporn: Sure. How about “thirteen”?
Ryan: Ten and three, right?
Rawinporn: Yes.
Ryan: So, ten is [sìp] and three is [sǎam].
Rawinporn: So, that would be [sìp sǎam].
Ryan: “Ten-three”. “Fourteen” would be?
Rawinporn: [sìp sìi]
Ryan: “Ten-four”. “Fifteen” – “ten-five” is?
Rawinporn: [sìp hâa]
Ryan: “Sixteen” – “ten-six” is?
Rawinporn: [sìp hòk]
Ryan: “Seventeen” is?
Rawinporn: [sìp jèt]
Ryan: “Eighteen”?
Rawinporn: [sìp bpàaet]
Ryan: “Nineteen”?
Rawinporn: [sìp gâao]
Ryan: And then, the exception for “twenty” is?
Rawinporn: [yîi sìp]
Ryan: Now, here’s a question for you. For this one, again, you’re arranging the basic building blocks. Ten is [sìp]. Ten-two, ten-three, ten-four, that’s how the system is going. Can you guess what “thirty” is? Khun Rawinporn, what’s “thirty”?
Rawinporn: [sǎam sìp]
Ryan: Slide the “three” before the “ten”.
Rawinporn: Yes, “thirty” – three tens is [sǎam sìp].
Ryan: How about “forty”?
Rawinporn: “Four-tens” - [sìi sìp]
Ryan: “Fifty” is?
Rawinporn: [hâa sìp]
Ryan: “Sixty”?
Rawinporn: [hòk sìp]
Ryan: What’s “seventy”?
Rawinporn: [jèt sìp]
Ryan: “Eighty” is?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet sìp]
Ryan: “Ninety”?
Rawinporn: [gâao sìp]
Ryan: So, remember, the word for „ten” is [sìp]. To make numbers that are multiples of ten, simply put the amount in front of the ten. For example, “thirty” is?
Rawinporn: [sǎam sìp]
Ryan: And then, the exception only for “twenty” is?
Rawinporn: [yîi sìp]
Ryan: There is another exception for the numbers that end in “one”.
Rawinporn: Yes, for “eleven” instead of “ten-one” it becomes [sìp èt].
Ryan: How about “twenty-one”?
Rawinporn: We just mentioned that “twenty” is special. Instead of two tens, it is [yîi sìp]. Therefore, we just add [èt] after [yîi sìp]. So, “twenty-one” is [yîi sìp èt].
Ryan: I see. And then, the pattern repeats again, doesn’t it?
Rawinporn: Yes. For “thirty-one” to “ninety-one” all you need to do is add [èt] after [sìp]. Basically, [èt] means [nùeng] or “one”.
Ryan: Well, let’s try. “Thirty-one”?
Rawinporn: [sǎam sìp èt]
Ryan: “Forty-one” is?
Rawinporn: [sìi sìp èt]
Ryan: „Fifty-one”?
Rawinporn: [hâa sìp èt]
Ryan: How about “sixty-one”?
Rawinporn: [hòk sìp èt]
Ryan: “Seventy-one”?
Rawinporn: [jèt sìp èt]
Ryan: And “eighty-one”?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet sìp èt]
Ryan: And, last, “ninety-one” is?
Rawinporn: [gâao sìp èt]
Ryan: That’s it. All they do is repeat. Counting by tens to ninety is actually a really good way for you to practice one through ten, right?
Rawinporn: Yes, it is.
Ryan: So, Khun Rawinporn, we covered “one” through “ten” and “eleven” through “twenty”, then we counted by tens all the way to “ninety”, and all the numbers that ended with “one”. What if we’re somewhere in the middle? What do we use? For example, if we’re talking about shoe sizes, we’re getting all types of numbers, right? Especially because Thai uses the metric system. So, we’re counting in centimeters. So, it’s not “one” to “ten”. If you’re coming from America, since it’s not the American size, the sizes can range from “twenty” to “forty” with “forty” being super big.
Rawinporn: Yes, something like that. So, Ryan, what is your shoe size in American size?
Ryan: [sìp khráp]. It’s “ten”. Since the topic, my shoe size, was already established, I didn’t need to put that in the sentence. I just need the number and [khráp] to be polite for male speaker.
Rawinporn: And [khâ] for female. So, what is the equivalent of an American size “ten” in Thai size?
Ryan: That’s about “twenty-eight” in Thai.
Rawinporn: Ok. So, we start with “twenty” - [yîi sìp], and then add “eight” - [bpàaet].
Ryan: And, Khun Rawinporn, how about you? What size are you?
Rawinporn: I am a size “twenty-three” in Thai size.
Ryan: “Twenty-three”. So, [yîi sìp sǎam].
Rawinporn: Right. “Twenty” - [yîi sìp] plus “three” - [sǎam],[yîi sìp sǎam].
Ryan: All right. I think we’re starting to get the hang of it. Now, inside the lesson notes, there’s a chart on forming numbers. So, you can find everything you need inside the lesson notes. Now, for the big question, Khun Rawinporn?
Rawinporn: [khá?]
Ryan: The title was “Counting from One to One Hundred” but we only have the tools to get up to “ninety-nine”. What is “one hundred”?
Rawinporn: It’s not [sìp sìp].
Ryan: “Ten-tens”, no.
Rawinporn: It’s [nùeng ráauy]. It’s “one hundred”. Just the same as English. [nùeng] is “one” and [ráauy] is “hundred”.
Ryan: [chûuai phûut ìik khráng dâai măi khráp]
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: [chûuai phûut cháa cháa dâai măi khráp]
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: [nùeng ráauy]
Rawinporn: Right
Ryan: [chûuai phûut ìik khráng dâai măi khráp] Can you please, say it again?
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: [chûuai phûut cháa cháa dâai măi khráp] Please speak slowly.
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: [nùeng ráauy].
Rawinporn: Right
Ryan: One hundred. So, there you have it. Now, you can say all the numbers from one to one hundred in Thai.


Rawinporn: Yes. As we mentioned before, once you know the number from one through ten, you’ll be able to say all the number up to ninety-nine.
Ryan: Now that you’ve learned some numbers again, focus on application. Practicing any number you see around you in Thai and watch how quickly you remember them.
Rawinporn: Practice makes perfect.
Ryan: Now, in the next lesson, we’re going to count from “one hundred and one” all the way up to “one hundred thousand”. But, here’s a little hint. You have all the tools already to count almost all the way up to “nine hundred ninety-nine”.
Rawinporn: That’s right. They are a couple of surprises in there, but basically, if you think about it, the way we went from “nineteen” to “twenty”. Think about that and you can properly count all the way up to “nine hundred ninety-nine”, with the tool we gave you today.
Ryan: But we will cover that in the next lesson.
Rawinporn: Exactly. See you next time.
Ryan: sà-wàt-dii khráp
Rawinporn: sà-wàt-dii khâ