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Lesson Transcript

Ryan: Basic Bootcamp Lesson 5 – “Counting from one hundred to one hundred thousand in Thai”. Welcome back to Basic Boot Camp. This five part series will help ease your way into Thai.
Rawinporn: We go over ordered basics that will really help you understand Thai in a quick and easy way.
Ryan: In this lesson, we’ll venture into higher number territory, from over one hundred to ten thousand.
Rawinporn: You’ll be listening to two people at an auction.
Ryan: They’ll be bidding on an item. They’re trying to outbid one another for this item and the price keeps rising.
Auctioneer: And here we have a beautiful new motorcycle. Look stylish as you ride around town. We'll start the bidding at one hundred dollars.
khon thîi nùeng: nùeng-ráauy
khon thîi sǎawng: sǎawng-ráauy
khon thîi nùeng: hâa-ráauy
khon thîi sǎawng: nùeng-phan
khon thîi nùeng: nùeng-phan sǎam-ráauy
khon thîi sǎawng: nùeng-phan hòk-ráauy
khon thîi nùeng: sǎawng-phan
khon thîi sǎawng: sǎam-phan
khon thîi nùeng: bpàaet-phan
Auctioneer: Sold to this person right here for eight thousand dollars.
Ryan: Khun Rawinporn, poor Khun Wichan walked away with nothing, but Khun Somjai got a beautiful, new motorcycle that she wanted. How much did she pay for it?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet-phan] dollars which is $8,000.
Ryan: Sounds like a lot for a motorcycle. It must have been a pretty good one. Or, maybe, she just really wanted it.
Rawinporn: Right. She sounded really excited.

Lesson focus

Ryan: Ok. So, they were shouting out a lot of big numbers in this conversation. Let’s take a closer look at how to put them together. In the last Boot Camp Lesson about numbers, we learned that to say 12 in Thai, we basically say “ten-two”.
Rawinporn: [sìp sǎawng]
Ryan: 13 is?
Rawinporn: Ten-three. [sìp sǎam]
Ryan: And, so on. 20 is an exception.
Rawinporn: [yîi sìp]
Ryan: 21?
Rawinporn: [yîi sìp èt]
Ryan: And, so on. Up to 99 which is?
Rawinporn: [gâao sìp gâao]
Ryan: And then, at the end of the lesson, we learned that one hundred is?
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: It’s exactly the same with English. 100 is the combination of “one” and “hundred” which is?
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: So, here’s the question: how do we start forming numbers over one hundred? Well, it’s very simple, actually. We just take [nùeng ráauy] and then put the number after it.
Rawinporn: Exactly. For example, 101 is [nùeng ráauy], 100 plus [nùeng], 1, so [nùeng ráauy nùeng].
Ryan: How about 111?
Rawinporn: 100 is [nùeng ráauy] and 11 is [sìp èt], so [nùeng ráauy sìp èt].
Ryan: So, you can see again that the pattern is the same. Now, let’s go through multiples of 100. 100 all the way to 900. Khun Rawinporn, please?
Rawinporn: Ok, Ryan. To create multiple hundreds, we put the number in front of [ráauy].
Ryan: Ok. Let’s start from 100.
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: Literally, “one hundred”. How about 200?
Rawinporn: [sǎawng ráauy]
Ryan: Two hundred. How about 300?
Rawinporn: [sǎam ráauy] then, [sìi ráauy]
Ryan: 400.
Rawinporn: [hâa ráauy]
Ryan: 500. How about 600?
Rawinporn: [hòk ráauy]
Ryan: Ok. How about 700?
Rawinporn: [jèt ráauy]
Ryan: How about 800?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet ráauy]
Ryan: And 900?
Rawinporn: [gâao ráauy]
Ryan: Before moving on, let’s just recap them one more time. [chûuai phûut ìik khráng dâai măi khráp], please say it one more time. Here we go. 100?
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: 200?
Rawinporn: [sǎawng ráauy]
Ryan: 300?
Rawinporn: [sǎam ráauy]
Ryan: 400?
Rawinporn: [sìi ráauy]
Ryan: 500?
Rawinporn: [hâa ráauy]
Ryan: 600?
Rawinporn: [hòk ráauy]
Ryan: 700?
Rawinporn: [jèt ráauy]
Ryan: 800?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet ráauy]
Ryan: And, 900?
Rawinporn: [gâao ráauy]
Ryan: Now, we come to one thousand which is a new word.
Rawinporn: [phan] means “thousand”. It is similar to the word for “hundred”, in that you also need to say the word for “one”. Therefore, “one thousand” is [nùeng phan].
Ryan: Now, as you guessed it, the pattern is going to stay the same. Let’s go to 2000.
Rawinporn: [sǎawng phan]
Ryan: 3000?
Rawinporn: [sǎam phan]
Ryan: 4000?
Rawinporn: [sìi phan]
Ryan: 5000?
Rawinporn: [hâa phan]
Ryan: 6000?
Rawinporn: [hòk phan]
Ryan: 7000?
Rawinporn: [jèt phan]
Ryan: 8000?
Rawinporn: [bpàaet phan]
Ryan: And, 9000?
Rawinporn: [gâao phan]
Ryan: Now, before we go, let’s introduce a complex number so that we can see how it’s all put together. Up until now, we’ve been using clean numbers.
Rawinporn: What do you mean by clean numbers?
Ryan: Well, very easy numbers like 3000, 4000, 200. Let’s just pick a random number, but one that’s a little more complex. How about 3592?
Rawinporn: Ok.
Ryan: Which, by our definition, is a dirty number. So, we start out with 3000?
Rawinporn: [sǎam phan]
Ryan: 500?
Rawinporn: [hâa ráauy]
Ryan: 92?
Rawinporn: [gâao sìp sǎawng]
Ryan: Put it all together?
Rawinporn: [sǎam phan hâa ráauy gâao sìp sǎawng]
Ryan: 3592. And, there it is. These are the building blocks for you to count all the way from one to 10000.
Rawinporn: Just keep in mind a few exceptions and you’ll be sit.
Ryan: Now, we did say that we go up to 10000. So, let’s talk about that number for a moment, because it’s important.
Rawinporn: Yes, because in English, you can just say 10000, but in Thai we have a separate word for 10000.
Ryan: That’s right. And, because it’s different from English, this concept can be a little confusing at first. What’s the word for 10000?
Rawinporn: [nùeng mùuen]
Ryan: [nùeng mùuen] means 10000. So, let’s go over the keywords from this lesson. First, what’s 100, again?
Rawinporn: [nùeng ráauy]
Ryan: 1000?
Rawinporn: [nùeng phan]
Ryan: And 10000?
Rawinporn: [nùeng mùuen]
Ryan: There you have it. Now, Khun Rawinporn, I think there’s one more number that we really should cover.
Rawinporn: What is it?
Ryan: How about “zero”?
Rawinporn: Oh, yes. That’s [sǔun].


Ryan: Ok. Now, you’ve graduated from Boot Camp and you have enough basics under your belt to move on to Basics Thai Lesson.
Rawinporn: [chôok dii khâ] Good luck.
Ryan: [sà-wàt-dii khráp]