Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jing: สวัสดีค่ะ sà-wàt-dii khâ. I’m Jing, and welcome back to ThaiPod101.com.
Ohm: Hi everyone, I’m Ohm. This is Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 13 - Goatees Are Only for the Bad Guys in Thailand. In this lesson you'll learn about compound nouns formed using เครื่อง, meaning "machine".
Jing: The conversation takes place at Pim's apartment.
Ohm: It’s between a young couple, Pim and Gong.
Jing: The speakers are a couple, so they’ll be using informal Thai.
Ohm: Let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Ohm: Hey Khru Jing, I’ve heard that not many Thai men grow beards. Is that just because it’s so hot in Thailand?
Jing: Well, that’s the main reason. We tend to think that beards make guys look less friendly.
Ohm: Really? What about mustaches?
Jing: Mustaches too. Actually, a lot of Thai guys would have trouble growing more than a mustache. You know, many of the bad guys in TV dramas have mustaches. It makes them look more evil.
Ohm: Oh, I see. So a clean-shaven face gives a guy more luck with the ladies?
Jing: Yes, I think so. A clean shave makes you look more kind and friendly to Thai people.
Ohm: OK guys, got that? Don’t forget to shave before going on a date in Thailand! Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Ohm: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase we’ll look at is....
Jing: ต้องซื้อใหม่ ‘dtâwng súue mài’
Ohm: This phrase means “have to buy it new”.
Jing: Yes, that’s right. ต้อง ‘dtâawng’ means “must”, and ซื้อ ‘súue’ is the verb “to buy”. Finally, ใหม่ ‘mài’ is the adjective “new”.
Ohm: But in this case it follows a verb, so it functions more as the adverb “again” instead of “new”.
Jing: That’s correct. So the whole phrase can be understood as “I have to go buy one again.”
Ohm: OK, what’s the next phrase?
Jing: พี่ว่าไม่ต้องใช้ก็ได้ ‘phîi wâa mâi dtâwng chái gâaw dâai’
Ohm: This means “I think you don’t need to use it.”
Jing: Yes, that’s right. พี่ ‘phîi’ means “elder sibling”, but here it’s being used as a the pronoun “I”. And ว่า ‘wâa’ means “to say”, but here it’s used more to mean “to think”.
Ohm: That’s because the speaker is just giving their own opinion on something.
Jing: Right. Then, ไม่ต้องใช้ ‘mâi dtâwng chái’ is a verb phrase meaning “don’t need to use”.
Ohm: OK, So พี่ว่าไม่ต้องใช้ ‘phîi wâa mâi dtâwng chái’ gives us “I think you don’t need to use.” What’s the last part of the phrase for?
Jing: ก็ได้ ‘gâaw dâai’ gives a sense of “it’s OK” or “it’s alright”.
Ohm: I see. So then the entire sentence can be understood as “I think that it’s OK if you don’t use it.” What’s the last phrase?
Jing: เป็นของตัวเอง ‘bpen khǎawng dtuua-eeng’
Ohm: This means “it’s mine”.
Jing: Right. This is quite simple. เป็น ‘bpen’ is the verb “to be”, and ของ ‘khǎawng’ shows possession. Then ตัวเอง ‘dtuua-eeng’ means “myself”.
Ohm: So the whole phrase then means “one that belongs to me.” And what was the sentence from the conversation with this phrase in it?
Jing: พิมเลยอยากได้เป็นของตัวเอง ‘phim looei yàak dâai bpen khǎawng dtuua-eeng.’
Ohm: “I want to have my own.” Alright, now let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Ohm: In this lesson, you’re going to learn about compound nouns formed using เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’.
Jing: The word เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’ is a noun that means “machine”.
Ohm: It can also be used as a classifier for machines, engines, and electronic devices.
Jing: And also, เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’ is used as a prefix to construct many compound nouns.
Ohm: So most of these compound nouns describe some type of machine or electronic device.
Jing: Right. It all makes a lot of sense.
Ohm: What was an example of one of these compound nouns from the conversation?
Jing: One example was เครื่องโกนหนวด ‘khrûueang-goon-nùuat’,
Ohm: “electric razor”. Well, we already know that เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’ means “machine”, but what do the other parts of this word mean?
Jing: โกน ‘goon’ is the verb “to shave”, and หนวด ‘nùuat’ is “mustache”.
Ohm: So the Thai name for an “electric razor” describes a “mustache-shaving machine”.
Jing: Yes. It’s very logical.
Ohm: What’s another compound noun that we heard?
Jing: Another one is เครื่องใช้ไฟฟ้า ‘khrûueang-chái-fai-fáa.’
Ohm: “electronic device”. And what are the parts that make up this word?
Jing: ใช้ ‘chái’ is the verb “to use”, and ไฟฟ้า ‘fai-fáa’ is the noun “electricity”.
Ohm: So that describes an “electricity-using device”. I think we had one more example in the conversation, didn’t we?
Jing: Yes. The final example was the compound noun เครื่องหนีบผม ‘khrûueang-nìip-phoǒm’,
Ohm: “hair straightening iron”. What are the parts of this word?
Jing: หนีบ ‘nìip’ is a verb that means “to pinch” or “to clip”, and ผม ‘phoǒm’ means “hair”.
Ohm: So that describes a “hair pinching device”.
Jing: Right. In this case the name tells you how it’s used, not what it’s used for.
Ohm: I see. Are there any other interesting compound words made with เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’ that weren’t in the conversation?
Jing: How about เครื่องดูดฝุ่น ‘khrûueang-dùut-fùn’
Ohm: “vacuum cleaner”. What are the parts that make up this word?
Jing: ดูด ‘dùut’ is the verb “to suck”, and ฝุ่น ‘fùn’ means “dust”.
Ohm: Oh, OK. So in Thai, a vacuum cleaner is really a “dust sucking device”?
Jing: Yes, of course! That’s what it does, right?
Ohm: I guess so. Well, there are many other nouns made using เครื่อง ‘khrûueang’ that we didn’t have time to get to. So be sure to check out the lesson notes.

Outro

Ohm: That’s it for this lesson. Thanks everyone.
Jing: แล้วเจอกันใหม่ ‘láaeo jooe gan mài’

5 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What kinds of เครื่อง do you have in your home?

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 11:04 pm
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Hello Ian,


Thank you very much for your comment and joined our lessons activity. We say เครื่องเล่นเกม . Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions about Thai. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Ian
Friday at 2:20 pm
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เครื่องเกม

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 11:28 pm
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สวัสดีค่ะ John,


Thank you very much for your comment and joined our lesson activity. Well done as always. Let me help a little bit.

แม่ของผมชอบเครื่องประดับมาก

เพราะผมเป็นช่างแต่งหน้า ก็เลยมีเครื่องสำอางหลายอย่างครับ

Two sentences above are not get a long unless you change a little bit as follow.

แม่ของผมชอบเครื่องประดับมาก เพราะผมเป็นช่างแต่งหน้า ก็เลยมีเครื่องสำอางและเครื่องประดับหลายอย่างครับ

Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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John
Thursday at 3:45 pm
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แม่ของผมชอบเครื่องประดับมาก แล้วก็เพราะผมเป็นช่างแต่งหน้า มีเครื่องแต่งหน้าหลายอย่างครับ