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Lesson Transcript

Hi!
Welcome to Introduction to Thai.
My name is Alisha, and I'm joined by...
Hi everyone! I'm Jay.
In this lesson, you'll learn the basics of Thai pronunciation.
English vs. Thai sounds
Do you know that like English, the Thai alphabet is divided into consonants and vowels?
In Thai, there are 21 consonant sounds and 18 basic vowel sounds. By using all of these sounds, you can form every single word in Thai.
Still seem complicated? Well how about this: of the 21 consonant sounds in Thai, you already know 18 of the original sounds.
That's right. If you're a native English speaker, then you already make these sounds every day!
You can also ignore 14 of the vowel sounds for the very same reason.
So, the only thing standing between you and perfect Thai pronunciation are 3 new consonant sounds and 4 new vowel sounds. Let's hear Jay pronounce the unique sounds of Thai!
The new consonant sounds that you have to learn are r [r] (ร), j [tɕ] (จ) and ch [tɕʰ] (ฉ, ช, ฌ)
letter - romanization
[] - represents ipa
() - represents thai letter
And for vowels, ue (อึ), uue (อื), oe (เออะ), ooe (เออ)
Last consonant in Thai
One big difference between Thai and English pronunciation is that all final consonants in Thai are unreleased.
Take the previous example for "love."
รัก Rak
Do you notice how air in the final K sound is not expelled? This is true for all final consonants in Thai words.
If an English speaker were to attempt to say this, however, they would tend to say something like "ruck." It's a natural habit to release the final consonant sound.
Ok, let's listen again.
รัก
รัก
How about the word "Khid," which means "thinking" in Thai?
It will sound like this: คิด คิด
So, just keep in mind that the last consonant in a Thai word is ALWAYS unreleased.
Tonation in Thai
Thai is a tonal language. That means two seemingly similar words, or ones that sound the same for Western learners, can have two completely different meanings – simply depending on their respective intonation.
For example, ไกล (glai) and ใกล้ (glâi). ไกล (glai) means "far," and 'ใกล้' (glâi) means "near."
The meanings are totally different with a small change in the intonation.
So, just bear in mind that tone is just as important as spelling in Thai, as it can be used to distinguish the meaning of one word from another.
Thai is comprised of 5 tones in total: middle, low, falling, high, and rising tones.
You need to learn the Thai tones because a word in Thai can mean different things when a different tone is applied.
Mai ไม (middle) - "Mile,"
Mai ใหม่ (low) - "New,"
Mai ไม่/ไหม้ (rising) - "Not" or "Burning,"
Mai ไม้ (high) - "Wood" or "question word when asking,"
Mai ไหม - "silk."
So, as you can see, with different intonation, the meaning changes.
To complete our introduction to the pronunciation lesson, I'll point out that the overall syllable must be spoken with the correct tone.
There are no shortcuts to learning Thai tones. The only way is to practice speaking and listening to Thai regularly. Imitating words in different tones, like the one in this example, is a very useful way to practice.
Well done! Let's wrap up this lesson by recapping what we've learned.
In this lesson, you learned that Thai has 21 consonant sounds and 32 vowel sound. Pronunciation of the all final consonants in Thai are silent. And in Thai, tones are very important, as a similar word with different tone can have different meaning.
We've covered only the basics of Thai pronunciation. If you're interested in learning more, check our "Ultimate Guide to Thai Pronunciation." In that video series, we teach you how to pronounce every single sound used in Thai.
In the next lesson, we'll introduce you to the basics of Thai grammar, where you'll learn about Thai word order and how to build basic phrases in Thai.
See you in the next lesson. Bye!
Bye~!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:21 PM
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Hello everyone,


Thank you for comment. Merlin, Joseph, yes we did make a bit of mistake there and there is not easy to fix once it come to video edit. Jonathan, we double an "i" just to show that it is long vowel sound in Thai. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Jonathan Liebling
Sunday at 11:26 PM
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Hello there,


Thank you for this awesome series of lessons. I've learned so much in such a short space of time. The best set of learning tools I have found so far and I'm sticking with them. I'm up to lesson 15 so far and am spending today going back over the things I have learned so far.


I just wanted to point out a small but significant error in this lesson: Vowel, Vowels only has a single "l" in English which you have correctly in the script but have given this word a double "l" in the video!


Look forward to spending more time with Aleisha and Jay!

ยินดีที่ได้พบคุณ ขอบคุณ

Joseph Looper
Sunday at 11:39 AM
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I'm a new student so please pardon me. In the PDF and under the section, "Tonation in Thai," it lists 5 tones. The example for the rising tone on the PDF document says the meaning of the word is "silk" but the video says it is "Not" / "burning". The example for the falling tone on the PDF document says the meaning of the word is "Not" / "burning" but the video says it is "silk". I'm so confused. Can someone please update the PDF and/or video so that they are on the same page?

Merlin Zener
Sunday at 03:04 PM
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at 3:07 it sounds like falling tone but the graphic is animated on the rising one. Is the graphic wrong??? It's VERY confusing...


and then at 03:23, it actually says "rising" but still the audio is falling, for "not/burning"

then, wood/question is says high but sounds like rising...

and then even more clearly is says falling in english but then clearly the thai speaker says a rising tone....


This is so fundamental, is the video wrong?

if it is I can't believe you've left it up for so long why not correct it???

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:14 AM
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สวัสดี Pavlína,


😄😄 Thank you for commenting. We are very happy that you joined us! Let us know if you have any questions. 😇


Wishing you good luck with your Thai,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Pavlína
Monday at 06:38 PM
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I am so so so so so glad, that we have in Czech that R and CH sounds! 😁

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:11 PM
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Hello Eric,


Thank you for comment. ไหม rising tone is a correct spelling for a Thai question word while we speak มั้ย with high tone.ไม้ we show that it means "wood" not used as a question word. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Eric
Thursday at 11:23 AM
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So I'm just getting started and I'm already confused. I learned the general question word is the rising ไหม and not the high ไม้. My Thai wife says ไม้ is wrong, and all books I have and many web site I've visited use ไหม. Your host Jay's video "Learn the Top 15 Thai Questions You Should Know" on YouTube also uses ไหม. Which is correct, or are they interchangeable?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:44 PM
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Hello Pat,


Thank you for your comment. You're right. I would suggested. Please feel free to let me know if you have questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Pat
Thursday at 06:59 PM
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A good lesson, but as indicated by several other students in the comments below, there are some serious errors that tend to confuse a new Thai speaker such as myself. Specifically:

under the heading "RISING":

1) mâi transliterates as a falling tone

2) the english word "silk" is not shown under the thai word ไหม

3) the audio claims a rising tone, but produces a falling tone, mâi

and equivalently for "FALLING":

1) mǎi transliterates as a rising tone

2) the english words "not" or "burning" are not shown beneith ไม่ or ไหม้

3) the audio claims a falling tone , but produces the rising tone in silk


I have to repeat the lesson several times before I came to appreciate the mixup.