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Lesson Transcript

Hi!
Welcome to Introduction to Thai.
My name is Alisha, and I'm joined by...
Hi everyone! I'm Jay.
In this lesson you'll learn the basics of Thai writing.
The Thai Alphabet
The Thai language has 44 consonants, 32 vowels, 4 tone marks, and various other symbols for pronunciation.
Also, in the Thai writing system, there are no spaces between words. Instead, spaces in a Thai text indicate the end of a clause or sentence.
Take the sentences, "I'm a student. I have to go to school every day." In Thai, you will write these two sentences as ฉันเป็นนักเรียน ฉันต้องไปโรงเรียนทุกวัน (chăn bpen nák-riian chăn dtâwng bpai roong-riian thúk wan).
So, you can see, we use space to indicate the end of a sentence.
Now, you may feel it's difficult, but let me assure you that Thai and English are more similar than you think.
First, Thai language is read and written horizontally from left to right.
And just like the ABCs in English, you mix consonants with vowels to make syllables and words.
The Thai Consonants
In Thai language, there are 44 consonant letters.
But since many of the consonants produce the same sound, the 44 consonants produce only 21 distinct initial consonant sounds when used at the beginning of a syllable and 6 final consonant sounds when used at the end of a syllable.
Another important thing you need to know about Thai consonants is that Thai consonants are divided into three classes - middle, high, and low.
These three classifications are very important when you mix consonants with accent marks in order to make a correct intonation.
The Thai Vowel
Vowels in Thai are called...
สระ (sà-rà)
In Thai, there are 32 vowels in total, with 16 different vowel symbols that combine into different patterns.
And out of these 32 vowels, 18 are basic vowels, which each exist in long and short pairs.
The length of the vowel sound is much more important in Thai than it is in English.
Let's say you are saying the word "love" in short and long duration; the meaning of the word does not change. However, this does not apply to Thai language. The same word with different short and long vowels create different meanings.
For example, ติ (dtì) and ตี (dtii). The first word ติ with the shorter sound means "to criticize." If you say it a bit longer, ตี, it means "to hit."
Another example is บุตร (bùt) or "offsprings," and บูด (bùut) or "to be rotten."
Now, you understand short and long vowels in Thai.
Another thing you need to know is that unlike English, not all vowel forms follow consonants. Some appear above consonants and some below. And complex form vowels can be placed around the consonants.
Tone marks
Thai is a tonal language with 5 tones that are indicated by 4 tone marks.
หิว (the vowel is above: ิ )
ดู (the vowel is below: ู)
เบา (the vowel is around the consonant: เ_า)
เรือ (complex form of vowel> it's around and above: เือ)
For example, ไม้เอก (่) ไม้โท(้) ไม้ตรี(๊) ไม้จัตวา (๋)
The fifth is just normal (mid tone) and has no mark.
These tone marks are important, as it helps you apply the correct tone. In writing, these tone marks are always placed above an initial consonant.
OK. Let's wrap up this lesson by recapping what we've learned.
In this lesson, you learned that Thai alphabet comprises of consonants, vowels, and tone marks. Also, there are 32 vowels that produce either short or long sounds. Lastly, tone marks are important in Thai writing, as they help indicate the correct tone to the word.
We've covered only the very basics of Thai writing. If you want to learn more, check out our "Learn Thai Writing" video series.
In the next lesson, you'll be entering Thai boot camp, where you'll learn useful beginner phrases to get you speaking Thai right away!
See you in the next lesson. Bye!
Bye~!

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ThaiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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ThaiPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 7:03 pm
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Hello Karen,


Thank you. Yes, you're right. We talk about 4 tone marks but end up showing examples vowel placement. I would suggested. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa Koknoi

Team ThaiPod101.com

Karen
Thursday at 8:20 am
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Very useful but I think there is an error in the lesson notes on tones as it is talking about vowel placement instead?

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 12:43 am
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สวัสดี Ramiro,


Unfortunately, we cannot send you messages, nor can we advise here in technical issues, therefore we'd like to ask you to send us a message at contactus@ThaiPod101.com with a detailed explanation so that we can have a look asap! Thank you!


Kind regards,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Ramiro Sifuentes
Sunday at 10:30 am
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Call me at 530- 831 3806 have a successful pass word, but it will not take it. NEED TECHNICAL SUPPORT CALL ME AT 520- 831- 3806. PASS THIS - THANKS

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 10:09 pm
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สวัสดี (sawatdii) Christian,


I assume you have a Free Lifetime Account. Please note that with a Free Lifetime Account you can only access the most recent lessons from the past 3 weeks and the first 3 lessons from each series. We publish several lessons per week, so you are still entitled to countless hours of free materials. However, we offer certain subscriptions for those of our students who are especially committed to improving their Thai. For a comprehensive overview of these, please have a look at http://www.ThaiPod101.com/helpcenter/billingsubscription/pricing.


If you enjoy our free lessons and want to improve faster, I'd recommend you upgrade your account so that you will have access to more learning tools. If you are still unsure, you have the option to choose only a 1-month option.


Hope this helps. If you have any more questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Christian
Tuesday at 10:02 am
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I can access 3 videos a day or for lifetime?

ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:46 pm
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Hello George,


Thank you for question. Tone mark always place on top between inital consonant and vowel เก้า /ก้า /ฟ้า/น่า/เช้า/ ช้า/ม้า /ข่า, on top of "maai han-aa-gaat ั ชั้น สั่น " and on the second consonant of cluster กล้า /กล้วย/ คล้าย/พร้า /พร้อม. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

George
Tuesday at 6:21 am
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I am confused by the section about tone marks. The examples show how vowels are positioned in different ways, but do not show the marks used to indicate tone.

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:57 am
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Hi Ploy,


Thank you for your question. Sure, here it is: https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson-library/thai-alphabet-made-easy/.

Hope this helps. Good luck with your Thai studies. If you have any more questions, please let us know. 😉


Sincerely,

Levente

Team ThaiPod101.com

Ploy
Thursday at 5:48 am
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I can't find the Learn Thai Writing video series - could you post the link?