Vocabulary (Review)

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สวัสดีค่ะ ดิฉันกิตติยาค่ะ (sà-wàt-dii khâ. dì-chǎn Kittaya khâ)
Hi everybody! I’m Kittaya.
Welcome to ThaiPod101.com’s “Learn Thai in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Thai.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about nationality. In this lesson we will learn the verb อยู่(yùu), which means "to be located".
This verb is also used to talk about location, to say things like "I’m at home" or "He is in the room", so it's very useful!
When you want to know where something or someone is, you use the verb อยู่(yùu) in Thai.
For example, when someone asks you on the phone คุณอยู่ที่ไหน(khun yùu thîi-nǎi)? This sentence means "Where are you?" in an informal way.
Let's break it down.
ที่ไหน(thîi-nǎi) means "Where"
อยู่(yùu) is “to be located”
And คุณ(khun) as you know, is the formal word for "you"
All together it is คุณอยู่ที่ไหน(khun yùu thîi-nǎi)?
[slowly] คุณอยู่ที่ไหน(khun yùu thîi-nǎi)?
Answering this question is very easy! You just say ผมอยู่ที่(phǒm yùu thîi) or ดิฉันอยู่ที่(dì-chǎn yùu thîi) + the place where you are.
ผม(phǒm) means “I” for men and ดิฉัน(dì-chǎn) is “I” for women
อยู่ที่(yùu thîi) means “I’m at...”, then you add the place. So for example, you can say ดิฉันอยู่ที่บ้าน(dì-chǎn yùu thîi bâan) which is "I am at home"
[slowly] ดิฉันอยู่ที่บ้าน(dì-chǎn yùu thîi bâan)
Or if you’re a guy, you would say ผมอยู่ที่บ้าน(phǒm yùu thîi bâan)
[slowly] ผมอยู่ที่บ้าน(phǒm yùu thîi bâan)
Now let’s see a few other possible answers:
"I am at the office" would be ดิฉันอยู่ที่ออฟฟิศ(dì-chǎn yùu thîi áawp-fít)
"I am at the bank" would be ดิฉันอยู่ที่ธนาคาร(dì-chǎn yùu thîi thá-naa-khaan)
"I am at the hospital" would be ดิฉันอยู่ที่โรงพยาบาล(dì-chǎn yùu thîi roong-phá-yaa-baan)
Another useful expression with the verb อยู่(yùu) is when you phone someone or are looking for someone. You can say คุณ(khun)+(name)+อยู่ไหม(yùu mái)?
If you remember, คุณ(khun) means “you,” and อยู่(yùu) is, “to be,”
ไหม(mái) is a particle indicating a yes/no question
So the answer will be yes or no, and we will use อยู่(yùu) to mean “yes” or ไม่อยู่(mâi yùu) to say “no”.
Now it’s time for Kittaya’s Insights.
อยู่(yùu) not only means to be but is also used as an auxilary verb indicating progressive tense.
For example,
“ทำอะไรอยู่(tham à-rai yùu)?” ทำ(tham) means to do, อะไร(à-rai) is what and อยู่(yùu) in this phrase is an auxiliary verb. So “ทำอะไรอยู่(tham à-rai yùu)?” is “what are you doing?” and the answer will be (activity)+อยู่(yùu)
the answers can be:
"I am working" which is ทำงานอยู่(tham-ngaan yùu)
"I am having a meal" which is กินข้าวอยู่(gin khâao yùu)
"I am studying" which is เรียนอยู่(riian yùu)
In this lesson we learned how to talk about your location thanks to the verb อยู่(yùu). Next time we’ll learn how to talk about ages using the verb อายุ(aa-yú), which is "age" in Thai. So do you want to know how to ask somebody’s age? I’ll be waiting for you in the next Learn Thai in 3 minutes. สวัสดีค่ะ(sà-wàt-dii khâ)