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สวัสดีค่ะ ดิฉันกิตติยาค่ะ (sà-wàt-dii khâ. dì-chǎn Kittaya khâ)
Hi everybody! I’m Kittaya.
Welcome to ThaiPod101.com’s “Learn Thai in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Thai.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age using the verb อายุ(aa-yú), which means “age”. In this lesson, we will learn how to use มี(mii), which means, “to have.”
and how to use this word to talk about possessions.
For example,
คุณมีรถไหม(khun mii rót mái) ? means “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] คุณมีรถไหม(khun mii rót mái) ?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
khun means you. มี(mii) is “to have”
รถrót is “a car” and ไหม(mái) is a particle indicating a yes/no question.
Altogether this is คุณมีรถไหม(khun mii rót mái) ?
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
It’s really simple! You just answer with มี(mii).
For example, say you have a classmate who wants to borrow a pen from you. He or she might ask, คุณมีปากกาไหม(khun mii bpàak-gaa mái) ?
Which is “Do you have a pen?” "ปากกา(bpàak-gaa)" means pen
If you do have a pen, you can simply answer, มี(mii).
If you want to interrupt someone to ask if they have something you need, you can add, ขอโทษครับ(khǎaw-thôot khráp) if you are a man and, ขอโทษค่ะ(khǎaw-thôot khâ) if you are a woman. Does this sound familiar to you? That’s right! We’ve learned how to say “Excuse me” from lesson 4 already.
Next, ask for the item in question. To ask for a newspaper, women will ask... ขอโทษค่ะ(khǎaw-thôot khâ)
มีหนังสือพิมพ์ไหมคะ(mii nǎng-sǔue-phim mái khá) ?
and men will say...
ขอโทษครับ มีหนังสือพิมพ์ไหมครับ(khǎaw-thôot khráp mii nǎng-sǔue-phim mái khráp)
Excuse me, do you have a newspaper?
[slowly] ขอโทษค่ะ มีหนังสือพิมพ์ไหมคะ (khǎaw-thôot khà mii nǎng-sǔue-phim mái khá) ?
ขอโทษครับ มีหนังสือพิมพ์ไหมครับ (khǎaw-thôot khráp mii nǎng-sǔue-phim mái khráp)
Now it’s time for Kittaya’s Insights.
If you want to ask someone just to make sure that they really have what you are looking for, you can add a short question ใช่ไหม(châi mái)? which is a particle indicating a yes/no question at the end of the sentence.
For example,
if you want to ask your friend,
You have a phone, don’t you?, you can say คุณมีโทรศัพท์ใช่ไหม(khun mii thoo-rá-sàp, châi mái) ? [slowly] คุณมีโทรศัพท์ใช่ไหม(khun mii thoo-rá-sàp, châi mái) ?
In recent lessons, we have learned about the verbs เป็น(bpen), “to be”, and มี(mii), “to have”.
Next time, we’ll learn how to use both of these verbs in their negative forms in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
Did you know that to turn a verb into the negative form in Thai, you just have to add one little word?
I'll be waiting to tell you what that word is in the next Learn Thai in 3 minutes. สวัสดีค่ะ(sà-wàt-dii khâ)