Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ ดิฉันกิตติยาค่ะ (sà-wàt-dii khâ. dì-chǎn Kittaya khâ )
Hi everybody! I’m Kittaya.
Welcome to ThaiPod101.com’s “Learn Thai in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Thai.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the word mâi, which is "not / don’t".
In this lesson, we will start to learn how to properly use Thai adjectives.
Adjectives in Thai are not as easy as in English.
The basic rule in English is to put the adjectives in front of the noun but in Thai it’s the other way around, we put it after noun, for example ;
beautiful flower - “ดอกไม้สวย(dàawk-máai sǔuai) (Flower (is) beautiful)”
[slowly] “ดอกไม้สวย(dàawk-máai sǔuai)
Let’s start with another example: รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao) - "a white car" รถ(rót) is car สีขาว(sǐi-khǎao) is white, so together is รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao)
[slowly] รถสีขาว(rót sǐi-khǎao)
ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai) - ผู้หญิง(phûu-yǐng) is Woman and สวย(sǔuai) is beautiful, so ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai) is the beautiful woman
[slowly] ผู้หญิงสวย(phûu-yǐng sǔuai)
Let’s try one more,
หนังสนุก(nǎng sà-nùk), หนัง(nǎng) is movie and สนุก(sà-nùk) is fun so together is หนังสนุก(nǎng sà-nùk) , the fun movie.
So, how do we use an adjective in a sentence?
Thais always use a “classifier word” in front of the adjec tive.
Let’s see a similar sentence:
หมวกใบนี้สวย(mùuak bai níi sǔuai) - "this hat is beautiful"
First we say หมวก(mùuak), which is just “hat.”
Then we add ใบนี้(bai níi), which is a special expression we use to count hats. It’s what we call the classifier.
Then we put สวย(sǔuai) which means “beautiful.”
Now, can you help me make an adjective sentence?
“This woman is beautiful” the classifier for humans is “คน(khon)” and adjective “beautiful” is “สวย(sǔuai)”
ผู้หญิงคนนี้สวย(phûu-yǐng khon níi sǔuai)
“This movie is fun” the classifier for movies is “เรื่อง(rûueang)” and the adjective fun is “สนุก(sà-nùk)”
หนังเรื่องนี้สนุก(nǎng rûueang níi sà-nùk)
To practice this, let’s see some examples:
If you want to say "My house is big" you will say บ้านของฉันหลังใหญ่(bâan khǎawng chǎn lǎng yài). ของฉัน(khǎawng chǎn) is “my” and หลัง(lǎng) is the classifier for houses.
Now it’s time for Kittaya’s Insights.
If you want to show emphasis on an adjective in Thai, you can use the word มาก(mâak) after adjectives. For example, in สวยมาก(sǔuai mâak) which is "really beautiful" or อร่อยมาก(à-ràuy mâak) to say "really delicious."
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use adjectives in Thai and how to arrange them correctly in the sentence.
Next time we’ll learn the basic use of verb bpai, which means "to go". Do you know how to use this in Thai? If not, I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next Learn Thai in 3 minutes. สวัสดีค่ะ(sà-wàt-dii khâ)

21 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:02 PM
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Hello Keith,


Thank you. In our website, students will study classifier along with our lesson, there is no list for classifier yet. I will suggested. You can also check them out online or in Thai language books for foreigners. I would like to share a list but there will be too long for limit words comment here. You can just search for "common thai classifiers". Great to learn all but there will be too much so you just need to learn common one that we always used. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Keith
Friday at 03:26 PM
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It appears that when I am learning a new noun I should also learn the associated classifier with the noun. Can you recommend a place I can lookup the classifier word for any noun I am trying to learn?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:12 PM
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สวัสดี jean pierre,


Thank you for your feedback. You can slow the audios and videos down by clicking on the 1x button.


Wishing you good luck with your Thai,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:52 PM
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Hello Mary,


Thank you for comment. "classifiers" is used when you are counting / talking about number of things & "particles" is just an ending word at the end of sentence to add politeness ครับ ค่ะ คะ / show emphasis นะ เนี่ย ซิ สิ นิ / asking or telling nicely จ๊ะ จ้า เถอะ หน่อย เนอะ / show impolite, upset or angry วะ โว๊ย โอ๊ย(can shout out when injure as well)/ used at the end of nagative sentence หรอก etc.. Hope that's help. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Wish you a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

jean pierre TORTERAT
Friday at 03:26 PM
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Les phrases en Thai don't beaucoup trop rapides.

Mary Kelley
Friday at 03:06 AM
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I am confused about the difference in "classifiers" & "particles". I see both used in Thaipod lessons.

ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 05:02 PM
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Hello John,


Thank you for comment. We also need to see context again. Would help a lot if you understand the feeling of when to used "this / that / the /who /which" rót-sǔuai**/ rót-kan-níi/nán-sǔuai , the one out of many you see./ nǎng-sà-núk** or if they are one out of many, you would say nǎng-rûueang-níi/nán sà-núk./ káo sǔuai ** / kon-níi sǔuai/ pûu-yǐǐng kon-níi/nán/nǎi sǔuai. ** are often speak. Hope that's help. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Wish you a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

John
Friday at 11:06 AM
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In another lesson Jay said you can "omit words that are not essential". Is this true of classifiers for adjectives? I take it you can omit them and be understood, although your sentence structure may not sound perfect. Is that the case?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 11:14 PM
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Hello Khun Ken,


Thank you for comment. I'm sorry to hear that. Did you try slow button? I will also suggest to our team.Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Ken
Friday at 12:45 PM
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Sawadee Krup Khun Kitiya.

I think you speak so fast in English and also Thai.

Can you please slow down a bit when you speak? thank you.