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Lesson Transcript

Ohm: สวัสดีครับ
Ja: Hello, and welcome back to ThaiPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 22 - Does the Rain Ever Stop in Thailand? I'm Ja.
Ohm: And I'm Ohm. Well Ja, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Ja: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about the ending point, time-wise, of an event.
Ohm: This conversation takes place at the office where the characters, Nok and Dao, work.
Ja: The speakers are friends, so they'll be using casual Thai.
Ohm: Alright, Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

ดาว : เบื่อ ฝนตกทุกวัน ไม่รู้จะตกไปถึงไหน
นก : ฉันดูข่าวเขาบอกว่าจะมีพายุเข้าจนถึงพรุ่งนี้
ดาว : น้ำท่วมในซอยบ้านฉันแน่นอน ปีที่แล้วน้ำถึงเอวเลย
นก : คงต้องซื้อเรือติดบ้านไว้บ้างแล้วมั้ง
Ja: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
ดาว : เบื่อ ฝนตกทุกวัน ไม่รู้จะตกไปถึงไหน
นก : ฉันดูข่าวเขาบอกว่าจะมีพายุเข้าจนถึงพรุ่งนี้
ดาว : น้ำท่วมในซอยบ้านฉันแน่นอน ปีที่แล้วน้ำถึงเอวเลย
นก : คงต้องซื้อเรือติดบ้านไว้บ้างแล้วมั้ง
Ja: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
ดาว : เบื่อ ฝนตกทุกวัน ไม่รู้จะตกไปถึงไหน
Ja: I'm sick of it raining every day. I don't know how long it's going to rain until.
นก : ฉันดูข่าวเขาบอกว่าจะมีพายุเข้าจนถึงพรุ่งนี้
Ja: I saw on the news that we're going to have storms coming until tomorrow.
ดาว : น้ำท่วมในซอยบ้านฉันแน่นอน ปีที่แล้วน้ำถึงเอวเลย
Ja: It's going to flood on my street for sure. Last year the water came up to my waist.
นก : คงต้องซื้อเรือติดบ้านไว้บ้างแล้วมั้ง
Ja: You should probably buy a boat to keep at home.
Ja: Ohm, are the storms they're talking about in the conversation different than the usual monsoon rain?
Ohm: Yes, it sounds like this is from a tropical storm—maybe one that started out as a typhoon.
Ja: Does Thailand get hit by many typhoons?
Ohm: Sometimes, but the typhoons that come from the Pacific have to pass through Vietnam and Laos before hitting Thailand.
Ja: I see. So by the time they reach Thailand, they've already lost some steam.
Ohm: Yes, usually they are just considered tropical storms by then.
Ja: So there might be heavy rains for a couple days, but the wind is not as severe as the winds some other countries get.
Ohm: That's right. But sometimes there are hail storms that can damage people's homes.
Ja: Interesting. Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
Ja: Let’s take a look at vocabulary from this lesson. The first vocabulary word we’ll look at is:
Ohm: ทุกวัน [natural native speed]
Ja: everyday
Ohm: ทุกวัน [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ทุกวัน [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: ถึง [natural native speed]
Ja: to arrive, until
Ohm: ถึง [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ถึง [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: ข่าว [natural native speed]
Ja: news
Ohm: ข่าว [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ข่าว [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: พายุ [natural native speed]
Ja: storm
Ohm: พายุ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: พายุ [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: จนถึง [natural native speed]
Ja: until
Ohm: จนถึง [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: จนถึง [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: ท่วม [natural native speed]
Ja: flood
Ohm: ท่วม [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ท่วม [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: ซอย [natural native speed]
Ja: alley, side street
Ohm: ซอย [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ซอย [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: แน่นอน [natural native speed]
Ja: Of course
Ohm: แน่นอน [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: แน่นอน [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ohm: เอว [natural native speed]
Ja: waist
Ohm: เอว [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: เอว [natural native speed]
: And Last:
Ohm: ติดบ้าน [natural native speed]
Ja: to keep at home
Ohm: ติดบ้าน [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ohm: ติดบ้าน [natural native speed]
Ja: Alright, let’s look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson a little more closely. The first word we'll look at is…
Ohm: ท่วม
Ja: This is a verb that means "to flood."
Ohm: Right. Very often you'll see it used together with the word น้ำ (náam), meaning "water," to form a compound noun น้ำท่วม (náam-thûuam).
Ja: And that means a "flood" or "flooding."
Ohm: Yes. However, in many sentences we need to separate the noun น้ำ (náam), or "water," and the verb (ท่วม thûuam), "to flood."
Ja: This is different from English where we just say "it floods" instead of "water floods."
Ohm: Yes. For example…
bpii thîi láaeo náam mâi thûuam.
Ja: "Last year it didn't flood." Alright, what's the next word?
Ohm: ซอย
Ja: This is a noun meaning "alley" or "side street." In Thai cities major roads usually have a name, and the smaller streets that branch off on the right and left are called “Sois.” These sois are denoted with a number to differentiate them.
Ohm: And usually the even and odd numbers are located on opposite sides of the main road.
Ja: Right. For example, Sukhumvit Soi 11 would begin on the north side of Sukhumvit Road, while Sukhumvit Soi 12 would begin on the south side of Sukhumvit road. Alright, what's our last word?
Ohm: ติดบ้าน
Ja: This is a phrase that means "to keep at home." And it's made up of two words.
Ohm: ติด (dtìt) is the verb "to stick." And บ้าน (bâan) means "home" or "house." So if something is ติดบ้าน (dtìt bâan) it means that it is "stuck at the house" or "always kept at home."
Ja: Can you give us an example sentence?
Ohm: Sure. I could say…
khǎo mii bpuuen dtìt bâan
Ja: "He always keeps a gun at home." Can we also use this phrase with people?
Ohm: Yes, “ติดบ้าน” when used with people will act as a verb phrase that means “to enjoy staying at home.” So I could say “คุณแม่เป็นคนติดบ้าน”.
Ja: “Mother enjoys staying at home.” This implies that she doesn’t like going out or staying over at other places. Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Ja: The focus of this lesson is expressing how long an event or state of being will last.
Ohm: In lesson 21, we learned how to use ตั้งแต่ (dtâng-dtàae) to express how long ago an action began. In a similar way, we can use ถึง (thǔeng), meaning "until" to say how long something is expected to continue for.
Ja: Alright. What is the first way that we can use this?
Ohm: As with ตั้งแต่, we can make sentences using ถึง that mention a specific point in time.
Ja: What's the pattern?
Ohm: ถึง (thǔeng) is followed by a time expression such as ถึงวันจันทร์ (thǔeng wan-jan)
Ja: "until Monday". So where would this go in a sentence?
Ohm: Usually there will be a clause containing a subject and verb that comes before the time phrase. For example…
chǎn duu khàao khǎo bàawk wâa jà mii phaa-yú khâo jon thǔeng phrûng-níi.
Ja: "I saw on the news that we're going to have storms coming until tomorrow."
Ohm: In this sentence, first we have the speaker saying ฉันดูข่าวเขาบอกว่า (chǎn duu khàao khǎo bàawk wâa)
Ja: "I watched the news and they said that..."
Ohm: After this comes the phrase จะมีพายุเข้า (jà mii phaa-yú khâo)
Ja: "there will be storms coming"
Ohm: Finally, we have the time phrase จนถึงพรุ่งนี้ (jon thǔeng phrûng-níi)
Ja: "until tomorrow". Is there an extra word in there?
Ohm: Yes. The speaker used จนถึง (jon thǔeng) for "until" instead of simply ถึง (thǔeng), but the meaning of both are the same, so either จนถึง (jon thǔeng) or ถึง (thǔeng) can be used.
Ja: If we use "until" with a clause instead of a time phrase, is there any difference?
Ohm: Yes, there is. With a clause, we use just จน (jon) by itself, instead of จนถึง (jon thǔeng) or ถึง (thǔeng). For example…
khǎo dùuem biia jon mao.
Ja: "He drank beer until he was drunk." So in this sentence, "drunk" is an action, not a time.
Ohm: Right. That's why we have to use จน
Ja: What about if we want to say "from this time to that time."
Ohm: In that case, we can use ตั้งแต่ (dtâng-dtàae) together with ถึง (thǔeng) or จนถึง (jon thǔeng)
Ja: OK, so how do we indicate both the starting and ending point of an action using both of these?
Ohm: After the verb, put ตั้งแต่ (dtâng-dtàae) with a time phrase and then include ถึง (thǔeng) or จนถึง (jon thǔeng) followed by another time phrase.
Ja: OK, how about an example. If I asked you when a certain shop was open, what might you answer?
Ohm: ร้านเปิดตั้งแต่เก้าโมงเช้าถึงหกโมงเย็น
ráan bpòoet dtâng-dtàae gâao-moong -cháao thǔeng hòk-moong-yen.
Ja: "The shop is open from nine in the morning until six in the evening."


Ohm: Well, it looks like that's all the time we have for this lesson.
Ja: Be sure to check out the lesson notes for more examples and explanations.
Ohm: Thanks for listening, and we'll see you in the next lesson.
Ja: See you next time, bye!
Ohm: แล้วเจอกันครับ สวัสดีครับ