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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the vowels สระ ไอ ไม้มลาย, สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน , and สระ เอา. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about a very special middle class consonant which is usually a silent letter.
This is the letter อ (aaw àang) , which we introduced briefly in lesson 6. The word อ่าง (àang) means "basin". อ is a middle class consonant, but it has no sound as the initial consonant of a syllable. We only use it to start a syllable when we need to have a vowel for the initial sound.
All the vowels in Thai need to be written attached to a consonant. But if a word begins with a vowel sound instead of a consonant sound, we need to have a silent consonant that the vowel can attach to. So อ is a dummy consonant that can just be used as a placeholder to give an initial vowel a place to go.
It's easy to write อ. We start with a counterclockwise head, and just continue into a counterclockwise curl. อ
This is the word เอา (ao). It's the verb "to take". As you can see, it has อ as the initial consonant. The vowel is สระ เอา, which is written with สระ เอ before the consonant and สระ อา after the consonant.
อ makes no sound in this word. So all we have is the vowel เอา (ao).
Now look at this word. Do you think you can read it? The initial consonant is อ, which makes no sound. Then we have the vowel สระ อี written above. The final consonant is ก, which makes a K-stop final sound. So this word is pronounced อีก (ìik). The word อีก means "again".
Did you notice the tone when I say อีก ?
It's a low tone. We didn't have the tone rule for this type of word yet, so let's learn it now.
Middle class initial consonant + dead ending = low tone.
Remember dead endings are short vowels or one of the 3 stopping sounds K, T, or P.
So อ doesn't make any sound when it's a placeholder consonant like this, but it can also be used as a vowel -- and it *will* make sound then!
When อ is used as a vowel, it's called สระ ออ (sà-rà aaw). It makes the long vowel sound "aaw" like the AW in "saw". You can tell that อ is acting like a vowel when it follows a consonant and doesn't have another vowel attached to it.
For example, here is the word ตอบ (dtàawp), which means "to answer".
The initial consonant is ต. It is followed by อ acting as สระ ออ. And the final consonant is บ, which makes a P-stop dead syllable final. ตอบ follows the same tone rule we just learned. Middle class consonants with a dead syllable form a low tone.
Let's practice writing ตอบ together.
ต, อ, บ, ตอบ.
There is a short version of สระ ออ called สระ เอาะ (sà-rà àw). It looks totally different from the long version of the vowel, so look carefully to remember all of its parts.
สระ เอาะ is written with สระ เอ in front of the consonant. Then it has สระ อา and สระ อะ after the consonant.
One word you will surely hear สระ เอาะ in is the word เกาะ (gàw), which means "island".
เกาะ also follows the same tone rule we just learned. ก is a middle class initial consonant, and สระ เอาะ is a short vowel that gives us a dead syllable. So เกาะ is low tone.
Okay, now you write "island"!
สระ เอ, ก, สระ อา, สระ อะ ... เกาะ
Now you can write the name of one of Thailand's most famous tourist destinations, เกาะพีพี (gàw phii-phii).
Let's practice writing it together.
Last one for this lesson! Write "Phi-Phi Island"
สระ เอ, ก, สระ อา, สระ อะ makes เกาะ for the first syllable.
Then พ, สระ อี makes พี
And another พ, สระ อี makes พี again.
เกาะพีพี
If you're wondering why we aren't using the ๆ to duplicate the พี, it's because we don't usually use it for names.
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
In Thailand, you'll hear over 90% of tourists pronouncing the word เกาะ incorrectly. เกาะ is usually written in English letters as K-O-H, so many foreigners end up saying โค (khoo) instead of เกาะ (gàw). After learning to read Thai, you'll notice many more common words that foreigners usually pronounce incorrectly. And it's all because of the difficulty in representing Thai sounds with only the Roman alphabet.
So when you learn to read Thai, you can get around easier, because you can pronounce names of places so that Thai people will understand you easily.
You're learning to write in Thai, but can you write the word "write" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn the verb "to write" and of course, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write using อ (The silent letter aaw àang)?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:03 AM
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Hello julia,


Thank you. อ "aaw" longer than (plus สระ เอาะ) = "aw" both of them make mouth will be wider than when you say and สระ โอ "oo" (plus สระ โอะ "o"). อ is just a silent letter, so the sound you hear is vowel sound. Check native speaker mouth when they speaking will help you see the different easier. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

julia
Wednesday at 10:20 PM
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hello, what is the phonetical difference between อ (plus สระ เอาะ) and สระ โอ (plus สระ โอะ) in pronunciation?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:08 AM
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Hello Alex,


Thank you. There are 4 special words อ low class consonant will be in front of ย low class consonant to make the words become low tone อย่า don't / อยู่ be /live / stay / อย่าง kind/sort / อยาก to want to... หย่า is pronounce the same but different spelling so different meaning, it is means "devoice". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Alex
Tuesday at 02:01 AM
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Hi Parisa,


I came across the word "อย่า" which means "don't".


Why do we have อ here? I see the pronunciation of this word is yàa, then it should be หย่า . Am i correct?


Thank you,


Best regards,

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:31 PM
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Hello Wilfried,


Thank you. คือ is ค and ือ as vowel. This is how we write vowel อือ "uue". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Wilfried
Sunday at 08:46 AM
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Hi Parisa,

why does คือ have an อ at the end of the syllable?

Thank you.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:57 AM
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Hi Kamila,


Thank you. Let me give you some example : สระ ออ version 1 รอ ขอ พอ พ่อ บ่อ version 2 นอน ก่อน ผ่อน สอน บอก

สระ เอาะ version 1 เกาะ / เนาะ /เพราะ / เจาะ /หัวเราะ /เงาะ version 2 น็อก / น็อต / ล็อก

สระ โอ โทร too / โหล loo / โชว์ choo / โล loo /version 2 โอน (โอนเงิน) oon / โดน doon / โจร joon

สระ โอะ version 1 โต๊ะ / โจ๊ะ / โป๊ะ version 2 คน / ชน / บน / รน /กรน / วน / จน/ ถนน/ สนใจ

Memorising words spell would help you best with spelling and reading. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kamila
Saturday at 06:50 PM
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Hello,

When do we use สระ ออ, สระ เอาะ and สระ โอ, สระ โอะ? It confuses me.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:33 PM
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Hello Garry,


Thank you. No, we can't write เกาะ as โกะ because there are totally different sound for Thai native. They make mistake writing "Koh" instead of "Gaw", on sign. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Garry
Monday at 02:13 AM
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Hello

so, เกาะ can be written as โกะ

I Know this is wrong, but same time little confusing.


Both สระ เอาะ And สระ โอะ sounds same. They both sounds O , right?