Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the vowels สระ ไอ ไม้มลาย, สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน , and สระ เอา. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about a very special middle class consonant which is usually a silent letter.
This is the letter อ (aaw àang) , which we introduced briefly in lesson 6. The word อ่าง (àang) means "basin". อ is a middle class consonant, but it has no sound as the initial consonant of a syllable. We only use it to start a syllable when we need to have a vowel for the initial sound.
All the vowels in Thai need to be written attached to a consonant. But if a word begins with a vowel sound instead of a consonant sound, we need to have a silent consonant that the vowel can attach to. So อ is a dummy consonant that can just be used as a placeholder to give an initial vowel a place to go.
It's easy to write อ. We start with a counterclockwise head, and just continue into a counterclockwise curl. อ
This is the word เอา (ao). It's the verb "to take". As you can see, it has อ as the initial consonant. The vowel is สระ เอา, which is written with สระ เอ before the consonant and สระ อา after the consonant.
อ makes no sound in this word. So all we have is the vowel เอา (ao).
Now look at this word. Do you think you can read it? The initial consonant is อ, which makes no sound. Then we have the vowel สระ อี written above. The final consonant is ก, which makes a K-stop final sound. So this word is pronounced อีก (ìik). The word อีก means "again".
Did you notice the tone when I say อีก ?
It's a low tone. We didn't have the tone rule for this type of word yet, so let's learn it now.
Middle class initial consonant + dead ending = low tone.
Remember dead endings are short vowels or one of the 3 stopping sounds K, T, or P.
So อ doesn't make any sound when it's a placeholder consonant like this, but it can also be used as a vowel -- and it *will* make sound then!
When อ is used as a vowel, it's called สระ ออ (sà-rà aaw). It makes the long vowel sound "aaw" like the AW in "saw". You can tell that อ is acting like a vowel when it follows a consonant and doesn't have another vowel attached to it.
For example, here is the word ตอบ (dtàawp), which means "to answer".
The initial consonant is ต. It is followed by อ acting as สระ ออ. And the final consonant is บ, which makes a P-stop dead syllable final. ตอบ follows the same tone rule we just learned. Middle class consonants with a dead syllable form a low tone.
Let's practice writing ตอบ together.
ต, อ, บ, ตอบ.
There is a short version of สระ ออ called สระ เอาะ (sà-rà àw). It looks totally different from the long version of the vowel, so look carefully to remember all of its parts.
สระ เอาะ is written with สระ เอ in front of the consonant. Then it has สระ อา and สระ อะ after the consonant.
One word you will surely hear สระ เอาะ in is the word เกาะ (gàw), which means "island".
เกาะ also follows the same tone rule we just learned. ก is a middle class initial consonant, and สระ เอาะ is a short vowel that gives us a dead syllable. So เกาะ is low tone.
Okay, now you write "island"!
สระ เอ, ก, สระ อา, สระ อะ ... เกาะ
Now you can write the name of one of Thailand's most famous tourist destinations, เกาะพีพี (gàw phii-phii).
Let's practice writing it together.
Last one for this lesson! Write "Phi-Phi Island"
สระ เอ, ก, สระ อา, สระ อะ makes เกาะ for the first syllable.
Then พ, สระ อี makes พี
And another พ, สระ อี makes พี again.
เกาะพีพี
If you're wondering why we aren't using the ๆ to duplicate the พี, it's because we don't usually use it for names.
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
In Thailand, you'll hear over 90% of tourists pronouncing the word เกาะ incorrectly. เกาะ is usually written in English letters as K-O-H, so many foreigners end up saying โค (khoo) instead of เกาะ (gàw). After learning to read Thai, you'll notice many more common words that foreigners usually pronounce incorrectly. And it's all because of the difficulty in representing Thai sounds with only the Roman alphabet.
So when you learn to read Thai, you can get around easier, because you can pronounce names of places so that Thai people will understand you easily.
You're learning to write in Thai, but can you write the word "write" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn the verb "to write" and of course, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using อ (The silent letter aaw àang)?

ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 11:00 pm
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Hello Omi,


Thank you for question. Yes, สระ เ- าะ is use in the word เพราะว่า this is how word build พร initial cluster consonants + เ-าะ vowl become เพราะ which mean "because". Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Omi
Sunday at 11:26 pm
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I’m confused by this word “เพราะว่า”? Is สระ เอาะ used in this word? If so, why or how?

ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 4:53 pm
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Hello Allen,


Thank you very much. Yes, ก is pronounce but not as much as "k" when you speaking English, if it's not the meaning will be chance to an impolite word. Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Allen
Wednesday at 5:31 pm
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Hi Thaipod 101,I'm confusing abt a question.

"อีก" this word, why don't we need to pronounce the word "ก", this consonant isn't a silent consonant, but it sounds silent here, would you please explain it to me? Thank you for your tutorial, it's very useful.


Best,

ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 12:03 am
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Hello Tomas,


Thank you very much for your comment. อ "aaw àang" is silent when it's follow by vowel or consonant ย in the singer name

อรทัย aaw-rá-tai ออ ระ ทัย , you can see that it's just sound same as it's name อ "aaw àang". Hope that's help. Please feel free to ask if you have any questions.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

โทมัส
Saturday at 6:21 am
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Hi


There is a famous Thai singer called Tai Orathai (ต่าย อรทัย).


In her last name there is Or Ang อ as the first letter in a syllable. Why is it not silent letter? It is not following a consonant and doesn't have a vowel attached to it. It can't be a vowel?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 1:45 am
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Hi เก็โละ,


Thank you for posting.


It seems the video works fine with this lesson.


Could you check if you have a free lifetime account? Those who have the free lifetime account can access only up to lesson 3 for free. If you have a basic or premium membership, please let us know which error message you see on the screen. It’d be great if you could send us an email at contactus@ThaiPod101.com so that we can take a look at the issue closely.


Thank you,

Cristiane

Team ThaiPod101.com

เก็โละ
Sunday at 9:12 pm
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I can't play any of the videos anymore. It breaks my heart. Can anyone help me with this? I badly want to finish everything and understand them.

ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 8:07 pm
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Hello Adlan,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. ก็ spell this way because it's used to speak with short vowel not long vowel like now a day. Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Adlan
Wednesday at 10:14 pm
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Hi,

Can I know why ก็ is pronounced as gâaw? It only has the sara e on top. Is this also considered as another form of sara aaw?