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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned about อ, สระ ออ and สระ เอาะ. Do you remember the difference?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about high class consonants.
The first high class consonant to learn is ข (khǎaw khài). It is named after the word ไข่ (khài), which means "egg". The sound of ข as an initial consonant is "kh". And as a final consonant it makes a K-stop.
Do you remember the letter ค?
Both letters, ข and ค make the same sound. The only difference is that ข is a high class consonant and ค was a low class consonant.
ข looks almost the same as the letter ช that we learned in lesson 4.
The only difference is ข doesn't have the tail sticking out on top. Maybe you can remember that ข is named for the word "egg" and eggs don't have tails.
Let's practice writing ข.
Start at the head, go down, and then come back up on the right side. ข
Speaking of ช, the next consonant makes the same sound.
The name of this letter is ฉ (chǎaw chìng). It's named after the word ฉิ่ง (chìng), which means "small cymbals".
ฉ makes the sound "ch" as an initial consonant, and a T-stop as a final consonant just like ช.
The difference is ฉ is a high class consonant, and ช is a low class consonant. To write ฉ, it is a little bit like writing a short letter น with a tail on top.
Start with a clockwise head at about mid height. Draw a line down to the corner then go across and make a loop in the bottom right corner. Then draw a line going up, and make the line curve back to the left once it gets above the head. ฉ
We can use ฉ to write the word ฉัน (chǎn), which means "I" or "me".
The initial consonant is ฉ. The vowel sound is สระ อะ which we write using ไม้หันอากาศ because there is a final consonant. And น is that final consonant.
Let's write it together.
ฉ, ไม้หันอากาศ, น, ฉัน
ฉัน is our first word using a high class consonant, so we need to learn a new tone rule for this type of letter.
The rule is:
High class initial consonants + live ending = rising tone.
We can use the same rule to make a word using ข. This is the word ขา (khǎa), which means "leg". ขา just has 2 parts. The initial consonant is ข, and it has the long vowel สระ อา. So once again, a high class consonant with a live syllable ending results in a rising tone. ขา
Now let's learn a new vowel pair.
They are called สระ เอียะ (sà-rà ìa) and สระ เอีย (sà-rà iia). The vowel sound they make is (ia), like the IA at the end of the phrase "Mamma Mia".
The long vowel, สระ เอีย, is used much more often, so let's focus on it. You can see that it has 3 parts. สระ เอ is written to the left of the consonant. สระ อี is written above the consonant. And ย is written after the consonant.
If we wanted to make it a short vowel, then we can add สระ อะ after the ย to change it into สระ เอียะ
We can use สระ เอีย to write the word เขียน (khǐian), which means "to write".
เขียน has ข as the initial consonant.
ข is surrounded on three sides by the parts making up the vowel สระ เอีย. And then it has น as the final consonant.
เขียน is said with a rising tone because it has a high class consonant and a live syllable ending.
Let's write เขียน together.
สระ เอ, ข , สระ อี, ย, น. เขียน
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
The 2 new consonants in this lesson made the same sounds as other letters that you already learned. You will have noticed that many Thai letters make the same sounds as other letters.
The reason for this is that the Thai alphabet is based on the Sanskrit alphabet from India. All of the letters originally represented different sounds, but many sounds were not natural for Thai speakers to make. So a lot of letters ended up changing pronunciation to match the sounds that the Thai language used. When you see a word using one of the more uncommon Thai letters, it is most likely a vocabulary word that came from an Indian language.
Have you ever seen statues of giants from a Thai temple? Do you know what they're called? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson You'll learn that word and how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using ข (Khǎaw khài), ฉ (Chǎaw chìng), เอียะ (Short ia), or เอีย (Long ia)?

ThaiPod101.com
Thursday at 12:46 am
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Hello Thuan,


Thank you very much. ขนม read as /ขะ-หฺนม/ so the second syllable is rising tone because it's read as we have ห high class as an initial consonant. When the hidden vowel ะ is used with high or Middle the following syllable start with low class consonant will take on tone characteristics of the initial middle or high consonant hid a silent ห ( for high consonant) or silent อ (for middle consonant) in front of it. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Thuan
Monday at 7:47 pm
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Hi there i have a question

ขนม is read as คะ-หนม Why is นม a rising tone ?

Is is because ข is a high class consonant and ม is a live ending. And whenever a high class consonant has a hidden สระ-อะ after it . It is also count in a word as a high initial consonant ( which is ขนม) ?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 7:28 pm
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Hello Arc,


Thank you for your questions. Formal way to say “I” in Thai is ผม for man and ฉัน for women. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Arc
Wednesday at 9:53 pm
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What is the formal way to say “I” in Thai?

ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 5:24 pm
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Hello Herman,


Thank you very much. I think the letter look similar and you might mistake them. ข(khǎaw khài) is "k" while ช chaaw-cháang in = ชื่อ is "ch". Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Herman
Friday at 8:01 am
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HI. Why is ช in ฉันชื่อ pronounced like a "ch", when it is a "k" sound?

ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:22 pm
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Hello Angelo,


Thank you very much for your comment. We're looking forward to work with you. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Angelo
Thursday at 6:24 pm
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As much as possible, I want my comments to start with sawasdii khrap in Thai alphabet. But I'm not that confident just yet in using them.


I just wanted to let you know that having the transcript of each lesson is very helpful. I haven't upgraded yet to view all the video lessons because I'm a working student who has a lot of บิล to pay. But I've dedicated myself to learning everything Thai, so I'll pretty much upgrade whenever I can.



ThaiPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 11:39 pm
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Hello Khun Jus,


Thank you very much for your comment and feedback. We really sorry to hear that our examples are speaking too quick for you. We will keep that in mind for our future lesson series. We are so glad you like our lessons. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Jus
Tuesday at 1:52 am
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Audio files in "example" are too quick, and there is not the possibility to listen the sentences slowly, like the other words.

Apart from this, very nice website!