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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned about อ, สระ ออ and สระ เอาะ. Do you remember the difference?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about high class consonants.
The first high class consonant to learn is ข (khǎaw khài). It is named after the word ไข่ (khài), which means "egg". The sound of ข as an initial consonant is "kh". And as a final consonant it makes a K-stop.
Do you remember the letter ค?
Both letters, ข and ค make the same sound. The only difference is that ข is a high class consonant and ค was a low class consonant.
ข looks almost the same as the letter ช that we learned in lesson 4.
The only difference is ข doesn't have the tail sticking out on top. Maybe you can remember that ข is named for the word "egg" and eggs don't have tails.
Let's practice writing ข.
Start at the head, go down, and then come back up on the right side. ข
Speaking of ช, the next consonant makes the same sound.
The name of this letter is ฉ (chǎaw chìng). It's named after the word ฉิ่ง (chìng), which means "small cymbals".
ฉ makes the sound "ch" as an initial consonant, and a T-stop as a final consonant just like ช.
The difference is ฉ is a high class consonant, and ช is a low class consonant. To write ฉ, it is a little bit like writing a short letter น with a tail on top.
Start with a clockwise head at about mid height. Draw a line down to the corner then go across and make a loop in the bottom right corner. Then draw a line going up, and make the line curve back to the left once it gets above the head. ฉ
We can use ฉ to write the word ฉัน (chǎn), which means "I" or "me".
The initial consonant is ฉ. The vowel sound is สระ อะ which we write using ไม้หันอากาศ because there is a final consonant. And น is that final consonant.
Let's write it together.
ฉ, ไม้หันอากาศ, น, ฉัน
ฉัน is our first word using a high class consonant, so we need to learn a new tone rule for this type of letter.
The rule is:
High class initial consonants + live ending = rising tone.
We can use the same rule to make a word using ข. This is the word ขา (khǎa), which means "leg". ขา just has 2 parts. The initial consonant is ข, and it has the long vowel สระ อา. So once again, a high class consonant with a live syllable ending results in a rising tone. ขา
Now let's learn a new vowel pair.
They are called สระ เอียะ (sà-rà ìa) and สระ เอีย (sà-rà iia). The vowel sound they make is (ia), like the IA at the end of the phrase "Mamma Mia".
The long vowel, สระ เอีย, is used much more often, so let's focus on it. You can see that it has 3 parts. สระ เอ is written to the left of the consonant. สระ อี is written above the consonant. And ย is written after the consonant.
If we wanted to make it a short vowel, then we can add สระ อะ after the ย to change it into สระ เอียะ
We can use สระ เอีย to write the word เขียน (khǐian), which means "to write".
เขียน has ข as the initial consonant.
ข is surrounded on three sides by the parts making up the vowel สระ เอีย. And then it has น as the final consonant.
เขียน is said with a rising tone because it has a high class consonant and a live syllable ending.
Let's write เขียน together.
สระ เอ, ข , สระ อี, ย, น. เขียน
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
The 2 new consonants in this lesson made the same sounds as other letters that you already learned. You will have noticed that many Thai letters make the same sounds as other letters.
The reason for this is that the Thai alphabet is based on the Sanskrit alphabet from India. All of the letters originally represented different sounds, but many sounds were not natural for Thai speakers to make. So a lot of letters ended up changing pronunciation to match the sounds that the Thai language used. When you see a word using one of the more uncommon Thai letters, it is most likely a vocabulary word that came from an Indian language.
Have you ever seen statues of giants from a Thai temple? Do you know what they're called? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson You'll learn that word and how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write using ข (Khǎaw khài), ฉ (Chǎaw chìng), เอียะ (Short ia), or เอีย (Long ia)?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:36 AM
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Hi Emilio,


Thank you. ฉัน (chǎn) for both men and women. Yes, but mostly men in soap operas(on TV.) use it. Normally men would use "phŏm" in daily conversation. For women we regularly use ฉัน (chǎn) but speak with high tone. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Emilio
Thursday at 09:36 AM
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Hi!

I find this site very useful, thank You

I have a question: Can I use ฉัน (chǎn) for both men and women?

Thanks a lot

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:59 AM
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Hello Joseph,


Thank you. No, not with เอียะ, there are only these 7 vowels ะ / ือ / เ-ะ / แ-ะ / โ-ะ / -ัว / เออ will change their form when they appear in middle position of a syllable. This might help https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson/ultimate-thai-pronunciation-guide-3-thai-vowels/?lp=55

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joseph
Tuesday at 09:53 PM
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Hi,


Question, what if เอียะ is followed by a consonant, shout I put ็ instead of ะ?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:54 PM
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Hello Frank,


Thank you. เอีย say beer/ hear / tear and see if the ending sound of those English words make sense for you. เขียน k + iia + n (rising tone) and เอีย is not coud like "a(e)" in cat. Check when you lean เรียน(r + iia +n) เขียน(k +iia+ n) เมีย(mia-wife) เงียบ(ng + iia +p).Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Frank
Friday at 10:29 AM
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I am a little confused with the sound that เขีย makes.

The lesson says it makes IA sound as at end of Mamma Mia

In english Mia makes a sound like meeeare ( mee R)

However some words using this vowell seem to make A sound as in Cat.

example เขียน to write.

The pronunciation above seems to be keyannn NOT keyarnnn as i would expect with the IA sound from mamma Mia

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:19 AM
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Hello Kong Yew Wan,


Thank you. เธอ is not only means "her", it can also means "you" among lover and friends. Hope that’s helpful. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:01 PM
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สวัสดี Potato,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇

If you have any questions, let us know. 😉


Wishing you good luck with your Thai,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Potato
Saturday at 12:41 AM
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I'm still learning Thai alphabets day by day and I somehow think it is not easy to learn a Language from online and thank you very much for thls website and I do love this. I hope I'll be better day by day. I love this language. I have learnt about 23 consonants and 22 vowels and I rlly enjoy this thanks thanks thanks

Kong Yew Wan
Friday at 11:00 PM
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Why is ฉันรักเธอ "I love you" but เธอ by itself seems to usually mean "her"?