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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letter ห and the vowels สระ อัวะ and สระ อัว. Do you remember how to write them all? Let’s review them.
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 4 more low class consonants and one vowel…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
Here is the letter ภ (phaaw sǎm-phao). The word สำเภา (sǎm-phao) means a "Chinese junk" - for those of you who don’t know, that is a type of Chinese ship. As an initial consonant, ภ makes the sound "ph" like the P in "pink". As a final consonant, ภ makes a P-stop.
If you look at the shape of ภ you'll notice that it contains the shape of the letter ก.
The only difference is that ภ has a head. This is a counter-clockwise head that sticks out to the left side of the letter.
Let's practice writing ภ together. Have you got your pen ready? Ok, start with the head at the bottom, then make the shape of ก.
We can use ภ to write the word ภูเขา (phuu-khǎo), which means "mountain". ภูเขา has 2 syllables. The first syllable has the initial consonant ภ with the long vowel สระ อู written below.
The second syllable has the initial consonant ข with the vowel สระ เอา.
The first syllable is mid tone, and the second syllable has a rising tone: ภูเขา
Let's write it together.
ภ, สระ อู , สระ เอ, ข, สระ อา. ภูเขา
The second low class consonant for this lesson is called ธ (thaaw thong). The word ธง (thong) means "flag". As an initial consonant, ธ makes an aspirated T sound, like the T in "tennis". As a final consonant, ธ makes a T-stop.
The first thing you might notice about ธ is that it doesn't have a head. There are only 2 Thai consonants that don't have heads: ก and ธ.
You might also notice that the upper portion of ธ is very similar to ร.
Let's practice writing ธ together.
Start with a short vertical line on the left side. Then it turns to make an L shape. And the top part is drawn like the shape of ร.
We can use ธ to write the word ธรรม (tham), which means "the Dharma" or "the teaching of the Buddha".
You might think that ธรรม doesn't have any vowels when you look at it. But actually it does. Whenever you see two ร letters side-by-side, it is actually a special way to write สระ อะ.
But if there are two ร attached to an initial consonant with no final consonant in the syllable, then we pronounce it อัน (an).
We have a special name for the two ร. It’s called “ร หัน”.
So we write the word ธรรม as:
ธ, ร หัน, ม. ธรรม (tham)
Here's the letter ณ (naaw neen). The word เณร (neen) means a "novice monk". ณ makes the sound of the letter N when it's an initial or final consonant.
The shape of ณ looks a little bit like a combination of the letters ก and น.
Let's practice writing ณ together. Start with the head. Make the shape of ก, and finish with the loop on the right side with a vertical line.
ณ is of course used to write the word เณร (neen), which we said means a "novice monk". The initial consonant is ณ. The vowel สระ เอ is written to the left of it. And the final consonant is ร. Remember that ร makes the sound of the letter N when it's a final consonant.
ณ is a low class consonant, and this word has a live ending, so it is said with a mid tone.
The last new consonant for this lesson is ญ (yaaw yǐng). The word หญิง (yǐng) means "woman" or “female.”
ญ makes the sound of letter Y as an initial consonant. And as a final consonant it makes the sound of letter N.
ญ looks a little bit similar to the letter ณ that we just learned.
Let's practice writing ญ together.
Start with the head. Make the shape of ก, and bend back up. Then add the curl under the letter.
Most of the time when you see ญ, it appears in a pair. When this happens, the first ญ will be the final consonant of one syllable, and the second ญ will be the initial consonant of the next syllable. For example, here is the word สัญญา (sǎn-yaa), which means "promise".
The first syllable has the initial consonant ส, with the vowel sound สระ อะ written using ไม้หันอากาศ. Then ญ is the final consonant. So the first syllable makes the sound สัญ (sǎn), with a rising tone.
The second syllable has the initial consonant ญ and the vowel สระ อา. So it makes the sound ญา (yaa) with a mid tone.
Let's write the whole word together.
ส, ไม้หันอากาศ, ญ-ญ , สระ อา. สัญญา
Let's learn one more vowel in this lesson.
Here is สระ อำ (sà-rà am).
สระ อำ is different than other vowels because it includes it's own final consonant sound. สระ อำ is like a combination of สระ อะ and ม.
To write it, we draw a tiny circle above the consonant, and then สระ อา is drawn to the right. When spelling a word, we will say สระ อำ to mean the entire symbol.
For example, here is the word ดำ (dam), which means "black". We spell the word ดำ as ด, สระ อำ.
Because it has the sound ม built into it, สระ อำ always forms a live syllable, and it never has a final consonant behind it. Any letters that follow สระ อำ will be the beginning of the next syllable.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Point.
Congratulations! So far you've learned all of the tone rules that are based purely on spelling. After this you'll learn how the 4 tone marks can be used to give different tones to words. The tone marks work differently for different consonant classes. So it's important to remember which consonant class each letter belongs to. If you can't remember, go back and watch some of the earlier lessons for a review.
Do you know the Thai word for "chicken"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write it correctly. Here's a hint, you'll need to use a tone mark. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write with the letters you've learned in this lesson?

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 3:47 pm
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Hello Mike,


Thank you very much. All vocabulary are on lesson notes and transcript but you have a good idea so I will suggested. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Mike F.
Monday at 11:02 pm
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Why is there no vocabulary for this lesson? The video included several for each character covered.

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ThaiPod101.com
Wednesday at 2:56 am
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Hello Vince,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. initial consonant ภ low class consonant and end with สระ อู long vowel so it is a life syllable. เขา ข high class with เ-า short vowel but consider as long vowel when consider tone rule so this syllable is "rising tone". Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com




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Vince
Monday at 11:33 pm
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Hi Team thaipod 101,


why is the first syllabus of ภูเขา a mid tone?

initial consonant ภ is a low class consonant with dead ending, while สระ อู is a long vowel.


So the tone rule is low class consonant with dead ending and long vowel, is supposed to be falling tone? Am i misunderstanding something? Thanks!

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www.ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:23 pm
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Hello John,


Thank you very much for your comment. We're really apologized for the mistake of not cover the letter. ฌ "chaaw-(ga)-chooe" is one of rarely used alphabet which make "ch" sound as an initial and "n" sound as a final consonant and it's a low class consonant. Here is an example word that used ฌ

ฌอน chaawnM "proper noun, person" Sean; Shaun; Shawn [an English given name]

ฌาน chaanM "noun, loanword, Pali" Dhyana; meditation; thought; concentration of mind; one-pointed meditation

Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with your Thai.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

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John Arne Nakim
Tuesday at 6:01 am
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I dont find a lesson with ฌ ? Do you have here somewhere?


Regards John

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:59 am
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Hello Bill,


Thank you for the question.

This lesson doesn't have a Vocabulary section.

If you're interested in the words mentioned in the video, please check them in our free dictionary:

https://www.thaipod101.com/thai-dictionary/


Let us know if you have any further questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team ThaiPod101.com

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Bill
Friday at 6:57 am
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why no vocab drill on words used in lesson?

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Ryan
Monday at 11:17 pm
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Parisa,


Your response partially helped. I had to review my note and after reviewing,I noticed that it is a short vowel, but it counts as a long vowel for determining the tone. Your response makes it sound like it's a long vowel, which is not t true via the lesson on that vowel.


Still, thank you for your reply, it motivated me to review my notes on the vowel


Ryan

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ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 12:08 am
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Hello Ryan,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. The word เขา is rising tone because vowel เ-า is considered as a long vowel so the word เขา is a life syllable, high class consonant ข life syllable equate "rising tone". Hope that help. Please let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help you. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a great day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com