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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the tone marks mái-èek and mái-thoo. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about the other 2 tone marks…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
First up, let's learn about the third tone mark. It's called ไม้ตรี (mái dtrii). It's very easy to remember the name of ไม้ตรี because it sounds like "3" and it's the third tone mark. As you'll see in a future lesson, the shape of ไม้ตรี is exactly the same as the Thai number 7.
To write ไม้ตรี we begin with a small clockwise head. Then we come up and make almost a heart shape. Then there is a sharp hook and the line goes off to the upper right. ไม้ตรี
The rule for using ไม้ตรี with middle class consonants is:
Middle class consonants with ไม้ตรี make a high tone.
One common word that is spelled using ไม้ตรี is โต๊ะ (dtó), which means "table".
The initial consonant is ต. And the vowel is สระ โอะ. There is no final consonant, so we write สระ โอะ using สระ โอ to the left of the consonant and สระ อะ to the right, which indicates that it's a short vowel. Without a tone mark, this would be a low tone since it has a middle class consonant with a dead ending.
However, by writing ไม้ตรี above the consonant, โต๊ะ becomes high tone.
If you've ever been to Bangkok I'm sure you've heard this next word. Can you read it? Here we have the initial middle class consonant ต with the short vowel สระ อุ written below it. Above the letter we have the tone mark ไม้ตรี making a high tone. And the final consonant is ก. So this would be ตุ๊ก (dtúk).
But then we also have the symbol for repeating, ไม้ยมก (mái-yá-mók). It tells us to say the syllable twice. So we have ตุ๊ก ๆ (dtúk-dtúk).
In case you don't know, ตุ๊ก ๆ is the name for the 3-wheeled taxis that you find in Bangkok and other Thai cities.
Let's write ตุ๊ก ๆ together.
ต, สระ อุ , ไม้ตรี , ก, ไม้ยมก.
ตุ๊ก ๆ (dtúk-dtúk).
Now it's time to talk about the fourth and final tone mark. This one is called ไม้จัตวา (mái-jàt-dtà-waa). It just looks like a small plus sign that we can write above the initial consonant. The rule for using ไม้จัตวา and middle class consonants is:
Middle class initial consonant + ไม้จัตวา = rising tone.
One word that uses ไม้จัตวา is เจ๋ง (jěeng).
เจ๋ง is kind of a slang word that means "cool". We write เจ๋ง using จ for the initial consonant. The vowel สระ เอ is written to the left of the initial consonant. We place ไม้จัตวา above the consonant. And the final consonant ง is on the right.
The tone mark ไม้จัตวา gives เจ๋ง a rising tone.
Let's write เจ๋ง together.
สระ เอ, จ , ไม้จัตวา, ง. เจ๋ง (jěeng)
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
The number of words that use ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา are relatively few compared with the number of words that use ไม้เอก and ไม้โท. But very often, words that are spelled using ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา are loanwords from Chinese. Many types of food that are popular in Thailand originated in Southern China. Since Chinese is also a tonal language, we need to use tone marks to copy the original names of Chinese food.
Do you know the Thai word for "a state"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn what it is, and most of all, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

44 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write using ไม้ตรี and ไม้จัตวา?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:01 AM
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Hello Munna,


Thank you. Yes, that's right. Mai Dtrii and Mai Jattawa do not apply to HIGH and LOW consonants. You're tone rules term are correct. 👍 Great job! Please feel free to let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Munna
Sunday at 11:32 PM
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Hi

Can someone clarify something for me.

I could have sworn I saw a video which said Mai Dtrii and Mai Jattawa do not apply to HIGH and LOW consonants is that right?


If that is correct then that means :

LOW and HIGH Class - only Mai Ekk and Mai Thoo

MIDDLE Class - All apply


In terms of rules :

LOW + Mai Ekk = Falling

LOW + Mai Thoo = High

MIDDLE + Mai Ekk = Low

MIDDLE + Mai Thoo = Falling

MIDDLE + Mai Dtrii = High

MIDDLE + Mai Jattawa = Rising

HIGH + Mai Ekk = Low

HIGH + Mai Thoo = Falling


Please help to correct me if I am wrong.

Thank you

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:05 PM
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Hi Sol,


Thank you for posting.

Only the lessons with vocabulary section have Quiz as it's connected to and generated from it.


Let us know if you have any questions.😄👍

Cheers,

Lena

Team ThaiPod101.com

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:53 PM
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Hello Sol,


Thank you. we glad you enjoy our lessons. I will suggest. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Sol
Monday at 11:40 PM
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The quiz at the end of the previous lessons were really helpful. Hope they get added to this ant the other lessons that don't have it.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:58 PM
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Hi สวัสดีค่ะ Stanley,


ขอบคุณค่ะ Thank you. Hopefully our team will come up with solution. Mean while you could write them down yourself. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Stanley Canfield
Tuesday at 12:35 PM
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I kinda miss the vocabulary lists from the last few lessons ...

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:01 PM
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Hi Peron,


Thank you. Unfortunately our writter forgot the one, but not a big deal. Here let me help you. ฌ เฌอ chaaw-chooe is low class consonant, It make the sound "ch'' sound as an initial consonant and make "t stop" final sound. Here are some examples words, ฌอน Sean; Shaun; Shawn [an English given name], ฌาน "chaan" means "Dhyana; meditation; thought; concentration of mind; one-pointed meditation". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We hope you will make good progress with Thai.

Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Peron Bakr
Wednesday at 07:37 PM
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สวัดีครับ


I was curious... there seems to be one letter missing: ฌ (choo-choe). I've gone over all the lessons again and can not find it mentioned in any of the lessons. Can you tell me about this letter, please?


ขอบคุณครับ


เพ็ร์รี่

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:33 AM
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Hi Tomas,


Thank you. Let me help you with tone marks.

For Middle class and high class are same rules.

mái-èek gives low tone

mái-thoo gives falling tone

mái-dtrii gives high tone

mái-jàt-dtà-waa gives rising tone.

For low class consonants is a bit different.

mái-èek gives falling tone

mái-thoo gives high tone

นาน mid tone(...for a long time) น่าน falling tone (name of one province in Thailand) น้าน high tone (not a word)

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com