Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson we learned 2 Thai consonants and one vowel. Do you remember them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn 3 more consonants and your first tone rule. Ready to start? Then let's go!
The 3 consonants that you're going to learn are all low class consonants. The first one is ง (ngaaw nguu). It makes the sound "ng" just like the N-G at the end of the word "sing". This sound is not difficult for English speakers. You just have to get used to making the sound "ng" at the beginning of words too. ง is also named after an animal. Can you guess which one? งู means "snake”.
You can remember the shape of this letter easily. Just think of a snake with its body bent.
Get out your pen and paper, and let's practice writing it together. Start with the head, drop down, then veer up at an angle. It's easy, right?
The next consonant you'll learn is ย (yaaw yák). As the initial sound of a syllable it makes the sound "y" just like the letter Y in "yes". As the final sound of a syllable, it adds a sound "i" that blends with the vowel, just like the Y at the end of the words "say" and "boy". And if you're wondering about the name of ย, the word ยักษ์ means a giant.
ย is distinctive because it's the only Thai letter with two bumps on one side like this.
Let's write ย together. The head goes counter-clockwise. We make 2 bumps, and then come back to the top at a right angle.
Time for our last consonant. This one is called ว (waaw wǎaen). It makes the sound "w" like the W in "water". But when it is the final consonant in a syllable, it blends with the vowel to add a slight "o" sound. The name of ว comes from the word แหวน (wǎaen), which means "ring".
Let's write ว together. Start with the head at the bottom and curl to the left.
We've now learned 5 consonants plus the long vowel sound สระ อา (aa), which we can use to make words. Every syllable in Thai has one of five tones: mid, low, falling, high, or rising. You can always figure out the tone of a syllable by how it is spelled. The first thing to know is the class of the consonant. All the consonants we've learned so far are low class.
The next thing to know is if the syllable ending is live or dead. A live ending is one that makes it possible to keep resonating the sound. Syllables that end in long vowels are live. Do you remember the word for "rice field"? It was นา (naa). This is a live syllable because if I wanted to I could extend the length of the word and say นาาาาาาาา (naaaaaaaaa). As long as I don't run out of breath, the sound goes on forever, so it is a live ending.
The 5 consonant sounds we've learned are the only ones that can end a syllable and make the ending live. For example, you can keep making the sounds "mmmmmmmm" or "nnnnnnnnn" for as long as you like, but you could not do it with “t” or “ch”.
So now that we know what a live sound is, we can learn our first tone rule, which is:
Low class initial consonant + live ending = mid tone.
A mid tone is pronounced at a flat pitch in the middle of your regular vocal range.
นา (naa) is an example of a mid tone syllable. [slowly] นา
Now let's use the tone rule to make some words.
ง, สระ อา, น makes งาน (ngaan).
งาน means "work".
The "n" sound of น makes it a live syllable, so it is mid tone, งาน (ngaan).
Ok, try to write it. ง, า, น...งาน
The next word is ยาว (yaao), which means "long". We write ยาว with ย, สระ อา, ว.
ย is a low class consonant to start the syllable, and ว at the end makes it a live syllable. So it's also mid tone, ยาว (yaao)
Your turn to write it! ย, า, ว...ยาว
The last word is นาย (naai), which means "boss". We write นาย with น, สระ อา, ย.
Again, it is mid tone because it has an initial low class consonant and has a live ending.
Okay, one more for you to write. น, า, ย...นาย
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
Thai doesn't have a "v" sound like the letter V in "Valentine". So Thai speakers use the letter ว in foreign words that contain the letter V. A lot of newer Thai words are loanwords from English, while much of the Thai base vocabulary consists of words that come from Indian languages such as Sanskrit and Pali.
Do you know how to say "good" in Thai? in the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to say it, and how to write it too. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

74 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What words can you write using ง (Ngaaw nguu), ย(Yaaw yák) or ว (Waaw wǎaen)?

Matt
Thursday at 06:24 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi, I'm wondering why certain things are free but the rest I have to pay a membership to view the material? I love this website don't get me wrong I'm just wondering why?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดี Lo,


Thank you very much for your like! We hope you enjoy studying with us.😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Lo
Sunday at 12:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

👍👍👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello เดวิด,


Thank you. Do you finished all "Thai alphabet made easy" videos? There are 25 videos lesson we covered them all. https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson-library/thai-alphabet-made-easy

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Thursday at 05:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I want to learn the rest of the rules about how consonant classes and live / dead syllables result in tones being pronounced. Only one such explanation was given in this video.


I already learned the Thai alphabet. That being said, is there a single video that covers all the spoken tone rules?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:24 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Hannah,


Thank you. In the word แหวน ห is silent, it is there just because of the tone. ว can not make rising tone by itself so we added ห there to help it. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Hannah
Thursday at 07:25 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi, I want to ask why แหวน (wǎaen) sounds like wǎaen?

The consonant ห has a 'h' sound, and แ makes a long vowel 'ae:' sound,

but why the word doesn't have a 'h' sound?

How to spell this word correctly? Thanks!

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:37 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดี Joshua,


You're welcome. You'll manage to learn them, don't worry! It's just a matter of time and you'll get used to them. 😇

If you have any questions, let us know. 😉


Wishing you good luck with your Thai,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joshua Cruz
Thursday at 03:29 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

damn, those three consonants are a killer! thanks for the effort ThaiPod101!

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:06 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Lily,


Thank you. Yes, that's right. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com