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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ถ, ฐ , ฎ and ฏ. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn how to write 2 more low class consonants.
Ready to start? Then let's go!
Here is the consonant ฑ (thaaw mon-thoo). The letter is named after the character (mon-thoo) from Thailand's national epic poem. As an initial consonant, ฑ usually makes the sound "th" just like ท ทหาร, but sometimes it can also make the sound “d” just like ด เด็ก. As a final consonant, it makes a T-stop.
The shape of ฑ looks almost the same as the letter ท. The only difference is that ฑ has a little bump after drawing the head before making the first vertical line. ฑ and ท make the same sound. So that should help you to remember ฑ.
Let's practice writing ฑ. Got your pen ready. OK, here we go.
Start with a small clockwise head. Then make a curved line with an indentation. Draw a line straight down. Then come back up and make a hump going to the right side.
The next letter is ฒ (thaaw phûu-thâo).
The word ผู้เฒ่า (phûu-thâo) means "old man". ฒ also makes the same sound as ฑ and ท.
If you look at the shape of ฒ, you can see that it appears like a combination of the letters ต and ม
Let's practice writing ฒ.
Start with a clockwise head, and draw the shape of the letter ต. Then blend this into the shape of the letter ม.
ฑ and ฒ are both very rarely used. But one word that contains ฒ is พัฒนา (phát-thá-naa), which means "to develop".
When you look at the word พัฒนา you might see only 2 syllables, but it is actually said with 3 syllables.
The first syllable has the initial consonant พ, the vowel สระ อะ written with ไม้หันอากาศ , and the final consonant ฒ. Then we use ฒ again to be the initial consonant for the second syllable, which has an unwritten vowel สระ อะ. The third syllable has an initial consonant น followed by the vowel สระ อา.
There are many words in Thai where one letter will get used twice. First as the final consonant for one syllable, and also as the initial consonant for a syllable with an unwritten สระ อะ . It's not always obvious where this will happen, so you have to pay attention when you are learning new words.
We can use ฑ to write the word ครุฑ (khrút), which is the Thai name of the mythical animal, Garuda. The word ครุฑ begins with an initial consonant cluster.
If you remember, ร is one of only 3 letters that can make a cluster when you put it after another consonant. So the 2 consonants ค and ร combine to make the sound "khr".
Then the short vowel สระ อุ is written underneath. And finally ฑ is the final consonant. ครุฑ is said with a high tone because of the rule: low class consonants with dead syllables and short vowels make high tone.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Points.
Getting the wrong tone can totally change the meaning of a word in Thai. If you say the wrong tone when speaking, Thai people can sometimes figure out what you mean from the context. But other times they will think they hear a different word, and they'll be totally confused. This is where learning to read and write Thai really helps. If you can remember how to spell a word then you should automatically know the correct tone for it as well once you know all the tone rules.
Do you know how to say "new" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn this new word, and most importantly, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write with the letters you've learned so far?

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 11:37 pm
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Hi Joel,


Thank you for posting.


There are 4 types of accounts on ThaiPod101: Free Lifetime Account, Basic, Premium, and Premium PLUS.


When you sign up for ThaiPod101 for the first time, you have a 7-day Premium trial to check the entire site out. After those 7 days, you're a Free user... which means you have access to all our new lessons that we publish and the first 3 of every series.


It costs nothing to register and start listening to these lessons. It will only cost if you'd like to upgrade and access more lessons and features.


Hope this answered your question!


Best Regards,

Cristiane

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joel
Tuesday at 1:55 pm
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hello i was watching Thai Alphabet Made Easy on free trial and until episode 20 i am unable to load any of the video or download the video. is there a problem with the server as now when i try any video from 1-19 it doesnt work also. Thank you

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:51 am
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Hello again ML,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. พัฒนา /พัด-ทะ-นา/

พัด or พัฒ low class consonant with dead ending and short vowel = hight tone

ทะ or ฒะ low class consonant with short vowel = dead syllable = hight tone

นา low class consonant with long vowel = life syllable = midtone

Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:49 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello ML,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. พัฒนา /พัด-ทะ-นา/

พัด low class consonant with dead ending and short vowel = hight tone

ทะ low class consonant with short vowel = dead syllable = hight tone

นา low class consonant with long vowel = life syllable = midtone

Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

ML
Tuesday at 1:18 am
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What are the tones for พัฒนา? Would it be high (low class consonant with dead ending and short vowel) + middle (low class consonant with live ending) + middle (low class consonant with live ending)?

www.thaipod101.com
Saturday at 12:10 am
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Hello Amanda,


Thank you very much for your comment. For your question, *open syllable* means "begin syllable". Hope that help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Amanda
Wednesday at 7:26 pm
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Hey,


In your response to Benson you wrote '- A syllable starting with ใ or ไ is an open syllable.'


Could you tell me what you mean by *open syllable* (what is it?)


Thank you,

Amanda

www.thaipod101.com
Tuesday at 2:10 pm
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Hello from Thailand Henrique,


Thank you very much for your comment. Nice to meet you. For your question, there are many words in Thai that you have to remember how to spell them because we don't have rule of how and why we spell them the way there are. One reason that it will be a word from Bali or Sanskrit. My suggestion is you try to remember individual word at the first time you learn how to pronounce them. Please ask me if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Henrique
Sunday at 7:19 pm
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Hi Parisa,


I have a question. Why is "ะ" unwritten in the second syllable in the word "พัฒนา" ? Greetings from Portugal (^_^)v



Thanks,

Henrique

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 3:14 am
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Hi again Benson,


For your first question, here are examples of ฑ as a "d" initial consonant ฑาก daa-gà "pickled vegetable", บัณฑิต ban-dìt "person with a bachelor's degree; graduate" and บัณเฑาะก์ ban-dàw "eunuch".

2. Here are rules that will help you figure out where Thai word begin and end:

- The preposed vowels (เ แ โ ใ ไ) start a syllable.

- ะ ends a syllable (unless it is followed by a consonant with the symbol อ์ as in the word เคราะห์ . These exceptions are rare. The symbol อ์ is called การันต์ /gaaM ranM/ or gaaran.)

- Except for European loan words (such as กอล์ฟ /gaawpH/), gaaran ends a syllable.

- A syllable starting with ใ or ไ is an open syllable.

- อั and อ็ do not appear over a syllable final consonant.

- Sometimes two consonants form an initial cluster together; a tone mark, if any, will appear on the second consonant of such a cluster.

- อำ ends a syllable.

3. In the word พัฒนา their is no unwritten โ_ะ in the middle of ฒ and น, because ฒ and น did not make a cluster together and also this is how we pronounce พัฒนา phát-thá-naa.


Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com