Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ถ, ฐ , ฎ and ฏ. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn how to write 2 more low class consonants.
Ready to start? Then let's go!
Here is the consonant ฑ (thaaw mon-thoo). The letter is named after the character (mon-thoo) from Thailand's national epic poem. As an initial consonant, ฑ usually makes the sound "th" just like ท ทหาร, but sometimes it can also make the sound “d” just like ด เด็ก. As a final consonant, it makes a T-stop.
The shape of ฑ looks almost the same as the letter ท. The only difference is that ฑ has a little bump after drawing the head before making the first vertical line. ฑ and ท make the same sound. So that should help you to remember ฑ.
Let's practice writing ฑ. Got your pen ready. OK, here we go.
Start with a small clockwise head. Then make a curved line with an indentation. Draw a line straight down. Then come back up and make a hump going to the right side.
The next letter is ฒ (thaaw phûu-thâo).
The word ผู้เฒ่า (phûu-thâo) means "old man". ฒ also makes the same sound as ฑ and ท.
If you look at the shape of ฒ, you can see that it appears like a combination of the letters ต and ม
Let's practice writing ฒ.
Start with a clockwise head, and draw the shape of the letter ต. Then blend this into the shape of the letter ม.
ฑ and ฒ are both very rarely used. But one word that contains ฒ is พัฒนา (phát-thá-naa), which means "to develop".
When you look at the word พัฒนา you might see only 2 syllables, but it is actually said with 3 syllables.
The first syllable has the initial consonant พ, the vowel สระ อะ written with ไม้หันอากาศ , and the final consonant ฒ. Then we use ฒ again to be the initial consonant for the second syllable, which has an unwritten vowel สระ อะ. The third syllable has an initial consonant น followed by the vowel สระ อา.
There are many words in Thai where one letter will get used twice. First as the final consonant for one syllable, and also as the initial consonant for a syllable with an unwritten สระ อะ . It's not always obvious where this will happen, so you have to pay attention when you are learning new words.
We can use ฑ to write the word ครุฑ (khrút), which is the Thai name of the mythical animal, Garuda. The word ครุฑ begins with an initial consonant cluster.
If you remember, ร is one of only 3 letters that can make a cluster when you put it after another consonant. So the 2 consonants ค and ร combine to make the sound "khr".
Then the short vowel สระ อุ is written underneath. And finally ฑ is the final consonant. ครุฑ is said with a high tone because of the rule: low class consonants with dead syllables and short vowels make high tone.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Points.
Getting the wrong tone can totally change the meaning of a word in Thai. If you say the wrong tone when speaking, Thai people can sometimes figure out what you mean from the context. But other times they will think they hear a different word, and they'll be totally confused. This is where learning to read and write Thai really helps. If you can remember how to spell a word then you should automatically know the correct tone for it as well once you know all the tone rules.
Do you know how to say "new" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn this new word, and most importantly, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

34 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What Thai words can you write with the letters you've learned so far?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:54 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Kuroi,


Thank you. Yes, only by learning vocabulary and know how to write a particular word. For Thai kid growing up we always have spelling test in Thai class. ย is more commonly use than ญ and ส is more commonly use than ศ ษ. 👍 Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kuroi
Tuesday at 05:48 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

At this point, I have one huge question : many letters have the same tone class and same sound as an initial consonant like ย and ญ, or ศ ษ ส. so how to recognize them ? Or it's only by learning vocabulary and know how to write a particular word ?


thank you =3

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:22 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Josh,


Thank you for let us know. You can check this out. https://www.thaipod101.com/member/member_upnewapi.php?src=upgrade_compare Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Josh
Tuesday at 11:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

hello! i was wondering why i cant click to watch the video if i click play it tells me i need to upgrade my plan but i cant afford to pay what do i do?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:40 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดีค่ะ Nathy


ใช่ค่ะ พัฒนา pát-tá-naa เรียนสิบวัน เก่งนะคะ เรียนไปอีกนะคะ ฉันคิดว่าคุณจะต้องเก่งมากแน่ๆเลย Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Nathy
Sunday at 01:10 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Parisa,


I'm just started learning Thai, so It's my 10th day actually. I hope someday I can get used with tones. So about พัฒนา, พั will be high tone (low class consonat + dead ending), ฒ will be high tone (low class consonant + silent vowel/dead ending), นา will be mid tone (low class consonant + live ending). Is it right?


Thank You for all :)

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 02:45 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Kenneth,


Thank you for comment. There is no real reason why we change, just time gone by old letter been less used and we created new letter to used. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kenneth
Thursday at 07:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Good day! May I know the reason why ฑ และ ฒ was developed since thwy both have the same sound and are both the same class? I think being able to know the history of a letter really helps in learning and remembering thank you very much

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:33 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

สวัสดีค่ะ จอห์น


ยินดีเสมอค่ะ มีอะไรก็ถามเข้ามาได้นะคะ


ขอบคุณค่ะ

Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

จอห์น
Friday at 01:21 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ขอบคุณมากนะครับคุณครู 😄www.thai-language.com มีข้อมูลที่ดีครับ