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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ฬ and ฆ. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 2 obsolete letters plus some rare vowels…
Ready to start? Then let's go!
The Thai alphabet has 44 consonants, but two of them are considered obsolete and not used in the modern spellings of any words. The names of these letters are ฃ (khǎaw khùuat) and ฅ (khaaw khon). They look just like the consonants ข and ค with an extra indentation drawn on the top of each. Both of these letters would make the same "kh" sound as ข and ค if they were used in any words. But even the words that these two letters are named after are now spelled using ข and ค.
You don’t spend much time on ฃ and ฅ as they don’t appear in words in modern use. Just be aware that they are still counted as letters of the alphabet.
Now let's move on to learn the last 4 of the official vowels. From left to right they are ฤ (rúe) ฤๅ (ruue) ฦ (lúe) ฦๅ (luue).
These 4 are different from other Thai vowels because they don't have สระ (sà-rà) in their names.
They are also different because they are a combination of consonant and vowel sounds. ฤ is usually pronounced as a combination of ร and สระ อึ. However, there are some words in which it is pronounced as a combination of ร and สระ อิ instead.
ฤๅ is pronounced like a combination of ร and the long vowel สระ อื.
They are both written like the letter ถ with an extra long line. Then ฤๅ has what looks like an extra long สระ อา on it's right side.
The other pair of vowels is similar, except they are pronounced like a combination of ล with the vowel sounds สระ อึ or สระ อื.
ฦ and ฦๅ are written like ฤ and ฤๅ except that the heads are sticking out on the left side of the letters.
Even though ฦ and ฦๅ are still taught and still found in the dictionary, you will almost certainly never encounter a word that contains them. They are part of the Thai writing system due to the Sanskrit origins of the Thai alphabet. But even in India, there were very few Sanskrit words that included these two letters. However, every Thai elementary school student is taught these two letters, as they are part of the official 32 vowels in Thai.
The letters ฦ and ฦๅ are not easy to find in any words, but ฤ and ฤๅ on the other hand are used in some common words. One example is the word ฤดู (rúe-duu), which means "season".
The short vowel ฤ acts like a combination of ร and สระ อึ for the tone rule, as well as for the sound. So the word ฤดู has two syllables. The first syllable is made up of the letter ฤ. It is high tone because it acts like a low class consonant with a dead syllable ending and a short vowel.
Let’s practice writing ฤดู together.
ฤดู
Here is the word อังกฤษ (ang-grìt), which means "English". อังกฤษ has 2 syllables. The first syllable has the initial silent consonant อ, the vowel สระ อะ written with ไม้หันอากาศ, and the final consonant ง. The second syllable has the initial consonant ก, the vowel ฤ pronounced as ริ (ri), together they make the sound “กริ” (gri) like a consonant cluster ก and ร with the vowel สระ อิ. Then the final consonant ษ makes a T-stop. The last syllable has a low tone because it has a middle class initial consonant with a dead syllable ending.
Let's practice writing อังกฤษ together.
อ, ไม้หันอากาศ, ง, ก, ฤ , ษ.
อังกฤษ (ang-grìt).
Now let's move on to a new tone rule.
Here is the tone mark mái-thoo, which you first learned about in lesson 17.
In that lesson, we learned that the rule for using mái-thoo with middle class consonants is:
Middle class consonants with mái-thoo make falling tone. Like in the word แก้ว (gâaeo).
The good news is that mái-thoo affects high class consonants in the exact same way. So the rule is:
High class consonants with mái-thoo make a falling tone.
Now let's apply these rules to some real-life example with common Thai words.
Here is an extremely important word for Thailand. It says ข้าว (khâao), which means "rice". The word ข้าว has the initial high class consonant ข. Then the vowel is สระ อา , and the final consonant is ว.
Without a tone mark, we'd have the word ขาว (khǎao) with a rising tone, which is the color "white".
However, when we write mái-thoo over the initial consonant, it gives ข้าว a falling tone.
Another very important word is ให้ (hâi), which means "to give" or "to allow". ให้ is one of the most common words used in the Thai language. So we should memorize how to spell it correctly. From left to right we have the vowel สระ ใอ ไม้ม้วน, the high class consonant ห , and the tone mark ไม้โท written above.
ไม้โท gives the word ให้ a falling tone.
Now it's time for Pradthana’s Points.
After learning how to read Thai, if you ever visit Thailand's neighbor Laos you'll notice that their writing looks very similar. Thai and Lao are in fact very closely related languages and their alphabets are closely related too. So once you can read Thai, learning to read Lao is relatively easy.
Did you know that there is a special way to write numbers in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write the first 3 Thai numerals! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

63 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What word can you write using at least one of the letters you just learned in this lesson?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:37 PM
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Hi Hernan,


Thank you. Yes, there is one letter missing in our series. ฌ เฌอ chaaw-chooe is low class consonant, It make the sound "ch'' sound as an initial consonant and make "t stop" final sound. Here are some examples words, ฌอน Sean; Shaun; Shawn [an English given name], ฌาน "chaan" means "Dhyana; meditation; thought; concentration of mind; one-pointed meditation". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Hernan
Sunday at 06:47 AM
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It looks like this is the end of the consonants but I only counted 43 that we went through, did I miss one or was it not covered?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:58 PM
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Hi Sam,


Thank you. Those are not vowel. Looks like they are vowel and consonant ย which make the sound "i" blend with all vowel

อา become อาย aai ขาย ยาย ซ้าย

โอ become โอย ooi โดย โปรย

เออ become เอย ooei เขย เฉย เลย เนย

อัว become อวย uuai รวย สวย หมวย

เอือ become เอือย uueai เลื้อย เลื่อย เรื่อยๆ

ว make the sound "o" at the end of syllable and blend it sound with every vowel:

เอะ become เอว eo เร็ว เลว

แอว aaeo แล้ว แมว

อาว aao สาว ลาว ขาว ยาว

เอียว iiao เลี้ยว liiao(high tone)

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

sam
Wednesday at 05:57 AM
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Hi Parisa,


I went trough all your lessons and really enjoyed, but regarding the vowels section i couldn't find anything in your course about Sara + yo yak (สระอา + ย, สระออ + ย, สระโอ + ย, สระเออ + ย, สระอัว + ย, สระเอือ + ย) and also Sara + wo waen (สระเอ + ว, สระแอ + ว, สระอา + ว, สระเอีย + ว). Its because this combination of vowels are not very common or not in use? thank you

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:40 AM
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Hi Michaela,


Thank you. ฤดู has two syllable, the first syllable is ฤ pronounced as "รึ" high tone(low class consonant + short vowel = high tone) ฤ is a Sanskrit ligature (consonant and vowel combination) which can be pronounced as ริ (ฤทธิ์ ) or รึ (พฤกษา ) or เรอ (ฤกษ์ ). The character is not normally listed in the Thai alphabet although appearing between ร and ล in Thai alphabetical order

and the second syllable is ดู mid tone(middle class consonant(ด) + long vowel = midtone). ดู ending is long vowel so it is a life syllable not dead. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Michaela
Sunday at 05:25 PM
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Hi,


Why does ฤดู is a high tone? shouldn't that be a falling tone? since ดู has a dead ending + long vowel?


Thank you.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:28 AM
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Hi Joel,


Thank you very much for your comment and question.We're really apologized for the mistake of not cover the letter. ฌ "chaaw-(ga)-chooe". ฌ เฌอ is low class consonant, It make the sound "ch" sound as an initial consonant and make "t stop" final sound. Here are some examples words, ฌอน Sean; Shaun; Shawn [an English given name], ฌาน "chaan" means "Dhyana; meditation; thought; concentration of mind; one-pointed meditation". Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joel
Friday at 05:11 PM
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Hello,


Where is the lesson of this low class consonant ฌ (cho choe). I didn't see it.


Best regards,

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:05 AM
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Hi Tim,


Thank you. For sound only I think you could but the vowel you add is incorrecct, it is not อี it is อิ อัง-กริท. As Thai phonetic we would write อังกฤษ /อัง-กริด **Thai phonetic/ 👍👍👍 I would recommend you to remember this version. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tim Nyap Ming
Friday at 04:40 PM
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Hi there.


Is it possible to write the word Anggrit in another way apart from the one written above in this lesson, like this - อิงกรีท? Can ท thaw-taa-haan be used in the word Anggrit?