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สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the numbers ๑, ๒, and ๓. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn how to write the next 3 Thai numerals.
Are you ready to start? Then let's go!
Here is the number "4" or สี่ (sìi) in Thai.
To write it, we start with a counter-clockwise head, then make a little hook pointing to the bottom right. From there, the line curves over to the left and above the rest of the number.
And this is the number "5", or ห้า (hâa) in Thai.
It looks almost the same as the number 4. The only difference is the line has a loop added at the top.
Then here is the number "6", or หก (hòk) in Thai.
We write หก using a small counter-clockwise head. Then the line continues to make the shape of a backwards letter C. And finally there is a little tail that sticks out to the upper left, which tails off at the last part of the letter.
Are you ready to practice writing?
Let's try all the numbers up to six starting from the 3 we learned in the previous lesson. Here we go:
๑​, ๒,​ ๓,​ ๔, ​๕,​ ๖
Now see if you can read this number:
The digits are 3, 6, and 5.
So it's 365, or สามร้อยหกสิบห้า (sǎam-ráawy hòk-sìp-hâa) in Thai.
Do you know how to read this word?
You might expect this combination of letters to make the sound เออิ (ee-i). But this is a special pattern that you have to remember. The vowel in this word is actually not สระ เอ but สระ เออ which you learned in lesson 13. Do you remember how to write words with สระ เออ?
With no final consonant, สระ เออ was written with สระ เอ on the left and อ on the right of a letter. And with a final consonant, it was written with สระ เอ on the left and สระ อิ above the letter.
So you might expect we would just add ย to the end of this and write เอย (ooei) with
สระ เอ, สระ อิ , and ย. But for some reason, the สระ อิ does not get written when the final consonant is ย.
A word that uses this pattern is เนย (nooei), which means "butter". As you can see the initial consonant is น, and we have the vowel sound represented with combination of สระ เอ on the left and ย on the right.
Now it's time to learn the last tone rule.
Are you excited?
This rule is about using the tone mark ไม้โท (mái-thoo) with low class consonants.
And the rule is:
Low class consonants with ไม้โท make a high tone.
One important word using this is น้ำ (nám), which means "water". น้ำ has the initial low class consonant น. The vowel is สระ อำ , and we write the tone mark mái-thoo above the consonant to give it a high tone. น้ำ (nám)
Another word is ร้านอาหาร (ráan-aa-hǎan), which means "restaurant". ร้านอาหาร is actually a compound word. The first word is ร้าน (ráan), which means "shop", and the second word is อาหาร (aa-hǎan), which means "food".
The first syllable has the initial low class consonant ร with -้ (mái-thoo) added above it to give it a high tone. The second syllable is a mid tone อา (aa), and the last syllable is a rising tone หาร (hǎan) that starts with the initial high class consonant ห.
To write the whole word ร้านอาหาร in order we use: ร, -้ (mái-thoo), สระ อา , น, อ, สระ อา, ห, สระ อา, ร.
ร้านอาหาร (ráan-aa-hǎan)
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
A good reason for learning to read Thai is being able to read Thai menus. A lot of restaurants in Thailand will hand out Thai menus to Thai customers and English menus to Foreign customers. But often the Thai menu has far more choices listed on it than the English version. So knowing how to read Thai can increase your dining options.
Did you know that even Thai has a few irregularly spelled words? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write the most common ones! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice the Thai numbers here! How do you write 46?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:58 PM
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Hi เดวิด,


That is right. 46 = ๔๖ / สี่สิบ หก but for the province we would say จังหวัด เลย / jang-wat Loei / Loei province. A little different from English speaking. Yes, this vowel is not easy. Speaker would relax and make stright sound เลย looei. 👍 Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Friday at 03:13 AM
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46 = ๔๖ / สี่สิบ หก


The first time I encountered the เ◌ย vowel was from a surprise visit to เลย จังหวัด / Loei jang-wat / Loei province.


I struggled to pronounce that place for a long time, as เ◌ย is one of the last verbs I learned, and is probably the most difficult to pronounce, because of that strange 'R' sound.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:00 PM
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Hello Joseph,


Thank you. Here is the step of checking tones.. 1 What class is an initial consonant of a syllable? 2 See if there is a tone mark? if no tone mark then = 3 What a syllable ending consonants or vowels sound "life syllable will end with (m, n, ng, y(i), w and long vowel) while dead syllable will end with (p, t,k and short vowel)". For more detail check out

https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson-library/thai-alphabet-made-easy/

เ_ย is long vowel and also end with life syllable ending ย(y,i) so you would be able to figure out tone by above condition.

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joseph
Monday at 12:31 AM
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Hi Parisa,


Does เ_ย have tone rules as well? What if it is used for middle and high-class consonants, what would be the tone rules when using this vowel sound?


Thank you!

โจเซพฮ์

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:21 PM
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Hi Joseph,


Thank you. I think we may not have. These might help. http://www.thai-language.com/ref/typographical-styles?page=52

You can download to see 3 pictures on here for all consonants. ZIP (572kb): Aleksey Golubtsov: Read Thai Fonts (on this page link: https://www.expatden.com/thai/how-to-read-different-thai-fonts-and-handwriting/ ) You could search for more online. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Joseph
Monday at 04:24 AM
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Hi,


Do you have a lesson that focuses on how letters are written and understood in different fonts? I find it hard to identify which letter is used in some texts since they don't have a head. Yes, I did come across on one lesson here on one of ปรารถนาค่ะ points but I still find it hard to identify which is which for other letter. Hope there will be a lesson for that the soonest.


Thank you!

โจเซพฮ์ (Joseph) did I do my name right? 😅

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:23 PM
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Hello Kong Yew Wan,


We're glad we help you figure out now. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kong Yew Wan
Monday at 11:59 AM
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So this is the reason why เลย is pronounced so strangely plus it is a very common word! I have been wondering about this for a long time.

ThaiPod101.com
Monday at 08:17 PM
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Hello Sapna,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. 'ศ' , 'ส' and 'ษ' make the same sound "S as the initial consonant and T stop as a final consonant." which one to used, check out and memorized the spelling of a word. 'ด' and 'ฎ' are share same initial and final sound "D and T stop" but ด is more commonly used. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Sapna
Sunday at 05:07 PM
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Thank you so much for the answer. But I'm still a but confused on how to differentiate between 'ศ' , 'ส' and 'ษ'. Do all of them have the same pronounciation? I have the same problem with 'ด' and 'ฎ'.