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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson we learned 3 low class consonants ง, ย and ว. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn a few middle class consonants plus a new vowel.
Ready to start? Then let's go!
The first new consonant for this lesson is ก (gaaw gài). ไก่ (gài) means "chicken". This letter actually looks a little bit like a chicken's head with its beak pointing to the left. The sound of ก as the initial consonant of a syllable is "g". It is very similar to a hard G or an unaspirated K.
Do you remember live syllable endings from the last lesson? Well, ก makes a dead syllable ending instead. We can call the ending sound made by ก a "K stop", because all you do is stop the sound by closing off the passage of air at the back of your throat. It is like trying to say a "k" sound but without letting any air come out of your mouth.
ก is one of only two Thai consonants that doesn't have a head. To write it, just start on the lower left, go up and make a sharp hook, then come down on the right side.
Another middle class consonant is ด (daaw dèk). เด็ก (dèk) means "child". As the initial consonant of a syllable, ด makes the sound "d" just like letter D in "diamond". ด also makes a dead sound when it's the final consonant. We can call its sound a "T stop" because you stop the sound by closing off the air in your mouth by touching your tongue near your teeth. It is like you are trying to make a "t" sound without releasing any air. You can remember the shape of ด by thinking that the bottom is pointed like a diamond.
We write ด with a clockwise head in the center. The line continues to make a point, and the line bends around to the right side.
The third consonant you'll learn today is บ (baaw bai-máai). ใบไม้ (bai-máai) means "leaf". As the initial consonant of a syllable, บ makes the sound "b" like the B in "bucket". You can also think about the shape of บ as a bucket, which might help you remember its sound. We can call its ending sound "P stop" because we shut of the flow of air by closing our lips. Try making a "p" sound without opening your lips. That's what the syllable ending sound of บ is like.
บ is very easy to write. It's just like ม or น without a loop at the bottom. Start with a clockwise head and then add 3 straight lines. That's it!
Congratulations! You now know all of the final consonant sounds in Thai. I know what you're thinking... Don't we have a lot more letters to learn? We do, but all of the remaining consonants share one of the final sounds that you've already learned. So, no more new complicated final sounds!
Do you remember the first tone rule we learned? It was...
Low class initial consonant + live ending = mid tone.
One example was the word นาน (naan).
The next tone rule is very similar, so it will be easy to remember. It is...
Middle class initial consonant + live ending = mid tone.
Let's try using the middle class consonants we learned to make some words with this rule. But first I want to show you one new vowel.
This is สระ อี (sà-rà ii). It is a long vowel that makes the sound "ii" like the E-E in "green". สระ อี is written above a consonant. For example, here is the word ดี (dii), which means "good". We write the consonant ด first. And then put สระ อี on top. ดี is mid tone because it has a middle class consonant with a long vowel, which gives a live ending.
When writing สระ อี you should start on the right side and draw a line to the left, then make a curved line above that goes back to the right. Then a short vertical line.
Now let's write another word. Start with ก and add สระ อา. Together, that makes กา (gaa), which means "crow".
กา also has a middle class consonant with a long vowel, so it's mid tone.
Now you try to write it. ก,า...กา
Here is one more word. Can you read it?
It's บาน (baan) which means "to bloom".
บาน is also mid tone. Why?
Well, it has an initial middle class consonant and a live ending.
Let's write บาน together.
บ, สระ อา, น...บาน
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
Practice recognizing Thai consonants and vowels by reading through the vocabulary lists and conversation transcripts on ThaiPod101.com. You won't recognize every letter just yet, but it's great practice for the ones you *do* know, and you can start to get familiar with the shapes of the rest.
Do you know the Thai word for "washing clothes"? You'll learn how to read it while adding a new tone in the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

42 Comments

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What words can you write using ก (Gaaw gài), ด (Daaw dèk), บ (Baaw bai-máai), or -ี (Long i)?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:22 PM
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Hello Kong Yew Wan,


Thank you for comment. You will see a lot more exaples by study along with others lesson on the website. We provided Thai writting in all lesson. I will suggested maybe we can add more examples. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Kong Yew Wan
Monday at 12:15 PM
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It's difficult to remember to ending sounds of the letters when there are no new words with those ending sounds given as examples.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:36 PM
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Hello คิม-อัมดเระ,


Thank you for comment. No, the second syllable also end with "live ending ล (n)". Here are live ending sound "m, n , ng, y(i), w". Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

คิม-อัมดเระ
Monday at 04:52 AM
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Hey Parisa


I googled the Thai spelling of "Google": กูเกิล. Both syllables start with the same mid class consonant. The first one has a live ending, so it takes on the default tone of mid class consonants: mid tone. The second syllable however has a dead ending. That should make a low tone, right?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:38 PM
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Hello Wilfried,


Thank you for question. When two รร are together it make the sound "an" . Hope that helps. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Wilfried
Tuesday at 12:32 PM
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Thank you Parisa.

Another word which I don´t understand, how it is written: บรรยาย the romanization is ban-yaai

Why are there two ร after the บ? If ร is at the end of a syllable , it is pronounced as "n", but what happens with the other ร which is the second last letter of the syllable??

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 03:42 PM
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Hello Winfried,


Thank you for question. It just the way it is because the vowel - ำ "am" already contain "m" at the end. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Wilfried
Monday at 03:52 AM
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why the word ดำ is written without ม at the end? It is pronounced "dam".

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 09:13 PM
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Hello Barbara,


Thank you for question. Yes, there is a consonant order. Check this out. https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson/pronunciation-1-thai-consonants-on-parade/

Hope that helps. Please do not hesitate to ask if you have future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a great day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Barbara
Tuesday at 03:05 PM
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Is there a standard order that you learn the consonants in, like the English alphabet? If there is where can you find a chart of them?