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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the consonants ก, ด and บ. Do you remember how to write them?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn two more consonants plus some short vowels.
Ready to start? Then let's go!
The first consonant in this lesson is ช (chaaw cháang). Do you recognize the name of this letter? ช้าง (cháang) means "elephant". This is a low class consonant. As the initial sound of a syllable it makes a "ch" sound. When it's the final sound of a syllable, ช makes a "T stop" just like ด. This means any syllable that ends in ช will be a dead syllable.
ช may take some practice to write well, so let's try together. Start with a clockwise head then add a small curve and line going down similar to a question mark. Then the line goes to the right and back up. When it gets to the top you add a little tail that sticks out to the upper right.
The other letter that we're going to learn looks very similar to ช. This is another low class consonant. It's called ซ (saaw sôo). The word โซ่ (sôo) means "chain". ซ makes an "s" sound like the S in "sun" when it's the initial sound of a syllable. And when it's the final sound of a syllable it also makes a T stop, which is a dead sound. Can you spot the difference between these two letters? That's right. ซ just has a small indentation at the top.
Let's practice writing ซ. Follow along with your pen and paper.
We've previously learned 2 long vowels. Do you remember them? They were สระ อา and สระ อี. Now we're going to learn the short versions of these vowels.
This is สระ อะ (sà-rà à). It makes the sound อะ "à" which is similar to the A in "hat". สระ อะ is written as two small curls after a consonant.
For example, we can write น and สระ อะ to make นะ (ná), which is particle used at the end of many sentences.
Okay, your turn to write it. สระ อะ
One more word with this vowel, and a trick to watch out for: how do you think you would write the word มัน (man) which means "it"? Did you guess something like this? Actually, สระ อะ is only written this way when it comes at the end of a syllable.
When this vowel comes in the middle of a syllable, like in มัน (man), we need to write สระ อะ differently. In that case, we draw just one curl above and between the initial and final consonants.
We have a special name for this symbol. it's called ไม้หันอากาศ (máai-hǎn-aa-gàat).
Let's practice writing มัน....
ม, ไม้หันอากาศ, น, มัน (man).
The other short vowel is สระ อิ (sà-rà ì). it makes the sound "i" like the Y in "happy". สระ อิ goes above a consonant just like the long vowel สระ อี. The only difference is สระ อิ doesn't have a vertical line.
Okay, now you write it. สระ อิ
Now that we know some short vowels we can add a new tone rule!
This rule will be about syllables with dead endings.
A dead syllable occurs when it ends with a short vowel or one of the stopping sounds of K, T, and P.
So the tone rule for this lesson is...
Low class initial consonant + dead ending with a short vowel = high tone.
The same pattern with a long vowel is different, so be careful!
One example that we already had was นะ (ná). It has an initial low class consonant, and it has a dead syllable consisting of a short vowel. So it is high tone, นะ. High tone starts at a high pitch and rises very slightly, นะ.
How about the word นิด (nít), which means "tiny".
It is also high tone because it has an initial low class consonant, has a dead ending, and the vowel is short.
Now you write it. น, สระ อิ, ด...นิด.
You learned two new consonants in this lesson -- let's do a quick quiz to see if you can tell them apart.
Here are two words. One says ชัด (chát) which means "clearly". The other says ซัก (sák), which means "to wash clothes". Can you tell which is which?
ซัก is the one on the top.
And ชัด is on the bottom.
Did you get them right?
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
Say the name of each consonant, vowel, and other symbols as you practice writing words in Thai. If you get used to doing this, it will help to understand the answer whenever you ask somebody how a word is spelled.
In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write a "very" important Thai word. See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What words can you write using ช (Chaaw cháang), ซ (Saaw sôo), -ุ (Short a), or -ู (Short i)?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:00 AM
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Hi Zwe Min Thu,


Thank you. To go through these 25 lessons, would help you with all consonant classes and tone rules. You learn consonant classes because it relates to how to differentiate the tone of each syllable of Thai words.

https://www.thaipod101.com/lesson-library/thai-alphabet-made-easy

There are 21 low class consonants and 11 high class consonant(all consonants begin with rising tone sound ข ฃ ฉ ฐ ถ ผ ฝ ห ศ ษ ส 9 Middle class consonants ก จ ด ต ฎ ฏ บ ป อ All the less of consonants will automatically be low class consonant.

Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Zwe Min Thu
Friday at 03:45 PM
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I'm not sure what are low class consonant and high class consonant. Please let me know how to separate them to easy understand and remember. I'm just new learner in thai yet.So I want to know basically and fundamentally thai alphabet .

Thank you so much Thaipot101.com coz you made me happy and enjoy to learn thai easily.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:17 AM
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Hi Béatrice,


Thank you. You could use either nid or nit because sound are same. But daaw-dek make "t" stop final sound when it is at the end of a word. Here example นิด nit "daaw-dek as final consonant" / ดิน din "daaw-dek as initial consonant". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Béatrice
Wednesday at 01:30 PM
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I have a question, the word "tiny", so "nit" is written with a t at the end in romanization, but it is Daaw dek consonnant, so shouldn't it be written "nid" ?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:06 AM
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Hi Nyap Ming Tim,


Thank you. คิ the vowel is "i" base on our romanization system. I think "ee" that you use refer to vowel "ii" in our system which is a long vowel. Sound like "e" in "key", "pea". If you refer to short vowel "i" = "e". All vowel are pronouce clearly and blend with consonant it conbine to become syllable. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Nyap Ming Tim
Thursday at 01:42 PM
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Hi Team ThaiPod101. May I please ask for the sara-ee vowel on this word, ชคิ for example, I am unsure why the sara-ee is not pronounced out loud (it's silent) in this Thai alphabet? Maybe this word chat has no sara-ee vowel in it? This word that I came across if from the Thai script song lyrics. Is there a way to know whether the Thai script lyrics are correct or incorrect?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:53 AM
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Hello Eris,


Thank you. ตะวัน ตะ is written this way because there is no final consonant in a syllable so the vowel form of ะ not change. Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Eris
Tuesday at 11:49 AM
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Hello Thaipod101!


According to your rule, when writing สระ อะ and if the vowel is in between a syllable, it’s written just one curl above and between the initial and final consonants ั.


How about ตะวัน? Why the first syllable ตะ is written that way, not written this way ตัวัน?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:40 AM
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Hello เดวิด,


Thank you. You did a very good job. It is will be high tone if "the initial consonant is low class + the ending is dead + short vowel"

There will be mid tone if "the initial consonant is low class + the ending is ม, น, ง, ย, or ว + either short or long vowel".

ต make the sound "dt" as an initial and make the sound "t" as a final consonant. Check out all the letter that we say make the sound "K, T ,P" when it is at the end of a syllable. Then check out a tone rules for "dead syllable" when a syllable end with "K, T ,P". Hope that helps. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

เดวิด
Monday at 06:49 PM
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Hi, we were taught that dead syllables end with a "K, T ,P" sound.


What if the final consonant is ต, meaning that the consonant sounds like "d't" as an initial consonant, but SOUNDS like "t" as a final consonant?


In other words, does ต apply for the "K, T ,P sound" rule?