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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letter ค and the vowels สระ อึ and สระ อื. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 2 low class consonants and a pair of vowels.
The first low class consonant of this lesson is ท (thaaw thá-hǎan). The word ทหาร ( thá-hǎan) means "soldier". The sound of ท when it's an initial letter is "th" like the "T" in the word "top". There should be a puff of air coming out of your mouth when you make this sound. When it's the final consonant in a syllable, ท makes a T-stop just like ด.
ท looks like the shape of a hill. So you can remember ท by thinking of a soldier standing on top of a hill.
Let's write ท together. Start with the head, then draw a line going down. Now make an arch going to the right. ท
The second low-class consonant of this lesson is ฮ (haaw nók-hûuk). Do you know which animal it's named after? นกฮูก (nók-hûuk) is Thai for "owl". Maybe you didn't know that we have owls in Thailand too! ฮ makes a "h" sound, just like the H in "hoot". This letter is only used as an initial sound in a syllable, never as a final sound.
Maybe you can remember ฮ because it looks a little like the shape of an owl's eye. And owls make the sound "hoot-hoot", which starts with an H.
Let's practice writing ฮ together.
Start with the head, curl around to the top, and add a loop. ฮ
Now let's learn some new vowels.
First we have สระ เอ (sà-rà ee). This is a long vowel that makes the sound "ee" like the "AY" in "gray".
Remember that some vowels are written above, below, in front, or behind a consonant. สระ เอ is one that is written in front of a consonant. This might seem strange at first, but with a little practice you'll get used to reading it like this.
Here is the word เฮง (heeng), which means "to be fortunate".
Do you know the tone? เฮง has a low class consonant with a live syllable ending, so it's mid tone.
สระ เอ,ฮ, ง... เฮง .
Here is another word. Can you read it?
It's เทพ (thêep). เทพ means an "angel". เทพ is a falling tone.
Now let's write it:
สระ เอ, ท, พ... เทพ
Remember that most vowels come in long and short pairs. The shorter version of สระ เอ is สระ เอะ (sà-rà è). It makes the sound "e" like the E in the word "red". สระ เอะ can be written two different ways depending on whether or not there is a consonant following it.
The basic way is to write สระ เอ followed by a consonant, and then สระ อะ.
For example, Here is the word เฟะ (fé), which means "rotten".
สระ เอ, ฟ, สระ อะ... เฟะ
When there is a consonant following สระ เอะ, we have to write it differently. Instead of writing สระ อะ after the consonant, we'll write a different symbol above the consonant. This little symbol is called ไม้ไต่คู้ (mái dtài-khúu). It has the same shape as the number 8 in Thai. You write it as a squiggly line that starts with the head on the right-hand side.
Here is the word เช็ค (chék), which has the same meaning as the English noun "check".
Above ช we'll write ไม้ไต่คู้.
สระ เอ, ช, ไม้ไต่คู้, ค... เช็ค
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
As you can see from this lesson, Thai is not read in a straight line from left to right. You always need to look around the consonants to see which ones have vowels attached to them. There is usually no space between words in Thai, so you have to get used to looking for groups of consonants and vowels that make syllables. When you can spot the syllables it's much easier to tell where one word stops and the next word starts.
Do you know the Thai word for "cat"? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!

61 Comments

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ThaiPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What Thai words can you write using ท (Thaaw thá-hǎan), ฮ (Haaw nók-hûuk), เอะ (Short e), or เอ (Long e)?

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Monday at 3:34 pm
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Hello Daniel,


Thank you for question. Yes, let me show you how it go ช chaaw-chaang + เ-ะ sa-ra-e+ ค kaaw-kwaai = เช็ค , เ-ะ sa-ra-e changed to เ - ็ when it is position in the middle of a syllable. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Daniel
Sunday at 3:29 am
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I am a little confused with the Thai written word for English word “check”.

It has the chaaw chang consonant surrounded by seemingly similar vowels in both long and contradicting short form. Please explain this a bit further. As in how to pronounce a consonant together with long and short vowel.

Tongue tied in USA.

Thank you

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 8:40 pm
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Hello Laura,


Thank you. No problem. I'm glad you figure them out. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Laura
Wednesday at 6:52 pm
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Sorry it’s my fault I got confused with อ


Apologies

Laura

Laura
Wednesday at 6:44 pm
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Ok because the video is teaching that ฮ is a low class consonant.


You have to correct the video because it is teaching that ฮ is a low class consonant.


Thankyou


Laura

ThaiPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 3:14 pm
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Hello Laura,


Thank you for question. No อ is a middle class consonant not Low class consonant. You can tell that it's used as a consonant when there is contain other vowel in a syllable. Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Laura
Monday at 4:37 pm
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Hello I just wanted to make sure that I understand correctly


อ is this a low class consonant?

ThaiPod101.com
Friday at 7:21 pm
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Hello Arc,


No, we can say ต as "the" because ต sound is harder, tip of your lips start from touching between the palate and your front teeth, move down and lift up front part of your tongue to get the sound. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Arc
Wednesday at 8:39 pm
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Can “ต” be read as “the” in english?

ThaiPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:24 pm
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Hello Brian,


Thank you very much for your comment and question. เฟะ is a dead syllable,

Low class initial consonant ฟ and short vowel เ-ะ equal to dead syllable so it is high tone. Hope that's help. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions about Thai language. I will be glad to help. We wish you will have a good progress with Thai.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com