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Lesson Transcript

สวัสดีค่ะ, ดิฉันปรารถนาค่ะ! Welcome to Thaipod101.com’s ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Thai alphabet: ตัวอักษรไทย!
In the last lesson you learned the letters ร and ล and the vowels สระ แอะ and สระ แอ. Do you remember how to write them all?
In this lesson, you’re going to learn about 3 middle class consonants and a pair of vowels.
The 3 consonants you'll learn in this lesson are middle class consonants. So far, you've learned 3 other middle class consonants and the rest have been low class consonants. Do you remember which 3 of these letters were middle class? (pause)
ก, ด, and บ
The first new middle class consonant of this lesson is จ (jaaw jaan) . This letter is named after the word จาน (jaan), which means "plate" or "dish". When จ is the initial consonant it makes the sound "j" similar to the J in "jump". When จ is the final consonant, its sound changes to become a T-stop just like the letter ด.
Get your pen ready, and let's practice writing จ.
Start with a clockwise head in the middle, and make the line go down to the right. Then it hooks back up and curves over to the left. จ
Here is the next middle class consonant. It's called ต (dtaaw dtào). The word เต่า (dtào) means "turtle". The sound ต makes as an initial consonant is "dt", which is between an English D and T. In technical terms, the sound of ต is an unaspirated T. As a final consonant it also makes a T-stop.
ต is written almost exactly the same as ด.
The only difference is that ต has a small indentation at the top of the bump.
Maybe you can think of a turtle with a bumpy shell to remember which is which.
Let's write ต together.
A clockwise head, down to the left, up to the top, indentation, and down on the right side. ต
The last consonant of this lesson is ป (bpaaw bplaa). The word ปลา (bplaa) means "fish".
The sound of ป as an initial consonant is "bp", which is in the middle between a regular English B and P. We can also call this an unaspirated P.
As a final consonant, ป makes a P-stop, which is simply done by closing your lips.
You're probably already thinking that ป looks a lot like the letter บ. As you can see, the only difference is that the line on the right side of ป extends higher than the head.
Let's practice writing ป together.
It's very easy. start at the head and then draw 3 straight lines. ป
Let's learn a new vowel pair to write a couple more words.
This is สระ โอะ (sà-rà ò) and สระ โอ (sà-rà oo). They make the vowel sound "o" like the O in "go". Can you guess by looking at them which one is a long vowel and which is a short vowel?
That's right. The short vowel is this one: สระ โอะ
As you can see, สระ โอ is written to the left of the initial consonant.
Here is an example of a word written with สระ โอ. This is the word โจร (joon), which means a "thief" or "robber".
We have to write สระ โอ first, then the initial consonant จ, and after that the final consonant ร. Remember that ร sounds like letter N when it's a final consonant.
สระ โอ, จ, and ร.... โจร
When the short vowel สระ โอะ is followed by a final consonant it will be unwritten.
For example, here is the word บน (bon), which means "above" or "on".
As you can see, the only letters written are the initial consonant บ and the final consonant น.
The vowel is not written, so you just have to remember that a word containing only two consonants and nothing else will have a short vowel "o" in the middle.
Now it's time for Pradthana's Points.
If you're in Thailand, one way to practice reading is to look at the Thai names of products when you go shopping. Often you already know the name of the product or the brand, which can make it easier to read the whole word. For example, see if you can read the label on a Thai bottle of Coke. You'll notice that the name Coke is written using a stylish version of the สระ โอ that we learned in this lesson.
Do you know how to ask the question "who" in Thai? In the next ตัวอักษรไทย Made Easy Lesson you'll learn how to say it, and most importantly, how to write it! See you there! สวัสดีค่ะ!


Please to leave a comment.
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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Thai words can you write with จ (Jaaw jaan), ต (Dtaaw dtào), ป (Bpaaw bplaa), โอะ (Short o), or โอ (Long o)?


ThaiPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:27 PM
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Hello everyone,

Thank you for comment ka khun Kim. Khun Nekkoolai, you can tell when two consonant are together and not clusted. Example: นม ขนม(ขะ-หนม) ชม ลม ผสม(ผะ-สม) Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a good day.


Team ThaiPod101.com

Monday at 09:43 PM
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How will I know if there's an o between two consonants?

Kim-André Myrvang
Sunday at 12:52 PM
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Thanks for teaching me what an unaspirated consonant is. The "holding a hand over the mouth"-trick was very effective.

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:31 PM
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Hi Afiqah,

Thank you for your question. Those with a Free Lifetime Account can only access the most recent lessons from the past 3 weeks and the first 3 lessons from each series. We publish several lessons per week, so our free users are entitled to countless hours of free materials. However, for those who are truly committed to improving their language skills, we offer subscriptions. For a comprehensive overview of these, please have a look at http://www.ThaiPod101.com/helpcenter/billingsubscription/pricing.

If you enjoy our free lessons and want to improve faster, I'd recommend you upgrade your account so that you will have access to more learning tools. If you are still unsure, you have the option to choose only a 1-month option.

Kind regards,

เลเว็นเต้ (Levente)

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tuesday at 02:33 PM
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I can't load the video. Actually,I unable to load lesson 4 video until the last video. Can you tell how I should open the video? And yes I already have the free lifetime account. Thank you

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:02 PM
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Hi @Thanh,

Thank you for turning to us with your question. We checked it and it seems the video works fine with this lesson and the rest of the lessons. Could you check if you have a free lifetime account? Those who have a free lifetime account can access only up to lesson 3 for free. If you have a basic or premium membership, please let us know which error message you see on the screen. In that case, please send us an email at contactus@ThaiPod101.com so that we can take a look at the issue closely.

Thank you,


Team ThaiPod101.com

Saturday at 04:36 PM
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Hi. I can not play any video after the third one. Iam really enjoying your great videos. Please check it.

Tuesday at 11:00 PM
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Hello Andreas,

Thank you for comment. Short vowel still exist in middle position which is not show like จน คน and more. When vowel is show in word โต๊ะ table. Hope that help. Please feel free to let me know if you have questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a nice day.


Team ThaiPod101.com

Wednesday at 07:37 AM
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I didn’t find any word with โอะ or โอั, the sárá o, only words with the long oo. Are some words still existing with sárá o?

Have a nice day

Friday at 08:54 PM
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Hello Thiri,

So sorry to hear that. Did you try refresh the page? What internet browser do you used? I'm using google chrome, it is working fine. We will also recheck. Hope that helps. Please feel free to let me know if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.

Have a nice day.


Team ThaiPod101.com