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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to The Ultimate Thai Pronunciation Guide.
In this lesson, you'll learn 9 Thai consonant sounds.
These consonant sounds are identical to the ones in English, so they'll likely be familiar to you.
Are you ready?
Then let's get started!
The first consonant is...
ใบ Leaf
บ้าน House
บน Above"
It sounds like a hard B sound, like in the word 'buy'.
บ, บ (slowly)
บ, บ (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ปลา Fish
ปู Crab
เป็ด Duck"
This sound is in-between a B and P sound. It's not as hard as a B, nor is it as soft as a P. Technically speaking, this is an *unaspirated* P sound. This means that you should pronounce a P sound without releasing a big puff of air like you would normally in words like 'pet' or 'post'. Instead, it should be pronounced *without* a burst of air, like in the words 'spin' or 'spike'. Listen to Jay.
ป, ป (slowly)
ป, ป (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ผ/พ/ภ
ผม Hair
เพลง Song
ภาพ Picture
This is an *aspirated* P sound. It's like the P in 'pet', or 'post'. With this sound, ensure that you're releasing a big puff of air to better differentiate it from the previous sound.
ผ/พ/ภ, ผ/พ/ภ (slowly)
ผ/พ/ภ, ผ/พ/ภ (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ฎ/ด
ดู Looking
เดิน Walking
ดม Smelling"
It sounds like a hard D sound, like in the word 'dad'.
ฎ/ด, ฎ/ด (slowly)
ฎ/ด, ฎ/ด (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ฏ/ต
ตา Eye
เตะ Kick
เต่า Tortoise"
This sound is in-between a D and T sound. It's not as hard as a D, nor is it as soft as a T. Technically speaking, this is an *unaspirated* T sound. Similar to the previous unaspirated P sound, you want to pronounce this T *without* releasing a big puff of air, like in the words 'stop' or 'stand'. Listen to Jay.
ฏ/ต, ฏ/ต (slowly)
ฏ/ต, ฏ/ต (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ฐ/ฑ/ฒ/ถ/ท/ธ
ธง Flag
ทาน Eat
เทา Grey
This is an *aspirated* T sound. It's like the T in 'tan', or 'take'. With this sound, ensure that you're releasing a big puff of air to better differentiate it from the previous sound.
ฐ/ฑ/ฒ/ถ/ท/ธ, ฐ/ฑ/ฒ/ถ/ท/ธ (slowly)
ฐ/ฑ/ฒ/ถ/ท/ธ, ฐ/ฑ/ฒ/ถ/ท/ธ (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ไก่ Chicken
กลับ Going back
กา Crow"
This is an unaspirated K sound. It's like the K in 'ski' or 'skip'. Similar to the previous unaspirated P and T sounds, you want to pronounce this K *without* releasing a big puff of air. Listen to Jay.
ก, ก (slowly)
ก, ก (slowly)
The next consonant is...
ข/ฃ/ค/ฅ/ฆ
ไข่ Egg
คน Human/person/people
ใคร Who/whom
This is an aspirated K sound. It's like the K in 'kite' or 'koala'. With this sound, ensure that you're releasing a big buff of air.
ข/ฃ/ค/ฅ/ฆ, ข/ฃ/ค/ฅ/ฆ (slowly)
ข/ฃ/ค/ฅ/ฆ, ข/ฃ/ค/ฅ/ฆ (slowly)
The final consonant sound for this lesson is...
อา Uncle
อุ่น Warm
อ่าน Reading
This sound, or one can argue, lack of sound, is the abrupt pause that takes place before the next sound is released suddenly.
You can pronounce it by contracting your throat muscles quickly to obstruct the airflow, and then releasing the pressure abruptly.
Because the vocal cords are held tightly together, this prevents them from vibrating, so you should not hear anything for a short period of time.
Some English speakers may produce this sound when pronouncing the word 'button' for example, or when they say 'uh-oh!'
Listen to Jay.
อ, อ (slowly)
อ, อ (slowly)
Well done! You just learned another 9 Thai consonants.
Were there more familiar sounds than you though? Please comment and share your thoughts.
In the next lesson, you'll learn 3 consonant sounds that are unfamiliar to English speakers.
See you in the next Ultimate Thai Pronunciation Guide lesson!

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ThaiPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Were there more familiar sounds than you though?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 04:36 PM
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Hello Tisha,


Thank you for comment. Check this out and see if it would help you.Common Thai word: http://thai-language.com/ref/starred

and http://thai-language.com/ref/consonant-endings

There are more to check. http://thai-language.com/ref/double-consonants

There is no rules, we as a native have to learn spelling and test all the time to memorise them. Not short cut but undetsand common consonant and tone rules would help you best. Hope that's help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

ปริษา Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Tisha Douthwaite
Thursday at 07:01 AM
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Why are there 5 different characters that sound like S or T or K for example. Are there rules for which one is used or does one just have to learn how to spell words. I imagine some of them are in a different class - or used only at the beginning or end of words?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Monday at 03:27 PM
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Hello everyone,


Thank you. Nan, I did see one yet. I also checking with our team. I would suggested if there is none for the moment. Karen, tahnk you for your help. That is correct. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa Koknoi

Team ThaiPod101.com

Karen
Monday at 08:42 AM
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For the comment below about missing vowels - I learnt as per the rule that if it is a single consonant and missing vowel it is ‘a’ sound and if it is two consonants together it is ‘oh’ sound (like in ‘khon’) - hoping Thai Pod 101 will confirm.

Nan C McSpa
Thursday at 07:01 AM
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Do you have flash cards for the consonants and vowels?

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:25 PM
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Hello everyone,


Thank you for questions. Kenn, yes, every Thai syllable contain one vowel. The word คน contain a vowel โ-ะ which hidden as you can see 'khon". Timothy, อ can act as a vowel "aaw" not "o". Hope that’s help. Please let me know if you have any future questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a good day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

Timothy
Thursday at 10:40 PM
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Based on other thai words that I have read, the last consonant "อ" can also be used or pronounced as letter "o".

Kenn Miller
Wednesday at 04:08 PM
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Quick question,


Do Thai words have to have at least one vowel in every word?


คน I don't see a vowel in this word 'khon'

ThaiPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:58 PM
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Hello John,


Thank you for comment. Silent letter mean the sound we pronouce is a sound of the vowel instead like first examples we say sound of "า" aa , second examples we say sound of vowel " ุ " and tone is low because of a tone mark above the between อ and น The last example , we pronouce sound of a vowel "า" aa then follow by ending consonant "น" n and tone mark to make it a low tone. You would see word with more syllable when you keep going with our lessons. Cheer. Please feel free to asks if you have any questions. I will be glad to help.


Have a nice day.

Parisa

Team ThaiPod101.com

John
Friday at 02:13 AM
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I cannot understand the last consonant in this lesson (the silent letter). In the example, I cannot distinguish where in the words it occurs.


In the English examples, "button" and "oh-oh", the pause is evident, but what is the difference in sound between the pause and a break between two words?


Even more puzzling is that all of the Thai examples are single-syllable words, with no pause anywhere in those words...unless the pause occurs at the beginning or end of the words, in which case there is no sound made, so how can I tell the sound is even there?